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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910098

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the global and segmental myocardial work in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) by left ventricular pressure-strain loop (PSL) noninvasively.Methods:Eighteen patients with CA in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital from March 2018 to December 2020 were included as CA group, 20 healthy subjects were selected as control group. The global longitudinal strain (GLS) and mechanical dispersion (MD) of left ventricle were analyzed by two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging. The left ventricular PSL was used to assess global work index (GWI), global constructive work (GCW), global waste work (GWW), and global work efficiency (GWE). The mean value of left ventricular basal, mid and apical myocardial work index (MWI), constructive work (CW), waste work (WW) and work efficiency (WE) were calculated and compared between the two groups.Results:①Compared with the control group, GLS was decreased and MD was increased in CA group (all P<0.05). ②GWI, GCW, GWW and GWE were decreased in CA group compared with the control group (all P<0.05). ③In CA group, the MWI, CW and WE of the basal, mid and apical segments were lower than those of control group (all P<0.05), WW of the basal and mid segments were lower than those of apical segment(all P<0.05). The impairment of MWI, WW and WE in basal and mid segment were more significant than those of apical segment (all P<0.05). ④GWI, GCW and GWE were positively correlated with GLS ( r=0.854, 0.816, 0.748; all P<0.001) and LVEF ( r=0.674, 0.634, 0.650; all P<0.01), and negatively correlated with MD ( r=-0.657, -0.672, -0.710, all P<0.01). GWI and GCW were negatively correlated with E/e′ ( r=-0.493, -0.539; all P<0.05). Conclusions:The global, basal, mid and apical left ventricular myocardial work indices are decreased in CA patients. MWI, CW and WE show an apical sparing pattern. Quantitative assessment of myocardial work by PSL may provide more valuable information for CA patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910083

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the fetal left atrial phasic function in normal pregnancy by two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging(2D-STI).Methods:The antenatal examination images of 80 normal singleton fetuses from January 2019 to January 2020 in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The following parameters were acquired from apical or basal four-chamber views at 24 weeks, 32 weeks and 37 weeks: global peak systolic strain and strain rate (S-LAs, SR-LAs), global conduit strain and strain rate (S-LAe, SR-LAe), global contractile strain and strain rate (S-LAa, SR-LAa).Results:The possibilities to identify left atrial phasic strain at 24 weeks, 32 weeks and 37 weeks were 97.5%, 88.8% and 87.5%, respectively. There were no significant differences among the 3 groups( P=0.051). Compared with at 24 weeks, S-LAs was decreased at 32 weeks and 37 weeks(all P<0.05), while S-LAe at 37 weeks was higher than at 24 weeks and 32 weeks(all P<0.05). S-LAa decreased gradually among the 3 groups, and reached the lowest at 37 weeks of gestation( P<0.05). SR-LAs and SR-LAa were lower at 32 weeks and 37 weeks than at 24 weeks(all P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in SR-LAe among the three groups( P=0.076). Conclusions:It is feasible to evaluate the phasic function of fetal left atrium by 2D-STI. Compared with the second trimester, the left atrial reservoir function and pump function of the fetus are decreased in the third trimester, while the ductal function is enhanced in the third trimester. The determination of the changes of normal atrial function with gestational weeks can provide a basis for the evaluation of fetal cardiac maturity and the detection of fetal cardiac dysfunction.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess global myocardial work in non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients with no obvious regional wall motion abnormalities and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by noninvasive left ventricular (LV) pressure-strain loops, and to explore its diagnostic value in patients with NSTE-ACS.Methods:A total of 169 NSTE-ACS patients with normal wall motion abnormalities and LVEF (>55%) were recruited in Beijing Chao Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University from June to December 2019. The patients were divided into two groups according to the degree of coronary stenosis, including severe coronary artery stenosis group ( n=121), and no severe stenosis group ( n=48). The patients of severe coronary artery stenosis group were further subdivided into single-vessel severe stenosis group ( n=52) and multi-vessel severe stenosis group ( n=69). Global longitudinal strain (GLS) analysis was performed by speckle tracking echocardiography before coronary angiography. Brachial cuff systolic pressure was used as left ventricular pressure to construct a non-invasive left ventricular pressure-strain loop. Global myocardial work index (GWI), global constructive work (GCW), global waste work (GWW) and global myocardial work efficiency (GWE) was computed by LV pressure-strain loops with a proprietary algorithm between groups. ROC curve analysis was used to determine the optimal cutoff value of the parameters to detect severe coronary artery stenosis. Independent factors affecting left ventricular myocardial function were assessed by Logistic regression analysis. Results:GLS, GWI, GCW and GWE were significantly reduced, and GWW was increased in severe coronary artery stenosis group than in no severe stenosis group(all P<0.05). GLS was significantly reduced in multi-vessel severe stenosis group ( P<0.05) but not in single-vessel severe stenosis group ( P=0.32). GWE was an independent factor affecting myocardial function in severe coronary artery stenosis group, GWE<96% had a area under the curve (AUC)=0.83 (74% for sensitivity, 81% for specificity) to identify severe coronary artery stenosis, and was superior to GLS (AUC=0.66, P<0.05) and GWI (AUC=0.70, P<0.05). Conclusions:In NSTE-ACS patients with severe coronary artery stenosis, no obvious regional wall motion abnormalities and preserved LVEF, LV global myocardial function is impaired based on noninvasive pressure-strain loops, GWI, GCW, and GWE are reduced, and GWW is increased, and GWE is a more sensitive index than GLS and GWI to predict severe coronary artery stenosis in NSTE-ACS patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798007

