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1.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 29-35, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013281

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the psychological resilience characteristics of visually impaired adolescents. MethodsFrom February to May, 2023, 13 visually impaired adolescents (average age of 16.5 years) from Nanjing Normal University of Special Education, Yangzhou Special Education School and Nanjing School for the Blind in Jiangsu, China were selected for semi-structured interviews with phenomenological method, and the interview data were sorted by theme analysis method. ResultsFour themes and twelve sub-themes were obtained; namely multiple sources of difficulties, including travel difficulties, learning difficulties, social difficulties and difficulties in daily life; need for external support, including insufficient family support, school support needs to be improved, need for peer support and insufficient social support; negative and positive adaptation coexist, including negative adaptation and positive adaptation; and negative coping and positive coping coexist, including positive coping and negative coping. ConclusionThe psychological resilience of visually impaired adolescents is characterized by multiple sources of difficulties, insufficient external support, coexistence of positive and negative adaptation, and coexistence of positive and negative coping. A joint family-school-society support system should be formed to reduce the source of their difficulties, and help them establish positive adaptation and positive coping methods, to enhance their psychological resilience.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 81-93, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008081

ABSTRACT

The chloroplast genome encodes many key proteins involved in photosynthesis and other metabolic processes, and metabolites synthesized in chloroplasts are essential for normal plant growth and development. Root-UVB (ultraviolet radiation B)-sensitive (RUS) family proteins composed of highly conserved DUF647 domain belong to chloroplast proteins. They play an important role in the regulation of various life activities such as plant morphogenesis, material transport and energy metabolism. This article summarizes the recent advances of the RUS family proteins in the growth and development of plants such as embryonic development, photomorphological construction, VB6 homeostasis, auxin transport and anther development, with the aim to facilitate further study of its molecular regulation mechanism in plant growth and development.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Ultraviolet Rays , Biological Transport , Chloroplasts/genetics , Embryonic Development , Plant Development/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 493-497, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992123

ABSTRACT

Based on promoting the " sports and health integration" and with the aim of the positive role of traditional sports in promoting public health in an all-round and whole-cycle way, this paper uses the literature research method to explore the connotation of traditional sports in ancient Chinese books and literatures, such as " treating no diseases" , " treating mild diseases" , " treating desired diseases" and " treating existing diseases" . The traditional exercise prescription is interpreted from the modern language such as the amount of exercise and intensity, application time, role, standardization and matters needing attention, so as to provide the theoretical basis for the integration of traditional exercise prescription into grassroots health management by providing exercise promotion services for healthy, sub-healthy, sick and rehabilitated people.

4.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 1-10, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971638

ABSTRACT

With the recent ongoing autumn/winter 2022 COVID-19 wave and the adjustment of public health control measures, there have been widespread SARS-CoV-2 infections in Chinese mainland. Here we have analyzed 369 viral genomes from recently diagnosed COVID-19 patients in Shanghai, identifying a large number of sublineages of the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron family. Phylogenetic analysis, coupled with contact history tracing, revealed simultaneous community transmission of two Omicron sublineages dominating the infections in some areas of China (BA.5.2 mainly in Guangzhou and Shanghai, and BF.7 mainly in Beijing) and two highly infectious sublineages recently imported from abroad (XBB and BQ.1). Publicly available data from August 31 to November 29, 2022 indicated an overall severe/critical case rate of 0.035% nationwide, while analysis of 5706 symptomatic patients treated at the Shanghai Public Health Center between September 1 and December 26, 2022 showed that 20 cases (0.35%) without comorbidities progressed into severe/critical conditions and 153 cases (2.68%) with COVID-19-exacerbated comorbidities progressed into severe/critical conditions. These observations shall alert healthcare providers to place more resources for the treatment of severe/critical cases. Furthermore, mathematical modeling predicts this autumn/winter wave might pass through major cities in China by the end of the year, whereas some middle and western provinces and rural areas would be hit by the upcoming infection wave in mid-to-late January 2023, and the duration and magnitude of upcoming outbreak could be dramatically enhanced by the extensive travels during the Spring Festival (January 21, 2023). Altogether, these preliminary data highlight the needs to allocate resources to early diagnosis and effective treatment of severe cases and the protection of vulnerable population, especially in the rural areas, to ensure the country's smooth exit from the ongoing pandemic and accelerate socio-economic recovery.

