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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882936

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the application effect of traditional position and oblique supine lithotomy in percutaneous nephroscopy combined with ureteroscopy combined with double lithography, and explore the clinical nursing methods of oblique supine lithotomy.Methods:From January 2018 to January 2019 in our hospital, 82 patients with complicated calculi who underwent percutaneous nephroscopy combined with ureteroscopy and double lithoscopy were selected, and were divided into the control group ( n=40) and the observation group according to the random number table ( n=42). The control group took the lithotomy position after anesthesia, placed the ureteral stent tube and changed it to the prone position to complete the operation; the observation group placed the oblique supine lithotomy position to complete the operation after anesthesia, and there was no need to change the position during the operation. The posture time, blood pressure, heart rate, pulse oxygen, blood transfusion, bleeding, postoperative postural comfort and complications of the two groups were compared. Results:When placed in the position and at the end of the operation, the blood pressure of the control group was (109±31), (106±23) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and the heart rate was (93 ±10), (95±15)times per minute; the blood pressure of the observation group was (130±19), (125±17)mmHg, the heart rate was (86±12), (85±9) times per minute, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t value was 2.86-4.26, P<0.01). The posture time of the observation group was (12.4±3.0) min and the control group was (21.2±6.9) min with statistically significant difference between two groups( t value was 7.550, P<0.01). The number of uncomfortable patients in the observation group after operation was 3 cases and 7 cases occurred in the control group. The difference was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 2.450, P<0.05). Conclusion:It is safe and feasible to use the oblique supine lithotomy position in double -lens combined stone removal, which can reduce the patient's discomfort and complications, and effectively improve the surgical efficiency and quality.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 424-429, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869395

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a Soochow University model of comfortable medical procedures during peri-anesthesia period for patients undergoing radical resection of lung cancer through thoracoscope.Methods:In this prospective study, eight hundreds and sixty patients undergoing radical resection of lung cancer through thoracoscope were enrolled in our hospital in 2018.During peri-anesthesia period, the 860 patients were randomly(by the random number table method)divided into the control group(the group C receiving routine medical procedures, n=430)and the comfort group(the group S receiving the comfortable medical procedures of Soochow University model, n=430). The scores of Visual Analogue Scale(VAS), Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale(RASS), and Thirsty Analogue Scale(TAS)were recorded at 5 min after extubation(T1), at out of the post-anesthesia care unit(T2), at 1 h(T3), 6 h(T4), 12 h(T5), 24 h(T6), 2 d(T7)and 3 d after surgery(T8)in two groups.The incidences of postoperative sore throat(POST), nausea and vomiting(PONV), catheter-related bladder discomfort(CRBD), thirst and hypothermia were recorded at T2, T6 and T8, respectively.Meanwhile, the peri-anesthesia comfort questionnaire(PCQ)and peri-anesthesia satisfaction questionnaire(PSO)were completed at T6 and T8.Results:The incidences of POST(48.6% vs.16.2%), PONV(24.9% vs.13.0%), CRBD(78.8% vs.20.9%)and thirst(74.9% vs.20.0%)were higher in the group C than in the group S at T2( P<0.05). The comfort score and satisfaction score were lower in the group C than in the group S at T6(3.14±1.04 vs.4.92±1.42, 2.67±0.89 vs.3.30±1.01)and at T8(3.84±1.83 vs.5.05±1.77, 2.74±0.84 vs.3.26±1.06)( P<0.05). Conclusions:The Soochow University model of comfortable medical procedures during peri-anesthesia period for patients undergoing radical resection of lung cancer through thoracoscope has been successfully constructed, and this model can reduce the incidence of complications, and improve the comfort and satisfaction during peri-anesthesia period.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868139

