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Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 462-470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936033


Objective: To investigate the role and mechanism of Vγ4 T cells in impaired wound healing of rapamycin-induced full-thickness skin defects in mice. Methods: The experimental research methods were applied. Eighty-six C57BL/6J male mice (hereinafter briefly referred to as wild-type mice) aged 8-12 weeks were selected for the following experiments. Vγ4 T cells were isolated from axillary lymph nodes of five wild-type mice for the following experiments. Intraperitoneal injection of rapamycin for 42 mice was performed to establish rapamycin-treated mice model for the following experiments. Eighteen wild-type mice were divided into normal control group without any treatment, trauma only group, and trauma+CC chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20) inhibitor group according to the random number table (the same grouping method below), with 6 mice in each group. The full-thickness skin defect wound was made on the back of mice in the latter two groups (the same wound model below), and mice in trauma+CCL20 inhibitor group were continuously injected subcutaneously with CCL20 inhibitor at the wound edge for 3 days after injury. Another 6 rapamycin-treated mice were used to establish wound model as rapamycin+trauma group. On post injury day (PID) 3, the epidermal cells of the skin tissue around the wound of each trauma mice were extracted by enzyme digestion, and the percentage of Vγ4 T cells in the epidermal cells was detected by flow cytometry. In normal control group, the epidermal cells of the normal skin tissue in the back of mice were taken at the appropriate time point for detection as above. Five wild-type mice were used to establish wound models. On PID 3, the epidermal cells were extracted from the skin tissue around the wound. The cell populations were divided into Vγ4 T cells, Vγ3 T cells, and γδ negative cells by fluorescence-activated cell sorter, which were set as Vγ4 T cell group, Vγ3 T cell group, and γδ negative cell group (with cells in each group being mixed with B16 mouse melanoma cells), respectively. B16 mouse melanoma cells were used as melanoma cell control group. The expression of interleukin-22 (IL-22) mRNA in cells of each group was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), with the number of samples being 6. Thirty rapamycin-treated mice were used to establish wound models, which were divided into Vγ4 T cell only group and Vγ4 T cell+IL-22 inhibitor group performed with corresponding injections and rapamycin control group injected with phosphate buffer solution (PBS) immediately after injury, with 10 mice in each group. Another 10 wild-type mice were taken to establish wound models and injected with PBS as wild-type control group. Mice in each group were injected continuously for 6 days. The percentage of wound area of mice in the four groups was calculated on PID 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 after injection on the same day. Six wild-type mice and 6 rapamycin-treated mice were taken respectively to establish wound models as wild-type group and rapamycin group. On PID 3, the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-22 and CCL20 in the peri-wound epidermis tissue of mice in the two groups were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. The Vγ4 T cells were divided into normal control group without any treatment and rapamycin-treated rapamycin group. After being cultured for 24 hours, the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-22 of cells in the two groups were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively, with the number of samples being 6. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, Bonferroni method, Kruskal-Wallis H test, and Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results: The percentage of Vγ4 T cells in the epidermal cells of the skin tissue around the wound of mice in trauma only group on PID 3 was 0.66% (0.52%, 0.81%), which was significantly higher than 0.09% (0.04%, 0.14%) in the epidermal cells of the normal skin tissue of mice in normal control group (Z=4.31, P<0.01). The percentages of Vγ4 T cells in the epidermal cells of the skin tissue around the wound of mice in rapamycin+trauma group and trauma+CCL20 inhibitor group on PID 3 were 0.25% (0.16%, 0.37%) and 0.24% (0.17%, 0.35%), respectively, which were significantly lower than that in trauma only group (with Z values of 2.27 and 2.25, respectively, P<0.05). The mRNA expression level of IL-22 of cells in Vγ4 T cell group was significantly higher than that in Vγ3 T cell group, γδ negative cell group, and melanoma cell control group (with Z values of 2.96, 2.45, and 3.41, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with that in wild-type control group, the percentage of wound area of mice in rapamycin control group increased significantly on PID 1-6 (P<0.01), the percentage of wound area of mice in Vγ4 T cell+IL-22 inhibitor group increased significantly on PID 1 and PID 3-6 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with that in rapamycin control group, the percentage of wound area of mice in Vγ4 T cell only group decreased significantly on PID 1-6 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with that in Vγ4 T cell only group, the percentage of wound area of mice in Vγ4 T cell+IL-22 inhibitor group increased significantly on PID 3-6 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). On PID 3, compared with those in wild-type group, the expression levels of IL-22 protein and mRNA (with t values of -7.82 and -5.04, respectively, P<0.01) and CCL20 protein and mRNA (with t values of -7.12 and -5.73, respectively, P<0.01) were decreased significantly in the peri-wound epidermis tissue of mice in rapamycin group. After being cultured for 24 hours, the expression levels of IL-22 protein and mRNA in Vγ4 T cells in rapamycin group were significantly lower than those in normal control group (with t values of -7.75 and -6.04, respectively, P<0.01). Conclusions: In mice with full-thickness skin defects, rapamycin may impair the CCL20 chemotactic system by inhibiting the expression of CCL20, leading to a decrease in the recruitment of Vγ4 T cells to the epidermis, and at the same time inhibit the secretion of IL-22 by Vγ4 T cells, thereby slowing the wound healing rate.

