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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 784-790, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796833

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the histological features and prognostic factors of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL).@*Methods@#The pathological data of 62 patients with AITL with complete follow-up information were retrospectively collected and analyzed from Changhai Hospital during September 2012 and September 2017. Histological and immunohistochemical (IHC) examination, in situ hybridization (ISH), and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) gene mutation analysis were done. Subgroup evaluation with histology, IHC, ISH, SNP gene mutation, and association with clinical progression were performed.@*Results@#The cohort included 62 cases of AITL, including 46 males and 16 females patients, with a median age of 64 years. Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) area showed significantly expansion (≥30%) in 40 cases; increased plasma cells (≥10%) was seen in 37 cases; B cells were distributed around blood vessels in 37 cases; and increased p53 mutation positive cells (≥40%) were seen in 39 cases; high Ki-67 index (≥40%) was seen in 39 cases; RHOA mutation was seen in 19 cases; TET2 mutation was seen in 9 cases. Overall survival analysis showed these factors were significantly correlated with tumor prognosis (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that CD38 positive cells<10%, Ki-67≥40%, RHOA and TET2 mutations were risk factors associated with overall survival.@*Conclusions@#AITL could be divided into two different prognostic groups, low-grade and high-grade, with statistically significance outcome, based on the FDC area expansion, degree of plasma cell proliferation, B cells distribution pattern combined with gene mutations and clinical progression. Low-grade malignant group progresses slowly, and high-grade malignant group is highly invasive.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807925

ABSTRACT

@#To synthesize the folic acid-alliinase conjugate(FA-Alliinase), and to study its targeting and antitumor activity on cervical cancer HeLa cells. FA-Alliinase I and FA-Alliinase II were synthesized by two methods. The couping ratios of two conjugates measured were 12 and 31, respectively. The FA-Alliinase II with high coupling ratio was selected and its structure was characterized preliminarily. The activity of alliinase retained about 50% in FA-Alliinase II determined by HPLC. The specific effect of FA-Alliinase II on HeLa cells was observed by confocal laser and flow cytometry. The antitumor activity of conjugate combined with alliin was determined by MTT, and IC50 of alliin was(127. 6±2. 3)μmol/L. This study provides a direct evaluation method for the synthesis and optimization of FA-Alliinase.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 25-31, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809790

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the role of PRDM1 gene inactivaion in the regulation of C-MYC in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to explore the correlation of its immunophenotype and prognosis.@*Methods@#100 cases paraffin-embedded DLBCL tissues were collected from January 2009 to December 2015 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University along with 20 cases of reactive proliferative lymph nodes as control. Immunohistochemical methods were used to detect the expression of CD20, CD10, MUM1, Ki-67, bcl-6, PRDM1/Blimp1, C-MYC and PAX5 protein. The tumors were classified into two subtypes according to Hans classification.The expression of PRDM1 and C-MYC gene in tumor group and control group was detected by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and the relationship between PRDM1 and C-MYC gene was analyzed.OCI-LY1 (GCB subtype) and OCI-LY3 (non-GCB subtype) cell lines were transfected with small interfering RNA by cationic liposome reagent transfection, and the expression of C-MYC in the transfected cell lines was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the prognostic significance of PRDM1/Blimp1 and C-MYC at protein and mRNA levels.@*Results@#There were 27 cases of GCB subtype and 73 cases of non-GCB subtype according to Hans classification. The positive expression of Blimp1 in DLBCL group and proliferative lymph nodes in control group was seen in 26(26.0%) and 20 cases(100%), respectively. There were 58 cases with high expression of PRDM1 at mRNA level, including 22 cases of GCB subtype and 36 cases non-GCB subtype, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.004). There were differences in PRDM1 gene expression between the two immunological subtypes, serum lactate dehydrogenase (serum LDH) level, presence of B symptoms, tumor primary sites and other clinical pathological parameters, while C-MYC expression was different in gender, IPI score, and serum LDH levels. Upon PRDM1/Blimp1 gene silencing in the two cell lines, C-MYC protein and gene expression were up-regulated in the transfection group, compared with the blank control group and negative control group by reverse transcription PCR and Western blot analyses. Moreover, PRDM1 expression was significantly associated with C-MYC(χ2=7.648, P=0.006) at mRNA level.@*Conclusion@#The up-regulation of C-MYC gene expression induced by PRDM1 inactivation in DLBCL may play an important role for the development of DLBCL.PRDM1 protein and mRNA are associated with immunophenotyping and PRDM1 mRNA is a marker of poor prognosis.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1262-1264, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514978

