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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911287

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between spinal long chain noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and kindlin-1/Wnt3a signaling pathway in a rat model of neuropathic pain (NP).Methods:The experiment was performed in two parts.Experiment Ⅰ Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes, aged 7 days, weighing 15-20 g, were selected.Rats were sacrificed, the dorsal horn of spinal cord was removed, and the primary astrocytes were extracted and cultured.Lipopolysaccharide 1 μg/ml was added to induce the activation of astrocytes for 24 h. The lncRNA binding to kindlin-1 was identified using PCR immunoprecipitation method.The localization of lncRNA FOXF1-AS1 in astrocytes was observed by fluorescence in situ hybridization, and the binding between lncRNA FOXF1-AS1 and kindlin-1 was detected by biotin-labeled magnetic bead method.Experiment Ⅱ Thirty clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 10-12 weeks, weighing 250-280 g, were divided into 5 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: sham operation control group (group C), NP group, lncRNA FOXF1-AS1 overexpression group (group F), lncRNA FOXF1-AS1 overexpression plus kindlin-1 shRNA group (group FK) and lncRNA FOXF1-AS1 overexpression + Wnt inhibitor group (group FW). NP was induced by chronic constrictive injury in anesthetized animals.In group F, lncRNA FOXF1-AS1 overexpression lentivirus 10 μl was intrathecally injected at 28 days before operation, and vector virus 10 μl was intrathecally injected in the other groups.In FK group, kindlin-1 interfering shRNA interference adenovirus 10 μl, and vector virus 10 μl was intrathecally injected in the other groups.In group FW, Wnt inhibitor IWP-2 10 μl was intrathecally injected at 1-3 days after operation, artificial cerebrospinal fluid 10 μl was intrathecally injected at the same time point in the other groups.Mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured at 1 day before operation, at 4 days and 7 days after operation.The animals were sacrificed at the end of measurement of pain threshold at 7 days after operation, and the spinal cord tissues were taken for determination of the expression of kindlin-1, Wnt3a and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) (by Western blot) and the contents of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β (IL-1β) (using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). Results:ExperimentⅠ lncRNA FOXF1-AS1, which was expressed in the cytoplasm of astrocytes, combined with kindlin-1.Experiment Ⅱ Compared with C group, MWT was significantly decreased, TWL was shortened at 4 and 7 days after operation, the expression of kindlin-1, Wnt3a and GFAP in spinal cord was up-regulated, and the contents of TNF-α and IL-1β were increased in group NP ( P<0.05). Compared with NP group, MWT was significantly decreased, TWL was shortened at 4 and 7 days after operation, the expression of kindlin-1, Wnt3a and GFAP in spinal cord was up-regulated, and the contents of TNF-α and IL-1β were increased in F group, MWT was increased, TWL was prolonged at 4 and 7 days after operation, and the contents of TNF-α and IL-1β were decreased in group FK and group FW, the expression of kindlin-1, Wnt3a and GFAP was down-regulated in group FK, and the expression of kindlin-1 was up-regulated, and expression of Wnt3a and GFAP was down-regulated in group FW ( P<0.05). Compared with group F, MWT was significantly increased, TWL was prolonged at 4 and 7 days after operation, and the contents of TNF-α and IL-1β were decreased in group FK and group FW, the expression of spinal kindlin-1, Wnt3a and GFAP was down-regulated in group FK, and expression of Wnt3a and GFAP was down-regulated in group FW ( P<0.05). Conclusion:lncRNA FOXF1-AS1 can up-regulate kindlin-1 expression, activate Wnt3a signaling pathway, promote astrocyte activation, and then regulate inflammatory responses and is involved in the process of neuropathic pain in rats.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of auricular acupoint pressure therapy combined with intranasal dexmedetomidine for transthoracic echocardiography in pediatric patients.Methods:A total of 117 pediatric patients with congenital heart disease, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ, aged 3-36 months, weighing 5-20 kg, scheduled for elective transthoracic echocardiography under outpatient sedation, were selected.Transthoracic echocardiography was performed under sedation using intranasally administered dexmedetomidine or using auricular acupoint pressure therapy combined with intranasal dexmedetomidine.The interval between the two sedation methods was at least 1 week.Intranasal dexmedetomidine: Dexmedetomidine 3 μg/kg was administered to both nostrils via a nebulizer, with 1/2 dose in each nostril.Intranasal dexmedetomidine combined with auricular acupoint pressure: auricular acupressure with Wang Bu Liu Xing (semen vaccariae) seeds was used at the auricular acupoints.After each acupoint was rubbed for about 1 min, dexmedetomidine 3 μg/kg was administered to both nostrils via a nebulizer, with 1/2 dose in each nostril.After the examination, auricular acupoint pressure therapy was continued at home, and pressing-rubbing at the acupoints was manipulated for 3 times daily, one of which was performed at 30 min before going to bed, for 3 consecutive days.When the University of Michigan Sedation Scale score≥2 and body movement score ≥2 within 30 min after giving dexmedetomidine, sedation was considered to be successful.The onset time of sedation, examination time, waiting time, recovery time and the success of sedation were recorded.The incidence of adverse reactions such as bradycardia, hypotension, hypertension, hypoxemia, nausea and vomiting, respiratory depression, restlessness, hyperactivity, action imbalances and allergic reaction were recorded within 24 h after administration of dexmedetomidine.Time to recovery and improvement of sleep quality at night were recorded.Results:Compared with intranasal dexmedetomidine, the successful rate of sedation and incidence of improvement of sleep quality at night were significantly increased ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in adverse reactions using intranasal dexmedetomidine combined with auricular acupoint pressure ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Intranasal dexmedetomidine combined with auricular acupoint pressure therapy can increase the successful rate of sedation and improve the sleep quality at night in pediatric patients undergoing transthoracic echocardiography when compared to intranasal dexmedetomidine.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911192

