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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904353

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the influence of hot spring bathing intervention on population's antioxidation functions. Methods Three typical types of hot spring(metasilicic acid type, warm mineral type and temperature type)in Guizhou Province were selected for investigation. According to the inclusion-exclusion criteria, questionnaires and physical examinations results, 421 individuals were selected as observation subjects for hot spring bathing intervention, of which 311 subjects completed 40 to 50 minutes of intervention once a day, 5 days a week, and for 4 weeks. Two physical examinations before and after the intervention were conducted for the 311 subjects. The fasting venous blood samples on the mornings of two physical examinations were collected and the serum was separated. Levels of serum oxidative stress-related parameters including total superoxide dismutase(T-SOD), copper zinc superoxide dismutase(Cu-Zn SOD), glutathione sulfur transferases(GSTs)glutathione peroxidase(GSH-px), sulfhydryl(-SH)and malondialdehyde(MDA)were measured by enzymatical methods. Results The overall comparison showed that compared with before the bathing intervention, the levels of antioxidant enzymes including T-SOD, Cu-Zn SOD, GSTs and GSH-px significantly increased in serum after the intervention(all P < 0.05). There was an increasing trend of serum -SH level after the intervention, but with no statistical differences were seen(P > 0.05). MDA, a product of lipid peroxidation, significantly decreased in serum after the intervention(P < 0.05). The results of classified comparison showed that the effects of different hot spring types on antioxidant enzymes were different. Metasilicic acid type significantly increased the activities of GSTs and GSH-px in serum(all P < 0.05), warm mineral type significantly increased the activities of T-SOD and Cu-Zn SOD in serum(all P < 0.05), and temperature type significantly increased the activities of T-SOD, Cu-Zn SOD and GSTs in serum(all P < 0.05). There were increasing trends of serum -SH levels after bathing intervention of all three hot spring types, but no statistical differences were seen(all P > 0.05). The serum MDA levels decreased significantly after bathing intervention of all three types of hot springs(all P < 0.05). Conclusion Overall, bathing intervention of hot springs can improve the activities of antioxidant enzymes and reduce lipid peroxidation products in population. The results of oxidative stress parameters are slightly different in different types of hot springs. The subjects mainly show the elevation of glutathione related enzyme(GSTs and GSH-px)activities after intervention of metasilicic acid type, the elevation of superoxide dismutase(SOD)activities after intervention of warm mineral type and temperature type, and the decline of lipid peroxidation levels after intervention of all three types. It suggests that hot spring bathing may have certain effects on improving the body's antioxidation functions.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904350

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the intervention effect of typical hot spring bathing in Guizhou province on joint pain, serum anti-keratin antibody(AKA), anti-perinuclear factor antibody(APF)and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody(CCP). Methods A total of 160 people with joint pain symptoms from five typical hot spring areas in Guizhou province were selected as the subjects. They were treated with hot spring bathing intervention for 4 weeks, once a day, 5 times a week, 40 to 50 minutes each time. According to the evaluation index of physiotherapy natural mineral water in the Code for Geological Exploration and Evaluation of Natural Warm Mineral Water Resources(GB/T 13727-2016)and geological types, the five typical hot springs were divided into three different types, namely water temperature type hot springs(water temperature > 36 ℃), metasilicate type hot springs(metasilicate > 50 mg/L)and warm mineral spring type hot springs(total dissolved solids > 1 000 mg/L). WHO pain grading standard was used to score the degree of joint pain before and after hot spring bathing intervention. Serum APF, AKA and CCP antibodies were detected by ELISA kit before and after hot spring bathing. Results The joint pain score of the subjects was 2.60±0.60, and the joint pain score of the total population decreased after intervention(0.61±0.57, P < 0.05). Before intervention, the joint pain scores of water temperature type, metasilicic acid type and warm mineral spring type were 2.78±0.96, 1.98±1.15 and 3.31±0.57, respectively. After intervention, the scores of joint pain of the three kinds of hot spring bathing patients all decreased(P < 0.05), and were 0.50±0.65, 0.48±0.74 and 0.85±0.90, respectively. Before intervention, AKA(ng/L)and CCP(μg/mL)antibody levels of the observed subjects were 34.89±16.06 and 107.58±10.40, respectively, which significantly decreased after intervention(both P < 0.05), namely 26.06±10.68 and 102.93±6.01, respectively. AKA(ng/L)was 35.04±20.01 before intervention, but decreased significantly after intervention(26.61±7.54, P < 0.05). AKA(ng/L)and CCP(μg/mL)were 31.09±17.26 and 106.51±10.13 before intervention, respectively. After intervention, the above two antibody indexes significantly decreased(all P < 0.05)to 24.53±13.98 and 98.57±5.68, respectively. Before intervention, the AKA(ng/L), APF(ng/mL)and CCP(μg/mL)antibody levels were 38.40±8.66, 349.46±118.43 and 104.96±9.66, respectively. After intervention, the above three antibody indexes significantly decreased(all P < 0.05). The values were 34.00±7.55, 269.38±127.55 and 101.65±3.04, respectively. Conclusion The typical hot spring bathing intervention in Guizhou province can relieve the symptoms of joint pain, and the three types of hot springs can reduce the levels of AKA, APF and CCP antibodies to different degrees, and the warm mineral spring type of hot spring is better than the other types of hot spring.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904348

