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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of definitive repair surgery on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with bile duct injury after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).@*Methods@#The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 181 patients with bile duct injury caused by LC for benign gallbladder diseases who underwent definitive repair surgery and 50 patients without complications after LC for benign gallbladder diseases in the Mianyang Central Hospital from January 2000 to December 2017 were collected. There were 82 males and 99 females of 181 patients with bile duct injury, aged from 31 to 68 years, with an average age of 47 years. Definitive repair surgery was performed according to different types of bile duct injury, and questionnaire of HRQOL was conducted preoperatively and one year after operation. There were 18 males and 32 females of 50 patients without complications after LC, aged from 35 to 69 years, with an average age of 41 years. Questionnaire of HRQOL was conducted on LC patients without complications one year after operation. Observation indicators: (1) classification of bile duct injury; (2) intraoperative situations of definitive repair surgery; (3) postoperative situations of definitive repair surgery; (4) follow-up; (5) results of the SF-36 scale assessment. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination and telephone interview up to December 2018. Patients were reexamined liver function and color Doppler ultrasonography once every 6-12 months, and further magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) or computed tomography examination to detect recurrence of anastomotic biliary stricture and cholangitis. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as Mean±SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the paired t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range), and count data were described as absolute numbers.@*Results@#(1) Classification of bile duct injury: of the 181 patients with bile duct injury, there were 64 cases of E1 type, 70 cases of E2 type, 35 cases of E3 type, 9 cases of E4 type, and 3 cases of E5 type. (2) Intraoperative situations of definitive repair surgery: all the 181 patinets with bile duct injury underwent definitive repair surgery successfully, including 61 undergoing end-to-end biliary anastomosis, 109 undergoing Roux-en-Y choledojejunostomy, 11 undergoing hemi-hepatectomy combined with Roux-en-Y anastomosis. There were 52 patients combined with hilar cholangioplasty. The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss of 181 patients were (190±126) minutes and 601.5 mL (range, 150.0-2 100.0 mL). There were 24 cases with blood transfusion and 18 cases with T-tube stent. (3) Postoperative situations of definitive repair surgery: 40 of 181 patients had complications, including 14 cases of incisional infection, 10 cases of bile leakage, 8 cases of perihepatic effusion, 7 cases of pulmonary infection, and 1 case of abdominal hemorrhage. The patient with postoperative abdominal hemorrhage underwent reoperation for hemostasis, and other patients with complications were cured after ultrasound-guided puncture and drainage or conservative treatment. Duration of postoperative hospital stay of 181 patients with bile duct injury was 12.6 days (range, 6.0-34.0 days). There was no perioperative death occurred. (4) Follow-up: 157 of 181 patients were followed up for 8.2-201.3 months, with a median follow-up time of 92.7 months. Twenty-eight patients had anastomotic stricture recurred, 16 of which were treated with reoperation, 10 were treated with endoscopic stent implantation, and 2 cases were treated with balloon dilatation in interventional department; the stricture was repaired again in all cases. Thirteen patients had recurrent cholangitis, showing no obvious anastomotic stricture on MRCP, and symptoms can be effectively controlled after conservative treatment. (5) Results of the SF-36 scale assessment: 181 patients with bile duct injury completed the SF-36 scales before definitive repair surgery, and 157 completed one year after definitive repair surgery. All the 50 patients without complications completed SF-36 scales one year after LC. The scores of HRQOL in physiological function, role functioning, somatic pain, general health, vitality, social function, emotional function, mental health, the scores of physical component summary, and mental component summary of 181 patients with bile duct injury before surgery were 79±15, 65±12, 40±17, 42±14, 59±20, 27±15, 48±23, 56±22, 60±11, and 56±11, respectively. The above indices one year after definitive repair surgery were 87±10, 78±15, 71±20, 64±20、68±19, 70±25, 67±21, 69±23, 71±13, 68±15, respectively. The above indices of 50 patients without complications one year after LC were 90±13, 81±20, 87±16, 72±20, 73±15, 86±17, 79±22, 77±19, 82±18, 79±18, respectively. The 181 patients with bile duct injury had significant elevation in above indices one year after definitive repair surgery (t=2.051, 2.016, 3.875, 3.014, 2.563, 3.225, 2.964, 2.357, 2.150, 2.203, P<0.05). The 50 patients without complications also had significant elevation in above indices one year after definitive repair surgery (t=2.817, 2.206, 3.641, 3.112, 3.202, 3.310, 3.011, 2.899, 2.150, 2.118, P<0.05). There were significant differences in the general health and mental health one year after definitive repair surgery between 181 patients with bile duct injury and 50 patients without complications (t=2.014, 2.011, P<0.05), and no significant difference in the physiological function, role functioning, somatic pain, vitality, social function, or emotional function between the two groups (t=0.852, 0.915, 0.907, 1.102, 1.284, 1.120, 0.863, 1.109, P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Definitive repair surgery can significantly improve HRQOL in patients with bile duct injury caused by LC.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797914

