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Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 465-468, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711813


Objective To summarize the treatment experience and strategies of patients with acute type A aortic dissection involving coronary arteries in order to improve the efficacy of such patients.Methods Between March 2013 and April 2016,we recruited 37 patients with coronary involvement caused by acute type A aortic dissection,26 men,11 women;mean age (49.7 ± 10.4) years.All procedures were done on an emergency basis within 24 hours after the patient's arrival.Results Acute type A aortic dissection with coronary involvement is a more complex operation associated with high in-hospital mortality(18.9%,7/37) and low short-term survival(64.9%,13/37).There were 9 patients underwent coronary artery bypass graft after completion of the root procedure because of ventricular wall motion abnormality(7 patients) and new ST-segment elevation (2 patients) during weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass.Four of them were survival during follow-up due to the success from rescue coronary artery bypass graft.Conclusion Acute type A aortic dissection with coronary involvement is associated with high in-hospital mortality and low short-term survival.If patients suffered abnormal ventricular wall motion or new ST-segment elevation during weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass,rescue coronary artery bypass graft is essential to salvage these critically ill patients.

Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 17-19, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379974


Objective To evaluate the clinic effect of leaflet enlargement with autologous pericardium in repairing mitral valve disease and to describe the technique and discuss its indications. Methods Between July 2004 and June 2008, 45 pa-tients with isolated mitral valve disease, included stenosis in 10 and regurgitation in 35. The causes were congenital heart dis-ease in 8, rheumatic in 21, degenerative in 7 and endecarditis in 9. The procedures were: posterior leaflet enlargement with autologuus pericardium in 14, anterior leaflet enlargement in 8, both anterior and posterior leaflet enlargement in 23. In addi-tion, eye to eye technique was in 12, artificial chordal in 12, chordal transfer in 6, papillary muscle vepesitioning in 4. Mitral anuuloplasty was performed in all cases. Before and after surgery, cardiac function parameters were compared. Results No operative deaths occurred. One case wastransfered to mitral valve replacement due to regurgation, lntraoperative transesophageal echocardiography showed no mitral regurgitation in 38 and small regurgitation in 6 cases. The mean mitral valve effective orifice area(MVEOA) was (2.8±0.6) cm~2, with a mean gradient pressure of (6.21±1.34) mm Hg after operation. The mean followed up was ( 18.0±2.1 ) months. Echocardiography study showed that no mitral regurgitation in 35 cases, slight regurgi-tation in 9, mean mitral effective orifice area was (2.5±0. 8 ) cm~2, mean gradient pressure of (7.21±0. 45 ) mm Hg, no one need reoperation. Postoperative cardiac functions were significantly improved: the average left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) was (48±7) mm [ preoperative (56±6) nun, P <0.05], ejection fraction (EF) was 0.51~0.24( preoperative 0.45± 0.23, P < 0.05 ), the average left atrium diameter ( LA ) was ( 50±11 ) mm [ preoperative ( 62±23 ) mm, P <0. 05 ]. The function of mitral valves was well performed. Conclusion Leaflet enlargement with autologous pericardium com-bined with mitral annuloplasty was effective in repairing of diseased mitral valve. The advantages of the procedure including simplicity, good compatibility, avoiding foreign body and no need for anticoagulation.