Animals , Male , Melanoma , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Messenger , Sirolimus/pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes , Wound Healing
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3595-3607, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922427


Traditional chemotherapy exhibits a certain therapeutic effect toward malignant cancer, but easily induce tumor multidrug resistance (MDR), thereby resulting in the progress of tumor recurrence or metastasis. In this work, we deigned ternary hybrid nanodrugs (PEI/DOX@CXB-NPs) to simultaneously combat against tumor MDR and metastasis.

Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 383-389, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842447


The first-line treatment options for high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) are definitive external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) with or without androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and radical prostatectomy (RP) with or without adjuvant therapies. However, few randomized trials have compared the survival outcomes of these two treatments. To systematically evaluate the survival outcomes of high-risk PCa patients treated with EBRT-or RP-based therapy, a comprehensive and up-to-date meta-analysis was performed. A systematic online search was conducted for randomized or observational studies that investigated biochemical relapse-free survival (bRFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and/or overall survival (OS), in relation to the use of RP or EBRT in patients with high-risk PCa. The summary hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated under the random effects models. We identified heterogeneity between studies using Q tests and measured it using I2 statistics. We evaluated publication bias using funnel plots and Egger's regression asymmetry tests. Seventeen studies (including one randomized controlled trial [RCT]) of low risk of bias were selected and up to 9504 patients were pooled. When comparing EBRT-based treatment with RP-based treatment, the pooled HRs for bRFS, CSS, and OS were 0.40 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.24-0.67), 1.36 (95% CI: 0.94-1.97), and 1.39 (95% CI: 1.18-1.62), respectively. Better OS for RP-based treatment and better bRFS for EBRT-based treatment have been identified, and there was no significant difference in CSS between the two treatments. RP-based treatment is recommended for high-risk PCa patients who value long-term survival, and EBRT-based treatment might be a promising alternative for elderly patients.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706343


Objective To investigate the diagnostic value and the impact on treatment decision of 18F-FDG PET/CT in differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients with elevated serum thyroglobulin (Tg) levels and negative radioiodine 131I post-therapy whole body scan (131I-RxWBS).Methods Totally 72 patients with DTC who had elevated serum Tg levels and negative 131I-RxWBS were enrolled,and 18F-FDG PET/CT was performed.The imaging results of 18F-FDG PET/CT were compared with the clinical results of surgical pathology or 6 to 36 months follow up.The diagnostic efficacy of 18F-FDG PET/CT in detection of recurrence and/or metastasis of DTC with elevated Tg levels and negative 131I-RxWBS was evaluated.Results The accuracy,sensitivity,specificity,positive prediction value and negative prediction value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in diagnosis of DTC with elevated Tg levels and negative 131I-RxWBS was 83.33% (60/72),89.47% (34/38),76.47% (26/34),80.95% (34/42) and 86.67% (26/30),respectively.18F-FDG PET/CT changed the treatment strategies of 35 patients (35/72,48.61 %) among 72 patients,while recurrence or metastasis of DTC was not found during clinical follow-up in 23 of these 35 patients (23/35,65.71%) who underwent reoperation,but was detected in the other 12 patients (12/35,34.29%).Conclusion 18F-FDG PET/CT is a valuable method for detection of recurrence and/or metastasis of DTC with elevated Tg levels and negative 131I-RxWBS,also for guiding the follow-up treatment strategy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704383


