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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507941

ABSTRACT

Objective]The paper summarizes the academic thoughts and clinical experience of Professor HAN Xinmin for treating Tic Disorders from view of wind-phlegm. [Methods] By learning from Professor HAN Xinmin, recording the relevant cases and analyzing typical cases, to sum up the knowledge of etiology and pathogenesis, treatment characteristics, as well as list one proved case. [Results]Professor HAN Xinmin holds that this disease origins from liver, involving lung, spleen and kidney. The key pathogenesis is the internal stir of wind and phlegm. Treatment follows the principles of dispelling pathogenic wind and eliminating phlegm, along with suppressing hyperactivity liver qi, dispersing lung qi, regulating spleen and tonifying kidney. The self-ordained Chinese herbal medicine prescription has achieved a satisfactory clinical curative effect. [Conclusion]Therapies of Professor HAN Xinmin on treating Tic Disorders have significant effect, which have the value of popularization and application.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610300

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences in behavior characteristics among SHR, WKY and SD rat models of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and explore an ideal control model of SHR rats.Methods Using open field test to analyze the rat movement distance, speed, wearing numbers and the number of grooming to evaluate the spontaneous movement in SHR, WKY and SD rats.Using the Morris water maze to test the learning and memory ability among the three rat groups.Results The result of open field test showed that the SHR rats had significantly increased (P< 0.01) total amount of exercise, average speed and wearing numbers than WKY and SD rats.Compared with the WKY rats, SD rats had a significantly higher movement distance (P< 0.01), slightly higher movement speed and wearing number (P< 0.05).In the Morris water maze hidden platform period test, the SD rats had a significantly longer latency than the SHR rats (P< 0.05).SD rats showed longer latency distance on the first, third and fourth days of training, as compared with the SHR rats (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01).Compared with the WKY group, SD rats showed a shorter latency distance in each training time (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01).In the probe trial period, the SD rats showed shorter time and distance ratio to the target quadrant than SHR rats (P< 0.05), while significantly longer than the WKY rats (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01).Conclusions There are significant behavioral differences between SHR and WKY rats, showing certain disadvantages in comparison of the two types of rats.To add SD rats as a control group for SHR rats can improve the comparability of behavior characteristics of SHR rats, and to get more objective evaluation of the behavior characteristics of SHR rats.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609577

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of parenting style and behavior on children with allergic asthma.Methods From July to December in 2016,a total of 60 children with allergic asthma,who were from Jiangsu Province Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Jiangsu Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine,were selected as the asthma group.Another 60 normal children from kindergarten and primary school were selected as the healthy group.Achenbach child behavior checklist (CBCL) and parenting style questionnaire were used to evaluate the behavior and parenting style of the two groups.The Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) of the two groups were also collected.Results (1) The scores of dotage,autocracy,inconsistence of parenting style in asthma group ((14.95±4.95),(22.23±4.69),(13.43±3.80))were higher than those in healthy group((11.68±3.69),(16.47±4.16),(11.07±3.32))and the differences were significant (all P<0.05).The scores of democracy,indulgence in asthma group ((38.92 ± 5.37),(18.12± 4.54)) were lower than those in healthy group((41.35±3.62),(19.88±3.41)),and the differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05).(2) The scores of attention,socialization,aggression and withdrawal of child behavior in asthma group ((7.35±3.55),(3.85±2.17),(11.57±5.30),(3.40±2.65))were higher than those in healthy group((3.38±2.81),(2.52± 1.52),(6.98±4.77),(2.02± 1.63)),the differences were statistically significant(all P<0.01).There was no significant difference between the two groups in the dimension of discipline(P>0.05).(3) The FeNO index of asthma group((32.27± 14.27) × 10-9 mol/L) was higher than that of healthy group ((11.10± 1.88) × 10-9 mol/L) and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.01).(4)Logistic regression analysis showed that the attention(B=0.38,OR=1.47,95% CI =1.27-1.70,P<0.01),dotage(B=0.19,OR=1.20,95% CI =1.06-1.37,P<0.01) and autocracy(B=0.24,OR=1.27,95% CI =1.14-1.42,P<0.01)had significant effects on allergic asthma.Conclusion Attention,dotage and autocracy are the risk factors to influence the control level of allergic asthma.This should arouse the attention of clinicians and parents.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668977