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the cardiac hemodynamics and function before and after balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) treatment in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) using echocardiography, and to discuss the clinical value of the treatment.@*Methods@#A total of 36 CTEPH patients with medium-high risk stratification underwent BPA during the period of September 2016 to January 2019 in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University were recruited. The following conventional echocardiographic parameters including right ventricular basal diameter (RVD), left ventricular basal diameter (LVD), right atrial diameter (RAD), left atrial diameter (LAD), main pulmonary artery diameter (DMPA), left ventricular eccentricity index (LVEI), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) were recorded.Echocardiographic parameters of right ventricular (RV) function including tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), right ventricular fractional area change (RVFAC), tissue Doppler–derived tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity (S′), RV index of myocardial performance (RIMP) and right ventricular free wall longitudinal strain (GLS) were measured. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the threshold value of postoperative SPAP of 50 mmHg (group Ⅰ: SPAP ≤ 50 mmHg, group Ⅱ: SPAP>50 mmHg). Changes between each parameter before and after BPA were analyzed.@*Results@#①The frequency of BPA treatment for CTEPH patients ranged from 1 to 6 times. After BPA treatment, SPAP decreased significantly, and the measurements of RV function including TAPSE, RVFAC, RIMP and GLS improved significantly (all P<0.05). ②Patients in group Ⅰ showed significantly better RV function including TAPSE, RVFAC and GLS compared with group Ⅱ before BPA (P<0.05). ③Univariate logistic regression showed that parameters of preoperative RV function TAPSE, RVFAC and GLS had certain effects on the curative effect of interventional surgery.@*Conclusions@#Echocardiography can evaluate the hemodynamics and RV function in CTEPH patients with BPA.After BPA, pulmonary artery pressure decreases and RV function improves to some extent, suggesting that the treatment of BPA has certain clinical application and popularization value.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791289

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the cardiac hemodynamics and function before and after balloon pulmonary angioplasty ( BPA ) treatment in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension ( CTEPH) using echocardiography ,and to discuss the clinical value of the treatment . Methods A total of 36 CT EPH patients with medium‐high risk stratification underwent BPA during the period of September 2016 to January 2019 in Beijing Chao‐Yang Hospital ,Capital M edical University were recruited . T he following conventional echocardiographic parameters including right ventricular basal diameter ( RVD ) ,left ventricular basal diameter ( LVD) ,right atrial diameter ( RAD) ,left atrial diameter ( LAD) ,main pulmonary artery diameter ( DM PA ) , left ventricular eccentricity index ( LVEI ) , left ventricular ejection fraction ( LVEF) and pulmonary artery systolic pressure ( PASP ) were recorded .Echocardiographic parameters of right ventricular ( RV ) function including tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion ( T APSE ) , right ventricular fractional area change ( RVFAC ) ,tissue Doppler – derived tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity ( S′) ,RV index of myocardial performance ( RIM P ) and right ventricular free wall longitudinal strain ( GLS) were measured . T he patients were divided into 2 groups according to the threshold value of postoperative SPAP of 50 mmHg (group Ⅰ :SPAP ≤ 50 mmHg ,group Ⅱ :SPAP>50 mmHg) . Changes between each parameter before and after BPA were analyzed . Results ① T he frequency of BPA treatment for CT EPH patients ranged from 1 to 6 times . After BPA treatment ,SPAP decreased significantly ,and the measurements of RV function including T APSE ,RVFAC ,RIM P and GLS improved significantly ( all P <0 .05) . ②Patients in group Ⅰ showed significantly better RV function including T APSE ,RVFAC and GLS compared with group Ⅱ before BPA ( P <0 .05) . ③Univariate logistic regression showed that parameters of preoperative RV function T APSE , RVFAC and GLS had certain effects on the curative effect of interventional surgery . Conclusions Echocardiography can evaluate the hemodynamics and RV function in CT EPH patients with BPA .After BPA ,pulmonary artery pressure decreases and RV function improves to some extent ,suggesting that the treatment of BPA has certain clinical application and popularization value .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754845

