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1.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 376-380, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989639

ABSTRACT

Normal human blood pressure has a unique "dipper type" rhythm, but various pathological factors will lead to abnormal nighttime blood pressure decline, seriously damage the target organs such as the heart, brain and kidneys, and significantly increase the incidence of cardiovascular events. Therefore, it is necessary to pay sufficient attention to rhythm disorder of blood pressure and intervene early. Modern Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) mostly understands the changes of rhythm of blood pressure from the view of the unity of nature and man, yin-yang theory and the theory of meridian flow, and study the syndrome distribution and TCM constitution law of rhythm disorder of blood pressure by combining TCM syndrome differentiation method and TCM constitution theory. TCM treatment can restore blood pressure rhythm and improve clinical symptoms and sleep quality of patients.

2.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 320-326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981545

ABSTRACT

In clinical practice, radiopharmaceutical dynamic imaging technology requires the bolus injection method to complete injection. Due to the failure rate and radiation damage of manual injection, even experienced technicians still bear a lot of psychological burden. This study combined the advantages and disadvantages of various manual injection modes to develop the radiopharmaceutical bolus injector, and explored the application of automatic injection in the field of bolus injection from four aspects: radiation protection, occlusion response, sterility of injection process and effect of bolus injection. Compared with the current mainstream manual injection method, the bolus manufactured by the radiopharmaceutical bolus injector based on the automatic hemostasis method had a narrower full width at half maximum and better repeatability. At the same time, radiopharmaceutical bolus injector had reduced the radiation dose of the technician's palm by 98.8%, and ensured more efficient vein occlusion recognition performance and sterility of the entire injection process. The radiopharmaceutical bolus injector based on automatic hemostasis has application potential in improving the effect and repeatability of bolus injection.


Subject(s)
Radiopharmaceuticals , Injections , Hand
3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 84-89, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To observe the effects of Xuesaitong soft capsule on the complement-inflammatory receptor system in patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy. METHODS A total of 92 patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy were divided into control group and observation group by random number table method ,with 46 cases in each group. Patients in the control group were given basic treatment programs (including low-salt and low-protein diet ,quitting smoking and alcohol ,appropriate exercise , lowering blood pressure ,blood sugar and lipid ,etc.). The patients in the observation group took Xuesaitong soft capsules orally on the basis of the treatment of the control group ,0.55 g each time ,3 times a day. The treatment course of both groups was 4 weeks. Compare the renal function of the two groups of patients [24 h urine protein quantification ,serum creatinine (Scr),blood urea nitrogen,glomerular filtration rate (GFR)],fasting blood glucose ,glycosylated hemoglobin ,complement factors [C3,C5, complement factor H (CFH),C5b-9],inflammatory factors [interleukin 1(IL-1),tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α),IL-6,monocyte chemoattractant protein- 1(MCP-1)],renal tubular injury markers [β2-microglobulin(β2-MG),retinol binding protein 4(RBP4), neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin] levels;correlation between renal tubular damage and complement-inflammatory receptor system was analyzed in the observation group before and after treatment. RESULTS Compared with before treatment ,24 h urine protein quantity ,Scr,C3,IL-1,TNF-α,MCP-1,β2-MG and RBP 4 of 2 groups were reduced significantly after treatment ,while GFR and CFH were significantly increased ;except for C 3,the observation group was significantly better than the control group (P< 0.05). C 5 of the observation group was significantly decreased after treatment and was significantly lower than the control group (P<0.05). There were no statistically significant 60979837。E-mail:shanght126@126.com differences in other indicators of the two groups before and after treatment and between groups (P>0.05). C 3,MCP-1 and TNF-α were significantly correlated with renal tubular com damage (P<0.05),and esp ecially C 3. CONCLUSIONS Xuesaitong soft capsule can reduce renal tubular damage in patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy and improve renal function by acting on the complement system and reducing inflammation.

4.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 342-345, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789114

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate effect of high dose irradiation on the performances of thermolumines-cence detectors (LiF:Mg, Cu, P). Methods The high-dose irradiated thermoluminescence detector was annealed by a thermoluminescence annealing furnace until the annealing was completed, and then the annealed thermoluminescent detector was irradiated 0.5Gy by 137Cs irradiator to verify the accuracy of the thermoluminescentdetector. Results The thermoluminescence detector after high-dose irradiation could not be completely annealed under the temperature condition of 240 ℃, and it could be completely annealed at a high temperature as 400℃. After 0.5 Gy irradiation by 137Cs irradiator, the measurement results of the annealed thermoluminescence detector were significantly smaller, and the dose response and dispersion of the detector were also changed significantly. Conclusions After a more than 5 Gy irradiation, the crystal structure of the thermoluminescence detector has changed, and a high temperature peak above 240 ℃ has appeared, which leads to the failure to completely anneal at normal temperature. Therefore, the thermoluminescence detector can no longer be used for dosimetry after high-dose irradiation.