Objective To compare the femur tibia angle(FTA) and tibia tubercle to trochlear groove (TT-TG) measured on the magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) between patients with anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) rupture and healthy controls with intact ACL,and to observe the change of the tibia-femur rotation and explore its relationship with the patellofemoral cartilage injury.Methods Fifty patients with ACL ruptures were divided into an experimental group,while another 50 healthy counterparts were chosen into a control group.All subjects were given MRI to get FTA and TT-TG.For the experimental group,all parameters were measured before and after ACL reconstruction.The results were analyzed by variance analysis and t test.Results MRI measurements showed that the average FTA in the experimental group was 6.5° ± 6.1° and 6.0° ± 5.6° before and after the ACL reconstruction,significantly higher than that in the control group,which was 3.6° ± 4.9° (P=0.0003 and P=0.033,respectively).No significant differences were found in the average TT-TG of the experimental group,6.4 ± 3.3 mm before ACL reconstruction and 6.9 mm ± 4.0 mm after ACL reconstruction,and that of the control group,6.3 ± 3.6 mm(P=0.678).Moreover,all patients in the experimental group underwent a second check under the arthroscopy,which revealed that the patellofemoral cartilage injury was aggravat ed in 26 patients measured by the Outerbridge grading.However,there was no significant difference in FTA and TT-TG between patients with and without aggravated patellofemoral cartilage degeneration.Conclusions After ACL reconstruction,the external rotation angle of the knee could not completely recover to the normal level with the knee extension at 0°.Patellofemoral cartilage degeneration after the ACL reconstruction is caused by many factors.The results of the second arthroscopy after the ACL reconstruction find no relationship between patellofemoral cartilage degeneration and the increased tibia external rotation angle relative to the femur.Moreover,after the ACL reconstruction,if the femur tibia angle is bigger than the range of motion of the knee,it cannot be concluded that the anterior cruciate ligament is reruptured.

Clinics ; 72(4): 197-201, Apr. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840065


OBJECTIVES: Esophageal leiomyoma is the most common benign tumor of the esophagus, and it originates from mesenchymal tissue. This study analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics of esophageal leiomyoma and aimed to evaluate the role of endoscopic ultrasonography in the diagnosis and treatment selection for these lesions. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-five patients who had suspected esophageal leiomyomas in endoscopic ultrasonography were enrolled at the Endoscopy Center of The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University from January 1st, 2009 to May 31th, 2015. The main outcomes included the demographic and morphological characteristics, symptoms, comparisons of diagnosis and treatment methods, adverse events, and prognosis. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-seven patients were diagnosed as having an esophageal leiomyoma by pathological examination. The mean patient age was 50.57±9.983 years. In total, 62.9% of the lesions originated from the muscularis mucosa, and the others originated from the muscularis propria. The median distance to the incisors was 30±12 cm. The median diameter was 0.72±0.99 cm. As determined by endoscopic ultrasonography, most existing leiomyomas were homogeneous, endophytic, and spherical. The leiomyomas from the muscularis mucosa were smaller than those from the muscularis propria and much closer to the incisors (p<0.05). SMA (smooth muscle antibody) (97.2%) and desmin (94.5%) were positive in the majority of patients. In terms of treatments, patients preferred endoscopic therapies, which led to less adverse events (e.g., intraoperative bleeding, local infection, pleural effusion) than surgical operations (p<0.05). The superficial leiomyomas presented less adverse events and better recovery (p<0.05) than deep leiomyomas. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic ultrasonography has demonstrated high accuracy in the diagnosis of esophageal leiomyomas and provides great support in selecting treatments; however, EUS cannot completely avoid misdiagnosis, so combining it with other examinations may be a good strategy to solve this problem.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Endosonography/methods , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Leiomyoma/diagnostic imaging , Mesenchymoma/diagnostic imaging , Data Accuracy , Desmin/metabolism , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/methods , Endosonography/standards , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/therapy , Leiomyoma/pathology , Leiomyoma/therapy , Mesenchymoma/pathology , Mesenchymoma/therapy , Muscle, Smooth/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Tomography/methods
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617235


