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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792191


Objective To indentify the cognitive status of Chinese patients to acne and the influencing factors to theirs' cognitive status,so as to provide solid evidences for the prevention and treatment of acne.Methods A self-designed questionnaire was made to conduct this survey of 16,156 acne patients,who seeked to the treatment in the dermatological departments from 112 hospitals in China.The survey consisted of several parts,including the general status of patients,the patients' cognition of occurrence,development and risk factors of acne,whether the first choice was seeking treatment at the hospital when the patients had acne and the condition of selection of skin care products.The factors were analyzed,which could impact the cognition of the patients' behavior of treatment,how did the patients' cognition to influence their medical behavior and skin care as well as the consistency of assessment of the severity of acne by doctors and patients themselves.Results The acne patients studied had the best knowledge of "acne is a skin disease","it not only occurs in the period of adolescence" and "the disease can be prevented and cured",which accordingly accounted for 80.65%,69.16% and 65.49% of the total patients respectively.However,the awareness of acne patients to heredity,high sugar and dairy products as risk factors for acne was insufficient,which accounted for 48.72%,42.40% and 18.25% of the total patients,respectively.Gender,age,educational level,occupation and health knowledge were the main factors affecting the cognitive level of patients;the survey also found that men,patient with educational level of junior high or even lower educational condition,occupation of labor workers or farmers and patients were lack of health education with poor knowledge of the genetics and dietary were risk factors for acne;patients with age over 36 years or with mild illness had poor knowledge of dietary risk factors for acne;the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).The analysis of the influence of cognitive status on medical treatment behavior and skin care showed that the better the cognition,the higher the probability of patients would choose medical treatment as the first choice as well as choosing functional skin care products;the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).The consistency of assessment of the severity of acne by doctors and patients was poor (Kappa value <0.4),and the assessment of severity of acne by patients was more serious than doctors' assessment.Conclusions Patient's cognitive status will affect their medical behavior and skin care,and there is also a phenomenon that patients have a more serious assessment of their acne condition.It is suggested that health education for acne patients should be strengthened in clinical medicine so as to improve their knowledge of acne as well as preventing from acne effectively.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470158


Objective To explore the best mode of diabetic dietary education in the nursing specialist outpatient service,which is suit for China's national situation.Methods A total of 100 diabetic patients consulting diabetes diet in the nursing specialist outpatient service were divided into observation group and control group with 50 cases each by random digits table method.The routine sermonic education mode was used in control group,while the error-correction education mode was used in observation group.The question-real-time evaluation was performed at the end of the education and a follow-up evaluation after 6 months of intervention was evaluated.Results Grasp of the knowledge of diabetes diet in observation group immediately after education and 6 months after education were better than those in control group,t=3.07,3.06,P<0.01.In the follow-up evaluation after 6 months of intervention,fasting blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin were (6.84±0.79) mmol/L,(6.83±0.36) % in observation group and (7.56±0.93) mmol/L,(7.67±0.87) % in control group.The indices in observation group were significantly better than those in control group,t=-4.17,-6.32,P<0.01.Conclusions Using the error-correction education mode can correct the false dietary behavior of patients and improve the effect of the diabetic dietary education more effectively.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288002


OBJECTIVE To assess the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of susceptibility genes of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with liability to gout among ethnic Han Chinese males from coastal region of Shandong province. METHODS Seven SNPs within the susceptibility genes of T2DM, including rs10773971(G/C) and rs4766398(G/C) of WNT5B gene, rs10225163(G/C) of JAZF1 gene, rs2069590(T/A) of BDKRB2 gene, rs5745709(G/A) of HGF gene, rs1991914(C/A) of OTOP1 gene and rs2236479(G/A) of COL18A1 gene, were typed with a custom-made Illumina GoldenGate Genotyping assay in 480 male patients with gout and 480 male controls. Potential association was assessed with the chi-square test. RESULTS No significant difference was detected for the 7 selected SNPs in terms of genotypic and allelic frequencies (P > 0.05). When age and body mass index (BMI) were adjusted, the 7 genetic variants still showed no significant association with gout. CONCLUSION The genotypes of the 7 selected SNPs are not associated with gout in ethnic Han Chinese male patients from the coastal region of Shandong province. However, the results need to be replicated in larger sets of patients collected from other regions and populations.

Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Ethnology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Genetics , Ethnicity , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Gout , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide