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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 193-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992588

ABSTRACT

The condition of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) complicated by corona virus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is complex. sTBI can significantly increase the probability of COVID-19 developing into severe or critical stage, while COVID-19 can also increase the surgical risk of sTBI and the severity of postoperative lung lesions. There are many contradictions in the treatment process, which brings difficulties to the clinical treatment of such patients. Up to now, there are few clinical studies and therapeutic norms relevant to sTBI complicated by COVID-19. In order to standardize the clinical treatment of such patients, Critical Care Medicine Branch of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Healthcare and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Chinese expert consensus on clinical treatment of adult patients with severe traumatic brain injury complicated by corona virus infection 2019 ( version 2023) based on the joint prevention and control mechanism scheme of the State Council and domestic and foreign literatures on sTBI and COVID-19 in the past 3 years of the international epidemic. Fifteen recommendations focused on emergency treatment, emergency surgery and comprehensive management were put forward to provide a guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of sTBI complicated by COVID-19.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 88-94, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734321

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of miR-124 in glioblastoma (GBM) cell lines LN229 and LN229R,as well as the regulatory mechanism of miR-124 on radiosensitivity of LN229R cells.Methods miR-124 mimic (miR-124) and negative control (miR-NC),STAT3 overexpression plasmid (STAT3) and pcDNA3.1 vector (pcDNA) were transfected or co-transfected into radioresistant glioma cells LN229R.qRT-PCR was employed to analyze the expression of miR-124 in LN229 and LN229R cells.The survival rate and sensitivity-related parameters of LN229R cells at different doses were analyzed by cloning formation assay.Cell apoptosis of LN229R was evaluated by flow cytometry.Targeting gene of miR-124 was predicted using Targetscan software and verified by the double-luciferase reporter assay.Western blot assay was performed to detect STAT3 protein expression.Results The expression of miR-124 in LN229R cells (0.32 ± 0.03) was significantly lower than that in LN229 cells (1.02 ± 0.09) (t =12.780,P<0.05).Transfection of miR-124 mimics promoted the expression of miR-124 in LN229R cells (4.02±0.39) compared with miR-NC group (0.95±0.06) (t=13.476,P<0.05).After 8 Gy irradiation,the survival rate of LN229R cells transfected with miR-124 mimics (0.003 ± 0.000 4) was significantly lower than that in miR-NC group (0.033±0.005 0) (t=5.655,P<0.05),and the apoptosis rate (22.34±2.42) % was significantly higher than that in miR-NC group (4.69 ± 0.51) % (t =12.361,P<0.05).STAT3 was identified to be a target gene of miR-124.Exogenous restoration of STAT3 reversed the inhibitory effect of miR-124 on LN229R cell survival.Conclusion miR-124 increases the radiosensitivity of LN229R cells by targeting STAT3.

3.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 434-438, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693009

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effectiveness of stereotactic hematoma aspiration and conservative treatment for supratentorial hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) with hematoma volume 25-40 ml. Methods Patients with supratentorial HICH admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2014 to January 2017 were retrospectively enrolled. The incidence of rebleeding, good outcome (defined as the modified Rankin Scale score 0-2 at 3 months after onset) rate, and mortality were compared between the stereotactic hematoma aspiration group and the conservative treatment group. Results A total of 204 patients were enrolled. Their mean age was 61. 3 ±9. 2 years, 114 were males, and their median hematoma volume was 32 ml (interquartile range 25- 39 ml), median baseline Glasgow Coma Scale score was 11 (interquartile range 9-14), and there was no patient with brain herniation. One hundred and twenty patients (58. 8%) underwent stereotactic hematoma aspiration and 84 (41. 2%) received conservative treatment. Compared with the conservative treatment group, the incidence of rebleeding in the stereotactic hematoma aspiration group was significantly lower (2. 5% vs. 22. 6%, χ2 =20. 788, P < 0. 001), and the rate of good outcome was significantly higher at 3 months after onset (85. 0% vs. 70. 2%; χ2 = 8. 305, P = 0. 004 ), but there was no significant difference in mortality (5. 0% vs. 11. 9%, χ2 =3. 259, P =0. 071). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that advanced age (odds ratio [OR] 1. 77, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1. 25-2. 46; P = 0. 006), previous stroke history (OR 1. 36, 95% CI 1. 12-1. 64; P =0. 032), and conservative treatment (OR 1. 42, 95% CI 1. 25-1. 78; P = 0. 021) were the independent risk factors for poor outcomes. Conclusions Stereotactic hematoma aspiration can significantly reduce the incidences of rebleeding and risk of the poor outcome in the supratentorial HICH patients with hematoma volume 25-40 ml. Therefore, early active surgical treatment should be considered.