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the echocardiographic features of patients with aortico‐left ventricular tunnel ( ALV T ) and explore the value of echocardiography in the diagnosis of ALV T . Methods Echocardiographic features of 23 patients with ALV T w ho were admitted to Fuwai Hospital from July 2002 to February 2019 were reviewed and analyzed . T he accuracy of echocardiographic diagnosis of ALVT was investigated by comparing the results of echocardiographic diagnosis with intraoperative and cardiac catheterization and CT . T he diagnosis methodology was summarized . T he reasons for misdiagnosis by echocardiography were analyzed . Results Among the 23 patients with ALVT , 1 case was diagnosed through CT examination prior to the operation and died from the cardiac arrest , 1 case was diagnosed through cardiac catheterization and ventriculography , the remaining 21 patients ( 91 .3% ) received the surgical operation and were diagnosed as ALV T . Eighteen patients ( 78 .2% ) were accurately diagnosed by echocardiography . One case was misdiagnosed as aortic valve insufficiency ,one case was diagnosed as aortic bicuspid valve and regurgitation ,two cases misdiagnosed as aortic valve dysplasia and insufficiency ,and one case was misdiagnosed as aortic dissection . According to Hovaguimian classification : 8 cases ( 34 .8% ) were of type Ⅰ ,12 cases ( 52 .2% ) of type Ⅱ ,1 case ( 4 .3% ) of type Ⅲ ,and 2 cases ( 8 .7% ) of type Ⅳ . Different types of patients are treated with different surgical methods . Conclusions ALV T can be accurately diagnosed with echocardiography , but it needs to be differentiated from other aorta to left ventricular shunt or reflux diseases . The establishment of the optimal diagnosis process is helpful to avoid and reduce the missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis to the greatest extent ,and provides a reliable basis for the selection of surgical methods .

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754827

ABSTRACT

To investigate the association between the change of left ventricular ( LV ) function and mechanical dispersion ( MD ) and exercise capacity in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ( HCM ) by exercise stress echocardiography . Methods Sixty‐five HCM patients [ 40 cases of hypertrophic non‐obstructive cardiomyopathy ( HNCM ) , 25 cases of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy ( HOCM ) ] and 25 control subjects were recruited .LV function ,MD and exercise capacity were evaluated by two‐dimensional speckle‐tracking imaging and echocardiography at rest and during exercise ,and the following parameters of LV function were recorded : LV global longitudinal strain ( LVGLS) ,MD ,early diastolic strain rate ( Sre) ,the ratio of peak early diastolic mitral inflow and annulus velocity ( E/e′) ,LV outflow tract gradient ( LVO TG) ; LV functional reserve was assessed by ΔLVGLS and ΔSRe ; exercise capacity was evaluated by metabolic equivalents ( M ET s ) . T he association between the change of LV function and MD and exercise capacity was investigated . Results ①Compared with normal controls ,LVO TG ,E/e′ and MD increased ,and LVGLS ,Sre , ΔLVGLS , ΔSRe and M ET s decreased in HNCM patients at rest and during exercise ( all P < 0 .05 ) . ② LVO TG , E/e′ and MD were further increased ,LVLGS ,Sre ,ΔSRe and M Ets were further reduced in HOCM patients compared with HNCM patients ( all P < 0 .05 ) . ③LVGLS and MD measured at peak exercise were associated with M ET s ( r =-0 .68 , P < 0 .001 ; r = -0 .43 , P < 0 .001 ) . ④ ROC curve analysis showed LVGLS had a better predictive value for exercise intolerance in HCM patients ,followed by E/e′ and MD . Conclusions LV function and mechanic reserve are reduced but MD is increased in HCM patients ,especially in HOCM patients . Exercise capacity is associated with LV function and MD ,w hich can predict the reduced exercise capacity in HCM patients .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707668

