Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 57
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 667-681, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011254

ABSTRACT

Studies have suggested that the nucleus accumbens (NAc) is implicated in the pathophysiology of major depression; however, the regulatory strategy that targets the NAc to achieve an exclusive and outstanding anti-depression benefit has not been elucidated. Here, we identified a specific reduction of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in the subset of dopamine D1 receptor medium spiny neurons (D1-MSNs) in the NAc that promoted stress susceptibility, while the stimulation of cAMP production in NAc D1-MSNs efficiently rescued depression-like behaviors. Ketamine treatment enhanced cAMP both in D1-MSNs and dopamine D2 receptor medium spiny neurons (D2-MSNs) of depressed mice, however, the rapid antidepressant effect of ketamine solely depended on elevating cAMP in NAc D1-MSNs. We discovered that a higher dose of crocin markedly increased cAMP in the NAc and consistently relieved depression 24 h after oral administration, but not a lower dose. The fast onset property of crocin was verified through multicenter studies. Moreover, crocin specifically targeted at D1-MSN cAMP signaling in the NAc to relieve depression and had no effect on D2-MSN. These findings characterize a new strategy to achieve an exclusive and outstanding anti-depression benefit by elevating cAMP in D1-MSNs in the NAc, and provide a potential rapid antidepressant drug candidate, crocin.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 185-191, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973148

ABSTRACT

More and more evidence shows that there is a close relationship between the inflammatory state and coronary heart disease. Inflammatory state triggers the damage of vascular endothelium in the early stage of coronary heart disease and ultimately mediates the formation of atherosclerotic plaque. The mechanism of occurrence and development of heart disease is of great significance. Phlegm is a pathological product formed by the subtle imbalance of the spleen and stomach in the transportation and transformation of water and grain. It is the general summary of a series of abnormally accumulated inflammatory substances, such as low density lipoprotein, inflammatory cells, and inflammatory factors. The nature of Phlegm determines the invasiveness and turbidity of Phlegm. Phlegm invades the meridians, causing damage to the meridians and gradually accumulating, which eventually causes the local meridian damage to aggravate. This process is similar to the persistent damage of the vascular endothelium caused by inflammation. Phlegm blocks the meridians, affects the operation of Qi and blood, causes Qi stagnation and blood stasis, and finally forms the outcome of heart and blood stasis. This process is similar to the mechanism of atherosclerotic plaques formed by continuous inflammatory damage. Heart blood stasis, depression and heat, heat toxin endogenous, forming the syndrome of heat toxin stasis, which is similar to the process of atherosclerotic plaque rupture and thrombosis causing acute cardiovascular events.The formation of Phlegm is rooted in the deficiency of spleen. Based on the ''phlegm,stasis,toxin'' theory, spleen deficiency is the intrinsic pathogenesis of the inflammatory state of coronary heart disease, and the invasion of phlegm, blood stasis of heart, heat and blood stasis are the evolution of inflammatory damage of coronary heart disease. Traditional Chinese medicine differentiation and treatment is based on strengthening the spleen and nourishing Qi to treat the root and removing phlegm and blood stasis, and clearing heat and detoxifying to treat symptoms. The related Chinese medicine compounds, Chinese patent medicines, and single Chinese medicines can reduce the inflammatory indicators of coronary heart disease, thereby improving the prognosis of coronary heart disease.

3.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 729-736, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009424