5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 1030-1046, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010827

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was reported at the end of 2019 as a worldwide health concern causing a pandemic of unusual viral pneumonia and many other organ damages, which was defined by the World Health Organization as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The pandemic is considered a significant threat to global public health till now. In this review, we have summarized the lessons learnt during the emergence and spread of SARS-CoV-2, including its prototype and variants. The overall clinical features of variants of concern (VOC), heterogeneity in the clinical manifestations, radiology and pathology of COVID-19 patients are also discussed, along with advances in therapeutic agents.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Global Health , China/epidemiology
6.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 758-767, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010794

ABSTRACT

With the recent ongoing autumn/winter 2022 COVID-19 wave and the adjustment of public health control measures, there have been widespread SARS-CoV-2 infections in Chinese mainland. Here we have analyzed 369 viral genomes from recently diagnosed COVID-19 patients in Shanghai, identifying a large number of sublineages of the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron family. Phylogenetic analysis, coupled with contact history tracing, revealed simultaneous community transmission of two Omicron sublineages dominating the infections in some areas of China (BA.5.2 mainly in Guangzhou and Shanghai, and BF.7 mainly in Beijing) and two highly infectious sublineages recently imported from abroad (XBB and BQ.1). Publicly available data from August 31 to November 29, 2022 indicated an overall severe/critical case rate of 0.035% nationwide, while analysis of 5706 symptomatic patients treated at the Shanghai Public Health Center between September 1 and December 26, 2022 showed that 20 cases (0.35%) without comorbidities progressed into severe/critical conditions and 153 cases (2.68%) with COVID-19-exacerbated comorbidities progressed into severe/critical conditions. These observations shall alert healthcare providers to place more resources for the treatment of severe/critical cases. Furthermore, mathematical modeling predicts this autumn/winter wave might pass through major cities in China by the end of the year, whereas some middle and western provinces and rural areas would be hit by the upcoming infection wave in mid-to-late January 2023, and the duration and magnitude of upcoming outbreak could be dramatically enhanced by the extensive travels during the Spring Festival (January 21, 2023). Altogether, these preliminary data highlight the needs to allocate resources to early diagnosis and effective treatment of severe cases and the protection of vulnerable population, especially in the rural areas, to ensure the country's smooth exit from the ongoing pandemic and accelerate socio-economic recovery.

7.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1132-1137, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005607

ABSTRACT

The research on rare diseases in China started relatively late, with scattered research resources and weak data foundation in epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment, and medication, which hinders its research progress. The rare disease data system is the foundation of rare disease research, and the ethical constraint on rare disease data collection is not only the protection of rare disease population, but also the need for the safety and quality of rare disease data. By analyzing and prospecting the current status of the construction of rare disease data systems, including the data of epidemiology, clinical diagnosis and treatment, drug trials, and follow-up to provide reference for the improvement of rare disease data systems. This paper explored the ethical issues to be followed in the process of rare disease data collection from the perspectives of justice, no harm, respect, sharing, and legalization, so as to improve the standardization of rare disease data collection and the understanding of data ethical review.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 402-408, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920894

