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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864890

ABSTRACT

In pediatrics, one of the most common diseases is infectious diseases, which is caused by pathogens invading the body and accompanied by local tissue damage or systemic inflammatory reactions.Children′s undeveloped immunity and the consequent rapid progress of the disease urge early diagnosis and timely treatment.However, there is no significant specificity for the clinical symptoms of various infectious diseases, especially in the early stage.Pathogen detection, as a diagnostic gold standard, is not beneficial for the early diagnosis due to the strict requirements for the test environment, long time consumption, low positive rate, and easy contamination.Compared to other methods, blood routine is the most basic and inexpensive test item in clinical practice with the advantage of simple operation and short time.It mainly detects the quality, quantity, and morphological changes in blood components, such as white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.It is a valuable test for early diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and evaluation of the severity as well as the treatment efficacy for infectious diseases.Therefore, blood routine test currently is the most preferred method for clinical diagnosis of infectious diseases in pediatrics.

2.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834298

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has major effects in premature infants. Although previous literature has indicated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can alleviate lung pathology in BPD newborns and improve the survival rate, few research have been done investigating significantly differentially expressed genes in the lungs before and after MSCs therapy. The aim of this study is to identify differentially expressed genes in lung tissues before and after hAD-MSC treatment. @*Methods@#and Results: Human amnion-derived MSCs (hAD-MSCs) were cultured and met the MSCs criteria for cell phenotype and multidirectional differentiation. Then we confirmed the size of hAD-MSCs-EXOs and their expressed markers. An intratracheal drip of living cells showed the strongest effect on NHLI compared to cellular secretions or exosomes, both in terms of ameliorating pulmonary edema and reducing inflammatory cell infiltration. Through gene chip hybridization, PCR, and western blotting, acylaminoacyl-peptide hydrolase (APEH) expression was found to be significantly decreased under hyperoxia, and significantly increased after hAD-MSC treatment. @*Conclusions@#The intratracheal transplantation of hAD-MSCs ameliorated NHLI in neonatal rats through APEH.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): E011-E011, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811509

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological history, clinical manifestations, treatment and the short-term prognosis of 31 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus(2019-nCoV) infection in children from six provinces (autonomous region) in northern China.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of the epidemiological history, clinical symptoms, signs, laboratory examinations, chest imaging, treatment and the short-term prognosis of 31 cases of 2019-nCoV was conducted. The patients were diagnosed between January 25th, 2020 and February 21st, 2020 in 21 hospitals in 17 cities of six provinces(autonomous region) of Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Hebei, Henan and Shandong.@*Results@#The age of the 31 children with 2019-nCoV infection was 7 years and 1 month (6 months -17 years). Nine cases (29%) were imported cases. Other 21 cases (68%) had contact with confirmed infected adults. One case (3%) had contact with asymptomatic returnees from Wuhan. Among the 31 children, 28 patients (90%) were family cluster cases. The clinical types were asymptomatic type in 4 cases (13%), mild type in 13 cases (42%), and common type in 14 cases (45%). No severe or critical type existed. The most common symptom was fever (n=20, 65%), including 1 case of high fever, 9 cases of moderate fever, 10 cases of low fever. Fever lasted from 1 day to 9 days. The fever of fifteen cases lasted for ≤3 d, while in other 5 cases lasted > 3 d. Other symptoms included cough (n=14, 45%), fatigue (n=3, 10%) and diarrhea (n=3, 9%). Pharyngalgia, runny nose, dizziness, headache and vomiting were rare. In the early stage, the total leukocytes count in peripheral blood decreased in 2 cases (6%), the lymphocytes count decreased in 2 cases (6%), and the platelet count increased in 2 cases (6%).Elevation of C-reactive protein (10%, 3/30), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(19%,4/21), procalcitonin(4%,1/28), liver enzyme(22%, 6/27) and muscle enzyme (15%, 4/27) occurred in different proportions. Renal function and blood glucose were normal. There were abnormal chest CT changes in 14 cases, including 9 cases with patchy ground glass opacities and nodules, mostly located in the lower lobe of both lungs near the pleural area. After receiving supportive treatment, the viral nucleic acid turned negative in 25 cases within 7-23 days. Among them, 24 children (77%) recovered and were discharged from hospital. No death occurred.@*Conclusions@#In this case series, 2019-nCoV infections in children from six provinces (autonomous region) in northern China are mainly caused by close family contact. Clinical types are asymptomatic, mild and common types. Clinical manifestations and laboratory examination results are nonspecific. Close contact history of epidemiology, nucleic acid detection and chest imaging are important bases for diagnosis. After general treatment, the short-term prognosis is good.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696591

ABSTRACT

A 4-year-old boy complained of weakness of the lower limbs for one and a half month.The child had been diagnosed as X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) at 1-year old.In recent one and a half month,he gradually suffered from activity intolerance and fatigue,inability to jump and run,staggering gait and slow speech.All the symptoms above indicated deteriorating motor function.The brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed abnormal signals in white matter and brain atrophy.The cerebrospinal fluid analysis detected the presence of oligoclonal immunoglobulin G band.In short term after intravenous immunoglobulin and methylprednisolone treatment,the boy's lower extremity function and speech speed were slightly improved.However,at 1-year follow-up,the boy's condition became even worse.The child could not sit without support and had difficulty in swallowing.The child could not speak or follow any commands.Neurological examination revealed spastic quadriplegia and pseudobulbar palsy.Progressive neurodegeneration is not a common syndrome in patients with XLA.Brain biopsy is an important approach clinically to find out etiology.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 237-242, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808405