Objective: Retro-laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is a challenge for ventro-renal tumors, especially hilar tumors.The tumors are partial or entirely out of operative field and there is blind space for operation.To solve this problem, a set of techniques including renal pedicle rotation is developed.Methods: A set of techniques including renal pedicle rotation, double-layer suture, early artery unclamping for retro-laparoscopic nephrectomy for ventro-renal tumors, especially hilar tumors were developed.Hilar tumors were located anteriorly to the angle of the renal and renal arteries and in contact with the anterior surface of the renal artery.The evaluation of the outcomes included the operation time, warm ischemia time, estimated haemorrhage, surgical margin, renal function after operation, and complications.This study reviewed the data of 28 patients with ventro-renal tumor, including 15 patients with complex hilar tumors.Results: The average tumor size was (3.8±0.5) cm.The average R.E.N.A.L score was 8 (ranging from 7 to 9).The average warm ischemia time was (23.8±4.7) min, and suture time was (26.2±6.5) min, and operation time was (124.1±12.1) min.The median hospital stay was 4 days and the average estimated haemorrhage was (139.1±54.0) mL.All the surgeries were operated under laparoscope and no surgery switched to open surgery.Seven patients developed Clavien Dindo Ⅰ-Ⅱ complications after operation.Three patients (10.7%) developed collective system damage and received repair of collective system in time and three patients (10.7%) developed slightly gross hematuria (Clavien-DindoⅠ).Two patients developed wound infection (Clavien-DindⅡ).Three patients (10.7%) got renal vein clamped because of capillary hemorrhage from basilar part of tumors.There were 14 patients received early unclamping of renal artery, and no obvious renal vessel damage was found.There were statistically significant differences between the serum creatinine levels (P<0.05) and the estimated glomerular filtration rates (P=0.02) before and after surgery.All the patients'' serum creatinine levels were in normal range and no patient needed regular dialysis.There was no positive surgical margin and the median follow-up was 7 months without local recurrence or distant metastasis.Conclusion: It is safe and effective to apply renal pedicle rotation technique in retro-laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for ventro-renal tumors.The short-term follow-up results are optimistic, but long follow-up is required.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489685


Objective To study the expressions of Hepcidin,bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP6) and hemojuvelin (HJV) in gastric cancer,and to explore their relationships with clinical pathological characteristics.Methods Hepcidin,BMP6 and HJV were detected by immunohistochemistry in 62 cases of gastric cancer patients,and the relationships among them and clinical pathological features were analyzed.Results Compared with normal gastric mucosa tissues,Hepcidin was highly expressed in gastric cancer tissues (13.3% vs.56.5%,x2 =8.99,P < 0.01),while the differences of the expression of BMP6 and HJV in the two groups were not statistically significant (60.0% vs.40.3 %,x2 =1.89,P > 0.05;93.3% vs.83.9%,x2 =0.88,P > 0.05).The expression of Hepcidin was related to T stage (x2 =6.98,P =0.02),but it was not related to age,sex,lymph node metastasis,distant metastasis and anemia.The expressions of BMP6 and HJV were not related to T stage,age,sex,lymph node metastasis,distant metastasis and anemia.Hepcidin was not related to the expressions of BMP6 and HJV (r=0.13,P>0.05;r=0.15,P>0.05).Conclusion Hepcidin is highly expressed in gastric cancer tissues,which is related to the T staging of gastric cancer,and can be used as an objective indicator of the biological behavior of gastric cancer.There were no differences in the expression of BMP6 and HJV between normal gastric mucosa and gastric cancer tissues.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504748