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the improvement effect of typical hot spring bathing on sleep and anxiety and its correlation with serum melatonin level in Guizhou province. Methods Five typical characteristic hot springs in Guizhou were selected according to the geological type of hot spring water. A total of 226 residents in these areas were selected for the survey and the self-rating scale of sleep(SRSS)and the self-rating anxiety scale(SAS)were used to measure their scores before and after hot spring bathing, and the correlation between the changes of SRSS and SAS scores and the serum melatonin levels were analyzed. Results The SRSS and SAS scores of the respondents after hot spring bathing were lower than before, and the difference was statistically significant(P < 0.05). Serum melatonin levels after hot spring bathing were significantly higher than before(P < 0.05), and there was a negative correlation between the changes of SRSS and SAS scores and serum melatonin levels(P < 0.05). Conclusion Typical hot springs in Guizhou Province can significantly improve the sleep quality and anxiety state, which are related to the elevation of serum melatonin level.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904347

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relieving effects of hot spring bath therapy on sleep quality for people with sleep disorders based on data from health bracelets. Methods After health examinations, 311 people with sleep disorders who participated in the bath therapy in five typical hot spring areas in Guizhou Province were selected as the subjects. A four-week hot spring bath therapy was implemented, and the bathing method and the classification of hot springs were the same as the"Overview of study of the physiotherapy efficacy of typical hot springs in Guizhou Province". The daily sleep time at night(minutes), deep sleep ratio(%), light sleep ratio(%)and rapid eye movement ratio(%)for all subjects were collected using the Huawei Honor Band 3 health bracelets. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to compare the differences in sleep quality indicators of each group at night each week. The effect of three different hot spring bath therapies on the improvement of night sleep quality was evaluated by factor analysis. Results Hot spring bath therapy can increase night sleep time and deep sleep ratio, while reducing light sleep ratio. Compared with the first week, the night sleep time in the following three weeks significantly increased(P < 0.05), especially in the fourth week; the deep sleep ratio during the third and fourth weeks was significantly higher than during the first and second weeks(P < 0.05), but the light sleep ratio was lower than during the first and second weeks(P < 0.05). The rapid eye movement ratio did not change significantly throughout the 4 weeks(P > 0.05). Further classified according to the physiotherapy components of geological hot springs, the results showed that the water temperature type of hot springs can increase night sleep time and reduce light sleep ratio; the warm mineral type of hot springs has a certain regulatory effect on increasing night sleep time, deep sleep ratio and reducing light sleep ratio; the metasilicic acid type of hot springs can improve night sleep quality by increasing night sleep time and deep sleep ratio, while reducing light sleep ratio and rapid eye movement ratio. The factor analysis results suggest that the metasilicic acid type of hot springs is better than the water temperature type and warm mineral type of hot springs in improving night sleep quality. Conclusion Hot spring bath therapy can improve the night sleep quality for people with sleep disorders to varying degrees, and the metasilicic acid type of hot springs is relatively better than other types.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904345

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of typical hot spring bathing of Guizhou Province on dyslipidemia, which could provide scientific basis for clarifying the physiotherapy effect of hot springs. Methods The typical hot spring sites of three main types(hydrothermal hot spring, warm mineral hot spring and metasilicate hot spring)in Guizhou Province were selected as investigation sites. 189 residents with hyperlipidemia near the investigation sites were selected as subjects and were treated with hot spring baths for 4 weeks, once a day, 5 times a week and 40-50 minutes each time. The age and gender distribution of the subjects were obtained by a questionnaire. The levels of TC, TG, LDL-C and HDL-C in serum were measured by automatic biochemical analyzer at baseline and at the end of hot spring baths. The differences of the three kinds of hot spring baths on improvement rate of dyslipidemia, the changes of abnormal blood lipid indexes and their improvement rates were compared. Results After baths of hydrothermal hot springs, warm mineral hot springs and metasilicate hot springs, the improvement rates of abnormally elevated lipids were 15.6%, 40.4% and 47.9%, respectively. The improvement rates of abnormally elevated lipids after baths of warm mineral hot springs and metasilicate hot springs were significantly higher than that after hydrothermal spring baths(all P < 0.05). Compared with before hot spring bathing, the levels of TC, TG, LDL-C and non-HDL-C in serum significantly decreased in all three kinds of hot springs. Moreover, the degree of decrease of TG in serum and the improvement rate of abnormal TG after baths of warm mineral spring and metasilicate hot spring were significantly higher than that after hydrothermal spring baths. The degree of decrease of LDL-C in serum and the improvement rate of abnormal LDL-C after baths of metasilicate hot spring were significantly higher than that after baths of hydrothermal spring and warm mineral spring(all P < 0.05). Conclusion The three types of typical hot spring baths in Guizhou Province can mitigate the elevation of blood lipid. Compared with hydrothermal spring, warm mineral spring and metasilicate hot spring may have better improvement effect on blood lipid elevation due to their more significant improvement effect on abnormal elevation of TG and LDL-C in serum.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904344

