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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 60-73, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970359

ABSTRACT

Rapid and accurate detection technologies are crucial for disease prevention and control. In particular, the COVID-19 pandemic has posed a great threat to our society, highlighting the importance of rapid and highly sensitive detection techniques. In recent years, CRISPR/Cas-based gene editing technique has brought revolutionary advances in biotechnology. Due to its fast, accurate, sensitive, and cost-effective characteristics, the CRISPR-based nucleic acid detection technology is revolutionizing molecular diagnosis. CRISPR-based diagnostics has been applied in many fields, such as detection of infectious diseases, genetic diseases, cancer mutation, and food safety. This review summarized the advances in CRISPR-based nucleic acid detection systems and its applications. Perspectives on intelligent diagnostics with CRISPR-based nucleic acid detection and artificial intelligence were also provided.


Subject(s)
Humans , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , COVID-19/genetics , Pandemics , Artificial Intelligence , Nucleic Acids
2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1265-1270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992451

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by non inflammatory degeneration of articular cartilage and the formation of osteophytes at the edge of the joint, caused by complex causes. Its pathology is complex, and its pathogenesis is not yet clear, ultimately leading to joint stiffness and functional activity disorders. At present, the treatment for osteoarthritis is limited to alleviating symptoms and improving function, with varying degrees of side effects. Ferroptosis is a new type of programmed cell death discovered in recent years, which is related to the pathological and physiological processes of osteoarthritis and plays an important regulatory role in the occurrence and development of osteoarthritis. Its main characteristics include iron metabolism imbalance and accumulation of reactive oxygen species. Therefore, ferroptosis inhibitors targeting ferroptosis have shown great application prospects in the treatment of osteoarthritis. In this review, the author summarizes the relevant mechanisms of ferroptosis in the occurrence and development of osteoarthritis, outlines a large number of specific therapeutic drugs and their corresponding targets, with the aim of delaying and reversing the progression of osteoarthritis by regulating chondrocyte ferroptosis, which has certain clinical guiding significance.

3.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 15-20, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932942

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the association between blood pressure and the risks of diabetes mellitus.Methods:Screening and intervention were conducted from 2015 to 2019 for high-risk subjects of cardiovascular diseases in eight counties of Henan. Information on demographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors, and anthropometric measurements were obtained via a questionnaire. Fasting blood samples were collected for blood glucose and serum lipids. The R 3.6.3 software was used to analyze the relationship between blood pressure and diabetes mellitus.Results:The detection rate of diabetes mellitus was 23.5% among 120 040 participants aged 35-75 years. The mean fasting blood glucose level was significantly different among normotensive, prehypertensive, and hypertensive patients. Compared to normotensive patients, prehypertension and hypertension had adjusted ORs of 34%( OR=1.34, 95 CI%: 1.30-1.37) and 85%( OR=1.85, 95 CI%: 1.81-1.89). The corresponding ORs were 1.81(1.77-1.85) in controlled and 2.17(2.06-2.28) in uncontrolled patients. A subgroup analysis showed the same trend, where the risk of diabetes increased with blood pressure ( P<0.05). Conclusions:People with elevated BP may increase their risk of diabetes, while the risk declines when BP is under control. Therefore, targeted measures should be taken to reduce the risk.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 6-11, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708004

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of evodiamine on the proliferation and sensitivity of endometrial cancer cells to irradiation.Methods After administration of evodiamine,cell proliferations of human endometrial carcinoma cell lines of Ishikawa,HEC-1A,AN3CA were detected by MTT and the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of drug was calculated.The cell lines most sensitive to drug were screened for further experiment and administered with evodiamine (IC50) and 8 Gy irradiation.Then,cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry,the levels of Cleaved Caspase-3,p38 and p-p38 were measured by Western blot,and the level of intracellular ROS was detected by a ROS kit.Cell clone survival was also detected to evaluate cell radiosensitivity.Results 1,2,4,6 and 8 μmol/L evodiamine could inhibit the proliferation of the cell line of Ishikawa,HEC-1A,and AN3CA with IC50 of(8.32 ± 0.95),(3.98 ± 0.84) and (4.78 ± 0.64) μmol/L,respectively.Compared with radiation alone,after radiation in combination with 4 μmol/L evodiamine,the apoptosis rate of HEC-1A cells was increased from (45.54 ±4.25)% to (65.87 ±2.93)% (t =11.010,P <0.05) and cell viability decreased from (41.84±4.18)% to (33.27 ± 3.52)% (t =7.484,P <0.05),and the levels of ROS,Cleaved Caspase-3 and p-p38 were also enhanced.In addition,the sensitivity ratio of evodiamine for HEC-1A cells was calculated to be 1.628.Conclusions Evodiamine could inhibit the proliferation,promote apoptosis and enhance the radiosensitivity of endometrial carcinoma cells,in which the intracellular ROS and p38 signaling pathway may be involved.