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of O-GlcNAc glycosylation and its key enzyme OGT on the biological behaviors and etoposide (Vp16) -induced apoptosis of Nalm-6 cells.@*Methods@#Low O-GlcNAc modified Nalm-6 cells model was established with Alloxan, an inhibitor of OGT. The influence of Alloxan on Nalm-6 cells proliferation was checked by CCK-8 assay, apoptosis and cell cycle by flow cytometry. Nalm-6 cells were treated with different concentrations of Vp16 for 12 h, and then the O-GlcNAc level and the expressions of OGT were examined by Western blot. After treating Nalm-6 with Alloxan for 24 h and then 5 μg/ml of Vp16 for 12 h, the apoptosis of different groups were measured with flow cytometry, and the expression of apoptosis-associated proteins Bax and Bcl-2 were examined by Western blot.@*Results@#With the concentration of Vp16 increasing, the O-GlcNAc modified levels of total protein and the expression of OGT were up regulated (P<0.05, n=6) ; Alloxan could slow down the proliferation capacity, induce apoptosis[ (15.190±2.539) % vs (21.910±4.105) %, P=0.007], arrest cell cycle[G1 phase: (43.534±4.453) % vs (57.322±6.091) %, P=0.003; S phase: (50.747±5.937) % vs (37.201±4.661) %, P=0.001]. Alloxan could inhibit the apoptosis caused by Vp16[ (75.195±13.845) % vs (52.741±10.815) %, P=0.011]along with Bax decreasing (5.496±1.998 vs 2.950±0.703, P=0.015) and Bcl-2 increasing (0.454±0.125 vs 0.803±0.223, P=0.013) .@*Conclusion@#Changes of O-GlcNAc modified level of Nalm-6 cells along with the inhibition of OGT could influence the biological behaviors and inhibit apoptosis induced by Vp16.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1670-1676, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498729

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the changes of microRNA (miRNA) in hepatocytes during hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress injury, and to observe the alleviating effect of mesenchymal stem cell-conditioned medium (MSC-CM) in this progress.METHODS: The hepatocyte oxidative stress injury model was established using hydrogen peroxide and human normal liver cell line L02.MSC-CM was prepared using centrifugation and filter.The effects of MSC-CM on hepatocyte injury were evaluated by apoptosis analysis, cell viability detection, cell cycle, and mitochondrial membrane po-tential (MMP).Twenty-one differentially expressed miRNAs were selected by gene chip hybridization, in which miR-143, miR-145, miR-301a and let-7a were confirmed by RT-qPCR.Bioinformatics software was utilized to predict target proteins of these miRNAs, and then the proteins were verified by Western blot.RESULTS: MSC-CM markedly attenuated hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress injury by reducing apoptosis, promoting cell viability and regulating cell cycle.The ex-pression of miR-143, miR-145, miR-301a and let-7a, indentified by RT-qPCR, increased under the condition of oxidative stress injury, while decreased after MSC-CM treatment.The expression of miR-143 predicted target proteins, HK2 and ADRB1, decreased under the hydrogen peroxide-exposure, while increased after MSC-CM treatment, which is consistent with the regulatory trend of miR-143.CONCLUSION: MSC-CM might attenuate hydrogen peroxide induced oxidative stress injury via inhibiting apoptosis and regulating some miRNA expression.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470461

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of serum concentration of B vitamins B1,B6,B12) with the incidence of epilepsy.Methods We recruited 50 newly diagnosed patients with epilepsy (not receiving antiepileptic drugs) and 50 patients without epilepsy.Serum concentrations of B vitamins (B1,B6,and B12) in both groups were detected with a LK3000V vitamin detector.Results The concentrations of vitamin B1 and B12 in epileptic patients were (132.81 ±7.3l) nmol/L and (221.41 ±26.09) pg/ml,respectively,not significantly different from those in non-epileptic patients [(130.44 ± 5.12) nmol/L,P =0.095 ;(197.87 ± 19.36) pg/ml,P =0.077].The concentration of vitamin B6 in epileptic children was (44.61 ±2.49) μmol/L,significantly lower than that in non-epileptic children [(64.63 ± 5.71) μmol/L,P =0.031].Conclusion Though serum concentrations of vitamin B1 and B12 may not be associated with epilepsy,lower concentration of vitamin B6 in serum may increase the risk of epilepsy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 624-627, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261376

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility and characteristics of human engraftment in HLA disparate cord blood transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two human HLA-haploidentical or HLA-mismatched cord blood units were transplanted into sublethally irradiated severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice. The characteristics of engraftment, hematopoietic and immunological reconstitution between the two groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two mixed cord blood units can engraft in SCID mice with donor-recipient chimerism and reconstitute hematopoiesis and immunological functions. No unfavorable factors had been observed. Only one of the two cord blood units which had higher colony forming ability in vitro could engraft in most SCID mice as shown by HLA-DQB(1) gene detection. Two HLA-haploidentical cord blood units were simultaneously engrafted in 3 SCID mice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Double HLA-haploidentical or HLA-mismatched cord blood can engraft in SCID mice and reconstitute hematopoietic and immunological functions. HLA disparity has no significant effect on survival and engrafting rate. However, in less HLA disparity group, two cord blood units were prone to engraft simultaneously.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, CD , Allergy and Immunology , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Fetal Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Flow Cytometry , HLA Antigens , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Hematopoiesis , Humans , Mice , Mice, SCID , Random Allocation , Severe Combined Immunodeficiency , Allergy and Immunology , General Surgery , Survival Analysis , Transplantation, Heterologous
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