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of hot spring baths on blood pressure, resting heart rate, cardiovascular function related indicators and physical signs in population with high-normal blood pressure. Methods Residents of typical hot spring areas in Guizhou Province were included as the subjects. According to the epidemiological survey of the research group and the physical examination results before the intervention, combined with the inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 217 people with high normal blood pressure were selected as the observation subjects. The intervention of hot spring baths was carried out for four weeks, once time per day, 5 times per week, for 40-50 minutes each time. After the intervention, the blood pressure, resting heart rate and serum levels of creatine kinase(CK), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), and α-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase(α-HBDH)were detected, and the improvement of cardiovascular related signs(palpitation, dizziness/headache, cough/sputum and night sweats)were clinically examined. SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results Paired t-test results showed that the systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and resting heart rate of 217 high normal blood pressure subjects were significantly lower after hot spring baths(P < 0.01). Further analysis revealed that the number of people with high normal blood pressure dropped from 217 to 128 after the hot spring baths. Before the intervention, 95 of the 217 people with high-normal blood pressure had resting heart rates between 80 and 90 beats/min, and 35 of them above 90 beats/min. After the intervention, the resting heart rates of those above people decreased to 68 and 14, respectively. Serum levels of cardiovascular related indicators showed that CK, LDH, and α-HBDH levels in people with high-normal blood pressure decreased to some extent after the intervention, and CK level was significantly lower than that before the intervention(P < 0.05). The results of clinical examination showed that hot spring baths had a significant improvement effect on palpitation, dizziness/headache, cough/expectoration, and night sweats in people with high-normal blood pressure. Conclusion The typical hot spring baths in Guizhou Province can reduce the blood pressure and resting heart rate in population with high-normal blood pressure, and improve the cardiovascular function related indicators and physical signs to a certain extent.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904341

ABSTRACT

To implement the Guizhou Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government's strategic goal of building a"Chinese Hot Spring Province"in an all-round way, promote the development of Guizhou's"big health, big tourism, big poverty alleviation"and other industries, and enhance the development and utilization of Guizhou hot springs and their health and wellness value. With the support of the provincial Geological Prospecting Fund project Guizhou Province Physiotherapy Hot Springs(Geothermal Water)Survey and Evaluation, Guizhou Medical University was responsible for completing the topic"Study on the Physiotherapy Efficacy of Typical Hot Springs in Guizhou Province". Here, the background, study and design plan, quality control, and features and limitations of this project are briefly introduced.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887726

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To obtain precise data on the changes in the levels of 29 cytokines in mice after high or low linear energy transfer (LET) irradiation and to develop an accurate model of radiation exposure based on the cytokine levels after irradiation.@*Methods@#Plasma samples harvested from mice at different time points after carbon-ion or X-ray irradiation were analyzed using meso-scale discovery (MSD), a high-throughput and sensitive electrochemiluminescence measurement technique. Dose estimation equations were set up using multiple linear regression analysis.@*Results@#The relative levels of IL-6 at 1 h, IL-5 and IL-6 at 24 h, and IL-5, IL-6 and IL-15 at 7 d after irradiation with two intensities increased dose-dependently. The minimum measured levels of IL-5, IL-6 and IL-15 were up to 4.0076 pg/mL, 16.4538 pg/mL and 0.4150 pg/mL, respectively. In addition, dose estimation models were established and verified.@*Conclusions@#The MSD assay can provide more accurate data regarding the changes in the levels of the cytokines IL-5, IL-6 and IL-15. These cytokines could meet the essential criteria for radiosensitive biomarkers and can be used as radiation indicators. Our prediction models can conveniently and accurately estimate the exposure dose in irradiated organism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biological Assay , Biomarkers/blood , Carbon , Cytokines/blood , Female , Heavy Ions , Linear Energy Transfer , Linear Models , Mice , Radiation Dosage , Radiation, Ionizing
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884638