5.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 438-441, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619127

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of transthoracic minimally invasive occlusion operation guided by transesophageal echocardiography for the treatment of congenital atrial or/and ventricular septal defects (ASD/VSD).Methods The clinical data of a total of 44 patients who underwent surgical occlusion operation from September 2013 to June 2015 were summarized.The whole course of occlusion procedure were dynamically monitored and guided by transesophageal echocardiography.All the patients were followed up regularly by electrocardiogram and echocardiograph.Results Among the 44 patients,43 patients(28 VSDs and 16 ASDs,including one patient suffered with VSD and ASD simultaneously)were occluded successfully,and the other patient with VSD who failed in the surgery was converted to open heart repair.The occlusion operations were finished within 22 to 48 min.The length of incision spaned from 2 to 4.5 cm.The ventilator was used for 1 to 5 hours.The total drainge volumes were recorded each patient from 0 to 50 mL.The postoperative hospitalization stay was 2 to 6 days,and all patients survived and were discharged.During the follow-up of 1 to 12 months, there was no cases with A-V conduction block,valve incompetent,cardiac arrhythmia and residual shunt of heart septel defect.Conclusion Transthoraic mini-invasive surgical occlusion of atrial and ventricular septal defects is a therapeutic method with less trauma,higher safety and feasiblity,faster recovery,and the short-term therapeutic effect is satisfying.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 581-586, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615475

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of berberine on the radiosensitivity of cervical cancer cells.Methods 5,10,15,20 μmol/L of berberine were used to treat cervical cancer cell lines of Siha,HeLa,Caski.DMSO was applied as control of drug treatment.Cell proliferation was detected by the CCK-8 method,and then the half inhibitory concentration of berberine was calculated.Cell apoptosis and cell cycle distribution were detected by flow cytometry.Protein expressions of Cleaved Caspase-3,Cyclin B1,CDK1,STAT3 and p-STAT3 were detected by Western blot.Cervical cancer cells of Siha were treated by berberine with a half inhibitory concentration for 24 h and then irradiated with 0,2,4,6,8 Gy of X-rays.Cell clone assay was used to detect cell survival.Results Berberine could inhibit the growth of cervical cancer cells with a half inhibition concentration of(16.84 ± 3.52),(23.54 ± 8.67),(21.86 ± 6.35)μmol/L for Siha,Caski,and HeLa cells,respectively.The berberine at 17 μmol/L could induce apoptosis (t =56.847,P < 0.01) and G2/M phase arrest (t =47.251,P < 0.01) in Siha cells,which also inhibited the expressions of Cyclin B1,CDK1 and p-STAT3 and promoted the expression of cleaved Caspase-3,but did not influence the expression of STAT3 in cervical cancer cells.Treatment of cells with 17 μmol/L berberine increased the radiosensitivity of cervical cancer cells with a sensitivity enhancement ratio of 1.55.Conclusions Berberine can inhibit cell proliferation,promote apoptosis,block cell cycle,and increase radiosensitivity of cervical cancer cells.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 5-8, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509905

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the short term clinical efficacy of percutaneous resection and laparoscopic deroofing of renal cysts.Methods From October 2013 to June 2016,the data from 39 cases with renal cysts were followed for approximately 22 months (ranging 5-36 months).Patients were randomized into two groups.In the resectoscopic group(17 pts),the mean age of those patients was 57 years (ranging 34-81 years).The mean size of these cysts was 6.4cm (ranging 5.4-8.2 cm).The mean preoperative creatinine was 66.5μmol/L (ranging 38.1-108.8μ mol/L).The mean preoperative sodium was 141.4μ mol/L(ranging 135.6-145.1μmol/L).The mean preoperative potassium was 4.0μmol/L (ranging 3.4-4.7 μmol/L).In the latter laparoscope (22pts),the mean age of these patients was 60 years (ranging 46-73 years).The mean size of these cysts was 6.8cm (ranging 4.3-8.9cm).The mean preoperative creatinine was 74.8μmol/L (ranging 48.6-141.9μmol/L).The mean preoperative sodium was 141.5μmol/L(ranging 135.0-146.1 μmol/L).The mean preoperative potassium was 4.0μmol/L (ranging 3.1-4.8μmol/L).The operative time,blood loss,days of drainage,hospital stay and complications were compared with the two groups.Results All of the 39 cases were accepted the procedure successfully without open conversion.Compared the resectoscopic group with Laparoscopic,the mean operative time was 29.7 min (ranging 15-50 min) and 63.0min (ranging 20-1 00 min),mean blood loss was 36.6ml(ranging 10-80 ml) and 60.4ml(ranging 10-200 ml),days of drainage was 2.3 days and 3.1 days,hospital stay was 3.7 days and 5.1 days,the mean postoperative creatinine was 67.4 μmol/L(ranging 43.8-95.5 μmol/L) and 68.9μmol/L(ranging 46.5-157.6 μmol/L),the mean postoperative sodium was 141.2μmol/L(ranging 136.0-147.2 μmol/L) and 141.6 μmol/L(ranging 136.0-147.2 μmol/L),the mean postoperative potassium was 3.8 μmol/L (ranging 3.2-4.3 μmol/L) and 3.8μmol/L (ranging 3.3-4.3 μmol/L).The overall postoperative pathology was renal cysts.All cases were followed for approximately 19 months (ranging 6-35 months) and 22 months (ranging 5-36 months) in reseetoscopic and laparoscopic group respectively.No cysts recurrence was found by ultrasound.Conclusions Compared with laparoscopic deroofing,use of resectoscopic technology significantly enhances the possibility of achieving better intraoperative results in all patients with renal cysts.Percutaneous resection of simple renal cysts is safe and feasible.

