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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933966

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the risk factors for neuropathic pain (NP) after a spinal cord injury (SCI).Methods:A total of 115 patients with a SCI were analyzed retrospectively. They were divided into an NP group of 53 and a non-NP group of 62 according to the occurrence of NP. Gender, age, length of stay, occupation, level of education, cause of injury, spinal fracture, degree of SCI, the injury′s plane and complications at admission (diabetes, hypertension, anemia, venous thrombosis, pressure sores, urinary tract infection or hypoproteinemia) were recorded. T-tests and chi-squared tests were used to compare those factors between the two groups, and multivariate logistic regressions were evaluated to identify the risk factors for NP.Results:Twenty-three of the 53 cases of NP (43%) had developed within 1 month of the SCI. Thirty-seven (75%) experienced pain below the plane of the SCI. The main features reported were squeezing (34%) and numbness (26%). The multivariate logistic regression showed that the occurrence of NP was most strongly related to gender (women being particularly at risk) and venous thrombosis at admission.Conclusions:Women are at particular risk of feeling NP after an SCI, and venous thrombosis is an independent risk factor. NP should be diagnosed and treated quickly to reduce the negative impact on patients′ life quality.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of proximal gastrectomy and total gastrectomy in the treatment of Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG).Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 170 patients with Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ AEG who were admitted to Guangdong Provincial People′s Hospital from January 2010 to December 2018 were collected. There were 125 males and 45 females, aged from 30 to 85 years, with a median age of 64 years. Of the 170 patients, 82 cases undergoing proximal gastrectomy were allocated into the proximal gastrectomy group and 88 cases undergoing total gastrectomy were allocated into the total gastrectomy group. Observation indica-tors: (1) surgical and postoperative situations; (2) follow-up and survival; (3) analysis of prognostic factors. Follow-up was conducted using telephone interview and outpatient examination to detect survival of patients up to December 2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Measure-ment data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the rank sum test. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves, and Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. COX proportional hazard model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses. Variables with P<0.1 in univariate analysis were included for multivariate analysis. Results:(1) Surgical and postoperative situations. Cases with surgical approach as transthoracic or thoraco-abdominal approach, transabdominal approach, the operation time, cases with volume of intra-operative blood loss ≤100 mL or >100 mL, cases with length of proximal margin ≤1.5 cm or >1.5 cm, cases with radical surgery outcome as R 0, R 1, R 2, the number of lymph nodes harvest, cases with anastomotic leakage, cases with anastomotic stricture, cases with incision infection, cases with pleural infection or effusion, cases with abdominal infection or ascites were 61, 21, (211±18)minutes, 46, 36, 44, 38, 73, 6, 3, 15(9,22), 5, 2, 2, 4, 2 in the proximal gastrectomy group, respec-tively. The above indicators were 12, 76, (263±15)minutes, 27, 61, 45, 43, 82, 4, 2, 23(18,32), 4, 1, 3, 1, 4 in the total gastrectomy group, respectively. There were significant differences in the surgical approach, operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss and the number of lymph nodes harvest between the two groups ( χ2=63.94, t=-25.50, χ2=11.19, Z=-5.62, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the length of proximal margin or radical surgery outcome between the two groups ( χ2=0.11, Z=-0.95, P>0.05) and there was no significant difference in the anastomotic leakage, anastomotic stricture, incision infection, pleural infection or effusion, abdominal infection or ascites between the two groups ( P>0.05). (2) Follow-up and survival. All the 170 patients were followed up for 89(64,106)months. Of the 170 patients, the 5-year overall survival rates were 43.8% and 35.5% of the Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ AEG patients, respectively, showing no significant difference between them ( χ2=0.87, P>0.05). Of the patients with Siewert type Ⅱ AEG, the 5-year overall survival rates were 41.7% and 54.3% in the patients with proximal gastrectomy and the total gastrectomy, respectively, showing no significant difference between them ( χ2=1.05, P>0.05). Of the patients with Siewert type Ⅲ AEG, the 5-year overall survival rates were 31.3% and 37.5% in the patients with proximal gastrectomy and the total gastrectomy, respectively, showing no significant difference between them ( χ2=0.33, P>0.05). The 5-year overall survival rates were 39.0% and 44.2% in the proximal gastrectomy group and the total gastrectomy group, respectively, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.63, P>0.05). Of the patients in TNM stage Ⅰ, stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲ, the 5-year overall survival rates were 65.3%, 36.3%, 27.1% in the proximal gastrectomy group, versus 83.3%, 48.0%, 39.7% in the total gastrectomy group, showing no signifi-cant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.02, 1.50, 1.21, P>0.05). (3) Analysis of prognostic factors. Results of univariate analysis showed that pathological N staging, degree of tumor differen-tiation and radical surgery outcome were related factors influencing prognosis of AEG patients ( hazard ratio=1.71, 1.70, 2.85, 95% confidence interval as 1.16-2.60, 1.15-2.50, 1.58-5.14, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that pathological N staging and radical surgery outcome were independent factors influencing prognosis of AEG patients ( hazard ratio=1.55, 2.18, 95% confidence interval as 1.05-2.31, 1.18-4.02, P<0.05). Conclusions:There is no significant difference in the prognosis of Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ AEG patients undergoing proximal gastrectomy or total gastrectomy. Proximal gastrectomy can be used for the treatment of advanced Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ AEG.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912017