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study hemihepatectomy combined with a circular-stretching suturing technique in bile duct anastomosis in treatment of high level bile duct injuries (BDI).@*Methods@#From January 2000 to January 2018, eleven patients with high level BDI caused by laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) were treated in Mianyang Central Hospital with hemihepatectomy combined with a circular-stretching suturing technique in the bile duct anastomosis. The hilar confluence was involved in all these patients. A total of six patients had combined right hepatic artery injury with 1 having associated right portal vein injury. A total of five patients had developed right liver atrophy. The median time interval from LC to hepatectomy was 17.0(2.0~61.0) months. The number of previously attempted biliary repairs was 1~4 times (median 2 times). The bile duct anastomosis was performed by the circular-stretching suturing technique.@*Results@#There was no perioperative death. One patient underwent left hemihepatectomy and 10 patients right hemihepatectomy. Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was carried out in 9 patients, and bile duct end-to-end anastomosis in 2 patients. The operation time was (245.9±87.4) min, intraoperative blood loss (655.7±413.6) ml, and the median postoperative hospital stay 12.0(7.0~29.0) days. Five patients developed complications. The median follow-up was 47.0(15.0~89.0) months. One patient developed anastomotic stenosis and 1 patient had cholangitis. The remaining 9 patients were well.@*Conclusion@#After adequate preoperative preparation, patients who were treated with hemihepatectomy combined with the circular-stretching suturing technique for bile duct anastomosis to treat high level BDI achieved good results.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791477

ABSTRACT

Objective To study hemihepatectomy combined with a circular-stretching suturing technique in bile duct anastomosis in treatment of high level bile duct injuries (BDI).Methods From January 2000 to January 2018,eleven patients with high level BDI caused by laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) were treated in Mianyang Central Hospital with hemihepatectomy combined with a circular-stretching suturing technique in the bile duct anastomosis.The hilar confluence was involved in all these patients.A total of six patients had combined right hepatic artery injury with 1 having associated right portal vein injury.A total of five patients had developed right liver atrophy.The median time interval from LC to hepatectomy was 17.0 (2.0 ~ 61.0) months.The number of previously attempted biliary repairs was 1 ~ 4 times (median 2 times).The bile duct anastomosis was performed by the circular-stretching suturing technique.Results There was no perioperative death.One patient underwent left hemihepatectomy and 10 patients right hemihepatectomy.Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was carried out in 9 patients,and bile duct end-to-end anastomosis in 2 patients.The operation time was (245.9 ± 87.4) min,intraoperative blood loss (655.7 ±413.6) ml,and the median postoperative hospital stay 12.0(7.0 ~29.0) days.Five patients developed complications.The median follow-up was 47.0(15.0 ~ 89.0) months.One patient developed anastomotic stenosis and 1 patient had cholangitis.The remaining 9 patients were well.Conclusion After adequate preoperative preparation,patients who were treated with hemihepatectomy combined with the circularstretching suturing technique for bile duct anastomosis to treat high level BDI achieved good results.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823835

