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1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): E005-E005, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811579

ABSTRACT

Currently, the epidemic of 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is still ongoing. The characteristics including high contagiousness, herd susceptibility and clinical phenotype diversity, made a serious influence on people’s daily life and rountine therapy for other diseases. Breast dieases are clinical common diseases. In the central epidemic area of COVID-19, Hubei province, especially Wuhan, the clinical specialists of breast diseases should consider all of the following factors comprehensively: the prevention of COVID-19, the diagnosis and treatment of breast diseases and the accessibility of medical resources. Besides, we should select the appropriate therapy and optimize treatment process so as to prevent the propagation and cross infection of COVID-19 as well as manage the breast diseases without delay. Therefore, we carried out some management proposals of the patients with breast diseases in the central epidemic area during the epidemic of COVID-19 on the basis of conventional treatment guidelines and clinical experiences. The suggestions and corrections from colleagues will be welcomed.

2.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): E005-E005, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811578

ABSTRACT

Currently, the epidemic of 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is still ongoing. The characteristics including high contagiousness, herd susceptibility and clinical phenotype diversity, made a serious influence on people’s daily life and rountine therapy for other diseases. Breast dieases are clinical common diseases. In the central epidemic area of COVID-19, Hubei province, especially Wuhan, the clinical specialists of breast diseases should consider all of the following factors comprehensively: the prevention of COVID-19, the diagnosis and treatment of breast diseases and the accessibility of medical resources. Besides, we should select the appropriate therapy and optimize treatment process so as to prevent the propagation and cross infection of COVID-19 as well as manage the breast diseases without delay. Therefore, we carried out some management proposals of the patients with breast diseases in the central epidemic area during the epidemic of COVID-19 on the basis of conventional treatment guidelines and clinical experiences. The suggestions and corrections from colleagues will be welcomed.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808873

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) and risk factors for central lymph node metastasis(CLNM) in PTMC.@*Methods@#The data of 900 patients with PTMC initially treated in our hospital from January 2004 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Chi-square test and Logistic regression analysis were performed to determine the risk factors for CLNM.@*Results@#CLNM affected 162 (22.9%) of 707 patients treated with central lymph node dissection. Age, maximum tumor size, multifocality, bilaterality, and extracapsular spread (ECS) were significantly correlated with CLNM (all P<0.01). Age<45 years, maximum tumor size>5 mm, multifocality, bilaterality, and extracapsular spread were independently correlated with CLNM.@*Conclusion@#A prophylactic central lymph node dissection should be considered in PTMC patients with age<45 years, maximum tumor size>5 mm, multifocality, bilaterality, and extracapsular spread.

4.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): 148-153, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614562

ABSTRACT

Objective To obtain different biomechanical conditions of the tibia section with different osteotomy thickness under different activity states,so as to provide theoretical basis for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and patient activities after operation.Methods The three-dimensional models of lower limb were reconstructed and the proximal tibia was resect by 0 mm,5 mm,7 mm,9 mm,respectively,based on the principle of bone resection in TKA.The tibia models after osteotomy were assigned with the material properties,and the stress and strain of the tibia cross-section were then analyzed under the following activity states:standing,walking,running and climbing upstairs.Results The stress and displacement of the tibia cross-section increased with the increase of osteotomy thickness under the same activity state.The maximum stress and displacement of tibia cross-section with the same osteotomy thickness showed an increasing trend when the strength of activity increased.Conclusions For TKA in clinic,the stress and strain on tibia cross-section become larger with the thicker tibia osteotomy and the stronger postoperative activity.Excessive osteotomy in TKA and activity too intensively after TKA should be avoided,so as to reduce stress and strain of the tibia plateau and promote long-term life of the prosthesis.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636612