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between spinal kindlin-1/Wnt3a signaling pathway and inflammatory response in a rat model of neuropathic pain (NP).Methods:Twenty-four clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 10-12 weeks, weighing 250-280 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (SH group), NP group, kindlin-1 shRNA group (K group) and Wnt3a inhibition group (W group). NP was induced by chronic constrictive injury in anesthetized animals.At 21 days before operation, kindlin-1 shRNA adenovirus vector 10 μl was intrathecally injected in group K, and empty viral vector 10 μl was intrathecally injected in SH, NP and W groups.Wnt inhibitor IWP-2 10 μl was intrathecally injected in group W, and artificial cerebrospinal fluid 10 μl was intrathecally injected in SH, NP and K groups at 1-3 days after operation.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured at 1 day before operation and 4 and 7 days after operation, respectively.At the end of pain threshold measurement at 7 days after operation, the animals were sacrificed and the lumbar segments (L 4-6) of the spinal cord were obtained for determination of the contents of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β (IL-1β) (using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and the expression of kindlin-1 and Wnt3a (by Western blot). Results:Compared with group SH, MWT was significantly decreased, TWL was shortened at 4 and 7 days after operation, and the contents of TNF-α and IL-1β in spinal cord were increased in NP, K, and W groups, the expression of kindlin-1 and Wnt3a was up-regulated in NP and W groups, and expression of Wnt3a was up-regulated in group K ( P<0.05). Compared with group NP, MWT was significantly increased and TWL was prolonged at 4 and 7 days after operation in K and W groups, the contents of TNF-α and IL-1β in spinal cord were decreased, and the expression of kindlin-1 and Wnt3a was down-regulated in group K, the contents of TNF-α and IL-1β in spinal cord were decreased, and the expression of Wnt3a was down-regulated in group W ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in kindlin-1 expression ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Spinal kindlin-1 regulates the inflammatory response by up-regulating the expression of Wnt3a, and it is involved in the maintenance of NP in rats.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885061

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the dose-effect relationship of nalbuphine preventing injection pain of medium plus long chain triglyceride propofol in pediatric patients undergoing gastroenteroscopy.Methods:Pediatric patients, aged 3-8 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠ or Ⅱ, scheduled for elective gastroenteroscopy, were enrolled in the study.The doses of nalbuphine were determined by up-down sequential allocation, nalbuphine 0.2 mg/kg was injected intravenously in the first child, and 5 min later medium plus long chain triglyceride propofol 2.5 mg/kg was given intravenously.Ambesh 4-point method was used to evaluate the injection pain of propofol.When the prevention of injection pain was ineffective, the dose of nalbuphine was increased in the next patient, otherwise the dose was reduced, and the difference between the two successive doses was 0.01 mg/kg.This process was repeated until the 7th turning point occurred.The ED 50 and ED 95 of nalbuphine and 95% confidence interval (CI) preventing injection pain of propofol were calculated by Probit regression. Results:The ED 50 and ED 95 (95% CI) of nalbuphine preventing medium plus long chain triglyceride propofol injection pain were 1.57 (1.50-1.62) and 1.71 (1.64-2.05) mg/kg, respectively. Conclusion:The ED 50 and ED 95 of nalbuphine preventing injection pain of medium plus long chain triglyceride propofol are 1.57 and 1.71 mg/kg, respectively, in pediatric patients undergoing gastroenteroscopy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880839

