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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905855

ABSTRACT

Periplaneta americana is one of the important basic medicinal materials of traditional Chinese medicine "fei lian". The traditional functions mainly include promoting blood circulation, sore muscles, diuresis, spleen and phlegm. Because of its exact curative effect, proprietary Chinese medicines, which are mainly used as raw materials, are widely used in clinical practice, especially in the repair of various wounds. The drug has not been included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The local standard is only based on the alanine content of total amino acids. The physiologically active small peptides, nucleosides, proteins and other substances have not been obtained. Qualitative or quantitative control. In recent years, peptide monomers isolated from the P.americana, such as antimicrobial peptides, neuropeptides, and diuretic peptides, have strong pharmacological activities such as antibacterial, antitumor, and muscular neurotrophic, and dihydroisocoumarins are also irritating. Dermal Dermal fibroblasts produce collagen. Based on this, this paper uses CNKI, Wanfang Database and Pubmed Database to search the relevant research literatures of P.americana from 1984 to 2019, and systematically analyzes the current research of P.americana from three aspects: chemical composition-pharmacological action-clinical application. Interpretation provides reference for the further development of the drug and the development of more specific and stable quality control standards for its proprietary Chinese medicines.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873233

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare Periplaneta americana thermosensitive hydrogel and investigate its effect on wound healing in diabetic rats. Method:Taking N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and acrylic acid (AAc) as monomers, thermosensitive poly(NIPAM-co-AAc) [P(NIPAM-co-AAc)] polymeric material was prepared by free radical polymerization, then thermoresponsive copolymer P(NIPAM-co-AAc)-g-HA was synthesized by conjugating P(NIPAM-co-AAc) to hyaluronic acid (HA). The structure and lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the graft copolymer were characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-NMR) and ultraviolet spectrophotometry (UV). P. americana thermosensitive hydrogel was prepared by dialysis method, and it was characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), rotation rheometer and thermogravimetric analyzer to observe section structure, rheological properties and thermal stability. Differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were employed to identify the inclusion of P(NIPAM-co-AAc)-g-HA temperature sensitive material for P. americana extract, and to investigate the effect of P. americana thermosensitive hydrogel on wound healing in diabetic rats, and the rate of wound healing was calculated by Image-Pro Plus 6.0 software. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Masson staining were used to observe the pathological changes of the wounds of rats in each group. Result:P(NIPAM-co-AAc)-g-HA temperature sensitive material was successfully synthesized, its LCST was between 29 ℃ and 31 ℃, it had a dense and uniform porous structure and could uniformly include P. americana extract. Pharmacodynamic studies showed that P. americana thermosensitive hydrogel group had the best effect on promoting wound healing, its infiltration degree of inflammatory cells was significantly reduced, collagen and fibroblasts arranged neatly and compactly, and the density of neovascularization was significantly increased by comparing with the model group. Conclusion:P. americana thermosensitive hydrogel can effectively promote wound healing of diabetic rats and overcome the shortage of marketed P. americana liquid preparations, this paper can provide a reference for the development of P. americana extract preparations to promote wound healing in diabetic patients.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 496-501, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705073

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of the Kangfuxin liquid on 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) induced ulcerative colitis in rats, and to explore its mechanism. Methods Male SD rats were divided into normal control, model control, SASP groups, and Kangfuxin low,medium and high dose groups. In ad-dition to the normal control group, other groups were induced ulcerative colitis with TNBS solution. Disease activity index (DAI), organ index, colon mucosa damage index (CMDI) and histopathological score (HS),the expression levels of IL-4, IL-17 in serum, and MPO, EGF, TGF-β1 in colonic mucosa were de-termined. Results The DAI score showed that the model was successful. Compared with the normal group,the level of IL-4 and IL-17, EGF and TGF-β1 in the model group were reduced significantly, while the CMDI score,HS score,colon index and MPO were elevated significantly. The DAI, CMDI, HS and MPO were reduced (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the levels of IL-4, IL-17, EGF and TGF-β1 increased signifi-cantly(P <0.01). Conclusions Kangfuxin liquid can effectively alleviate ulcerative colitis induced by TNBS in rats. The mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of MPO expression and up-regulation of IL-4,IL-17,EGF and TGF-β1 levels.

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