4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 761-765, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690751

ABSTRACT

This paper reviewed the filiform needle insertionmethods in multi-edition of , explored its evolution and reasons, and analyzed its development trend. By referring multi-edition of and related literature regarding acupuncture manipulation published after 1940s, combined with acupuncture manipulation characteristics of modern and contemporary acupuncture masters, it was found that the definition of needle insertion methods needed to be improved after several changes. The classification of needle insertion methods was stable over development. The thrusting method of needle insertion was previously included, and then disappeared. The description of needle insertion methods was improving. These evolutions were mainly influenced by the academic and clinical background, the academic thought of writers and acupuncture masters, the internationalization and standardization of acupuncture and so on. The twist-inserting method and some other needle-inserting instrument meet the safe, sterile, painless and convenient development trend, which might be included in in the future.

5.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 468-472, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610315

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influencing factors of epilepsy in patients with glioma,and to explore the relationship between the epileptic factors and the recurrence of epilepsy after surgery.Methods From January 2012 to December 2015,clinical data of 95 glioma patients in the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed,which were divided into two groups,including 54 cases with epilepsy and 41 cases without epilepsy,all patients were underwent tumor resection,to search and resect epilepsy lesions in patients with epilepsy,Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to record seizure recurrence after operation,sort and analyze the clinical data of patients,to investigate the influencing factors of epileptic seizures,and the relationship between the factors associated with epileptic seizures and postoperative recurrence of epilepsy.The epileptogenic factors were analyzed using x2 test and multifactor Logistic regression model,epileptogenic factors and recurrent epilepsy after operation were analyzed usingx2 test.Results Logistic regression model showed that peritumoral edema > 2 cm(OR =6.905,95% CI:2.787-17.106),low tumor pathological grade (0R =5.032,95% CI:1.696-14.931) were independent risk factors for epileptic seizures;Follow-up situations:16 cases (13 cases of epilepsy group,3 cases of no epilepsy group) showed epileptic seizure in different time after the operation,preoperative epilepsy history,peritumoral edema were related to the recurrence of epileptic seizures in epilepsy group and the patients without epilepsy (x2 =2.940,3.049,all P < 0.05),the pathological grade was related to the recurrence of epileptic seizures in epilepsy group (x2=4.774,P < 0.05),however,it was not associated with the patients without epilepsy (x2 =0.060,P > 0.05),and there was a correlation between the preoperative history of epilepsy and the postoperative recurrent seizures (x2 =4.672,P < 0.05).Conclusions Peritumoral edema > 2 cm and low tumor pathological grade are the factors that lead to epileptic seizures and postoperation epilepsy recurrence in glioma patients.It's expected to take some positive treatment to reduce epileptic seizures,we should pay special attention to glioma patients with epilepsy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1429-1432, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661912

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical manifestations and treatment of pediatric pituitary adenoma.Methods Between January 2001 to January 2015,24 pediatric patients diagnosed with pituitary.adenoma were treated in People's Hospital of Henan Province.The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed,including age,gender,clinical manifestation,therapy and prognosis.Endocrinological levels including all pituitrin and magnetic resonance imaging were analyzed by the follow-up survey.Results The median age was 16.2 years old,ranged from 6.0 to 17.8 years old.Common clinical manifestations were comprised of endocrine-related symptoms (18 cases) and visual deficit (8 cases),and so on.The ratio of male to female was 1.∶ 3.There were 12 cases of prolactin (PRL)-secreting adenoma (50.0%),4 cases of adrenocorticotropic hormone-secreting adenoma (16.7%),3 cases of growth hormone-secreting adenoma (12.5%),3 cases of plurihorminal adenomas (12.5%),and 2 cases of non-functioningadenomas (8.4%).The ratio of micro-adenoma versus macro-adenoma was 15.∶ 9,and there was no invasive macro-adenoma.Transsphenoidal surgery was applied in 14 cases (58.3 %) with respect to 2 cases (8.3 %) in transorbital keyhole approach,5 cases (20.8%) through pterional approach,and still 1 case (4.2%) through transsubfrontal approach.Two cases(8.3%) were cured with medications.Eighteen cases were totally resected,while 4 cases were subtotal resected.Six of 18 gross total resection patients recurred within 2 years,while tumors of subtotal resection grew differently.Hypotrophy in patients who received Gamma knife therapy (4/7 cases) was statistically different than that in the patients who did not (7/17 cases) (P =0.002).Conclusion Pediatric pituitary adenomas are usually common in female with endocrine related symptoms,and PRL-secreting adenoma is the most common subtype,and recurrence rate was higher.Individualized therapy is needed for the invalid cases.But any radiotherapy including Gamma knife therapy might induce hypotrophy,which requires special attention.