Objective To study the expression feature and clinical significance of plasma Protein C(PC) in pre‐PICC placement and post‐PICC placement in patients with cancer .Methods The levels in plasma of PC was tested by ELISA in patients with cancer in one day before PICC placement ,in one day ,30 day ,and 90 day after PICC placement ,the change of feature and clinical signifi‐cance was analyzed .Results The levels of PC in one day after PICC placement were 3 .74 ± 1 .99 μg/L ,the levels was lower than the levels of in one day before ,and in 30 ,90 day after PICC placement ,which were 5 .00 ± 2 .40 ,4 .78 ± 2 .41 and 5 .35 ± 2 .71 μg/L (q=3 .74 ,2 .85 and 4 .58 respectively ,P0 .05);There were no correlation both PC levels and D‐D levels ,and both PC levels and PLT count(r= -0 .024 1 and 0 .111 0 ,all P>0 .05) .Conclusion The PC levels in one day after PICC placement were lower ,but there were no correlation both PC and D‐D ,and PLT .PICC catheter were safety .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603636


Objective To study the expression and significance of Neogenin,Hepcidin and serum ferritin(SF)in patients with cancer-related anemia.Methods To test the serum levels of Neogenin,Hepcidin and SF in 107 cases,including 55 cases with cancer-related anemia and 52 cases of non-anemia with tumor by ABC-ELISA.Results ①The serum levels of Neogenin in patients with cancer-related anemia were 0.77 ± 0.45 ng/ml,which were lower than 0.98 ± 0.60 ng/ml in non-anemia group (t=2.003 8,P 0.05).③In patients with cancer,there were positive correlation be-tween Neogenin and Hb (r=0.212 4,t=2.226 4,P 0.05).④There were positive cor-relation between Hepsidin and SF (r=0.486 6,P <0.01).Conclusion There were lower expression of Neogenin,higher ex-pression of Hepcidin in patients with cancer-related anemia is a complex process.The abnormal expression of Neogenin and Hepcidin which were lead to the loss of use of iron are the key factors attribute to anemia in patients with cancer.

KMJ-Kuwait Medical Journal. 2016; 48 (4): 323-327
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-183984


Objective: To investigate the expression of ferroportin [FPN] and hepcidin in tissue from patients with breast cancer, and to evaluate the relationship between FPN and hepcidin expression and clinical features

Design: Retrospective study

Setting: Department of Hematology and Oncology in Taicang Hospital of Suzhou University, China

Subjects: Sixty-four Paraffin tissue blocks obtained from breast cancer patients, who underwent surgical resection during the period, January to December 2009

Intervention: None

Main outcome measure: To test FPN and Hepcidin expression in breast cancer by using immunohistochemistry

Results: The positive expression rate of FPN was significantly higher in tissue from patients with the luminal A and luminal B types of breast cancer than in the poor prognosis group [75.8% Vs 41.99%; p < 0.05], while the positive expression rate of hepcidin was significantly lower [24.2% vs. 74.2%; p < 0.001]. The rate of FPN expression was higher in the estrogen receptor [ER]-positive group than in the ER-negative group [77.4% Vs 42.4%], and the positive rate of hepcidin was lower [22.6%] compared to that of the hepcidin-negative group [72.7%]. The expression of hepcidin and FPN was related to the molecular type, expression of the ER/progesterone receptor, and lymph node metastasis, but it was not related to anemia. The expression of hepcidin was negatively correlated with FPN expression [r= -0.41; p < 0.01]

Conclusion/s: The expression of hepcidin and FPN in breast cancer tissue was related to the endocrine type, lymph node metastasis, and T stage, but not anemia

