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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930542


Objective:To explore the impact of pain, functional disability, self-efficacy and social support on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in gout patients.Methods:From November 2019 to January 2020, a total of 218 patients with gout were investigated using the general information questionnaire, Visual Analogue Scale, Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index, General Self-Efficacy Scale, Perceived Social Support Scale, and Gout Impact Scale. The structural equation model was established by AMOS 24.0 for parth analysis, and the mechanism of pain dysfuction, self-efficacy and social support affecting the quality of life in gout patients was tested.Results:The total score of Gout Impact Scale, pain, functional disability, self-efficacy and social support respectively was 59.94±18.39, 6.00±2.76, 0.25 0, 0.88, 23.39±6.40 and 62.92±8.24. Pain directly influenced HRQOL ( β=-0.293, P<0.01), and indirectly influenced HRQOL ( β=-0.039, P<0.05). Functional disability directly influenced HRQOL ( β=-0.244, P<0.01). Self-efficacy directly influenced HRQOL ( β=0.182, P<0.01), and indirectly influenced HRQOL ( β=0.202, P<0.01) through pain and functional disability. Social support indirectly influenced HRQOL ( β=0.278, P<0.01) through pain, functional disability and self-efficacy. Conclusions:HRQOL of patients among gout is affected by several factors, mainly affected by pain, functional disability and self-efficacy; and there are interactions among them. Targeted interventions should be strengthened to relieve pain, prevent or slow down the progress of physical disability, enhance self-efficacy and social support to improve HRQOL.

Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 63-68, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698852


Objective To construct a core competency-based curriculum for master of geriatric nursing specialist. Methods On the basis of literature review and theoretical analysis,the curriculum for master of geriatric nursing specialist was set up,and through 6 experts'modification with Delphi method,the final entries were confirmed.Results Through two-round consultation,the training course system formaster of geriatric nursing was established to consist of 9 entries and 33 sub-entries.The response coefficients of the two-round consultations were 100%,and the authority coefficients of the experts were 0.86 and 0.92 respectively.The coordination coefficients for overall entries were 0.534 and 0.593 respectively with P<0.001,indicating statistically significant differences. Conclusion The curriculum for master of geriatric nursing is reliable and valid,which can provide practical basis.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504242


Objective To explore the effects of multiple geriatric syndromes on quality of life in the hospitalized elderly type 2 diabetes. Methods A cross sectional study was carried out in 397 elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus by convenience sampling method. Each subject was assessed for general condition, quality of life as well as chronic pain, chronic constipation, urinary incontinence, high risk of falling, malnutrition, sleep disorder, polypharmacy. The influencing factors of quality of life were analyzed by multiple stepwise regression analysis. Results The patients averagely had 3.23 ± 1.51 geriatric syndromes, and 87.2% (346/397) of them had two or more geriatric syndromes. The average physical component summary of patients was (277.11±64.30) points, and mental component summary was (307.00 ± 60.46) points. The influencing factors of physical component of quality of life were quantity of geriatric syndromes, number of complications and course of disease, while the influencing factors of mental component of quality of life were quantity of geriatric syndromes, number of complications. Conclusions Multiple geriatric syndromes are closely related to the patients′quality of life to a greater degree as demographic factors and condition of diabetes. Nursing staffs should pay attention to the assessment and intervention of multiple geriatric syndromes in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes, so as to improve patients′quality of life effectively.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669624


Objective To investigate and compare the clinical thinking ability of medical graduate students of different majors and different grades to explore the influencing factors of clinical thinking ability. Methods 180 graduate students in Medical College of Qingdao University were sur-veyed,including 54 nursing and 126 clinical medicine graduates of different grades. We used a self-designed scale of clinical thinking ability which included three main dimensions (critical thinking abil-ity, systematic thinking ability, evidence-based thinking ability) and twenty-four level 2 items. Ap-plying t test, ANOVA, multiple linear regression analysis for data statistical analysis. Results There's no significant difference comparing the scores of nursing graduates to the scores of clinical medical graduates(t=-0.80, P>0.05). However, there is significant difference in the different grade graduates (F=53.43, P<0.05). The multiple linear regression analysis shows that the practice time, reading professional literature quantity, and starting research earlier or later,are signif-icantly related to the clinical thinking ability(P<0.05). Conclusion The clinical thinking level of medical graduate students is generally high, and the higher grade, the higher level of clinical think-ing ability. We must strength-en the training of clinical thinking ability of medical graduates.