ABSTRACT

Objective:To further understand the current status of diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis in China, the implementation of guideline in different levels of hospitals, and the need for continuing education in endometriosis among primary doctors.Methods:The survey was conducted in the form of convenience sampling questionnaire among the Wechat public platform. The doctors were free to participate in the investigation without any reward. All questions answered were assessed as valid questionnaire. The datas were collected on the questionnaire network platform and analyzed by SPSS 19.0.Results:Totally 1 494 valid questionnaires were collected in this survey. 60.17% (899/1 494) of them were from tertiary hospital, and 32.60% (487/1 494) were from grade two hospital. Only the hospitals where 9.97% (149/1 494) participants based opened the specialist clinic for endometriosis. 70.35% (1 051/1 494) of participants said they had read the second edition of guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis which published in 2015. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) staging system was adopted in the clinical practices of only 25.03% (374/1 494) participants. And 18.74% (280/1 494) participants used the endometriosis fertility index (EFI) scoring during the laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis with infertility. 45.18% (675/1 494) of participants said they had not attended any academic conference on endometriosis in the past six months. 64.46% (963/1 494) of the participants believed their diagnosis and treatment in practice should be improved and standardized. 87.15% (1 302/1 494) of the participants expressed the hope that more conferences or workshops on endometriosis would be held.Conclusions:At presents, the diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis in China has been greatly improved, but the implementation of guidelines and the new concept is still a long-term job. The specialist clinic are held only in a few hospitals. It’s the expectation and voice of primary doctors to the association to organize the more academic congresses on endometriosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775245

ABSTRACT

In recent years, surgical and non-surgical excision and drug therapy have replaced hysterectomy as the main therapeutic modalities for adenomyosis. It is suggested that the precise clinical diagnosis should be based on the reconstruction of digitized three-dimensional model with original image data of adenomyosis. Patients' age and clinical manifestations should also be considered, and the patients should be stratified according to reproductive requirements, so as to determine the best treatment. In view of the infiltration and diffuse growth of adenomyosis lesions in the myometrium of the uterus, it is suggested that long-term drug management should be adopted after surgical or non-surgical lesion resection.Gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists, levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system, dienogest and short-acting oral contraceptives should be recommended to consolidate the curative effect in order to delay the progress of the disease and prevent recurrence.


Subject(s)
Adenomyosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Recurrence
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775244

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (Mirena) in the treatment of adenomyosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 75 patients with adenomyosis who had Mirena insertion in Women's Hospital,Zhejiang University School of Medicine from September 2013 to December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were followed up to 39 months. The efficacy and adverse effects were assessed.@*RESULTS@#Pictorial Blood Loss Assessment Chart (PBAC) scores were decreased significantly after Mirena insertion both in patients with menorrhea (118±13 vs. 29±33, 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mirena is effective and safe in the long term management of adenomyosis, but about one third patients may require further treatment because of the expulsion or ineffectiveness of Mirena.


Subject(s)
Adenomyosis , Female , Humans , Intrauterine Devices, Medicated , Reference Standards , Levonorgestrel , Reference Standards , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775243

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the efficacy of second generation endometrial ablation (NovaSure) combined with levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (Mirena) in the treatment of adenomyosis.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of patients with adenomyosis admitted in Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among 66 patients, 44 received Mirena placement only (control group) and 22 received Mirena placement and NovaSure treatment (study group). The menstruation blood loss, dysmenorrhea score, uterine size, expulsion rate of Mirena and the patients' satisfaction rate were assessed in two groups.@*RESULTS@#There was a significant reduction in menstruation blood loss (0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#NovaSure can improve the efficacy of Mirena in treatment of adenomyosis.


Subject(s)
Adenomyosis , Therapeutics , Dysmenorrhea , Endometrial Ablation Techniques , Female , Humans , Levonorgestrel , Organ Size , Retrospective Studies , Uterus
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775242

ABSTRACT

Drug therapy plays an important role in alleviating the symptoms related to adenomyosis, improving the curative effect of surgery, delaying the progress of disease and promoting assisted reproduction. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the first choice to control pain associated with adenomyosis, and are the only choice for patients with recent fertility requirements; steroid hormones, gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists and mifepristone can effectively relieve pain and control uterine bleeding, among which oral contraceptives, levonorgestrel-releasing intranterine system (Mirena) and dienogest are more effective and commonly used in clinic. Drug selection should be based on patient's age, symptoms, uterine size, fertility requirements and economical conditions. At present, there is no specific drug for adenomyosis, and symptoms are easy to recur after drug withdrawal, so the long-term drug use needs further study.