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of general anesthesia on postoperative melatonin secretion in 4-to 6-year-old children with snoring.@*METHODS@#Twenty children with snoring aged 4-6 years of either gender (ASA grade Ⅰ and Ⅱ) were selected for adenoidectomy.Before, during and 3 days after the operation, salivary melatonin levels of the children were measured at 11 selected time points (T1-T11).The illumination intensity and body temperature of the children were recorded at each time point of measurement.The sleep time of the children in 3 days after the operation was recorded, and postoperative pain scores (FLACC) and Riker and Rehabilitation Quality Rating Scale-15(QoR-15) scores were assessed.Sleep Apnea Life Quality Evaluation Questionnaire (OSA-18) was used to evaluate postoperative recovery of the children at 28 days after the operation.The incidence of major adverse events of the children during hospitalization was recorded.@*RESULTS@#No significant difference was found in baseline salivary melatonin level among the 20 children before the operation.Salivary melatonin level at 7 am after the operation (T8) was significantly lowered as compared with that before the surgery (T4)(@*CONCLUSIONS@#In preschool children with snoring, general anesthesia affects but does not inhibit melatonin secretion on the first night after surgery, and minor surgeries under general anesthesia in the morning do not cause significant changes in melatonin secretion to cause disturbance of the circadian rhythm in these children.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, General/adverse effects , Bodily Secretions , Child , Child, Preschool , Circadian Rhythm , Humans , Melatonin , Snoring
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869847

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors for weaning failure after mandibular distraction osteogenesis in the infants with Pierre Robin sequence.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to collect clinical records of infants with Pierre Robin sequence underwent mandibular distraction osteogenesis at Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center from November 2016 to May 2019.The inclusion criteria consisted of the following: age <1 yr and no serious cardiopulmonary disease or serious airway malformation.The medical charts were reviewed for sex, age, weight, premature delivery, low birth weight, preoperative intubation, preoperative pulmonary infection, ventilator-associated pneumonia, as well as mechanical ventilation time and distraction length at first weaning.The infants were divided into 2 groups according to the outcome of ventilator weaning at first attempt: successful group and failure group.The risk factors of which P values were less than 0.05 would enter the logistic regression analysis to stratify weaning failure-related risk factors. Results:A total of 140 infants were included in this study, of which 9 cases developed failure of weaning at first attempt after operation, with the incidence of 6.4%.The results of logistic regression analysis showed that the distraction length and incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia were independent risk factors for weaning failure after operation ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The length of distraction and ventilator-associated pneumonia are independent risk factors for weaning failure after mandibular distraction osteogenesis in the infants with Pierre Robin sequence.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869792

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of subanesthetic concentration of sevoflurane on the plasticity of dendritic spines in the prefrontal cortex neurons of juvenile rats.Methods:Thirty-six clean-grade male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 24 days, weighing 50-60 g, were divided into control group (group C) and sevoflurane anesthesia group (group S) using a random number table method, with 18 rats in each group.Group S inhaled 1.2% sevoflurane and 50% oxygen (flow rate 1 L/min) for 3 h, while group C inhaled 50% oxygen (flow rate 1 L/min) for 3 h. Open-field test and Morris water maze test were performed at 3 days after anesthesia.Animals were sacrificed, and brain samples were then taken for determination of the number of apoptotic neurons in layer Ⅱ-Ⅲ of the prefrontal cortex, density of dendritic spines, and expression of postsynaptic density protein 95 and gephyrin by TUNEL staining, Golgi staining or Western blot.Results:Compared with group C, no significant change was found in total distance or time of staying at the central region in the open-field test or the average swimming velocity, escape latency or the number of apoptotic neurons in the Morris water maze test ( P>0.05), and the density of dendritic spines was significantly increased, and the expression of postsynaptic density protein 95 and gephyrin was up-regulated in group S ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Subanesthetic concentration of sevoflurane can enhance the plasticity of dendritic spines in the prefrontal cortex neurons of juvenile rats.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756155

