Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 77
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and mechanism of modified Da Chengqitang in treating hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis (HLAP) with damp heat accumulation syndrome. Method:A total of 110 patients with HLAP with damp heat accumulation syndrome treated at our hospital were randomly divided into control group and observation group, with 55 cases in each group, both groups were treated with low molecular weight heparin calcium, insulin and alprostadil injection. Control group was given Huazhironggan granules in addition to the basic therapy, while observation group was given modified Da Chengqitang in addition to the basic therapy. After 7 days, the clinical efficacy, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score, gastrointestinal function recovery, acute pancreatitis bedside index (BISAP), acute physiology and chronic health status Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ), inflammatory factors, such as tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP), oxidative stress, such as malondialdehyde (MDA), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high and low density lipoprotein (HDL-C, LDL-C) blood lipid indicators and safety were evaluated. Result:The clinical efficacy of observation group was significantly better than that of control group (<italic>Z</italic>=3.353, <italic>P</italic><0.05), and the total effective rate of observation group was 94.55%, which was higher than 74.55% of control group (<italic>χ<sup>2</sup></italic>=8.419, <italic>P</italic><0.01). After treatment, the scores of abdominal pain, stool obstruction, chest tightness and fever in observation group were significantly lower than those of control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The gastric tube indwelling exhaust time, defecation time and recovery time of bowel sounds in observation group were significantly lower than those of control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The scores of BISAP and APACHE Ⅱ in two groups were significantly decreased, and the BISAP and APACHE Ⅱ scores of observation group were lower than control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). After treatment, the serum levels of TNF-<italic>α</italic>, IL-6 and CRP in observation group were significantly lower than those in control group. The levels of serum MDA, GSSG in two groups were significantly decreased, whereas the T-AOC level was significantly increased; and the level of serum MDA, GSSG observation group was lower than control group, while the T-AOC level was higher than control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). After treatment, the levels of TC, TG and LDL-C in two groups were decreased, while the level of HDL-C was increased, the levels of TC, TG and LDL-C in observation group were lower than those in control group, and the HDL-C was higher than that control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:modified Da Chengqitang has a definite clinical efficady in treating HLAP with damp heat accumulation syndrome, and can alleviate TCM syndrome and patient symptoms, reduce inflammatory factors, inhibit oxidative stress of the body. It has a good safety, and is worthy of clinical application.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3060-3091, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922737

ABSTRACT

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by the severe inflammation and destruction of the lung air-blood barrier, leading to irreversible and substantial respiratory function damage. Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been encountered with a high risk of ARDS, underscoring the urgency for exploiting effective therapy. However, proper medications for ARDS are still lacking due to poor pharmacokinetics, non-specific side effects, inability to surmount pulmonary barrier, and inadequate management of heterogeneity. The increased lung permeability in the pathological environment of ARDS may contribute to nanoparticle-mediated passive targeting delivery. Nanomedicine has demonstrated unique advantages in solving the dilemma of ARDS drug therapy, which can address the shortcomings and limitations of traditional anti-inflammatory or antioxidant drug treatment. Through passive, active, or physicochemical targeting, nanocarriers can interact with lung epithelium/endothelium and inflammatory cells to reverse abnormal changes and restore homeostasis of the pulmonary environment, thereby showing good therapeutic activity and reduced toxicity. This article reviews the latest applications of nanomedicine in pre-clinical ARDS therapy, highlights the strategies for targeted treatment of lung inflammation, presents the innovative drug delivery systems, and provides inspiration for strengthening the therapeutic effect of nanomedicine-based treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871640

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of corona virus disease 2019(COVID 19), the epidemic has spread rapidly, which brings great challenge to the surgical diagnosis, treatment and management of lung neoplasm Sichuan International Medical Exchange &Promotion Association organized thoracic surgery experts to sum up experiences from experts in major hospital, and formulated the Guidance suggestion on surgical diagnosis, treatment and management of lung neoplasm during the outbreak of COVID-19 to provide references for thoracic surgeons.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829010

