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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 177-183, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483451


Objective To explore the angiogenesis&neovascularization effects of naringin treatment in ovariectomized rats’fracture healing. Methods Upper 1/3 transverse tibial fracture model 4 weeks later after ovariectomized were estimated and randomly divided into the naringin group and control group. Microfil perfusion technique was used to analysis the angiogene?sis situation at two weeks after bone fracture. HE staining was used to evaluate the level of angiogenesis&neovascularization of tis?sue from histological point of view. The relative expression of VEGF in the callus was identified by real?time polymerase chain re?action. Immunohistochemical technique was used to observe the vessel endothelial growth factor?2 in the callus of the two groups. Maximum fracture load was tested by three?point bend test. Results The vascular volume and vascular density were more in nar?ingin group than control group. The HE staining of the 2 week group slices shows that the VA, VN2 of the unit of high magnifica?tion vision of the naringin group was significantly larger compared to the control group. Real?time PCR revealed that the compara?tive expression of VEGF is more in naringin group than in control group; the positive number of VEGFR?2 is more in naringin group than in control group. Naringin can promote the maximum load of the callus. Conclusion Naringin can promote ovariecto?mized rats’angiogenesis&neovascularization in the early process of fracture healing. It may be act on the signaling pathway of VEGF/VEGFR?2.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457376


BACKGROUND:With the development of biochemistry and cel biology, fracture has being study deeper, blood supply has been known to be an important factor influencing the fracture healing. Endothelial progenitor cel s with good ability of angiogenesis wil have a good clinical prospect in fracture healing. OBJECTIVE:To review the recent research of endothelial progenitor cel s in fracture healing. METHODS:A computer-based online search of CNKI, Wanfang, PubMed databases was performed to col ect articles published between 1980 and 2014 with the key words“endothelial progenitor cel , fracture, neovascularization, angiogenesis”in Chinese and English. A total of 48 articles addressing endothelial progenitor cel for angiogenesis in fracture healing were included in result analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Increasing evidence has shown that endothelial progenitor cel s have great ability of neovascularzition and angiogenesis. Endothelial progenitor cel s used in tissue engineering scaffolds can promote the survival rate of scaffolds in vivo, which is appropriate to a great part of delayed union and nonunion patients. However, the large-scale treatment with endothelial progenitor cel s stil has many problems, such as isolation, culture and amplification of endothelial progenitor cel s in vitro, the number of transplanted cel s and selection of scaffolds for transplanted cel s, which need further research.