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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 567-573, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993477

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of radiation-based sarcopenia in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).Methods:A total of 185 clinical and imaging data of patients with MM admitted to Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from September 2009 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The area of the erector spinae muscle and the area of fatty infiltration (FI) in the fascial compartment were measured by Image-pro Ρlus software, and the area of the fat-free erector spinae muscle and the fat infiltration rate (FI%) were calculated. Sarcopenia was defined as an erector spinae area of less than 3 197 mm 2 in males and 2 895 mm 2 in females. The differences in gender, age, body mass index, disease duration, hemoglobin, leukocytes, platelets, albumin, serum calcium, lactate dehydrogenase, serum creatinine, alkaline phosphatase, M-protein, serum β 2-microglobulin, bortezomib chemotherapy, receipt of stem cell transplantation, osteopathy, stage, recurrence and progression of MM between the sarcopenia group and the normal muscle group were compared. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of sarcopenia in MM patients. Kaplan-Meier curves were drawn to compare the survival rates between the two groups. Results:53.0% (98/185) of MM patients were complicated with sarcopenia: there were 30 males, whose fat-free erector spinae area was 25.0±6.0 cm 2, the FI of erector spinae was 12.0±4.8 cm 2, and the FI% was 31.5%±12.0%, while there were 68 females, whose fat-free erector spinae area was 22.7±4.2 cm 2, the FI of erector spinae was 10.7±4.1 cm 2, and the FI% was 30.2%±9.8%. 47.0% (87/185) of MM patients had normal muscle mass: there were 62 males, whose fat-free erector spinae area was 40.6±6.5 cm 2, the FI of erector spinae was 9.3±4.8 cm 2, and the FI% was 17.9%±7.4%, while there were 25 females, whose fat-free erector spinae area was 33.6±5.1 cm 2, the FI of erector spinae was 9.9±3.0 cm 2, and the FI% was 21.9%±5.7%. There were statistically significant differences in the gender composition ratio (χ 2=30.47, P<0.001), hemoglobin ( t=-2.73, P=0.007), serum creatinine ( Z=-2.26, P=0.024), receipt of stem cell transplantation (χ 2=4.32, P=0.038), and MM recurrence and progression (χ 2=3.85, P=0.050) between the two groups. However, there were no significant differences in age, body mass index, course of disease, leukocytes, platelets, albumin, alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase, serum calcium, M-protein, serum β 2-microglobulin, bortezomib chemotherapy, osteopathy or MM stage ( P>0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that female was an independent risk factor for sarcopenia in MM patients. The survival rates at 2, 3, 4, and 5 years were 87.9%, 71.8%, 64.4%, and 53.7% in the sarcopenia group, and 92.1%, 75.8%, 66.8%, and 66.8% in the normal muscle group, respectively, with no statistically significant differences ( HR=0.71, P=0.364). Conclusion:The incidence of radiation-based sarcopenia in MM patients is 53.0%. Low hemoglobin and blood creatinine levels, not receiving stem cell transplantation, and recurrence or progression of MM are associated with sarcopenia in MM patients, and female is an independent risk factor for sarcopenia in MM patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 123-127, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494197

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the selection of operative method and peri operative managements for osteoporotic femoral intertrochanteric fracture in elderly patients aged over 75 years.Methods A total of 132 consecutive patients aged 75-91 years with osteoporotic intertrochanteric fractures from July 2009 to July 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.47 patients were treated with dynamic hip screw (DHS group),44 patients with proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA group) and 41 patients with Gamma Ⅲ nail (Gamma Ⅲ group).The peri-operative managements,operation circumstance,the time for fracture union,postoperative complications and the degree of functional recovery were analyzed and compared between the 3 groups.Results The mean surgical time was shorter in Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups than in DHS group [(68.7±9.1) min,(80.5±11.3) min vs (112.2±18.4) min,both P<0.01].The mean blood loss was less in the Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups than in DHS group[(156.9±18.5) ml,(183.4±21.3) ml vs (296.2±29.6) ml,both P<0.01].The mean time for fracture healing was shorter in Gamma [Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups than inDHSgroup [(12.6±2.4) weeks,(13.1±2.4) weeks vs (15.3±3.2) weeks,both P< 0.05],and it has no obvious difference between Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups (P>0.05).There were significant differences in postoperative complications between Gamma Ⅲ nail,PFNA groups and DHS group (2 cases,3 cases vv 11 cases,P<0.05,respectively).The mean Harris hip score had no significantly difference among DHS,Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups (87.4±11.6,90.2±13.0 vs 88.9±12.3,both P>0.05).Conclusions The 3 operative methods for stable intertrochanteric fracture are feasible and effective in elderly patients,but for unstable intertrochanteric fractures,the treatment with Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA has advantages.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 988-994, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496915

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the possibility of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) bone cement as the carrier for lipophilic drugs through in vitro cytotoxicity study and molecular modeling with PMMA and 17-allylamino-17-demethoxy-geldanamycin (17-AAG) loaded PMMA bone cement.Methods The 17-AAG loaded bone cement was made by mixing method.In vitro antitumor activity with MTT assay for PMMA,17-AAG,the 24 h and 48 h released solution of 17-AAG loaded PMMA bone cement were evaluated.Through Material Studio 5.0,the interaction between 17-AAG and PMMA through the model of Amorphous Cell and energy optimization of Forcite was explored.Results The inhibition ratio of MMA for tumor cells is 9.21%±0.06% with 50 μmol/L.The 24 h released solution of 17-AAG loaded PMMA bone cement (17-AAG∶ PMMA=1∶ 4 000) inhibits the tumor cells 66.15%±0.43% which has a quick released influence on 17-AAG.The inhibition of 24 h released solution of 17-AAG-loaded PMMA bone cement (17-AAG∶PMMA=1 ∶ 1 000,1∶2 000) shows no significance compared with PMMA released solution (P<0.05).The 48 h released solution of 17-AAG-PMMA (17-AAG∶ PMMA=1∶ 1 000,1∶2 000,1∶4 000) inhibits U26630.25%±4.47%,30.24%±3.42%,50.52%±5.20%,with a significant difference with PMMA.The molecular model showed that the interaction between 17-AAG and PMMA was van der Waalz bonds,which drove 17-AAG inside or on the surface of PMMA bone cement.Conclusion PMMA bone cement can be used as a carrier for lipophilic drugs.It has antitumor activity and influences the release of 17-AAG with different ratio,for example it has a sustained-released influence on 17-AAG in 17-AAG-PMMA (17-AAG∶PMMA=1 ∶ 1 000,1∶2 000).Molecular model implies that 17-AAG exists inside or on the surface the PMMA bone cement through van der Waalz bonds.

4.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547411

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To study the pertinency of position of the lesser trochanter and lateral shaft of femur for internal fixation of fracture of the lesser trochanter.[Method]One hundred and twenty thigh bones were taken X-ray films on normotopia and lateral position,anatomical observation and measurement of the the lesser trochanter were completed with angel and length relative to lateral shaft of femur.[Result]Vertical axis length of the lesser trochanter was 26.38?2.44 mm and transverse diameter was 15.61?1.49mm.Its retroverted angle was 17.66??10.56?and uptilted angle was 26.33??3.33?.[Conclusion]The appropriate position in fixation of the fracture of the lesser trochanter is the point on the besctor of the lateral cortex of the femur on level of the lower of the lesser trochanter.Its retroverted angle is 10?-15?and uptilted angle is 25?-30?.The length of the screw is 45-50 mm,it is beneficial to design the plate in femur with the data.

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