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This paper aimed to investigate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and explore the associated risk factors in a very elderly southwest Chinese population.@*Methods@#From September 2015 to June 2016, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to obtain a representative sample of 1,326 participants over 80 years old living in Chengdu. The presence of DM was based on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2-h plasma glucose (2-hPG) levels during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). A logistic regression model was used to calculate the odds ratios ( s) and 95% confidence intervals ( s) of the potential associated factors.@*Results@#The participants' mean age was 83.5 ± 3.1 years. The overall prevalence of DM was 27.4%. The prevalence was higher in males (30.2%) than females (24.7%) ( = 0.02). The prevalence of DM increased with body mass index (BMI) and decreased with aging. The multivariate analysis suggested that male sex ( = 1.433; 95% , 1.116-1.843), hypertension ( = 1.439; 95% , 1.079-1.936), overweight or obesity ( = 1.371; 95% , 1.023-1.834), high heart rate (≥ 75 beats/min; = 1.362; 95% , 1.063-1.746), and abdominal obesity ( = 1.615; 95% , 1.216-2.149) were all significantly positively correlated with DM. However, age was negatively correlated with DM ( = 0.952; 95% , 0.916-0.989).@*Conclusions@#The prevalence of DM and newly diagnosed DM in a very elderly southwest Chinese population was high. OGTT screening should be performed regularly in people aged ≥ 80 years to ensure timely diagnosis of DM.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Risk Factors
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753141

ABSTRACT

To study and analyze prevalence condition of hypertension and complicated cardiovascular risk factors in north Fujian rural area .Methods : By cluster sampling , an epidemiological questionnaire and physical ex‐amination were performed among 1784 residents using standardized survey method , who were ≥35 years from six towns and eight villages in north Fujian rural area from Jun 2013 to Mar 2014. Hypertension was diagnosed accord‐ing to The 2010 Chinese Guideline for the Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension , multivariate Logistic regres‐sion was used to analyze independent risk factors for hypertension in these subjects .Results : Prevalence rate of hy‐ pertension was 17.43% (31/1784 ) in north Fujian rural area .After population standardization , it's 23. 21%(18.66% in men and 16. 13% in women) , there was no significant difference in prevalence rate of hypertension be‐tween men and women in any age layer , P>0. 05 all.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicated that age , overweight (BMI≥24 kg/m2 ) , high triglyceride and fasting blood glucose were independent risk factors for hyper‐tension in north Fujian rural area (OR=1.107-2.096 , P<0. 05 or <0. 01).Conclusion : Prevalence rate of hyper‐tension is high in north Fujian rural area , age , overweight , smoking , high triglyceride and fasting blood glucose are the main risk factors .

6.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 228-232, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760568

ABSTRACT

Five secondary metabolites, including a new isopimarane derivative xylaroisopimaranin A (1), were isolated from the endophytic fungus Xylaralyce sp. (HM-1), and their structures were elucidated by 1D, 2D NMR, MS and CD spectra. Their bioactivities were performed to antibacterial, Hep G2 cells cytotoxicity and brine shrimp inhibition. The biological evaluation results showed that the xylaroisopimaranin A (1), xylabisboein B (2), griseofulvin (3) , 5-methylmellein (4) and mellein-5-carboxlic acid (5) displayed no significant Hep G2 cells cytotoxicity and antibacterial acitivity, but they inhibited the brine shrimp with IC₅₀ from 0.5 to 25 µmol/mL.


Subject(s)
Artemia , Fungi , Griseofulvin , Hep G2 Cells
7.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 501-505, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844641

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical effect between bridge locking anatomical plate with supported plate based four column in type III Riiedi-Allgower Pilon fracture. Methods: Retrospective study was performed on the clinical data of type III Riiedi-Allgower Pilon fracture undergoing surgery. Patients were divided into two groups according to internal fixation. Some parameters including operation time, blood loss, and drainage, healing time, full burden time, functional score and pain score were analyzed. Results: There was no significant difference between the operation time, blood loss and drainage between the two groups(t = 0. 37, P>0. 05;t = 0. 71, P>0. 05;t = 0. 24,/>>0.05). The healing time and full burden time of experimental group was lower than control group significantly ((=1.56, P<0. 05;i = 2.43, P<0.05). For American Orthopaedic Food and Ankle Society(AOFAS) score and visual analogue score(VAS) in postoperative 1 month, there was no significant difference between the two groups. For AOFAS score and VAS score in experimental group was lower than control group after 3 months (P<0. 05). There was no significant difference between two groups in reduction quality Burwell-Charnley score and complication between two groups. Conclusion Supported plate based four column could improve the life quality of patietns with Pilon fracture, which is worth to recommed in clinical application.