Subject(s)
Adenomyosis , Drug Therapy , Disease Management , Female , Humans , Recurrence
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775299

ABSTRACT

In addition to regulating calcium and phosphorus metabolism to maintain strong bones, vitamin D also has immune regulating and anti-inflammatory effects. Moreover, it is related to chronic inflammatory diseases, autoimmune diseases and cancer. Many studies indicate the roles of vitamin D in the development and progression of endometriosis including the effects on modulation of immune responses, inflammation reactions, cell proliferation and apoptosis, angiogenesis, adhesion and invasion. Vitamin D supplementation can relieve pain and improve endometrial receptivity associated with endometriosis and play a preventive and therapeutic role. This paper summarizes the roles of vitamin D in endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , Endometriosis , Endometrium , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Vitamin D , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775298

ABSTRACT

A large number of studies have shown that the oxidative imbalance is common in patients with endometriosis. Abnormal respiratory chain of mitochondrial, estrogen metabolism imbalance, iron overload, and ectopic foci may increase active oxygen, reduction of antioxidant enzyme and non-enzymatic substances may result in decreased antioxidant level, and the exposure to environmental hazards may further aggravate oxidative imbalance in patients with endometriosis. This article analyzes the oxidative imbalance and its role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis from the aspects of excessive oxide production and decreased antioxidant capacity.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Metabolism , Endometriosis , Female , Humans , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707782

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the levels of coagulation and inflammatory factors in women with moderate and severe ovarian endometriosis so as to investigate the possible role of coagulation and inflammatory factors in the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of this disease. Methods From June 2015 and June 2017,clinical data of 366 patients with pathologically diagnosed moderate and severe ovarian endometriosis (case group) and 244 patients with pathologically diagnosed benign ovarian cysts (control group)in Women′s Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine were retrospectively analyzed.The levels of coagulation indicators, inflammatory factors and serum tumor markers were measured. Then, the values of these indicators in diagnosis of endometriosis were analyzed. Results(1)The levels of plasma prothrombin time(PT)and thrombin time(TT)in patients with ovarian endometriosis [median: 12.8 s (range:12.4-13.2 s)and 15.5 s(range:15.1-15.9 s),respectively]were significantly shorter than those with benign ovarian cysts[median:13.0 s(range:12.5-13.4 s)and 15.7 s(range:15.3-16.1 s),respectively;all P<0.01].The levels of plasma fibrinogen(FIB)and D-dimer[D-D;median:3.1 g/L(range:2.8-3.5 g/L)and 0.9 mg/L(range:0.6-2.1 mg/L),respectively]in patients with ovarian endometriosis were significantly higher than those with benign ovarian cysts[median:2.8 g/L(range:2.6-3.2 g/L)and 0.6 mg/L(range:0.4-1.2 mg/L), respectively; P=0.000]. Moreover, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio(NLR)and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio [PLR; median: 2.3 (range: 1.8-3.1) and 144 (range: 113-179), respectively] in patients with ovarian endometriosis were significantly higher than those with benign ovarian cysts [median: 2.1 (range: 1.6-2.8) and 128 (range: 104-165), respectively; P<0.01]. Furthermore, in patients with ovarian endometriosis, the levels of PT were significantly shorter in stage Ⅳ endometriosis than that in stage Ⅲ endometriosis (P<0.05).The levels of FIB and PLR in patients with stageⅣendometriosis were significantly higher than those in patients with stage Ⅲ endometriosis(P<0.01).(2)The cut-off value of CA125was 27.2 kU/L with a sensitivity of 83.6%,the cut-off value of FIB was 3.1 g/L with a sensitivity of 53.2%,while the sensitivity of combination index(FIB×CA125)was 84.9%.Conclusion The abnormality of coagulation and inflammatory factors may be involved in the pathogenesis of moderate and severe ovarian endometriosis,and the detection of coagulation and inflammatory factors may be have important clinical significance for the diagnosis and treatment of moderate and severe ovarian endometriosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667106

