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1.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 597-601, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of superior cervical ganglion block (SCGB) on cardiac function and nucleotide like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) signaling pathway in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R).Methods:Sixty healthy SPF male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 250-300 g, aged 2-3 months, were divided into 4 groups ( n=15 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (sham group), myocardial I/R group (IR group), myocardial I/R + normal saline group (IR+ NS group), and myocardial I/R + SCGB group (IR+ SCGB group). Myocardial I/R model was developed by ligation of the left anterior descending branch of the coronary artery for 45 min followed by restoration of blood flow in anesthetized aninals. IR+ SCGB group received SCGB (0.25% ropivacaine 0.1 ml) at 10 min before reperfusion once a day for 2 consecutive weeks, while 0.9% sodium chloride was given instead of ropivacaine in IR+ NS group. Blood samples were collected at 24 h and 14 days of reperfusion for determination of serum concentrations of norepinephrine (NE), troponin T (TnT), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-18 (IL-18) and IL-1β by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Echocardiography was performed before ischemia and at 14 days of reperfusion, and left ventricular short axis shortening rate (FS), ejection fraction (EF), and cardiac output (CO) were measured. The rats were sacrificed at 14 days of reperfusion and the hearts were taken for determination of the contents of norepinephrine (NE) in myocardial tissues in the infarction area (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), percentage of myocardial fibrosis area (by Masson staining), M1 macrophage marker CD68 + cell count in the infarction area (by immunohistochemical method), and expression of NLRP3 and gasdermin D (GSDMD) in myocardial tissues (by Western blot). Results:Compared with Sham group, the serum concentrations of TnT, TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β, percentage of myocardial fibrosis area, and NE levels in serum and myocardial tissues were significantly increased, the expression of NLRP3 and GSDMD in myocardial tissues was up-regulated, CD68 + cell count was increased, and EF, CO and FS were decreased in IR group ( P<0.05). Compared with IR group, the serum concentrations of TnT, TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β, percentage of myocardial fibrosis area, and NE levels in serum and myocardial tissues were significantly decreased, the expression of NLRP3 and GSDMD in myocardial tissues was down-regulated, CD68 + cell count was decreased, and EF, CO and FS were increased in IR+ SCGB group ( P<0.05), and no statistically significant changes were found in the parameters mentioned above in IR+ NS group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:SCGB can improve the cardiac function in a rat model of myocardial I/R, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of NLRP3 signaling pathway.

2.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 230-233, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885064

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of stellate ganglion block (SGB) on the activation of M1 microglia during cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in rats.Methods:Fifty-four SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 240-270 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=18 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group Sham), cerebral I/R group (group IR) and SGB group.Blood vessels were only exposed, without occlusion in group Sham.Cerebral I/R was induced by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery for 90 min followed by reperfusion in group IR.Cervical sympathetic trunk transaction was performed to induce left SGB immediately after onset of reperfusion in group SGB.Blood samples were collected from the apex of the heart at 6, 12 and 24 h of reperfusion for determination of the concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-1β in the serum (using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). The animals were sacrificed after the neurological function was evaluated at 24 of reperfusion, and brain tissues were removed for microscopic examination of the pathological changes in cortex, for determination of percentage of cerebral infarct size (by TTC staining), for assessment of cell apoptosis and apoptosis rate in cortex (by TUNEL), and for determination of the expression of microglial biomarker Iba-1 and activated M1 microglia biomarker CD68 (by Western blot). Results:Compared with group Sham, the neurological function score, percentage cerebral infarct size, apoptosis rate in cortex, concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β in the serum, and the expression of Iba-1 and CD68 were significantly increased in IR and SGB groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group IR, the neurological function score, percentage cerebral infarct size, apoptosis rate in cortex, concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β in the serum, and the expression of Iba-1 and CD68 were significantly decreased in group SGB ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes of brain tissues were significantly attenuated in group SGB. Conclusion:The mechanism by which SGB reduces cerebral I/R injury is related to inhibiting activation of M1 microglia in rats.