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the "homing" phenomenon in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The "homing" specificity of endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) by establishing an orthotopic implantation model in nude mice. EPCs harvested from the marrow cells were separated by density gradient centrifugation. Fluorescence microscope, flow cytometry (FCM) and double fluorescence staining with FITC-UEA-I and DiI-ac-LDL, were employed to identify the cells. 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) labelling and real-time PCR were used for detecting the expression of CD133 and chemokines to trace and observe the distribution of EPCs. Our results showed that the distribution rate of EPCs was obviously higher than that in other important organs and the negative control group. Detection of CD133 and chemokines yielded similar results in difference tissues. Our experiment confirmed that the chemotaxis of EPCs does exist in HCC. Moreover, HIF-1α, SDF-1 and VEGF might play important roles in the "homing" of EPCs in HCC. EPCs might be a potential candidate for targeting vector of HCC for gene therapy.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233101

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the "homing" phenomenon in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The "homing" specificity of endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) by establishing an orthotopic implantation model in nude mice. EPCs harvested from the marrow cells were separated by density gradient centrifugation. Fluorescence microscope, flow cytometry (FCM) and double fluorescence staining with FITC-UEA-I and DiI-ac-LDL, were employed to identify the cells. 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) labelling and real-time PCR were used for detecting the expression of CD133 and chemokines to trace and observe the distribution of EPCs. Our results showed that the distribution rate of EPCs was obviously higher than that in other important organs and the negative control group. Detection of CD133 and chemokines yielded similar results in difference tissues. Our experiment confirmed that the chemotaxis of EPCs does exist in HCC. Moreover, HIF-1α, SDF-1 and VEGF might play important roles in the "homing" of EPCs in HCC. EPCs might be a potential candidate for targeting vector of HCC for gene therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Endothelial Cells , Pathology , Liver Neoplasms , Pathology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Nude , Stem Cells , Pathology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403899

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the methods of two currently employed isolation methods for endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs): from total peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and from enriched CD133~+ cells, by defining the cell morphology, phenotype, reproductive activities and function in vitro, providing a reference for clinic application. METHODS: PBMCs from the healthy subjects were used for CD133~+ sorting or not. The two groups of isolated cells were suspended in complete medium M199 for 7 d to 14 d. EPCs phenotype were characterized by FACS. The proliferation of differentiated EPCs was studied by MTT assay, and VEGF concentration was measured using an ELISA kit. Matrigel experiment and migration assay were imitated vascularization in vivo. RESULTS: PBMCs produced more colony-forming units (CFU) than CD133~+ cells from the same volume of blood (P<0.01). From 7 d to 14 d, the two groups show decreased expression of hematopoietic stem cell markers and increased level of endothelial markers, but CD144~+ cells in CD133~+ group were lower than those in PBMCs groups (P<0.01). Cells in PBMCs group secreted more VEGF than that in CD133~+ group on 7 d (P<0.01). Compared to CD133~+ group, PBMCs group showed more potential of proliferation and vascularization in vitro. CONCLUSION: CD133~+ sorted cells show a lower capacity of differentiation, secretion, proliferation and vascularization in vitro, which is unable to differentiate to mature endothelial cells, indicating that it's not a preferential way to obtain EPCs for clinic therapy.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634711

ABSTRACT

Two isolation methods for sorting of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs): from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and CD133(+) enriched cells were compared, by defining the cell morphology, phenotype, reproductive activities and function in vitro, to provide a reference for clinical application of EPCs. PBMCs from healthy subjects were used either directly for cell culture or for CD133(+) sorting. The two groups of cells were cultured in complete medium 199 (M199) for 7 to 14 days and the phenotypes of EPCs were analyzed by FACS. The proliferation of differentiated EPCs was studied by MTT assay, and the VEGF concentration was measured using an ELISA kit. ECM gel experiment and migration assay were performed in vivo. The results showed that PBMCs produced more colony-forming units (CFU) than CD133(+) enriched cells from the same volume of blood (P<0.01). From day 7 to 14, the two groups showed decreased expression of hematopoietic stem cell markers and increased level of endothelial markers, but CD144(+) cells in CD133(+) group were less than in PBMCs group (P<0.01). PBMCs group secreted more VEGF than CD133(+) group on the day 7 (P<0.01). As compared with CD133(+) group, PBMCs group had more potent potential of proliferation and vascularization in vitro. It was concluded that CD133(+) sorted cells showed a lower capacity of differentiation, secretion, proliferation and vascularization in vitro, suggesting that CD133-negative cells may be a preferential way to get EPCs for clinical therapy.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 242-244, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401147

