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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940195

ABSTRACT

Pyroptosis is a newly discovered programmed cell death. It is an important natural immune response and has obvious anti-infection function. Studies have shown that pyroptosis plays an important role in the occurrence and development of rheumatoid arthritis. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has unique advantages in the prevention and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. How to guide TCM to effectively prevent and treat rheumatoid arthritis using pyroptosis theory is a new research hotspot in this field. This paper discussed the overview of pyroptosis theory,its mechanism, signal pathway,and application in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis as well as the research on the activity of TCM based on pyroptosis theory. It was found that the occurrence of pyroptosis was related to Caspase-1-dependent classical inflammatory body pathway and Caspase-1-independent non classical inflammatory body pathway, and pyroptosis produced distinct regulatory effect on the occurrence,development and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis,which would provide a new strategy for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Additionally,TCM recipes such as Miao ethnomedicine prescription Sidaxue and Duhuo Jishengtang, and a variety of effective components such as punicalagin and paeoniflorin monomer derivatives exerted anti-rheumatic and other biological activities by regulating pyroptosis. This provided a theoretical basis and research ideas for the in-depth study of pyroptosis theory and guiding the prevention and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with TCM.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940163

ABSTRACT

Pyroptosis is a newly discovered programmed cell death. It is an important natural immune response and has obvious anti-infection function. Studies have shown that pyroptosis plays an important role in the occurrence and development of rheumatoid arthritis. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has unique advantages in the prevention and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. How to guide TCM to effectively prevent and treat rheumatoid arthritis using pyroptosis theory is a new research hotspot in this field. This paper discussed the overview of pyroptosis theory,its mechanism, signal pathway,and application in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis as well as the research on the activity of TCM based on pyroptosis theory. It was found that the occurrence of pyroptosis was related to Caspase-1-dependent classical inflammatory body pathway and Caspase-1-independent non classical inflammatory body pathway, and pyroptosis produced distinct regulatory effect on the occurrence,development and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis,which would provide a new strategy for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Additionally,TCM recipes such as Miao ethnomedicine prescription Sidaxue and Duhuo Jishengtang, and a variety of effective components such as punicalagin and paeoniflorin monomer derivatives exerted anti-rheumatic and other biological activities by regulating pyroptosis. This provided a theoretical basis and research ideas for the in-depth study of pyroptosis theory and guiding the prevention and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with TCM.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825143

ABSTRACT

@#By silica gel column chromatography, solvent extraction and preparative high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), four new related substance were isolated and purified from the mass production and preparation process of alogliptin benzoate. Then it was analyzed and confirmed by various spectrum identification methods such as nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, high-resolution mass spectrometry (HR-MS) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) according to its physical and chemical properties. The chemical structures of the four related substances produced in each step of the synthesis process of alogliptin benzoate were determined, and they were named as impurities L, M, T, and V. These four related substances were new impurities which were found for the first time. The isolation and identification of these impurities are of great importance to the quality control of alogliptin benzoate, and the optimization of manufacturing process.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752941

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of different concentration hyperoxic exposure on the lung development of neonatal rats for providing theoretical basis for the preparation of bronchopulmonary dys-plasia model. Methods A total of 128 newborn rats were randomly and equally assigned to one of the fol-lowing four groups:group A(FiO2 >0. 9,n=32),group B ( FiO2 =0. 6,n=32),group C(FiO2 =0. 4,n=32) and the air group(21% O2,n=32). Lung tissue were collected at day 3,7,14 and 21 for histological analysis. Body weights were recorded,pulmonary morphology and radical alveoli count(RAC),mean alveolar diameter(MAD),alveolar septal thickness(AST) were carried out. Results Compared with the air group of the same time,the body weight of group A significantly decreased at 3 d( P <0. 05),the body weight of group B significantly decreased at 7 d(P<0. 05),the body weight of group C slightly decreased at every time point,but there was no statistical significance(P>0. 05). HE staining showed that the alveolar cavity signifi-cantly increased,alveolar structure was simplified and the alveolar spacing was thickened in different degrees in group A and group B. Furthermore,the reduction in the number of alveoli was more obvious and the alveo-lar septum was thicker in group A. The change of alveoli in group C was obviously weaker than group A and group B. The RAC of group A and group B were significantly lower than those in the air group(P<0. 05). The RAC of group C was slightly lower than those in the air group,and had statistical significance at 14 d (P<0. 05). The MAD and AST of group A and group B were significantly higher than those in the air group at 7 d (P<0. 05). The MAD and AST of group C decreased slightly over time,and had statistical signifi-cance at 21 d( P<0. 05). Conclusion Different concentrations of oxygen can have an impact on alveolar development. Severe alveolar dysplasia can be seen after continuous inhalation of more than 60% oxygen concentration. It provides a model basis for the study of the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

