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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418382

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore prevention of cyclosporine A (CsA) combined with Cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP) against murine graft versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods C57BL/6 (H-2Kb) mice were used as donors and BALB/c (H-2Kd) mice as recipients,which were randomly divided into 4 groups.The mice in total body irradiation group (TBI group) were lethally irradiated and injected intravenously with PBS; The mice in Allo-HSCT group (BS group) were lethally irradiated and injected intravenously with bone marrow cells and spleen cells; The mice in CsA intervention group (CsA group) were injected with CsA intraperitoneally after allo-HSCT; The mice in CsA combine with CoPP intervention group (combination group) received both CsA and CoPP intraperitoneally after alloHSCT.Recipients were monitored for condition,survival rate and weight.The liver,small intestine and skin in the recipients were gained and pathological changes of GVHD were assessed.The kidney was stained with Masson staining dye to observe the tissue fibrosis.The expression levels of renal HO-1 mRNA in the recipients were detected.Results In contrast to BS and CsA groups,GVHD degree in combination group was mild,with less reduction and quick recovery of weight.On the day 30 after HSCT,survival rate in BS group was 36.8%,and that in combination group and CsA group was 69.6% and 53.5% respectively (P<0.05).In comparison with BS and CsA groups,pathological changes in combination group were mild,cellular edema and degeneration degree of the liver,small intestine and skin were slight,and few necrosis and infiltrated inflammatory cells were observed.Tubulointerstitial fibrosis hardly occurred in combination group,but it occurred in CsA group abundantly.As compared with BS group,the expression levels of HO-1 mRNA was increased in combination group,while decreased in CsA group (P<0.05).Conclusion CsA combined with CoPP enhanced the protective effect of CsA against GVHD,moreover,CoPP could alleviate the side effects of CsA,which might be related with up-regulation of the expression levels of HO-1.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413714

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of ABI-1 gene knockdown upon the proliferation and migration of human gastric cancer cell NCI-N87 in vitro. MethodsNCI-N87-ABI-I-ShRNA cell model was successfully constructed and validated by Real-time PCR and Western blot. The cellular morphous and skeleton, proliferative and migrative potents, and also AKT expression were compared between NCI-N87-ABI-1-ShRNA and its parents by immunofluorental staining, CCK-8 assay, transwell chamber and Western blotting.ResultsCCK-8 assay showed there was no significant difference in the proliferation rates at different time points between the NCI-N87-Vector and NCI-N87 cells while the proliferation rates at the time points of 36 and 48 hours of the NCI-N87-ABI-1-ShRNA were significantly lower than the NCI-N87( t =2. 85and 4. 166, P < 0. 05 ). Transwell assay showed that migrated cell number were 66 ± 8, 65 ± 8 and 30 ± 4,respectively, and there was significant difference between the NCI-N87-ABI-1-ShRNA and NCI-N87 cells (t =9. 550,P <0. 05). Finally, ABI-1- knock-down altered the cellular morphoos and skeleton of 90%NCI-N87 cells and inhibited p-AKT expression.ConclusionABI-1 inhibits proliferation and migration of NCI-N87 cells in vitro probably by PI3K/AKT pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383559

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of the lentiviral vectors mediated mouse genetic engineering regulatory T cells(Tr) infused after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation(allo-BMT) on graft-versushost disease(GVHD) in mice. Methods Lentivirus-mediated expression of forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) converted CD4 + CD25 - T cells from BALB/c mice into engineered Tr in vitro. An allo-BMT model of BALB/c→C57BL/6 mice was established. After irradiation, the recipients were injected with donor cells along with genetic engineering Tr. Survival time, histopathological analysis, serum levels of inflammatory cytokines were observed after allo-BMT. Results The mean survival times in radiation group, transplantation control group, engineering Tr group and empty vector control group were ( 8.8 ± 0.6 ) d, ( 36.7 ± 2.5 ) d, ( 51.6 ± 4.0 ) d and ( 34.1 ± 2. 3 ) d. The survival time in engineering Tr group was significantly increased as compared to other groups as judged by the log-rank test ( P <0.05 ). Histopathological analysis in several target organs( skin, liver and small intestine) confirmed the presence of severe GVHD in transplantation control group and empty vector control group. No histological signs of GVHD were observed in recipients in engineering Tr group. The serum levels of IFN-γ, IL-2 and TNF-α were all increased after transplantation in above groups. The peaks of concentrations of IFN-γ, IL-2 and TNF-α in engineering Tr group were significantly decreased compared to transplantation control group and empty vector control group at day 21 ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion Co-injection of genetic engineering Tr can efficiently prevent recipients from lethal GVHD during allo-BMT in mice by reducing the serum levels of inflammatory cytokines.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390224