8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 430-433, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816817

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the association of stored autologous blood transfusion (SABT) with tumor recurrence in PCa patients after radical prostatectomy and explore the application of SABT in this surgical procedure.@*METHODS@#Forty-five PCa patients underwent radical prostatectomy in our hospital in recent five years, of whom, 20 received SABT (group A) and the other 25 allogeneic blood transfusion (group B) intraoperatively. After surgery, we followed up the patients regularly for 3-66 months by examination of the levels of total PSA (tPSA) and free PSA (fPSA), digital rectal examination (DRE), and MRI to observe the biochemical recurrence of the tumor. We compared the data obtained between the two groups of patients.@*RESULTS@#In group A, 8 cases were in stages T1a-T1b and 12 in stages T2a-T2c, and in group B, 14 cases were in stages T1a-T1b and 11 in stages T2a-T2c. The volume of transfused blood was 800 ml in group A and 400-1 200 ml in group B. No statistically significant differences were observed between the two groups in the operation time, intraoperative blood loss or postoperative Gleason scores (P > 0.05), nor in the tPSA level or the results of DRE and MRI at 12, 24, 36, 48 and over 48 months (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SABT is safe for PCa patients undergoing radical prostatectomy and does not increase the tumor recurrence rate after surgery.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698600

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Posterior pedicle screw fixation of lower cervical spine has many advantages. However, because of the special anatomy of pedicle, the technical requirements of nailing placement are high and it is also a challenge to surgeons. The application of three-dimensional (3D) printing technology can help to complete screw placement, and has certain advantages. OBJECTIVE: To introduce the method of 3D printing personalized navigation template assisted posterior lower cervical pedicle screw fixation and evaluate its clinical application value. METHODS: Totally 20 patients with lower cervical spine pedicle screw internal fixation who were treated from June 2015 to December 2016 in Affiliated Hospital of Yan'an University were retrospectively analyzed. Before the surgery, the patient's lower cervical spine CT data was introduced into the relevant software and the 3D printing personalized navigation template assisted nailing pedicle screw was designed. The number of screws inserted was recorded. After the operation, CT scan was used to calculate the accuracy rate of screw placement. Preoperative and postoperative cervical spine Visual Analogue Scale score and spinal function score of Japanese Orthopedic Association were used to evaluate the clinical effect of cervical nerve. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) All patients were followed up for 3 months postoperatively. (2) 3D printing personalized navigation template assisted 132 pedicle screws. The precise insertion rate was 94.7%. Among them, 125 screws were at grade 0 (94.7%, 125/132), 3 screws grade 1 (2.3%, 3/132), 4 screws grade 2 (3.0%, 4/132), no screw grade 3. (3) At postoperative 1 and 3 months, the neck shoulder Visual Analogue Scale score and spinal function score of Japanese Orthopedic Association of the patients were significantly improved (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference (P > 0.05), compared with those at preoperative. (4) In summary, 3D printing personalized navigation template assisted cervical pedicle screw placement had the high insertion rate and satisfactory clinical efficacy.

10.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 159-163, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741623

ABSTRACT

Two new polyketides, chinoketides A and B (1 – 2) with a known compound xylarphthalide A (3), were isolated from the solid medium of the endophytes from the leaves of the relic plant Distylium chinense with the “black-box” co-culture method, and the structures of two new compounds were elucidated by NMR, MS and CD spectra. And the absolute configurations of chinoketides A (1) and B (2) were determined as 2R,3R,8S and 5R,6S by calculating their ECD spectra to compare with the experimental CD spectra. Finally, the antimicrobial activities were evaluated to Erwinia carotovora sub sp. Carotovora (Jones) Bersey et al, and the results showed that compounds 1 – 3 displayed the antimicrobial activities with MIC value at 20.5, 30.4 and 10.2 µg/mL.


Subject(s)
Coculture Techniques , Endophytes , Methods , Pectobacterium carotovorum , Plants , Polyketides
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704218