ABSTRACT

Objectives Objectives To investigate how the imbalance of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs)in the peripheral blood of patients with lung adenocarcinoma affects the balance of downstream mononuclear macrophages and T helper (Th) cells, and to identify the impact of the imbalance of ILCs on the immune status and prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma. Methods The peripheral blood of 20 patients with lung adenocarcinoma and normal controls were collected. The percentage of ILCs, mononuclear macrophages and T lymphocyte in peripheral blood were analyzed by flow cytometry. The characteristic cytokine secretion levels of various types of immune cells in peripheral blood were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. Results Compared with the normal controls, the proportion of M2 mononuclear macrophages, ILC1 and ILC2 in patients with lung adenocarcinoma was up-regulated, while the proportion of M1 mononuclear macrophages, CD4+ T and CD8+ T was down-regulated. The mRNA expression of related cytokines of M1 mononuclear macrophages and ILC1 were decreased; while the mRNA expression of related cytokines of M2 mononuclear macrophages and ILC2 were increased. Along with the decreased CD4+T cells-associated cytokine T-bet mRNA expression, and the increased GATA3 mRNA expression. Moreover, the expression of PD-1 in CD8+ T cells was also up-regulated. Conclusion The imbalance of ILCs in peripheral blood of patients with lung adenocarcinoma promotes the imbalance of mononuclear macrophages and Th cells, which altogether maintains the immunosuppression in patients with lung adenocarcinoma, and promotes the development of lung adenocarcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocytes , Immunity, Innate , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cytokines/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Immunosuppression Therapy , RNA, Messenger
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1537-1553, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982799

ABSTRACT

At present, clinical interventions for chronic kidney disease are very limited, and most patients rely on dialysis to sustain their lives for a long time. However, studies on the gut-kidney axis have shown that the gut microbiota is a potentially effective target for correcting or controlling chronic kidney disease. This study showed that berberine, a natural drug with low oral availability, significantly ameliorated chronic kidney disease by altering the composition of the gut microbiota and inhibiting the production of gut-derived uremic toxins, including p-cresol. Furthermore, berberine reduced the content of p-cresol sulfate in plasma mainly by lowering the abundance of g_Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1 and inhibiting the tyrosine-p-cresol pathway of the intestinal flora. Meanwhile, berberine increased the butyric acid producing bacteria and the butyric acid content in feces, while decreased the renal toxic trimethylamine N-oxide. These findings suggest that berberine may be a therapeutic drug with significant potential to ameliorate chronic kidney disease through the gut-kidney axis.

5.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 485-495, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982389

ABSTRACT

Tacrolimus (TAC), also called FK506, is one of the classical immunosuppressants to prevent allograft rejection after liver transplantation. However, it has been proved to be associated with post-transplant hyperlipemia. The mechanism behind this is unknown, and it is urgent to explore preventive strategies for hyperlipemia after transplantation. Therefore, we established a hyperlipemia mouse model to investigate the mechanism, by injecting TAC intraperitoneally for eight weeks. After TAC treatment, the mice developed hyperlipemia (manifested as elevated triglyceride (TG) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), as well as decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c)). Accumulation of lipid droplets was observed in the liver. In addition to lipid accumulation, TAC induced inhibition of the autophagy-lysosome pathway (microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3β (LC3B) II/I and LC3B II/actin ratios, transcription factor EB (TFEB), protein 62 (P62), and lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1 (LAMP1)) and downregulation of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) in vivo. Overexpression of FGF21 may reverse TAC-induced TG accumulation. In this mouse model, the recombinant FGF21 protein ameliorated hepatic lipid accumulation and hyperlipemia through repair of the autophagy-lysosome pathway. We conclude that TAC downregulates FGF21 and thus exacerbates lipid accumulation by impairing the autophagy-lysosome pathway. Recombinant FGF21 protein treatment could therefore reverse TAC-caused lipid accumulation and hypertriglyceridemia by enhancing autophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Tacrolimus , Liver , Cholesterol, LDL , Autophagy , Disease Models, Animal
6.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 387-396, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982379

ABSTRACT

Tumor recurrence is one of the major life-threatening complications after liver transplantation for liver cancer. In addition to the common mechanisms underlying tumor recurrence, another unavoidable problem is that the immunosuppressive therapeutic regimen after transplantation could promote tumor recurrence and metastasis. Transplant oncology is an emerging field that addresses oncological challenges in transplantation. In this context, a comprehensive therapeutic management approach is required to balance the anti-tumor treatment and immunosuppressive status of recipients. Double-negative T cells (DNTs) are a cluster of heterogeneous cells mainly consisting of two subsets stratified by T cell receptor (TCR) type. Among them, TCRαβ+ DNTs are considered to induce immune suppression in immune-mediated diseases, while TCRγδ+ DNTs are widely recognized as tumor killers. As a composite cell therapy, healthy donor-derived DNTs can be propagated to therapeutic numbers in vitro and applied for the treatment of several malignancies without impairing normal tissues or being rejected by the host. In this work, we summarized the biological characteristics and functions of DNTs in oncology, immunology, and transplantation. Based on the multiple roles of DNTs, we propose that a new balance could be achieved in liver transplant oncology using them as an off-the-shelf adoptive cell therapy (ACT).