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effective diagnosis method and the clinical effect of laparoscopic technique for atypical CE1 hepatic cystic echinococcosis.Methods:The clinical data of 17 patients with atypical liver cystic echinococcosis from June 2018 to June 2019 in the People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region were analyzed retrospectively, including 11 males and 6 females, (46.0±21.6) years old, all patients with a history of exposure in animal husbandry area. Preoperative hydatid immunity test, abdominal ultrasound and abdominal CT examination were completed, and laparoscopic surgery was performed. Postoperative follow-up was conducted by outpatient review and telephone, and the follow-up period was up to June 2020. The diagnosis, operation and recurrence of hydatid disease by different examination methods were analyzed.Results:Preoperative serum immunological examination of 17 patients showed that 11 were positive and 6 were negative for hepatic echinococcosis. The results of abdominal CT showed that 17 cases were hepatic cyst. Conventional color doppler ultrasound showed that 14 patients were hepatic cyst, 3 patients showed cystic space occupying, and cystic hydatidosis was not excluded; 9 patients observed double track sign or local thickening of cystic wall at the top of hepatic cystic lesions after replacement of high-frequency probe, which was diagnosed as hepatic cystic echinococcosis(CE1) , 8 patients as hepatic cyst. All 17 patients underwent laparoscopic operation, during which they were definitely diagnosed as hepatic cystic echinococcosis (CE1). During the operation, there was no conversion to laparotomy. The operation time was (125.0±54.5) min, the intraoperative blood loss was (150.0±84.5) ml without blood transfusion, and the postoperative hospital stay was (6.5±2.5) d. There were no serious complications or deaths in the perioperative period, 2 cases had microbile leakage, and recovered by themselves 5-10 days after the operation; the patients were followed up for 6-12 months, no loss of follow-up, no recurrence of liver and abdominal hydatid.Conclusions:In the process of diagnosis and treatment of liver single cystic lesions, we should pay attention to the differential diagnosis of atypical CE1 hepatic cystic echinococcosis and simple liver cyst. The effective differential rate of abdominal spiral CT, hydatid immune experiment and abdominal ultrasound is low, which is easy to be misdiagnosed and missed. The high frequency probe of abdominal ultrasound can effectively find atypical CE1 hepatic cystic echinococcosis. Laparoscopic technique is not only an effective diagnosis method but also a treatment method. It is necessary to choose a reasonable operation method according to the patient's hydatidosis. Laparoscopic operation is safe and feasible in the treatment of hepatic cystic echinococcosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879435

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the dynamic changes of lumbosacral sagittal parameters after real-time three-dimensional navigation assisted minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) and traditional open TLIF for treatment of lumbar degenerative disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 61 patients with lumbar degenerative disease underwent single-segment surgery from September 2017 to September 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 31 cases underwent MIS-TLIF with 3D navigation techniques (MIS-TLIF group) and another 30 cases underwent conventional open TLIF (traditional open TLIF group). The basic information, operative time and intraoperative blood loss were collected. The sagittal radiologic parameters were measured before surgery and 3 months after surgery, including lumbar lordosis (LL), segmental lordosis (SL), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS), anterior disc height (ADH), posterior disc height(PDH).And the average disc height(DH) and pelvic incidence to lumbar lordosis mismatch (PI-LL) were calculated.@*RESULTS@#Operative time and intraoperative blood loss in MIS-TLIF group were significantly less than in traditional open TLIF group(@*CONCLUSION@#Real-time navigation-assisted MIS-TLIF and traditional open TLIF can recover DH in a short term for lumbar degenerative diseases, improve LL and PI-LL, and make the arrangement of the sagittal plane of the lumbosacral region more coordinated after surgery. But only the navigation assisted MIS -TLIF can significantly improve SL. Compared with traditional open TLIF, real-time navigation assisted MIS-TLIF in the treatment of degenerative lumbar diseases has the advantages of short operation time and less intraoperative bleeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the clinical efficacy of modified Zuoguiwan on postmenopausal osteoarthritis of knee (KOA) with deficiency of liver and kidney based on theory of syndrome differentiation and treatment of kidney, and its effect on endocrine hormone and cartilage metabolism.Method:One hundred and forty patients of KOA were randomly divided into control group (70 cases) and observation group (70 cases) by random number table. Patients in two group got glucosamine hydrochloride capsule for 12 weeks, 1 capsule/time, 2 times/day, and those with obvious pain was added celecoxib capsules for 4 weeks, 0.2 g/time, 1 time/day. The control group took Kang Zengsheng pills orally. patients in observation group was also added with modified Zuoguiwan for 12 weeks, 1 dose/day. Before and after treatment, pain level during activity and rest by visual simulation of pain (VAS) were scored. And visual scale of osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) of Western Ontario and McMaster University, knee osteoarthritis severity index (ISOA), deficiency of liver and kidney, self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) were scored. And levels of serum estradiol (E2), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were scored.Result:Scores of VAS during activity and rest in observation group were lower than those in control group (P<0.01). The total score of WOMAC, scores of pain, stiffness, joint function, deficiency of liver and kidney, SAS and SDS were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01). Total score of ISOA, symptoms and signs, maximum walking distance, daily life were lower than those in control group (P<0.01). Levels of E2, FSH, LH, TNF-α, IL-1β and MMP-3 were lower than those in control group (P<0.01). Level of TGF-β was higher than that in control group (P<0.01). And total clinical effective rate in observation group was 89.23%(58/65), which was higher than 74.60%(47/63) in control group (χ2=4.793, P<0.05).Conclusion:Modified Zuoguiwan can obviously alleviate symptoms, improve joint function, regulate the level of endocrine hormone, relieve anxiety and depression, regulate the environment of cartilage metabolism, inhibit inflammatory reaction, and improve the patients' ability of daily life and clinical efficacy.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821231