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of definitive repair surgery on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with bile duct injury after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).Methods The retrospective case-control study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 181 patients with bile duct injury caused by LC for benign gallbladder diseases who underwent definitive repair surgery and 50 patients without complications after LC for benign gallbladder diseases in the Mianyang Central Hospital from January 2000 to December 2017 were collected.There were 82 males and 99 females of 181 patients with bile duct injury,aged from 31 to 68 years,with an average age of 47 years.Definitive repair surgery was performed according to different types of bile duct injury,and questionnaire of HRQOL was conducted preoperatively and one year after operation.There were 18 males and 32 females of 50 patients without complications after LC,aged from 35 to 69 years,with an average age of 41 years.Questionnaire of HRQOL was conducted on LC patients without complications one year after operation.Observation indicators:(1) classification of bile duct injury;(2) intraoperative situations of definitive repair surgery;(3) postoperative situations of definitive repair surgery;(4) follow-up;(5) results of the SF-36 scale assessment.Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination and telephone interview up to December 2018.Patients were reexamined liver function and color Doppler ultrasonography once every 6-12 months,and further magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) or computed tomography examination to detect recurrence of anastomotic biliary stricture and cholangitis.Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as Mean±SD,and comparison between groups was analyzed by the paired t test.Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range),and count data were described as absolute numbers.Results (1) Classification of bile duct injury:of the 181 patients with bile duct injury,there were 64 cases of E1 type,70 cases of E2 type,35 cases of E3 type,9 cases of E4 type,and 3 cases of E5 type.(2) Intraoperative situations of definitive repair surgery:all the 181 patinets with bile duct injury underwent definitive repair surgery successfully,including 61 undergoing end-to-end biliary anastomosis,109 undergoing Roux-en-Y choledojejunostomy,11 undergoing hemi-hepatectomy combined with Roux-en-Y anastomosis.There were 52 patients combined with hilar cholangioplasty.The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss of 181 patients were (190±126) minutes and 601.5 mL (range,150.0-2 100.0 mL).There were 24 cases with blood transfusion and 18 cases with T-tube stent.(3) Postoperative situations of definitive repair surgery:40 of 181 patients had complications,including 14 cases of incisional infection,10 cases of bile leakage,8 cases of perihepatic effusion,7 cases of pulmonary infection,and 1 case of abdominal hemorrhage.The patient with postoperative abdominal hemorrhage underwent reoperation for hemostasis,and other patients with complications were cured after ultrasound-guided puncture and drainage or conservative treatment.Duration of postoperative hospital stay of 181 patients with bile duct injury was 12.6 days (range,6.0-34.0 days).There was uo perioperative death occurred.(4) Follow-up:157 of 181 patients were followed up for 8.2-201.3 months,with a median follow-up time of 92.7 months.Twenty-eight patients had anastomotic stricture recurred,16 of which were treated with reoperation,10 were treated with endoscopic stent implantation,and 2 cases were treated with balloon dilatation in interventional department;the stricture was repaired again in all cases.Thirteen patients had recurrent cholangitis,showing no obvious anastomotic stricture on MRCP,and symptoms can be effectively controlled after conservative treatment.(5) Results of the SF-36 scale assessment:181 patients with bile duct injury completed the SF-36 scales before definitive repair surgery,and 157 completed one year after definitive repair surgery.All the 50 patients without complications completed SF-36 scales one year after LC.The scores of HRQOL in physiological function,role functioning,somatic pain,general health,vitality,social function,emotional function,mental health,the scores of physical component summary,and mental component summary of 181 patients with bile duct injury before surgery were 79±15,65±12,40±17,42±14,59±20,27±15,48±23,56±22,60±11,and 56±11,respectively.The above indices one year after definitive repair surgery were 87±10,78±15,71±20,64±20、68± 19,70 ± 25,67 ± 21,69 ± 23,71 ± 13,68 ± 15,respectively.The above indices of 50 patients without complications one year after LC were 90±13,81±20,87±16,72±20,73±15,86±17,79±22,77±19,82±18,79 ± 18,respectively.The 181 patients with bile duct injury had significant elevation in above indices one year after definitive repair surgery (t=2.051,2.016,3.875,3.014,2.563,3.225,2.964,2.357,2.150,2.203,P<0.05).The 50 patients without complications also had significant elevation in above indices one year after definitive repair surgery (t=2.817,2.206,3.641,3.112,3.202,3.310,3.011,2.899,2.150,2.118,P<0.05).There were significant differences in the general health and mental health one year after definitive repair surgery between 181 patients with bile duct injury and 50 patients without complications (t =2.014,2.011,P<0.05),and no significant difference in the physiological function,role functioning,somatic pain,vitality,social function,or emotional function between the two groups (t=0.852,0.915,0.907,1.102,1.284,1.120,0.863,1.109,P>0.05).Conclusion Definitive repair surgery can significantly improve HRQOL in patients with bile duct injury caused by LC.