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of the lentiviral vectors-mediated mouse genetic engineering regulatory T cells (Treg) infused after allogeneie bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT)on graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in mice.Methods Lentivirus-mediated expression of Forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) converted CD4~+ CD25~- T cells from Balb/c mice into engineered Tregs in vitro.An allo-BMT model of Balb/c→C57BL/6 mice was established.Mice were randomly assigned into four groups:(1) The recipients in engineering Treg group were injected with 5×10~6 donor bone marrow cells and 5×10~6 splenoeytes plus 5×10~6 genetic engineering Treg;(2)The recipients in transplantation control group were iniected with 5×10~6 donor bone marrow cells and 5×10~6 splenocytes;(3) The recipients in radiation group were injected with 0.2 ml RPMI 1640;(4)The recipients in empty vector control group were injected with 5×10~6 donor bone marrow cells and 5×10~6 splenocytas plus 5×10~6 empty vector transduced CD4~+ CD25~- T cells.Survival time,clinical GVHD Score or histopathological analysis(skin,liver and small intestine) were observed after allo-BMT.Chimerism of bone marrow cells from recipients survived for 60 days after transplantation was measured Results The mean survival times in radiation group, transplantation control group,erIgineering Treg group and empty vector control group were (8.8±0.6),(36.7±2.5),(51.6±4.0) and (34.1±2.3)days respectively.The survival time in engineering Treg group was signiticantly prolonged as compared with other groups as judged by the log-rank test(P<0.05).Histopathological ahalysis in several target organs (skin,liver and small intestine)confirmed the presence of severe GVHD in transplantation control group and empty vector control group. No histological signs of GVHD were observed in recipients in engineering Treg group and clinical GVHD scores in this group were significantly decreased compared to transplantation control group and empty vector control group. Conclusion Co-injection of genetic engineering Treg can efficiently prevent recipients from lethal GVHD during allo-BMT in mice

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403498

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is one of important cytokines to promote the maturation of dendritic cells. Blockage of TNF-α action by binding with soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (sTNFR1) may arrest dendritic cells in an immature state and induce stable, long-term tolerance. OBJECTIVE: To construct the lentiviral vectors carrying sTNFR1 gene and investigate sTNFR1 expression in immature dendritic cells. METHODS: Total RNA of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells was taken as a template. The sTNFR1 gene fragment was amplified by RT-PCR, subcloned to the lentiviral vectors pXZ208, and ligated to the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) reporter gene to establish lentiviral vector, called pXZ9-sTNFR1. DNA sequencing was performed for lentiviral vector identification. Lentivirus was prepared by transfection of 293 FT cells with pXZ9-sTNFR1. Viral titer was determined by eGFP expression. C57BL/6 mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells were in vitro cultured with low-dose granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factors and interleukin 4. On day 5 of culture, immature dendritic cells were transfected with pXZ9-sTNFR1 recombinant lentiviral supernatant, sTNFR1 transcription was detected by RT-PCR, sTNFR1 protein expression by Western blot analysis. Following sTNFR1 gene modification and lipopolysaccharide stimulation, the phenotype characteristics of dendritic cells were observed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Recombinant plasmid pXZ9-sTNFR1 was successfully constructed. Twenty-four hours after 293 FT cell transfection, eGFP expression was observed and viral titer was over 10<'6> U/L. RT-PCR demonstrated that pXZ9-sTNFRl-transfected immature dendritic cells showed sTNFR1 positive expression. Western blot analysis revealed that sTNFR1 protein appeared in the immature dendritic cells and supernatant following 293 FT cell transfection. On day 5 of culture, dendritic cells expressed low level of class Ⅱ major histocompatibility complex (MHC Ⅱ), as well as CD40, CD86, CD80, molecules. However, following lipopolysaccharide stimulation, dendritic cells expressed high level of MHC Ⅱ, as well as CD40, CD80, and CD86, molecules, exhibiting the phenotype characteristics of mature dendritic cells. But after sTNFR modification, the expression level of MHC Ⅱ, as well as CD40, CD80, and CD86, molecules was not altered obviously. Lentiviral vectors carrying sTNFR1 gene and eGFP reporter gene were successfully constructed, and recombinant lentiviral plasmids with high titer were acquired. Following high efficacy of lentiviral gene transfection, immature dendritic cells stably express sTNFR1 mRNA and protein, which prevents immature dendritic cells from activation by exogenous lipopolysaccharide and maintains the immature state.