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the influences of early implementation of patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) in labor on uterine myoelectrical activity and delivery outcomes. Methods A prospective study was conducted on 240 singleton cephalic primiparae with spontaneous labor at Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from January 2015 to October 2018. Those women, who were ready to accept PCEA, were randomly assigned to early- or late-PCEA group based on cervical dilation of 0-3 cm or 3-6 cm at the time of commencing PCEA, while those who refused PCEA in labor were classified as non-PCEA group. Uterine electromyographic activity and visual analogue score (VAS)were recorded before and 1 h and 2 h after PCEA. Patient satisfaction with labor, duration of the first stage of labor, volume of postpartum bleeding within 2 h after delivery and neonatal Apgar score were compared between different groups using multivariate analysis of variance, repeated measures analysis of variance, LSD-t test or Chi-square test. Results The VAS values 1 h after PCEA in the early- and late-PCEA group were both lower than that in the non-PCEA group (2.08±1.34 and 2.00±1.28 vs 7.65±1.04, LSD-t were - 27.713 and - 27.663, P<0.001) and those before PCEA (7.65±0.91 and 7.62±0.86, LSD-t were -32.879 and -33.349, P<0.001). The VAS values 2 h after PCEA in the early- and late-PCEA group were both lower than that in the non-PCEA group (1.63±1.53 and 1.41±1.56 vs 7.66±0.87, LSD-t were -27.018 and -27.823, P<0.001) and those before PCEA (LSD-t were -31.379 and -32.718, P<0.001).The patient satisfaction rate with labor was higher in the early-PCEA group comparing to the late-PCEA group [80.0% (72/90) vs 61.1% (55/90), P<0.001], and the two figures above were both higher than that of the non-PCEA group [20.0% (12/60), both P<0.001]. There was no significant difference in the duration of the first stage of labor, the volume of postpartum blood loss 2 h after delivery, oxytocin usage rate, the rate of convertion to cesarean section, neonatal birth weight or Apgar score at 1 or 5 min among the three groups (all P>0.05). There was also no significant difference in uterine electromyographic parameters among the three groups before or 2 h after PCEA (all P>0.05). The number and duration of burst, power density spectrum peak frequency, root mean square and total power 1 h after PCEA in the early- and later-PCEA group were all lower than those in the non-PCEA group [4.80±2.49 and 5.54±3.04 vs 9.67±2.44; (34.41±1.21) and (36.94±1.18) vs (41.68±1.53) s; (0.36±0.08) and (0.36±0.07) vs (0.48±0.05) Hz ; (0.05±0.04) and (0.05±0.05) vs (0.07±0.05) mV; (4.33±0.51) and (5.36 ±0.59) vs (9.90±1.43) pV2; all P<0.05]. Conclusions The effect of PCEA on uterine myoelectrical activity has no association with the commencing time. While early PCEA could alleviate the labor pain as soon as possible, which enable us to improve the efficacy of labor analgesia, patient satisfaction and maternal and neonatal safety without increasing cesarean section rate.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755528

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the anatomical characteristics of the upper airway in Pierre Robin sequence pediatric patients with difficult laryngoscopy using the computed tomography-based three-dimensional reconstruction.Methods Fifty pediatric patients of both sexes with Pierre Robin sequence,aged 10-101 days,weighing 2.0-6.3 kg,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅲ,scheduled for elective mandibular distraction osteogenesis under general anesthesia,were enrolled in this study.Cone beam CT scan was performed to obtain upper airway anatomy information during the natural sleep before operation.Images were imported into medical engineering software MIMICS 17.0 to reconstruct the three-dimensional images of the oral and maxillofacial bones and airways.The related anatomical parameters were measured,including the distance between the alveolar ridge of the upper central incisor and root of the epiglottis (D1),distance between the root of the epiglottis and midpoint of glottis (D2),distance between the bilateral lower edge of the mandible and midpoint of glottis (D3),distance between the alveolar ridge of the lower central incisor and the lower edge of the mandible (D4),length of the mandibular ramus (D5),length of the mandible body (D6),and length of the total mandible (D7),angle between lines D1 and D2 (angle 1),the angle between line D2 and the alveolar ridge of the upper central incisor to the midpoint of glottis (angle 2),the angle between lines D3 and D4 (angle 3),the angle of the point of the upper central incisor alveolar ridge to the trailing edge of the hard palate and then to the root of epiglottis (angle 4),the angle of bilateral mandible (angle 5),the angle of the point of gnathion to the two gonions (angle 6),the airway cross-sectional area at the tip of epiglottis,volume of oral cavity,volume of velopharyngeal cavity,and volume of glossopharyngeal cavity.Fiberoptic bronchoscope-guided endotracheal intubation was performed under topical anesthesia with lidocaine.Propofol,sufentanil and cis-atracurium were intravenously injected to induce anesthesia after successful intubation,and then the pediatric patients were sent to the operating room.Anesthesia was maintained by inhalation of sevoflurane.The exposure of glottis was observed with a laryngoscope.Pediatric patients were divided into difficult laryngoscopy group (group A) and non-difficult laryngoscopy group (group B) according to whether they presented with difficult laryngoscopy (Cormack-Lehane classification Ⅲ or Ⅳ).Results Compared with group B,the airway cross-sectional area at the tip of epiglottis and in the volume of velopharyngeal cavity were decreased (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in D1,D2,D3,D4,D5,D6,D7,angle 1,angle 2,angle 3,angle 4,angle 5,angle 6,volume of oral cavity or volume of glossopharyngeal cavity in group A (P>0.05).Conclusion The three-dimensional CT images of the upper airway show characteristic changes in Pierre Robin sequence pediatric patients with difficult laryngoscopy,and the main manifestations are the decrease in the airway section area and in the volume of the palatopharyngeal cavity at the tip of the epiglottis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755515

