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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 407-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984667

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the percentage of in-use electronic sphygmomanometers independently validated clinically in China. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey and Beijing, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Datong, and Shihezi were selected according to the geographical location and economic level. In each site, one tertiary hospital, two community health centers, and 20 families with electronic sphygmomanometers in use were chosen. The information of electronic sphygmomanometers including brand, model, manufacturer and production date were obtained by the trained staff. Ten electronic sphygmomanometers from each hospital, five electronic sphygmomanometers from each community health center, and one electronic sphygmomanometer from each family were surveyed, and the user's subjective judgment results and judgment basis on the accuracy of the electronic sphygmomanometer measurement were collected. We searched six registration websites (Medaval, Stride BP, dabl Educational Trust, British and Irish Hypertension Society, American Medical Association and Hypertension Canada) and two research databases (PubMed and CNKI) for the clinical validation status of each electronic sphygmomanometer. Results: A total of 200 electronic sphygmomanometers were investigated in this study, of which only 29.0% (58/200) passed independent clinical validation. When stratified by users, the percentage of being clinical validated was 46.0% (23/50) for electronic sphygmomanometers in hospitals, 42.0% (21/50) for those in community health centers and 14.0% (14/100) for those in home use, respectively, and the proportions between the three groups were significantly difference (P<0.001). Doctors in tertiary hospitals and community health service centers judged the accuracy of electronic sphygmomanometers mainly on the basis of "regular correction" (41.0% (41/100)) and "comparison with other electronic sphygmomanometers" (20.0% (20/100)), while among home users, 41.0% (41/100) were not clear about the accuracy of electronic sphygmomanometers, and 40.0% (40/100) made the judgment by "comparison with the devices in hospitals". Conclusion: The clinical validation of in-use electronic sphygmomanometers in China is low. Most of users, including healthcare professionals, are not aware of clinical validation of electronic sphygmomanometers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure Determination , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sphygmomanometers , Hypertension/diagnosis , China , Electronics , Blood Pressure
2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 195-202, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964960

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the amelioration of cognitive dysfunction in diabetes mellitus (DM) by Jianpi Qinghua prescription (JPQH) based on type 2 diabetes (T2DM) model rats. MethodFifty healthy male Wistar rats of SPF grade were randomly divided into control group (n=10) and experimental group (n=40). The rats in the control group were fed conventionally, while those in the experimental group were fed on a high-sugar, high-fat diet for six weeks and administered with streptozotocin (STZ) for the induction of the DM model. The model rats were randomly divided into model group, sitagliptin group (1.2 g·L-1), pioglitazone group (0.8 g·L-1), and JPQH group (1.3 g·mL-1), with 10 rats in each group. After six weeks of drug intervention, the changes in body weight, blood glucose, and other related indexes of each group were recorded. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to detect the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the peripheral blood and brain. The Morris water maze test was used to evaluate the cognitive function in rats. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological morphology of the hippocampal CA region. The amyloid β-protein 40 (Aβ40) level was detected by immunohistochemistry. The protein expression of t-tau and p-tau in hippocampal neurons of rats was detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with blank group, the body weight of model group was significantly decreased (P<0.05), blood glucose level was significantly increased (P<0.01), inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-1β were increased (P<0.05), learning and spatial ability were significantly decreased (P<0.01), the arrangement of hippocampal cells was loose and disordered, and the intercellular space was significantly increased. The number of cells decreased significantly, and the expression of Aβ40 increased significantly. and increased t-tau and p-tau protein content in the hippocampus (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the JPQH group showed reduced blood glucose (P<0.01), decreased TNF-α and IL-1β levels in the peripheral blood and cerebrospinal fluid (P<0.05), a downward trend of IL-6 without a statistical difference, improved learning and spatial memory ability (P<0.01), densely arranged cells in the hippocampal CA1 area, increased cell number, reduced Aβ40 expression, and decreased p-tau protein expression (P<0.05). ConclusionJPQH can prevent cognitive dysfunction in DM by reducing inflammatory factor levels, decreasing neurotoxicity caused by Aβ40 deposition, and inhibiting hyperphosphorylation of tau protein in DM rats.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 631-635, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990683