Subject(s)
Humans , T-Lymphocytes , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Transplantation, Homologous , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
7.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 634-641, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995335

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis ( Mtb) that seriously endangers human health. Mtb induces epigenetic changes in the host to regulate host genome transcription and immune response, which plays an important role in the growth and replication of Mtb and the development and outcome of TB. Since epigenetic regulation occurs early and is reversible, it has been extensively studied in the pathogenesis of various diseases and has great potential as a molecular target. This paper reviewed the epigenetic changes in host after Mtb infection, including DNA methylation and miRNA, and summarized the role of epigenetics in the pathogenesis of TB and the research progress in potential diagnostic markers.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 503-508, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957581

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between serum bone turnover marker osteocalcin and the distal symmetric poly neuropathy(DSPN) in male diabetic patients.Methods:Clinical data from 370 male diabetic patients who admitted to Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2020 to November 2021 were collected. These patients were grouped into tertiles by serum osteocalcin level: T1 group(osteocalcin<9.2 ng/mL, n=123), T2 group(osteocalcin 9.2-13 ng/mL, n=122), and T3 group(osteocalcin≥13 ng/mL, n=125). The percentage ratios of DSPN were compared among these groups. Using logistic regression model, the adjusted odds ratio ( OR) for DSPN was calculated. Results:There were 50(40.7%), 29(23.8%), 49(39.2%) patients with DSPN in T1, T2, and T3 group respectively. The ratio of patients with DSPN in osteocalcin T2 group were lower than that in the T1 and T3 groups. Further logistic regression showed a 133.9%( OR=2.339, 95% CI 1.097-4.988, P=0.028) and a 134.2%( OR= 2.342, 95% CI 1.040-5.275, P=0.039) increased risk for DSPN in the T1 and T3 group respectively compared with the T2 group, even after adjusted for age, diabetic duration, HbA 1C, diabetic complications, β cross-linked C-telopeptide of type Ⅰ collagen(CTXβ), 25-hydoxy vitamin D(25-OHD), bone mineral density, and treatment. Conclusions:The serum levels of bone turnover marker osteocalcin were associated with the occurrence of DSPN in male diabetic patients, a moderate level of bone turnover(the serum osteocalcin level of between 9.2 and 13 ng/mL for instance) might be protective for male diabetic patients from DSPN.

9.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1066-1072, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956204

