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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932349


Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy between coracoclavicular ligament anatomical reconstruction and clavicular hook plate in the treatment of Neer Ⅱb distal clavicular fractures.Methods:A total of 64 patients with Neer Ⅱb clavicular fracture were treated at Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital to Nanjing Medical University from September 2016 to June 2019. They were 35 males and 29 females, aged from 19 to 68 years (average, 50.7 years). They were assigned into 2 groups according to their operative methods: a reconstruction group of 30 cases undergoing coracoclavicular ligament anatomical reconstruction and a hook plate group of 34 cases undergoing fixation with a clavicular hook plate. The 2 groups were compared in terms of hospital stay, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, surgical incision length, postoperative coracoclavicular separation ratio, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Constant-Murley shoulder scores at 3, 6 and 12 months after operation, and postoperative complications.Results:There was no significant difference in general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability between groups ( P>0.05). Operations were completed uneventfully and surgical incisions healed by primary intention in both groups after operation. All the patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months (average, 14.6 months). The operation time [(74.6±22.0) min] and incision length [(10.4±0.4) cm] were significantly shorter but the intraoperative blood loss [(90.2±5.3) mL] was significantly less in the hook plate group than those in the reconstruction group [(95.6±20.8) min, (12.4±0.9) cm and (74.2±3.5) mL] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in hospital stay between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). At 3, 6 and 12 months after operation, the VAS scores (1.8±0.5, 1.2±0.3 and 1.1±0.2) and Constant-Murley scores (85.2±4.6, 91.1±2.6 and 92.1±2.2) in the reconstruction group were significantly better than those in the hook plate group (3.2±1.0, 1.6±0.3 and 1.5±0.3; 73.6±2.9, 85.9±4.6 and 87.0±3.1) ( P<0.05). At the last follow-up, the postoperative coracoclavicular separation ratio (elevation) in the hook plate group (0.20±0.16) was significantly greater than that in the reconstruction group (0.10±0.05) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of Neer ⅡB distal clavicular fractures, coracoclavicular ligament anatomical reconstruction may lead to better fixation and fewer postoperative complications than a clavicular hook plate, demonstrating fine clinical efficacy.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 331-335, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432174


Objective To explore the necessity and function of the sustentaculum tali screw placement for the treatment of Sanders type Ⅱ calcaneal fracture.Methods The data of Dicom that CT scan with bone was input into Mimics 12.0 software and Ansys 13.0 software for construction of calcaneus three-dimensional finite element model.Then,this model was imported into Solidworks 2010 software.Type Ⅱ calcaneal fracture model was established according to Sanders type cutting of calcaneus.Geometric parameters of AO calcaneal plate and screws were imported to the Solidworks 2010 software.Two internal fixation simulations were established based on the calcaneal model.In one model,the steel was placed on the outside with bone and the cancellous' bone screws were infiltrated respectively into the vertical bone since two screw holes which under the articular surface behind the steel plate,two screw holes which rear of the steel plate,a screw hole of the below calcaneus,two screw holes which in front of steel plate.In another model,a cortical bone screw was infiltrated into the sustentaculum tali through the bottom screw hole of articular surface of the steel plate.The two internal fixation models were loaded under the same condition,and non linear finite element analysis was carried out.The stress distribution in the two internal fixation models was calculated respectively.Results The maximum principal stress focused on the cortical bone of sustentaculum tali in both of the models under the same condition of loading.Bone joint displacement,maximum principal stress of calcaneal and internal fixation system in the model with sustentaculum screw fixation were smaller than that in the model without sustentaculum screw fixation.The stress in the model with sustentaculum screw fixation was more dispersed.Conclusion The placement of sustentaculum tali screw is essential for fixation of type Ⅱ calcaneal fracture to achieve the biomechanical stability and can be used in clinical.