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the treatment and prognosis of patients of G3 non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) with proliferation index of Ki-67 <55%.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 15 G3 non-functional pNETs patients with proliferation index of Ki-67<55% who were admitted to Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from April 2014 to April 2020 were collected. There were 11 males and 4 females, aged (58±10)years. All patients underwent radical resection of the primary lesion. Obser-vation indicators: (1) treatment; (2) postoperative pathological characteristics; (3) follow-up. Measure-ment data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. The Pearson correlation analysis was used to verify the correlation between variables. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curve and calculate survival rate. Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Results:(1) Treatment. All 15 G3 nonfunctional pNETs patients underwent radical resection of the primary lesion of pancreas, including 5 cases receiving pancreati-coduodenectomy, 10 cases receiving distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy. There were 5 patients with simultaneous liver oligometastasis who underwent combined segmental (lobectomy) hepatectomy. All 15 patients had negative tumor margin, and the operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss of 15 patients was 120(90,210)minutes and 200(50,300)mL, respectively. None of patient had complications ≥Ⅲ grade of the Clavien-Dindo classification during the postoperative 30 days. Of the 15 patients, there were 5 cases receiving comprehensive treatment based on CAPTEM chemo-therapy (temozolomide combined with capecitabine), 2 cases receiving local interventional therapy, 2 cases receiving CAPTEM chemotherapy, 1 case receiving local interventional therapy combined with molecular targeted therapy, 1 case receiving local interventional therapy combined with long acting somatostatin therapy, 1 cases receiving long acting somatostatin therapy combined with molecular targeted therapy, and 3 cases without postoperative treatment. (2) Postoperative patholo-gical characteristics. The tumor diameter of 15 patients was 3.3(range, 0.5-6.0)cm. There were 2 cases with tumor diameter <2 cm, 13 cases with tumor diameter ≥2 cm. The number of lymph nodes dissected and number of lymph nodes metastatic was 6(4, 10) and 2(1,3) in 15 patients, respectively, including 12 cases with positive lymph node metastasis. Of the 15 patients, there were 5 cases with tumor invasion of adjacent organ, 5 cases with simultaneous liver metastasis, 8 cases with perineural invasion and 8 cases with vascular invasion. There were 3, 7, and 5 patients with stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲ, and stage Ⅳ of pathological TNM staging, respectively. The proliferation index of Ki-67 and mitotic count was 32%±9% and (11±9)/10 high power field in the primary lesion of 15 patients, respectively, and there was no correlation between proliferation index of Ki-67 and mitotic count ( P>0.05). (3) Follow-up. All 15 patients were followed up after surgery for (55±24)months. The median survival time of 15 patients was 78(range, 43-113)months, with 1-, 3-, 5-year overall survival rate as 100%, 92%, 62%, respectively. During the follow up, 9 of the 15 patients underwent tumor recurrence, with the recurrence time as 20(14, 44)months. There were 8 patients died of tumor recurrence or metastasis. The median survival time was 86(range, 51-120)months in 5 patients receiving comprehensive treatment based on CAPTEM chemotherapy, versus 53(range, 45-60)months in 10 patients receiving other postoperative adjuvant therapy or without postoperative treatment, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=4.21, P<0.05). Conclusion:The prognosis of patients of G3 nonfunctional pNETs with proliferation index of Ki-67<55% undergoing radical resection combined with postoperative comprehensive treatment based on CAPTEM chemotherapy in better than that of patients receiving other postoperative adjuvant therapy or without posto-perative treatment.

4.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 464-471, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the mechanism of Jindan Tablets, Xiaoyan Lidan Tablets and ursodeoxycholic acid in the treatment of gallstone and cholecystitis based on network pharmacology; To conduct a comparative analysis.Methods:The chemical components of Jindan Tablets, Xiaoyan Lidan Tablets and ursodeoxycholic acid and their drug targets were collected from Traditional Chinese Medicine Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP). DAVID 6.8 database was used to search for the associated diseases of the drug targets. The disease targets of gallstone and cholecystitis were collected from GeneCards and other databases. The protein-protein interactions network was established based on the intersecting targets of three drugs and two diseases. KEGG enrichment analysis was performed based on the DAVID 6.8 database. Cytoscape 3.7.1 software was used to construct a complex network and topology analysis of component- target- disease between three drugs and diseases.Results:222 chemical components and 3 133 drug targets were collected for Jindan Tablets. 104 chemical components and 1 425 action targets were collected for Xiaoyan Lidan Tablets. 1 chemical component and 119 action targets were collected for ursodeoxycholic acid. The three drugs were associated with 31 diseases. 1 382 disease targets for gallstones and cholecystitis were collected. There were 237, 163 and 33 targets for gallstones and cholecystitis in the three drugs, of which 17 were shared by the three drugs and 20 were shared by Jindan Tablets and Xiaoyan Lidan Tablets. Based on the DAVID database, 113, 74 and 10 significant KEGG enrichment pathways were obtained for the three drugs respectively.Conclusions:The three drugs shared many targets and pathways in the treatment of gallstones and cholecystitis, which all had the function of regulating metabolism and inhibiting inflammatory response, while participating in apoptosis, oxidative stress and cancer pathology process. However, they had their own special effects, with Jindan Tablets favoring involving in the cancer process and inhibition of inflammation, and promoting angiogenesis. Xiaoyan Lidan Tablets and ursodeoxycholic acid focused on regulating cholesterol metabolism, and Xiaoyan Lidan Tablets also regulated steroid metabolism and inhibit inflammation, while ursodeoxycholic acid regulated bile acid metabolism.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2040-2052, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981188