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of gait training assisted by an end-effector-based robot on the gait, balance, walking and general lower limb motor functioning of stroke survivors.Methods:Thirty-nine stroke survivors were randomized into a training group ( n=21) and a control group ( n=18). In addition to routine hemiplegia rehabilitation, the control group was given medium frequency electrical stimulation while the training group underwent 20 minutes of gait training assisted by an end-effector-based robot six days a week for 4 weeks. Before and after the intervention, both groups were evaluated using the functional ambulatory categories (FAC), the Fugl-Meyer lower extremity assessment, the Wisconsin Gait Scale and the Berg balance scale (BBS). Results:There were no significant differences between the groups before the intervention. Afterward significant improvement was observed in both groups in all measurements, with the training group scored better in terms of FAC and BBS.Conclusion:Using an end-effector-based robot in gait training might be more advantageous for improving the gait, balance, walking and general lower limb functioning of stroke survivors.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 89-96, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study and compare the prognosis of different pathological subtypes of renal cell carcinoma (RCC).Methods:Clinicopathological and prognostic data of 1 346 cases of postoperative renal cell carcinoma during July 2002 to June 2014 in West China Hospital were collected retrospectively.There were 839 males and 507 females, aged (55.1±13.4)years, including 1 120 cases of clear cell RCC, 62 cases of papillary RCC, 79 cases of chromophobe RCC and 85 cases of the other pathological types respectively. ECOG 0 and ≥1 were 911 and 435 cases, with; T 1, T 2, T 3 and T 4 of 1 019, 177, 102 and 48 cases respectively; WHO nuclear grade for well, intermediate, poor differentiation and unknown were 587, 530, 85 and 144 cases separately.Tumor size <5cm, 5-10cm, ≥10cm and unknown were 685, 541, 104 and 16 cases.Combined with necrosis or sacromatoid differentiation were 200/1 146 and 27/1 319 cases separately. Meanwhile, data of 80 439 cases from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) were also collected.There were 51 371 males and 29 068 females, aged (60.9±12.4) years; , with 66 261, 8 680, 5 022 and 476 cases of White, Black, Asian, American native, or unknown race separately. There were 62 600 of clear cell RCC, 12 170 of papillary RCC, 4 354 of chromophobe RCC and 1 315 of other pathological types, with T 1, T 2, T 3 and T 4 of 55 332, 8 687, 15 516 and 904 cases respectively; WHO nuclear grade for well, intermediate and poor differentiation were 52 323, 22 700 and 5 416 cases separately.Tumor size <5cm, 5-10cm, ≥10cm were 46 741, 25 760 and 7 938 cases respectively. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were performed on these two group of cases, with different factors between subgroups (gender, age, pathological types, tumor stage, size and nuclear grade) evaluated by log-rank test. To evaluate accuracy of outcome prediction models of SSIGN, Leibovich and UISS score, concordance index of these models were evaluated. Results:In 1 346 cases of our cohort, those with chromophobe RCC were well prognostic, survival were relatively better in clear cell RCC than that of papillary RCC, and worst prognosis were demonstrated in those with other types of RCC (5 year overall survival rate: 97.5%, 87.9%, 79.7% and 68.4% separately). Poor prognosis were seen in those older than 50 years, with poor T stage or nuclear grade, large tumor size and tumors with necrosis or sacromatoid differentiation ( P<0.05). In 80 439 seer cases, the best prognosis was also seen in chromophobe RCC and the worst in other type of RCC separately (5 year overall survival rate: 96.3% and 85.3%). In addition, longer survival was seen in papillary RCC than clear cell RCC (5 year overall survival rate: 92.5% and 88.9%). However, similar results with our cohort were seen in Asian and American native subgroup of SEER cases (95.1%, 88.6%, 86.7%, 80.2% for chromophobe, clear cell, papillary and other types of RCC respectively). Poor prognosis were seen in those older than 50 years, males, Asian/ American Indian, poor T stage or nuclear grade and large tumor size ( P<0.05). Concordance index for SSIGN, Leibovich and UISS models in our cohort were 0.763-0.781, 0.725-0.752 and 0.641-0.660, respectively. The chromophobe RCC subgroup was relative better based on predictive value of prognosis models(c-index of UISS of 0.670-0.781, SSIGN and Leibovich of 0.733-0.903). Conclusions:In Asian RCC population, prognosis of chromophobe RCC is best, clear cell RCC is slightly better than papillary RCC, and the prognosis of other types of RCC is the worst. Concordance index of SSIGN and Leibovich in our cohort were higher than that of UISS, and the use value for predictive model was better in the chromophobe RCC subgroup.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1148-1157, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881190