3.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1011-1015, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802570

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects of patient-controlled intravenous analgesia(PCIA) with Dexmedetomidine, Ropivacaine by local incision infiltration and combined analgesia on inflammatory factors and rapid rehabilitation in infants aged 3-6 months after radical resection of megacolon.@*Methods@#From June 2016 to March 2018, 90 infants aged 3-6 months underwent radical resection of megacolon in Henan Provincial Children′s Hospital as the subjects.According to the postoperative analgesia mode applied to the children, they were divided into Dexmedetomidine group, Ropivacaine group and combined group (Dexmedetomidine PCIA combined with local infiltration of Ropivacaine), 30 cases in each group.The serum levels of interleukin(IL)-6 and IL-10 were measured and recorded 2 hours before operation and 24 hours after operation, and the analgesic scores of 4, 8, 12 and 24 hours after operation were recorded.The rapid recovery index of each group, standard and the number of complications were compared.@*Results@#Compared with 2 hours before operation, the serum levels of IL-6 in the Dexmedetomidine group, Ropivacaine group and combined group [(24.61±1.44) ng/L vs.(13.84±0.65) ng/L, (26.39±1.29) ng/L vs.(13.85±0.67) ng/L, (20.58±2.06) ng/L vs.(13.87±0.63) ng/L], IL-10[(27.63±1.52) ng/L vs.(15.79±1.48) ng/L, (28.29±2.34) ng/L vs.(15.41±1.37) ng/L, (23.21±2.71) ng/L vs.(15.47±1.52) ng/L] were significantly higher (all P<0.05), while the levels of IL-6, IL-10 in combined group were lower than those in Dexmedetomidine group and Ropivacaine group (ta=9.172, 9.835; tb=10.221, 11.034, all P<0.05). At 4 h, 8 h, 12 h, 24 h after operation.The analgesic scores in combined group were(1.89±0.23) scores, (1.87±0.15) scores, (1.95±0.17) scores, (2.08±0.18) scores, those of dexmedetomidine group were(2.06±0.24) scores, (2.08±0.18) scores, (2.76±0.29) scores, (2.55±0.31) scores, those of Ropivacaine group were(2.10±0.26) scores, (2.15±0.26) scores, (2.32±0.19) scores, (3.00±0.28) scores, and the analgesic scores in combined group were significantly lower than those in Dexmedetomidine group and Ropivacaine group(ta=8.526, 9.364, 10.287, 9.521; tb=8.729, 9.514, 11.037, 9.184, all P<0.05). In comparison with the first exhaust time, anal extubation time, hospitalization days, hospitalization expenses and antibiotic use time in the three groups, it was found that combined group was significantly better than Dexmedetomidine group and Ropivacaine group(ta=8.315, 8.294, 7.883, 9.261, 10.487; tb=8.582, 8.329, 7.916, 9.348, 10.862, all P<0.05). The incidence of complications in the combined group, Dexmedetomidine group, and Ropivacaine group were not significantly different in 3 groups(χ2=0.577, P=0.749).@*Conclusions@#The continuous anesthesia of Dexmedetomidine combined with local infiltration of Ropivacaine incision can alleviate the postoperative inflammatory reaction and promote the rapid recovery of children.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1011-1015, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752345