ABSTRACT

Petrochemical-derived polyester plastics such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polybutylene adipate terephthalate (PBAT) have been widely used. However, the difficulty to be degraded in nature (PET) or the long biodegradation cycle (PBAT) resulted in serious environmental pollution. In this connection, treating these plastic wastes properly becomes one of the challenges of environment protection. From the perspective of circular economy, biologically depolymerizing the waste of polyester plastics and reusing the depolymerized products is one of the most promising directions. Recent years have seen many reports on polyester plastics degrading organisms and enzymes. Highly efficient degrading enzymes, especially those with better thermal stability, will be conducive to their application. The mesophilic plastic-degrading enzyme Ple629 from the marine microbial metagenome is capable of degrading PET and PBAT at room temperature, but it cannot tolerate high temperature, which hampers its potential application. On the basis of the three-dimensional structure of Ple629 obtained from our previous study, we identified some sites which might be important for its thermal stability by structural comparison and mutation energy analysis. We carried out transformation design, and performed expression, purification and thermal stability determination of the mutants. The melting temperature (Tm) values of mutants V80C and D226C/S281C were increased by 5.2 ℃ and 6.9 ℃, respectively, and the activity of mutant D226C/S281C was also increased by 1.5 times compared with that of the wild-type enzyme. These results provide useful information for future engineering and application of Ple629 in polyester plastic degradation.


Subject(s)
Plastics/metabolism , Polyethylene Terephthalates/metabolism , Biodegradation, Environmental , Metagenome
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2015-2026, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981186

ABSTRACT

PET (polyethylene terephthalate) is one of the most important petrochemicals that is widely used in mineral water bottles, food and beverage packaging and textile industry. Because of its stability under environmental conditions, the massive amount of PET wastes caused serious environmental pollution. The use of enzymes to depolymerize PET wastes and upcycling is one of the important directions for plastics pollution control, among which the key is the depolymerization efficiency of PET by PET hydrolase. BHET (bis(hydroxyethyl) terephthalate) is the main intermediate of PET hydrolysis, its accumulation can hinder the degradation efficiency of PET hydrolase significantly, and the synergistic use of PET hydrolase and BHET hydrolase can improve the PET hydrolysis efficiency. In this study, a dienolactone hydrolase from Hydrogenobacter thermophilus which can degrade BHET (HtBHETase) was identified. After heterologous expression in Escherichia coli and purification, the enzymatic properties of HtBHETase were studied. HtBHETase shows higher catalytic activity towards esters with short carbon chains such as p-nitrophenol acetate. The optimal pH and temperature of the reaction with BHET were 5.0 and 55 ℃, respectively. HtBHETase exhibited excellent thermostability, and retained over 80% residual activity after treatment at 80 ℃ for 1 hour. These results indicate that HtBHETase has potential in biological PET depolymerization, which may facilitate the enzymatic degradation of PET.


Subject(s)
Hydrolases/metabolism , Bacteria/metabolism , Hydrolysis , Polyethylene Terephthalates/metabolism
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 296-302, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969777