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the optimum compatibility of nabufine mixed with flurbiprofen for patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) after gynecological laparoscopic surgery.Methods A total of 210 patients,aged 18-64 yr,with body mass index of 18-30 kg/m2,of American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,scheduled for gynecological laparoscopic surgery under general anesthesia,were divided into 4 groups using a random number table method:sufentanil 2.0 μg/kg+flurbiprofen axetil 2.0 mg/kg group (SF group,n =55),nalbuphine 1.5 mg/kg+flurbiprofen axetil 2.0 mg/kg group (N1 F group,n=49),nalbuphine 2.0 mg/kg+flurbiprofen axetil 2.0 mg/kg group (N2F group,n =55) and nalbuphine 3.0 mg/kg +flurbiprofen axetil 2.0 mg/kg group (N3F group,n=51).PCIA solution was prepared correspondingly after surgery in each group.The PCA pump was set up to deliver a 1 ml bolus dose with a 15-min lockout interval and background infusion at 2.0 ml/h.Nalbuphine 5 mg or sufentanil 5 μg was intravenously injected as a rescue analgesic to maintain visual analogue scale score at rest <4 at 48 h after surgery in SF and N1 F-N3F groups.Ramsay sedation scores were recorded on admission to post-anesthesia care unit (T1),at the time of post-anesthesia care unit discharge (T2) and at 6,24 and 48 h after surgery (T3-5).The total pressing times of PCIA in 0-6 h,6-24 h and 24-48 h periods after surgery and requirement for rescue analgesics were recorded.The incidence of adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting,drowsiness and shivering within 48 h after surgery was also recorded.Results Compared with group SF,the incidence of nausea and vomiting was significantly decreased in N1 F and N2F groups,the requirement for rescue analgesics was significantly decreased,and the total pressing times of PCIA was reduced in N2F and N3 F groups,and Ramsay sedation scores at T3,4 were significantly increased in group N3F (P<0.05).Compared with group N1 F,the requirement for rescue analgesics was significantly decreased,and the total pressing times of PCIA was reduced in N2F and N3F groups,and the incidence of nausea and vomiting and Ramsay sedation scores at T3,4 were significantly increased in group N3F (P<0.05).Compared with group N2F,the incidence of nausea and vomiting was significantly increased (P< 0.05),and no significant change was found in the requirement for rescue analgesics,total pressing times of PCIA or Ramsay sedation scores in group N3F (P>0.05).Conclusion Nabufine 2.0 mg/kg mixed with flurbiprofen 2.0 mg/kg is the optimum compatibility when used for PCIA after gynecological laparoscopic surgery.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709854

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of different fluid therapy protocols on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in pediatric patients undergoing ambulatory surgery.Methods A total of 160 pediatric patients,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,aged 3-7 yr,weighing 14-24 kg,with body mass index <30 kg/m2,undergoing elective lower abdominal ambulatory surgery,were randomized into Ⅰ and Ⅱ groups (n=80 each) using a random number table method.Lactated Ringer's solution 10 ml · kg-1 · h-1 and 30 ml · kg-1 · h-1 were intravenously infused in group Ⅰ and group Ⅱ,respectively.Ibuprofen 20 mg/kg was given orally after operation to maintain Face Legs Activity Cry Consolability score <4.The development of PONV and thirst and requirement for antiemetics was recorded within 24 h postoperatively.The time of first PONV,time of first thirst and score for satisfaction of family members were also recorded.Results Compared with group Ⅰ,the incidence of PONV and thirst was significantly decreased,the time of first requirement for antiemetics and time of first thirst were prolonged,and the score for satisfaction of family members was increased (P< 0.05),and no significant change was found in the requirement for antiemetics in group Ⅱ (P>0.05).Conclusion Intravenously infusing fluid 30 ml · kg-1 · h-1 can decrease the occurrence of PONV when compared with intravenously infusing fluid 10 ml · kg-1 · h-1 in pediatric patients undergoing ambulatory surgery.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709820

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of spinal kindlin-1 in neuropathic pain in rats and the relationship with Wnt3a.Methods Eighteen clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 250-280 g,aged 10-12 weeks,were divided into 3 groups (n =6 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S),neuropathic pain group (group NP) and kindlin-1 inhibitor group (group K).Neuropathic pain was induced by chronic compression of the sciatic nerve.The sciatic nerve was only exposed but not ligated in group S.In group K,shRNA was intrathecally injected at 21 days before operation to inhibit the expression of kindlin-1.Vector virus was intrathecally injected at 21 days before operation in S and NP groups.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured at 1 day before operation and 1,4,7,10 and 13 days after operation.Rats were sacrificed at 13 days after measurement of pain threshold and the spinal cord was removed for determination of the expression of kindlin-1 and Wnt3a (by Western blot) and expression of Wnt3a mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction).Results Compared with group S,the MWT was significantly decreased and the TWL was shortened at 4,7,10 and 13 days,and the expression of Wnt3a protein and mRNA and kindlin-1 was up-regulated in group NP (P<0.05).Compared with group NP,the MWT was significantly increased and the TWL was prolonged at 4,7,10 and 13 days,and the expression of Wnt3a protein and mRNA and kindlin-1 was down-regulated in group K (P<0.05).Conclusion Kindlin-1 is involved in the development of neuropathic pain by up-regulating the expression of Wnt3a in rats.