7.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1429-1432, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659006

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical manifestations and treatment of pediatric pituitary adenoma.Methods Between January 2001 to January 2015,24 pediatric patients diagnosed with pituitary.adenoma were treated in People's Hospital of Henan Province.The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed,including age,gender,clinical manifestation,therapy and prognosis.Endocrinological levels including all pituitrin and magnetic resonance imaging were analyzed by the follow-up survey.Results The median age was 16.2 years old,ranged from 6.0 to 17.8 years old.Common clinical manifestations were comprised of endocrine-related symptoms (18 cases) and visual deficit (8 cases),and so on.The ratio of male to female was 1.∶ 3.There were 12 cases of prolactin (PRL)-secreting adenoma (50.0%),4 cases of adrenocorticotropic hormone-secreting adenoma (16.7%),3 cases of growth hormone-secreting adenoma (12.5%),3 cases of plurihorminal adenomas (12.5%),and 2 cases of non-functioningadenomas (8.4%).The ratio of micro-adenoma versus macro-adenoma was 15.∶ 9,and there was no invasive macro-adenoma.Transsphenoidal surgery was applied in 14 cases (58.3 %) with respect to 2 cases (8.3 %) in transorbital keyhole approach,5 cases (20.8%) through pterional approach,and still 1 case (4.2%) through transsubfrontal approach.Two cases(8.3%) were cured with medications.Eighteen cases were totally resected,while 4 cases were subtotal resected.Six of 18 gross total resection patients recurred within 2 years,while tumors of subtotal resection grew differently.Hypotrophy in patients who received Gamma knife therapy (4/7 cases) was statistically different than that in the patients who did not (7/17 cases) (P =0.002).Conclusion Pediatric pituitary adenomas are usually common in female with endocrine related symptoms,and PRL-secreting adenoma is the most common subtype,and recurrence rate was higher.Individualized therapy is needed for the invalid cases.But any radiotherapy including Gamma knife therapy might induce hypotrophy,which requires special attention.

8.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 220-224, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617531

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the postoperative recovery of the patients with glioma-related epilepsy and the possible risk factors for recurrence of epilepsy.Methods To collect clinical data of 89 patients with glioma-related epilepsy,we recorded Engle grade score of all patients underwent resection of tumor and seizure focus in a week,1,3 and 6 month after surgery Repeated measures ANOVA was used to analysis the difference within group.Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analysis were used to analysis seizure recurrence risk curve and the epileptic recurrence related factors,respectively.Results The postoperative recurrence rate was 26.97% (24/89).Engle grade scores were 2.966±0.081.2.202±0.080,1.730±0.093 and 1.313±0.042 in a week,1,3 and 6 month after surgery.The difference was statistically significant (Ftime=96.076,P=0.000).Cox regression model showed that tumor accumulation site (RR =2.908,CI:1.083 ~7.806),postoperative edema formation (RR =4.769,CI:1.737 ~ 13.096),tumor relapse (RR=8.309,CI:3.379~20.432)were the important risk factors for recurrence epileptic seizures (all P< 0.05).Conclusions Surgical treatment can significantly reduce or even eliminate seizures postoperative and its long term efficacy is superior to short term efficacy.Appropriate measures should be taken to treat risk factors associated with recurrence epileptiform seizure to improve the prognosis of patients quality of life.