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the impact of individual and combined assessment of age- and sex-specific brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and pulse pressure (PP) on all-cause mortality. Methods: This study is a prospective cohort study. Individuals participated in the Kailuan Study and completed baPWV measurements between 2010 and 2016 were included in this study. After stratifying by sex, 75th percentile baPWV and PP values for different age group were calculated at five years interval. BaPWV and PP values below the 75th percentile were defined as normal, and those above or equal to the 75th percentile were defined as increased. The participants were allocated to four groups according to their PP and baPWV status: normal baPWV/PP group, high baPWV/normal PP group, normal baPWV/high PP group and high baPWV/PP group. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality during the follow-up period. Cox proportional hazards models were used to explore the impact of individual and combined assessment of baPWV and PP on all-cause mortality events. Results: A total of 39 339 participants were enrolled in this study, aged (49.3±12.8) years, of which 28 731 (73.03%) were males. There were 23 268, 6 025, 6 210 and 3 836 cases in the normal baPWV/PP group, high baPWV/normal PP group, normal baPWV/high PP group and high baPWV/PP group, respectively. The average follow-up duration was (4.98±2.53) years. During the follow-up period, all-cause mortality occurred in 998 individuals. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed increased risk of all-cause mortality in the high baPWV/normal PP group (HR=1.27, 95%CI 1.07-1.50), and in the high baPWV/PP group (HR=1.33, 95%CI 1.08-1.65) compared to the normal baPWV/PP group. Increased pulse pressure alone had no impcat on all-cause death (HR=1.06, 95%CI 0.87-1.29). Conclusions: The risk of all-cause mortality significantly increases with increased age-and sex-specific baPWV and PP values. BaPWV may be a better predictor of all-cause mortality than PP in this cohort.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Blood Pressure , Ankle Brachial Index , Prospective Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis , Ankle , Vascular Stiffness , Risk Factors
8.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1006-1011, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954415

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on the degradation of skeletal muscle protein MuRF mediated by pFoxO1 when insulin resistance occurs, this paper explores the content change of skeletal muscle protein and the effect of Jianpi Qinghua formula when insulin resistance occurs.Methods:C57 mice were fed with high-fat food and made as the model of obesity accompanied by insulin resistance. Then they were divided into model group, Jianpi Qinghua formula group and metformin group according to random number table method with 10 mice in each group. Jianpi Qinghua formula group was orally administered with water decoction 20.961 g/kg, and the metformin group was orally administered with metformin suspension 18.498 g/kg, once a day for 12 consecutive weeks. Intraperitoneal Glucose Tolerance Tests (IPGTT) was used after the model was established and intervened respectively. The relative protein content of pFoxO1, FoxO1, MuRF, MyoD and myosin were detected by Western blot method, and the localization of MyoD and myosin was detected by immuno-histochemistry.Results:Compared with the model group, the blood glucose of IPGTT at 0 min, 60 min and 120 min of both Jianpi Qinghua formula group and Metformin group decreased ( P<0.05). Compared with model group, the ratio of pFoxO1/FoxO1 protein expression level (0.27±0.07, 0.24±0.14 vs. 0.05±0.03) of both Jianpi Qinghua formula group and Metformin group increased ( P<0.05), and the relative expression of MuRF protein (1.22±0.42, 1.15±0.32 vs. 3.21±0.35) of both Jianpi Qinghua formula group and Metformin group decreased ( P<0.05). The relative protein expression of MyoD (1.42±0.45 vs. 0.40±0.11) and myosin (0.80±0.11 vs. 0.51±0.08) relative protein expression of Jianpi Qinghua formula group was significantly higher than that of model group ( P<0.05). Immunohistochemical staining showed that MyoD (5.06±1.72 vs.2.28±0.83) and myosin (60.28±7.47 vs. 39.77±3.34) of Jianpi Qinghua formula group significantly increased compared with model group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Jianpi Qinghua formula could effectively increase the content of skeletal muscle protein, enhancing the phosphorylation of FoxO1 in skeletal muscle and the inhibition of MuRF degradation pathway.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 204-213, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940404

ABSTRACT

This scoping review aimed to summarize the application information and clinical studies of oral Chinese patent medicines. The oral Chinese patent medicines in treating lung cancer were screened out by searching pf the drug directory, related guidelines, and medical information websites. The data including functions, application, ingredients, and prices of these medicines were collected. Six public databases were searched with the time interval of establishment to August 22, 2021 for collection of the clinical studies of oral Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of lung cancer. The expert consensuses, systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, non-randomized controlled trials, and non-controlled trials were selected for analysis. A total of 104 oral Chinese patent medicines were screened out, including 31 capsules, 16 granules, 20 oral liquids, 17 tablets, 17 pills, and 3 ointments, in which altogether 198 herbal medicines were involved. The single-dose prices of 2, 36, and 66 medicines were > CNY 100, CNY 10-100, and < CNY 10, respectively. There were 410 clinical studies associated with 48 oral Chinese patent medicines, which were published from 1986 to 2021. These publications included 1 expert consensus, 21 systematic reviews, 277 randomized controlled trials, 87 non-randomized controlled trials, and 24 non-controlled trials. In the clinical studies, the Chinese patent medicines were usually applied in combination with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The evaluation of primary outcomes focused on 9 indicators including clinical efficacy, quality of life, and incidence of side effects. In conclusion, the oral Chinese patent medicines demonstrated significant advantages in the treatment of lung cancer, and the relevant clinical trials were increasing year by year, with multiple outcome indicators being evaluated. More comprehensive and standardized clinical studies need to be designed for oral Chinese patent medicines in treating lung cancer in the future.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 465-469, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930957