13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 131-138, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65053

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) pretreatment on cognitive decline and neuronal damage in an Alzheimer’s disease (AD) rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were divided into three groups: normal saline (NS), AD, and HBO+AD. In the AD group, amyloid β peptide (Aβ)₁₋₄₀ was injected into the hippocampal CA1 region of the brain. NS rats received NS injection. In the HBO+AD group, rats received 5 days of daily HBO therapy following Aβ₁₋₄₀ injection. Learning and memory capabilities were examined using the Morris water maze task. Neuronal damage and astrocyte activation were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Dendritic spine density was determined by Golgi-Cox staining. Tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, and interleukin-10 production was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Neuron apoptosis was evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling. Protein expression was examined by western blotting. RESULTS: Learning and memory dysfunction was ameliorated in the HBO+AD group, as shown by significantly lower swimming distances and escape latency, compared to the AD group. Lower rates of neuronal damage, astrocyte activation, dendritic spine loss, and hippocampal neuron apoptosis were seen in the HBO+AD than in the AD group. A lower rate of hippocampal p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation was observed in the HBO+AD than in the AD group. CONCLUSION: HBO pretreatment improves cognition and reduces hippocampal damage via p38 MAPK in AD rats.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease/therapy , Amyloid beta-Peptides/administration & dosage , Animals , Apoptosis , Cognition/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hippocampus/enzymology , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Interleukin-10/biosynthesis , Interleukin-1beta/biosynthesis , Learning/drug effects , Male , Memory/drug effects , Neurons , Peptide Fragments/administration & dosage , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sodium Chloride/administration & dosage , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/biosynthesis , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513924

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the plasticity of dendritic spines in entorhinal cortical neurons and mechanism of low-dose ketamine-induced reduction of cognitive dysfunction following sevoflurane anesthesia in aged rats.Methods Thirty-six pathogen-free healthy male SpragueDawley rats,aged 18 months,weighing 500-600 g,were divided into 3 groups (n=12 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),sevoflurane anesthesia group (group Sev) and ketamine group (group K).Group C received no treatment.Group Sev inhaled the mixture of air (flow rate 1 L/min) and 3.6% sevoflurane for 3 h.In group K,ketamine 10 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally,and 5 min later the mixture of air (flow rate 1 L/min) and 3.6% sevoflurane was inhaled for 3 h.Open field test and Morris water maze test were performed 3 days after anesthesia.After the behavioral tests,the animals were sacrificed,and their brains were removed and cut into sections for determination of the density of neurons,density of dendritic spines,and expression of postsynaptic density protein-95 (PSD-95) and synaptophysin (SY38) in superficial laminaes (Ⅱ-Ⅲ) of entorhinal cortex using Nissl's staining,Golgi staining and immunohistochemistry,respectively.Results Compared with group C,the time of staying at the central region was significantly shortened,the escape latency was prolonged,the density of dendritic spines was decreased,and the expression of PSD-95 and SY38 was down-regulated in group Sev (P<0.05).Compared with group Sev,the time of staying at the central region was significantly prolonged,the escape latency was shortened,the density of dendritic spines was increased,and the expression of PSD-95 and SY38 was upregulated in group K (P<0.05).There were no significant differences in the density of neurons in entorhinal cortex between the three groups (P>0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which low-dose ketamine attenuates cognitive dysfunction induced by sevoflurane anesthesia may be related to the enhanced plasticity of dendritic spines in entorhinal cortical neurons of aged rats.

15.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1197-1201, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505516

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) during lidocaine-induced spinal neurotoxicity in rats.Methods Fifty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 250-280 g,aged 2-3 months,were divided into 7 groups (n =8 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S),lidocaine group (group L),normal saline group (group NS),3 different doses of dexmedetomidine groups (D1,D2 and D3 groups),and oα2-adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine group (group Y).An epidural catheter was placed at L5.6 interspace.Ten percent lidocaine 20 μl was injected intrathecally in all groups except group S.Dexmedetomidine 5,15 and 25 μg/kg were injected intraperitoneally at 30 min before lidocaine injection in D1,D2 and D3 groups,respectively.In group Y,yohimbine 1.0 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally at 15 min before dexmedetomidine 25 μg/kg was injected.Before intrathecal administration and at 24,48 and 72 h after intrathecal administration (T1-4),the Basso,Beattie,Bresnahan (BBB) Locomotor Rating Scale was used,and the tail flick latency to a thermal nociceptive stimulus (TFL) was measured to assess the locomotor function.The rats were sacrificed after the last behavioral test,and the lumbar segments (L3-5) of the spinal cord were removed for pathological examination and for determination of BDNF expression and cell apoptosis.The apoptosis index was calculated.Results Compared with group S,the BBB score was significantly decreased at T2-4,the TFL was prolonged,the BDNF expression was up-regulated,and apoptosis index was increased in L,NS,D1,D2 and D3 groups (P<0.05).Compared with group L,the BBB score was significantly increased at T2-4,the TFL was shortened,the BDNF expression was up-regulated,and apoptosis index was decreased in group D3 (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in NS,D1,D2 and Y groups (P>0.05).Compared with group D3,the BBB score was significantly decreased at T2 4,the TFL was prolonged,the BDNF expression was down-regulated,and apoptosis index was increased in group Y (P<0.05).The pathological changes of the spinal cord were significantly attenuated in group D3 as compared with group L,and there was no significant difference in pathological changes of the spinal cord between group Y and group L.Conclusion The mechanism by which dexmedetomidine reduces lidocaine-induced spinal neurotoxicity may be related to up-regulation of BDNF expression,and the mechanism by which dexmedetomidine up-regulates BDNF expression is completely related to activation of α2-adrenoceptors in rats.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496977