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of patient-controlled intravenous analgesia( PCIA)with Dexme-detomidine,Ropivacaine by local incision infiltration and combined analgesia on inflammatory factors and rapid rehabili-tation in infants aged 3-6 months after radical resection of megacolon. Methods From June 2016 to March 2018,90 infants aged 3-6 months underwent radical resection of megacolon in Henan Provincial Children's Hospital as the sub-jects. According to the postoperative analgesia mode applied to the children,they were divided into Dexmedetomidine group,Ropivacaine group and combined group( Dexmedetomidine PCIA combined with local infiltration of Ropiva-caine),30 cases in each group. The serum levels of interleukin( IL)-6 and IL-10 were measured and recorded 2 hours before operation and 24 hours after operation,and the analgesic scores of 4,8,12 and 24 hours after operation were recorded. The rapid recovery index of each group,standard and the number of complications were compared. Results Compared with 2 hours before operation,the serum levels of IL-6 in the Dexmedetomidine group,Ropiva-caine group and combined group[(24. 61 ± 1. 44)ng/L υs.(13. 84 ± 0. 65)ng/L,(26. 39 ± 1. 29)ng/L υs.(13. 85 ± 0. 67)ng/L,(20. 58 ± 2. 06)ng/L υs.(13. 87 ± 0. 63)ng/L],IL-10[(27. 63 ± 1. 52)ng/L υs.(15. 79 ± 1. 48) ng/L,(28. 29 ± 2. 34)ng/L υs.(15. 41 ± 1. 37)ng/L,(23. 21 ± 2. 71)ng/L υs.(15. 47 ± 1. 52)ng/L]were signifi-cantly higher(all P<0. 05),while the levels of IL-6,IL-10 in combined group were lower than those in Dexmedeto-midine group and Ropivacaine group(ta =9. 172,9. 835;tb =10. 221,11. 034,all P<0. 05). At 4 h,8 h,12 h,24 h after operation. The analgesic scores in combined group were(1. 89 ± 0. 23)scores,(1. 87 ± 0. 15)scores,(1. 95 ± 0. 17)scores,(2. 08 ± 0. 18)scores,those of dexmedetomidine group were(2. 06 ± 0. 24)scores,(2. 08 ± 0. 18) scores,(2. 76 ± 0. 29)scores,(2. 55 ± 0. 31)scores,those of Ropivacaine group were(2. 10 ± 0. 26)scores,(2. 15 ± 0. 26)scores,(2. 32 ± 0. 19)scores,(3. 00 ± 0. 28)scores,and the analgesic scores in combined group were signifi-cantly lower than those in Dexmedetomidine group and Ropivacaine group( ta =8. 526,9. 364,10. 287,9. 521;tb =8. 729,9. 514,11. 037,9. 184,all P<0. 05). In comparison with the first exhaust time,anal extubation time,hospitali-zation days,hospitalization expenses and antibiotic use time in the three groups,it was found that combined group was significantly better than Dexmedetomidine group and Ropivacaine group(ta =8. 315,8. 294,7. 883,9. 261,10. 487;tb =8. 582,8. 329,7. 916,9. 348,10. 862,all P<0. 05). The incidence of complications in the combined group,Dexme-detomidine group,and Ropivacaine group were not significantly different in 3 groups( χ2 = 0. 577,P = 0. 749 ). Conclusions The continuous anesthesia of Dexmedetomidine combined with local infiltration of Ropivacaine incision can alleviate the postoperative inflammatory reaction and promote the rapid recovery of children.

5.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 357-361, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697615

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect and possible mechanism of propofol on proliferation and inva-sion of lung cancer cells. Methods Lung cancer cells were cultured and divided into experimental control group, groupL,group M and group H.The optical density of cancer cell was detected by CCK-8.Meanwhile,the difference of the proliferation of cancer cells in each groupwas determined after down-regulation gene.The change of inhibition rate in four groups was analyzed by Transwell test. The expression of MMP-2 and mRNA in different groups were compared by Western blot and Q-PCR. Results the results of CCK-8 test showed the cancer cell viability in H group was lowest and the inhibition ability increasedafter silencing MMP-2 gene(P<0.05); the invasion inhibition rate of the lung cancer cells treated with propofol was higher(P<0.05), and invasion inhibition rate in each group also rise after silencing MMP-2; Western blot and Q-PCR show that the MMP-2 expression level in group Mand group H were lowest(P<0.05).Conclusion Propofol may inhibit the proliferation and invasion of lung cancer cells and its mechanism may be associated with down-regulation MMP-2,which is expected to inhibit the proliferation of lung cancer invasion.

6.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2625-2630, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619444

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that propofol enables a reduction in the number of adult rat mesenchymal stem cells, while the cell differentiation is also significantly inhibited. OBJECTIVE: To explore whether liver X receptors (LXRs) can reverse the inhibitory effects of propofol on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. METHODS: Fifteen healthy C57/BL6 mice were randomized into three groups, 5 of which served as blank control group (intraperitoneally treated with normal saline), 5 as propofol treatment group (intraperitoneally treated with 60 mg/kg propofol), and 5 as propofol + LXRs agonist treatment group (intraperitoneally injected with 10 μL/g LXRs at the 1st day, and then injected with 60 mg/kg propofol at the 2nd day). The mice in the three groups were killed at 1-3 hours after treatment to isolate and culture bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. Cell counting kit-8 and cloneformation assay were used to evaluate the abilities of cell proliferation and self-renewal; induced differentiation experiments in vitro were used to evaluate the differentiation ability of cells into adipocytes, osteoblasts and chondrocytes; real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression of differentiation related molecules andNotch signal. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: In the propofol-treated mice, cell viability and clone forming ability as well as adipogenic, osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation of cells decreased significantly compared with the blank control group (P <0.05), while LXR agonists could reverse these effects significantly (P < 0.05). Notch signal expressions showed no difference among three groups prior to induced differentiation. The expression levels differentiation related molecules downregulated significantly after propofol treatment (P < 0.05), but upregulated significantly after treatment with LXR agonists (P < 0.05). Notch signaling inhibitor treatment could significantly inhibit the multi-directional differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in the three groups. All these findings indicate that activated LXRs can reverse the inhibitory effects of propofol on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.