9.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2295-2298, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617128

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the down-regulation of advanced receptor for advanced glycation end products(RAGE)on expression of high mobility group protein B1(HMGB1)in glioma cells line and the volume change of transplanted tumor in nude mice. Methods HMGB1 expression in glioma LN229 cells line (divided into a control group and a study group) was observed by immunohistochemical assay and Western blot. The control group received normal saline,whereas the study group received RAGE receptor blocking agent FPS-ZM1. Expression of HMGB1 protein was detected by the same methods. The difference of the expression was examined by independent sample t test. 30 Nu/Nu nude mice were randomly divided into two groups;the above two kinds cell lines were injected into the same area of the left back of nude mice. Six weeks after injection ,the volume size was measured six times ,and the variance of repeated measurement data was used to analyze the difference of the volume change. Results HMGB1 protein was mainly expressed in the cytoplasm and nucleus. As compared with the control group,HMGB1 protein expression levels were decreased in the study group(P < 0.05),the growth rate of transplanted tumor in nude mice was significantly faster in the control group than in the study group ,the difference was statistically significant(P < 0.05). Conclusions The growth and invasion of HMGB1 protein may be involved in glioma by RAGE receptor. RAGE receptor blocker FPS-ZM1 can significantly reduce the expression of HMGB1 protein and inhibit the growth of transplanted tumor volume. It is expected to be used for the research on glioma cell apoptosis.

10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 405-408, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512321

ABSTRACT

Objective Few studies are reported on the clinical characteristics of glioma-related epilepsy (GRE).Postoperative recurrence of epilepsy in some patients seriously affects their recovery.We aimed to explore the duration, frequency and type of the epileptic seizure as well as possible factors for postoperative recurrence of epilepsy.Methods We recorded the frequency and duration of epileptic seizures, analyzed the recurrence-related factors using the Cox regression model, and investigated the risk factors of recurrent epilepsy.Results The postoperative recurrence of epilepsy was found in 24 (26.97%) of the 89 cases, which, compared with the 65 non-recurrence cases, had a significantly longer seizure duration (7[3-10] vs 5[2-9] min, P2 cm) (HR=2.867, 95% CI: 1.210-6.795), brain wave type (HR=2.501, 95% CI: 1.058-5.914), and preoperative frequency of epileptic seizure (>6 times/mo) (HR=5.100, 95% CI: 2.437-10.677).Conclusion Postoperative recurrence of epilepsy is associated with the clinical pathological parameters, and the changes of the frequency and duration of epileptic seizures before and after surgery may provide some new theoretical reference for the treatment and prognosis of the disease.

11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2603-2608, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486454

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Currently, the researches on knee plaster immobilization paralysis animal models are popular in the world, but there are some insufficiencies with the knee paralysis animals, for example, poor animal selection, inappropriate plaster selection and pure gypsum instability, which affect the subsequent results. OBJECTIVE: To establish a rabbit model of knee paralysis by the knee fixation with plaster casts and wire. METHODS: A total of 20 New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into two groups. Models of right knee paralysis were established and fixed by plaster casts and wire. Normal controls were considered as the control group. At 8 weeks after fixation, right knee and pathologic histology were observed in the right knee. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The knee joints were translucent, smooth, and shiny, without the cartilage defect in the control group, and the cartilaginous elasticity and rigidity were good, and the arrangement of chondrocytes was normal. There were no inflammatory infiltrations in the articular capsule of the normal rabbits. In the model group, the knee joint was matt and opaque. Articular cartilage became thin, and showed poor elasticity. The cartilages were degenerated. Articular surface was rough, and had defects. There were smal amount of joint fluid or no joint fluid. Cartilage cel s shrank or disappeared, and the number of cartilage cel s reduced with degeneration and necrosis. Subchondral bone became sclerosis with trabecular bone of hyperplasia. The arrangement of cartilage cel s was disordered, with hyalinization and synovial vil ous hypertrophy. Cel clustering phenomenon was seen. There were a large number of lymphocytes, plasma cel s and neutrophil infiltration in cartilages. The typical pathological changes of the knee paralysis present in the rabbit cartilage. These results demonstrate that the rabbit model of knee paralysis can be successful y established by using fixation method with plaster casts and wire, which has the advantages of simple operation, strong fixation and no injury.