ABSTRACT

As one of the most lethal diseases, pancreatic cancer shows a dismal overall prognosis and high resistance to most treatment modalities. Furthermore, pancreatic cancer escapes early detection during the curable period because early symptoms rarely emerge and specific markers for this disease have not been found. Although combinations of new drugs, multimodal therapies, and adjuvants prolong survival, most patients still relapse after surgery and eventually die. Consequently, the search for more effective treatments for pancreatic cancer is highly relevant and justified. As a newly re-discovered mediator of gasotransmission, hydrogen sulfide (H

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1309-1317, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869088

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and clinical outcome of single-stage posterior total en bloc spondylectomy via posterior approach for lowerlumbar spinal malignant tumors.Methods:The clinical data of 23 patients with metastatic tumors of the lower lumbar spine who underwent single-stage posterior total En bloc spondylectomy in our hospital from January 2012 to June 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 14 males and 9 females, age 57.9±10.8 years old (range, 37-74 years old). All patients were treated with single-stage posterior total en blocspondylectomy, titanium mesh implantation and posterior pedicle screw fixation. Observation items included operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperativehospital stays,the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) physical condition score of the patients before operation,1 month after operationand 6 months after operation, the American spinal injury association (ASIA) spinal cord injury grade pre-operation andpostoperation, perioperative complications, local recurrence and survival state.Results:The median fellow-up time of this group was 20 months (range 6-56 months). At the end of the last follow-up, there were 3 patients who survived, the average follow-up time of the three patients who survived to the last follow-up was 37.3±11.7 months. One of them had local recurrence, but survived with tumor. The operative time was 155-510 min, with an average of 258±96 min, the intraoperative blood loss was 750-2 500 ml, with an average of 1 258.7±528.6 ml, and the postoperative hospital stay was 10-30 d, with an average of 18.4±4.6 d. VAS score decreased from 7.4±0.8 before operation to 2.6±0.6 1 month after operation, and ECOG score decreased from 1.6±0.9 before operation to 0.9±0.76 months after operation, showing statistically significant differences ( P<0.05). 6 patients presented with postoperative acute nerve root stimulation, 3 patients presented with postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage, 3 patients presented with postoperative surgical site infection, 1 with pulmonary infection, and 3 patients presented with titanium mesh displacement. Conclusion:Single-stage posterior total En bloc spondylectomy is feasible for the treatment of metastatic tumors of the lower lumbar spine. Although the operation is quite challenging due to its special anatomical structure and biomechanical characteristics,the long-term follow-up effect is satisfactory.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781686