6.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 548-551, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471775

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to establish the leukemia mouse model by using EL4/DsRed cell line expressing red fluorescent protein (DsRed) and to evaluate the model. Methods After total body irradiation with X-ray of 7.0 Gy, C57BL/6 mice were inoculated 5×106 bone marrow cells mixed different numbers of EL4/DsRed cells via tail vein. The model was evaluated by flow cytometry (FCM), reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and histopathology. Results The incidence of leukemia was 100 %. The presence of EL4/DsRed cells was found in liver, spleen, bone marrow and peripheral blood of recipients by FCM two weeks after transplantation. Pathological section revealed that all recipients had several organs infiltration apparently. With the increase in the number of inoculated tumor cells, the survival time of recipients was reduced and the infiltration of leukemia cells in organs was more serious. Conclusion Mouse leukemia model was successfully established when C57BL/6 mouse was intravenously transplanted with ≥5×102 EL4/DsRed cells. The model could be employed usefully in the future research such as the pathogenesis of leukemia and minimal residual disease (MRD).

7.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 98-101, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472389

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect and determine the expression and significance of MHC class Ⅰ chain-related gene A/B (MICA/B) and membrane MIC molecules (mMIC) on the bone marrow mononuclear cells (MNC) of patients with acute leukemia (AL). Methods Expression of MICA/B gene was detected by semi-quantitative reverse transcriptaso polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in MIC-pesitive K562 cell line, bone marrow MNC from 10 healthy people and 69 cases of acute leukemia (AL). Expression of mMIC was detected by Western blotting. The differences of the expression of MIC gene and mMIC between AML and ALL were compared. The prognosis was determined by chromosome type between patients with mMIC+ and mMIC-. Results The expression of MIC gene and mMIC could not be detected in healthy people. The expression rate of MICA gene was 49.28% and the MICB gene was 42.03% and the mMIC was 34.78% in patients with AL. In AML group, the expression rate of MICA gene was 60.00%, and the expression rate of MICB gene was 53.33%, and the expression rate of mMIC was 44.44%. But in ALL group, the expression rate of MICA gene was 29.17%, of MICB gene 20.83%, and of mMIC 16.67%. The expression of MICA/B gene and mMIC in AML group were higher than that in ALL group (P<0.05). The prognosis of patients with mMIC+ is better than the ones with mMIC-. Conclusion The up-regnlation of MIC gene and mMIC in bone marrow MNC from patients of AL may have some relationship with the occurrence of AL The expression of MIC gene and mMIC is high in AML and low or devoid in ALL, which would be an possible mechanism that ALL cells were easy to escape killing from NK and CTL cells. Determined by chromosome type, the prognosis of AL with mMIC positive was better than the ones with mMIC negative. MIC might be one of the factors to determine the prognosis of AL.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405096