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of hypothyroidism on left ventricular ( LV ) mechanics using two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging ( 2D-STI ) . Methods Forty-two patients with newly diagnosed overt hypothyroidism ( HT ) were prospectively collected as the case group and 47 subjects matching by age ,gender and hypertension history were enrolled as control group . All participants received comprehensive echocardiography examination ,and 2D-STI was used to assess LV global longitudinal strain ( GLS) and mechanical dispersion ( MD ) . The inter-group difference in GLS and MD ,correlations with thyroid hormones and reproducibility were evaluated . Results LV GLS at both sectional ( apical 4- ,3- ,2-chamber views) and global levels were significantly impaired in the HT group than the control group [ ( - 21 .3 ± 3 .2) % vs ( - 23 .9 ± 2 .9) % ,( - 20 .4 ± 3 .8 ) % vs ( - 22 .7 ± 2 .9 ) % ,( - 21 .2 ± 3 .9) % vs ( - 23 .9 ± 2 .5) % ,( - 20 .9 ± 3 .4) % vs ( - 23 .5 ± 2 .3) % ;all P < 0 .01] . Similarly ,MD at both sectional ( apical 4- ,3- ,2-chamber views) and global levels were significantly prolonged in the HT group than the control group[ 3 .4 ms vs 0 .9 ms ,2 .2 ms vs 0 .7 ms ,2 .3 ms vs 1 .7 ms and 12 .2 ms vs ( 5 .9 ± 2 .6) ms ;all P < 0 .01] . No significant correlation was found between MD and GLS ,left ventricular ejection fraction ( LVEF) ( r = 0 .12 , P = 0 .27 ; r = - 0 .17 , P = 0 .10) . Weak correlations were found between MD and FT3 ,FT4 ,TSH( r = - 0 .34 , P = 0 .01 ; r = - 0 .38 , P = 0 .005 ; r = 0 .31 , P = 0 .02) . Conclusions Primary overt HT is associated with impaired LV deformation and increased systolic dyssynchrony . LV MD is a promising parameter for assessment of myocardial impairment in HT .

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707653

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of transesophageal echocardiography(TEE) in allogeneic lung transplantation. Methods The study enrolled 37 patients receiving allogeneic lung transplantation because of end stage lung disease,including sequential bilateral lung transplantation 20 cases and unilateral lung transplantation 17 cases,the latter included 4 cases with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECM O).Echocardiographic parameters before surgery,including right ventricular transverse diameter (RVTD),left ventricular transverse diameter (LVTD),right atrial transverse diameter (RATD), left atrial transverse diameter (LATD),main pulmonary artery (DMPA),left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF),pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (SPAP),and TEE parameters during surgery,including pulmonary artery anastomosis diameters (DRPAand/or DLPA) and blood flow velocity (VRPAand/or VLPA), pulmonary vein anastomosis blood flow velocity (V RPVand/or VLPV),were measured. Results ①Preoperative transthoracic echocardiographic showed a slight increase of right heart in patients with allogeneic lung transplantation,different degrees of increase in SPAP,a normal or slightly increase of D MPA and a normal LVEF,according to the ASE guidelines. ②Compared with pre-operation,the diameters of left and right pulmonary artery decreased ( P < 0.001) and the blood flow velocity of arteries and veins increased ( P <0.001). ③Patients with ECMO support had a higher SPAP before operation ( P <0.05) and a lower LVEF ( P <0.05),but within a normal range.The blood flow velocity of pulmonary artery and vein had no difference between two groups ( P > 0.05). Conclusions During allogeneic lung transplantation,TEE plays an important role in the monitor of pulmonary arteriovenous anastomosis. It could remind the surgeon whether anastomosis is narrow timely,and determine the patient′s hemodynamic status and cardiac load to guide the surgical process.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707641

