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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911595

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of KLF11 in gastric cancer tissues and cell lines as well as its effect on proliferation and apoptosis of human gastric cancer cells BGC823.Methods:Sixty pairs gastric cancer tissues and corresponding adjacent tissues were collected. The expression of KLF11 mRNA in gastric cancer tissues and their adjacent tissues was detected by RT-PCR. The expression of KLF11 was detected in gastric cancer cells. KLF11 expression was silenced. The proliferation of cells were detected by using MTT assay. Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell cycle and cell apoptosis rate. Western bloting was used to examine the changes of concentration of proteins associated with cell cycle,cell apoptosis and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway related proteins. The activity of Caspase3 enzyme was detected by spectrophotometry.Results:The relative expression of KLF11 mRNA in gastric carcinoma tissues was significantly higher than that of the adjacent tissues ( t=11.38, P<0.05). Its expression was related to tumor size, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis and TNM clinical stage (all P<0.05). The proliferation of BGC823 cells was significantly suppressed after KLF11 silencing ( F=19.56, P<0.05), and the cell cycle was arrested in G 0/G 1 phase [(41.40%±0.98%) vs. (66.53%±1.01%), F=32.69, P<0.05]. Meanwhile, the apoptosis rate was significantly increased by KFL11 silencing [(41.44%±1.59%) vs. (15.42%±0.86%), F=35.35, P<0.05]. The results of Western blotting revealed that the expression of Bax and Cleaved Caspase3 was significantly increased ( F=23.33, 33.63; both P<0.05), wheras that of β-catenin, Bcl-2, CyclinD1and CyclinE was significantly reduced ( F=22.21, 16.24, 26.75, 33.42; all P<0.05). The activity of Caspase3 enzyme was enhanced ( F=16.56, P<0.05). Conclusion:KLF11 was highly-expressed in gastric cancer tissues and cells, KFL11 silencing could inhibit gastric cancer cells proliferation and induce cell apoptosis via Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798728

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To improve the understanding and diagnosis and treatment level of infant with Takayasu arteritis (TA) by analyzing the clinical features of 14 pediatric patients and reviewing related articles.@*Methods@#The clinical and follow-up data of infants with TA who were admitted to the Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics between July 2016 and May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.By reviewing related articles, the clinical features of this disease were summarized.@*Results@#The age of 14 patients (including 6 males and 8 females) were between 1 month and 23 days and 28 months.The most common clinical manifestations were fever in 10 cases (71.4%), hypertension in 9 cases (64.3%), weak or no pulse in 5 cases (35.7%). According to the clinical type of lesion vessels, 11 cases (78.5%) were generalized type, 3 cases (21.4%) were brachiocephalic artery type, and there was no thoracic abdominal aorta or single pulmonary artery type in this group.Among 14 infants with TA, 12 cases had common carotid artery, carotid artery, subclavian artery, coronary artery and its branches (anterior descending branch, circumflex branch) involved (85.7%); 11 cases had renal artery involved (78.6%); 9 cases had radial artery involved (64.2%); 8 cases had abdominal aorta involved (57.1%); 6 cases had descending aorta involved (42.9%); 6 cases had thoracic aorta involved (42.9%); 6 cases had superior mesenteric artery involved (42.9%); 5 cases had femoral artery involved (35.7%); 5 cases had pulmonary artery involved (35.7%); and 4 cases had brachial artery involved (28.6%). In those 14 patients, 11 cases were misdiagnosed, and 3 cases had unclear diagnosis, with misdiagnosis duration of 18 days to 2 months.In misdiagnosed cases, 8 cases were misdiagnosed as atypical Kawasaki disease.Among those 14 cases, the ranges of most lesions were gradually decreased, and the slightly involved vessels even completely returned to normal state after treatment in 7 cases.The vascular imaging showed no significant exacerbation or improvement in 4 cases.Nine cases developed hypertension, the blood pressure of whom could be controlled within normal range with hypotensive drugs which could not be interrupted.Physical examination found weak or no pulse in 5 cases who were not improved.Among 14 patients, 7 cases showed normal development, while the height and body mass of another 7 cases were the 25th percentile below those of normal children of the same age.All 14 patients were followed up for 2-22 months and received regular treatment without recurrence.@*Conclusions@#TA patients aged less than 3 years tend to have more blood vessels involved, be in serious condition and have higher rate of misdiagnosis.The disease can be controlled quickly after treatment, but vascular diseases may be developed easily.Some patients have a poor prognosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 998-1002, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868359