12.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3223-3227, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503178

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore expression of HMGB1 and TLR4 in epileptogenic focus brain tissue of temporal lobe intractable epilepsy patients, and analyze its significance in epileptic seizures. Methods 85 tempo-ral lobe intractable epilepsy patients were included in the research. Patients underwent resection of epileptogenic focus in Neurosurgery Department of The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University during January 2011 to January 2012. Epileptogenic focus brain tissue during operation were studied. 20 patients underwent intracranial decompression were selected as control group. Normal brain tissue during operation were studied. Immunohisto-chemical method was applied to detect HMGB1 and TLR4 expression level in epileptogenic focus brain tissue of ex-perimental group patients and normal brain tissue of control group patients. Correlation of HMGB1 and TLR4 expres-sion level and epileptic seizures was analyzed. Results Positive expression rate of HMGB1 (χ2= 74.375, P =0.000) and TLR4(χ2= 57.495, P = 0.000) in epileptogenic focus brain tissue of experimental group patients are both higher than that in normal brain tissue of control group patients. Expression of HMGB1 and TLR4 in epilepto-genic focus brain tissue is correlated with course of epilepsy (χ2= 25.798, P = 0.000), (χ2= 10.548, P = 0.001) preoperative epileptic seizure duration(χ2=8.403, P=0.004),(χ2=10.564, P= 0.001) and preoperative epilep-tic seizure frequency (χ2=4.912, P=0.027), (χ2=5.567, P=0.018). Conclusions HMGB1-TLR4 passageway may become new direction to study pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of intractable epilepsy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 426-430, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498239

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of human sodium coupled neutral amino acid transporter 1 (SNAT1) in human glioma tissues and its relationship with clinical pathological parameters and prognosis. Methods Immu?nohistochemical and western blotting were used to detect SNAT1 expression in glioma tissue and tumor peripheral tissue from 89 cases of glioma patients including 55 cases of low grade gliomas (WHO I-II), and 34 cases of high grade gliomas (WHO grade III-IV).χ2 test and was used to analyze the relationship between expression and clinical pathological param?eters of SNAT1. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the effect of different expression of SNAT1 on the prognosis of patients and to establish the Cox regression model. Results The expression of SNAT1 was significantly higher in gliomas than in tumor peripheral tissue (t=-9.803, P=0.001). The expression of SNAT1 was significantly higher in high pathologi?cal grade tissues than in low grade of glioma tissues (t=-6.682, P=0.003). SNAT1 expression was associated with tumor di?ameter and pathological grade (χ2=4.963, 8.527, P<0.05);Cox regression model showed that the tumor pathological grade and different SNAT1 protein expression were independent risk factors for the prognosis of patients with glioma. Conclu?sions The expression of SNAT1 protein is closely associated with the pathological grade of gliomas and the prognosis of the patients, which may be a new target to judge the biological characteristics and to evaluate the prognosis of gliomas.

14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 737-740, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243076

ABSTRACT

In view of the public academic papers of Professor LIU Zhicheng, his academic track is analyzed, including validating effect, exploring mechanism, improving efficacy, expanding disease variety, deepening mechanism, optimizing program and seeking breakthrough. On this basis, combined with the self-character of TCM, the potential path for the academic cultivation of young scholars is refined: focusing on clinical practice, confirming clinical efficacy, deepening mechanism exploration, improving clinical therapeutic effect, optimizing clinical program, extending clinical disease spectrum, inheriting, seeking, breaking through, innovating, expecting and topping over. It is believed that during the academic cultivation, the importance is to form the stable research direction and continuity, organize research team, absorb actively new knowledge and thoughts, and adopt multidisciplinary cross and coordination so as to achieve the greater success ultimately.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Acupuncture , Education , History , Acupuncture Therapy , History , China , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Publications , Teaching , History
15.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 155-159, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669953