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and efficacy of hysterosopic management of typeⅡcesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) and the value of prophylactic uterine artery embolization (UAE). Methods Totally 104 patients with typeⅡCSP treated with hysteroscopic surgery at the Women′s Hospital,School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, during Jan. 2009 to Jun. 2016 were analyzed retrospectively, 67 patients combined with UAE (UAE group) and 37 patients without combined with UAE (non-UAE group). Laparoscopy or sonography guidance was conducted simultaneously.The following clinical parameters were compared, including: primary cure rate, uterine packing rate, uterine perforation rate, hemoglobin level change,the time for the mass absorption and the return of β-hCG to normal,complications,hospital days and hospital stay cost.Results Median gestational age,size of mass,thickness of the anterior myometrium and β-hCG level in UAE group versus non-UAE group were 47 versus 47 days,30 versus 30 mm,2 versus 2 mm, 36 524 versus 32 226 U/L(all P>0.05).Out of 104,100 patients were managed successfully with hysteroscopic surgery, and 4 patients transformed to laparoscopic or laparotomy surgery. Hysteroscopic surgery was effective in 63 out of 67 patients(94%)in UAE group and 34 out of 37 patients(92%)in non-UAE group(P>0.05). There was no significant differences regarding uterine perforation rate, uterine packing rate, hemoglobin change and recovery time between UAE group and non-UAE group (all P>0.05). The median hospital day was 7 days in UAE group versus 5 days in non-UAE group(P<0.01).The median hospital stay cost was 13 654 yuan in UAE group versus 9 108 yuan in non-UAE group (P<0.01). Serious complication occurred in 4 patients (6%, 4/67) in UAE group and 2 patients (5%, 2/67) in non-UAE group (P=0.906). Conclusions Hysteroscopic surgery is effective and safe for patients with typeⅡCSP in the first trimester with size≤30 mm in diameter and gestation age<7 weeks.The value of prophylactic UAE is uncertain.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514504

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the indication and safety of surgical resection of the pregnancy by hysterotomy (SRPH) and hysterectomy for cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). Methods A retrospective study of women with CSP was conducted at the Women′s Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, from Jan. 2003 to Mar. 2016. The women underwent SRPH (SRPH group, n=35) and hysterectomy (Hysterectomy group, n=14) were included. The gestational age (GA), size of gestational mass(GM), level of serum β-hCG, previous treatments and clinical outcomes were analyzed. Results The median GA, the mean size of GM, median serum β-hCG level, median amount of blood loss, rate ot blood transfusion, rate of persistent CSP, and rate of motal status in SRPH group versus Hysterectomy group were 66 versus 84 days, (65 ± 22) versus (92±36) mm, 23755 versus 802 U/L, 400 versus 650 ml, 11%(4/35) versus 13/14, 49%(17/35) versus 12/14, 20% (7/35) versus 14/14, respectively (all P<0.05). In SRPH group, median amount of blood loss was 500 ml in patients with GA≥10 weeks versus 300 ml in patients with GA<10 weeks (P<0.05). Serious complication occurred in 7 patients: severe pelvic inflammation in 1 patient and hematomas in the uterine isthmus in 1 patient in SRPH group; severe pelvic inflammation in 2 patients and hemorrhagic shock and DIC in 3 patients in Hysterectomy group. No blaader damage occurred. Conclusions SRPH is effective and safe for patients with CSP with GA of 9-10 weeks, a diameter of 60-90 mm and stable hemodynamics. Hysterectomy is an alternative to SRPH for patiens in motal status with advanced GA more than 12 weeks.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239566

ABSTRACT

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition plays an important role in the development and progression of endometriosis. Mesenchymal-epithelial transition is involved in forming localized lesions of endometriosis, while EMT is involved in the injury, repair and fibrosis induced by local inflammation of endometriosis and the process of cell invasion and metastasis. The studies of signal transduction pathway and related proteins of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in the process of endometriosis may provide new targets for diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Endometriosis , Pathology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Physiology , Female , Fibrosis , Humans , Inflammation , Signal Transduction , Physiology
14.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 463-466, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468764

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize immunodominant protein combinations for serological screening for Cblamydia trachomatis (Ct) infection.Methods Both serum and genital swab samples were collected from 50 patients with Ct infection confirmed by colloidal gold immunochromatographic assay (GICA),and 30 GICA-negative clients without Ct infection at a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital.The 30 serum samples from GICA-negative clients were also negative for microimmunofluorescence (MIF) assay.Eight Ct immunodominant proteins,including Pgp3,CPAF,CT143,CT101,CT694,CT875,CT813 and IncA,were selected as antigens to detect corresponding antibodies in the serum samples by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with the Ct proteins Hsp60 and major outer membrane protein (MOMP) as references.The results of ELISA were compared with those of the traditional gold standard method MIF assay to determine the immunodominant protein combination with the highest sensitivity and specificity.Results Of the 50 serum samples from patients with Ct infection,44 were positive and 6 negative by MIF.The results of ELISA with the combination of immunodominant proteins Pgp3,CT694 and CT875 as antigens were 97.73% (43/44) consistent to those of MIF assay.Of the 30 serum samples from GICA-negative clients,all were negative by MIF.Meanwhile,no antibody was detected against any of the immunodominant proteins Pgp3,CT694 and CT875 in any of the serum samples from GICA-negative clients.Conclusions The ELISA with the combination of immunodominant proteins Pgp3,CT694 and CT875 as antigens has good sensitivity and specificity for serological screening for Ct infection,and is simple to operate and easy to popularize.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466901