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for early-stage complications among liver transplant recipients, and to establish and validate a risk prediction model for early-stage complications after transplantation. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 234 patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation in Department of Liver Transplantation, Tianjin First Central Hospital, from January 2016 to December 2018. According to the presence or absence of Clavien-Dindo grade ≥Ⅲ complications after liver transplantation, the patients were divided into complication group with 97 patients and non-complication group with 137 patients. The two groups were compared in terms of the indices including age, sex, body mass index (BMI), blood type, psoas muscle thickness/height (PMTH), Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, total serum bilirubin, serum creatinine, international normalized ratio of prothrombin time, blood urea nitrogen, hemoglobin, white blood cell count, platelet count, amount of intraoperative red blood cell transfusion, amount of frozen plasma transfusion, blood loss, anhepatic phase, time of operation, donor age, donor BMI, cold ischemia time of donor liver, and warm ischemia time of donor liver. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Univariate analysis and the binary logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the risk factors for early-stage complications after liver transplantation, and a risk prediction model for complications after liver transplantation was established based on the method for establishing a scoring system using the logistic model provided by Framingham Research Center. Internal validation of the model was performed by C-index, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, calibration curve, and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test, and the decision curve was used to evaluate the clinical applicability of the model. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the incidence rate of early-stage complications after liver transplantation between the patients with different risk scores. Results Compared with the non-complication group, the complication group had significantly higher MELD score, proportion of patients with low PMTH, total serum bilirubin, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, CONUT score, amount of intraoperative red blood cell transfusion, and amount of frozen plasma transfusion, as well as a significantly lower level of hemoglobin (all P < 0.1). The multivariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that MELD score (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.104, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.057-1.154, P < 0.05), PMTH ( OR =2.858, 95% CI : 1.451-5.626, P < 0.05), and CONUT score ( OR =1.481, 95% CI : 1.287-1.703, P < 0.05) were independent risk factors for grade ≥Ⅲ complications in the early stage after liver transplantation. MELD score, PMTH, and CONUT score were included in a predictive model, and this model had the highest score of 24 points, a C-index of 0.828, an area under the ROC curve of 0.812( P < 0.001), a sensitivity of 0.792, and a specificity of 0.751, suggesting that this predictive model had good discriminatory ability. The calibration curve of this model was close to the reference curve, and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test obtained a chi-square value of 8.528( P =0.382), suggesting that this predictive model had a high degree of fitting. The decision curve showed that most patients were able to benefit from the predictive model and achieved a high net benefit rate, suggesting that this predictive model had good clinical applicability. The score of 11 was selected as the cut-off value according to the optimal Youden index of 0.507, and the patients were divided into low-risk (< 8 points) group with 55 patients, moderate-risk (8-10 points) group with 63 patients, high-risk (11-14 points) group with 67 patients, and extremely high-risk (≥15 points) group with 49 patients. These four groups had a 90-day cumulative incidence rate of early-stage postoperative complications of 3.6%, 28.6%, 59.7%, and 75.5%, respectively, and the incidence rate of complications increased with the increase in risk score ( P < 0.001). Conclusion MELD score, PMTH, and CONUT score are independent risk factors for early-stage complications among liver transplant recipients, and the risk prediction model established based on these factors has a high predictive value in high-risk patients.

9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 185-195, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929202

ABSTRACT

The record speed at which Chinese scientists identified severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and shared its genomic sequence with the world, has greatly facilitated the development of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) diagnostics, drugs, and vaccines. It is unprecedented in pandemic control history to develop a dozen successful vaccines in the first year and to immunize over half of the global population in the second year, due to the efforts of the scientific community, biopharmaceutical industry, and regulatory agencies worldwide. The challenges are both great and multidimensional due to the rapid emergence of virus variants and waning of vaccine immunity. Vaccination strategies need to adapt to these challenges to keep population immunity above the herd immunity threshold, by increasing vaccine coverage, especially for older adults and young people, and providing timely booster doses with homologous or heterologous vaccine boosts. Further research should be undertaken to develop more effective vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 variants and to understand the best prime-boost vaccine combinations and immunization strategies to provide sufficient and sustainable immune protection against COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Aged , Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination
10.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 93-101, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929197