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effects of the intracoronary injection of nicorandil and tirofiban on myocardial perfusion and short-term prognosis in elderly patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Seventy-eight STEMI patients with age >65 years who underwent emergency PCI were consecutively enrolled. These patients received conventional PCI and were randomly divided into a control group and a treatment group (n=39 per group). The control group received an intracoronary injection of tirofi ban followed by a maintenance infusion for 36 hours after surgery. The treatment group received intracoronary injection of tirofiban and nicorandil, and then intravenous infusion of tirofi ban and nicorandil 36 hours after surgery. The following parameters were measured: TIMI grade, corrected TIMI frame count (cTFC), TIMI myocardial perfusion grade (TMPG), STsegment resolution (STR) rate 2 hours post-operatively, resolution of ST-segment elevation (STR) at 2 hours postoperatively, peak level of serum CK-MB, left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at 7–10 days postoperatively, and major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in-hospital and within 30 days post-operatively. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, more patients in the treatment group had TIMI 3 and TMPG 3, and STR after PCI was significantly higher. The treatment group also had significantly lower cTFC, lower infarction relative artery (IRA), lower peak CK-MB, and no refl ow ratio after PCI. The treatment group had signifi cantly higher LVEDD and LVEF but lower incidence of MACEs than the control group. CONCLUSION: The intracoronary injection of nicorandil combined with tirofi ban can effectively improve myocardial reperfusion in elderly STEMI patients after emergency PCI and improve shortterm prognoses.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763038

ABSTRACT

This study sought to evaluate the effects of Asiatic acid in LPS-induced BV2 microglia cells and 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridine (MPP⁺)-induced SH-SY5Y cells, to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory mechanisms of Asiatic acid in Parkinson’s disease (PD). SH-SY5Y cells were induced using MPP⁺ to establish as an in vitro model of PD, so that the effects of Asiatic acid on dopaminergic neurons could be examined. The NLRP3 inflammasome was activated in BV2 microglia cells to explore potential mechanisms for the neuroprotective effects of Asiatic acid. We showed that Asiatic acid reduced intracellular production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species and altered the mitochondrial membrane potential to regulate mitochondrial dysfunction, and suppressed the NLRP3 inflammasome in microglia cells. We additionally found that treatment with Asiatic acid directly improved SH-SY5Y cell viability and mitochondrial dysfunction induced by MPP⁺. These data demonstrate that Asiatic acid both inhibits the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome by downregulating mitochondrial reactive oxygen species directly to protect dopaminergic neurons from, and improves mitochondrial dysfunction in SH-SY5Y cells, which were established as a model of Parkinson’s disease. Our finding reveals that Asiatic acid protects dopaminergic neurons from neuroinflammation by suppressing NLRP3 inflammasome activation in microglia cells as well as protecting dopaminergic neurons directly. This suggests a promising clinical use of Asiatic acid for PD therapy.