5.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 439-442, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808971

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of sandblasting on bending strength and subcritical crack growth (SCG) under cyclic loading of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) ceramics.@*Methods@#After being polished, sixty bar-shaped specimens of Y-TZP (Wieland zirconia ceramics) were assigned to two groups (n=30) according to the random number table, the sandblasting group (SG) which was treated with sandblasting and the control group (CG) which remained untouched. In each group, half of the specimens (n=15) were subjected to bending strength test, and the results were examined by Weibull statistics and analyzed with ANOVA. The other 15 specimens in each group were subjected to fatigue tests. The results were examined by Weibull statistics and subcritical crack propagation rates were calculated.@*Results@#The bending strengths of SG and CG were (1 291±133) and (1 140±124) MPa (F=10.117, P=0.004), and the Weibull modules of the two groups were 11.06 and 10.64 respectively. The crack growth rate of SCG of SG was lower than that of CG under the same cyclic loading.@*Conclusions@#Proper sandblasting on Y-TZP ceramic can increase its bending strength and resistance to SCG.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507043

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of occludin in the intestinal epithelial cells of neonatal rats with necrotizing enterocolitis ( NEC) . The influence of vitamin D on NEC and the expression of occludin was also explored. Methods Sixty neonatal Wistar rats from different litters were divided into four groups 48 hours after birth:10 in the breast-fed+ control group,10 in the breast-fed +vitamin D group,20 in the NEC+ control group and 20 in the NEC+ vitamin D group. In groups with NEC,neonatal rats were sep-arated from their mothers and treated with rat milk substitute+hypoxia+hypothermia. In groups with vitamin D treatment,paricalcitol was given through intraperitoneal injection 30 minutes before,one day and two days after the induction of NEC. The tissue was harvested from the ileum of the rats 72 hours after induction of NEC. Microscopically,the tissue was assessed according to the Nadler scoring system. The expression and location of occludin was observed after immunofluorescence staining. Western blotting was performed and quantified to compare the expression of occludin among groups. Results In NEC rats,the intestinal structure was destructed. Separation of the submucosal or muscular layer,discharge or disappearance of the villa was accompanied by necrosis of the intestinal cells. Vitamin D treatment could significantly alleviate those chan-ges,with the Nadler score 1. 70 ± 0. 21 compared to 2. 90 ± 0. 23 without vitamin D treatment ( P<0. 01 ) . The expression of occludin was decreased in NEC rats and vitamin D could partly rescue this decrease (P<0. 01). The distribution of occludin was sparse and discontinuous in NEC rats while after vitamin D treatment,the distribution was maintained even and continuous. Conclusion The expression of occludin in intestinal epithelial cells is significantly reduced in NEC rat. Vitamin D treatment may inhibit the development of NEC by maintaining the expression of occludin.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the reliability of flexural strength and subcritical crack growth(SCG)of WL and HT zirconia ce-ramics under cyclic loading.Methods:Bar-shaped speciments of WL(n =30)and HT(n =30)were fabricated and loaded in three-point bending and cyclically fatigued.The flexural strength and the number of cycles to fracture were obtained from three-point flexural test and cyclic fatigue test respectively.Data were examined using Weibull statistics.Pairs law was used to analysize the subcritical crack growth(SCG),the behavior of which was described in terms of crack velocity as a function of maximum stress intensity factor (KImax ).Results:The Weibull module(m)of WL and HT was 10.64 and 12.04,the stress corrosion cracking susceptive indexes(n) 23.71 and 32.87,the SCG 90% and 76.7%,the KImax 49.6% and 50.9% of its maximum stress intensity factor(KIC ),respectively. Conclusion:WL and HT produce pronounced SCG.The minimum fatigue crack growth rate of HT is lower than that of WL(νHT <νWL ).