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458329


Purpose To explore the clinical value of131I-whole body scan (131I-WBS) and 18F-FDG PET/CT on the metastatic management of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) after operation.Materials and Methods Serum thyroglobulin (Tg) of 27 patients after DTC surgery was measured one day before131I therapy, and the patients underwent131I-WBS on 3-5 days after131I therapy. According to the results of Tg and 131I-WBS, all the patients were divided into 4 types as follows: type I: Tg (+),131I-WBS (-); type II: Tg (+),131I-WBS (+); type III: Tg (-),131I-WBS (+); and type IV: Tg (-), 131I-WBS (-). Then the patients received18F-FDG PET/CT scan within a week after 131I-WBS. The results of131I-WBS and18F-FDG PET/CT scan were analyzed according to histopathologic findings or clinical and imaging follow-up of at least 6 months as diagnosis standard.Results The examinations uncovered that metastasis occurred in 52 lesions of 22 cases out of the 27 cases.131I-WBS revealed 24 metastatic lesions (46.2%) in 8 cases (36.4%), and18F-FDG PET/CT showed 35 metastatic lesions (67.3%) in 15 cases (68.2%), the difference with statistic significance (χ2=4.46 and 4.74,P0.05). Based on that, therapeutic plans were modified for 13 patients with type I metastasis and 1 patient with type IV metastasis.Conclusion131I-WBS and18F-FDG PET/CT are complementary for detecting metastatic lesion and help to decide the following treatment of DTC patients after surgery. Moreover,18F-FDG PET/CT shows advantages in detecting metastatic lesion in Tg-positive and negative131I-WBS type of DTC patients after surgery, thus can provide an important clinical guidance for this type of patients.

Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 419-423, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642786


Objective To observe the changes of hospitalization rates of patients with goiter in Lianyungang City in a coastal area with mild iodine deficiency in 2002-2010.Methods Medical reports of patients with goiter from county hospitals were studied at county level with a retrospective method.In accordance with the National Iodized Salt Monitoring Program,nine townships(towns) were taken from each county (district) [total of five counties(districts)]; four villages were selected from each township (town); salt samples were taken from eight households in each village,and salt iodine was determined using direct titration of sodium thiosulfate.Results The hospitalization rate of patient with goiter increased from 1.87/10 million in 2002 to 7.05/10 million in 2009,and then fluctuated to 6.06/10 million in 2010(x2 =281.91,P< 0.01).Among them,female's hospitalization rates were significantly higher than that of male 's(The variation range of x2 values were 35.23-116.04,all P < 0.01),and the hospitalization rates of people over the age of 40 years were significantly higher than that of people less than 40 years of age(The variation range of x2 values were 33.04-263.04,all P < 0.01),and the hospitalization rates of people in urban areas were significantly higher than that of people in rural areas (The variation range of x2 values were 18.35-140.00,all P < 0.01).Average salt iodine was 27.61-30.13 mg/kg in 2002-2010.The coverage rate of iodized salt and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt both increased year by year (x2 =183.75,211.99,P < 0.01).There was a positive correlation between hospitalization rate of patient with goiter and coverage rate of iodized salt(spearman correlation coefficient was 0.83,P < 0.05).There was a positive correlation between hospitalization rate of patient with goiter and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt too (spearman correlation coefficient was 0.93,P < 0.05).Conclusions In Lianyungang City,the hospitalization rate of patient with goiter,the coverage rate of iodized salt and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt all show upward trend in 2002-2010.The relationship among them is worth further study.

Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3956-3960, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339919


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Treating developmental dysplasia of the hip is often challenging. The difficulties include not only the hip surgery itself but also the treatment of the associated lower-limb valgus deformity. However, there have been very few studies on such deformity in patients with developmental hip dysplasia. In this study, we investigated the prevalence and severity of lower-limb valgus deformity, along with the relationship between the severity of valgus deformity and mechanical alterations of the hip or the ipsilateral knee.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and six affected lower limbs of 116 adult patients with untreated developmental dysplasia of the hip were included in the study, grouped according to the severity of hip dysplasia. Each study participant's radiographs were measured to quantitatively evaluate the mechanical axis deviation of the lower limb, and further to evaluate the prevalence and severity of the lower-limb valgus deformity. Some mechanical alterations of the hip and the ipsilateral knee were also measured on the radiographs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the affected lower limbs, 14.1% had valgus deformities. Study participants with Crowe type III hip dysplasia had the most severe deformity and the highest prevalence of deformity. Severity of valgus deformity had a strong positive correlation with the lateral migration of the femoral head but not with the superior migration. A decreased lateral distal femoral angle contributed to the lower-limb valgus deformity, and the lateral distal femoral angle had a strong negative correlation with the severity of valgus deformity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Hip dysplasia is commonly associated with lower-limb valgus deformity, and the severity of the lower-limb valgus deformity is mostly affected by lateral migration but not superior migration of the femoral head. The valgus deformity may originate mainly in the distal femur, in addition to the hip joint itself. These findings can be taken into account when planning to treat the patients with hip dysplasia.</p>