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of serum anti-schistosome antibody titers in schistosomiasis japonica pa-tients after treatment,in order to provide the evidence for formulating the schistosomiasis surveillance program in marshland and lake regions.Methods Upon prospective cohort study,the stool examination positive schistosomiasis patients and blood exami-nation positive suspected patients(the titer was more than 1:80,including 1:80)were selected as the research objects in Jian-gling County in 2014,and they received the 2-day praziquantel therapy.Half year,one year and two years after the treatment, their blood samples and fecal samples were collected for IHA anti-schistosome antibody detections and schistosome egg and mira-cidium detections. Results In 2014,the stool examination positives were 251,and the majority of them were over 41 years old,accounting for 93.23%(234/251);581 cases of high antibody titers were detected by the IHA method,and the majority of them were over 41 years old,accounting for 89.16%(518/581).Half year,one year and two years after the treatment,among the stool examination positives,the negative conversion rates of stool positives were 99.60%(250/251),100%(239/239)and 100%(234/234)respectively and the negative conversion rates of antibody positives were 21.91%(55/251),64.11%(156/239)and 76.89%(193/234)respectively.In the high antibody titer positives,the negative conversion rates were 38.04%(221/581),64.11%(359/560),and 77.86%(429/551)respectively,Half year,one year and two years after the treatment.There were statistically significant differences among the antibody negative conversion rates by χ2test(χ2=77.538,183.412,25.469 respectively,all P<0.001).The geometric mean values of antibody titers of different durations between 2 groups were analyzed by 2-independent-samples T test,and the geometric mean values of antibody titers between the 2 groups were different before the treatment(t=23.576,P<0.01),but the geometric mean values of antibody titers between the 2 groups were not different 6 months,1 year and 2 years after the treatment(t=-0.046,1.165, -0.132,P=0.964, 0.245,0.895 respectively). Conclu-sions The levels of serum anti-schistosome antibody degrade slowly in schistosomiasis japonica patients after the treatment, and the results of IHA tests cannot distinguish the current schistosome infection from previous schistosome infection.Therefore, it is necessary to develop the specific diagnostic technology for schistosome infection in order to meet the need of monitoring.

12.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 85-89, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703072

ABSTRACT

On June 6,2016,an outbreak of suspected cutaneous anthrax was reported by T County CDC,Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous,China.An investigation was carried out to determine the magnitude and risk factors and to recommend control measures.Suspected cases were defined as any villager in T county residents whose skin appeared rash,blisters,ulceration,swelling of black eschar or ulcer between May 1 and June 8.Confirmed case were defined as suspected case plus serological positive,real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) positive or Bacillus anthraci isolated.We interviewed clinicians and reviewed medical files in the township and city hospital,and visited all households searching for cases.A case-control study was conducted to investigate the risk factors of human anthrax infection.Three types of specimens were collected and tested by serological detection,real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and bacterial culture.Through epidemiological investigation,15 families purchased beef of a sick cow on May 26,2016.Between 29 May and 3 June,ten people from these families were diagnosed as skin anthrax.Among them,six were confirmed cases and four were suspected cases.The attack rate was 20%.The incubation period was 3 to 7 days with average incubation 5 days.The nain clinical manifestations were hand skin anthrax carbuncle.Case control study showed that the incidences of people who exposing or not exposing to contaminated beefs significantly different,with 53% and 0% respectively.Blood serums from six patients showed that specific antibody titer appeared to increase more than 4 times.B.anthraci was isolated from herpes fluid of one patient.B.anthraci nucleic acid was detected from beef collected from four families.The outbreak was caused by the villagers exposed sick cow which infected by B.anthraci.Contaminated beef caused the infections.

13.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 407-411, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702743

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the association between anti-Jo-1 antibody and cardiovascular risk factors among patients with dermatomyositis (DM).Methods:87 patients with DM were included from 2006 to 2013.Serum anti-Jo-1 antibody was measured by ELISA,and cardiovascular risk factors were evaluated.Multiple linear regression was used to assess the association between anti-Jo-1 antibody and cardiovascular risk factors in these patients.Results:The prevalence of hypertension,diabetes,hyperuricemia,and dyslipidemia were 16.09%,22.99%,10.34% and 67.82%,respectively.16.09% of DM patients had a positive anti-Jo-1 antibody and these patients had higher frequency of arthralgia/Raynaud's phenomenon/interstitial lung disease,and higher level of leukocyte and C reactive protein,while had lower level of serum uric acid (P<0.05).Multiple linear regression demonstrated that anti-Jo-1 antibody was closely associated with the level of C reactive protein and serum uric acid.Conclusion:Positive anti-Jo-1 antibody is associated with inflammation marker;however,the detailed mechanism remains further research.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809279