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects and possible mechanisms of Tyrobp gene on neuroinflammation in Tourette's syndrome mice.Methods:Twenty C57BL/ 6J and Tyrobp knock-out male mice aged 6 weeks were randomly divided into 4 groups according to random number table method: WT+ NS group, Tyrobp -/-+ NS group, WT+ IDPN group and Tyrobp -/-+ IDPN group. Mice in WT+ IDPN group and Tyrobp -/-+ IDPN group were injected with IDPN intraperitoneally at a dose of 150 mg/kg·d, while mice in WT+ NS group and Tyrobp -/-+ NS group were injected with equal volume of normal saline, once a day for 7 days. Then stereotypical behavior of mice were evaluated. Western blot was used to detect the levels of Tyrobp, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, TLR4, Myd88, p-NF-κB p65 and p-IκBα in the striatum of mice. Immunofluorescence staining was used to observe the activation of microglia. Statistical analysis was performed using GraphPad Prism 8.0 software, and t-test was used for comparison between two groups. One-way ANOVA was used to compare the means of multiple samples, and LSD test was used for further pairwise comparison. Results:The results of behavior assessment showed that there were significant differences in the motor stereotypic behavior and categorical stereotypic behavior score( F=270.9, 379.7, P<0.01), and the scores in WT+ IDPN group were higher than those in Tyrobp -/-+ IDPN group (motor stereotypic behavior: (3.23±0.26), (2.13±0.21), t=9.02, P<0.05; categorical stereotypic behavior: (45.80±4.29), (26.60±3.48), t=12.00, P<0.05). Western blot results showed that there were significant differences in the protein expression level of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, TLR4, Myd88, p-NF-κB p65 and p-IκBα ( F=29.07, 23.09, 39.36, 57.6, 52.55, 15.50, 40.48, all P<0.05), the level of those in WT + IDPN group was higher than those in WT+ NS group( t=8.31, 7.37, 8.13, 11.43, 10.47, 6.05, 9.96, all P<0.05), Tyrobp -/-+ IDPN group was higher than Tyrobp -/-+ NS group ( t=3.60, 3.00, 5.84, 4.81, 3.59, 2.26, 4.68, all P<0.05), and WT + IDPN group was higher than Tyrobp -/-+ IDPN group ( t=3.97, 3.93, 4.14, 6.40, 7.63, 3.45, 3.03, all P<0.05). Immunofluorescence showed that microglial cells in the striatum region of mice in WT+ IDPN group and Tyrobp -/-+ IDPN group were enlarged and microglial cells were activated, and the activation pattern of microglial cells in WT+ IDPN group was more obvious than that in Tyrobp -/-+ IDPN group. Conclusion:Tyrobp may be involved in the pathogenesis of Tourette's syndrome by promoting neuroinflammation mediated by TLR4/Myd88/NF-κB signaling pathway.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 851-862, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014983

ABSTRACT

Polysaccharide drugs are a type of safe and effective natural drug with a wide range of pharmacological activity such as anti-tumor, immunomodulation, and oxidation, and polysaccharide drugs are currently more concerned. However, since the molecular weight of the polysaccharide is quite large, most of which do not have ultraviolet absorption and fluorescent groups, which makes the qualitative and quantitative analysis of polysaccharides are relatively difficult. In addition, endogenous sugar substances may also cause certain interference to polysaccharide assay in biological samples, and therefore, in vivo metabolism and PK/PD key technologies in polysaccharide drugs have been research hotspots. This paper summarizes the relevant literature published in recent years, reviewing the biological activity and pharmacokinetics of polysaccharide drugs, proposing gut bacteria may be potential "organ" affecting metabolism and efficacy of polysaccharide drugs, and providing thoughts on gut bacteria mediating polysaccharide drugs in vivo and key technology research of PK/PD, in order to provide more scientific ideas for pharmacokinetics, pharmacological research and molecular mechanisms of polysaccharide drugs.

11.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 199-203, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885403

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether children with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECT) still have attention network damage and its correlative factors after complete remission.Methods:Thirty BECT patients over 16 years old and without seizures over two years (BECT group; 21 males, nine females, median age 17 years) in the Department of Neurology, Provincial Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2010 and 42 healthy controls (control group; 30 males, 12 females, median age 17 years) from the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were tested by the attention network test tool.Results:There was not statistically significant difference in the accuracy rate and total reaction time of attention network test between the BECT group and the control group [97.0% (95.0%, 99.0%) vs 98.0% (95.5%, 98.0%), Z=-0.437, P=0.662; 587.50 (523.50, 668.75) ms vs 610.00 (584.25, 631.75) ms, Z=-0.320, P=0.749; respectively]. And there was not statistically significant difference in the efficiency of the alert network, directional network, and executive control network in the BECT group compared with the control group [(46.13±24.97) ms vs (48.52±27.65) ms, t=-0.376, P=0.708; (32.23±18.12) ms vs (33.21±19.68) ms, t=-0.215, P=0.830; (124.50±39.87) ms vs (117.60±50.13) ms, t=0.626, P=0.533; respectively]. The accuracy of attention network test was positively correlated with the age of onset ( b=0.925, P=0.012), and was negatively correlated with the total number of seizures ( b=-0.853, P=0.025). Conclusion:Although the accuracy of attention network test in BECT patients after remission was correlated with age of onset and total number of seizures, BECT patients had no attention network damage after complete remission compared with healthy controls.