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of two different anaesthesia methods in removing the tracheobronchial foreign bodies in children.Methods This was a retrospective study with 56 hospitalized children through fiberoptic bronchoscope foreign body removing since September 2010 to July 2013 in Gansu Provincial Maternity and Child-Care Hospital.All of the children whose age from 8 months to 11 years were diagnosed of tracheal-bronchial foreign body.Among 56 cases,30 cases were operated with deep sedation anesthesia(deep sedation anesthesia group),and 26 cases with general anesthesia(general anesthesia group).The clinical effect of the two kinds of anesthesia were compared.Results The success rate of foreign bodies in deep sedation anesthesia group and general anesthesia group were 83.33% and 96.15% respectively (P > 0.05),there were no statistical differences in oxygen desaturation (86.67 % vs 92.31%),cyanosis(30.00% vs 26.92%),bleeding (16.67% vs 15.38%),fever (6.67% vs 3.85%),voice hoarse (40.00% vs 34.62%),vomiting (26.67 % vs 19.23 %),and other complications between two groups (P > 0.05,respectively).There were significant differences in the rate of choking cough(11.54% vs 93.33%) and resistance (0 vs 73.33%) between general anesthesia group and deep sedation anesthesia group (P < 0.05).Compared with the deep sedation anesthesia group,the average hospitalization cost[(4 718.73 ± 1 012.61) (¥) vs (4 050.25 ± 1 176.75) (¥)] was bigger,and the average setup time [(18.54 ± 3.46) min vs (6.50-± 1.70) min] was longer,but the average removal of foreign body time [(13.32 ± 6.38) min vs (39.52 ± 15.68) min] was smaller in general anesthesia group,there were significant differences between two groups(P < 0.05,respectively),while there was no statistical difference in the average hospitalization days [(5.46 ± 1.65) d vs (5.67 ± 1.65) d] between two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusion Compared with the deep sedation anesthesia,the success rate of removal foreign bodies is higher,and the removal foreign body time as well as comfort are all significantly improved through general anesthesia,but the average hospitalization cost and average preparation time of general anesthesia are bigger than those of deep sedation anesthesia.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322104

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To characterize unknown glycometabolic state in patients with essential hypertension (EHT) and normotensive patients and determine which EHT patients are candidates for oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This cross-sectional study consecutively recruited 895 EHT patients and 486 normotensive patients. The data including blood glucose, blood pressure, blood lipids, angiography profiles, and left ventricular parameters were collected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>OGTTs performed in all patients revealed that the prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism (AGM) was significantly higher in EHT patients than in normotensive patients at both baseline (P<0.001) and post-OGTT analysis (P<0.001). In total, 76.4% of the individuals with impaired glucose tolerance and 78.2% of individuals with newly diagnosed diabetes would have remained undetected if OGTTs had not been performed. Newly diagnosed AGM was significantly correlated with the presence and severity of coronary stenosis and left ventricular structure abnormalities and dysfunction. EHT patients with fasting glucose ≥5.6 mmol/L, hypertension duration exceeding 10 years, coronary artery disease, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein >3 mg/L, or high levels of apoB/apoA-1 ratio were at high risk of AGM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>AGM is more common in patients with EHT than in normotensive patients, and OGTTs is a cost-effective strategy to detect AGM in EHT patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Glucose Metabolism Disorders , Metabolism , Glucose Tolerance Test , Humans , Hypertension , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252605