Subject(s)
Cell Survival , Dopaminergic Neurons , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammasomes , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Microglia , Mitochondria , Neuroprotective Agents , Reactive Oxygen Species
14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 68-71, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734516

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and efficacy of wide local excision surgery combined with 5-aminolaevulinic acid(ALA)-photodynamic therapy(PDT)in treating Paget's disease of the scrotum in elderly people.Methods Patients with an average age of 68.4 ± 4.7 years undergoing wide local excision surgery combined with ALA-PDT for Paget's disease of the scrotum from June 2014 to February 2018 were followed up.All patients underwent wide local excision surgical treatment first and were then enrolled in ALA-PDT study after the diagnosis of Paget's disease of the scrotum was confirmed.Four cases were eliminated as a result of two patients refusing photodynamictherapy for various reasons and two patients lost during follow-up after ALA-PDT.A total of 16 patients were included in the study,of whom 6 cases were in Ray stage A1,7 cases in stage A2 and 3 cases in stage B.Patients underwent 3 courses of ALA-PDT after operation.Then the efficacy,shortand medium-term complications were followed up.Results The duration of disease among the 16 patients ranged from 4 to 76 months before diagnosis,with an average of 35.7 months.Surgery was performed immediately after diagnosis.Ten patients underwent resection and suture and 6 patients were treated with skin flap transfers.Of the patients treated with surgery,3 patients received suspicious lymph node dissection and 1 patient underwent reoperation due to skin flap necrosis.Patients were followed up for 3 months to 3 years and 6 months after ALA-PDT.Recurrence and distant metastasis occurred in 2 cases,with 1 case of brain metastasis and 1 case of systemic metastasis,and the overall recurrence rate was 12.5%.During the follow-up,there were no other serious complications except for 1 case(6.3 %)with lower limb movement disorders.Conclusions Wide local excision surgery combined ALA-PDT has good clinical outcomes,low recurrence rates and few complications for the treatment of Paget's disease of the scrotum in elderly people.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753116

ABSTRACT

Objective :To study sympathetic activity in aged patients with essential hypertension (EH) complicated left ven-tricular hypertrophy (LVH).Methods : A total of 248 aged EH patients were selected from our hospital from Jun 2015 to Jun 2017- According to blood pressure level ,they were divided into EH stage 1 group (n=78) ,stage 2 group (n=89) and stage 3 group (n=81).According to presence of LVH ,patients were divided into no LVH group (n=122) and complicat-ed LVH group (n=126).According to blood pressure level ,LVH patients were divided into stage 1 group (n=28) ,stage 2 group (n=41) and stage 3 group (n=57).Another 130 healthy aged people undergoing physical examination were regar-ded as normal aged group .Plasma norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) contents were measured and compared among all groups ,and 24h DCG was performed.Results :Compared with normal aged group ,there were significant rise in plasma contents of NE [ (238-33 ± 18-04) ng/L vs.(312-90 ± 23-20) ng/L ,(279-28 ± 20-85) ng/L] ,E [ (262-86 ± 24-56) ng/L vs.(366-57 ± 25-53) ng/L ,(301-20 ± 23-80) ng/L] in complicated LVH group and no LVH group ( P=0-001 all) ,and plasma NE and E contents gradually and significantly rose along with blood pressure stage rose , P=0-001 all. Compared with normal aged group ,there was significant rise in mean heart rate [ (64-80 ± 5-40) beats/min vs.(69-02 ± 4-56) beats/min ,(66-72 ± 4-98) beats/min] in complicated LVH group and no LVH group ( P=0-001 ,0-017) ;signif-icant reductions in SDNN [ (122-07 ± 7-73) ms vs.(109-51 ± 8-13) ms ,(99-25 ± 7-89) ms] ,SDANN [ (111-72 ± 13-33) ms vs.(103-52 ± 10-41) ms ,(94-78 ± 8-75) ms] ,rMSSD [ (43-98 ± 6-31) ms vs.(37-25 ± 6-42) ms ,(32-05 ± 5-19) ms] and PNN50 [ (7-67 ± 0-71)% vs.(5-41 ± 0-67)%,(3-39 ± 0-63)%] in no LVH group and complicated LVH group , P=0-001 all ,above indexes gradually and significantly reduced along with blood pressure stage rose , P=0-001 all.Conclusion :Sympathetic activity significantly elevates in aged EH + LVH patients.Controlling sympathetic ac-tivity will help to improve prognosis .