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the plasma level of osteopontin (OPN)in systemie lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients,and its correlation with disease activity as well as organ damage was analyzed.Methods The plasma level of osteopontin was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 68 SLE patients and 36 healthy controls.Results The plasma level of OPN was significantly higher in SLE Datients than in healthy control group(P<0.01).In SLE patients,the plasma OPN level was significantly higher in patients with renal damage than in patients without renal damage(P<0.01).Patients with lung interstitial disease and gastrointestinal tract involvement,their plasma level of OPN was significantly higher than those of patients with inactive lupus (P<0.01).The plasma level of OPN correlated positivelv and significantly with SLEDAI score(r=O.523,P<0.001)and 24-hour urine protein excretion(r=0.403,P=0.001),but negativelycorrelated with serum C3 level (r=-0.398,P=0.001).There was no correlation between the Dlasma level of OPN and anti-dsDNA antibody,Sm antibody,erythrocyte sedimentation rate,serum IgG,IgA,IgM levels(P>0.05 ). Conclusion OPN may be involved in the pathogenesis of SLE,and may be a potential marker for dis-ease activity and organ damage.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471336

ABSTRACT

In order to make a report on 90 cases of insomnia treated by the Wei-defensive qi-regulating and brain-strengthening needling technique,as a clinical subject of the multiple center,for assessing the preliminary standardized indications and operating methods and making an initial summary for writing the draft of the technique operation.Methods:By ratio of 1:1,the patients in conformity with the criteria were randomly divided into the experimental group and control group.In the experimental group,45 cases were treated with the Wei-defensive qi-regulating and brain-strengthening needling technique on Baihui (GV 20),Dazhui(GV 14),Shenmai(BL 62),Zhaohai(KI 6),plus ear points.In the control group,45 cases were treated with routine acupuncture on Sishencong(Ex-HN 1),Shenmen (HT 7),Sanyinjiao(SP 6),etc.The therapeutic effects in the two groups were observed and assessed in comparison.Results:The results showed cure in 15 cases.remarkable effect in 27 cases,effect in 42 cases,failure in 6 cases,and the total eriective rate in 94.4% in 90 cases of insomnia.In the three centers,the statistic management was performed based upon PSQI integral and showed significant difference(P<0.01),and no significant difference among various groups(P>0.01).Conclusion:The therapeutic effect in the treatment of insomnia by Wei-defensive qi-regulating and brain-strengthening needling technique is better than the control group and the therapeutic effect and methods in various centers are stable.without any deviation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313370

ABSTRACT

To investigate the expressions and significance of the tumor suppressor gene phosphatase and tensin homlog deleted on chromosome ten protein (PTEN) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and to analyze the relationship between their expressions and the tumor's invasion and their pericarcinomatous tissues, the correlation of their expressions with the tumor's clinicopathological characteristics and invasion potential were studied. Our study showed that the expression level of PTEN in HCC was remarkably lower than that in pericarcinomatous liver tissues, while the expressions of both VEGF and MVD were higher than that in pericarcinomatous liver tissues. Correlation analysis revealed that the expression of PTEN was negatively related to the progression of the pathological differentiation and invasion of tumor, whereas the expressions of VEGF and MVD were positively related. Moreover, there was a negative relationship between the expression of PTEN and the expressions of VEGF and MVD, and a positive one between VEGF and MVD. The expressions of PTEN and VEGF may reveal the degree of differentiation and the invasive potential of HCC tissues. The mechanism by which the lack of PTEN expression probably induces abnormal hyperexpression of VEGF may play an important role in the invasion and metastasis of HCC.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634451

