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1.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1193-1202, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921861

ABSTRACT

As a common disease in nervous system, epilepsy is possessed of characteristics of high incidence, suddenness and recurrent seizures. Timely prediction with corresponding rescues and treatments can be regarded as effective countermeasure to epilepsy emergencies, while most accidental injuries can thus be avoided. Currently, how to use electroencephalogram (EEG) signals to predict seizure is becoming a highlight topic in epilepsy researches. In spite of significant progress that made, more efforts are still to be made before clinical applications. This paper reviews past epilepsy studies, including research records and critical technologies. Contributions of machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) on seizure predictions have been emphasized. Since feature selection and model generalization limit prediction ratings of conventional ML measures, DL based seizure predictions predominate future epilepsy studies. Consequently, more exploration may be vitally important for promoting clinical applications of epileptic seizure prediction.


Subject(s)
Electroencephalography , Epilepsy/diagnosis , Humans , Machine Learning , Seizures/diagnosis , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1141-1144, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909470

ABSTRACT

2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Delta variant of concern (VOC) is one of the variants of 2019-nCoV, which has the characteristics of strong transmission, high pathogenicity, and rapid progression. 2019-nCoV Delta VOC has caused a global pandemic. Understanding the characteristics of 2019-nCoV Delta VOC and implementing targeted control measures are important aspects of controlling the pandemic. In this paper, the characteristics and control measures of 2019-nCoV Delta VOC were reviewed.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 648-653, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of intensive care unit acquired weakness (ICUAW) in patients with sepsis, and to evaluate the predictive value of each risk factor for ICUAW.Methods:A case control study was conducted, 60 septic patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Henan Provincial People's Hospital from October 20, 2020 to February 20, 2021 were enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups: sepsis ICUAW group and sepsis non-ICUAW group. The data of gender, age, body mass index (BMI), acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ(APACHEⅡ) score, complications, mechanical ventilation, duration of ICUAW, length of stay in ICU, fasting blood glucose, blood lactic acid (Lac), procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, outcome, antimicrobial agent, glucocorticoid, sedatives and analgesics drugs and vasoactive drugs were collected. Risk factors were screened by univariate Logistic regression analysis, and odds ratio ( OR) was adjusted by multivariate binary logistic regression, P < 0.05 was considered as independent risk factors. Finally, the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to analyze the predictive value of independent risk factors. Results:The APACHEⅡ score of the sepsis ICUAW group was significantly higher than that of the sepsis non-ICUAW group (23.05±8.17 vs. 15.33±4.89, P < 0.05), the total length of stay in the ICU was significantly longer than that of the sepsis non-ICUAW group (days: 15.1±9.2 vs. 8.5±3.4, P < 0.05), the improvement rate of patients was significantly lower than that of the sepsis non-ICUAW group [45.0% (9/20) vs. 95.0% (38/40), P < 0.05]. After univariate Logistic regression and multicollinearity test analysis, 7 factors including APACHEⅡ score, average SOFA score, blood lactic acid, proportion of mechanical ventilation, sedatives and analgesics drugs, type of antibiotics and type of vasoactive drugs were included in the binary Logistic regression model [ OR: 1.21, 2.05, 2.26, 0.21, 1.54, 2.07, 1.38, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.09-1.35, 1.42-2.94, 1.12-4.57, 0.05-0.66, 1.03-2.29, 1.27-3.37, 0.96-2.00, all P < 0.05]. Hosmer-Lemchaw test P = 0.901, and the correct percentage of prediction was 85%, indicating good model fit. Multivariate binary Logistic regression analysis showed that APACHEⅡ score and average SOFA score were independent risk factors for the occurrence of ICUAW in septic patients (APACHEⅡscore: OR = 1.17, 95% CI was 1.004-1.376, P = 0.044; average SOFA score: OR = 1.86, 95% CI was 1.157-2.981, P = 0.01). ROC curve analysis showed that the mean value of APACHEⅡ score, average SOFA score and their combined detection had a certain predictive value for the occurrence of ICUAW in sepsis patients, areas under ROC curve (AUC) were 0.787, 0.881, 0.905, 95% CI was 0.646-0.928, 0.791-0.972, 0.828-0.982, all P < 0.05. When the cut-off value was 19.500, 6.225, 0.375, the sensitivity was 75%, 90%, 90%, and the specificity were 80%, 80%, 85%, respectively. Conclusion:APACHEⅡ score and average SOFA score can be used as independent risk factors for the occurrence of ICUAW in sepsis, and their combined predictive value is better than that of individual index.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): E007-E007, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811655