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the CT features of benign and malignant thymus diseases in order to improve the diagnostic accuracy of thymus diseases in children.Methods:The clinical data and imaging data of children with thymic diseases who underwent CT examination in children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from August 2014 to may 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 18 females with an average age of (6±4) years (range 5 days to 14.2 years). According to the clinical diagnosis and/or pathological results, all children were divided into benign group (22 cases) and malignant group (28 cases). The clinical manifestations and CT signs (thymus volume, shape, border, density, internal characteristics, relationship with surrounding structures, enhancement pattern and extent) of benign group and malignant group were summarized and compared.Results:The clinical manifestations of benign group and malignant group were varied, and fever was the most common sign. In the benign group, 8 cases showed thymus deficiency, all of them were diagnosed as primary immunodeficiency disease, and the clinical manifestations were repeated and persistent respiratory tract infection history. In 28 cases of malignant group, 20 cases had peripheral invasion and distant metastasis, including 7 cases of lymph node, 6 cases of pleura, 6 cases of lung, 2 cases of pericardium, 2 cases of liver, 2 cases of spleen, 2 cases of kidney and 1 case of bone. All 6 cases of pleural involvement occurred in children with non Hodgkin′s lymphoma. There were significant differences in CT findings between the two groups ( P<0.05); there were no significant differences in terms of shape, density, internal calcification or cystic change, enhancement pattern and enhancement extent of thymus lesions between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Benign lesions of thymus usually manifests as absence or normal size of thymus, well-defined, non-necrotic, no displacement of vessels, no peripheral or distant invasion on CT; whereas malignant lesions are mostly enlarged, well or ill-defined, with internal necrosis and vessel displacement, surrounding or distant invasion. CT manifestations of benign and malignant thymus diseases have featured characteristics, and the combination of clinical manifestations is helpful for the differential diagnosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 655-659, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the imaging manifestation and the value of imaging follow-up in Takayasu arteritis with pulmonary artery involvement in children.Methods:The data of Takayasu arteritis with pulmonary artery involvement in 7 children in Children Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from July 2014 to June 2019, were summarized retrospectively, including 1 boy and 6 girls. There were 6 children under 1 year old, the age ranged from 2 to 7 months and the median age was 3 months old. Another child was 12 years old. CT images of all cases in the initial diagnosis and during the follow-up were reconstructed. The diameters and wall thickness of arteries were observed, including ascending aorta, main pulmonary artery, left and right pulmonary artery and each lobe pulmonary artery. The diameter ratio of main pulmonary artery to ascending aorta (MPA/AAO) was calculated. The pulmonary artery pressure, the diameters of left and right coronary artery were measured using echocardiography and compared in the initial diagnosis and during the follow-up.Results:All the 7 cases showed main pulmonary artery, left and right pulmonary artery widened, 6 cases showed lobe pulmonary arteries widened, 2 cases showed main pulmonary artery, left and right pulmonary artery wall thickened, and 6 cases showed lobe pulmonary arteries wall thickened. All the 7 cases showed MPA/AAO>1 in the initial diagnosis, but only 1 case (12-year-old girl) presented pulmonary hypertension from echocardiography. All the 7 cases showed coronary artery dilated in different degrees and ranges in the initial diagnosis, including 3 cases with bilateral coronary artery dilatation and 4 unilaterally. Five children were followed up and showed improvement of pulmonary artery dilatation in 4 cases and progress in 1 case. MPA/AAO decreased in 4 cases and increased in 1 case. The pulmonary hypertension of the 12-year-old patient decreased during the follow-up, and the MPA/AAO also decreased from 1.64 to 1.01. Coronary artery dilatation decreased in 4 of 5 cases during the follow-up.Conclusion:CT imaging can clearly show pulmonary arteries, which plays an important role in the diagnosis and assessment of the treatment effect in Takayasu arteritis with pulmonary artery involvement in children.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 578-581, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868313