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-induced immune escape to regulatory T cells(Treg) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC).@*Methods@#We recruited 83 patients who were pathologically diagnozed as nasopharyngeal carcinoma and treated in Nanfang Hospital from January to September 2016. CD4+ CD25+ FOXP3+ Treg in peripheral blood was examined by flow cytometry and the level of EBV DNA in the blood was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR)in 83 patients and 51 healthy adults as control. The expression of FOXP3+ Treg and EBER in NPC in 32 of 83 patients and in nasopharyngitis in 16 control patients were tested by immunohistochemistry(IHC) and in-situ hybridization(ISH).@*Results@#The ratio of Treg in blood in patients with NPC(5.29±1.45)% was higher than that in control group (4.78±1.19) %, with a statistically significant difference(P=0.035). The ratio of Treg in blood in patients with positive EBV was higher than that in patients with negative EBV(P=0.013), and there was a positive correlation between EBV DNA copies and Treg ratio(r=0.335, P=0.002). The density of FOXP3+ Treg in NPC was higher than that in nasopharyngitis(P=0.001). Positive correlation was found between the density of FOXP3+ Treg and the stain intensity of EBER(r=0.496, P=0.004).@*Conclusion@#The ratios of Treg in blood and tissue in NPC patients with positive EBV are significantly increased, indicating a role of Treg in EBV-induced immune escape in NPC.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695040

ABSTRACT

Purpose To explore the prognostic value of deletion of the TNFAIP3 gene in natural killer/T-cell lymphoma,nasal type detected with fluorescence immunophenotyping and interphase cytogenetics as a tool for the investigation of neoplasm (FICTION).Methods FICTION was performed to detect the abnormalities of TNFAIP3 gene in 109 cases of natural killer/T-cell lymphoma,nasal type.Results TNFAIP3 deletion was found in 25/79 detectable cases.The deletion of TNFAIP3 was positively correlated with the International Prognosis Index (IPI) (P =0.019).Conclusion Frequent deletion of TNFAIP3 was associated with IPI in natural killer/T-cell lymphoma,nasal type,suggesting the important prognostic value of TNFAIP3 in the natural killer/T-cell lymphoma,nasal type.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612383

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the extraction technology of total flavonoids from Lycii Fructus by response surface methodology (RSM).Methods On the basis of single-factor tests, enzyme concentration, enzymolysis time, and enzyme solution temperature were selected as influencing factors during extraction to conduct three-factor three-level center combination design. The effects of three factors on the yield of total flavonoids from Lycii Fructus were analyzed by RSM.Results The optimum conditions for extraction technology of total flavonoids from Lycii Fructus were enzyme concentration 0.30%, enzymolysis time 1.0 h, enzyme solution temperature 60℃. The predicted extraction yield of total flavonoids was 0.9492%.ConclusionUsing RSM to optimize the extraction technology of total flavonoids from Lycii Fructus is stable, feasible, and simple, which can provide references for further study and application.

17.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 388-391, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513630

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore bone formation markers in dexamethasone intervention osteocalcin (OC),bone alkaline phosphatase (BAKP),and type Ⅰ original amino terminal propcptide (PINP) relationship with bone longitudinal growth.Methods The selected thirty-three 4-week-old male SpragueDawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into two groups:the dexamethasone group (n =18) and the control group (n =15).The rats in the dexamethasone group received dexamethasone (200 μg/100 g) by intraperitoneal injection for 10 days.The rats in the control group received matching volume sodium chloride solution.All rats were weighed everyday.The rats were killed by using 10% chloral hydration at 8 AM of 11 th day.The length of tibiae was measured.The proximal tibiae were excised,fixed and decaleified.Mter paraffin embedded,sections in 5 μm thick were cut.The growth plate sections were stained by haematoxylin-eosin (HE) histochemistry method.Total height of growth plate was measured.The rats decaptitating and the blood were collected.Serum was separated and stored in-80 ℃ refrigerator for analysis.Enzyme -linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA) method was used to detect the rat OC,BAKP and PINP values.Results The length of growth plate and tibiae of dexamethasone group were significantly decreased contrast the control group:the length of growth plate (P =0.001),and the length of tibiae (P =0.000).There were no significant differences between two groups of the value of OC,BAKP and PINP:OC (P =0.056),BAKP (P=0.122),and PINP (P =0.169).There was positive correlation between the serum OC and the length of tibiae (r =0.454,P =0.08) in control group,the PINP and OC (r =0.521,P =0.026) in dexamethasone group.Conclusions Glucocorticoid inhibit the longitudinal bone growth,to the osteoblasts (OC,BAKP and PINP) of growing rats is not obvious.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271902