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of arthroscopic combined with small needle knife in the treatment of degenerative medial meniscus (MM) injury of knee joint by releasing the superficial layer of medial collateral ligament (SMCL).@*METHODS@#From February 2016 to November 2018, 56 patients (56 knees) with limited pain, strangulation and flexion in medial knee joint space were selected. X-ray Kellgren-Lawrence grading was I-II. MRI showed medial meniscus injury(III degree) of knee joint. There were 30 males(30 knees) and 26 females(26 knees). Arthroscopic MM plasty and small needle knife were used to release SMCL. The Lysholm knee score was used to evaluate the effect of operation.@*RESULTS@#All 56 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 3 to 24 months, with an average of 10 months. According to the Lysholm knee score standard, the final follow-up was compared with that of before operation. The results showed that the preoperative knee score was 37.24±1.32, the latest follow-up knee score was 85.72±5.28, the knee score was higher than that before the operation(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Arthroscopy combined with small needle knife release of superficial medial collateral ligament in the treatment of degenerative medial knee meniscus injury can effectively improve the mechanical balance of the knee joint, improve Lysholm knee score in patients with knee meniscus injury, and promote the recovery of knee joint function, which has clinical value.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Collateral Ligaments , Female , Humans , Knee Joint , Male , Medial Collateral Ligament, Knee , Menisci, Tibial , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 625-629, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755500

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the benefit of radical prostatectomy (RP) in patients with lymph node-positive prostate cancer.Methods A systematic review of the studies about radical prostatectomy for the prognosis of node-positive prostate cancer was performed.An electronic search was completed on the basis of PubMed,Embase,Cochrane library,China Biology Medicine disc (CBM),China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),VIP and Wanfang database from inception up to November 2018.The outcomes are overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS).Results Six studies incorporating 7 890 patients were eligible for the present meta-analysis.6 247 patients underwent RP,the remaining 1 643 patients did not undergo RP.Lymph node-positive patients treated with RP had improved OS (HR =0.55,95% CI 0.49-0.62,P <0.001) and CSS (HR =0.49,95% CI 0.42-0.57,P < 0.001).Conclusions Radical prostatectomy may be a beneficial option for patients with lymph node metastases at initial diagnosis,which also improve the OS and CSS.More randomized controlled trials are needed to give more evidence further.

9.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 1374-1376, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701031

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method for the determination of nigeglanoside in seeds of Nigella glandulifera. Methods The content of nigeglanoside was determined by HPLC.The separation was performed on a C18column ( YMC-Pack ODS-A,250 mm×4.6 mm,5 μm) with a gradient elution system of acetonitrile and 0.017 5 mol·L-1acetic acid solution at the flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1.The detection wavelength was set at 290 nm,and column temperature was 30 ℃. Results The linear range of nigeglanoside was 0.01-0.30 mg·mL-1(R2=0.9991).The RSDs of precision,stability and repeatability were all less than 2%.The average recovery was 96.66% (RSD=1.25%,n=6). Conclusion The method is accurate and reproducible. It is effective in controlling the quality of seeds of Nigella glandulifera .

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614245

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of elispheric motion on balance and walking ability of hemiplegic patients after stroke. Methods From September to December, 2016, 40 hemiplegic patients after stroke were randomly divided into control group (n=20) and ob-servation group (n=20). Both groups received conventional rehabilitation, additionally, the control group received juggling ball training, and the observation group received elispheric motion combined with juggling ball training, 20 minutes a day, six days a week for six weeks. They were assessed with the Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Sensory (FMA-S), Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremity (FMA-LE), Berg Bal-ance Scale (BBS) and TimedUp and GoTest (TUGT) before and six weeks after training. Results After training, the scores of FMA-S, FMA-LE, BBS significantly increased (t>10.012, P2.129, P10.001, P4.669, P<0.05). Conclusion Elispheric motion can facilitate to improve the balance and walking ability of hemi-plegic patients after stroke.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277926