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the non-specific and inaccurate amplification in cases of highly similar sequences among family members and the length heterogeneity of mature microRNA ( miRNA) ,and find a condition that discriminates maximally among similar miRNA family members and detects the accurate expression level of miRNAs. Methods: Primers with their mismatches and/or 3' end at different positions were designed. Amplification efficiencies were compared using matched and various mismatched primers by RNA-tailing and primer-extension RT-PCR at different annealing temperatures. Expression levels of several miRNAs in mouse brain were compared using miRNA specific primers with different termini. Results: Raising annealing temperatures 12℃-14℃above the T_m of the primers maximally increased amplification specificity without sacrificing sensitivity. Primers designed with their termini on or near variant positions could efficiently discriminate between miRNA isoforms. Using primers that terminated before the end of the mature miRNA did not miss the detection of shorter mature miRNA and provided accurate expression levels. Conclusion: Careful primer design and higher annealing temperature can increase specificity and accuracy of real time PCR miRNA detection.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407965

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The principal deterrent to the success for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the complications after transplantation. The complications are associates with the conditioning regimens in the early stage. The highly-effective preparative regimens of proper dose and low-toxicity are the key to the successful HSCT.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the curative effects and regimen related toxicity (RRT) of high-dose alkylating-agent-based chemotherapy as conditioning regimens for HSCT in the patients with hematological malignancies.DESIGN: Controlled study with observation.SETTING: Department of Hematology, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College.PARTICIPANTS: A total of 45 patients with leukemia and lymphoma hospitalized at Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College from July 1997 to February 2006 were enrolled, including 31 males and 14 females. The median age was 31 years (from 7 to 52 years). The median course was 8 months (from 5 to 17 months) until transplantation.METHODS: Totally 45 patients with leukemia and lymphoma approached or got complete remission were treated by bone marrow transplantation and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation with preparative regimens of high-dose alkylating-agent-based chemotherapy. RRT was graded according to Bearman proposal, from grade 0 (no toxicity) to grade Ⅳ (fatal toxicity). The period of hematopoietic reconstitution, the rates of complete remission and relapse and disease-free survival were statistically observed in transplant recipients.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Occurrence of RRT as conditioning regimens.RESULTS: ①Five patients did not show any toxicity. The greatest toxicity of grade Ⅲ was uncommon (13%, 6/45). Most of the cases with RRT were in grade Ⅰ - Ⅱ and severe oases in grade Ⅲ were rare. In grade Ⅰ - Ⅱ, stomatocace and gastrointestinal toxicity were common respectively of 73% (33/45) and 51% (23/45) which were recovered in short time after treatment; Heart toxicity was rare and only in grade Ⅰ, most of which were tachyoardia and changes of ST-T shape. The increase of transaminase was common in the clinical manifestations of liver RRT except two cases of HVOD.There were four oases of HC, in which one was delayed. RRT on kidney, lungs and CNS was uncommon. ②Totally 43 patients engrafted gained hematopoietic reconstitution, 2 patients died of implant failure (4%). Within the median follow-up period of 37 (8-102) months, 10 patients relapsed, 5 patients died of transplantation-related complications and 28 patients were alive in a disease-free situation (62.2%). The cause of death within 100 days after transplantation was ordinal as acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), cytomegalovirus (CMV) interstitial pneumonia, disseminated infections,multiple organ failure and early relapses.CONCLUSION: Alkylating-agent-based conditioning regimens may be well tolerated with low toxicities for HSCT in leukemia and lymphoma.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407901