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360460

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the F(-) releasing and recharging properties of six dental restorative materials.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Disc specimens 10 mm in diameter and 1 mm in thickness were prepared from 6 different dental restorative materials: Fuji VII [glass ionomer cement (GIC)], Fuji II LC (light-curing, GIC), Beautifil (giomer), Compoglass F (compomer), Charisma (composite) and Experimental I (a fluoride releasing composite), with 10 discs for each material. Specimens were dipped in 5 ml deionized water and F(-) release was detected using a fluoride-specific ion electrode every day from 1-7 days and every three days from 8-28 days. On day 28, specimens were exposed to a fluoride foam for 4 min and then dipped in water, then the F(-) concentration was detected every day for a week. The specimens were exposed to fluoride foam and fluoride release was detected repeatedly for three times.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All materials presented the highest F(-) release on the first day after dipping and the F(-) release sharply decreased after 24 h and slowly decreased after 3 days. On the first day, Fuji VII presented the highest F(-) release[(99.68±15.21) µg×cm(-2)×d(-1)], followed by Fuji II LC [(37.12±1.67) µg×cm(-2)×d(-1)], Experimental I [(22.93±1.53) µg×cm(-2)×d(-1)], Compoglass F[(15.28±0.70) µg×cm(-2)×d(-1)], Beautifil[(2.40±0.52) µg×cm(-2)×d(-1)] and Charisma[(0.11±0.02) µg×cm(-2)×d(-1)]. Within 28 days of dipping, both Fuji VII and Fuji II LC released more F(-) than other materials did(P < 0.05), followed by Compoglass F and Experimental I, and Beautifil and Charisma released the least F(-)(P < 0.01). After F(-) uptake, all materials released the highest F- on the first day and presented sharply decrease after 24 h and slowly decrease after 2 days. On the first day after F(-) uptake, Fuji VII presented the highest F(-) release (>40 µg×cm(-2) ×d(-1)), much more than other materials(P < 0.01), followed by Fuji II LC(>25 µg×cm(-2) ×d(-1)). Beautifil, Compoglass F and Experimental I were close in F(-) release value(15- 20 µg × cm(-2) × d(-1)), and Charisma showed the lowest F(-) release.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Two glass ionomers were shown to have highest capacity in F(-) release and uptake, followed by compomer and fluoride releasing composite. Composite demonstrated the lowest F(-) release and uptake and Giomer was comparable to composite in F(-) release and to compomer and fluoride releasing composite in F(-) uptake.</p>


Subject(s)
Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate , Chemistry , Compomers , Chemistry , Composite Resins , Chemistry , Curing Lights, Dental , Dental Materials , Chemistry , Fluorides , Pharmacokinetics , Glass Ionomer Cements , Chemistry , Resins, Synthetic , Chemistry , Time Factors
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283588

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this paper is to introduce the clinical and laboratory procedures of fabricating silicone gingival epithesis and evaluate the long-term effects of the epithesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Flexible gingival epithesises were fabricated by the same way of fabricating partial denture, and their effects were evaluated in 31 patients by following up for 8-20 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Patients' responses to appearance showed that their esthetic appearance had been much improved in all of the patients and the comfort and retention of their epithesises varied from good to excellent in almost all the patients. Discoloration of the epithesises was noticed by the patients within ten months in average. Doctors' examination confirmed patients' responses, and caries was detected at the necks of teeth covered by epithesises and slight gingivititis was discovered in the area under the epithesises in two cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Flexible gingival epithesis is a simple and effective method for correcting gingival recession, and the fabrication is simple and don't need special equipment. However, discoloration of the epithesis remains a problem.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Denture, Partial, Removable , Reference Standards , Esthetics, Dental , Female , Gingival Recession , Therapeutics , Humans , Male , Materials Testing , Middle Aged , Periodontal Prosthesis , Silicone Elastomers , Chemistry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-678402

