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Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 202-206, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246721


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relation between serum vitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations and liver cirrhosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A nested case control study was designed based on the Nutrition Intervention Trial (NIT) cohort, from which non-degraded serum samples and complete baseline and follow-up data were available for 282 individuals diagnosed with liver cirrhosis and 564 healthy controls. The serum samples were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect and quantify 25(OH)D, as well as hepatitis B virus surface antigen and core antibody and hepatitis C virus antibody. The study participants were divided into four groups according to quartile range of 25(OH)D concentration and logistic regression modeling was used to evaluate the relation with liver cirrhosis risk by estimating odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The liver cirrhosis group had a significantly lower concentration of 25(OH)D than the control group (median and quartile range in nmol/L, cases: 15.3 and 13.8; controls: 20.2 and 16.6; t = 5.169, P = 0.002). When the first interval was set as the reference level, the ORs(95% CIs) of the second, third, and fourth intervals were: 0.495(0.333 - 0.736), 0.452(0.303 - 0.675), and 0.349(0.231- 0.527). After adjusting the analysis for the presence of pathogenic-related confounding factors, the ORs(95% CIs) of the second, third, and fourth intervals were: 0.499(0.328 - 0.759), 0.427(0.278 - 0.654), and 0.344(0.222-0.532). The 25(OH)D level was inversely correlated with risk of liver cirrhosis (Chi2 = 25.200, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Risk of liver cirrhosis increases as 25(OH)D serum concentration decreases. Vitamin D might function as a protective factor against development of cirrhosis.</p>

Adult , Aged , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Blood , Epidemiology , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Vitamin D , Blood
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 381-385, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261997


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between concentration levels of fasting serum glucose and liver cirrhosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A nested case-control study was carried out based on the sample cohort from the Nutrition Intervention Trials previously conducted in one country in Henan province. Using an automatic biochemical analysis system and enzyme-linked immunoassay, baseline serum samples from 310 liver cirrhosis patients and 620 healthy controls were tested for fasting glucose concentration, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc), and hepatitis C virus antibody (anti-HCV). Baseline demographic information was collected by questionnaire. The serum glucose values were divided into quintiles and applied to a logistic regression model to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean fasting blood glucose level was significantly higher in cases (4.5+/-1.8 mmol/L) than in controls (4.2+/-2.1 mmol/L) (t=-2.414, P=0.016). The individuals in the highest quintile had a significantly higher risk of disease than those in the lowest quintile [OR=1.672 (1.080, 2.588)]. Moreover, increase in glucose level was accompanied by increased risk, and the relation showed statistically significant linearity (P=0.002). The statistical significance of risk remained after adjustment for potential confounders, including sex, age, HBsAg, anti-HBc, and residence running water status [OR=1.96 (1.216, 3.157), P=0.001].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Elevated serum fasting glucose concentration was an independent risk factor of cirrhosis.</p>

Adult , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Blood , Epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 315-318, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642545


Objective To determine the urinary iodine level of people in Yunyang and Bishan County of Chongqing and explore into its influencing factors. Methods Using multistage cluster stratified simple random sample method, Yunyang and Bishan County were chosen as research spots, then thirty children aged 8-10 in each 3 primary school of the 2 counties were selected using stratified randomization sampling method to inspected their urine and household salt for iodine and the iodine content in drinking water. Results Five hundred and seventy-one urine samples were inspected and the urinary iodine median was 261.47 μg/L. 5.78% (33/571) and 37.48%(214/571) of samples had an urinary iodine median less than 100 μg/L and more than 300 μg/L. The urinary iodine median of Yunyang County was higher than that of Bishan (H = 7.42, P < 0.01). The iodine salt coverage rate, the qualified rate and edible qualified iodine salt rate respectively were 99.64%(554/556), 94.22% (522/554) and 93.88% (522/556) in 556 samples of family table salt. Eighty-seven samples of drinking water were inspected, resulting an averaged iodine content of 8.81 and 2.97 μg/L, respectively in the 2 counties. Conclusions The 2 counties are all the area of iodine deficiency. The urinary iodine level, although meeting the demand of eliminating iodine deficiency diseases, is a little bit higher given that iodized salt of present doage has been taken for a long time. The content of iodized salt should be adjusted accordingly.

Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 606-608, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643006


Objective To investigate the antibacterial molecular mechanism of Traditional Chinese Medicine Coptis rhizome against Yersinia pestis(Y.pestis).Methods The method based on whole genome DNA micrnarray of Y.pestis was used.The minimal inhibition concentration(MIC)of berberine to Y.pestis was determined with liquid dilution method.Then gene expression profile of Y.pestis was performed after exposed to berberine at the concentration of 10×MIC for 30 minutes.Total RNA extracted and purified from Y.pestis and reverse-transcribed to cDNA,then labeled by Cy-dye.Finally,the labeled probes were hybridized to the microarray and the results were obtained by a laser scanner and analyzed by the SAM software.Results The gene expression profile data revealed that the response of Y.pestis to berberine was a global phenomenon.A total of 360 genes changed significantly.Among them,333 genes were up-regulated,27 down-regulated.These differentially expressed genes were further classified into 24 different functional categories based on the genomie annotation of Y.pestis CO92,in which the number of mainly related genes were 83,75 and 48,including cell envelop,unkown,transport/binding proteins functions.The 40 genes related to the metabolism were upregulated,which was a remarkable change.Conclusion Our results have revealed the general gene expression changes of Y.pestis in response to berberine and demonstrated the antibacterial molecular mechanism of the Coptis rhizome.The major mechanism of Y.pestis in response to berberine is the upregulation of genes related to the metabolism.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676850


Objective To find the dominant bacteria in mountain-lake water which can inhibit the alga growth by separation, culture,identification.Methods The samples from the lake in Simian Mountain area,Chongqing were collected.Bacteria- increasing culture,separation and identification were conducted to choice the dominant bacteria.With the dominant bacteria,the ecological restoration was conducted in the eutrophicated water in laboratory,the growth of alga was observed and the water quality was determined.Results Citrobacter freundi,Pseudomonas mendocina,Aeromonas veronii,Achromobaeter xylosoxidans were the dominant bacteria in the lake in Simian Mountain area,Chongqing.Compared with the blank water eontrol,the algae growth speed was slower,COD_(Mn)was 7.1 and 7.4 mg/L respectively,the chroma was both 20 degree in the experimental water samples with Citrobacter freundii and Pseudomonas mendocina.Conclusion The algae inhibitory action of Citrobacter freundii and Pseudomonas mendocina in the mountain lake water is obvious.