ABSTRACT

Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs) refer to a group of relatively rare and heterogeneous tumors. The treatment and prognosis are distinct for GEP-NENs of different genetic phenotypes, differentiation degree, pathological categories, staging and grading, clinical characteristics. Neoadjuvant therapy is becoming increasingly accepted in the compre-hensive treatment of GEP-NENs. More and more researches show that neoadjuvant therapy contri-butes to improve R 0 resection rate and eliminate metastasis of malignancies. However, the value of neoadjuvant therapy and whether it improves overall survival of GEP-NENs patients remain contro-versial. The principle of neoadjuvant therapy is to bring survival benefits for selective patients treated by optimal therapy at appropriate time. It is important to master certain degrees for above event nodes. Whether the neoadjuvant /conversion therapy serve as castle in the air or Noah's ark for GEP-NENs requires prospective randomized controlled tests to answer. Combined with guidelines at home and abroad, the authors systematically review the evidence based medicines on neoadju-vant and conversion therapy for GEP-NENs, demonstrate relative research progress, carry an indepth discussion on hot and difficult subjects and controversial issues, aiming to provide references for individualized, precised and standardized comprehensive treatment of GEP-NENs.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 351-355, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930023

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer is a common tumor of the digestive system with a high degree of malignancy. Most patients are in the advanced stages of the disease when they develop symptoms. Although the detection rate of traditional screening methods is improving with advances in imaging and the popularity of colonoscopy, the diagnosis of early, asymptomatic colon cancer is still unsatisfactory. Therefore, it is particularly important to further study the occurrence and development mechanism of colorectal cancer and obtain new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment.? In recent years, with the deepening of epigenetics research, the role of DNA methylation in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer has gradually attracted attention. This paper will review the research progress of DNA methylation in colorectal cancer′s diagnosis and treatment.

12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 298-302, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927377

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Zusanli" (ST 36) combined with mosapride on gastric emptying rate and gastric motility in the rats with diabetic gastroparesis.@*METHODS@#Using random number table method, 68 male SD rats were divided into a blank group (12 rats) and a model establishment group (56 rats). In the model establishment group, the models of diabetic gastroparesis were established with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin combined with high-fat and high-sugar diet. Six weeks later, the successful rat models in the model establishment group were randomized into a model group, an EA group, a mosapride group and a combined treatment group, 12 rats in each one. In the EA group, EA was exerted at "Zusanli" (ST 36) (disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency, 2 mA in intensity) for 20 min. In the mosapride group, mosapride was intervened with intragastric administration (2 mg/kg). In the combined treatment group, electroacupuncture at "Zusanli" (ST 36) was combined with intragastric administration of mosapride. The intervention was given once daily in each group. There was 1 day at interval after 6-day intervention, consecutively for 5 weeks. At the end of intervention, the random blood glucose, gastric emptying rate and the data of gastric motility (average intra-gastric pressure, amplitude and frequency of gastric motility) were detected.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, blood glucose was increased in the model group (P<0.001). Blood glucose was reduced in the EA group, the mosapride group and the combined treatment group as compared with the model group separately (P<0.001, P<0.01), whereas, compared with the mosapride group, blood glucose was decreased in the combined treatment group (P<0.05). In comparison with the blank group, the gastric emptying rate, the average intra-gastric pressure and the amplitude of gastric motility were all decreased in the model group (P<0.001) and the frequency of gastric motility was increased (P<0.001). Gastric emptying rate, the average intra-gastric pressure and the amplitude of gastric motility were increased in the EA group, the mosapride group and the combined treatment group (P<0.01, P<0.05, P<0.001) and the frequency of gastric motility was decreased (P<0.001) as compared with the model group respectively. Compared with the EA group, the average intra-gastric pressure and the amplitude of gastric motility were increased in the combined treatment group (P<0.001). In comparison with the mosapride group, the gastric emptying rate, the average intra-gastric pressure, the amplitude and frequency of gastric motility in the combined treatment group, as well as the frequency of gastric motility in the EA group were all increased (P<0.05, P<0.001, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture at "Zusanli" (ST 36) combined with intragastric administration of mosapride could regulate blood glucose and improve the gastric motility in the rats with diabetic gastroparesis. The effect is better than either simple electroacupuncture or mosapride.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Benzamides , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Gastrointestinal Motility/physiology , Gastroparesis/etiology , Morpholines , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 301-305, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923377