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the brain MR imaging features and their correlations in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS).Methods:The brain MRI data of 19 patients with clinically confirmed MPS between December 2015 and October 2018 in children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics were analyzed retrospectively. MRI abnormalities, including perivascular spaces enlargement, white matter abnormality (WMA), subarachnoid and ventricular enlargement, sella abnormalities, dens hypoplasia, periodontoid thickening, spinal stenosis, myelopathy and vertebral abnormalities were reviewed and graded. The relationships among MR imaging features and between MRI and age were analyzed with Spearman correlation analysis. Results:Among the 19 patients, there were 11 cases of widened perivascular space, 9 cases of abnormal signal of white matter, 14 cases of widened subarachnoid space, 10 cases of ventricular dilatation, 14 cases of morphological abnormality of sella turcica, 13 cases of hypoplasia of odontoid process, 5 cases of thickening of soft tissue around odontoid process, 11 cases of spinal canal stenosis, 2 cases of cervical spinal cord abnormality, and 7 cases of morphological abnormality of cervical vertebral bodies. There was positive correlation between WMA and perivascular spaces enlargement ( r=0.6000, P=0.007). There was significant correlation between subarachnoid space enlargement and ventricular dilatation ( r=0.719, P=0.001), while MRI features and age, spinal stenosis and periodontoid thickening showed no significant correlation . Conclusions:The spectrum of brain MRI abnormalities in MPS is extremely wide, including perivascular spaces enlargement, WMA, subarachnoid and ventricle space enlargement, sella turcica abnormalities, dens hypoplasia, periodontoid thickening, spinal stenosis, myelopathy and vertebral abnormalities. MRI is helpful for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of MPS.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863969

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the understanding and diagnosis and treatment level of infant with Takayasu arteritis (TA) by analyzing the clinical features of 14 pediatric patients and reviewing related articles.Methods The clinical and follow-up data of infants with TA who were admitted to the Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics between July 2016 and May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.By reviewing related articles,the clinical features of this disease were summarized.Results The age of 14 patients (including 6 males and 8 females) were between 1 month and 23 days and 28 months.The most common clinical manifestations were fever in 10 cases (71.4%),hypertension in 9 cases (64.3%),weak or no pulse in 5 cases (35.7%).According to the clinical type of lesion vessels,11 cases (78.5%) were generalized type,3 cases (21.4%) were brachiocephalic artery type,and there was no thoracic abdominal aorta or single pulmonary artery type in this group.Among 14 infants with TA,12 cases had common carotid artery,carotid artery,subclavian artery,coronary artery and its branches (anterior descending branch,circumflex branch) involved (85.7%);11 cases had renal artery involved (78.6%);9 cases had radial artery involved (64.2%);8 cases had abdominal aorta involved (57.1%);6 cases had descending aorta involved (42.9%);6 cases had thoracic aorta involved (42.9%);6 cases had superior mesenteric artery involved (42.9%);5 cases had femoral artery involved (35.7%);5 cases had pulmonary artery involved (35.7%);and 4 cases had brachial artery involved (28.6%).In those 14 patients,11 cases were misdiagnosed,and 3 cases had unclear diagnosis,with misdiagnosis duration of 18 days to 2 months.In misdiagnosed cases,8 cases were misdiagnosed as atypical Kawasaki disease.Among those 14 cases,the ranges of most lesions were gradually decreased,and the slightly involved vessels even completely returned to normal state after treatment in 7 cases.The vascular imaging showed no significant exacerbation or imnprovement in 4 cases.Nine cases developed hypertension,the blood pressure of whom could be controlled within normal range with hypotensive drugs which could not be interrupted.Physical examination found weak or no pulse in 5 cases who were not improved.Among 14 patients,7 cases showed normal development,while the height and body mass of another 7 cases were the 25th percentile below those of normal children of the same age.All 14 patients were followed up for 2-22 months and received regular treatment without recurrence.Conclusions TA patients aged less than 3 years tend to have more blood vessels involved,be in serious condition and have higher rate of misdiagnosis.The disease can be controlled quickly after treatment,but vascular diseases may be developed easily.Some patients have a poor prognosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 502-506, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754947