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Femur Head , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Hallux Valgus , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Hip Dislocation, Congenital , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Hip Joint , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Joint Deformities, Acquired , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography , Young Adult
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 11-17, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286084


An infectious cDNA clone of H120 vaccine strain of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) was constructed to demonstrate its potential as a gene transfer vector. Primers were designed according to the published genome sequence of H120 strain, and ten cDNA fragments covering the entire genome of H120 strain was amplified by RT-PCR. All the PCR products were ligated into pMD19-T vector and sequenced, and the ORF5a open reading frame in the pMDTM9 plasmid was replaced by an enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene. Recombinant plasmids were digested by the restriction enzyme Bsa I, and all the cDNA fragments were recovered. By using appropriate ligation strategy, the genomic cDNA of H120 strain were reconstituted. Then genome RNA was synthesized in vitro by T7 RNA polymerase and transfected into BHK-21 cells. Recombinant virus expressing the green fluorescent protein was rescued and identified by RT-PCR and sequencing. The characteristics of recombinant virus were evaluated by passage in embryonated chicken eggs. This study showed that the 5a ORF is a good candidate for an insertion site of recombinant genes for the development of IBV infectious cDNA clone as a gene transfer vector.

Animals , Cell Line , Chick Embryo , Cricetinae , DNA, Complementary , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Gene Transfer Techniques , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Physiology , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Infectious bronchitis virus , Genetics , Physiology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307924


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the BGC-823/WTX-EGFP gastric cancer cell line with stable expression of Wilms tumor gene on the X chromosome (MTX) for functional analysis of WTX gene.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The full-length WTX cDNA was amplified from human embryonic kidney 293FT cells and cloned into the pEGFP-N1 vector containing the reporter gene of green fluorescence protein. The recombinant pEGFP-WTX expression vector, after digestion by restriction enzyme to identify the size of target gene fragment, was transfected into 293FT cells and the expression of fluorescent reporter gene was observed under fluorescence microscope. pEGFP-WTX vector was transfected into human gastric cancer BGC-823 cell line to establish BGC-823/WTX-EGFP cell line stably expressing WTX. Quantitative RT-PCR and immunocytochemical staining were used to detect the expression of WTX in both BGC-823/WTX-EGFP and control BGC-823 cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The recombinant pEGFP-WTX plasmid was successfully constructed and verified by PCR and sequencing. The mRNA and protein expressions of MTX were significantly increased in BGC-823/WTX-EGFP cells as compared with those in the control cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The full-length WTX expression vector (pEGFP-WTX) and BGC-823/WTX-EGFP gastric cancer cell line have been successfully established to facilitate further functional study of WTX gene.</p>

Cell Line , Cell Line, Tumor , Chromosomes, Human, X , Genetics , DNA Restriction Enzymes , DNA, Complementary , Genes, Wilms Tumor , Genetic Vectors , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Humans , Plasmids , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Transfection
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415855