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the value of dynamically monitoring minimal residual disease (MRD) by flow cytometry before and after non-myeloablative allo-HSCT (NST) for prediction of acute leukemia(AL) relapse after transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 51 AL patients underwent NST were analyzed retrospectively in Department of Hematology of Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical Sciences from January 2011 to December 2015. All AL patients achieved the morphologic complete remission of bone marrow before transplantation. The bone marrow samples were collected for monitoring of MRD within 35 days before transplant, every month till 3 months after transplant, every 3 months till 24 months after transplant, and then every 6 months after 2 years of transplant. According to the MRD cutoff value of 0.2%, the AL patients were divided into high level MRD group (18 cases) which was defined as MRD≥0.2% after transplantantion at least for 1 time, and low level MRD group (33 cases) which was defined as MRD<0.2% after transplant all the time. 2 year cumulative relapse rate in 2 groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two-year relapse rates were 6.1% and 50% in low-level MRD group and high-level MRD group post NST(P=0.001)respectively. Multivariate analysis indicated that the risk of relapse in high level MRD group was 5.84 times of low level MRD group(P=0.036). MRD≥0.2% post transplant was an independent risk factor for leukemia relapse post NST. The mortality rate was 81.8% and 46.3%(P<0.05) in relapse and non-relapse groups respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Dynamically monitoring MRD by FCM is a crucial tool for early relapse estimation of acute leukemia in adult patients after allogeneic nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. MRD≥0.2% after transplant can be used as a early valuable evidence for predicting relapse and guiding active medical intervention.</p>

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618906

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the spatial distribution characteristics of wild feces in schistosomiasis endemic areas of Jiangling County,Hubei Province and further explore the source of infection efficiently,so as to provide the evidence for the development of corresponding monitoring and response technology. Methods In 2011,the fresh wild feces were investigated every two months in the selected 15 villages by the severity of historical endemic in Jiangling County. The schistosome miracidi-um hatching method was used to test the schistosome infection of the wild feces. The descriptive analysis and spatial analysis were used for the description of the spatial distribution of the wild feces. Results Totally 701 wild feces samples were collected with the average density of 0.0556/100 m2,and the positive rate of the wild feces was 11.70%(82/701). The results of the re-gression analysis showed a positive spatial correlation between the positive rate of wild feces and the rate of human infection,the area with infected Oncomelania hupensis and the number of fenced cattle,and the corrected R2 of the model was 0.58. Conclu-sion The infection rate of wild feces is positively correlated with the rate of human infection,area with infected O. hupensis and number of fenced cattle in space in Jiangling County,so the prevention and control measures could be conducted according to the spatial distribution of the positive wild feces.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604191

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the Oncomelania hupensis snail control effects of molluscicides with different formula?tions in the ditch with unstable water level in field of marshland and lake areas,so as to provide the evidence for formulating the prevention strategies. Methods A drainage channel with O. hupensis snails in Jiangling County,Jingzhou City were selected as the study field,then it was divided into 6 segments,except 1 segment was treated as the blank control group for observing the natural mortality rate of the snails,the other 5 segments were treated as observation groups,where 4% niclosamide ethanol?amine salt powder,5%niclosamide ethanolamine salt granule,25%suspension concentrate of niclosamide ethanolamine salt, 26% suspension concentrate of metaldehyde and niclosamide ethanolamine salt,50% niclosamide ethanolamine salt wettable powder were applied respectively. Before and after the mollusciciding,the snail surveys were carried out through the systematic sampling method,and the short?and long?term effects of snail control were observed,and the mortality rates of the snails on the slope above the water level and those below the water level were compared. Results When 7 d and 15 d after mullusciciding, the mortality rates of snails on the slope above the water level in each observation group were 79.52%-97.87% and 90.43%-96.30%,respectively,when compared with those before mollusciciding,all the differences were statistically significant(all P<0.01). When 7 d after mullusciciding,the mortality rates of snails below the water level in each observation group were 17.11%-50.00%,which were all lower than those of the snails on the slope above the water level in the corresponding groups(all P<0.05);when 15 d after mullusciciding,the rates were 9.43%-95.24%,and those in 25%suspension concentrate of niclosamide ethanolamine salt,26%suspension concentrate of metaldehyde and niclosamide ethanolamine salt,50%niclosamide ethanol?amine salt wettable powder groups were all lower than those of the snails on the slope above the water level in the corresponding groups(all P<0.01). Compared with the densities of living snails before mollusciciding,those 6 months after mollusciciding in each observation group decreased by 70.21%-78.98%. Conclusions The molluscicides in the formulation of powders and granule are suitable for both the snail environment with or without water,while those in the formulation of suspension agents and wettable powders are suitable only for environments with water.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL