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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The phenotype and genetics of three patients with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) at childhood, teenage and advanced age were analyzed.@*METHODS@#Next generation sequencing (NGS) was applied to all the probands. PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to verify the suspicious gene variants screened by NGS in the probands and their family members, and one of the family got prenatal diagnosis.@*RESULTS@#Through NGS, PCR and Sanger sequencing, the 5-yr proband in pedigree 1 was shown to carry compound heterozygous variants of c.5935G>A(p.G1979R) and c.5428G>T(p.E1810X) of PKHD1, originated from his parents; In pedigree 2, the 17-ys proband was detected with c.5512T>C(p.Y1838H) and c.5935G>A(p.G1979R) variants of PKHD1 orginated from her parents, and her mother also got prenatal diagnosis during the second trimester; In pedigree 3, the 70-ys female proband was found with variants c.11314C>T (p.R3772X) and c.3860T>G (p.V1287G) of PKHD1.@*CONCLUSION@#The three pedigrees were diagnosed as ARPKD caused by PKHD1 variants. Five types of variants were detected, c.5935G>A and c.11314C>T were the known pathogenic variants, while c.5512T>C, c.5428G>T and c.3860T>G were not reported previously. Considering the complexity of the genetics and phenotypes of the cystic renal diseases, genetic diagnosis is crucial to give accurate etiological diagnosis, which may benefit the clinic management.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Aged , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Mutation , Phenotype , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Genetics , Pregnancy , Receptors, Cell Surface , Genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776805

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology for a pedigree affected with progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC).@*METHODS@#Target sequence capture and next generation sequencing (NGS) were applied for the proband. PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to verify the suspected mutation in his sister with similar symptoms and his parents.@*RESULTS@#The proband and his sister manifested after birth with symptoms including jaundice, pruritus and developmental retardation. NGS has identified compound heterozygous mutations of ABCB11 gene, which encodes bile salt export pump protein (BSEP), namely c.2494C>T (p.Arg832Cys) and c.3223C>T (p.Gln1075*), in the proband, which were inherited from his father and mother respectively. His sister carried the same compound mutations.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on the phenotype and genetic testing, the patients were diagnosed as PFIC2 caused by mutation of the ABCB11 gene. The c.3223C>T is a novel nonsense mutation which may cause premature termination of translation. Above results have enriched the spectrum of ABCB11 mutations and provided new evidence for the molecular basis of PFIC, which also facilitated genetic counseling for this pedigree.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 11 , Genetics , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Genetics , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Male , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776750

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing for a family with two pregnancies affected with hydrops fetalis and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) of the fetus.@*METHODS@#DNA was extracted from fetal tissue as well as peripheral blood samples from the couple. Single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) were carried out to screen potential mutation. Suspected mutation was validated with PCR and Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The manifestation of fetal echocardiography was consistent with DCM. No obvious abnormality was found by SNP array analysis. A hemizygous c.481G>A (p.G161R) mutation of the TAZ gene was detected in the male fetus by NGS and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The mutation was inherited from his mother.@*CONCLUSION@#Barth syndrome due to the c.481G>A mutation of the TAZ gene probably underlies the recurrent hydrops fetalis and fetal DCM in this family.


Subject(s)
Barth Syndrome , Genetics , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Genetics , Echocardiography , Female , Genetic Testing , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Hydrops Fetalis , Genetics , Male , Mutation , Pregnancy , Transcription Factors , Genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775791

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical features and genetic diagnosis of two cases with rare diseases and X chromosome abnormalities.@*METHODS@#Multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and karyotype analysis were carried out on an 8-year-old girl who was diagnosed with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Karyotype analysis and PCR assay for SRY and AZF genes were carried out for a-2-month-old male infant with short penis.@*RESULTS@#The girl, who featured short stature and cubitus valgus, was diagnosed as Turner syndrome with a karyotype of 46,X,i(Xq). The male infant was detected with a karyotype of 45,X, with presence of SRY gene but absence of AZF gene.@*CONCLUSION@#Both cases may be associated with abnormalities of X chromosome. Genetic testing can facilitate early diagnosis and clinical intervention for such patients.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, X , Humans , Infant , Karyotyping , Male , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Genetics , Rare Diseases , Turner Syndrome , Genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799965