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between MRI findings and defecation function after laparoscopic?assisted anorectal pull?through for anorectal malformations. Methods A retrospective cohort study focused on the findings of MRI performed after laparoscopic?assisted anorectal pull?through for anorectal malformations and no spinal deformity was present in all patients who are currently older than 3 years. Forty?two patients aged from 3 to 16 years (median age was 4 years), whom accepted operation at 3 months to 13 years old(median age was 5 months), and MRI was carried out in 2 to 5 months after operation (median time was 3 months). The MRI manifestations including the relationship between the anorect and the high muscle complex(RAHMC), anorectal angle(AA); the relationship between the anorect and the low muscle complex(RALMC), the rectal maximum diameter(RMD), the fat tissue interposition(FTI) and the development of pelvic floor muscle(PFM) were reviewed and summarized. Statistically, the differences of MRI manifestations in different defecation function index, including the degree of voluntary bowel movements, soiling, constipation and Krickenbeck score were evaluated respectively with Chi?square test or rank sum test. Results statistically, There was significant differences among the groups with different degree of voluntary bowel movements, soiling and Krickenbeck score in the RAHMC (P<0.05), and AA was correlated with the degree of voluntary bowel movements, soiling, constipation and Krickenbeck score(P<0.05), but no significant differences was found among the groups with different defecation function index in the RALMC, the RMD, the FTI and the development of PFM(P>0.05). Conclusions The deviation of the anorect from the high muscle complex which showed in the postoperative MRI pictures suggested the poor prognosis, and well?developed pelvic floor muscles which indicated in the MRI was not the sufficient predictor for good outcome. Postoperative anorectal angle obtained in the MRI can be used as an objective indicator of prognosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 784-788, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707991

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the imaging features of solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of pancreas (SPN) in children, and to improve the awareness of the disease. Methods From January 2007 to December 2016, 12 patients with SPN proven pathologically were enrolled in the study,of whom 12 cases underwent CT scanning and 3 cases underwent MRI scanning. The imaging data of SPN were analyzed retrospectively. The tumor parameters included the location, size, shape, margin, capsule, form, inhancement degree, and presence of calcification, biliary obstruction, surrounding, ascites, lymph node metastasis, as well as distant metastasis, which were comparative analyzed with that of pathology. Results CT showed that 3 cases were located in the head of pancreas,7 cases were located in the body/tail of pancreas, and 2 cases were ectopic. Twelve cases were circular tumors, the diameter of which ranged from 28—76 mm (median diameter 48 mm). Capsules were showed in 10 cases, calcification was seen in 4 cases and hemorrhage was seen in 1 case. Three cases were solid, 8 cases were solid and cystic mixed,and 1 case was cystic. The tumors were heterogeneous, and the solid portion of SPN was moderately to obviously enhanced gradually whereas the cystic part remained unenhanced. Nine cases showed that the tumors growed to the outside of pancreas,in which 4 cases covered by the normal pancreas tissue, 1 case located inside of the pancreas. One case caused biliary obstruction and the collateral circulation of splenic arteriovenous was established in 2 cases due to tumor compressed. Ascites was seen in 2 cases. MRI showed that the cystic components of tumor in 3 cases showed low signal in T1WI and high signal in T2WI, with no enhancement. The solid components of the tumor showed equal signal in T1WI and slightly higher signal in T2WI, with obvious enhancement. Capsules were showed in 3 cases with low signal in T1WI and T2WI, which were obviously enhanced in 2 cases and without enhancement in 1 case;hemorrhage was showed high signal in T1WI in 1 case. No lymph node metastasis and distance metastasis were observed in 12 cases. Conclusions The characteristic imaging findings of SPN in children are boundary clear, capsules, calcification, circular pancreas tumors, which grow to the outside of pancreas, with varied degrees of hemorrhage and necrosis. The solid portion of SPN is moderately or obviously enhanced gradually.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 692-695, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707982

