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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 569-572, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869714


Bladder cancer is prone to recurrence and metastasis, and surgical treatment alone is often difficult to achieve the goal of clinical cure. While great progress has been made in the diagnosis and treatment of bladder cancer in our country, there are also problems of insufficient standardization of treatment, limited treatment options and insufficient postoperative follow-up, and the level of diagnosis and treatment varies greatly among different institutions. We should vigorously promote the full course treatment and personalized fine management with "early accurate diagnosis, multi-disciplinary comprehensive treatment and standardized follow-up rehabilitation" as the core content. We should pay attention to both comprehensive treatment of the disease and the psychological needs of patients, and improve the quality of life of patients, to achieve the goal of "curing the disease, curing the body, and healing the mind" . In terms of specific implementation paths, we should use the professional case management model, pay attention to multi-disciplinary collaboration, and make full use of the database and Internet platform to manage the entire process.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 619-625, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709572


Objective To acknowledge the NALP3 inflammasome expression and significance in the interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/PBS).Methods The urine of 16 IC/BPS patients and 16 normal persons was collected to measure the IL-1β content by ELISA.Bladder tissue of 16 IC/BPS patients and para-carcinoma tissue of 16 bladder cancer patients were collected.And the levels of NALP3,caspase1 and IL-1β were detected by Western Blot.60 female rats were randomly divided into control group(bladder was infused with 0.5 ml saline),hyaluronidase group [bladder was infused with 0.5 ml hyaluronidase (4 mg/ml)],NALP3 antagonist group [bladder was infused with 0.5 ml hyaluronidase (4 mg/ml) and Glyburide(10 mg/kg)] and mucosal protectant group [bladder was infused with 0.5 ml hyaluronidase (4 mg/ml) and sodium hyaluronate(0.8 mg/ml)] to carried out the animal experiment,and 15 rats in each group.The models were created by long-term (1 month) intermittent intravesical hyaluronidase infusion.Voiding patterns were investigated by cystometry.Toluidine blue staining was used to detected mast cell’s changes.The levels of NALP3,caspase-1 and IL-1β were determined by Western Blot,HE staining was to detect tissue inflammation of the bladder,and the severity of pain was examined by Von-frey brush by using the strength of 0.07、0.4、1.0 g.The comparison between the chemotaxis of 200 ng,400 ng IL-1β and 200ng SCF IL-1β to mast cells was checked by Transwell experiment.Results The expressions of IL-1β in IC/PBS patients was increased in IC/PBS group than normal control group [(381 ± 112) μg/L vs.(98 ± 40) μg/L,P <0.01].The expressions of NALP3,Caspase-1 and IL-lβ had increased in the IC/PBS group than normal group(0.22 ±0.08 vs.0.11 ±0.02,0.25 ±0.03 vs.0.10 ±0.01,0.19 ±0.04 vs.0.11 ± 0.02,P < 0.05)by Western Blot.In the IC/PBS rats,compared with the control group,the intercontraction intervals [(120.0 ± 15.6) s vs.(447.3 ± 24.6) s] and bladder capacity [(0.34 ± 0.02) ml vs.(1.33 ± 0.04) ml] of the model group were significantly decreased (both P < 0.05).In mucosal protectant group and NALP3 antagonist group,the intercontraction intervals [(323 ± 16.3)s,(280 ± 12.5)s] and bladder capacity [(1.14 ± 0.05) ml,(0.84 ± 0.04) ml] were increased compared with control group (P < 0.05).The amount of mast cell in model group were significantly increased than control group (3.4 ±0.8 vs.0.4 ± 0.2,P < 0.05) while in mucosal protectant group (1.8 ± 0.5) and NALP3 antagonist group (1.5 ± 0.7) were decreased compared with control group (P < 0.05).The protein levels in modle group of NALP3 (5.91 ±0.33 vs.1.00 ±0.12),caspase-1 (6.75 ±0.42 vs.1.00 ±0.22) and IL-1β(7.12 ±0.45 vs.1.00 ± 0.18)were increased than control group.In mucosal protectant group and NALP3 antagonist group,theNALP3 (2.921 ±0.21,2.07±0.18),caspase-1 (3.28 ±0.31,2.25 ±0.19) and IL-1β(3.33± 0.41,1.98 ±0.21) were decreased compared with control group.VonFrey pain score in model group were significantly increased than control group(0.07 g:7.5 ± 1.8 vs.2.1 ± 0.5,0.4 g:9.2 ± 1.9 vs.5.2 ± 1.1,1.0g:15.4±3.8 vs.6.8±1.5,P<0.05) and VonFrey pain score(0.07 g:2.4±0.3,2.8± 0.7;0.4 g:5.2 ±0.4,6.5 ±1.3;1.0 g:6.4 ±0.8,7.3 ±1.1;P<0.05) in NALP3 antagonist group were significantly decreased.In vitro,Transwell experimental results showed that 400 ng IL-1β of mast cell chemotaxis is similar with that of the 200 ng SCF (3 800 ±400 vs.4 800 ±500,P >0.05).Conclusions The levels of NALP3/Caspase-1/IL-1β in the urine of patients with IC/PBS were significantly higher than those in normal control group.NALP3 is activated in chronic cystitis rat model,and related to pain and frequent urination.This may be related to the down-regulation of expression of NALP3,caspase-1,IL-1β,and other inflammatory mediators,and blocking the chemotactic effects of IL-1 β on mast cells.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 495-499, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709551


