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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712296

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce the construction of clinical research information system of a tertiary grade A comprehensive hospital in Shanghai.Methods Based on the database construction,the structured inpatient medical records,surgical records and ancillary diagnostic report are designed and the application terminal is developed.Results A full-link normalized clinical research information system for research-based cases covering all aspects of clinical research is developed,which can provide customized and structured data.Conclusions The clinical research information system provides convenience for clinical medical research,and its practice has certain reference significance.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673349

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of dosages of propofol on pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction(HPV) reaction. Method:Isolated rat lungs were perfused with whole blood at the rate of flow 10ml/min and ventilated with air+4%CO_2(n=5) or 3% O_2+4%CO_2+93% N_2(mixed gas, n=11).PAP was measured continuously during the whole procedure. Result:PAP decreased significantly in air+4% CO_2 ventilation following administralion of propofol 4 mg/kg,6 mg/kg and 8 mg/kg respectively.The varied degrees at 6 mg/kg and 8mg/kg were even more marked than that at 4mg/kg. When mixed gas was ventilated into lung, PAP increased from 1.60+0.23kPa to 2.384?0.31kPa to produce HPV,PAP decreased abruptly in HPV rats when administered 4mg/kg, 6mg/kg and 8mmg/kg propofol respectively and HPV reaction was inhibited by 47%, 867%and 71% respectively,the inhibition extent was more at 6mg/kg or 8mg/kg than that at 4mg/kg. Conclusion:Propofol can decrease PAP and inhibite HPV in dose-dependent way.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673331

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare hemodynamic effects of infusion of diethylamine/nitric oxide (DEA/NO)and sodium nitroprusside(SNP)during controlled hypotension. Method: General anesthesia was induced in dogs. The twelve healthy adult dogs were randomly assigned into one of two groups. 0.00l% DEA/NO or 0.01% SNP was infused to induce mean arterial pressure(MAP) to decrease to 60% of baseline and be maintained for 30 min. During hypotension, MAP,central venous pressure (CVP), mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP)and cardiac output (CO) were measured and recorded. Arterial blood gas, blood lactate and urine output were also measured. Result: HR,CVP and CO were unchanged during hypotension period in both groups, MPAP decreased correspondently with MAP. There were no significantly changes in arterial blood gas,blood lactate and urine output in both groups during hypotension. Conclusion: Controlled hypotension achieved with infusion of DEA/NO has a rapid onset and short duration of action.The hemodynamics were similar to those of SNP.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-517145

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of applying XF-9801 type of anesthetics waste gas absorber, an activated carbon filter,to removing nitrogen oxides (NOx) and fluoride. Methods Thirty patients, undergoing general anesthesia with enflurane or isoflurane/nitrous oxide, were enrolled in this study.The gas samples were taken at the waste gas outlet of anesthetic machine,to identify the concentrations of nitrogen oxides and fluoride before and after the application of anesthetics waste gas absorber. Results Compared with those before the absorber application, nitrogen oxides and fluroide concentrations in anesthetic waste gas decreased significantly following the absorber application (P

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-517715

ABSTRACT

Objective Desflurane is now well accepted by anesthesiologists because of its rapid induction and recovery but carboxyhemoglobin(CUHb) formation from interaction of desflurane with soda lime is a major concern. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of different fresh gas flow(FGF) rates on COHb formation during desflurane anesthesia. Methods Forty ASA Ⅰ-Ⅱ nonsmoking patients undergoing elective surgery were randomly divided into four groups with ten patients in each group according to FGF rate: group Ⅰ 0.5L/min; groupⅡ 1.0L/min; group Ⅲ 2.0L/min; group Ⅳ4.0L/min. The patients were premedicated with pethidine 1mg/kg and atropine 0.01mg/kg. Anesthesia was induced with midazolam 0.05mg/kg, propofol 2mg/kg and fentanyl 7pg/kg. Intubation was facilitated with succinylcholine. Anesthesia was maintained with desflurane( 1 .5 MAC), nitrous oxide( 50%) and intermittent vecuronim and fentanyl. PET CO2 was maintained between 35-40 mmHg. Venous blood samples were taken before and 2h, 4h and 6h after induction of anesthesia and at the end of operation for determination of COHb level. Results There was no significant difference among the four groups in age, gender and weight. COHb concentration was not significantly different before and 2h after induction of anesthesia among the four groups, but increased significantly at 4h and 6h after induction of anesthesia and at the end of surgery in groupⅣ, and tended to increase as the operation was prolonged. It was found that patients who developed postoperative headaehe and PONV were mostly from group IV, but no patients developed delayed neuropsychologic sequelae. Conclusions COHb level increases with high FGF rate but not with low FGF rate because of dryness and higher temperature of soda lime. Fresh soda lime should not be left in Canister too long and should be replaced shortly before anesthesia.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-517054

ABSTRACT

005), but NO level declined remarkably 90 min and 120 min following inhalation(P

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