ABSTRACT

Inducing durable and effective immunity against severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) via vaccination is essential to combat the current pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). It has been noticed that the strength of anti-COVID-19 vaccination-induced immunity fades over time, which calls for an additional vaccination regime, as known as booster immunization, to restore immunity among previously vaccinated populations. Here we report a pilot open-label trial of a third dose of BBIBP-CorV, an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine (Vero cell), on 136 participants aged between 18 to 63 years. Safety and immunogenicity in terms of neutralizing antibody titers and cytokine/chemokine responses were analyzed as the main endpoint until day 28. While systemic reactogenicity was either absent or mild, SARS-CoV-2-specific neutralizing antibody titers rapidly arose in all participants within 4 weeks, surpassing the peak antibody titers elicited by the initial two-dose immunization regime. Broad increases of cellular immunity-associated cytokines and chemokines were also detected in the majority of participants after the third vaccination. Furthermore, in an exploratory study, a newly developed recombinant protein vaccine, NVSI-06-08 (CHO Cells), was found to be safe and even more effective than BBIBP-CorV in eliciting humoral immune responses in BBIBP-CorV-primed individuals. Together, these results indicate that a third immunization schedule with either homologous or heterologous vaccine showed favorable safety profiles and restored potent SARS-CoV-2-specific immunity, providing support for further trials of booster vaccination in larger populations.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , China , Immunogenicity, Vaccine , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination
11.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E676-E683, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961785

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influence of plaque classification and bifurcation angle on hemodynamics in coronary artery, so as to further discuss the influence on vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques. Methods Based on average geometric parameters of human coronary bifurcation vessels, the model of fluid-solid interaction for coronary bifurcation vessels with different plaque classifications and vessel bifurcation angles was constructed, and the distributions of blood flow velocity, pressure and shear stress at critical positions were investigated. Results The upstream shoulder of the plaque was the site with the highest shear stress on plaque surface, which was prone to ulceration or rupture with further growth. When there were plaques on one side of the bifurcation vessels, the shear stress at the carina of bifurcations was greater than that at the bilateral plaques. The pressure and shear stress at the carina of bifurcations gradually increased as the bifurcation angle decreased. Conclusions When there are plaques on one side of the bifurcation vessels, the probability of ulceration or rupture is greater. The presence of plaque in main vessels can promote formation and growth of the plaque at bifurcations. The inner wall of blood vessels at the carina of bifurcations is more easily damaged in the case of small angle vessels. The results can provide theoretical references for the design and optimization of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque treatment.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 499-503, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956814

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an in vivo model of acute radiation esophagitis in Wistar rats based on a small animal precision radiotherapy platform (SARRP). Methods:Thirty-six Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, 40, 60 and 75 Gy groups. Based on MRI images, the esophageal target area of rats was outlined and the radiotherapy plan was formulated. The rats were respectively irradiated with 0, 8, 12 and 15 Gy per day for 5 consecutive days. The changes of body weight, food intake, esophageal pathology and magnetic resonance imaging were observed.Results:The body weight of rats in 75 Gy group decreased significantly on the 6th day after irradiation (IR) ( P<0.05). The esophageal tissue of rats in each IR group was thicker than that in control ( F = 14.20, P < 0.05). HE staining showed that the formation rate of radiation-induced esophagitis in 40 Gy and 60 Gy groups were 4/5 and 5/5, respectively, mainly mild. In 75 Gy group, the incidence of radiation-induced esophagitis approached to 5/5, of which 3/5 was severe at 9 d post-IR. The pathological injury scores [ M( Q1, Q3)] of rats in each group were 0, 1.0 (0.5, 2.5), 1.0 (1.0, 2.5) and 4.0 (1.5, 6.0) on the 9th day after IR. There was significant difference between the 75 Gy group and the control group ( H=12.69, P<0.05). After dynamic monitoring of neck MRI images, it was found that the esophageal signal of rats in each IR group increased and widened at 9 d post-irradiation. Conclusions:The animal model of acute radiation-induced esophagitis in rats was successfully established based on a small animal precision radiotherapy platform combined with MRI. 75 Gy was the best irradiation dose and the 9th day was the best observation time point.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 33-42, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940724