ABSTRACT

[bjective]The paper summarizes the academic thoughts and clinical experience of Professor HAN Xinmin for treating Hp related anorexia in preschool children.[Methods] By learning from Professor HAN Xinmin, recording the relevant cases and analyzing typical cases, to sum up the knowledge of etiology and pathogenesis, treatment characteristics, as well as list one proved case.[Results] Professor HAN Xinmin holds that this disease is caused by exogenous damp heat, and the pathogenesis is damp heat invading the spleen and stomach. There are two kinds of syndromes: dampness heat trapping spleen and spleen deficiency dampness retention. The treatment emphasizes the clearing away heat and dampness and moving the spleen for good appetite. Huo Pu Xia Ling Decoction and Yun Pi Kai Wei Decoction have achieved a satisfactory clinical curative effect. [Conclusion] Therapies of Professor HAN Xinmin in treating Hp related anorexia in preschool children have significant effect, which has the value of popularization and application.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665927

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association rules of behavior problems and parenting styles in asthmatic children. Methods The database was established with the data of behavior problems and paren-ting styles of 202 allergic asthma children.Based on the algorithm of Apriori,the relativity between these be-havior problems and parenting styles was mined.314 healthy children of the same age were selected as the control group. Results (1)The differences in behavior problems between asthmatic group and control group were significant,which includes attention(7.63±3.44 vs 4.03±3.01),sociality(4.10±2.14 vs 2.86± 1.67),aggression(11.74±5.10 vs 6.63±4.26)and flinch(3.03±1.58 vs 2.06±1.38)(all P<0.01),while the difference in offence between two groups was not significant(P>0.05).The differences in parenting styles be-tween asthmatic group and control group were significant,including spoiledness(15.26 ± 4.16 vs 10.88 ± 3.29),indulgence(22.47±4.68 vs 16.59±4.12),discrepancy(13.54±3.50 vs 11.92±3.35)and democracy (35.08±5.25 vs 39.76±4.80)(all P<0.01),while the difference in autocracy was not significant between two groups(P>0.05).(2)There were multi-positive associations among these behavior problems of asthmatic children as followed.There were positive associations between the cognitive impairment(such as attention) and social impairment(including flinch,aggression and sociality),(each support>10%,confidence>0.60,lift>1.20,the value of correlation coefficient between(1,+∞)).(3)There were multiple associations between behavior problems and parenting styles of asthmatic children as followed.There were negative associations be-tween democracy and behavior problems(the value of correlation coefficient between[0,1)),and there were positive associations among indulgence、spoiledness,discrepancy and these behavior problems(the value of correlation coefficient between(1,+∞)).Conclusion There are positive associations among these behavior problems of asthmatic children,and there are multi-associations between behavior problems and parenting styles.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487078

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the research status of TCM therapy for ADHD in China in recent ten years; To provide references for clinical workers. Methods Clinical research papers about TCM therapy for ADHD in CNKI, VIP, and CBM from 1st January 2005 to 1st April 2015 were retrieved. Metrology analysis was conducted from the aspects of publication time, diagnostic criteria, contrasted medicine, and types and features of TCM therapy. Results By eliminating duplication literature, 670 papers were screened out. After the screening of exclusion criteria, 148 papers were included. DSM-Ⅳ and CCMD-3 were the most commonly used diagnostic criteria in the 148 papers; internal therapy was the main therapy in TCM therapy; decoction was the main dosage form; liver-kidney yin deficiency syndrome and heart-liver fire syndrome were the main patterns of syndrome; Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata and other 19 Chinese medicinal herbs were the main Chinese mateia medica; Xiaoer Zhili Syrup was the most commonly used Chinese patent medicine; acupuncture and moxibustion and auricular point therapy were the main external therapy, and external combined with internal therapy had the best efficacy. Conclusion TCM therapy for ADHD is with high effectiveness. External combined with internal therapy has the best efficacy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484140

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce an improved extraction method of prefrontal cortical and striatal synaptosomes from SHR rat. Methods Synaptosomes were prepared from SHR rat brain tissue by Percoll density gradient centrifugation.Transmission electron microscopy was used to assess the morphology and structural integrity of the synaptosomes.Results The obtained synaptosomes showed oval structures surrounded by an intact membrane.Presynaptic components contained one or more mitochondria and a large number of synaptic vesicles.The synaptic clefts were clearly visible, and prominent part of the characteristic compact structure was clear, complete and with higher electron-density. The synaptosome presynaptic membrane, synaptic cleft, and postsynaptic membrane were well preserved, and the synaptosomes were densely distributed, showing typical morphological characteristics of synaptosomes.Conclusions The results of our study improved the traditional preparation method and provide a less time-consuming, highly productive protocol for preparation of structurally typical and intact synaptosomes, suitable for further research on neuroscience and neurological diseases.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446145

ABSTRACT

This article reviewed the effects of acupuncture on structure and function of central nervous system (CNS). Acupuncture is effective on motor function and ability of learning and memory. The mechanism is complex, including cerebral blood flow, pathomorphism, energy metabolism, free radicals metabolism, cell apoptosis, synaptic connections, and expression of neurotrophic factor, etc.

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