Objective To compare split-cuff nipple and direct ureteroileal anastomosis during ureteroileal anastomosis.Methods Between December,2014 and March,2017,a prospective randomized study was conducted on 70 patients who underwent radical cystectomy and urinary diversion.In every patient,both ureters were randomized to be implanted using an antireflux,split-cuff nipple technique (group A) or a reflux,direct technique (group B).After pelvic lymph node dissection and radical cystectomy,a Mshape orthotopic ileal neobladder was constructed and two ureters were implanted with single-J tubes placed for 10-12 days.For split-cuff nipple technique,a 0.5 cm longitudinal incision in the ureter was made,and the ureteral wall was turned back on itself,construction a nipple.The cuff was stabilized at the corners with sutures.The ureter was then placed into the bowel with 0.5 cm nipple.The ureter was sutured to the full thickness of the bowel wall with interrupted 4-0 PDS.For direct technique,a 0.5 cm incision in the ureter was made,the full thickness of the ureter was sewn to the mucosa of the bowel.Results 70 patients were enrolled in the study,63 males and 7 females,(62.5 ± 10.4) years old.Over a median follow-up of 13.2 months,one patients had bilateral anastomosis stricture 3 months after operation,1 patient in group A had stricture 6 months after operation,2 patients in group B had stricture 6 and 12 months after operation,respectively.Six patients (8.6%) in group A found reflux compared with 21 patients (30.0%) in group B (P =0.004).The reflux pressure was (23.5 ± 9.0) cmH2O and (15.5 ± 4.9) cmH2O in group A and group B (P =0.042),respectively.The GFR of group A was (38.1 ± 7.6) ml/min compared with (38.6 ± 12.9) ml/min in group B at 12 months after operation.One patient in group A and four patients in group B had acute nephropyelitis.Four patients in group A had renal stones formation compared with 1 patients in group B.The time of anastomosis was (8.8 ± 3.5) minutes and (6.7 ± 1.5) minutes (P =0.037) for group A and group B,respectively.The patients in both groups had no urine leakage.Conclusion Compared with direct technique,split-cuff nipple technique had lower reflux rate,higher antireflux pressure and longer anastomosis time than direct technique.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 337-341, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609926


Objective To investigate the safety and efficacy of the modified laparoscopic radical cystectomy and standard pelvic lymph node dissection for female bladder cancer patients.Methods Fortyone female patients with bladder cancer who underwent laparoscopic radical cystectomy(LRC) and standard pelvic lymph node dissection(sPLND) in our hospital from June 2003 to January 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into two groups according to the surgical procedure.There were 15 patients with ≤ cT2 tumor and 1 patient with cT3 in the modified group.The average age was (62.2 ± 11.5) years.The median BMI was 20.7 kg/m2,ranging 18.4 to 22.2 kg/m2;The ASA level was less than Ⅱ in 9 (56.2%) cases and was level Ⅲ in 7 (43.8%) cases.There were 22 patients with ≤ cT2 tumor and 3 patients with cT3 in the traditional group.The average age was (60.4 ± 12.9)years.The median BMI was 21.7 kg/m2,ranging 18.4 to 23.1 kg/m2.ASA was less than level Ⅱ in 15(60.0%) cases and level Ⅲ in 10(40.0%) cases.All operations are performed under general anesthesia.In the traditional group,the plane between rectus and uterus is separated first.Then open the posterior cervical fornix and cut off the lateral bladder pedicle,cardinal ligament of uterus and urethra.The bladder and uterus are removed together.The sPLND is performed at last.In the modified group,the sPLND is performed first.Then separate the bladder and uterus until the anterior wall of the vagina can be exposed.The bladder and uterus are removed separately.Data of the operation and the complications were collected and analyzed.Results All patients were performed the operation successfully.No open conversion was recorded during the operation.No patient died during the peripheral operative phase.In modified group,10 patients received orthotopic ileal neobladder (OIN),5 patients received ileal conduit and 1 patient received ureterostomy.In traditional group,19 patients received OIN,3 patients received ileal conduit and 3 patients received ureterostomy.No significant difference of surgical method was noticed in those group.The median operative time in modified group and traditional group was 290 min (ranging 265-335 min) and 315 min (ranging 270-380 min),respectively(P > 0.05).The median estimated blood loss in modified group and traditional group was 100ml (100,100) and 200ml (200,400),respectively (P < 0.05).The rate of transfusion in modified group and traditional group was 6.3% (1/16) and 18.5% (5/27),respectively (P <0.05).The incidence of early complications between two groups showed no statistically difference.No major (Clavien grade 3 to 5) complications occurred in modified group.However major complications occurred in 3 patients in traditional group,followed by 2 neobladder vagina fistula,1 ileal anastomotic stoma fistula.All those complications were cured by operation.All patients were diagnosed urothelium carcinoma.In modified group,the tumor stage included carcinoma in suit in 2 cases,pTa-pT1 in 7 cases,pT2 in 6 cases,pT3 in one case.In traditional group,the tumor stage included pT1 in 12 cases,pT2 in 10 cases,pT3 in 3 cases.The numbers of resected lymph node in modified group and conventional group were 16 (ranging 7-19) and 10 (ranging 7-13),respectively (P > 0.05).Conclusions The modified laparoscopic radical cystectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection for female bladder cancer patients could reduce the blood loss and incidence of neobladder vaginal fistula comparing with the traditional operation.