5.
China Oncology ; (12): 177-181, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490090

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:Liver cancer resection and splenectomy are the main methods to treat hepatocellular carcinoma and hypersplenism. The aim of this study was to discuss the safety and feasibility of simultaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) for the treatment of small hepatocellular carcinoma with hypersplenism.Methods:Twenty-seven patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhotic hypersplenism underwent RFA and LS. The clinical data were also analyzed.Results:The surgery was converted to an open surgery in 1 patient, while laparoscopic splenectomy in a hand-assisted manner was performed in 2 patients. There were 31 liver tumors treated with RFA. Blood loss were 110-900 mL (mean=320 mL). Operation time were 72-127 min (mean=107 min). Subcutaneous emphysema occurred in 1 patient, and pancreatic leakage in another patient. Nine patients developed ascites. one patient suffered from massive haemorrhage, and emergency operation was adopted to stop bleeding. This patient recovered well after operation. No death was found during the hospitalization. Conclusion:Combining RFA with LS for the treatment of liver cancer and hypersplenism is minimally invasive, safe, and feasible.

6.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1598-1600,1604, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604005

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether intravenous injection of hydrogen‐rich saline having the protective effect on sodium taurocholate induced severe acute pancreatitis(SAP) associated lung injury(APALI) in rats and its possible mechanisms .Methods Fifty‐four healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into sham‐operation group (Sham group) ,model group (SAP+ NS group) and hydrogen water treatment group (SAP + HRS group) ,and each group was subdivided into 6 ,12 ,24 h subgroups .Six rats were killed at each time point for collecting serum ,lung tissue and pancreas tissue .Serum TNF‐αand IL‐1βlevels ,lung wet /dry weight ratio ,expression of TNF‐αmRNA and IL‐1βmRNA in the lung tissue were detected .The pathological evaluation of pancreas and lung tissue injury was performed .Results (1)The levels of TNF‐α and IL‐1β in serum ,pancreas and lung tissue pathological scores ,TNF‐αmRNA and IL‐1βmRNA expression levels in the lung tissue and lung wet dry weight ratio at the time points of 6 , 12 ,24 h in the SAP+NS group and the SAP+ HRS group were higher than those in the sham group (P<0 .05) .(2) Compared with the SAP+NS group ,the levels of serum TNF‐α,TNF‐αmRNA expression level in the lung tissue and lung wet dry weight ra‐tio at all time points in the SAP+ HRS group were lower(P<0 .05);the levels of serum IL‐1β,pancreas and lung tissue pathologi‐cal score and IL‐1β‐mRNA expression at 6 h in the lung tissue had no statistical difference between the SAP+NS group and SAP+HRS group ,but which at time points of 12 ,24 h in the SAP+ HRS group were lower than those in the SAP+NS group(P<0 .05) . Conclusion HRS realize the protection on APALI possibly via its elective anti‐oxidation action for inhibiting oxidative stress injury related cytokines expression .

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