ABSTRACT

To investigate the expressions and significance of the tumor suppressor gene phosphatase and tensin homlog deleted on chromosome ten protein (PTEN) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and to analyze the relationship between their expressions and the tumor's invasion and their pericarcinomatous tissues, the correlation of their expressions with the tumor's clinicopathological characteristics and invasion potential were studied. Our study showed that the expression level of PTEN in HCC was remarkably lower than that in pericarcinomatous liver tissues, while the expressions of both VEGF and MVD were higher than that in pericarcinomatous liver tissues. Correlation analysis revealed that the expression of PTEN was negatively related to the progression of the pathological differentiation and invasion of tumor, whereas the expressions of VEGF and MVD were positively related. Moreover, there was a negative relationship between the expression of PTEN and the expressions of VEGF and MVD, and a positive one between VEGF and MVD. The expressions of PTEN and VEGF may reveal the degree of differentiation and the invasive potential of HCC tissues. The mechanism by which the lack of PTEN expression probably induces abnormal hyperexpression of VEGF may play an important role in the invasion and metastasis of HCC.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322932

ABSTRACT

Summary: To investigate the difference in expression of hTERT gene between HbsAg-positive human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and HbsAg-negative HCC and to explore the relationship between HBV infection and hTERT gene expression in HCC. The expression of hTERT protein in 30 cases of HbsAg positive HCC and 17 cases of HbsAg negative HCC was detected by immunohistochemistry (SP method), and the expression of hTERT mRNA was analyzed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). t-test, Chi-squared test and cochran- armitage trend test were used to see whether there was an interrelation between HBsAg and hTERT gene in HCC. The expression of hTERT protein was mostly located in plasm and occasionally in the nucleus of liver cancer cells. The positive rate of hTERT protein and hTERT mRNA in HbsAg positive HCC- 93.33 % (28/30) and 83.33 % (25/30) respectively which were much higher than those in HbsAg negative HCC- 52.94 % (9/17), 47.06 % (8/17) (P<0.01) respectively. HbsAg is related to hTERT gene expression in human hepatocellular carcinoma. The hTERT gene activated by the efficacious ingredient of HBV may play an important role in hepatocellular transformation and carcinogenesis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336939

ABSTRACT

In order to evaluate the effects and mechanisms of celecoxib in inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis on human pancreatic carcinoma cells, the anti-proliferative effect was measured by using methabenzthiazuron (MTT) assay. Cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed by using flow cytometry (FCM), and the PGE2 levels in the supernatant of cultured pancreatic carcinoma cells were quantitated by enzyme-linked immunoabsordent assay (ELISA). Our results showed that celecoxib suppressed the production of PGE2 and inhibited the growth of JF-305 cells, and the anti-proliferative effect of celecoxib could be abolished by addition of PGE2. FCM revealed that celecoxib could inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis by G1-S cell cycle arrest. It was concluded that cyclooxygenase-2 specific inhibitor celecoxib could inhibit proliferation and induced apoptosis of human pancreatic carcinoma cells via suppression of PGE2 production in vitro.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336938

ABSTRACT

The clinical significance of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) protein expression and the correlation between the expression of PTEN and phosphorylation of protein kinase B (PKB/AKT) in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were investigated.The expression of PTEN and phospho-AKT was detected by SP immunohistochemical technique and Western blotting in 35 cases of HCC, 15 cases of liver cirrhosis and 8 cases of normal tissues. The correlation between the expression of PTEN and PKB/AKT in HCC was analyzed. The results showed that the positive expression of PTEN in HCC (62.9 %, 0. 085±0. 021) was significantly lower than that in liver cirrhosis and normal tissues (P<0.01). The expression level of PTEN was related to the differentiation degree of HCC and the status of metastasis (P<0. 05). Western blotting revealed a significant inverse correlation between PTEN and phospho-AKT (r=-0. 818, P<0.01). These results demonstrated that down-regulation or loss of PTEN, which may not be able to effectively inhibit the hyper-phosphorylation of PKB/AKT, might play an important role in tumorigenesis and progression of HCC.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-541833