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of different kinds of fluorides and their loading on the fluoride releasing characteristics of fluoride containing composite resins. Methods Two paste type of composite resin, containing NaF and K 2TiF 6 respectively, were prepared. The composite resins were based on Bis GMA/TEGDMA resin and loaded with fluoride at 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% by weight, and a non fluoridated composite resin was prepared as the control. Six standardized discs (6 mm?3 mm) were made of each material, and three discs of each material were stored in plastic vials containing 5 ml deionized water at 37 ℃ respectively and the others in artificial saliva. The water and the artificial saliva were changed every 24 hours. An ion selective electrode (9606BN Orion) connected to an ion analyzer (720A Orion) was used to determine the amount of fluoride released on days 8, 15, 22, 29 and 62. The data were analyzed using t tests. Results All of the fluoride containing materials demonstrated a higher fluoride release than that from non fluoride control materials. The composite resin containing NaF released significantly more fluoride than that of K 2TiF 6. All materials showed a significantly higher release of fluoride in water than in artificial saliva ( P

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-542455

ABSTRACT

0.05),respectively.The fractured adheisive dentin surface was mainly a mixed failue mode.Conclusions:There is no significant difference in the bond strengths of each of the three bonding agents to ND and CAD.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540684

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the bonding interface characteristic of five wet bonding systems while bonding on different dentin bonding surfaces. Methods: Rhodamine B was used to label five adhesives(OptiBond Sol o,Single Bond,Gluma One-Bond,Bond-1 and One-Step) in consistency of 0.1%, an d the bonding interface of the 5 wet bonding systems on dry or wet dentin surfa ces was observed with laser scanning confocal microscope. Results: All five bonding systems could infiltrate well into dentin bonding interface when bonding on wet dentin surface. The fluorescence confocal images gave eviden ce of the adhesives penetrated into the widened tubules, lateral tubules and dem ineralized peritubular dentin. Little discontinuity in dentin tubular was observ ed in the images, especially in those of alcohol-water-based adhesives. When b onded in dry dentin surface, the hybrid thickness of acetone-based adhesives de creased significantly. Conclusion: The penetration ability of ad hesives may be reduced significantly on dry dentin surface.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539668

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of roughness on adhesive properties of polymethyl methacrylate and SY-1 silicone elastomer.Methods:5 specimens of polymethyl methacrylate were polished by sand paper of different standards and the roughness of polymethyl methacrylate surfaces were measured by roughmeter. The tension strength between polymethyl methacrylate with different degrees of roughness and SY-1 silicone elastomer were tested according to national standards. Results: After the surfaces of polymethyl methacrylate were respectively polished by sand paper of the standard 160,320 and 800, the sufrace roughness decreased, but the tension strength between polymethy1 and SY-1 silicone elastomer was increased(P

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539662

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the feasibility of sandwich structure made by GP-084 cellular silicone rubber and SY-1 silicone elastomer in preparing facial prostheses. Methods: Samples of SY-1 silicone or GP-084 or sandwich of both were made in the size of 100 cm 2. Sandwich structure was made of SY-1 silicone as the top and bottom lyers of 1 mm in thickness and GP-084 cellular silicone as the middle layer of 23 mm in thickness. The weight density and Shore﹝A﹞hardness of the samples were measured. Results: The weight density (?10 3 kg/m 2) of GP-084, SY-1 silicone rubber and the sandwich structure was 0.411? 0.003, 1.245?0.024 and 0.679? 0.002 respectively(P