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the imaging diagnostic performance by analyzing US and CT findings of pancreatoblastoma in children. Methods From January 2000 to December 2016, 9 patients with pancreatoblastoma proven pathologically were enrolled in the study. The clinical and imaging features in 9 cases were analyzed retrospectively, the tumor parameters compared with intraoperative and postoperative pathology were location, size, texture, capsule, calcification, adjacent organs invasion and lymph node metastasis. The parameter of tumor size was evaluated by intraclass correlation coefficient. Results The tumor diameter ranged from 30-95 mm (median diameter 40 mm). Six tumors located in the head of the pancreas, 3 tumors located in the body and tail of the pancreas. One tumor was pure cystic, 2 tumors were solid and cystic mixed, 5 tumors were solid. Calcification was seen in 5 cases. Capsule was seen in 5 cases. Blood vessels, biliary tract and bowel around tumors were infiltrated by tumors in 3 cases proven by the pathology. Lymphadenectasis was seen in 2 cases, in which 1 case was metastasis. There were no significant differences in location, nature, calcification on US and CT. The largest diameter measured by CT and US was consistent with the tumor''s actual size, ICC=0.90.Capsule was shown by US in 5 cases and CT in 3 cases. CT showed the morphology of calcification in 5 cases, lymphadenectasis in 2 cases, abdominal effusion in 2 cases, cavernous transformation of the portal vein with the extensive collaterals in 1 case, which were not shown by US. Both US and CT dit not show the surrounding tissue infiltrated by tumors in 3 cases,but showed biliary system expansion. Conclusions The typical pancreatoblastoma manifested as encapsulated solid tumor originated in the pancreas with necrosis and calcification. US examination took a slight advantage on displaying capsule of tumor than CT. CT was more clear and intuitive in showing calcification and relationship between tumor with surrounding tissues and lymph node, and no operator dependent.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607801

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the CT manifestations of pediatric mesenechymal hamartoma of liver (MHL).Methods Clinical data of 15 cases with MHL confirmed by surgery and pathology were retrospectively analyzed.All children were performed with CT scans including plain and enhanced scans,and the imaging features were analyzed.Results All the lesions were solitary,and 9 masses located at the right lobe of liver,4 located at the left lobe,the others located at both right and left lobe.The maximum diameter of lesions was from 5 cm to 30 cm,with an average of (11.52±6.84) cm.Ten cases were cystic and solid mixed,5 cases were solid.After contrast administration,the solid component and the septa of the masses showed enhancement while no enhancement was observed in the cystic component.Two cases had the spot-like calcification.Conclusion MHL has some special characteristics in the CT scan before surgery,which should be differentiated from other cystic and solid tumors of live.Some MHLs can be diagnosed when combined with the clinical information and CT images.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607800

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the CT features of hepatic focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) in children.Methods Thirteen patients with FNH,which was confirmed by postoperative pathology,were enrolled retrospectively.Plain and contrast CT were performed on all patients before operation.The CT imaging features of FNH including size,shape,density,style of contrast were analyzed retrospectively and compared with pathology.Results There were 13 patients with 16 lesions,8 lesions were found in the right lobe,5 lesions in the left lobe and 3 lesions involving both lobes.The tumor size ranged from 5.5 cm to 11.5 cm (media size 7.5 cm) in diameter.Histologically,2 cases were typical type,11 cases were atypical type.The lesions were regular morphology in 12 cases and 1 case with capsule.On plain CT,the lesions were isodensity (n=1) or slightly low-density (n=12).In 2 typical type lesions,there were slit-like,stellate-shaped low density central scars.Arterial phase demonstrated that 12 cases were significantly enhanced and 1 case showed mild enhancement.The central scar was not enhanced.In 12 cases,thickened and torturous arteries were seen.The enhancement was reduced at the portal venous phase in all the lesions,with 10 cases showing slightly higher density,2cases isodensity and 1 case low-density.Two cases showed mild enhancement of the central scar.The enhancement of the solid portion in all lesions decreased at the delay phase,with 12 cases showing isodensity and 1 case slightly low density.Two cases with central scar showed delayed enhancement with slightly higher density.Conclusion The CT features of FNH in children are diversified but distinctive which are related with postoperative pathological findings.Combining with clinical symptoms and CT features can be helpful for the early diagnosis of FNH in children.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607799