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay (qRT-PCR) for the rapid, sensitive, and specific detection of echinoderm microtubule associated protein like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK) fusion genes in non-small cell lung cancer. Methods The specific primers for the four variants of EML4-ALK fusion genes (V1, V2, V3a, and V3b) and Taqman fluorescence probes for the detection of the target sequences were carefully designed by the Primer Premier 5.0 software. Then, using pseudovirus containing EML4-ALK fusion genes variants (V1, V2, V3a, and V3b) as the study objects, we further analyzed the lower limit, sensitivity, and specificity of this method. Finally, 50 clinical samples, including 3 ALK-fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) positive specimens, were collected and used to detect EML4-ALK fusion genes using this method. Results The lower limit of this method for the detection of EML4-ALK fusion genes was 10 copies/μl if no interference of background RNA existed. Regarding the method's sensitivity, the detection resolution was as high as 1% and 0.5% in the background of 500 and 5000 copies/μl wild-type ALK gene, respectively. Regarding the method's specificity, no non-specific amplification was found when it was used to detect EML4-ALK fusion genes in leukocyte and plasma RNA samples from healthy volunteers. Among the 50 clinical samples, 47 ALK-FISH negative samples were also negative. Among 3 ALK-FISH positive samples, 2 cases were detected positive using this method, but another was not detected because of the failure of RNA extraction. Conclusion The proposed qRT-PCR assay for the detection of EML4-ALK fusion genes is rapid, simple, sensitive, and specific, which is deserved to be validated and widely used in clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Genetics , Genotype , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lung Neoplasms , Genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcription
12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3548-3550,3551, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605192

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimize the extraction technology of glucosinolates from Uighur medicine Brassica rapa L.. METHODS:Ethanol refluxing method was adopted to extract glucosinolates from Uighur medicine B. rapa L.. With the comprehen-sive score of glucosinolates and dry extract yield as the index,L9(34)orthogonal test based on the single factor test was adopted to observe the effects of ethanol volume fraction,extraction time and material-liquid ratio on the extraction technology of glucosino-lates from B. rapa L.,and verification test was conducted. RESULTS:The optimal extraction technology was to add 95% ethanol 8 times as much as the amount of the herbs,twice for 1.0 h reflux extractions. The extraction amount of glucosinolates and dry ex-tract yield were 7.36 mg/g and 25.29% at average,respectively.The comprehensive score of RSD was 0.52%(n=3). CONCLU-SIONS:The optimal extraction technology is stable and feasible and can be used for the extraction of glucosinolates from B. rapa L..

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939432

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To observe the effects of intensive lower extremity motor control training on the motor function of lower extremity, balance and walking capability of stroke patients. Methods 40 stroke patients were randomized into the intervention group (n=20) and control group (n=20). Both groups received the routine rehabilitation, while the intervention group accepted the lower extremity motor control training in addition for 6 weeks. Before and after 6 weeks of treatments, they were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment of lower extremity (FMA-L), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Holden Functional Ambulation Category (FAC); their gaits were analysesd with footprint. Results Both groups improved significantly in scores of FMA-L, BBS, FAC and average step length, stride width, walking velocity (P<0.01) after treatment, and improved more in the intervention group than in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Intensive motor control training of lower extremity may promote the recovery of motor function of lower extremities, balance and walking ability of stroke patients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464538

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of intensive lower extremity motor control training on the motor function of lower extremi-ty, balance and walking capability of stroke patients. Methods 40 stroke patients were randomized into the intervention group (n=20) and control group (n=20). Both groups received the routine rehabilitation, while the intervention group accepted the lower extremity motor con-trol training in addition for 6 weeks. Before and after 6 weeks of treatments, they were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment of lower ex-tremity (FMA-L), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Holden Functional Ambulation Category (FAC);their gaits were analysesd with footprint. Re-sults Both groups improved significantly in scores of FMA-L, BBS, FAC and average step length, stride width, walking velocity (P<0.01) after treatment, and improved more in the intervention group than in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Intensive motor control train-ing of lower extremity may promote the recovery of motor function of lower extremities, balance and walking ability of stroke patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254388