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807559

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of sodium arsenite (NaAsO2) exposure on the activation and extracellular matrix secretion of human hepatic stellate cells, and to provide a theoretical basis for the mechanism study of arsenic induced hepatic fibrosis.@*Methods@#Different doses of NaAsO2 (0.0, 0.1, 1.0, 10.0, 50.0, 100.0 μmol/L) were exposed to human hepatic stellate cell line (Lx-2) for 24, 48 and 72 huors. CCK-8 assay was used to measure cell viability and IC50 of NaAsO2 on Lx-2 was then calculated; According to IC50 results, 0.000, 1.875, 3.750, 7.500, and 15.000 μmol/L of NaAsO2 were exposed to Lx-2 cells for 24 hours, besides, 7.500 μmol/L of NaAsO2 was exposed to Lx-2 cells for 0, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours, then collected cells and culture supernatant; HSC activation-related protein, including α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) expression levels were detected by Western blot analysis, the main extracellular matrix including laminin (LN) , hyaluronic acid (HA), collagen Ⅳ (COL-Ⅳ) and procollagen Ⅲ(P Ⅲ NP) secretion level was detected by Elisa assay.@*Results@#CCK-8 assay showed that the cell viability of Lx-2 cells were increased obviously at low doses (≤1.0 μmol/L) of arsenic exposure, especially at 48 and 72 h. In contrast, with the increasing doses of arsenic exposure, the survival rate of Lx-2 cell was decreased gradually, and the survival rate of the high-dose (50, 100 μmol/L) arsenic exposure group at 24, 48 and 72 h were significantly lower than 0.0 μmol/L group, P<0.05. The IC50 of NaAsO2 on Lx-2 cells at 24, 48, 72 h were calculated as 72.75, 48.19 and 29.95 μmol/L, respectively; The expression levels of HSC activation-related protein showed that, after treated with 1.875, 3.750, 7.500, 15.000 μmol/L NaAsO2 for 24 h, α-SMA and TGF-β1 protein level were higher than 0.000 μmol/L group. The increased expression of α-SMA and TGF-β1 protein were most significant in 7.500 μmol/L NaAsO2 group (P<0.05). In addition, the expression levels of α-SMA and TGF-β1 also showed a time-dependent increasing in Lx-2 cells after treated with 7.500 μmol/L NaAsO2 for 0, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h; Elisa assay showed that after treated with 1.875, 3.750, 7.500, 15.000 μmol/L NaAsO2 for 24 h, the secretion levels of HA, LN, COL-Ⅳ and PⅢNP were obvious higher than 0.000 μmol/L group (P<0.05). Moreover, the secretion levels of HA, LN, COL-Ⅳ and P Ⅲ NP also showed a time-dependent increased manner in Lx-2 cells after exposed to 7.500 μmol/L NaAsO2 for 0, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#NaAsO2 exposure to Lx-2 cells can upregulate the expression level of HSC activation-related proteins, induce its further activation, then increase ECM secretion level.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698429

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BACKGROUND: Patients with osteoporosis are prone to develop fractures, and moreover some patients are first diagnosed with osteoporosis because of a fragility fracture. Therefore, it is critical to understand the correlation between osteoporotic medications and fracture healing. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the effect of anti-osteoporosis medications on osteoporotic fracture healing in order to promote its clinical application. METHODS: A computer-based online search of PubMed, CNKI, VIP and WanFang databases between January 2012 and July 2016 was performed to retrieve the related articles with the keywords of "osteoporotic fracture, healing, bone nutrition supplements, anti-resorptive agents, anabolic agents, dual effect agents, new targeted agents" in English and Chinese, respectively. Literature concerning the effect of anti-osteoporosis medications on fracture healing was selected, and the articles published lately in authoritative journals were preferred. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Most of anti-osteoporotic medications have no harmful influence on fracture healing, including bone nutrition supplements (calcium and vitamin D), anti-resorptive agents (bisphosphonate, denosumab, estrogen and selective estrogen receptor modulators, statins and calcitonin), anabolic agents (parathyroid hormone), and dual effect agents (strontium ranelate). Calcium and vitamin D are the basic drugs; anti-resorptive agents exert overt anti-osteoporotic effect; and the new targeted agents like cathepsin K inhibitor and sclerostin monoclonal antibody provide more choices for the therapy of osteoporotic fracture. Partial anti-osteoporotic agents inhibit the viability of osteoclasts, so their early application may be against fracture healing. The optimal time of anti-osteoporotic medications and the effect on acute and non-acute osteoporotic fractures need to be further explored.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693722

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture on diaphragm function of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) rats with muscular dystrophy, and to explore the regulatory mechanism. Methods Forty male rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, electroacupuncture group, exercise group, electroacupuncture plus exercise group, 8 rats in each group. After successful establishment of COPD rat model with muscular dystrophy, the modeled rats in various intervention groups were given electroacupuncture and/or exercise treatment. After the last treatment, the changes of rat body mass were observed, the rat lung function was detected, and the mRNA expression levels of myosin heavy chains (MHC) of MHC-1, MHC-2 and diaphragmatic related signal proteins of Atrogin-1, muscle ring-finger protein-1(MuRF-1), MyoD were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Results (1) Compared with the blank group, inspiratory resistance (IR) and functional residual mass (FRC) in the model group were increased (P < 0.05) , and the dynamic lung compliance(Cydn) was decreased(P<0.05). Compared with the model group, IR and FRC in the intervention groups were decreased (P < 0.05), but the differences among the three intervention groups were insignificant(P>0.05). (2) Compared with the blank group, the mRNA expression levels of MHC-1, Atrogin-1, MuRF-1, MyoD in the model group were increased (P<0.05), and the mRNA expression level of MHC-2 was decreased (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, the mRNA expression levels of MHC-1, Atrogin-1, MuRF-1, MyoD in the intervention groups were decreased (P < 0.05) , and the mRNA expression level of MHC-2 was increased(P<0.05). Compared with the exercise group, the mRNA expression levels of Atrogin-1, MuRF-1, MyoD in the electroacupuncture group were decreased (P<0.05), and the mRNA expression level of MHC-2 was increased (P<0.05) , but the above indexes in electroacupuncture plus exercise group showed no obvious changes(P>0.05). Conclusion Electroacupuncture can improve respiratory function of COPD rats with muscular dystrophy, and the possible mechanism is related with the increase of MHC-2 mRNA expression and with the decrease of Atrogin-1, MuRF-1, MyoD mRNA expression, which result into the regulation of ubiquitin proteasome pathway(UPP), reduction of myosin loss, and the relief of diaphragmatic atrophy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690734

