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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703209

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between gut microbiota and anti-dsDNA antibody in systemic lupus erythematosus(lupus)TC mice. Methods ELISA was performed to detect serum anti-dsDNA antibody in the lupus TC mice. Then,the feces of both dsDNA-positive and -negative mice were collected, and 16S rRNA of the stool sample was sequenced by Illumina HiSeq 2500 high-throughput sequencing,to analyze the relationship between gut microbiota and anti-dsDNA antibody level in the two groups. Results The result of ELISA and mouse fecal high-throughput sequencing showed that the species diversity of gut microbiota in the dsDNA-positive TC mice was significantly lower than that in the dsDNA-negative TC mice. The gut microbiota of TC mice in the two groups showed significant differences at different classification levels: Chloroflexi at phylum level, Betaproteobacteria, Deltaproteobacteria and Ktedonobacteria at class level,Burkholderiales,Desulfovibrionales and Ktedonobacterales at order level,Alcaligenaceae and Desulfovibrionaceae at family level,and Parasutterella and Desulfovibrio at genus level(P<0.05 for all). Conclusions The flora composition of gut microbiota in lupus TC mice is highly correlated with anti-dsDNA antibody. The results of our study provide a basis for further elucidation of the relationship between gut microbiota and the pathogenetic mechanism of systemic lupus erythematosus.

2.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1992-1995, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616802

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of HLA-B27 in disease activity and the clinical features of axial spondyloarthritis(SpA). Methods Clinical data of 112 patients with axial SpA was collected and studied prospectively. Clinical manifestations and laboratory examination results of 82 HLA-B27 positive and 30 HLA-B27 negative patients with axial SpA were analyzed. Data source was from Chinese Rheumatism Data Center. Results (1)The average age of onset of HLA-B27 negative patients was significantly later than that of the positive patients , and there was no significant difference in the course of disease and the proportion of male and female patients. (2)The ratio of severe lesion of hip ,peripheral arthritis ,attachment inflammation and systemic symptoms of HLA-B27 negative group were significantly lower than those of HLA-B27 positive group. Familial aggregation phenomenon,uveitis and spine radiology changes in two groups had no significant difference.(3)The changes of disease activity index including erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein increased in HLA-B 27 negative group was significantly lower than those in HLA-B27 positive group. Conclusion There is strong correlation between axial SpA and HLA-B27. The average age of onset of HLA-B27 negative patients was significantly later than that of the positive patients. HLA-B27 negative patients manifested severe symptoms and worse prognosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 179-181, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432124

ABSTRACT

Objective We reported 16 eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) patients with eosinophilic fasciitis and performed a systematic review of the literature to improve the disease awareness.Methods The clinical course of 16 patients with eosinophilic fasciitis at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital were described,inclu-ding demographic data,clinical manifest-ations,laboratory tests,pathology and treatment.Results The mean age at diagnosis was (47±8) years,with 13 female and 3 male patients.Three cases had exertion or strenuous sports before the onset of EF.Positive ANA was noted in 6 of 12,positive RF was noted in 3 of 10,hyper-gammaglobulinemia was noted in 6 of 7,elevated IgG was noted in 8 of 13,peripheral blood eosinophilia was noted in 10 of 16,while thrombocytopenia was found in one patient.Conclusion Based on this and other reported cases in the literature,EF may be a kind of autoimmune disease.Genetic influence and environ-mental factors are involved in the development of this disease.Systemic involvement is rare.In general,corticosteroids and immunosuppressive are effective in EF.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419401

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical data of diagnosis and treatment of Wegener' s granulomatosis (WG) in order to understand the nature of this disease. Methods The clinical data including clinical manifestations,laboratory findings imaging features,pathological changes and efficacy of treatment of 34 patients with WG admitted from January 2002 to March 2012 were analyzed.Results Of the 34 patients,male to female ratio was 18 to 16,and the average age subjected to WG onset was (45 ± 15)years old ranged from 18 to 81 years old.The average duration before the diagnosis confirmed was ( 140 ±72) mouths,while 29.4% was diagnosed within 3 months. The presenting symptoms included initial involvements in lung (41.1%),nose (38.2% ),eyes ( 11.7% ),ear (8.8% ) and constitutional symptoms such as fever (26.4% ). Throughout the whole disease course,the incidence of systemic impairments were as follows:lung (76.4%),nose (73.5%),kidney (67.6),eyes (58.5%),ear (47.0%),nervous system (41.1%),oral ulcer (20.5% ).Of laboratory findings,C - ANCA/PR3 -ANCA was positive in 61.7% patients,P - ANCA/MPO - ANCA positive in 20.5% patients,ANCA negative in 11.7% patients,P- ANCA positive with MPO- ANCA negative in one patient (2.9 % ) and C -ANCA positive with PR3 and MPO positive in one patient (2.9% ).Of imaging findings,nodules or masses were most commonly observed (34%), followed by fibrotic lesions (20.5% ), cavitations ( 17.6% )、opacities ( 17.6% ).Typically pathological triad ( vasculitis,necross and granuloma formation)was found in one patient ( 4.3% ),while two pathological changes of the triad occurred in 10 patients (43.4%). Pulmonary infection was highly prevalent (50%), and of them,20.5% patients were misdiagnosed as tuberculosis,malignancy or abscess.After admission,high dose of corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide were administered as bolus and maintenance therapy. Plasma exchange,intravenous immunoglobulin,and rituximab were added for refractory cases and optimal response were obtained in most cases.Conclusions Wegeners granulomatosis is a clinically complicated entity and sometimes can have progression,leading to misdiagnosis. Early and prompt use of steroids and cyclophosphamide may confer good therapeutic efficacy and avoid life -threatening complications.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422182

ABSTRACT

Objective To study glucose,creatinine,urea nitrogen and serum ET-1 of patients with acute cerebral infarction,and to explore the relationship between neurologic impairment and ET-1 levels.Methods The glucose,creatinine,urea nitrogen and serum ET-1 were retrospectively analyzed in 50 patients with acute cerebral infarction ( < 24 h) and 50 patients with non-neurological diseases.ET-1 determined by 125I radioimmunoassay.Results There were no significant differences in glucose,creatinine and urea nitrogen of acute cerebral infarction ( P > 0.05 ) ; Compared to the control groups,ET-1 levels was significantly higher ( P < 0.01 ),and levels of serum ET-1 in acute cerebral infarction were significantly correlated with their neurological deficits ( P < 0.01 ).Conclusions Levels of serum ET-1 can severd as diagnostic and prognostic indicator of acute cerebral infarction.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386572

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of oral administration of activated charcoal and mannitol on removing toxicant after acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning (AOPP). Method A total of 41 patients with severe AOPP were randomly divided into experiment group (activated charcoal used as adsorbent and mannitol used as cathartics, n =21)and control group (without adsorbent and cathartics, n = 20). Patients of both groups received routine treatment for AOPP after admission to hospital. The differences in duration of atropinization, the length of hospitalization and the success rate of treatment were compared between two groups. Results There were significant differences in duration of atropinization, the success rate of treatment and hospitalization time between the two groups. Conclusions The combination of activated charcoal and mannitol is more effective than the conventional gastric lavage on removal of organophosphorus pesticides from G-I tract, shorting the duration of atropinization time and hospital stays, and enhancing the success rate of rescue as well as improving the outcome of patients after organophosphorus pesticide poisoning.

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