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety and feasibility of forgoing postoperative nasogastric tube decompression in minimally invasive esophagectomy for patients with esophagus carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 90 eligible patients who underwent elective minimally invasive esophagectomy in our department from January 2012 to May 2013 by the same surgical team were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 45 patients did not receive the use of postoperative nasogastric tube decompression and 45 patients received nasogastric tube decompression after operation. The observation parameters included the time to first flatus, the time to intake of fluid diet, the duration of postoperative hospitalization, pharyngalgia, vomiting, and postoperative complications, as well as the need for placing or replacing the nasogastric tube.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of pharyngalgia was significantly higher in nasogastric tube group (100% vs 44.4%, P<0.001). The time to intake of fluid diet [median 2 d(2-4 d) vs. median 9 d(7-20 d), P<0.001] and the time to first flatus [median 3 d(3-8 d) vs. median 6 d(3-9 d), P<0.001] were all significantly shorter in non-nasogastric tube group as compared to nasogastric tube group. Compared with the nasogastric tube group, the non-nasogastric tube group had shorter postoperative hospital stay (P<0.001). There were no significant differences in the incidence of postoperative complications and vomiting between two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Minimally invasive esophagectomy without the use of postoperative nasogastric tube decompression is safe and feasible, which can improve recovery and shorten postoperative hospital stay.</p>


Subject(s)
Decompression , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Esophagectomy , Methods , Humans , Incidence , Intubation, Gastrointestinal , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468430

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the activity of cathepsin D (CAT-D) and alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) in blood in patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis, and to explore whether these two enzymes could be served as serum biomarkers for cartilage degeneration. Methods: hTe activity of CAT-D and AAT in blood serum of 44 women and 26 men with hip or knee osteoarthritis was determined by the method of ELISA before total joint replacement and on the 10th day atfer the surgery. One hundred healthy volunteers were chosen as the control. All datawere analyzed by using SPSS19.0 sotfware. Results: Compared with the controls, the activity of CAT-D in patients with osteoarthritis was decreased by 25% (P0.05), but it was increased by 80% after the surgery than that in the control group (P0.05). hTe gender, hypertension, diabetes and age did not affect the activities of the 2 enzymes (P>0.05). Conclusion: AAT might be a possible inflammatory indicator in the osteoarthritis. CAT-D and AAT enzymes are not affected by gender, age, hypertension and diabetes, etc, and they might be served as potential biomarkers for cartilage degradation.

17.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 865-869, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452584

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the role of Jagged1 and Notch signaling pathway played in the differentiation and proliferation of RAW 264.7 cells.Methods: RAW 264.7 cells were divided into three groups to culture:The control group:RAW 264.7 cells were threated with culture and RANKL.The Jagged1 group:RAW 264.7 cells were threated with recombinant protein Jagged 1 besides the control group.The DAPT group:RAW 264.7 cells were threated with DAPT besides the Jagged 1 group.The mRNA expression of osteoclast markers(TRAP,CK,CTR) and Notch key target genes (HES-1 and HEY-1) were measured by real-time PCR.The formation of osteoclast , bone resorption , Notch expression and proliferation of RAW 264.7 cells were detected by TRAP staining , scanning electron microscope ,immunofluorescence and cell counting kit-8 ( CCK-8 ).Results: TRAP, CK, CTR , HES-1 and HEY-1 mRNA expression were significantly higher than the control group and DAPT group in Jadded 1 group ( P<0.05 ).TRAP+cell count ,osteolytic area was significantly increased in Jagged 1 group compared with control and DAPT group , and no significant difference observed between the last two groups.Immunofluorescence results showed high expression of N ICD in cell membrane and cytoplasm in all groups and additionally expressed in nucleus in Jadded 1 group.Cell proliferation was inhibited in Jagged 1 group also ( P<0.05 ).Conclusion:Jagged1 promotes RAW264.7 cells osteoclast differentiation and inhibits proliferation by activating Notch signaling pathway .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284301