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the safety of endoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy in the treatment of primary hyperhidrosis based on ambulatory surgery mode. Methods    Retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 158 patients with primary hyperhidrosis who received endoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy in the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from January 2019 to March 2021. There were 68 (43.2%) males and 90 (56.8%) females with an average age of 14-33 (20.5±3.1) years. The basic information of the patients, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative pain score, hospitalization expenses and postoperative complications were observed and recorded. Results    All surgeries were successfully completed and the patients were discharged as planned. The operation time was 41.8±13.9 min, the intraoperative blood loss was 10.5±7.3 mL, the postoperative anesthesia recovery time was 15.0±5.9 min, and the pain score was 3.0±0.9 points. The total length of hospitalization was 1.6±1.0 days. The total postoperative expenses were 9 471.7±1 698.9 yuan. Pneumothorax occurred after the operation in 3 patients. Telephone follow-up on the 30th day after the operation showed no recurrence of sweaty hands, pneumothorax or rapid heart rate, and no serious complications or death related to the day operation within 30 days after the operation. Conclusion    Endoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy based on ambulatory surgery mode is safe and effective in the treatment of primary hyperhidrosis.

14.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(4): e3867, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289623

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Desde hace más de 15 años, las vacunas antineumocócicas conjugadas (PCVs) están disponibles en muchas partes del mundo, y son efectivas en la prevención de las enfermedades neumocócicas en niños. La OMS recomienda la inclusión de las PCVs en los programas de inmunización infantil en todo el mundo. Objetivo: Valorar el abordaje ético y el impacto socioeconómico de las vacunas antineumocócicas conjugadas para la decisión de uso en diferentes contextos. Material y Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos PubMed y SciELO, considerando informes de la web de la OMS. Desarrollo: Está globalmente considerado que para la reglamentación, el desarrollo y el uso de las PCVs,se deben tener en cuenta aspectos regulatorios, resultados de investigaciones y el consentimiento informado (CI) de los sujetos. En el contexto de países como China,la PCV13 de la empresa Pfizer es de la Clase II debido a su alto precio de importación, en otros contextos como Cuba no se ha introducido la vacunación contra neumococo por limitaciones financieras. Los equipos de investigación trabajan en el desarrollo de las PCVs para reducir el coste de la importación de estas vacunas, haciendo realidad la inclusión de las PCVs en el programa nacional de inmunización. A pesar de complejidad cada vez mayor de la investigación vacunológica, los investigadores seguirán obligados a adherirse a los principios éticos. Conclusiones: Es necesario una vacuna antineumocócica conjugada más económica para tener un impacto socio-económico más alto. Los profesionales sanitarios tienen la obligación de ser éticos y rigurosos en las investigaciones vacunológicas. Además, estas investigaciones requieren de la revisión por parte de un consejo de revisión ética a escala nacional y su seguimiento debe ser sistemático. Cabe señalar que los estudios en población infantil deben ser fuertemente regulados y controlados(AU)


Introduction: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) have been available in many parts of the world for more than 15 years and are effective in preventing pneumococcal diseases in children. The WHO recommends the inclusion of PCVs in childhood immunization programmes worldwide. Objective: To value the approach to ethics and the socioeconomic impact of the conjugate pneumococcal vaccines. Material and Methods: A bibliographic review was carried out in databases such as PubMed and SciELO, considering reports from the WHO website. Development: It is globally considered that regulatory aspects, research results and informed consent (IC) of the subjects should be taken into account for the regulation, development and use of PCVs. In the context of countries such as China,the PCV13 of the Pfizer company is Class II due to its high import price. In other contexts, such as Cuba, pneumococcal vaccination has not been introduced due to financial limitations. Research teams are working on the development of PCVs to reduce the cost of importing these vaccines, making the inclusion of PCVs in the national immunization program a reality. Despite the increasing complexity of vaccinology research, researchers will continue to be obliged to adhere to ethical principles. Conclusions: A cheaper pneumococcal conjugate vaccine would be needed to have a higher socioeconomic impact. Healthcare professionals have the obligation to be ethical and rigorous in vaccinology research. In addition, such research requires review by a national ethical review board and should be systematically monitored. It should be noted that studies in the pediatric population should be strongly regulated and controlled(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumococcal Infections/prevention & control , Social Control, Formal , Immunization Programs , Delivery of Health Care
15.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 312-317, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882664