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the mechanism of modified Shengjiangsan in necroptosis and renal fibrosis of rats with diabetic nephropathy based on receptor-interacting protein (RIP)1/RIP3/mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) signaling pathway. MethodSeventy-five SD rats were randomly divided into a model group, a normal group, three high, medium, and low-dose modified Shengjiangsan groups (4.365, 8.73, 17.46 g·kg-1), and an irbesartan group (0.013 5 g·kg-1). After 4 weeks of intragastric administration, the levels of 24 h urine protein (UTP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) of rats in each group were determined, as well as the changes in degree of renal pathology. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in kidney tissues of rats. Western blot assay was used to detect the expression levels of key proteins in the RIP1/RIP3/MLKL signaling pathway. ResultAs compared with the normal group, the renal interstitial fibrosis in the model group was obvious, and the 24 h UTP, IL-1β, TNF-α levels were significantly increased (P<0.05). In the model group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, MCP -1, TGF-β1, and NF-κB in the kidney tissues were significantly increased (P<0.05), and protein expression levels of RIP1, RIP3, p-MLKL, and MLKL were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, all modified Shengjiangsan groups and the irbesartan group improved the levels of renal interstitial fibrosis in rats to varying degrees. As compared with the model group, the 24 h UTP levels in all modified Shengjiangsan groups and the irbesartan group were decreased to varying degrees (P<0.05), the content of IL-1β and TNF-α in the serum were decreased (P<0.05), the mRNA and protein expression levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, MCP-1, TGF-β1, and NF-κB in renal tissues was down-regulated (P<0.05), and the protein expression levels of RIP1, RIP3, p-MLKL, and MLKL were down-regulated (P<0.05). ConclusionModified Shengjiangsan ameliorates renal injury of rats with diabetic nephropathy, and the mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of the RIP1/RIP3/MLKL signaling pathway, the prevention of renal tissue necroptosis, and the inhibition of renal fibrosis.

14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 703-719, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939835

ABSTRACT

A growing number of studies have identified sex differences in response to general anesthesia; however, the underlying neural mechanisms are unclear. The medial preoptic area (MPA), an important sexually dimorphic structure and a critical hub for regulating consciousness transition, is enriched with estrogen receptor alpha (ERα), particularly in neuronal clusters that participate in regulating sleep. We found that male mice were more sensitive to sevoflurane. Pharmacological inhibition of ERα in the MPA abolished the sex differences in sevoflurane anesthesia, in particular by extending the induction time and facilitating emergence in males but not in females. Suppression of ERα in vitro inhibited GABAergic and glutamatergic neurons of the MPA in males but not in females. Furthermore, ERα knockdown in GABAergic neurons of the male MPA was sufficient to eliminate sex differences during sevoflurane anesthesia. Collectively, MPA ERα positively regulates the activity of MPA GABAergic neurons in males but not in females, which contributes to the sex difference of mice in sevoflurane anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Mice , Anesthesia , Estrogen Receptor alpha/metabolism , Preoptic Area , Sevoflurane/pharmacology , Sex Characteristics
15.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 846-848, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954398

ABSTRACT

This paper summarizes the current situation and problems of the research on the theory of "Taibai Seven Medicines" through literature summary and surveys. Although the "Four Beams and Eight Pillars" theory of compounding has a long history, the current research progress of "Taibai Seven Medicines" is mostly focused on plant resources. There lacks researches on the theory of compounding, or development of compounding and large varieties based on "Taibai Seven Medicines". We call for the inheritance and protection of folk experience, and hope that the "Four Beams and Eight Pillars" theory can guide the application and development of the seven Taibai medicines. Therefore, increasing the research on the theory and teaching in undergraduate courses formulary in Chinese medicine are necessary in our province.

16.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 817-823, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909527