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The primary qualification of peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) is the effective mobilization and harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. The mobilization efficacy is closely related to the selection of high-efficacy low-toxicity regimen, the timing of mobilization and harvesting as well.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of mitoxantone (MIT) combined with high-dose arabinosylcytosin (Ara-C),followed by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) alone or combination of G-CSF and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) on mobilizing PBSCs in patients with hematological malignancies and solid tumors.DESIGN: Controlled study with observation.SETTTNG: Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College.PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two patients with hematological malignancies and solid tumors admitted to Department of Hematology, Xuzhou Medical College from September 1998 to December 2006 were involved in this study. They were diagnosed according to FAB classification criteria and new WHO proposals. The involved patients, 25 male and 17 female, averaged 29 years ranging from 7 to 54 years and weighted (52±18) kg. Among them, 12 were patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia, 6 were patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 1 was patient with chronic granulocytic leukemia (CGL) at chronic phase, 15 were patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), 4 were patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), 2 was patient with multiple myeloma (MM), 2 were patients with advanced breast cancer. All the patients apprcached to or got complete remission after conventional chemotherapy. No tumor cell infiltration was observed in bone marrow cytological examination. The functions of the main organs such as heart, lung, liver and kidney,and so on, were normal. The patients underwent an average of 8-course chemotherapy before the mobilization. Informed consents of all the patients were obtained.METHODS: MIT was intravenously injected at 10 mg/(m2·d)for 2 to 3 days, then Ara-C was also intravenously injected at 2 g/m2 every 12 hours for 1 to 2 days. When white blood cell (WBC) count recovered from the lowest value, 5 to 7.5 μg/ (kg·d)G-CSF was applied in 20 patients for 3 to 5 days successively. And 5 to 7.5 μg/ (kg·d)G-CSF and 5 to 7 μ g/(kg·d)GM-CSF were applied in another 22 patients at 6:00 in the morning and in the evening, respectively. PBSCs harvesting started when WBC > 2.5×109 L-1, especially when CD34+ cells≥ 1%,WBC was doubly increased. Autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNCs) were collected with CS3000 plus blood cell separator for detecting the level of CD34+ cells and T lymphocyte subsets. CFU-GM assays were performed in a methyl-cellulose-based clonogenic assay.① MNCs mixed with FITC-labeled CD34+, CD3 and CD8 monoclonal antibodies as well as CD4 PE-labeled CD monoclonal antibody at 4 ℃ for 30 minutes. 5×105 cells were determined, and CD3 and CD34+ levels, CD4/CD8 were determined by flow cytometer.Colony forming unit-granulocyte macrophage (CFU-GM) was determined with methyl cellulose. ② Related adverse reactions were observed after operation. ③ Aiming to different types of diseases,autologous PBSCs were back infused 36 to 48 hours after pre-disposal treatment. MNCs count and trypan-blue drying were done. Levels of CFU-GM and CD34+ cells were determined after unfreezing.MATN OUTCOME MEASURES: ① Changes in CD34+ cells and T lymphocyte subsets before and after mobilization. ② Postoperative related adverse reactions. ③ Back perfusion volume of autologous PBSCs (MNCs count, the number of CFU-GM and CD34+ cells).RESULTS: Forty-two involved patients participated in the final analysis. ① Changes in CD34+ cells and T lymphocyte subsets before and after mobilization: Without using hematopoietic growth factors (HGF), the percentage of CD34+ cells in peripheral blood of the patients was (0.054±0.032)%. After using G-CSF/GM-CSF treatment, it was (1.82±0.76)%,which was obviously increased compared with that of without using HGF (P < 0.001). The CD34+ cells and CFU-GM yields of 22 patients in C-CSF plus GM-CSF combination group [(8.76±3.39)×106/kg, (3.52±1.33)×105/kg, respectively]were significantly higher than those of 20 patients in G-CSF alone group [(6.12±2.11)×106/kg, (2.03±1.07)×105/kg,respectively (P < 0.05)]. There were no obvious changes of T lymphocyte subsets in the patients when using G-CSF/GM-CSF for some days except that CD34+ cells increased gradually (P > 0.05). ② Postoperative related adverse reactions: Ⅱ to Ⅲ degree hair-loss was seen in all the patients. Blood platelets dropped to (54.43±26.14)×109 L-1 at different degrees. Infective fevers (37.8 ℃ to 41.0 ℃) occurred in 21 patients. But they were controlled in short term after antibiotics treatment. All the side effects of G-CSF and GM-CSF were mild and reversible, easily controlled with paracetamol or steroids. Bone pain (mainly in lumbosacral region) occurred in 13 patients when WBC went up quickly. ③ Back perfusion volume of autologous PBSCs: PBSCs were cryopreserved at -80 ℃ without program control for 2.0 to 6.5 months. The cell recovery rate was (88.7±7.4) %. Trypan blue exclusion rate was (92.1±5.5) %. The back perfusion volume of MNCs, CD34+ cells and CFU-GM yields were (5.21±2.44)×108/kg, (6.89±3.55)×106/kg, (2.58±2.33)×105/kg,respectively. ④Circulation blood volume were 10 to 16 L (end-point separation blood volume were all above trebling TBV). Hematopoiesis was well reconstituted in 40 patients received autologous PBSCT.CONCLUSTON: MIT and high-dose Ara-C chemotherapy combined with both G-CSF alone and G-CSF plus GM-CSF can safely and effectively mobilize autologous PBSCs, while G-CSF plus GM-CSF is superior to G-CSF alone.Large-volume leukapheresis is an important method to enhance the productive rate of stem cells and decrease the times of harvesting.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588103