7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 765-768, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497003

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) in reduction of endotoxin-induced acute lung injury (ALI) by limb ischemic preconditioning in mice.Methods Eighty healthy male C57BL/6 mice,aged 8-10 weeks,weighing 22-26 g,were randomly divided into 5 groups (n =16 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),ALI group,limb ischemic preconditioning group (group P),α-bungarotoxin (α-BGT) group,and limb ischemic preconditioning +α-BGT group (group P+α-BGT).Normal saline 100 μl was intratracheally instilled in group C.In group ALI,lipopolysaccharide 5 mg/kg was intratracheally instilled (in normal saline) to establish the model of endotoxin-induced ALI.In group P,the mice were subjected to 6 cycles of 5-min ischemia of the right hindlimb followed by 5-min reperfusion,and then the model of ALI was established.In group α-BGT,α-BGT 1 μg/kg was injected intraperitoneally before establishment of the model.In group P+α-BGT,limb ischemic preconditioning was performed,α-BGT 1 μg/kg was then injected intraperitoneally,and the model of ALI was established.At 24 h after LPS instillation,6 mice were selected from each group and sacrificed,and lungs were removed for microscopic examination and for determination of wet and dry lung weight,myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities,contents of interleukin-lbeta (IL-1β),tumor necrosis factoralpha (TNF-α) and IL-6,and expression of α7nAChR and high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) in lung tissues.The lung water content was calculated.The survival of the left 10 mice in each group was observed at 7 days after establishment of the model,and the survival rate was calculated.Results Compared with group C,the lung water content,MPO activities,contents of IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6,and HMGB1 expression were significantly increased,α7nAChR expression was significantly down-regulated,and the 7-day survival rate was significantly decreased in group ALI(P<0.05).Compared with group ALI,the lung water content,MPO activities,contents of IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6,and HMGB1 expression were significantly decreased,α7nAChR expression was significantly up-regulated,and the 7-day survival rate was significantly increased in group P (P<0.05).Compared with group P,the lung water content,MPO activities,contents of IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6,and HMGB1 expression were significantly increased,α7nAChR expression was significantly down-regulated,and the 7-day survival rate was significantly decreased in group P+α-BGT (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which limb ischemic preconditioning inhibits inflammatory responses and reduces endotoxin-induced ALI is related to activation of α7nAChR in mice.

8.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1242-1244, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495267

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of chronic exposure to low concentration sevoflurance on hippocampus in SD fetal rats.Methods:Totally sixty female SD rats at clean grade weighing 240-260 g were randomly divided into four groups , the control group and sevoflurane groups (n=15).The three experimental groups were respectively treated with 30 mg· L-1(parts permillion1 × 10 -6), 100 mg· L-1 and 300 mg· L-1 sevoflurane with 6-hour inhalation, qd for 2 weeks, while the control group breathed fresh air with the same volume .After mating conception , the rats inhaled the same concentration sevoflurane or air till scarification on the 19 th day.Half of brain in the fetal rats was withdrawn to prepare the paraffin specimens , and immunohistochemistry was used to detect the apoptosis in hippocampal CA 1 region associated with protein Bcl-2 and Bax.The hippocampus was stripped from the other half of brain and 10%homogenate was prepared, and the activity level of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) were detected.Results:Bcl-2 in hippocampus CA1 region in 300 mg· L-1 group was lower than that in the control group , while Bax was higher than that in the control group (P0.05).Conclusion:Low concentration inhalation of sevoflurane above 300mg· L-1 can enhance the cell apoptosis in hippocampus through increasing the oxidative stress reaction in embryonic brain of SD rat resulting in excessive MDA and reduced SOD.