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether anxiety state and anxiety trait modulate specifically pain-induced brain responses by comparing the brain activations induced by painful stimulation and those by tactile stimulation in college students with different levels of anxiety state or anxiety trait.Methods:From April 2017 to September 2017, sixty-two college students were tested in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital.Each subject’s anxiety trait and anxiety state were assessed by the state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) prior to the fMRI experiment.During the fMRI experiment, each subject received painful and tactile stimuli.Their brain responses to each stimulus were collected by the MRI scanner, and the perceived intensity rating of each stimulus was collected using the visual analogue scale (VAS). The pain and tactile brain activation values of subjects with different state anxiety levels and different trait anxiety levels were compared.The fMRI brain activation was detected using general linear model.For each type of anxiety (state or trait), two-way ANOVA was performed to detect the interaction between anxiety level and stimulus modality on brain responses and two-sample t-tests were performed to analyze the specific form of interaction in each brain region. Results:There were interactions between state anxiety and stimulation modality on the activation intensity of bilateral posterior parietal lobe, dorsolateral prefrontal lobe and other brain regions( P<0.05, cluster-level FWE corrected) .The brain responses to tactile stimuli (5.66±0.65) in these areas were significantly stronger than those to painful stimuli (1.24±0.55) in the group of middle-level anxiety state ( P<0.001), but no significant difference was found in the other two groups (both P>0.05). For anxiety trait, a few brain areas in bilateral occipital cortex showed significant interactions between anxiety level and stimulus modality.The brain responses to tactile stimuli (8.38±1.00) in these areas were significantly stronger than those to painful stimuli (3.19±1.12) in the group of high-level anxiety trait ( P=0.001), but no significant difference was found in the other two groups (both P>0.05). Conclusion:The modulatory effects of anxiety (both state and trait) on brain responses are different between painful and tactile conditions.It provides important evidence for unveiling the brain mechanisms of the specific modulation of anxiety on pain, and suggests that patients' anxiety trait and anxiety state should be considered during clinical treatment of pain.

17.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 810-814, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908680

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of target-controlled infusion propofol combined with inhalation sevoflurane to maintain anesthesia on the postoperative changes of serum β-amyloid protein (β-AP), neuron specific enolase (NSE) and cognitive function in elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:The clinical data of 78 elderly patients with NSCLC who underwent thoracoscopic surgery from December 2017 to December 2019 in Jinhua Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Zhejiang Province were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, target-controlled infusion propofol to maintain anesthesia was in 39 cases (control group), and target-controlled infusion propofol combined with inhalation sevoflurane to maintain anesthesia was in 39 cases (study group). The serum levels β-AP, NSE and cognitive function (assessed by mini mental state examination, MMSE) before and after operation, the postoperative recovery (eye opening time, response time and extubation time) and incidence of adverse reactions were compared between 2 groups.Results:There were no statistical differences in β-AP and NSE before operation between 2 groups ( P>0.05); the β-AP and NSE immediately and 6 h after operation in study group were significantly lower than those in control group, β-AP: (416.13 ± 22.81) μg/L vs. (510.73 ± 24.27) μg/L and (373.53 ± 21.72) μg/L vs. (430.68 ± 22.15) μg/L, NSE: (8.35 ± 0.66) μg/L vs. (11.13 ± 0.73) μg/L and (7.81 ± 0.61) μg/L vs. (9.12 ± 0.68) μg/L, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01); there were no statistical differences in β-AP and NSE 24 h after operation between 2 groups ( P>0.05). There was no statistical difference in MMSE score before operation between 2 groups ( P>0.05); the MMSE score 6, 24 and 72 h after operation in study group was significantly higher than that in control group: (22.32 ± 2.05) scores vs. (20.54 ± 2.31) scores, (25.19 ± 1.33) scores vs. (23.61 ± 1.08) scores and (26.84 ± 0.97) scores vs. (25.01 ± 1.15) scores, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.01); there was no statistical difference in MMSE score 7 d after operation between 2 groups ( P>0.05). The eye opening time, response time and extubation time in study group were significantly shorter than those in control group: (14.15 ± 3.20) min vs. (19.32 ± 3.14) min, (18.08 ± 3.52) min vs. (24.63 ± 4.10) min and (16.21 ± 4.40) min vs. (22.31 ± 4.71) min, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Target-controlled infusion propofol combined with inhalation sevoflurane to maintain anesthesia in elderly patients with NSCLC can reduce the increase of serum levels of β-AP and NSE, reduce the damage to cognitive function, make patients recover quickly after operation, and will not increase the incidence of adverse reactions. Its security is higher.