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the incidence, diagnosis rate, treatment rate and treatment pattern of hyperkalemia, and serum potassium retesting rate among hyperkalemia patients in the emergency department.Methods:Data were derived from Military Data Center for Rational Use of Drugs. Patients who accessed emergency medical services (≥18 years old) with record(s) of serum potassium between 2015 and 2017 were included. The data of laboratory test, diagnosis, and treatment were analyzed. The main outcomes included the incidence of hyperkalemia, the diagnosis rate, the treatment rate, treatment pattern and the 7-day retesting rate.Results:A total of 1 039 245 patients who met the above criteria were included, of whom, 36 615 (3.52%) had at least one hyperkalemia event. Among the emergency patients with chronic kidney disease, heart failure, diabetes mellitus and hypertension, the proportions of patients who experienced hyperkalemia were 47.69%, 29.13%, 21.69% and 10.16%, respectively. The diagnosis rate of emergency hyperkalemia patients was 9.23%. The overall hyperkalemia treatment rate was 42.1%. Insulin + glucose injection was the most commonly used therapy for emergency hyperkalemia patients. The overall serum potassium retesting rate within 7 days was 28.8%.Conclusions:Hyperkaliemia is more common and more severe in patients with chronic kidney disease, heart failure, diabetes and hypertension. The diagnosis rate and retesting rate of hyperkalemia are low, suggesting that the identification and management of hyperkaliemia in emergency patients should be strengthened.

16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3268-3275, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921423

ABSTRACT

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a synthetic polymer consisting of ester bond-linked terephthalate and ethylene glycol. Tremendous amounts of PET have been produced and majority of them enters terrestrial and marine environment as wastes, posing serious threats to the global ecosystems. In 2016, a PET hydrolase from a PET-assimilating bacterium Ideonalla sakaiensis was reported and termed as IsPETase. This enzyme outperforms other PET-hydrolyzing enzymes in terms of its PET hydrolytic activity at ambient temperature, thus holds a great promise for PET biodegradation. In order to improve IsPETase activity, we conducted structure-based engineering to modify the putative substrate-binding tunnel. Among the several variants to the N233 residue of IsPETase, we discovered that the substitution of N233 with alanine increases its PET hydrolytic activity, which can be further enhanced when combined with a R280A mutation. We also determined the X-ray crystal structure of the IsPETase N233A variant, which shares nearly identical fold to the WT protein, except for an open end of subsite Ⅱ. We hypothesized that the smaller side chain of N233A variant might lead to an extended subsite Ⅱ for PET binding, which subsequently increases the enzymatic activity. Thus, this study provides new clues for further structure-based engineering of PETase.


Subject(s)
Burkholderiales/enzymology , Hydrolases/genetics , Polyethylene Terephthalates/metabolism , Protein Engineering
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2799-2809, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921220

ABSTRACT

In the past 37 years, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) has undergone various major transmission routes in China, with the world most complex co-circulating HIV-1 subtypes, even the prevalence is still low. In response to the first epidemic outbreak of HIV in injecting drug users and the second one by illegal commercial blood collection, China issued the Anti-Drug Law and launched the Blood Donation Act and nationwide nucleic acid testing, which has avoided 98,232 to 211,200 estimated infections and almost ended the blood product-related infection. China has been providing free antiretroviral therapy (ART) since 2003, which covered >80% of the identified patients and achieved a viral suppression rate of 91%. To bend the curve of increasing the disease burden of HIV and finally end the epidemic, China should consider constraining HIV spread through sexual transmission, narrowing the gaps in identifying HIV cases, and the long-term effectiveness and safety of ART in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/prevention & control , China/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Prevalence
18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 124-128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912645