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of homeobox genes CDX1 and CDX2 on the phenotype of esophageal adenocarcinoma cells.Methods Esophageal adenocarcinoma cell line SEG-1 was transfected with CDX1 or CDX2 cDNA.The morphology,growth rate,division index and tumorigenicity were analyzed.Results The expression of CDX1 or CDX2 leaded to occurring adeniform-like manifestation.The growth rate,division index and tumorigenicity were reduced,especially by CDX2.Conclusion CDX1 and CDX2 all could increase differentiation of esophageal adenocarcinoma cells and reduction of its malignancy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565419

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine global expression levels of microRNAs(miRNAs) in mouse cerebrum and to provide an important basis for detailed studies of individual miRNAs,their target genes,the miRNA-related regulatory networks in the mammalian central nervous system,and their implications in diseases.Methods:Low molecular weight RNA from cerebrum of five C57BL/6J mice were tailed and reverse transcribed by extended RT-primer.miRNA primers were carefully designed and arrayed on plates according to the Tm of each primer.PCR was carried out at different annealing temperatures using a gradient real-time PCR instrument.The relative expression level of each miRNA was calculated using 5sRNA for normalization.Results:Among the 285 miRNAs detected,260 were positive with varying abundance.Their frequency distribution was approximately a normal distribution.The expression levels of most miRNAs were in accordance with previously published results by microarray.However,the positive rate was higher than that detected by microarray.miRNAs originating from the same hairpin precursors expressed at similar or significantly different levels.Clusters of proximal miRNAs were similar or quite different in abundance.It is suggested that the fate of miRNA after transcription determined their abundance.Conclusion:Using the RNA-tailing and primer-extension PCR array method,we obtained expression profile of miRNA in mouse cerebrum,especially the relative expression data of many low abundant miRNA in mouse cerebrum,which will be of special help for studying the fine-tuning function of low-level miRNAs.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-560942

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize and evaluate the modified RNA-tailing and primer-extension RT-PCR method in relative quantification of microRNAs (miRNAs) in several kinds of tissues. Methods: Small-sized RNAs (

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555551

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the immunotherapeutic effect on the esopgageal adenocarcinoma mediated by gp96-peptide complexes isolated from the same kind of tumor. Methods: gp96- peptide complexes were purified from nude mice tumors burdened by subcutaneous injection of human esophageal adenocarcinoma cell line SEG-1 . gp96-peptide complexes were carried by the dendritic cells(DC) induced from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells to prepare gp96-DC vaccine. The proliferation of lymphocytes was tested with trypan-blue stain. The quantity of interferon-?(IFN-?) released from cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) was detected with ELISA method. The killing effect of CTL on target cell SEG-1 was measured with MTT. Results: We obtained 120 ?g gp96 from 55 g tumor tissue. DC, gp96, and gp96-DC all could elicit the proliferation of lymphocytes and make them becoming into CTL which released IFN-? and showed different degrees of killing effect on target cell SEG-1. gp96-DC has the strongest eliciting effect among them. At the ratio of E(effect) to T(target) as 40∶1,the killing rate was 68%.No significant difference between the effects of CTL induced by DC alone and of lymphocytes without specific antigen on SEG-1 and K562 cells. Conclusion: The gp96-peptide complexes from tumors can improve the effect of eliciting lymphocyte proliferation of DC and make the lymphocyte becoming into CTL more effectively.These CTLs show prominent killing effect on the target tumor cells.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-583167