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore expression of HMGB1 in glioma tissue of glioma-related epilepsy patients. Methods Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of HMGB1 in the tissues from 82 glioma-related epi?lepsy patients (glioma-related epilepsy group), 80 glioma patients (glioma without epilepsy group), 80 intractable epilepsy patients (epilepsy control group) epileptogenic foci tissue and 20 normal controls (negative control group). Results HMGB1 in glioma tissue of glioma-related epilepsy group was significantly higher than that in glioma tissue of glioma without epilepsy grou p (χ2=16.944, P<0.001), especially in low pathological grade glioma tissue. HMGB1 was higher in glioma tissue of glioma-related epilepsy group than in epileptogenic foci tissue of epilepsy control group (χ2=26.094, P<0.001). Expression of HMGB1 in glioma tissue of glioma without epilepsy group (χ2=32.273, P<0.001) and epileptogenic foci tissue of epilepsy control group ( χ2=22.236,P<0.001) was higher than in normal brain tissue of negative control group. In glioma-related epilepsy group, HMGB1 was positively correlated with seizures duration(r=0.365,P=0.001), sei? zures frequency (r=0.531,P=0.000) and pathological grade of glioma tissue (r=0.265,P=0.016). Conclusions HMGB1 is highly expressed in glioma tissues of glioma-related epilepsy; HMGB1 expression is closely related with seizures; and HMGB1 in glioma tissue may contribute to the formation of glioma-related epilepsy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4614-4618, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468375

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The living standard of farmers and herdsmen in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China is significantly lower than that of urban residents in general. Meanwhile, the shortage of doctors and medicines and lack of medical knowledge are the main reasons for local farmers and herdsmen to suffer from knee osteoarthritis. Most of the farmers and herdsmen are not aware of or prevent knee osteoarthritis in the early days to remove pathogenic factors, which results in a serious condition at the time of their medical treatment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the main pathogenic factors of knee osteoarthritis in Uygur, Kazakh and Han populations in pastoral areas of northern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China.METHODS:The permanent residents of Uygur, Kazakh and Han ethnic groups in northern Xinjiang, China who met the criteria were selected by the method of stratified, multistage and cluster random sampling during June 2012 to October 2014. The investigation of knee osteoarthritis was conducted among al the residents who meet the inclusion criteria using the method of home scene closed questionnaire. X-ray lateral plain film examination of the knee joint was performed among the patients presenting with the symptoms of knee osteoarthritis. The database was established. The multi-factor and unconditional Logistic regression analysis was conducted among the 40 variables using SPSS 20.0 software. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The 3 402 of 3 540 questionnaires were valid. The Logistic regression analysis suggest that the common pathogenic factors in Han, Uygur and Kazakh ethnic groups are associated with older ages, female gender, high body mass and drink alcohol. Smoking, history of internal disease, high education level, standing position, climbing, trauma, family history, fried food, housing conditions and amenorrhea, different nationalities, churchgoing of ethnic minorities are also the major risk factors. Among the three ethnic groups, the prevalence of female patients in Uygur and Kazak ethnic groups is significantly higher than that of Chinese Han nationality. The morbidity is different among these three nationalities. The dietary preferences cannot be determined as the related influencing factor of knee osteoarthritis. Whether the means of transportation, residence climate and environment, the number of pregnancies and deliveries, drinking tea or not, the type of tea are related to knee osteoarthritis remains unclear.

17.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 764-768, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the functional role of Fascin1 and its related molecular mechanisms in migration and invasion capacity of glioma cells,we utilized gene specific small interference RNA of Fascin1 in cell line U87 MG. Methods:Fascin1-siRNA or negative siRNA was transfected into U87 MG cells of control group or experiment group. Transwell method was employed to assess the migration and invasion capacity of glioma cells. Western blot analysis was used to detect the protein expression of Fascin1,pAKT and pSTAT3. The impact of PI3K/AKT pathway and STAT3 pathway on migration and invasion of U87 MG cells was verified,via applying LY294002 and LY294002,which was inhibitor of the two pathways respectively. Results:As compared to control groups,the migration and invasion capacity of transfected glioma cells were attenuated about 52% or 43%(P<0. 05),accompanied with the decreased phos-phorylation of AKT and STAT3. As utilizing the inhibitors of AKT and STAT3,attenuated migration and invasion capacity of U87 MG cells were observed. Conclusion:Down-regulated expression of Fascin1 could suppress the migration and invasion capacity of U87 MG cells by inhibiting the phosphorylation of PI3K/AKT pathway and STAT3 pathway.