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the CT findings of pediatric hepatoblastoma and its correlation with pathological subtypes.Methods CT findings and pathological characteristics of 110 patients with hepatoblastoma confirmed by pathology were retrospectively analyzed.Results The locations of the tumor were right lobe (67/110,60.90%),right and left lobe (25/110,22.72%),left lobe (15/110,13.63%) and caudate lobe (3/110,2.72%).The average tumor size was (287.14±272.36) cm3.Most cases were solitary (94/110,85.45%) and round shape (96/110,87.27%).Most cases were well defined (86/110,78.18 %).Necrosis were irregular in 102 cases,calcification were in 60 cases.Lung metastases were common (23/110,20.90 %) and vessel involvement were common (56/110,50.90 %).Lymph node metastasis was in 5 cases.Calcification and homogeneous enhancement in different pathological types had statistically significance (both P <0.001).Conclusion CT is helpful for pre-operation and pathological diagnose.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607796

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the CT features of hepatic echinococcosis in children.Methods Clinical and CT data of 27 cases with hepatic echinococcosis confirmed by pathology and/or serology were retrospectively analyzed.Results Totally there were 26 cases of cystic echinococcosis and 1 case of alveolar echinococcosis.Ten cases were with simple hepatic echinococcosis and 17 cases with other organic echinococcosis,18 cases of intrahepatic single hydatid and 9 cases of intrahepatic multiple hydatid.A total of 1 alveolar lesion and 47 cystic lesions were found,including unilocular cyst accounted for 51.06% (24/47),cysts with collapse of the internal capsule accounted for 42.55% (20/47),cysts with wall calcification accounted for 4.26% (2/47) and multiple cysts accounted for 2.13% (1/47).There was no solid lesions.The cyst diameters which were larger than 5 cm accounted for 74.47% (35/47).Conclusion The CT can qualitatively diagnose hepatic echinococcosis in children.It is a reliable method of examination.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 386-390, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512951

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the CT findings of different phases in pediatric hepatoblastoma (HB) based on PRETEXT system in order to optimize pediatric HB CT scan protocol. Methods A total of 58 HB patients who were surgical and pathological diagnosed from January 2015 to December 2016 were analyzed. Pre-operation CT exams were analyzed respectively. Observing items included tumor size, intra-abdominal invasion, bleeding, intrahepatic metastasis, lymphatic metastasis, metastasis (except lymphatic in abdomen) main portal vein, three main hepatic vein, inferior vena cava (IVC) invasion, para-tumor hepatic arteries, and its branches. All image findings were compared to pathological and surgical findings to calculate the agreement rate. Exact Fisher test and R × C χ2 test were used. Results According to the surgery and pathological results, the agreement rate of tumor size was n=40 (68.9%) at non-contrast phase, n=43 (74.1%) at artery phase and n=52 (91.2%) at venous phase. Venous phase was adaptive for observing tumor size (χ2=8.16,P=0.018). For main portal vein, three main hepatic vein, and IVC invasion, none was found at both non-contrast and artery phase. N=12 (20.7%, P<0.001) was found at venous phase. For para-tumor hepatic arteries, and its branches, none was found at non-contrast phase. N=46 (79.3%) was found at artery phase. N=17 (29.3%) was found at venous phase. Artery phase was adaptive for observing (P<0.001). There was no statistical significant difference in intrahepatic metastasis, lymphatic metastasis and metastasis. Conclusions Suspected pediatric HB, artery and venous phase CT scan would meet the clinical requirement, there was no need for non-contrast pahse. Follow up cases, a single venous phase was enough. Venous phase contributed much more information on tumor size and high risk prognosis evaluation.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 782-785, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662136