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate awareness of digestive system injury caused by corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in gastroenterologists.@*Methods@#From February 21 to 23 in 2020, the electronic questionnaire was sent out to explore the condition of the basic knowledge of COVID-19 and knowledge of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 grasped by gastroenterologists. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#A total of 2 216 gastroenterologists from 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities nationwide completed the survey. 99.7% (2 209/2 216) of gastroenterologists stated that they had read the COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment guidelines. The percentage of physicians who well knew the diagnostic criteria of suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19 was 34.9% (774/2 216) and 39.4% (874/2 216), respectively. The percentage of physician who gave the right answer of COVID-19 detectable methods and lung imaging was 68.4% (1 516/2 216) and 71.6% (1 586/2 216), respectively. The percentage of correct answer of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 in residents, attending physicians, associate chief physicians and chief physicians was 30.9% (134/433), 33.9% (234/691), 32.4% (213/657) and 34.9% (152/435), respectively, however there were no statistically significant differences among physicians of different level (χ2=6.60, P> 0.05). 95.6% (2 119/2 216) of gastroenterologists believed that probiotics could effectively improve bowel function, and 94.0% (2 082/2 216) of gastroenterologists considered that enteral nutrition support could improve patients’ prognosis.@*Conclusions@#The knowledge and dynamic progress of the digestive system injury caused of COVID-19 are still insufficiently grasped by gastroenterologists in China. So it is necessary to carry out systematic and pertinent training for them.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 162-166, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the awareness of digestive system injury caused by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in gastroenterologists.Methods:From February 21 to 23 in 2020, the electronic questionnaire was used to learn about the condition of the basic knowledge of COVID-19 and awareness of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 among the gastroenterologists across the country. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 2 216 gastroenterologists from 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities nationwide completed the survey. 99.7% (2 209/2 216) of gastroenterologists stated that they had read the COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment guidelines. The percentages of physicians who knew clearly about the diagnostic criteria of suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19 was 34.9% (774/2 216) and 39.4% (874/2 216), respectively. The percentages of physician who gave the right answers of COVID-19 detectable methods and pulmonary imaging was 68.4% (1 516/2 216) and 71.6% (1 586/2 216), respectively. The percentages of correct answers of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 were physicians and chief physicians was 30.9% (134/433) in residents, 33.9% (234/691) attending physicians, 32.4% (213/657) associated chief physicians and 34.9% (152/435) chief physicians, respectively, however there were no statistically significant differences among physicians with different professional titles ( χ2=6.60, P> 0.05). 95.6% (2 119/2 216) of gastroenterologists believed that probiotics could effectively improve bowel function, and 94.0% (2 082/2 216) of gastroenterologists considered that enteral nutrition support could improve patients’ prognosis. Conclusions:The knowledge and dynamic progress of the digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 are still insufficiently grasped by gastroenterologists in China. So it is necessary to carry out systematic and pertinent training programmes for them.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 462-465, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612055

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characters,treatment and prognosis of gastrointestinal Dieulafoy lesion in China.Methods Dieulafoy was used as search term,the literatures about Chinese patients with Dieulafoy lesions from January 1998 to October 2016 were retrieved in the Chinese literature library including China National Knowledge Infrastructure,VIP network,Wanfang database and China Biology Medicine disc,and a total of 515 literatures,5 145 patients were enrolled and analyzed.The gender,age,geographical distribution,location of the lesion,treatment and prognosis of the disease were summarized.Results Among the 5 145 patients (male 3 959,female 1 186) with Dieulafoy disease,the ratio of male to female was 3.34∶1.00.The age was from 3 to 95 years,and mean age was 51 years.The lesion location was mainly in stomach (88.82%,4 570/5 145) and second was small intestine (8.28%,426/5 145).In stomach,the lesions were mainly located in gastric corpus,fundus and cardia.The small intestinal Dieulafoy lesions were mainly located in duodenum.The main manifests were sudden hematemesis,melena,and hematochezia.The treatments mainly was endoscopic treatment (72.56%,3 733/5 145),and second was surgery (25.27%,1 300/5 145).Among the5 145 patients withDieulafoy disease,5 099 patients (99.11%) were cured and 46 patients (0.89%) died.The proportions of endoscopic treatment,interventional therapy and first endoscopic treatment within 24 hours in tertiary hospitals were all higher than those of nontertiary (all P<0.01).The cure rate of tertiary hospitals (99.22%,3 674/3 793) was significantly higher than that of nontertiary hosptials (98.54%,1 421/1 442) (x2 =0.89,P<0.05) and the mortality was significantly lower than that of nontertiary hospitals (P< 0.05).Conclusions The male is more susceptible to Dieulafoy lesion which occurred at any age than the female in China.The predilection sites of Dieulafoy lesion were stomach and duodenum.The primary treatments were endoscopic treatment and surgery,and the disease usually had a good prognosis.

