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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878944

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of lyophilized powder samples of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,the fingerprint,index component content and extract rate were determined,and the characteristic peaks,the range of similarity with the reference map,the content range and transfer rate range of magnolol,hesperidin,glycyrrhizic acid and pinocembrin,the extract rate range and the change range were clarified. The results showed that the similarity between the fingerprint of substance benchmark and the reference map R generated from the 15 batches of substance benchmark samples was higher than 0. 90. The assignment of the characteristic peaks in the full prescription's fingerprint of the herbs except Poria cocos was clarified. Nineteen characteristic peaks were assigned,and 12 characteristic peaks were assigned by the reference substance,of which 4 were from Magnolia ocinalis Cortex,5 from Exocarpium Citri Rubrum,2 from Radix aucklandiae,3 from Glycyrrhiza Radix et Rhizoma,4 from Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai,and one from Rhizoma Zingiberis and Zingiber officinale Roscoe. The index component content range and transfer rate range were 0. 80%-1. 14% and 20. 25%-39. 61% for hesperidin,0. 49%-0. 79% and 23. 09%-33. 87%for glycyrrhizic acid,0. 03%-0. 07% and 3. 55%-10. 09% for pinocembrin,0. 15%-0. 38% and 8. 08%-24. 35% for magnolol. The extract rate range and the change range were22. 60%-25. 57% and 12. 67%-23. 68% respectively. In this study,we introduced the concepts of index component content,fingerprint,extract rate,explored the transfer relation of quality value transmitting of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,and initially established the quality standard of Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,all of which would provide ideas for the development and research of similar prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza , Quality Control
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777100

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effectiveness and safety of Xingnaojing Injection (XNJ, ) compared with naloxone for the treatment of acute alcohol intoxication (AAI), and provide the latest evidence through evidence-based approach.@*METHODS@#Seven electro-databases including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Databases, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database (VIP) and Wanfang Database were searched from the inception to January 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing XNJ with naloxone for patients with AAI and reporting at least one of the below outcomes were included: patients' conscious recovery time, stay length in emergency department, disappearance time of the ataxia symptom, the severity of the symptoms, the blood alcohol content as well as the adverse events. Methodological quality of included trials was assessed using the risk of bias tool which recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration. Meta-analysis was conducted by Review Manager 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#Totally 141 trials with 13,901 patients were included in this review, all of them were assessed as unclear or high risk of bias. Results showed that on the basis of routine therapy, standard dose XNJ (10-20 mL) may have similar results with naloxone on the recovery time of consciousness (MD 12 min, 95% CI 7.2-17.4 min) and disappearance time of symptoms (MD 6 min, 95% CI-13.8-25.8 min) for patients with AAI. Larger dose of XNJ Injection (21-40 mL) may speed up the time (almost 1 h earlier). Combination of XNJ and naloxone seemed superior to the naloxone alone for all the relevant outcomes. The average difference of time in consciousness recovery was 2 h and the number of AAI patients whose consciousness recovery within 1 h was above 50% the combination group than in the control group (RR 1.42, 95% CI 1.29 to 1.56). No severe adverse events or adverse reactions of XNJ were reported in the included trials.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low quality of evidence showed XNJ may have equal effect as naloxone and may achieve better effect as add-on intervention with naloxone for patients with AAI. We failed to evaluate the safety of XNJ Injection due to the insufficient evidence in this review. Registration number. in PROSPERO (No. CRD42018087804).

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