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the MRI manifestations of immunosuppressive drugs associated encephalopathy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children with aplastic anemia. Methods Fifteen patients with immunosuppressive drugs associated encephalopathy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for aplastic anemia during January 2014 to October 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 7 males and 8 females, aged from 3 to15 years old, with the median age of 7 years old. Ten cases presented dizziness and headache while other 4 cases presented blurred vision, blind and gaze. Only one case suffered from seizure and loss of consciousness. MRI patterns including distribution, morphology and signal intensity were analyzed after treatment. Follow up MRI were performed after reducing drug dose and symptom remission. The duration of immunosuppressive drugs associated encephalopathy of the 15 cases were 1-14 months, with 6 months in 9 cases. Results Focal lesions were found in 11 cases, in which the deep nuclei were involved in one case and the white matter was involved in 10. Four patients showed both cerebral cortex and white matter lesions, including cerebellum and brainstem invasion in one patient. No corpus callosum lesions were found. Various degree of brain atrophy was found in all patients. Cortical lesions showed swelling and involved subcortical white matter presented as arc shape or strip-like lesions. Patchy patterns were found in deep white matter. Thin layer shaped lesions were found in the periventricular white matter. Small flake-like lesions were found in the brain stem and the cerebellum. The lesions showed hypointensity on T1WI, equal or high signal on T2WI. T2WI FLAIR showed equal or high signal;DWI in the cortex and subcortical white matter lesions showed iso-or high signal, while other lesions were isointense. Eight cases acquired clinical relief in short term without obvious improvement on MRI image. Both clinical symptoms and imaging findings improved in 6 cases. One case showed clinical relief but progression on MRI. Conclusions MRI is an effective way to find immunosuppressive drugs-related encephalopathy in children with aplastic anemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. It can help the diagnosis and provide the information for clinical treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 782-785, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659463

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the MRI manifestations of immunosuppressive drugs associated encephalopathy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children with aplastic anemia. Methods Fifteen patients with immunosuppressive drugs associated encephalopathy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for aplastic anemia during January 2014 to October 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 7 males and 8 females, aged from 3 to15 years old, with the median age of 7 years old. Ten cases presented dizziness and headache while other 4 cases presented blurred vision, blind and gaze. Only one case suffered from seizure and loss of consciousness. MRI patterns including distribution, morphology and signal intensity were analyzed after treatment. Follow up MRI were performed after reducing drug dose and symptom remission. The duration of immunosuppressive drugs associated encephalopathy of the 15 cases were 1-14 months, with 6 months in 9 cases. Results Focal lesions were found in 11 cases, in which the deep nuclei were involved in one case and the white matter was involved in 10. Four patients showed both cerebral cortex and white matter lesions, including cerebellum and brainstem invasion in one patient. No corpus callosum lesions were found. Various degree of brain atrophy was found in all patients. Cortical lesions showed swelling and involved subcortical white matter presented as arc shape or strip-like lesions. Patchy patterns were found in deep white matter. Thin layer shaped lesions were found in the periventricular white matter. Small flake-like lesions were found in the brain stem and the cerebellum. The lesions showed hypointensity on T1WI, equal or high signal on T2WI. T2WI FLAIR showed equal or high signal;DWI in the cortex and subcortical white matter lesions showed iso-or high signal, while other lesions were isointense. Eight cases acquired clinical relief in short term without obvious improvement on MRI image. Both clinical symptoms and imaging findings improved in 6 cases. One case showed clinical relief but progression on MRI. Conclusions MRI is an effective way to find immunosuppressive drugs-related encephalopathy in children with aplastic anemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. It can help the diagnosis and provide the information for clinical treatment.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620996