5.
The Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology ; (12): 491-494, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493509

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of propofol exposure on neuroapoptosis in pri-mary cultured cortical neurons and its mechanisms.Methods Cortical neurons were primarily cultured for seven days,then divided into two groups:control group (treated with equal volume of 20% in-tralipid),propofol-treated group (treated with 500 μmol/L propofol).The neurons were treated for 12 h.The neuron viability was determined by MTT.Neuroapoptosis was identified by Hoechest 33 258 dying.Mitochondrial membrane potential was measured by the fluorescent dye rhodamine 123 (Rh123).Western blot was performed to detect the level of cyt-c and cleaved-caspase-3.Results Neu-rons survival rate (54.4%±6.4%)in the propofol group was significantly lower than that of control group (99.8% ± 4.1%) (P < 0.05 ), the rate of neuronal apoptosis (46.5% ± 5.3%) was significantly higher than that of control group (7.2%±0.9%)(P <0.05),mitochondrial membrane potential (59.6%±4.3%)was significantly lower than that of the control group (99.9% ± 5.7%) (P <0.05 ),cyt-C protein level (0.38 ± 0.03 )was significantly higher than that of control group (0.1 5±0.02)(P < 0.05 ),level of cleaved-caspase-3 protein level (0.46 ± 0.04)was significantly higher than that of control group (0.13±0.02)(P <0.05).Conclusion Propofol induces neuroapo-tosis in primary cultured cortical neurons,which is associated with the decreased level of MPP and the increase levels of cyt-c and cleaved-caspase-3.

6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 925-928, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476620

ABSTRACT

Objective 17β-estradiol is known to have a neuroprotective effect.The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 17β-estradiol on propofol-induced neuroapoptosis in primarily cultured cortical neurons. Methods Rat cortical neurons were primarily cultured for 7 days and randomly divided into groups A ( vehicle control) , B, and C, treated with equal volume of 20%intralipid, 500 μmol/L propofol, and 500 μmol/L propofol +0.1 μmol/L 17β-estradiol, respectively.At 12 hours after treatment, the morphology of the neurons was observed under the microscope, their survival rate calculated by MTT, their apoptosis was deter-mined by FCM assay, and their mitochondrial membrane potential measured by fluorescent dye rhodamine 123. Results Compared with group A, group B showed a significantly reduced number of neurons, lack of 3-dimensional appearance, unclear contour, and fractured neuron axons, but a remarkable improvement was observed in the propofol-induced morphological damage in group C.The survival rate of the neurons and the mitochondrial membrane potential were markedly decreased in group B ([52.3 ±5.2]% and [59.1 ± 5.3]%) as compared with groups A ( [99.9 ±3.6]%and [99.6 ± 5.8]%) and C ([90.1 ±7.2]%and [89.2 ±7.1]%) (both P<0.01 ) , while the rate of neuroapoptosis significantly increased in group B ([43.4 ±4.6]%) in comparison with A ([3.1 ±0.2]%) and C ([22.3 ±3.2]%) (both P<0.01). Conclusion 17β-es-tradiol can protect against propofol-induced apoptosis of primarily cul-tured neurons by inhibiting the reduction of their mitochondrial membrane potential.

7.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1116-1119, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385164

ABSTRACT

Objective To find some risk factors correlated with test anxiety of middle school students,and to find out influencing pathway for test anxiety. Methods 647 middle school students were investigated with Sarason' Test Anxiety Scale (TAS), Achievement Motivation Scale (AMS), Coping Style Scale for School Students ( CSS), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire( EPQ), Egma Minnen av Bardndosnauppforrestran(EMBU) and Family Environment Scale-Chinese Version(FES-CV). Statistics were done with version of SPSS14.0,and data were analyzed by Pearson correlation, multiple linenear stepwise regression and path analysis. Results The rates of test anxiety respectively was mild 25.97% ,moderate 45.65% ,severe 28.38%; there were no significant different between the male and female students anxiety ( 16.71 ± 6.44,17.01 ± 7.02, t = 1. 469, P = 0.334). Test anxiety positively correlated with Achievement motivation, reach motivation of competition, endurance, escape, expos, deny the fantasy,family conflicts,parental punished severely,excessive interference,objective deny,overprotective of father.( r 1-16 :0. 214,0. 135,0. 254,0. 216,0. 308,0.472,0. 492,0. 168,0. 249,0. 537,0. 282,0. 102,0. 238,0. 185,0. 233,0.301,0.273; P 1-16 = 0. 000 ~ 0. 030) , and negatively correlated with Problem-solving, rationalizing interpretation, family cohesion, informative, entertaining, emotional expression, organization, parental warmth and understanding ( r1-9: -0. 121, -0. 134, -0. 178, -0. 215, -0. 221, -0. 101, -0. 298, -0. 136, -0. 168; P 1-9 =0.000 ~0.007). Enter test anxiety regression equation is the reached motivation of competition,emotional expose,organization, psychosis, Neuroticism, parent's warm and understanding , mother's refuse and deny ( t 1-7: 2.496,2.521, -2.687, -2. 150,3.503,2.237,2.259; P1-7 =0.001 ~0.038). Conclusion Test anxiety is commonly find in middle school students. Test anxiety is affected by some paths that are personality,achievement motivation,emotional coping style,family environment and parental education methods.

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