12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 711-716, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883050

ABSTRACT

Sexual health is an important part of the overall health of patients.The ability of nurses to carry out sexual health care directly affects the overall level of medical care. This article reviews the concepts of sexual health and sexual health care, the evaluation tools of sexual health care, the practical models and influencing factors of nurses' sexual health care, with a view to providing a reference for improving the practice level of nurses carrying out sexual health care.

13.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 128-144, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880899

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has poor prognosis due to limited therapeutic options. This study examines the roles of genome-wide association study identified PDAC-associated genes as therapeutic targets. We have identified HNF4G gene whose silencing most effectively repressed PDAC cell invasiveness. HNF4G overexpression is induced by the deficiency of transcriptional factor and tumor suppressor SMAD4. Increased HNF4G are correlated with SMAD4 deficiency in PDAC tumor samples and associated with metastasis and poor survival time in xenograft animal model and in patients with PDAC (log-rank P = 0.036; HR = 1.60, 95% CI = 1.03-2.47). We have found that Metformin suppresses HNF4G activity via AMPK-mediated phosphorylation-coupled ubiquitination degradation and inhibits in vitro invasion and in vivo metastasis of PDAC cells with SMAD4 deficiency. Furthermore, Metformin treatment significantly improve clinical outcomes and survival in patients with SMAD4-deficient PDAC (log-rank P = 0.022; HR = 0.31, 95% CI = 0.14-0.68) but not in patients with SMAD4-normal PDAC. Pathway analysis shows that HNF4G may act in PDAC through the cell-cell junction pathway. These results indicate that SMAD4 deficiency-induced overexpression of HNF4G plays a critical oncogenic role in PDAC progression and metastasis but may form a druggable target for Metformin treatment.

14.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 958-960, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909152

ABSTRACT

Cutaneous malignant melanoma arises from the neural crest-derived melanocytes and is a highly malignant tumor with complex clinical and pathological manifestations. In recent years, its incidence rate is increasing gradually. It is one of the most common cutaneous malignant tumors. This paper reviews the advances of the diagnosis of cutaneous malignant melanoma.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 540-543, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868231

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible related factors of Beh?et's disease complicated with tendinitis, in order to better understand the etiology and development mechanism so to guide clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The clinical data of patients with Beh?et's disease complicated with tendonitis treated at Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of Lanzhou University Second Hospital from October 2018 to September 2019 were retrospectively reviewed and related literature were reviewed.Results:Two patients were diagnosed as Beh?et's disease. Foot pain occurred during the treatment. Ultrasound showed tendonitis, and the corresponding treatment relieved the symptoms.Conclusion:Tendons may be involved and presents as a chronic change in patients with Beh?et's disease. In patients with rheumatic diseases, attention should be paid to the correlation between the disease and tendonitis. Aggressive treatment can prevent adverse consequences.

16.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 676-682, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828871