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical and echocardiographic parameters in left heart failure patients with or without pulmonary edema by cardiopulmonary ultrasound.Methods All patients underwent transthoracic lung ultrasonography and echocardiography examination.The following echocardiographic parameters were determined:left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters (LVEDD and LVESD),left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes (LVEDV and LVESV),left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF),left atrial volume index (LAVindex),systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) and the degree of mitral regurgitation,the peak Doppler velocities of early (E) and late (A) diastolic flow,early (e') diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus,and the average E/e'ratio was calculated.The NYHA functional classification and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were also recorded.Results A total of 113 heart failure patients,included 72 patients (63.7%) combined with pulmonary edema revealed by lung ultrasonography.Compared with patients without pulmonary edema,those with pulmonary edema were with higher plasma concentrations of NT-proBNP,NYHA functional class,left ventricular diastolic function classification,SPAP and E/e',larger LVEDD and the diameter of right ventricle,more severe mitral regurgitation,and lower LVEF(all P <0.05).By multivariate logistic regression analysis,E/e',SPAP and NT-proBNP were independent echocardiographic predictors of pulmonary edema in patients with heart failure.Conclusions Cardiopulmonary ultrasound can evaluate heart and pulmonary condition in patients with heart failure.Left ventricular diastolic function is an important determinant of pulmonary edema in patients with left heart failure.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706304

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of left ventricular systolic and diastolic function before left ventricular morphologic changes in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients.Methods A total of 111 OSAS patients were divided into left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) group (n=29) and non-LVH group (n=82).Meanwhile,50 healthy subjects were enrolled as normal control group.Routine echocardiography and two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI) were performed.The differences of conventional echocardiography and 2D-STI parameters were compared among the three groups.The correlations between echocardiography and clinical parameters were analyzed.Results Compared with those of the other 2 groups,left ventricular mass index (LVMI),diastolic thickness of interventricular septum (IVST),diastolic ventricular posterior wall thickness (PWT),left ventricular internal diastolic dimension (LVIDd),the ratio between early diastolic peak velocity of mitral valve and early diastolic velocity of mitral annular (E/e') and left atrial volume index (LAVI) increased (all P<0.05),and mitral annular early diastolic velocity (e') at interventricular septum and lateral wall decreased in LVH group (all P<0.05).The mitral annular systolic velocity (s') in LVH group was less than that in normal control group (P =0.013).Compared with those of the other 2 groups,left ventricular global longitudinal systolic strain (S) and early diastolic strain rate (SRE) decreased (all P<0.05),and the ratio of early diastolic peak velocity of mitral valve to SRE (E/SRE) increased in LVH group (both P<0.05).Compared with normal control group,systolic strain rate (SRS) decreased in LVH group (P=0.001).S,SRS,SRE in non-LVH group were less than those in normal control group (all P<0.05),and E/SRE was higher than that in normal control group (P<0.001).S,E/SRE were independently associated with apnea hypopnea index (both P<0.05).LVMI was independently associated with mean arterial oxygen saturation (β =-0.299,t =-3.273,P =0.001).Conclusion OSAS can affect the structure and functions of left ventricular independently.The systolic and diastolic functions of left ventricular have been impaired before morphology changed.

12.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1089-1094, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734226

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate right ventricular ( RV ) function in male rats with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) induced by Monocrotaline (MCT) and discuss the effect of 17β-estradiol (E2) on RV function in PAH rats . Methods Thirty-two male SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups( n =8) :MCT group ,MCT+E2 group ,MCT+Veh group and control group . MCT group ,MCT +E2 group and MCT+Veh group were given monocrotaline through intraperitoneal injection . MCT + E2 group and MCT+Veh group were also treated with E2 and placebo at the same time respectively . Echocardiography was performed four weeks later after MCT injection . Right heart catheterization was performed after echocardiography . Echocardiography right ventricular function parameters included:tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) ,RV index of myocardial performance (RIMP) ,right ventricular fractional area change ( RVFAC) ,tissue Doppler-derived tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity ( s′) and right ventricular free wall longitudinal strain ( RVLSFW ) . Results Compared with control group ,TAPSE ,RVFAC and RVLSFW decreased ,and RIMP increased in MCT group ,( P <0 .001 , P <0 .001 , P <0 .001 , P =0 .001 , P <0 .001 ,respectively) . TAPSE ,RVFAC and RVLSFW in MCT+ E2 group were higher and RIMP was lower than those in MCT group ( P < 0 .001 , P = 0 .001 , P = 0 .001 , P = 0 .002 , P = 0 .002 , respectively) . The parameters regarding RV function were slightly lower in MCT + E2 group ,compared with control group . However , these differences had no obvious statistical significance ( P > 0 .05 ) . Moreover ,Pearson correlation analysis showed that the serum E2 level was positively correlated with TAPSE ,RVFAC ,s′and RVLSFW ( r =0 .845 , P <0 .001 ;r =0 .859 , P <0 .001 ;r =0 .802 , P =0 .006 , respectively) ,and negatively correlated with RIPM ( r = -0 .803 , P <0 .001) . Conclusions RV function in male PAH rats induced by MCT decreased significantly ,while E2 could improve RV function in PAH rats and has a protective effect on RV function . Echocardiography could contribute to the quantitative evaluation of RV function in PAH rats induced by MCT .

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806976

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate and compare cardiac structure and function pre- and post-percutaneous interventional treatment of pulmonary hypertension (PH) using echocardiography.@*Methods@#Eight female patients received percutaneous interventional treatment in our hospital were enrolled. All of them were suffered moderate to severe PH. Echocardiographic parameters included: right ventricular diameter (RVD), left ventricular diameter (LVD), right atrial diameter (RAD), left atrial diameter (LAD), main pulmonary arterial diameter (DMPA), left ventricular eccentric index (EI), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), right ventricular fractional area change (RVFAC), tissue Doppler-derived tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity (s′), right ventricular index of myocardial performance (RIMP) and right ventricular free wall longitudinal strain (RVLSFW). The median time for follow-up after interventional treatment was 98 d.@*Results@#①In our study, 8 patients had no significant serious complications, and only one patient had mild intimal avulsion during stenting. ②RVSP and RVD/LVD increased significantly before intervention in patients with PH (P<0.05). After interventional treatment, RVSP (P<0.01) and RVD/LVD decreased significantly (P<0.05). ③The result of follow-up showed that RVFAC, RIMP, s′and RVLSFW improved significantly(P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Echocardiography could evaluate the recent effect of interventional treatment and illustrates that the interventional treatment for pulmonary artery stenosis is effective and safe.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514010

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the ability of high resolution pleuropulmonary ultrasonography and bedside chest X-ray in identifying different pathologic abnormalities in patients with dyspnea,using thoracic computed tomography (CT) as a gold standard.Methods Bedside pleuropulmonary ultrasonography was performed in 350 dyspneic patients in the emergency department and ICU,111 patients were enrolled in the study with pleuropulmonary ultrasonography,chest X-ray and chest CT examination performed within 24 hours.Pathologic entities were evaluated:pleural effusion,consolidation,atelectasis,pneumothorax,pulmonary interstitial fibrosis,and pulmonary edema.The sensitivity,specificity,negative and positive prediction value of pleuropulmonary ultrasonography and chest X-ray were compared with the corresponding CT scan results.Results Pleuropulmonary ultrasonography was highly concordant with chest X-ray.Overall ultrasonography exhibited higher sensitivity than chest X-ray and CT for pleural effusion.For atelectasis and pulmonary edema,the sensitivity of ultrasonography was up to 100%.In the diagnosis of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis,the sensitivity of pleuropulmonary ultrasonography was higher than that of chest X-ray,but the specificity was slightly lower.The sensitivity of pleuropulmonary ultrasonography was slightly higher than that of chest X-ray in pneumothorax,and the specificity was coincident with chest X-ray.Although the sensitivity of ultrasonography was slightly lower for consolidation,it was still higher than chest X-ray.The ability of chest X-ray for differentiating pleural effusion from atelectasis or consolidation was worse than that of ultrasonography.Conclusions Our study demonstrates a high concordance between ultrasonography with radiography.The diagnostic performance of bedside pleuropulmonary ultrasonography is better than that of chest X-ray.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505751

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Objective To explore the clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma (PPM).Methods Cases of PPM with description of echocardiographic presentations from China mainland were searched from database during 1981 to 2015.Data about the clinical and echocardiographic features of the patients were collected.Results A total of 122 patients were included for analysis.It involved mainly middle-aged [(39.9 ± 14.7)years] and male patients (79,64.8%).The most common echocardiographic demonstration was pericardial effusion (74.6%) with were mostly bloody (97.7%),followed by pericardial masses (36.9%) and pericardial thickening (18.0%).The echocardiographic diagnostic accordance rate was about 26.2%.Conclusions The most common presentation of PPM on echocardiogram is massive pericardial effusion.Echocardiography is of great value in screening and assessment of PPM.The definitive diagnosis is made by histopathological examination.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666005