ABSTRACT

Endometriosis (EMs) is a common gynecologic disease that affects women's physical and mental health seriously. The pathogenesis is still unknown and the mechanism of endometriosis-associated pain remains unclear. Mast cells (MC) are known to be multifunctional players in the immune system. Recent studies have shown that nerve fibers in EMs lesions can release neural peptides such as nerve growth factor and substance P to induce MC degranulating and releasing histamine, proteases, cytokines, chemokines etc., which contributes to the development of pain and hyperalgesia in patients with endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Endometriosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Female , Humans , Mast Cells , Metabolism , Nerve Growth Factor , Metabolism , Pelvic Pain , Pathology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427064

ABSTRACT

Interventional pulmonary procedures performed by flexible bronchoscopy has been widely used in the adult clinics.However,pediatric interventional pulmonary procedures are different from adult in anesthesia methods,equipment,technology and so on.At present.it is more limited.This review showed the experiences of pediatric bronchoscopy in Taipei Veterans General Hospital of Taiwan,China.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421121

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate safety and efficacy of hysteroscopy in treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy(CSP).Methods From Aug.2003 to Dec.2011, 33 cases with CSP treated by hysteroscopy guided by transabdominal ultrasound or laparoscopy were studied retrospectively in Women's Hospital,School of Medicine, Zhejiang University.The clinical characteristics including gestational age, myometrial thickness anterior to the CSP, β-hCG level before treatment,success rate, cure rate, operative time, blood loss, time of serum β-hCG resolution and CSP mass clearance, and complication were collected and analyzed.Results Median gestational age was 54 days (range, 37 - 140 days).Median level of β-hCG before treatment was 15 000 U/L( range,3.3 - 151 747 U/L).Mean thickness of anterior myometrium was 3.3 mm.Twenty-nine cases underwent uterine artery embolism (UAE) before hysteroscopy.Pouch in the anterior uterine isthmus with gestation masses implanted were observed in 30 cases (91%, 30/33 ).CSP masses progressed toward the pouch or uterine cavity in all cases was removed by cutting wire loop electrode combined with curettage.The mean operative time was (34 ± 10) minutes.Both success rate and cure rate were 94% ( 31/33 ) .Salvage methotrexate ( MTX ) therapy was administrated in one case.Complication occurred in three cases (9%, 3/33 ).Both massive hemorrhage rate and hysterectomy rate were performed in two cases (6%, 2/33).No uterine perforation occurred.The mean time of hCG resolution was (22 ± 10)days.The mean time of CSP mass clearance was (21 ± 12) days.Four pregnancies were achieved in four cases:one term pregnancy and three abortions.No recurrent CSP occurred.Conclusion Management of CSP by hysteroscopy combined with UAE is safe and effective.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389945

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the quality of literatures and the accuracy of ultrasonography in diagnosis of deeply infiltrating endometriosis(DIE).Methods The database of Medline (1966 to 2009), the excerpta medica database (EMBASE, 1980 to 2009), Chinese biological medicine on disc (CBMdisc, 1978 to 2009), China national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI, 1979 to 2009) and VIP for Chinese technology periodical database (VIP, 1989 to 2009) Cochrane library of studies about the diagnosis of ultrasound for DIE were searched and analyzed.Quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS) items were used to evaluate the quality of literatures.The sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio(+ LR), negative likelihood ratio (-LR) ,diagnostic test odds ratio (DOR) for the pooled analysis and heterogeneity test were analyzed for transvaginal ultrasonography(TVUS), transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) and rectal endoscopic sonography(EUS) by Meta-disc software, and drew the summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curves for those without heterogeneity.Results Totally 15 literatures in English were enrolled into this study.The positive rate of 10 items of QUADAS were above 60%, whereas that of the 11th item "Were the reference standard results interpreted without knowledge of the results of the index test" was 46.7% ;none of studies had mentioned the 13th item " Were uninterpretable/intermediate test results reported".All researches had no heterogeneity by explored threshold effect.The results of pooled sensitivity, specificity, + LR, - LR, DOR were 0.925,0.986, 30.036,0.107, 299.25 for TRUS, 0.799,0.944,11.972,0.187, 69.126 for transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS), and 0.635,0.928,8.022, O.320, 39.606 for EUS, respectively.Area under the curve of EUS was 0.9479, and that of TVUS was 0.9246.Conclusions TRUS,TVUS and EUS all showed optimal value in diagnosis of DIE.The bias identified from the 15 studies might be mainly resulted from reference standard review bias.

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