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the method for dissolution determination of Metoprolol tartrate tablets,and to evaluate the similarity of dissolution curves of generics and original drugs. METHODS:The paddle method was adopted with rotational the speed of 50 r/min,using pH 1.2 hydrochloric acid solution,pH 4.5 acetate buffer solution and pH 6.8 phosphate buffer solution as dissolution media. Fiber-optical drug dissolution real-time measurement instrument was used to determine the dissolution curves of generic and original Metoprolol tartrate tablets with optical distance of 10 mm. Similarity factor (f2) method was used to evaluate its similarity. RESULTS:In 3 dissolution mediums,the f2 of generic and original Metoprolon tartrate tablets were 80.5,66.8, 69.4,respectively,which indicated that the dissolution curves showed similarity. CONCLUSIONS:Established real-time dissolution process analysis method is suitabe for the dissolution determination of Metoprolol tartrate tablets. Generic and eriginal show the sim-ilarity in dissolation behavier,so they have good consistency in quality.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4299-4301, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503383

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the simultaneous determination of coumarin compounds in Yifu pill. METH-ODS:HPLC was performed on the column of Inertsil ODS-3 with mobile phase of acetonitrile-water(49∶51,V/V) at a flow rate was 1.0 ml/min,the detection wavelength was 320 nm,column temperature was 30 ℃,injection volume was 20 μl. RESULTS:The linear range was 5.16-206.4μg/ml for osthole (r=0.999 9),37.40-1 495.89μg/ml for isoimperatorin(r=0.999 9) and 9.95-318.34 μg/ml for columbianadin(r=0.999 9);RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were lower than 3.0%;recov-eries were 96.05%-103.19%(RSD=2.18%,n=9) for osthole,96.90%-103.09%(RSD=2.07%,n=9) for isoimperatorin, 95.50%-103.57%(RSD=2.15%,n=9)for columbianadin. CONCLUSIONS:The method is simple with good precision,stability and reproducibility,and can be used for the simultaneous determination of coumarin compounds in Yifu pill.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457783

ABSTRACT

A fluorescence quenching method was established for the determination of H2 S in intestinal perfusate by optical fiber sensing technology combined with micro sequential injection lab_on_valve (μSIA_lov). In the experiment, 100 μL of 0. 1 mol/L NaOH was used as the carrier, and 50 μL of 5. 0×10-5 mol/L fluorescein mercury and 50 μL of sample were selected for the determination. The detection flow rate at the flowcell was 25 μL/s. According to H2 S quenching fluorescence at 521 nm, the concentration of H2 S in the sample was determined. The detected concentration range of H2S was 5. 0×10-6-8. 0×10-5 mol/L, and the detection limit was 5. 4×10-7 mol/L. Detection result of H2S in intestinal perfusion was 3. 8×10-5 mol/L with 3. 1% RSD (n=3). This method can be used for the determination of H2S effectively in the samples, which lay the foundation for real_time online measurement of H2 S in biological samples.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 859-863, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278512

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinicopathologic features of small cell carcinoma of ovary, hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT) and to evaluate the diagnostic significance of loss of SMARCA4 expression.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinicopathologic characteristics of 5 cases of SCCOHT were reviewed. The expression of SMARCA4 protein was detected by immunohistochemistry in the cases of SCCOHT and 240 cases of other primary malignant tumors of ovary and peritoneum.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean and medium age of these patients was 30 years and 28 years, respectively. The presenting symptoms included abdominal pain, distention and a pelvic mass. Hypercalcemia was found in 3 patients. The maximum diameter of tumors ranged from 13.5 to 22.0 cm. Extraovarian spread was demonstrated in all of the patients on presentation. Histologically, the tumors were composed of closely packed small round cells with scanty cytoplasm, hyperchromatic nuclei and irregular chromatin clumps. The tumor cells grew in sheets, nests, cords or trabecular pattern. Follicle-like spaces were observed in 4 cases. Three of the tumors contained large cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. Spindle cell morphology was found in 1 case. There were 2 cases with myxoid or hyaline stroma. Four out of five of SCCOHT cases showed loss of SMARCA4 protein while only 6.3% (15/240) of the other primary malignant tumors of ovary and peritoneum , including undifferentiated carcinoma (1/5), high-grade serous carcinoma (4.6%, 5/109), endometrioid carcinoma (7.7%, 2/26), clear cell carcinoma (1/9), mucinous carcinoma (1/5), mixed carcinoma (4.9%, 3/61), carcinosarcoma (1/9) and high-grade serous carcinoma of peritoneum (1/9), were negative.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SCCOHT is a rare malignant tumor and often misdiagnosed as other types of ovarian small cell tumor. Loss expression of SMARCA4 protein is characteristic and facilitates the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of SCCOHT.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Adult , Carcinoma, Small Cell , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , DNA Helicases , Genetics , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Hypercalcemia , Pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism
8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 905-909, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278503