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on the circadian rhythm and suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) epigenetic modification in mice with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and to explore the epigenetics mechanism of EA on circadian rhythm in patients with HCC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to six zeitbeger time (ZT) of ZT0 (7:00), ZT4 (11:00), ZT8 (15:00), ZT12 (19:00), ZT16 (23:00) and ZT20 (3:00), a total of 108 eligible male C57BL/6J mice were divided into a blank group, a model group and an EA group at each ZT, 6 mice each group. Injection of H22 cancer cell suspension was used to establish the HCC model. After 11 days, EA (2 Hz/15 Hz, 0.2 mA) for 10 days was applied at "Ganshu" (BL 18) and "Zhiyang" (GV 9) in the EA group at each ZT, once a day, 15 min a time; the rats in the blank group and model group were treated with immobilization at the same time and under the same conditions. ClockLab (ACT-500) software was used to record the activity rhythm of mice. After 10 days intervention, MATLAB (R2007b) was used to export the circadian rhythm of mice, and the amplitude and peak phase of the mice were analyzed. The high-throughput epigenetics PCRarray array was applied to detect epigenetics-related gene expression in SCN.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) After modeling, compared with the blank group, the amplitude of activity was decreased and peak phase was delayed in the model group and EA group at each ZT (all <0.05), but the difference of rhythm parameters between the model group and EA group was not significant (all > 0.05). (2) After intervention, compared with the model group, the amplitude of activity in the EA group at ZT 8 was increased and peak phase was advanced (both <0.05); the difference of the activity amplitude and peak phase between the EA group and model group at ZT0, ZT4, ZT12, ZT16 and ZT20 was not significant (all >0.05); compared with the ZT0, ZT4, ZT12, ZT16 and ZT20, the amplitude of activity in the EA group at ZT 8 was increased and peak phase was advanced (all <0.05). (3) The results of epigenetic PCRarray array showed that after intervention at ZT 8, compared with the blank group, the expression of 48 epigenetic-related genes in SCN of HCC mice was up-regulated; compared with the model group, the relative expression of 49 epigenetic-related genes in the SCN was down-regulated in the EA group; there were 23 epigenetic-related genes differentially expressed among the three groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EA has benign regulation on circadian rhythm of HCC mice, and achieves the best efficacy at ZT 8. EA at ZT 8 could down-regulate the overexpression of epigenetic-related genes.</p>

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712667

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of cranial suture acupuncture plus paroxetine in treating depression,and to discuss the action mechanism of this acupuncture method.Methods:One hundred depression patients were allocated to an observation group and a control group according to the random number table,with 50 cases in each group.The control group was intervened by oral administration of paroxetine tablets,20 mg each time,once a day for successive 6 weeks;the observation group was additionally given cranial suture acupuncture,once a day for 6 weeks.They were scored by Hamilton depression scale-17 (HAMD-17) before the treatment and respectively after 1-week,2-week,4-week and 6-week treatment.The clinical efficacy and safety were also observed.Results:After 6-week treatment,the total effective rate was 94.0% in the observation group versus 78.0% in the control group,and the between-group difference was statistically significant (P<0.01).The HAMD-17 scores respectively after 1-week,2-week,4-week and 6-week treatment were significantly lower than the score before the treatment in the observation group (all P<0.05);the HAMD-17 scores respectively after 2-week,4-week and 6-week treatment were significantly different from the score before the treatment in the control group (all P<0.05).There were significant differences in the HAMD-17 score between the two groups respectively after 4-week and 6-week treatment (both P<0.05).Conclusion:Cranial suture acupuncture plus paroxetine can ease the symptoms of depression,with faster onset and more significant therapeutic efficacy compared with paroxetine alone.

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