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the risk factors of mortality in patients with severe chest trauma (SCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 777 SCT [abbreviated injury scale (AIS) ≥3] patients who were treated in the Chongqing Emergency Medical Center from January 2006 to April 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Stepwise logistic regression analysis was used to explore 15 possible mortality-related risk factors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seven factors were found to be correlated with the mortality of SCT: age, hemorrhagic shock, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), pulmonary infection, abdominal organ injury, Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score, and thorax AIS score. Among them five factors were the independent factors that might increase the mortality of SCT: hemorrhagic shock (B=1.710, OR=1.291, P=0.001), MODS (B=3.453, OR=1.028, P<0.001), pulmonary infection (B=2.396, OR=10.941, P<0.001), abdominal organ injury (B=1.542, OR=1.210, P=0.005), and thorax AIS score ≥4 (B=0.487, OR=1.622, P<0.001). Two factors showed protective effects: age ≤60 years (B=-0.035, OR=0.962, P=0.01) and GCS score ≥12 (B=-0.635, OR=0.320, P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Age, disease severity, and complications (hemorrhagic shock, MODS, and pulmonary infection) are independent risk factors of the mortality of SCT. Effective treatment programs targeting these risk factors may improve the outcomes of SCT patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thoracic Injuries , Mortality , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436352

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify whether the helper T lymphocyte 1 (Th1)/helper T lymphocyte 2 (Th2) of patients' serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) at admission could represent the severity of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and whether its change at six months could predict the progression of the disease.Methods Eighty-three patients with IPF were subjected to pulmonary function tests (PFFs),dyspnea scores,arterial blood gas analysis,six-minute walk test (6MWT) and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT).The serum and BALF specimen of these patients were obtained as well as 20 control serum and 10 control BALF specimen.A total of 55 patients were followed up,and their BALF and serum levels of interferon γ (IFNγ) and IL-4 were detected by enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay (ELISA).The correlation between the IFNγ/IL-4 levels (at admission and the change of that at six months follow-up) and the clinical,physiological and image features in the IPF patients were analyzed.Results The baseline serum and BALF level of IFNγ/IL-4 (0.8 ± 0.3) in the IPF patients was lower than that in the control group (1.4 ± 0.2),which showed significant correlation with the course of disease,dyspnea scores,FEV1 %,FVC%,TLC%,maximum desaturation,6MWD and CT-fib (all P values < 0.05).The serum level of IFNγ/IL-4 showed positive correlation with CT-alv (r =0.340,P < 0.01).During follow-up,no statistic difference was found in the serum levels of IFNγ,IL-4 and IFNγ/IL-4 between the IPF patients with or without glucocorticoids treatment.There were significant aggravation in the dyspnea scores,FEV1%,FVC%,CT-alv,CT-fib,IFNγ and IL-4 at six months follow-up.Significant correlation had been showed between the change of the serum IFNγ/IL-4 level with the changes of the dyspnea scores,FVC%,TLC%,DLCO%,6MWD and CT-fib in the IPF patients (P <0.05).Conclusions There are disequilibrium of the Th1/Th2 in the serum and the BALF of the IPF patients.The Th1/Th2 level could represent severity of the disease,and the serum level change of Th1/Th2 in the follow-up could predict the progression of the diseases in the IPF patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434510

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the cause,treatment and prevention of delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after operation for esophageal carcinoma.Methods The clinical data of 13 cases with DGE after operation for esophageal carcinoma were analyzed retrospectively.Results DGE occurred at 10th day after operation.10 cases with functional delayed gastric emptying(FDGE) recovered after conservative treatmeut.3 cases with mechanical delayed gastric emptying(MDGE) were given surgical treatment.Conclusions The anatomical displacement of stomach may be the main cause of DGE.DGE is also related to vagus nerve and postoperative inadequate gastrointestinal decompression.Clinical symptoms,X-ray barium meal radiography and gastroscopy examination are the important diagnostic method.Conservative treatment should be the first choice for FDGE.The use of some gastro-intestinal prokinetic drugs may have a beneficial effect on FDGE.Once the diagnosis of MDGE is established,surgical treatment should be performed as early as possible.The fully preoperative preparation,the precise and concise techniques in operation and postoperative appropriate management may decrease the occurrence of DGE.

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