7.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 321-325, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489897

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of the ETV6/RUNX1 fusion gene among Chinese pediatric patients with B-ALL and its effect on the prognosis. Methods A total of 723 patients with B-ALL from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2014 were enrolled in this study. All patients were detected ETV6/RUNX1 fusion gene by FISH. Clinical data and ETV6/RUNX1 were combined to analyze the clinical prognosis. Results Among the 723 patients, 151 were with ETV6/RUNX1 positive B-ALL, accounting for approximately 20.89%(151/723) of B-precursor cases;91 patients were with recurrence, including 10 patients with ETV6/RUNX1 positive B-ALL, and the recurrence rate of ETV6/RUNX1 positive B-ALL was 10.99%(10/91). Among 10 recurrent patients with ETV6/RUNX1 positive B-ALL, 9 patients relapsed more than 300 days later after diagnosis, while the recurrence times among the patients with ETV6/RUNX1 negative was very different. Although the recurrence times between the two groups showed no signiifcant difference (P?=?0.09), the recurrence times of ETV6/RUNX1 positive patients were mainly found at the end of clinical chemotherapy, while the recurrence time of ETV6/RUNX1 negative patients were mainly at maintaining chemotherapy period, there was a signiifcant difference between the distribution of recurrence time (P?

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300482

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical characteristics and treatment strategies of severe complications induced by esophageal foreign bodies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 44 patients with severe complications of esophageal foreign bodies treated from July 2004 to July 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The type of complications was recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ratio of severe complications in patients with esophageal foreign bodies was 9.05% (44/486). The most common type of foreign body was animal bone, with a total of 34 cases (77.3%); Onset of the disease were 2-40 days, mostly above 6 days, accounting for 61.4%. Severe complications of esophageal foreign bodies included 16 cases (36.3%) of simple esophageal perforation or combined with esophageal regional inflammation, 14 cases (31.8%) of cervical abscess, 7 cases (15.9%) of abscess around esophagus, 3 cases (6.8%) of mediastinal abscess, one case (2.3%) of cervical subcutaneous emphysema, one case of tracheoesophageal fistula, one case (2.3%) of aortic fracture, and one case (2.3%) of subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm. Among the 44 patients with severe complications, 40 patients (90.9%) were cured and 3 patients (6.8%) died. One case didn't receieve treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Occurrence of the severe complications induced by esophageal foreign bodies is closely related to the type of foreign bodies and time before presentation. Early diagnosis and prompt treatments for esophageal foreign bodies are crucial for preventing of severe complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Abscess , Esophageal Perforation , Foreign Bodies , Pathology , Humans , Neck , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Subcutaneous Emphysema , Tracheoesophageal Fistula
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381015

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the differential expression genes(DEGs)between Barrettg esophagus(BE)and normal esophagus with oligomicroarray,and to explore the target genes related to the development of BE.Methods The total RNAs of matched BE and normal esophagus mucosa from saIne patient were isolated with one step Trizol method.Matched RNAs were qualified with 10g/L agarose gel electrophoresis.After tRNA purification,cRNAs were synthesized and labeled with fluorescence.which were tIlen hybridized with Agilent oligomicroarray containing 30,968 probes.The fluorescence intensity features were detected by Agilent scanner and quantified by software Feature Extraction.Results On average,2 biopsies by disposable jumbo biopsy forceps provided approximately 5μg RNA required for microarray.The total RNA,reverse transcription product and fluorescence labeled cRNA were all of high quality.Among 2-fold DEGs,there were 142 up-regulated genes and 284 down-regulated genes including 15 bel-2 related genes such as bel-2,MCL1,BAX,BIK and BCLAF1 Conclusion Microarray-based studies are feasible in endoscopically obtained tissues.The development of BE is a complicated process involving multi-genes,in which abnormal expression of bel-2 family related genes might be involved,but the exact mechanism needs further research.

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