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Objective To investigate the early changes of left atrial structure and function using echocardiography in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome( OSAS) patients with and without left ventricular hypertrophy(LVH) . Methods Echocardiography was performed in 91 OSAS patients (64 without LVH , 27 with LVH) ,and the results were compared with those from age-matched and gender-matched controls ( n=40) . All subjects were examined with two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography ( 2D-STE) to obtain the apical four chamber and two chamber left atrium(LA) strain and strain rate curve image .Systolic strain and strain rate( Ss ,SRs) ,early diastolic strain and strain rate( Se ,SRe) ,late diastolic strain and strain rate(Sa ,SRa) were measured . Phasic LA volumes and empty fractions were calculated . The ratio of peak early diastolic mitral inflow and annulus velocity ( E/e′) was used to estimate left ventricular diastolic function . Results Compared with the control group ,LA volume ,LA stiffness index ,SRa and active empyting fraction ( AEF) increased ,Ss ,SRs ,Se ,SRe ,total empyting fraction ( TEF) and passive empyting fraction ( PEF) decreased in none LVH group ( P < 0 .05) . Importantly ,diastolic function was relatively normal in this subgroup without LVH( P > 0 .05) . Diastolic function decreased in LVH group ,and the changes of left atrial structure and function like above mentioned were more significant .The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was found to be negatively correlated with Ss ,SRs ,Se ,SRe ,TEF and PEF . Conclusions OSAS is associated with LA remodeling and dysfunction that occurs before the development of LVH and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction ,and it will be further aggravated along with the development of LVH .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663450

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the right atrial(RA)volume and phasic function using three-dimensional echocardiography(3DE),and to examine the clinical relevance in pulmonary hypertension(PH). Methods Fifty PH patients and 20 control subjects were studied.RA volume,including maximum RA volume(Vmax),minimum RA volume(Vmin)and the volume before active systolic(Vpre-A)were evaluated by 3DE.RA maximum volume index(VmaxI),total emptying volume index(TotEVI),passive emptying volume index(PassEVI)and active ejection fraction(ActEF)were calculated.The correlation between RAVmaxI and the parameters of RV structure,function,pulmonary hemodynamics were analyzed.Results Maximum RA volume index(RAVmaxI)was higher in WHO functional class(WHO-FC)Ⅲ,Ⅳ of PH patients than in controls(all P <0.01).TotEVI was significantly higher in PH patients than in controls (P<0.001),but PassEVI was lower in PH patients than in controls(P =0.01 1).ActEF was similar when comparing PH patients of WHO-FC Ⅱ with controls.ActEF increased in PH patients with WHO-FCⅢ as compared with controls(P =0.008)but reduced in advanced with WHO-FC Ⅳ patients(P <0.001).RAVmaxI correlated with the indices of right ventricular(RV)structure,function and RV cardiac output index(all P <0.05).Conclusions PH is associated with increased RA size,increased TotEVI,and decreased PassEVI.ActEF increases in PH patients with WHO-FC Ⅲ but decreases in patients with WHO-FCⅣ.RA systolic function plays an important role in compensating RV dysfunction.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615195

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of cardiopulmonary ultrasound(CPUS) in patients with interstitial lung diseases(ILD).Methods Ninety patients with clinically diagnosed interstitial lung diseases and 30 healthy subjects were included in this study.The conventional echocardiographic parameters and right ventricular free wall longitudinal strain (RVLS_FW) were measured in all patients and healthy subjects.The degree of pulmonary fibrosis or the disease severity of each ILD patient was scored using a semi-quantitative scoring method.Patients’ pulmonary function parameters and clinical outcome score (GAP score) were recorded.Fourteen patients belong to other types of ILD and 19 patients with incomplete clinical data were unable to perform GAP scoring,finally 57 patients' clinical and ultrasonographic parameters were measured.On the basis of the pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP) obtained by Doppler echocardiography,90 patients were divided into two groups:ILD patients with pulmonary hypertension(ILDpH,PASP ≥36 mmHg,1 mmHg =0.133 kPa) and ILD patients without PH (ILDNpH,PASP< 36 mmHg).Comparsion between ILDpH,ILDNpH and healthy subjects were then evaluated.According to the GAP score,all cases were divided into three groups:low risk,moderate risk and high risk.Statistical analysis was performed to examine the relationship between CPUS parameters and clinical parameters.Results ①Compared with ILDNpH patients,ILDpH patients had significantly lower right ventricular function,wider basal right ventricular diameter (RVD),proximal right ventricular outflow diameter (DRvor1) and right pulmonary artery diameter (DRPA).Compared with healthy subjects,ILDNpH patients had mildly lower right ventricular function and wider left pulmonary artery diameter (DLPA) and right ventricular outflow tract dimensions at the distal or pulmonic valve (DRvoT2).②A good correlation was found between lung ultrasound (LUS) scores and pulmonary function parameters,especially diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide of the lung(DLco)(r =-0.68,P <0.001).③With the increased risk of patients,the right ventricular function was gradually decreased,DRVOT2,DRPA,DLPA were gradually widened,and the lung ultrasound score was gradually increased.A weak correlation was found between GAP scores with RVLS_FW,LUS scores,DRpA(r =0.44,0.34,0.31,P <0.05).Conclusions CPUS parameters are useful in the assessment of interstitial lung disease and could reflect the prognosis of ILD patients to some extent.Therefore,on the basis of GAP scores,addition of RVLS_FW and LUS score will be more helpful to evaluate the prognosis ofILD patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611531