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the change of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in HepG2 cells under hypoxia. Methods HepG2 cells were cultured under hypoxia(hypoxia group) and normal condition (control group). VEGF expression of HepG2 cells was examined by immunohistochemical staining. The growth of HepG2 cells was examined by MTT colorimetry and cell count. VEGF level in the culture medium was measured by ELISA.Results After 48 h and 72 h of culture, the growth rate of HepG2 cells in hypoxia group was lower than that in control group (P

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330930

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the changes of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) expression in residual hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), the expression levels of VEGF and bFGF expression in specimens surgically removed from 48 HCC patients were detected by immunohistochemical methods, and staining intensity of VEGF and bFGF was assessed by a computer-assisted image-analyzer. Among the 48 patients, 25 underwent partial hepatectomy alone (single operating group), and 23 were subjected to second stage surgical resection after TACE (TACE group). The results showed that the average absorbance value (A) of VEGF was higher in TACE group than that in single operating group (0.152 +/- 0.021 vs 0.131 +/- 0.012, P < 0.01). The Average A of bF-GF in TACE group was 0.127 +/- 0.023, higher than in single operating group (0.111 +/- 0.016, P < 0.05). These results suggested that TACE of HCC can up-regulate the expression of VEGF and bFGF in HCC tissues possibly due to anoxia and ischemia.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemistry , Pathology , Therapeutics , Catheterization, Peripheral , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Cycloleucine , Female , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Fluorouracil , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Chemistry , Pathology , Therapeutics , Middle Aged , Mitomycin , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-529331

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between Ephrin-A1 and its receptor with angiogenesis in hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC).Methods Immunohistochemistry staining method(S P methods)and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) were used to determine the protein and mRNA expression of Ephrin-A1 and its receptor EphA1、EphA2 in tumor tissues and their corresponding adjacent liver tissues from 52 HCC patients;then,analyse of the relationship between Ephrin-A1 and clinicopathologyfactor and microvessel density(MVD) in HCC was made.Results The protein expression rate of Ephrin-A1 and EphA1,EphA2 in HCC was 59.6%(31/52),53.8%(28/52)and 17.3%(9/52),respectively,but in the paired liver tissues adjacent to HCC the expression rate was 23.1%(12/52),and respectively.The protein expression rate of Ephrin-A1 and EphA1 was significantly higher than that in the paired liver tissues adjacent to HCC(P0.05).The mRNA express rate of Ephrin-A1 and EphA1 in HCC [67.3%(35/52) and 73.7%(38/52)] were prominently higher than those in the paired liver tissues adjacent to HCC [42.3%(22/52) and 48.1%(25/52)](P0.05).The higher expression of Ephrin-A1 was correlated with the AFP level and thrombus in the portal vein(P

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-524009

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the interleukin-2 (IL-2) treatment and chemotherapeutic sensitivity in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods S-P immunohistochemical staining was adopted to determine the expression of multidrugs resistance-associated protein(MRP1) and IL-2 receptor ? chain in paraffin embedded HCC tissues of the patients treated with and without IL-2. Results The expression level of IL-2 receptor ?-chain in HCC tissues of the patients treated with and without IL-2 was 0.301 9?0.040 23 and 0.263 1?0.022 24, respectively, which had significant difference between the two kinds of HCC tissues. The expression level of MRP1 in the HCC tissues of the patients treated with IL-2 (0.336 4?0.044 67) was markedly higher than that in HCC tissues of the patients treated without IL-2 (0.300 8?0.037 64,t=2.176,P

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-525048

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression of integrin ?1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its significance. Methods Integrin ?1 expression was detected in 38 cases of HCC, 8 cases of hepatic cirrhosis (HC) and 7 cases of normal liver tissues(NL) using immunohistochemical SP method. The relationship between the integrin ?1 expression and HCC clinico-pathological features was analyzed. Results The positive rate of integrin ?1 expression in the HCC was much higher than that in the HC and NL tissues (P

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