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relation and difference of expression phase between classⅡtransactivator (CⅡTA) and HLA-DR antigens after IFN-? incubation, so as to investigate the potential effect of the class Ⅱ trasactivator (CⅡTA) in graft-versus-host disease(GVHD). Methods T lymphocyte from peripheral blood of health was incubated with IFN-? for 1 000 U/ml. RT-PCR was used to detect CⅡTA mRNA and Western blot was used to explore HLA-DR antigen in various time periods. Then Stat1? antisense oligonucleotides (AS) were given to inhibit the expression of CⅡTA, CⅡTA mRNA and HLA-DR antigen were tested again at peak point. Results CⅡTA mRNA was detectable 5 h after IFN-? treatment and peaks at 14 h; HLA-DR protein was detectable 28 h after IFN-? treatment and peaks at 52 h. The expression of CⅡTA mRNA and HLA-DR protein was lower in AS groups than that in control groups. Conclusion CⅡTA expression was positively correlated to HLA-DR expression, and earlier than the HLA-DR expression after IFN-? incubation. CⅡTA might be used as an early predicting marker of GVHD.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-579569

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the preventive effects of Tripterygium hypoglaucum(Level)Hutch(THH)extract on T lymphocyte subpopulations in mice with graft-versus-host disease(GVHD)and to explore its protective mechanism.Methods 2?107 bone marrow cells mixed with 2?107 spleen cells from C57BL/6 mouse were transplanted into the myeloablative irradiated inbred BALB/c mouse.The experiment groups were designed as follows:model control group,cyclosporine A(CsA,10 mg?kg-1?d-1)group,THH(400 mg?kg-1?d-1)group,combination group(CsA 5 mg?kg-1?d-1 + THH 100 mg?kg-1?d-1).The ocurrence of GVHD was assessed by signs of weight loss,diarrhea,ruffled fur,hunched posture and histologic changes of skin,liver and small intestines.Chimerism was detected by monitoring the H-2b molecule in bone marrow cells of recipient mice with flow cytometer.The percentages of CD+3CD+4 and CD+3CD+8 T cells in peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometer.Results The survival time of CsA group,THH group and combination group were prolonged as compared with that of the model control group(P

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354928

ABSTRACT

The aim of this work was to test the effect of p16 on the proliferation of leukemic cells and its potential in gene therapy for leukemia. The full-length p16 cDNA was transfered by recombinant retrovirus vector into leukemia cell line K562, which is homozygous p16 deletion and retains functional retinoblastoma (RB) protein. The cell proliferation was tested in liquid and in soft agar culture after transduction of p16 retrovirus. The results showed a strong inhibition of cell proliferation. Phosphorylation of RB protein was also inhibited. The findings demonstrated that p16 (MTS/CDKN2) inactivation is a significant factor in the genesis and progression of leukemia and p16 could be a candidate gene for gene therapy in leukemia.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-554524

ABSTRACT

A standard microlymphocytotoxicity assay was used to test the sera for HLAantibodies in the patients receiving multitransfusions and to identify their speci-ficity,and at the same time the platelet-associated antibodies were detected.As a result,the dectable rate of HLA antibodies was 39.14% (119/304),of which24.37% (29/119) had specificity;the positive rat platelet-associated antibodieswas 39.83% (47/118).The frequency of positive incidence of HLA antibodiesincreased with the number of transfusions and donors,having a significant differ-ence.The nonhemolytic reaction to transfusion was associated with HLA antibodi-es.The frequency of positive incidence of HLA antibodies was the highest whenthe patients were transfused with concentrated granulocytes.There were takensome measures to prevent and reduce the transfusion reaction.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-675759

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of CD28 costimulatory molecule on human lymphocytes inhibited by siRNA.Methods:Three different siRNA (siRNA 1,siRNA 2,siRNA 3) were designed and synthysized and transfected into freshly isolated human lymphocytes with cationic liposome.At 24,48 and 72 h post transfection,the changes of CD28 expression were detected by flow cytometry,and the changes of CD28 mRNA levels were determined by semi quantitative RT PCR.Results:Different siRNA showed different reduction in CD28 expression.At 48 h post transfection,the degrees of reduction with siRNA 1,siRNA 2 and siRNA 3 were 22 10%?1 63%,73 50%?1 02% and 42 90%?0 89% respectively compared with the control ( P

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