Objective To generate recombinant Pichia pastoris for high-copy expression of human tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI). Methods The cDNA encoding human TFPI was inserted into the expression vector pPIC9K and the constructed expression vector rhTFPI-pPIC9K was confirmed by restriction endonuclease analysis and DNA sequencing. The recombinant plasmids were subsequently transformed into Pichia pastoris GS115 cells, and the transformants were confirmed by PCR amplification of the genomic DNA.The recombinant Pichia pastoris with high copies of TFPI cDNA was screened by G418 selection. Western blot and TFPI ELISA Kit were employed to analyzing. The temperature, time and concentration of methanol for the induction of recombinant protein were optimized. Results PCR analysis and DNA sequencing confirmed the successful construction of the expression vector rhTFPI-pPIC9K. Real time quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis demonstrated the positive correlation between TFPI expression level and the copy number of TFPI cDNA in Pichia pastoris cells. Optimization of the induction condition significantly elevated the expression level and activity of TFPI (9.95±0.78 mg/L and 3.91±1.37 U/mL). Conclusion The Pichia pastoris strain with high copy of TFPI expression was successfully constructed, which lays a solid foundation for the further investigation on the function of TFPI and its application in the prevention and therapy of diseases.

Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 494-496, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473254


Objective To study the expression and clinical significance of Livin ( anti-apoptosis protein) and Smac (promoting apoptosis factor) in patients with the non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).Methods The expression of Livin and Smac were detected by immunohistochemical staining(SP) assay in 31 patients with NHL, and the relationship between Livin/Smac and clinical staging, IPI and prognosis were analyzed. Results The patients with positive expression of Livin had B symptom, high risk IPI, late clinical staging (Ⅲ/Ⅳ stage) and short survival time, while the ones with positive expression of Smac had no B symptom, early clinical staging( Ⅰ /Ⅱ stage), low risk IPI and good prognosis. The expressions of both Livin and Smac were not related to gender and age. Expression of Livin was not correlated to that of Smac (r =0.003,P >0.05). Conclusion For patients with NHL, the expression of Livin protein was related to poor prognosis and adverse clinical features, whereas the expression of Smac protein was related to good prognosis and clinical feature.

Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 541-544, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280650


<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To study and analyze the clinical factors contributing to the failure of primary posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction and to guide our clinical treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From November 2001 to May 2007, 8 patients underwent PCL reconstruction revision because of pathological instability after primary PCL reconstruction. And the clinical failure factors of the primary reconstruction were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One case was reconstructed with bone-patellar tendon-bone (B-T-B) autografts, 7 cases with hamstring tendon autograft. The most probable causes of failure were improper graft placement in 7 cases (both femoral bone tunnels were behind the predicted one and tibial tunnels were in front of the predicted one). The reconstructed PCL in 4 cases ruptured absolutely and had been absorbed. Three cases had obviously loosen but still partly linked reconstructed ligament. These 8 cases all received primary PCL revision reconstruction. Among them, 6 cases were reconstructed with autograft (using a single-bundle quadruple hamstring graft in 3 cases, double-bundle quadruple hamstring graft in 1 case, single-bundle B-T-B autograft in 2 case), and 2 cases were reconstructed with allograft (using a single-bundle and a double-bundle B-T-B allograft reconstruction).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Incorrect bone tunnel placement is the major factor contributing to the surgical failure in many reasons for the failure of PCL reconstruction. So, it might be suggested that there is a great need for a more precise anatomical bone tunnel placement.</p>

Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Posterior Cruciate Ligament , General Surgery , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Failure , Young Adult
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 174-177, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405049


Objective: To determine the long-term prognostic value of ~(99m)Tc-sestamibi (MIBI) Gated myocardial perfusion imaging(G-MPI)in patients with coronary artery disease.Methods: A total of 1345 consecutive symptomatic coronary artery disease patients who underwent ~(99m)Tc-MIBI G-MPI were studied.1250 patients were followed-up by telephone interview, the median follow-up time was 26.7±13.6 months.Events were defined as cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction and revascularization by coronary artery bypass graft or percutaneous coronary artery intervention.Results: Cox regression analysis indicated that summed stress score (3.8±6.1,χ~2=67.25), summed different score (1.1±3.0,χ~2=21.09) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (0.667±0.097,χ~2=42.26) were independent predictive factors of cardiac events (P<0.01).Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that cardiac event free survival was significantly lower in the patient with LVEF≤50%.Conclusion: In Patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease, the summed stress score, summed rest score, summed different score and LVEF had prognostic value, and low LVEF indicated worse prognosis.