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between annexin 1 (ANXA1) and the endogenous protective mechanism during intestinal epithelial cell injury induced by endotoxiu.Methods The intestinal epithelial cells at the logarithmic growth phase were seeded in culture palates and randomly divided into 4 groups (n =36 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),cell injury group (group I),ANXA1 overexpression group (group OE),and ANXA1 silencing group (group S).Lentivirus with ANXA1 overexpression and silencing was transfected into intestinal epithelial cells to construct a stable cell line.In I,OE and S groups,endotoxin was added with the final concentration of 100 μg/ml,and the cells were then incubated for 24 h to establish the cell injury model.The culture medium was changed,and the cells were then incubated for 24 h in group C.The cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry,the cell permeability was determined by Transwell assay,and the cell viability was evaluated by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay.The apoptosis rate was calculated.Results Compared with group C,the apoptosis rate was significantly increased,and the cell permeability and viability were significantly decreased in I,OE and S groups (P<0.05).Compared with group Ⅰ,the apoptosis rate was significantly decreased,the cell permeability and viability were significantly increased in group OE,and the apoptosis rate was significantly increased,and the cell permeability and viability were significantly decreased in group S (P<0.05).Conclusion ANXA1 is involved in the endogenous protective mechanism during intestinal epithelial cell injury induced by endotoxin.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489355

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of tempol administered via different routes on neuropathic pain (NP) in rats.Methods Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 250-280 g,aged 8-10 weeks,were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=8 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S),group NP,intrathecal tempol group (group T1),and intraperitoneal tempol group (group T2).Neuropathic pain was induced by chronic constriction injury in chloral hydrate-anesthetized rats.The sciatic nerve was exposed and 4 loose ligatures were placed on the sciatic nerve at 1 mm intervals with 4-0 silk thread.The sciatic nerve was only exposed but not ligated in group S.After successful establishment of the model,a catheter was inserted at L4.5 interspace into the epidural space.In S and NP groups,0.9% normal saline 20 μl was injected intrathecally,and 0.9% normal saline 200 μl was injected intraperitoneally once a day for 7 consecutive days.In group T1,tempol 30 μg (in 20 μl of normal saline) was injected intrathecally,and 0.9% normal saline 200 μl was injected intraperitoneally once a day for 7 consecutive days.In group T2,tempol 30 μg (in 200 μl of normal saline) was injected intraperitoneally,and 0.9% normal saline 20 μl was injected intrathecally once a day for 7 consecutive days.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured at 3 days before operation,and at 1,3,5,7,10 and 14 days after operation.The animals were sacrificed after measurement of pain threshold at day 14 after operation.The lumbar segment of the spinal cord was removed to detect malondialdehyde (MDA) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results Compared with group S,the MWT was significantly decreased,and the TWL was shortened at each time point after operation,the content of MDA in the spinal cord was increased (P<0.05),and no significant difference was detected in SOD activity in group NP (P>0.05).Compared with group NP,the MWT was significantly increased at 5,7,10 and 14 days after operation,the TWL was prolonged at 1,3,5,7,10 and 14 days after operation,the content of MDA in the spinal cord was decreased,and the SOD activity was increased in group T1 (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the indexes mentioned above in group T2 (P>0.05).Conclusion Intrathecal tempol can reduce NP in rats,and the mechanism is related to inhibition of lipid peroxidation in the spinal cord.