ABSTRACT

Objective:Unidentified filling objects (UFO) can cause adverse results including infections, overfilling, asymmetry, foreign body granulomas, dislocation or psychological panic. To remove UFO accurately, it is important to locate and identify the injected substances preoperatively. This study investigated the viability of using MRI to correctly locate and identify injected substances by relating MRI to gross and pathological microscopic examination.Methods:Eighty-two facial UFO patients from 2013 to 2017 were studied by the experts of the Department of Image, Xinhua Hospital of Dalian University. Five of the patients were male and seventy-seven were female. The age ranged from 17 to 58 years with average 29.4 years. They came to our hospital for removal of UFO after they had facial injective fillers in the illegal medial offices. The injected sites involved in the forehead, temple, malar, cheek, nose, nasolabial folds, and chin. All the patients' faces were examined with MRI preoperatively, using T1W, T2W and fat-suppressed sequences. Based on the guides of MRI, UFOs were removed with their capsules by open approach. Samples were recorded with digital pictures and then were fixed in 10% formalin solution for microscopic examination of HE stained slices.Results:Based on MRI, gross and microscopic examination, UFO were classified into 3 types, gel-like fillers, solid particles, and growth factors. Gel-like fillers appeared strongly hyperintense on T2 W and STIR sequences and hypointense on T1 W sequences. Grossly, they looked like gruel covered by altered soft tissue. Under the light microscope, many pieces of blue-stained material were dispersed in subcutaneous tissue infiltrated with a large number of mononuclear cells and foreign-body giant cells. Solid particles had low to intermediate signal intensity on T1 W and T2 W images. Grossly, they were like sand merging in soft tissue. The biopsy showed crowed bubbles surrounded by tissue filled with a large number of mononuclear cells and foreign-body giant cells. For growth factors affected tissue, it was hard to differentiate between normal and abnormal on MRI. The affected tissue appeared as somehow hypointense on T1 W sequences and hyperintense on T2 W fat suppressed sequences. During the operation, the affected region was easy bleeding and full of fibrofatty tissue. Under the microscope, there were increased small blood vessels and collagens.Conclusions:Based on MRI, gross and microscopic examination, UFO can be classified into 3 types, gel-like fillers, solid particles, and growth factors. MRI is very important for doctors to assess the patient's conditions and make the plan of operation. MRI is also useful for doctors to locate UFO and understand the relationship between UFO and their nearby organs.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 702-708, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911375

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between pulse pressure(PP) and new-onset diabetes in overweight and obese people.Methods:A prospective cohort study was conducted in overweight or obese participants selected from Kailuan Study who underwent 2006-2007 annual checkup and met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. PP was calculated by blood pressure and participants were divided into 4 groups according to PP quartile. The cumulative incidence of new-onset diabetes of different PP groups was calculated by Kaplan- Meier method and compare by Log- Rank test. The multivariate Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the association between different PP groups and new-onset diabetes. Results:During an average follow-up of 8.45 years, 8 922 diabetes was identified. The cumulative incidence rate of the Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4 groups were 22.12%, 24.48%, 27.97%, and 33.44% respectively, which were statistically different( χ2=368.16, P<0.01). Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that after adjusting for multiple confounding factors, compared with Q1 group, the hazard ratio for diabetes in Q2, Q3, and Q4 groups were 1.07(1.00-1.14), 1.13(1.05-1.21), and 1.17(1.09-1.27) respectively. And the HR of diabetes event in pulse pressure(per 1 SD increase) was 1.04(1.02-1.07). Similar results were found in participants who were over-weight, obese, with normal blood pressure or hypertensive without drugs use. Conclusion:PP is positively correlated with the new-onset diabetes. High PP is one of the risk factors for developing diabetes in overweight and obese people.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 368-373, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910323

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the influence of environmental radiation of radiotherapy workplace on the stereotactic radiation therapy(SRT) plan absolute dose verification with plastic scintillator detector Exradin W1.Methods:The computed tomography (CT) image of the stereotactic dose verification phantom (SDVP) was scanned and imported into the treatment planning system. Three schemes, including 3 cm × 3 cm to 20 cm × 20 cm square gradient field irradiation, virtual planning target volume(PTV) non-coplanar arcs irradiation and 10 cases of volumetric modulated arc radiotherapy SRT (VMAT SRT) clinical plan verification, were measured with or without a home-made shield over the photodiode. Measurements were recorded to analyze the impact of environmental radiation on dose measurement under different conditions.Results:The noise effect of the photodiode increased with the the lager open field size, and decreased with the reduced distance between the photodiode and isocenter. The contribution of photodiode noise effect increase with the lager non-coplanar arc field size, with the largest up to 4.16%. As for the clinical SRT plan verification measurement, the relative difference between the SRT plan measurements and treatment planning system(TPS) before and after shielding were (1.39±1.05)% and (0.59±1.03)%, respectively ( t=-5.343, P < 0.05). and for W1 vs. A16 microchamber was (1.22±1.56)% and (0.42±1.42)%, respectively ( t=-5.414, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The measurements of Exradin W1 are in good agreement with the TPS result and the ionization chamber measurements, but its accuracy is easily affected by the environmental radiation of radiotherapy workplace. To measure non-coplanar radiation, the photodiode should be placed as far away as possible from the isocenter and be properly shielded, which can effectively improve the accuracy and stability of the measurement and provide a strong guarantee for clinical precision radiotherapy.

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