18.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2715-2717,2718, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600095

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of allopurinol in kainic acid-induced epileptic rats and to explore new ideas and methods for the clinical treatment of epilepsy. Methods 120 Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham group, KA epilepsy group and allopurinol groups. Six rats of each group were randomly selected and were given electrodes into their left frontal and hippocampal regions. After injection, behavior changes were observed in all rates without electrodes. 24 h later, MDA level and SOD enzymatic activity of the left hippocampi were measured. One week later, the EEGs were recorded in rates with electrode, as well as total time of seizures /30 min and numbers of seizures / 30 min. Results Compared with the KA model group, latency period of the epilepsy in the allopurinol group was longer (P < 0.05) and the extent was lighter (P < 0.05); the MDA level was significantly lower (P < 0.01), the SOD enzymatic activity was significantly higher (P < 0.01). The total time of seizures / 30min and numbers of seizures / 30 min in allopurinol group reduced significantly (P < 0.01). Conclusion Allopurinol has potential antiepileptic and antioxidative activities in kainic acid-induced epileptic rats.

19.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 915-917, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444991

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the related high-risk factors of the occurrence of progressive hemorrhagic injury (PHI) after acute traumatic brain injury ,and to provide the basis for early clinical diagnosis and treatment .Methods Retrospective analysis the clinical data of 398 cases of traumatic brain injury patients .According to whether PHI occurred ,the patients were divided into the progress group and non-progress group .Relevant factors with progressive hemorrhagic injury were assessed .Results The univari-ate analysis showed that ,the age ,gender ratio ,injury to first CT time ,GCS score when admitted in hospital ,mean arterial pressure , combined with skull fracture ,combined with epidural hematoma ,combined with cerebral contusion ,bilateral injury ,subarachnoid hemorrhage ,disturbance of consciousness ,mydriasis ,volume of intracranial hematoma more than 10 mL and volume of hematoma at the first CT scanning ,Platelets ,plasma fibrin concentration and D-dimer influenced the development of progressive hemorrhagic in-jury(P<0 .05) .Logistic regression showed that ,injury to first CT time ,GSC score less than 12 ,disturbance of consciousness ,my-driasis ,volume of hematoma more than 10 mL at the first CT scanning ,combined with cerebral contusion ,combined with subarach-noid hemorrhage ,platelet and D-dimer were the independent risk factors for PHI (P<0 .05) .Conclusion Patients with acute brain injury should be promptly head CT .Patients with GCS score less than 12 ,disturbance of consciousness ,mydriasis ,volume of in-tracranial hematoma more than 10 mL at the first CT scanning ,combined with cerebral contusion ,subarachnoid hemorrhage ,platelet and D-dimer were the independent risk factors of the progressive hemorrhagic injury after traumatic brain injury ,Should closely ob-serve the illness progress ,regularly review the head CT as soon as possible .

20.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 357-360, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447679

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions and significance of erythropoietin producing hepatocellular cell line receptor A2 (EphA2) in pediatric brain glioma.Methods Seventy-eight fresh pediatric glioma specimens with a defined histological grade were collected in the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from Jan.2009to Mar.2013,which included 36 of low grade glioma(Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade),42 of high grade glioma(Ⅲ-grade),another 33 cases with brain trauma line pressure to remove children brain tissues were collected as control group.The expressions of EphA2 mRNA and protein were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR),Western blot and immunohistochemistry.Results 1.RT-PCR and Western blot showed that EphA2 did not express in control brain tissue,but the expression levels of EphA2 mRNA were over-expressed in pediatric brain glioma,and the difference was statistically significant(F =36.271,P < 0.05) ;the expression levels of EphA2 protein were significantly higher in high-grade pediatric glioma group than in low-grade pediatric glioma group,and the difference was statistically significant(F =42.839,P < 0.05).2.Immunohistochemistry showed that EphA2 expression was negative in control group,the positive expression in low-grade glioma group was 88.57%,and the positive expression in high-grade glioma group was 100.00%.Moreover,the higher the grade glioma,distribution of EphA2 expression was stronger,and the difference was statistically significant(Z =4.962,P < 0.05).Conclusions The mRNA and protein expression levels of EphA2 were significantly high in pediatric brain glioma which were associated with the grade of glioma.Therefore,EphA2 may participate in the development and progression of pediatric brain glioma.

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