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expression level and clinical significance of miR-181c-3p and miR-5692b in esophageal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The microRNA (miRNA) profiles of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were analyzed by miRNA microarray in 55 cases of esophageal cancer. The expression levels of miR-181c-3p and miR-5692b from 55 pairs of tumor tissues and adjacent non-neoplastic tissues were determined by qRT-PCR analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both miR-181c-3p and miR-5692b were significantly up-regulated in tumor tissues compared with adjacent non-neoplastic tissues. Their expression was also significantly associated with tumor size, depth of invasion and clinical tumor stage (P<0.05). High expression of miR-181c-3p and miR-5692b were significantly associated with poor prognosis (P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis confirmed that high expression of miR-181c-3p and miR-5692b was poor prognostic indicators in esophageal cancer.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There are significant correlation between miR-181c-3p/miR-5692b expression, clinicopathologic parameters and prognosis. They represent potential prognostic biomarkers in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Genetics , Esophageal Neoplasms , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Prognosis , Up-Regulation
9.
China Oncology ; (12): 21-28, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439516

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: Breast cancer is a group of heterogeneous diseases which has racial disparities. Our study was to elucidate the clinicopathologic features of breast carcinoma in Shanghai Han and Xinjiang Uygur women and to analyze the racial differences. Methods: In this study, 125 cases of breast invasive ductal carcinoma of Shanghai Han women and 85 cases of Xinjiang Uygur women were collected. The clinical stage was analyzed. Histological grading was observed. Immunohistochemical staining of ER, PR, HER-2, CK5/6, CK14, EGFR, Ki-67 was performed. Molecular subtypes were studied. Results:The average age of onset of breast cancer in Xinjiang Uygur women was younger than in Shanghai Han women (P<0.05), and Xinjiang Uygur women were more likely to be diagnosed at less than 35 years old (P<0.01). The proportion of stageⅠwas higher in Shanghai Han women (20.0%vs 8.2%), while the proportion of stageⅢwas higher in Xinjiang Uygur women (50.6%vs 27.2%) (P<0.01). The proportion of grade 2 was higher in Shanghai Han women (67.2% vs 43.5%), while the proportion of grade 3 was higher in Xinjiang Uygur women (47.1%vs 31.2%) (P<0.01). The proportion of luminal A subtype was higher in Shanghai Han women (36.8%vs 18.3%), while the proportion of basal-like subtype was higher in Xinjiang Uygur women (29.6%vs 12.0%) (P<0.01). The molecular subtype was associated with race and histological grade (P<0.05).Conclusion:There are racial differences in clinicopathologic features of breast carcinoma between Shanghai Han and Xinjiang Uygur women.

10.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 1491-1495, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458213

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method of simultaneously quantitative analysis for multi-components by single marker( QAMS)of galuteolin,apigenin-7-glucoside,7-methoxycoumarin,luteolin and apigenin in two species of Chamomiles from Xinjiang. Methods By using apigenin as the internal standard,the relative correction factors( RCF)of galuteolin,apigenin-7-glucoside,7-methoxycoumarin and luteolin were set and determined by UPLC. The contents of galuteolin,apigenin-7-glucoside,7-methoxycoumarin,luteolin and apigenin in 11 samples of Chamomiles were authentically determined by the external standard method,to verify the accuracy of QAMS. Results There is a good linear relationship within the range of standard curve for five compounds by the external standard method(r〉0. 999 3);the average recovery was 99. 7%,97. 5,98. 8%,100. 9%,99. 1%,for galuteolin,apigenin-7-glucoside,7-methoxycoumarin,luteolin and apigenin,respectively,with RSD as 1. 8%,0. 6%,0. 5%, 1. 8% and 1. 9%,respectively. The RCF for pigenin-7-glucoside,galuteolin,7-methoxycoumarin and luteolin to apigenin was 1. 441,2. 308,1. 117,1. 490,respectively,with RSD as 0. 07%,0. 04%,0. 09% and 0. 18%,respectively. No significant difference between the quantitative results by QAMS and external standard method was observed. Conclusion It is practical to determine content of galuteolin,apigenin-7-glucoside,7-methoxycoumarin,luteolin with RCF and apigenin by using external standard method,for the deficiency and expensive of the standard reference.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1475-8, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457241