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the exposure parameters and reduce the irradiation dose level in infants and young children during digital radiography (DR) chest radiography under the premise of satisfied image quality.Methods The thoracic thickness of 100 patients were measured.Determined the aluminum equivalent of the thoraxes of the infants and young children by comparing the grayscale value and the aluminum step wedge.Another 100 infants and young children of experimental exposure were performed with the aluminum step wedge as a phantom,under AEC control,kV was the only variant to explore the optimal exposure parameters with dose monitor simultaneously.At last,clinical validation was performed.Images quality was compared with x2 test.The radiation dose of two groups was compared with t test.Results The maximum,minimum,average thoracic thickness and their correspondent aluminum equivalent were 13.5 and 2.3 cm,8.0 and 1.4 cm,(10.6 ± 1.3) and 2.0 cm,respectively.The average thoracic thickness of experimental group was (10.1 ± 2.2) cm.The range of entrance surface dose was 0.068-0.056 mGy while the tube voltage range was 55-65 kV.The exposure index range was 0.60-0.74.The visual inspection of aluminum step wedge was from grades 8 to 11 with satisfying image quality at lower radiation.The infant chest X-ray photography exposure parameters formula have been optimized,that was kV =thoracic thickness (cm) × 2 + 38 (constant),mAs (0.8-1.0) with SID =100 cm,without filter grid.Compare to the conventional parameters,the image quality of new method had no significant differences (P > 0.05).The actual average entrance surface dose was (0.048 ± 0.007) mGy,lower than AEC group (0.066 ± 0.008) mGy.The difference was statistically significant (t =16.781,P < 0.001).Conclusions The optimized formula kV =thoracic thickness (cm) ×2 + 38(constant),mAs (0.8-1.0) with SID =100 cm was credible for lowering the radiation exposure with good image quality for clinical diagnosis.

18.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2282-2288, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778339

ABSTRACT

Primary liver tumors in children are not rare, and the incidence of malignant liver tumors in children ranks third of all malignant abdominal tumors in children, with the features of a high rate of malignancy, a high incidence of congenital tumors, and a specific age of onset. Liver tumors in children often have no specific clinical manifestations, with an insidious onset, a large volume of tumor lesion, various pathological types, and complicated locations, which makes them more difficult to treat compared with liver tumors in adults. This article reviews the imaging diagnosis of liver tumors in children and points out that with the rapid development of imaging medicine, imaging examination provides an important reference for clarifying the location of liver tumors, identifying benign or malignant tumors, and determining tumor stage.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503642

ABSTRACT

With wide applications of invasive diagnostic and therapeutic techniques,as well as immu-nosuppressors clinically,the morbidity of invasive pulmonary fungal infections( IPFIs)in children were in-creasing considerably and becoming one of the important diseases threat to life. The mortality of IPFIs in chil-dren would be reduced and the prognosis would be improved significantly with early diagnosis and treatment in-time. Radiological examinations were the basal component of the clinical evidences for diagnosing IPFIs. The main presentations include pulmonary nodules,some with“halo sign”in invasive pulmonary aspergillo-sis and pulmonary candidiasis,lobular consolidations and a little pleural effusion. Although there was no spe-cific findings radiologically,they would provide the proofs and clues for diagnosis of IPFIs combining with the data of clinics and laboratory.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493534

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the imaging manifestations of congenital intestinal malrotation. Methods The clinical data of 92 infants with congenital intestinal malrotation admitted from January 1993 to December 2012 were studied retrospectively. All the 92 cases enrolled in this study were diagnosed based on imaging examinations and confirmed surgically. The imaging features of four examinations including plain abdominal radiography, upper gastrointestinal radiography, lower gastrointestinal angiography and ultrasound examination were analyzed. Results The percentage of the infants who presented with the initial clinical symptoms of vomit, blood stool and abdominal dilatation was 87.0%(80/92), 3.3%(3/92) and 1.1%(1/92), respectively, and eight cases [8.7%(8/92)] received prenatal ultrasound, which showed intestinal malrotation. Clinical examination showed no abdominal abnormalities in 68 (73.9%) cases. Seventy-seven cases underwent plain abdominal radiography, revealing intestinal obstruction in 31 cases. Thirty-six cases underwent upper gastrointestinal radiography, which revealed malrotation in 14 cases, and duodenal complete/incomplete obstruction or stenosis in 19 cases. Twenty-two cases underwent lower gastrointestinal angiography, and all of them were diagnosed as malrotation. Seventy-nine cases were examined with abdominal ultrasonography, and 58 cases were diagnosed as malrotation. Conclusions Rational selection of imaging examinations can improve the preoperative diagnosis. When congenital intestinal malrotation is suspected, abdominal ultrasound should be done as the first optional examination. At the same time, plain abdominal radiography should be selected accordingly. When intestinal malrotation with or without midgut volvulus is suggested, surgery should be performed as early as possible. When the diagnosis is not clear, upper or lower gastrointestinal radiography should be done.

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