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Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1090-1092, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483313

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen on the expression of fractalkine (FKN) in the nerve tissues of rats with neuropathic pain (NP).Methods Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 250-280 g, aged 10-12 weeks, were divided into 4 groups (n=8 each) using the random number table: control group (group C), sham operation group (group S), group NP, and hyperbaric oxygen group (group H).NP was induced by chronic constriction injury (CCI) in anesthetized rats.The left sciatic nerve was exposed, and 4 loose ligatures were placed on the sciatic nerve at 1 mm intervals with 4-0 silk thread.Group H received hyperbaric oxygen therapy once a day for 5 consecutive days starting from day 1 after CCI.The rats were placed into the hyperbaric oxygen chamber, which was pressurised to 2 atmosphere absolute at a rate of 10 kPa/min, and maintained at this level for 60 min.The pressure was then decreased to the normal pressure at a rate of 10 kPa/min.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured at 1 day before CCI, and 3, 5, 7 and 14 days after CCI.After measurement of pain threshold at 3 and 7 days after CCI, 4 rats were selected and sacrificed.The sciatic nerve and lumbar segment of the spinal cord were removed for determination of the expression of FKN by Western blot.Results Compared with group C, the MWT was significantly decreased, and TWL was shortened at each time point after CCI, the expression of FKN in the sciatic nerve at 3 days after CCI, and in the sciatic nerve and spinal cord at 3 and 7 days after CCI was upregulated in group NP (P<0.05) , and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group S (P>0.05).Compared with group NP, the MWT was significantly increased, and TWL was prolonged at each time point after CCI, and the expression of FKN in the sciatic nerve at 3 days after CCI, and in the sciatic nerve and spinal cord at 3 and 7 days after CCI was down-regulated in group H (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which hyperbaric oxygen mitigates NP is related to inhibition of over-expression of FKN in the nerve tissues of rats.

19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1442-1445, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475574

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in rats.Methods Eighteen healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 260-290 g,were anesthetized with intraperitoneal 10% chloral hydrate 350 mg/kg.POCD was induced by injecting Aβ-40 2μl into the bilateral hippocampi by using a brain stereotaxic apparatus.The rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (n =6 each) using a random number table:normal sahne group (group NS),POCD group,and HBO treatment group(groupHBO).0.9% normal saline 2 μl was injected into hippocampus in group NS.In group POCD,Aβ0 2 μl was injected into hippocampus.In group HBO,Aβ 2μl was injected into hippocampus,and then the rats received hyperbaric oxygen treatment lasting for 60 min once a day within 1-5 days after operation.Morris water maze test was performed on 7,14 and 21 days after operation in each group and the swimming distance and speed and escape latency were recorded.The animals were sacrificed after the end of test,the hippocampi were then removed to detect the activation of astrocytes (by immuno-histochemistry) and content of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) (by ELISA).Resets There were no significant differences in the parameters of behavior in Morris water maze test on 7 and 14 days after operation between the three groups.Compared with group NS,the swimming distance and escape latency were significantly prolonged,and the activation of astrocytes and TNF-α content were increased on 21 days after operation in group POCD,and the swimming distance and escape latency were significantly prolonged,the activation of astrocytes was increased,and no significant change was found in TNF-α content on 21 days after operation in group HBO.Compared with group POCD,the swimming distance and escape latency were significantly shortened,and the activation of astrocytes and TNF-α content were decreased in group HBO.There was no significant difference in the swimming speed at each time point among the three groups.Conclusion HBO treatment can alleviate POCD in rats,and the mechanism is related to inhibition of activation of astrocytes and inflammatory responses in hippocampi by HBO.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455724

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment on the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) in the spinal cord of rats with neuropathic pain (NP).Methods Thirty healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 8-10 weeks,weighing 270-300 g,were randomly divided into 5 groups (n =6 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S),group NP,pure oxygen group (group O),treatment with HBO at 2.5 atmosphere absolute group (group H2.5) and treatment with HBO at 3.0 atmosphere absolute group (group H3.0).The animals were anesthetized with intraperitoneal 10% chloral hydrate 300 mg/kg.NP was induced by chronic constrictive injury.The left sciatic nerve was exposed and 4 loose ligatures were placed on the sciatic nerve at 1-mm intervals with 4-0 silk thread.HBO treatment was performed with the corresponding atmosphere absolute once a day for 7 consecutive days starting from 1 day after operation in H2.5 and H3.0 groups.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured on 3,5,7 and 14 days after operation.The animals were sacrificed after the last measurement of pain threshold,and the lumbar segments of the spinal cord were removed to detect the expression of NGF by immuno-histochemistry and Western blot analysis.Results Compared with group S,MWT was significantly decreased,TWL was shortened,and the expression of NGF was up-regulated at each time point after operation in NP and O groups.Compared with group NP,MWT was significantly increased,TWL was prolonged,and the expression of NGF was up-regulated at each time point after operation in H2.5 and H3.0 groups,and no significant change was found in MWT,TWL and expression of NGF in group O.Compared with group H2.5,the expression of NGF was significantly down-regulated,and no significant change was found in MWT and TWL in group H3.0.Conclusion The mechanism by which HBO treatment mitigates NP is related to up-regulation of the expression of NGF in the spinal cord of rats.

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