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Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 738-741, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909088


Objective:The surveillance results of brucellosis in Lushan County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province are analyzed to provide basis for formulating prevention and control strategies.Methods:Retrospective analysis method was used to collect the surveillance data from Lushan County Center for Disease Control and Prevention and Animal Husbandry Department from 2011 to 2019. Descriptive statistical analysis was made on the serological, pathogenic of brucellosis.Results:From 2011 to 2019, 15 943 high-risk people were investigated, and 10 834 were serologically tested, with a positive detection rate of 23.11% (2 504/10 834). Among them, the positive detection rate of brucellosis serum increased rapidly in 2013 and decreased after 2016. The positive detection rate was 25.87% (1 593/6 157) in men and 19.48% (911/4 677) in women. The age of positive detection was mainly 40-< 70 years old, accounting for 70.45% (1 764/2 504). The positive detection rate of farmers in all occupations was the highest, which was 25.97% (2 242/8 634). There were significant differences in the positive detection rates among different gender, age and occupation (χ 2=61.163, 27.855, 257.412, P < 0.01). A total of 578 blood samples from patients with acute brucellosis were isolated and cultured, 215 strains of Brucella were detected, and the positive detection rate was 37.20%. Conclusions:The high-risk group of human brucellosis in Lushan County, Pingdingshan City is middle-aged and elderly male farmers engaged in aquaculture. It is suggested that the joint prevention and control measures should be strengthened, the health education of high-risk groups should be strengthened, and comprehensive prevention and control measures should be taken to control the occurrence and prevalence of brucellosis.

Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 122-123,126, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611198


Objective To explore and analyze the effect of ambroxol hydrochloride combined with budesonide inhalation in the treatment of neonatal pneumonia and intervention treatment. Methods May 2014 to March 2017, Taizhou Hospital for treatment of pneumonia in infants, a total of 100 cases of the research object, according to the different treatment methods of the infant patients into the control group and the study group, 50 cases in each group. The study group were treated with ambroxol combined with budesonide inhalation treatment methods, patients in control group were treated with budesonide inhalation treatment methods, two patients were given nursing intervention on in the process of treatment, observation and comparison of two groups of children were observed two different quality methods the therapeutic effect. Results The children of patients with treatment effect was stronger than the control group, the difference is statistically significant(P<0.05). The study of the recovery time and hospitalization time were significantly less than the control group, with statistically significant difference (P<0.05). The degree of satisfaction with nursing is significantly better than the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion The treatment method of neonatal pneumonia ambroxol combined with budesonide inhalation, and implement the corresponding nursing intervention, can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of patients, improve lung function in patients, improve the therapeutic effect, shorten the patient's symptoms disappeared time and hospitalization time, children can not only improve the standard of living of the patients, but also enhance the degree of recognition of the hospital and nursing care of patients thus, play a role in the promotion.