18.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 570-575, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907365

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of fasting blood glucose on clinical outcome after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with severe acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:From January 2016 to November 2020, consecutive patients with severe AIS receiving intravenous thrombolysis in the Department of Neurology, Shengli Oilfield Central Hospital were enrolled retrospectively. Severe AIS was defined as the baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≥15. The primary endpoint was the clinical outcome evaluated according to the modified Rankin Scale at 90 d after onset. 0-2 was defined as a good outcome and a score of >2 were defined as a poor outcome. The secondary endpoint events were any intracranial hemorrhage and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH). Intracranial hemorrhage was defined as any local or distant parenchymal hemorrhage shown by craniocerebral imaging during the hospitalization. sICH was defined as any intracranial hemorrhage and the NIHSS score increased by ≥4 within 7 d after treatment. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to determine the independent influencing factors of various endpoint events. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of fasting blood glucose levels for endpoint events. Results:A total of 113 patients with severe AIS treated with intravenous thrombolysis were included, and 73 (64.6%) had a poor outcome; 29 (25.7%) had intracranial hemorrhage, of which 10 (8.8%) were sICH. Multivariate analysis showed that fasting blood glucose was the independent risk factors for poor outcome (odds ratio [ OR] 1.451, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.053-2.000; P=0.023) and sICH ( OR 1.235, 95% CI 1.013-1.504; P=0.036). The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of fasting blood glucose predicting poor clinical outcome at 90 d after onset was 0.731 (95% CI 0.637-0.824), the optimal cut-off value was 6.25 mmol/L, and the corresponding sensitivity and specificity were 63.0% and 82.5% respectively. The area under the curve of fasting blood glucose predicting sICH was 0.728 (95% CI 0.577-0.878), the optimal cut-off value was 7.98 mmol/L, and the corresponding sensitivity and specificity were 70.0% and 77.7% respectively. Conclusion:Fasting blood glucose is an independent predictor of sICH and poor outcome at 90 d after onset in patients with severe AIS receiving intravenous thrombolysis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 28-33, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885086

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association of muscle mass loss with atherosclerosis in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM).Methods:A total of 322 patients with T2DM aged≥60 years old were divided into muscle mass loss group( n=152) and non-muscle mass loss group( n=170) according to their appendicular skeletal muscle mass index(ASMI). All participants underwent physical examination, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry check, carotid and lower extremity ultrasound, as well as laboratory tests. Results:Among 322 patients, 49(15.22%) patients were suffered from sarcopenia and 152(47.2%) patients with reduced muscle mass. The carotid and lower extremity atherosclerosis grades in the muscle mass loss group were significantly higher than those in the non-muscle mass loss group( P<0.05), with lower body mass index(BMI), T-score, ASMI, uric acid, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that carotid atherosclerosis and lower extremity atherosclerosis were risk factors for muscle mass loss while BMI and 25-(OH)D 3 were protective factors for muscle mass loss. There existed a consistency in carotid atherosclerosis grade and lower extremity atherosclerosis grade of elderly patients with T2DM( P<0.01). Conclusion:Atherosclerosis has a predictive value for early sarcopenia in elderly patients with T2DM.

20.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 934-946, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951970

ABSTRACT

The lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) plays a pivotal role in regulating consciousness transition, in which orexinergic neurons, GABAergic neurons, and melanin-concentrating hormone neurons are involved. Glutamatergic neurons have a large population in the LHA, but their anesthesia-related effect has not been explored. Here, we found that genetic ablation of LHA glutamatergic neurons shortened the induction time and prolonged the recovery time of isoflurane anesthesia in mice. In contrast, chemogenetic activation of LHA glutamatergic neurons increased the time to anesthesia and decreased the time to recovery. Optogenetic activation of LHA glutamatergic neurons during the maintenance of anesthesia reduced the burst suppression pattern of the electroencephalogram (EEG) and shifted EEG features to an arousal pattern. Photostimulation of LHA glutamatergic projections to the lateral habenula (LHb) also facilitated the emergence from anesthesia and the transition of anesthesia depth to a lighter level. Collectively, LHA glutamatergic neurons and their projections to the LHb regulate anesthetic potency and EEG features.

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