9.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 456-460, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493502

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of ultrasound-guided paravertebral nerve block on stress reaction in patients undergoing esophageal resection. Methods Eighty patients scheduled to do the operation of esophageal resection were randomly divided into two groups with 40 cases in each group. The patients in group A were given the general anesthesia combined with ultrasound-guided paravertebral block, and the patients in group B were given the general anesthesia only. Both of two groups received postoperative patient controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA). The amount of propofol and remifen-tanil used were recorded. The data of blood pressure, heart rate (HR) and pulseoxygen saturation (SpO2) before anesthesia (T1), before induction (T2), after intubation (T3), in 2 h of surgery (T4), after surgery (T5), 1 h after surgery (T6), 8 h after surgery (T7), 24 h after surgery (T8), 48 h after surgery (T9)were recorded. The analgesic effect was measured by VAS scores and Ramsay sedation scores were also recorded at T6-T10. The levels of blood glucose, epinephrine (E), norcpincphrinc (NE) and dopamine (DA) were also detected at T1, T4, T5, T9. Results The amount of propofol and remifentanil used in group A were lower than those in group B: (960.0 ± 216.9) mg vs. (1 242.5 ± 200.2) mg, (1.5 ± 0.4) mg vs. (2.3 ± 0.4) mg, P0.05). The levels of blood glucose and NE at T9 were significantly higher than those at T1, T4 or T5 of same group, P<0.05.The level of E at T4 and T5 was significantly lower than that at T1 and T9 of same group, P<0.05. The level of DA at T9 was significantly higher than that at T1, T4 and T5 in group B (P<0.05). The levels of blood glucose, NE, E and DA at T9 in group B were significantly higher than those in group A (P<0.05). Conclusions General anesthesia combined with ultrasound-guided paravertebral nerve block could offer favorable anaesthesia effect. It could decrease stress reaction and anesthetics requirements in patients undergoing esophageal resection.

10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 372-375, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493070

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on acute lung injury induced by scalds in rats.Methods Seventy-five male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 200-220 g,were randomly divided into 5 groups (n =15 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),scald group (group S),dexmedetomidine group (group D),α-bungarotoxin (α-BGT) group,and dexmedetomidine+ α-BGT group (group D+α-BGT).About 30% of the total body surface was shaved and then exposed to 98 ℃ water for 12 s in S,D,α-BGT and D+α-BGT groups.The back of rats was exposed to 37 ℃ water for 12 s in group C.Rats were resuscitated with lactated Ringer's solution injected intraperitoneally according to Parkland formula within 24 h after establishment of the model.In D,α-BGT,and D+α-BGT groups,dexrnedetomidine 40 μg/kg,α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist α-BGT 1 μg/kg,and α-BGT 1 μg/kg plus dexmedetomidine 40 μg/kg were injected intraperitoneally,respectively,at 15 min before establishnent of the model.At 24 h after establishment of the model,the rats were sacrificed,and lungs were removed for examination of the pathological changes and for determination of myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity,in terleukin-1beta (IL-1β),tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α),and IL-6 contents (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay),and nucleoprotein factor kappa B (NF-κB) (by Western blot).The lung water content [(wet weight-dry weight)÷wet weight× 100%] was calculated.Results Compared with group C,the lung water content,MPO activities,and contents of IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly increased,and the expression of NF-κB was up-regulated in S,α-BGT and D groups (P<0.05).Compared with group S,the lung water content,MPO activities,and contents of IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly decreased,and the expression of NF-κB was down-regulated in D and D+α-BGT groups (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above (P>0.05),and the pathological changes were significantly attenuated in group α-BGT.Compared with group D,the lung water content,MPO activities,and contents of IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly increased,the expression of NF-κB was up-regulated (P<0.05),and the pathological changes were aggravated in group D + α-BGT.Conclusion Dexmedetomidine can mitigate scalds-induced acute lung injury in rats.

11.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2346-2347,2351, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604116

ABSTRACT

Objective Summarize the experiences of treating after-operation ventricular electrical storm (VES) with extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) .Methods Examine the clinical data of seven cases of treating after-operation VES with ECMO from January 2013 to April 2014 and analyze the basic pre-operation conditions of the patients ,diagnoses ,causes of VES ,ai-ding processes with ECMO ,and prognoses .Results Seven patients all were successfully separated from the machine after the treat -ment ,one patient infected seriously after being separated from the machine ,having multiple organ failure one week later and dis-charged voluntarily ;one patient having cerebral hemorrhage two days later after being separated from the machine and discharged voluntarily ;the remaining five patients cured and discharged with no complications .Conclusion ECMO can provide effective circu-lar support to patients suffering VES after heart operation ,maintaining coronary blood supply ,avoiding further myocardial damage , stabilizing electrolytes and the internal environment ,and gain time for restoration of heart rhythm and treatment according to the causes and triggers .