ABSTRACT

The apparatus for intrinsic dissolution test recorded in United States Pharmacopeia (USP) integrating with fiber-optic drug dissolution test system (FODT) were used to real-time monitor intrinsic dissolution processes of alliin in four media which were water, solution of HCl with pH 1.2, buffer solution of acetate with pH 4.5, and buffer solution of phosphate with pH 6.8. The intrinsic dissolution rate (IDR) and the similarity factor (f2) of two intrinsic dissolution curves with two apparatuses were calculated. The IDR values of alliin with rotating disk system were 28.1.3, 33.55, 28.38 and 30.95 mg x cm(-2) x min(-1) in four media, respectively. And the IDR values of alliin with stationary disk system were 44.16, 47.07, 45.11 and 51.34 mg x cm(-2) x min(-1), respectively. The similarity factors were 56.42, 50.75, 40.30 and 40.64, respectively. The results showed that the intrinsic alliin dissolution rates were much greater than 1 mg x cm(-2) x min(-1). It inferred that alliin dissolution would not be the rate limiting step to absorption.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 522-527, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304460

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinicopathologic features, immunophenotype and molecular genetic changes of T lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) associated with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three cases of T-LBL associated with LCH were included. The morphologic characteristics were reviewed along with immunohistochemical profiling using EnVision method and TCR gene rearrangement by PCR. A review of composite lymphoma previously reported in the literature was performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All three patients were male with the mean age of 61.7 years. One was Hans and the other 2 were Uyguers. All presented with superficial lymph node enlargement. Biopsy of lymph node showed two abnormal cell populations: distended sinus by large, pale histiocytes with nuclear grooves, and the interfollicular region containing immature-appearing cells with irregular nuclei slightly larger than that of small lymphocyte, dispersed chromatin, inconspicuous nucleoli, scant cytoplasm, and scattered mitotic figures. These cells presented in aggregates and small sheets interspersed with normal-appearing lymphocyte. The histiocytes were positive for CD1a, S-100 protein and CD68. The lymphoma cells were positive for CD3, CD7, TdT and CD34. TCR-γ gene rearrangement was detected in one case by PCR technology. One case involved bone marrow with double phenotype acute leukemia. Amongst the 8 including 5 reported cases, there were 4 males and 4 females. The mean age of the patients and the median age were 54 years. Lymphoadenopathy was the most common presentation. Bone marrow was involved in 4 cases. The time of follow-up was 2 to 27 months. The median survival was 5.5 months and the one-year survival rate was 33.3%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Diagnosis of T-LBL and LCH should be based on typical morphology, immunophenotype and molecular genetic findings, with differential diagnoses including Langerhans cell hyperplasia originated from dermatopathic lymphadenopathy. When involving lymph node, extensive sampling supplemented by immunohistochemical staining is important to reach a correct diagnosis. Although coexistent T-LBL and LCH is clonally related, the understanding of its pathogenesis requires further investigation.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Pathology , Female , Gene Rearrangement , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Genetics , Pathology , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia , Genetics , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Pathology , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Pathology , Prognosis
13.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 546-550, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304455