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539021

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the denture base adaptation in fl uenced by technical factors. Methods: Thirty six maxilla ry denture bases were fabricated by different conditions of monomer content ,res in stage, polymerization temperature, mixing and cooling temperature conditions respectively. The gap between stone cast and acrylic resin base was measured wi th a stereoscopic microscope with a precision of 0.01 mm at five referential pos itions in each section. The data were submitted to t test. Resul ts: There was statistical significant difference ( P

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-538045

ABSTRACT

0.05). The standard deviation of the distance of 6 to 6 in the water/powder ratio of 33∶10 was extraordinary big(s=0.206).②The time of pouring generated dimensional shrink(P

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670659

ABSTRACT

Objective: To comparative the mechanical properties of f our kinds of denture resin. Method: The impact strength, f lexural strength, flexural elastic modulus and Brinell hardness of four denture resin materials, Shanghai Shanhu(SH),Shanxi Changzhi(CZ), Luciton 199(LC) and Me liodent(MD), were measured in vitro and the stress-strain curve of each ma terial under flexural force was drawn. Results: The impact strength(kJ/m 2) of SH,CZ,LC and MD were 9.94?2.25,6.55?1.85,13.76?4.31 and 13.70?3.71; flexural strength (MPa) 75.27?3.24,78.88?7.66,80.47?3.27 and 7 6.72?3.14; flexural elastic modulus(GPa) 3.08? 0.15 ,2.96?0.10,2.63?0.11 a nd 2.56?0.12; Brinell hardness(kg/mm 2)24.15?1.34, 23.43 ? 1.65 ,20.86? 1.26 and 18.49?1.71,respectively. Conclusions: Comparativ ely speaking, SH and CZ are rigidit and brittle, LC is rigidit and sturdy, MD is tough and sturdy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539345

ABSTRACT

0.05).The elongation at break of SY-1 was stronger than that of MDX4-4210 (P

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546130

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the influence of delayed application of mixed self-etching bonding agent on the tensile bond strength.Methods:Two "two-bottle,one-step" self-etching adhesives,Adper Prompt and Xeno III,were evaluated.The occlusal enamel of human third molar was cut out and the exposed dentin surface was divided in two halves by a 1 mm deep groove in the labial-lingual orientation to allow for evaluation of immediate application and delayed application(0.5,1,2,3,4,5 and 6 h) of mixed self-etching bonding agent in the same specimen,followed by composite resin built-up on the adhesive.The bonded specimens were sectioned into beams of approximately 0.9 mm2 and subsequently subjected to micro-tensile bond strength testing at a crosshead speed of 1.0 mm/min.Results:The specimens bonded with the Adper Prompt within 5 h after mixing showed no different and that with the Xeno III within 3 h after mixing showed no different.Conclusion:The effective period for "two-bottle,one-step" self-etching adhesives after mixing is limited.Different bonding agents have different effective periods.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670907

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the adhesive characteristics of two kinds of light-curing resin that was used to bond teeth and orthodontics brackets. Methods: A total of 60 premolar teeth were randomly divided into six groups, and brackets were bonded according to the manufacturers' instructions. In group A1, A2 and A3, the teeth were prepared using 100 ml/L polyacrylic acid, and the brackets were bonded using Fuji Ortho LC. In group B1, B2 and B3, the teeth were using self-etching primer, and the brackets were bonded using Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer (TPSEP). After 30 min and 24 h under room temperature and received cold-heat cycle treatment respectively, bond strength was measured using a testing instrument (2000S, Lloyds Instruments, Fareham, England) at a speed of 1 mm/min, and the residual adhesive was quantified using a stereomicroscope. The adhesive interface was observed by scanning electron microscope. Results: The bond shear strength of TPSEP and Ortho Glass LC are more than 5 MPa. The bond shear strength of TPSEP is stronger than that of Ortho Glass LC after 24 h. However,The adhesive remnant index (ARI)of TPSEP is higher than that of Ortho Glass LC. Conclusion: Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer and Ortho Glass LC can satisfy the clinic need of orthodontics.

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