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the right atrial(RA) function using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography(2D-STE) and the value of predicting WHO functional class in patients with pulmonary hypertension(PH).Methods Fifty-four consecutive PH patients were studied and compared with a control group of 24 healthy volunteers.RA function was evaluated by 2D-STE,and the following parameters were recorded:an average longitudinal strain (LS) curve that included LSpos during RA filling and LSneg representing RA active contraction (their summation is LStot),the phasic RA volumes,total RA emptying fraction (TotEF),RA passive(PassEF) and active emptying fraction(ActEF).The associations between these indices and the results of invasive pulmonary hemodynamics,cardiac structure and function level were evaluated.Results LStot,TotEF,LSpos,PassEF were significantly lower in PH patients than in controls(all P<0.01).ActEF/TotEF were significantly higher in WHO functional class (WHO-FC) Ⅱ and WHO-FC Ⅲ patients than in controls(all P<0.05),while were lower in WHO-FCIV patients than in controls(P<0.001).Among PH patients,LStot was negatively correlated with greater RA size and RA pressure (all P<0.01).LStot was also associated with right ventricular (RV) functional and overload parameters.In receiver-operator characteristic analysis,RA LStot was of optimal accuracy for prediction of WHO-FC≥Ⅲ in PH patients (P=0.002).Conclusions PH is associated with impaired reservoir and conduit function,but active contract function of RA is enhanced in WHO-FC Ⅱ and WHO-FC Ⅲ patients,and reduced in WHO-FCIV patients.RA LStot confers an optimal predictive effect of poor WHO-FC in PH patients and indicating prognosis.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609542

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influencing factors for left atrial appendage (LAA) spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) or thrombosis in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation(NVAF) and normal left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF).Methods This study prospectively enrolled 255 patients with NVAF [paroxysmal atrial fibrillation(PaAF) 196 cases and persistent atrial fibrillation(PeAF) 59 cases].Patients were divided into two groups according to the findings on transesophageal echocardiography (TEE):positive group with the presence of the LAA SEC or thrombosis (group Ⅰ) and negative group (group Ⅱ) without this two presences.The clinical and echocardiographic data were compared between the two groups.The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the independent risk factors for development of LAA SEC or thrombosis.Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was performed to determine the predictive value of the factors.Results A total of 255 patients were enrolled.There were 26 cases(10.2%) in group Ⅰ,and 229 cases (89.8%) in group Ⅱ.The age,NT-proBNP,occurrence rate of PeAF,left atrial volume index(LAVI),and LAA orifice long diameter and depth were higher in group Ⅰ than those in group Ⅱ (all P <0.01).The left atrial appendage emptying velocity(LAAV),global left atrial longitudinal strain(GLALS) and LVEF were lower in group Ⅰ compared with those in group Ⅱ (all P < 0.01).Multivariate logistic regression analysis and ROC curve showed that GLALS<12.2% and LAAV< 31.2 cm/s were independent risk factors of LAA SEC or thrombosis in patients with NVAF and perserved LVEF.Conclusions The impairment of left atrial and LAA function are potential risk factors for cardiogenic embolism.GLALS and LAAV can be used as useful referenced parameters for prediction of stroke in patients with NVAF.

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