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The phenotype and genetics of three patients with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) at childhood, teenage and advanced age were analyzed.@*Methods@#Next generation sequencing (NGS) was applied to all the probands. PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to verify the suspicious gene variants screened by NGS in the probands and their family members, and one of the family got prenatal diagnosis.@*Results@#Through NGS, PCR and Sanger sequencing, the 5-yr proband in pedigree 1 was shown to carry compound heterozygous variants of c. 5935G>A(p.G1979R) and c. 5428G>T(p.E1810X) of PKHD1, originated from his parents; In pedigree 2, the 17-ys proband was detected with c. 5512T>C(p.Y1838H) and c. 5935G>A(p.G1979R) variants of PKHD1 orginated from her parents, and her mother also got prenatal diagnosis during the second trimester; In pedigree 3, the 70-ys female proband was found with variants c. 11314C>T (p.R3772X) and c. 3860T>G (p.V1287G) of PKHD1.@*Conclusion@#The three pedigrees were diagnosed as ARPKD caused by PKHD1 variants. Five types of variants were detected, c. 5935G>A and c. 11314C>T were the known pathogenic variants, while c. 5512T>C, c. 5428G>T and c. 3860T>G were not reported previously. Considering the complexity of the genetics and phenotypes of the cystic renal diseases, genetic diagnosis is crucial to give accurate etiological diagnosis, which may benefit the clinic management.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796474

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To carry out genetic testing for a family with two pregnancies affected with hydrops fetalis and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) of the fetus.@*Methods@#DNA was extracted from fetal tissue as well as peripheral blood samples from the couple. Single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) were carried out to screen potential mutation. Suspected mutation was validated with PCR and Sanger sequencing.@*Results@#The manifestation of fetal echocardiography was consistent with DCM. No obvious abnormality was found by SNP array analysis. A hemizygous c. 481G>A (p.G161R) mutation of the TAZ gene was detected in the male fetus by NGS and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The mutation was inherited from his mother.@*Conclusion@#Barth syndrome due to the c. 481G>A mutation of the TAZ gene probably underlies the recurrent hydrops fetalis and fetal DCM in this family.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344112

ABSTRACT

Non-immune factors are the most common cause of hydrops fetalis, which may manifest as abnormal accumulation of fluid in the body cavities. Hydrops fetalis is a complex condition with a high mortality rate. The prognosis is depending on the underlying disease and is particularly poor in those with chromosomal aberrations or monogenic disorders. In this paper, advance in the research on non-immune hydrops fetalis is reviewed.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617958

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of prenatal diagnosis in identifying the etiology and predicting the prognosis of fetal pleural effusion (FPE).Methods Forty-two cases of FPE were recruited in this study from January 2012 to September 2016.Ultrasound scan and genetic tests were performed on all fetuses.Seven fetuses with severe FPE were given pleurocentesis.Pregnancy outcomes of all the fetuses were followed up.Results FPE was commonly accompanied with other abnormalities,such as ascites,hydrops,hydramnion,hygroma colli,abnormal posturing,joint contractures,arrhythmia and micromandible.Chromosomal abnormality was detected in 11 fetuses (26.2%),of which ten were further confirmed by karyotype analysis,including six with 45,X,three trisomy 21 and one trisomy 18,and one was detected with a 9.83 Mb uniparental disomy (UPD) located at 12q24.21q24.31 by gene chip.One fetus was diagnosed with--SEA/--SEA thalassemia.All of the 12 families decided to terminate the pregnancies after genetic counseling.Among the other 30 fetuses,seven with severe FPE and normal karyotype underwent pleurocentesis.Five of the seven cases were with favorable outcomes,one with progressive hydrops was aborted and one neonate with severe hydrops died after birth.Spontaneous regression of FPE with good outcome was found in two cases.Parents of the other 21 fetuses chose to terminate the pregnancies.Conclusions Prenatal diagnosis is important to identify the etiology and predict the outcome of FPE.Chromosomal abnormality is a relatively common cause of FPE,and 45,X and trisomy 21 are the most common abnormalities.Intrauterine intervention is beneficial for FPE without chromosomal or other definite genetic abnormalities.Genetic test may be of great value for pregnant counseling.

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