8.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 456-461, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500304

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a 29 Y-STRloci multiplex PC Rsystemfor investigating the genetic polymorphisms and to assess its application value in forensic science. Methods Amultiplex PC Rsystemw as established using a five color fluorescence labeling 29 Y-STRloci (DYS456, DYS389Ⅰ, DYS437, DYS447, DYS389Ⅱ, DYS438, DYS522, DYS460, DYS458, DYS622, DYS390, DYS392, DYS448, DYS449, DYS391, Y-GATA-H4, DYS388, DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS527a/b, DYS393, DYS459a/b, DYS635, DYS439, DYS570 and DYS627) for multiple amplification and capillary electrophoresis. And its applicability w as validated w ith genetic polymorphismdata of 29 Y-STRof unrelated 2 000 male samples in Shandong Han population. Results Atotal of 1981different haplotypes of 2 000 individuals show ed genotype diver-sity betw een 0.370 0 and 0.965 4. The systemprovided stable and accurate typing w ith high sensitivity of 0.05 ng. It satisfied the needs of variety of routine biological samples. Conclusion The 29 Y-STRloci multiplex PC Rsystemcould be applied for actual cases and establishment of Y-STRdatabase. In addi-tion, it has great significance in forensic science practices and related research.

9.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 744-748, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476737

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and current treating status from atrial ifbrillation (AF) patients with different gender in 20 emergency departments. Methods: A total of 2015 consecutive AF patients from 20 emergency departments nationwide from 2008-11 to 2011-10 were retrospectively investigated. The patients were divided into 2 groups: Female group,n=1104 and Male group,n=911. The baseline clinical characteristics and current treating status were compared between groups, the risk of stroke in non-valvular atrial ifbrillation (NVAF) patients was evaluated by CHADS2 score and the factors affecting walfarin application were studied by Logistic regression analysis. Results: Compared with Male group, Female group had the elder age (69.11 ± 12.96) years vs (67.67 ± 13.63) years,P=0.015, lower body mass index (BMI) (23.24 ± 3.73) kg/m2 vs (23.89 ± 3.47) kg/m2,P=0.000, more patients combining with heart failure (39.7% vs 34.6%,P=0.019), more patients with valvular heart disease (26.6% vs 12.4%,P=0.000). In contrast, Male group had more smokers (41.4% vs 5.1%,P=0.000), more patients combining with coronary artery disease (45.1% vs 39.1%,P=0.007) and more patients with previous history of myocardial infarction (9.5% vs 5.5%,P=0.001). The average CHADS2 score was higher in Female group than Male group (2.0 ± 1.4) vs (1.8 ± 1.4),P=0.008 and the proportion of patients with CHADS2 score ≥2 was higher in Female group than Male group (58.0% vs 51%,P=0.005). There were 407 patients of valvular heart disease with AF and 167 (41%) of them received walfarin treatment including 119 female and 48 male,P=0.713; 1608 NVAF patients with CHADS2 score≥ 2 and 105 of them received anticoagulation therapy including 54 female and 51 male,P=0.636. Conclusion: The clinical characteristics and current treating status are different by gender from AF patients in 20 emergency departments in China.

10.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-580935

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the therapeutic effect of manipulative reduction combined with small-splint fixation for the treatment of Barton's fracture.Methods The apposition state,time for swelling disappearance,time for pain relief,and the score evaluated with Gartland-Werley(GW) criteria modified by Sarmiento were observed for the evaluation of therapeutic effect on Barton's fracture patients.Results After manipulative reduction combined with small-splint fixation,the apposition state was good,and volar tilting angle and ulnar inclination were improved in the patients.Time for the disappearance of swelling on the back of hand ranged from 4 to 14 days,averaged 6.0?1.6 days.Time for pain relief ranged from 3 to 10 days,averaged 6.4?1.6 days.Time for the union of fracture ranged from 30 to 60 days,averaged 35.4?8.3 days.The mean modified GW score was 3.6?2.5,and the score was excellent in 29 patients and good in 41 patients.Conclusion Manipulative reduction combined with small-splint fixation is effective and practical for the treatment of Barton's fracture.

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