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of Sox17 and β-catenin proteins in oligodendroglioma, and its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred cases of oligodendroglioma of different grades and 10 cases of surrounding benign tissue from First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from 2003 to 2013 were assessed by immunohistochemistry for Sox17 and β-catenin protein expression. The clinicopathologic characteristics and outcome of patients with oligodendroglioma were evaluated by Kaplan-Meien and Cox regression analyses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Sox17 was expressed in 10/10, 82% (41/50) and 62% (31/50) of normal control, oligodendroglioma and anaplastic oligodendroglioma, respectively. β-catenin was expressed in 2/10, 22% (11/50), and 52% (26/50) of normal control, oligodendroglioma and anaplastic oligodendroglioma, respectively. The differences of Sox17 and β-catenin expression between normal control and different types of oligodendroglioma were statistically significant. Univariate analysis showed that the expression of Sox17 protein (P = 0.000), β-catenin protein (P = 0.033), tumor position (P = 0.001), radiotherapy (P = 0.077), and chemotherapy (P = 0.000) were significant prognostic factors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Oligodendrogliomas with expression of Sox17 protein, but not β-catenin, have better prognosis. Evaluation of Sox17 and β-catenin protein expression is important for accurate pathological diagnosis, prognostication and guiding treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms , Metabolism , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Oligodendroglioma , Metabolism , Regression Analysis , SOXF Transcription Factors , Metabolism , beta Catenin , Metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 545-547, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439428

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of repairing soft tissure defects of shank by anterior tibial artery periosteal perforator flap.Methods Eleven patients received the operation using anterior tibial artery periosteal perforator flap after reversing 180° repairs soft tissue defects of the same shank.The defect after the flap transfer was closed by skin-grafting.Results All the flaps of these 11 cases were successful.The fellow-up time was 3 months to 2 years.All fractures healed,and the appearance and the skin's color were satisfied.Conclusion The operation using anterior tibial artery periosteal perforator flap repairs soft tissue defects of shank has lots of merits:it is handled easily and causes small trauma and retains anterior tibial artery.It has a good success rate.The flap is thin that has a good appearance.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 203-6, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382401

ABSTRACT

The paper is to report the development of an optic-fiber sensing technology method to analyze metronidazole tablets rapidly. In this fiber-optic sensing system, the light from source delivering to probe can be dipped into simple-handling sample solution, absorbed by the solution and reflected to the fiber-optic and detected in the detection system at last. Then the drug content can be shown in the screen from the ultraviolet absorption spectra and the consistency between that obtained by this method and that in China Pharmacopoeia can be compared. With regard to data processing, a new method is explored to identify the authenticity of drugs using the similarity between the sample map and the standard pattern by full ultraviolet spectrum. The results indicate that ultraviolet spectra of tablets can be obtained from this technology and the determination results showed no significant difference as compared with the method in China Pharmacopoeia (P > 0.05), and the similarity can be a parameter to identify the authenticity of drugs.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389020

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate curative effect in children with bronchial asthma by two treatment methods. Methods 100 children with bronchial asthma,according to the different treatment were divided into treatment group 50 cases and control group(50 cases). The first seconds vital capacity(FEV1),peak expiratory flow (PEF) ,vital capacity 25% of the instantaneous velocity (V75), vital capacity 50% of the instantaneous velocity (V50) ,vital capacity 75% of the instantaneous velocity(V25) and their percentage the percentage of predicted value were observed. Results Total effective of 43 cases(86.0%) in treatment group after treatment 4 weeks were higher than that in control group of 28 cases (56. 5 %) (x~2 = 3. 987, P < 0.05); The percentage of FEV1 and PEF in two groups after treatment 12 weeks were significantly higher than that before treatment(x~2 = 4. 01,4. 21,4. 31,4. 08, all P < 0.05), but it between the two groups was not statistically significant (x~2 = 2. 31,2. 41, all P > 0.05); The pulmonary function of V75 、V50、V25 in two groups after treatment 12 weeks reached projected value of more than 90% ;The pulmonary function of V75 、V50、V25 after treatment compared with those before treatment were improved significantly (x~2 =4.285,4.234,4.311,4.278,all P<0.05). Conclusion The curative effect of bronchial asthma were confirmed in two methods,but treatment group were better than the control group.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230836

ABSTRACT

The transport and capture of therapeutic magnetic particles in the human microvasculature is studied numerically. Taking into account the dominant magnetic and fluidic forces on the particles, we have shown in our study that the particles can be directed to and concentrated at the desired zone which is within a few centimeters from the surface of the body. In addition, we have analyzed the influences of the malignant tissue depth, of the nanometers-iron nuclide content in a particle, and of the blood flow velocity and blood vessel diameter upon the captured efficiency.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacokinetics , Biological Transport , Drug Carriers , Chemistry , Humans , Magnets , Chemistry , Microvessels , Metabolism , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Particle Size
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