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of etomidate on electrophysiological properties and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) of ventral horn neurons in the spinal cord.@*METHODS@#The spinal cord containing lumbosacral enlargement was isolated from 19 neonatal SD rats aged 7-12 days. The spinal cord were sliced and digested with papain (0.18 g/30 mL artificial cerebrospinal fluid) and incubated for 40 min. At the ventral horn, acute mechanical separation of neurons was performed with fire-polished Pasteur pipettes, and perforated patch-clamp recordings combined with pharmacological methods were employed on the adherent healthy neurons. In current-clamp mode, the spontaneous action potential (AP) of the ventral horn neurons in the spinal cord was recorded. The effects of pretreatment with different concentrations of etomidate on AP recorded in the ventral horn neurons were examined. In the voltage-clamp mode, nicotine was applied to induce inward currents in the ventral horn neurons, and the effect of pretreatment with etomidate on the inward currents induced by nicotine were examined with different etomidate concentrations, different holding potentials and different use time.@*RESULTS@#The isolated ventral horn neurons were in good condition with large diverse somata and intact processes. The isolated spinal ventral horn neurons (=21) had spontaneous action potentials, and were continuously perfused for 2 min with 0.3, 3.0 and 30.0 μmol/L etomidate. Compared with those before administration, the AP amplitude, spike potential amplitude and overshoot were concentration-dependently suppressed ( < 0.01), and spontaneous discharge frequency was obviously reduced ( < 0.01, =12). The APs of the other 9 neurons were completely abolished by etomidate at 3.0 or 30 μmol/L. At the same holding potential (VH=-70 mV), pretreatment with 0.3, 3.0 or 30.0 μmol/L etomidate for 2 min concentration-dependently suppressed the current amplitude induced by 0.4 mmol/L nicotine ( < 0.01, =7). At the holding potentials of - 30, - 50, and - 70 mV, pretreatment with 30.0 μmol/L etomidate for 2 min voltage-dependently suppressed the current amplitude induced by 0.4 mmol/L nicotine ( < 0.01, =6 for each holding potential). During the 6 min of 30.0 μmol/L etomidate pretreatment, the clamped cells were exposed to 0.4 mmol/L nicotine for 4 times at 0, 2, 4, and 6 min (each exposure time was 2 s), and the nicotinic current amplitude decreased gradually as the number of exposures increased. But at the same concentration, two nicotine exposures (one at the beginning and the other at the end of the 6 min pretreatment) resulted in a significantly lower inhibition rate compared with 4 nicotine exposures ( < 0.01, =6).@*CONCLUSIONS@#etomidate reduces the excitability of the spinal ventral neurons in a concentration-dependent manner and suppresses the function of nAChR in a concentration-, voltage-, and use-dependent manner.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Animals, Newborn , Etomidate , Neurons , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Spinal Cord
17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 126-129, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754386

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the vascular anatomy of the stomach, especially the right gastroepiploic artery for the reconstruc-tion of a gastric tube during esophagectomy. Methods: The vascular anatomy of the stomach was studiing in 28 embalmed human specimens provided by the Department of Anatomy, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, included 10 female and 18 male spec-imens. The length and diameter of gastric vessels were measured. The ratio of the length of the right gastroepiploic artery to the length of the greater curvature was calculated. Anastomosis between the left and right gastroepiploic arteries was also assessed. Re-sults: Twenty-five left gastric arteries were observed in the autopsies, with the mean diameter of 3.40 (2.10-6.40) mm. Twenty-one right gastric arteries were measured, with the mean diameter of 1.97 (0.68-3.56) mm. Twenty-six left gastroepiploic arteries were ob-served, with the mean diameter of 1.87 (0.80-2.96) mm. Twenty-eight right gastroepiploic arteries were measured, with the mean di-ameter of 2.82 (1.58-4.80) mm. The mean lengths of the 28 right gastroepiploic arteries and their greater curvatures were 216.71 (120-318) mm and 356.39 (248-487) mm, respectively. The ratio of the length of right gastroepiploic arteries and greater curvatures was 0.61 (0.45-0.82). The anastomosis between the left and right gastroepiploic arteries was observed in 60.7% (17/28) of the specimens. Conclusions: The length and diameter of gastric vessels were calculated. It was assumed that the right gastroepiploic artery provides an average of 61% of the blood supply for the great curvature. In addition, the anastomotic branch of the right and left gastroepiploic arteries was observed in 60.7% specimens. These anatomical data allow surgeons to estimate the blood supply and to choose an opti-mal method of gastric tube reconstruction during esophagectomy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 941-945, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801044