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1171-1174, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418235

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical effect,suitable dose,and its safety of dezocine combined with propofol used in painless artificial abortion.MethodsWith a completely randomized double blind method,200 cases of ASA Ⅰ or Ⅱ early intrauterine pregnancy patients were divided into A,B,C,and D four groups ( n =50).Each patient in A,B,and C groups was infused dezocine in 0.10,0.15,and 0.20 mg/Kg,respectively.D group was administrated with intravenous fentanyl 1.5 μ g/kg,then 3min later,slowly intravenous injection of 1% of propofol.MAP,HR,RR,and SpO2 were recorded at the before anesthesia induction (T0 ),loss of eyelash reflex time (T1 ),recovery time (T2),and recovery 10 -min time (T3 ).Meanwhile,the parameters including the anesthesia induction time,anesthesia recovery time,directional force recovery time,induction dosage and total dosage of propofol,and the intraoperative and postoperative analgesic efficacy and adverse reaction were compared among different groups.Results For the A and D groups,MAP,HR,RR,and SpO2 at the T1 were all lower than that at the T0 ( P <0.05).For the B group,MAP and HR at the T1 were lower than that at the T0 ( P < 0.05).The anesthesia recovery time and orientation recovery time in the B and C groups were significantly shorter than A and D groups ( P < 0.05 ),and significantly statistical difference was found between A and D groups,no statistical difference between B and C groups ( P > 0.05).The propofol induction dosage and total dosage were different among groups ( groups C < B < D < A) with a statistical significance ( P < 0.05 ).The intraoperarive analgesia effect,postoperative pain score grading,and intraoperative body dynamic reaction rates in the B and C groups were significantly different from the A and D groups ( P < 0.05 ),and no statistical significance was found between B and C groups ( P > 0.05 ).The respiratory inhibition,postoperative nausea,vomiting and other adverse reaction rates in the B and C groups were significantly lower than those in A and D groups ( P < 0.05),and those parameters in B group were lower than C group.ConclusionsDezocine combined with propofol is definitely effective and very safe in painless induced abortion with very less respiratory inhibition,nausea,vomiting,and other adverse reactions; and their optimal dosage is 0.15 mg/kg.

13.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 8-10, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416026

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical application of remifentanil in awake state for removal of tumors in functional brain area. Methods Twenty-four patients with tumors in functional brain area were divided into two groups by random digits table with 12 cases each:control group and remifentanil group. Infiltration anesthesia was used in all patients with 0.2% ropivacaine. Remifentanil was injected intravenously with micropump in 0.05-0.10 μg/ (kg·min) in remifentanil group and 0.9% sodium chloride was instead of remifentanil in control group. Patients remained awake during surgery in both groups. The hemodynamic changes and complications during operation were monitored. The satisfaction for surgical procedure was evaluated. Results The patients in two groups could be completed in awake state with surgery;mean artery pressure, heart rate in remifentanil group during opening or closing skull or intracranial period were significantly higher than those in control group(P< 0.05). There were no conspicuous complication in two groups such as respiratory depression, nausea, vomitting and dysphoria. The satisfaction score in remifentanil group[(3.3 ?0.6) scores] was higher than that in control group[(2.4 ?0.5) scores],there was significant difference between two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion Awake brain tumor surgery could be completed in rational use of remifentanil on the base of good local anesthesia, and hemodynamics are stable and the patients are well tolerated.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1187-1190, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386478

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the protective effects of propofol pretreatment on ischemia-reperfusion injury in rabbit heart. Methods Forty New Zealand white rabbits (40 male, weighting 2. 5 ± 0. 36kg) were randomly assigned to 4 groups, including sham operation group, ischemia reperfusion (IR)group, IR + ischemia preconditioning (IP) group and IR + Propofol preconditioning (PP) group (n =10 each). The myocardial ischemia-reperfusion model of rabbits was established by coronary artery ligation.The levels of high energy phosphates (ATP, ADP and AMP) in myocardial tissue were measured by HPLC.The activities of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), serum creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondiadehyd (MDA) in myocardial tissue were assayed. Results The content of ATP, ADP, AMP, and the activity of SOD in PP group and IP group were higher than that of IR group, and the content of LDH, MDA and CK-MB in injured myocardial tissue in PP group and IP group were obviously lower than that of IR group (P <0. 05, P <0. 01). No difference was found in PP group and IP group(P>0. 05). Conclusion Propofol preconditioning as well as ischemia preconditioning protected the myocardial tissues from the ischemia-reperfusion injury by improving the myocardial energy metabolism, the debasement of the oxyradical level and the antagonism the reaction of lipid peroxides.

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