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of deep learning in CT image segmentation and further lesion-volume assessment of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage.@*Methods@#A total of 1 223 cases of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage including parenchymal hemorrhage, ventricular hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage and mixture hemorrhage, from April 2016 to April 2018 in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, were retrospectively enrolled and analyzed. The patients were randomly divided into training set (905 cases), validation set (156 cases) and test set (162 cases), among each group, the number of parenchymal hemorrhage was 498, 107 and 100, respectively. The bleeding area manually outlined by physician was served as the reference standard to build the segmentation model and to evaluate the performance of the validation set. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the volume calculated by reference standard. The volume of hematoma in group 1 was less than 5 ml, while group 2 was 5-25 ml, and group 3 was more than 25 ml. Comparison of the hematoma volume calculated by segmentation model and that calculated by ABC/2 formula was conducted in 97 simple intraparenchymal hemorrhage cases.@*Results@#In 162 cases of test set, the Dice coefficients of the segmentation model were 0.87, 0.85, 0.67 and 0.77 in parenchymal hemorrhage, intraventricular hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage and mixture hemorrhage, respectively. The estimated hematoma volume in the 97 intraparenchymal hemorrhage cases calculated by the segmentation model was (29.55±37.69) ml, and that calculated by the ABC/2 formula was (24.04±31.22) ml. Compared with reference standard, the absolute errors of three segmentation model were (0.52±0.54), (1.53±1.22) and (7.93±8.49) ml in group 1, 2 and 3 respectively. The absolute errors of the ABC/2 formula were (0.68±0.60), (3.16±2.90) and (19.31±17.23) ml in group 1, 2 and 3.@*Conclusion@#Deep learning based segmentation model improved detection of intraparenchymal hematoma volume, compared with ABC/2 formula.

19.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1867-1869,1873, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733379

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between CT characteristics and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)mutations in pulmonary adenocarcinoma.Methods 82 patients (87 lesions)with pulmonary adenocarcinoma were retrospectively collected.All patients were underwent CT examination before operation,and EGFR gene were determined after operation.Results EGFR mutations were found in 44 of 87 lesions (50.57%).The EGFR mutations rate was 50.00% in females and 47.50% in males,there was no statistical difference between genders (P=0.821).The EGFR mutations rate was 46.55% in the right lung and 58.62% in the left lung,while no statistically significant difference was found (P=0.289).Among all the CT characteristics,the mutations rate was 63.89% in spiculated lesions and 60.71% in lesions with pleural indentation,the differences was statistically significant (P<0.05).The mutations rate was 59.25% in lesions containing solid component and 36.36% in pure ground glass opacity lesions,the difference was statistically significant (P=0.011). There were no statistically differences in lobulation,cavitation and lymphadenectasis (P>0.05).The pleural indentation was the highest in sensitivity (77.27%)and negative predictive value (67.74%).The spiculation was the highest in specificity (69.77%)and positive predictive value (63.89%).Conclusion Among all the CT characteristics,pleural indentation,spiculation and the lesion containing solid component are prone to EGFR mutations.

20.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2134-2140, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752175

ABSTRACT

Object: To systematically evaluate the effect of Danhong injection combined with conventional medication on inflammatory factors after percutaneous coronary intervention in coronary heart disease, and providing evidence for further research and design. Methods: PubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMbase, MEDLINE, CBM, VIP, CMCI, CNKI, Wanfang Medical Database and other Chinese and foreign medical databases collected the clinical study of Danhong injection in the treatment of inflammatory factors after coronary intervention, using Revman 5.3 software for analysis.Results: A total of 7 studies were included, including 831 patients. 1) Inflammatory response index: hs-CRP of danhong injection treatment group was significantly different from that of control group [RR=-0.86, 95%CI (-1.03, -0.69), P <0.0001]. There were significant differences in IL-6 test values between the danhong injection group and the control group[RR =-1.19, 95%CI (-1.41, -0.96), P < 0.00001]. The MMP-9 test values of danhong injection group were significantly different from those of the control group [RR =-0.39, 95%CI (-0.78, -0.00), P = 0.05]. 2) Myocardial injury index:There were significant differences in the CK MB test values of danhong injection treatment group and control group[RR =-0.89, 95% CI (-1.12, -0.67, P < 0.00001) ]. The cTnT test values of the danhong injection group were significantly different from those of the control group [RR =-1.25, 95%CI (-1.51, -0.98), P < 0.00001]. Conclusion:Current research indicates that Danhong injection can reduce inflammatory factors hs-CRP, IL-6 and MMP-9 and myocardial injury indicators creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) after coronary intervention. In other words, Danhong injection can reduce the levels of inflammatory factors such as hs-CRP, IL-6 and MMP-9 and improve the myocardial injury index such as CK-MB and cTnT after coronary intervention, and then have a certain protective effect on the myocardium. However, the above conclusions still need further research and verification.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL