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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(3): 335-342, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376549

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The objective of this study is to investigate the protective effect of kaempferol against ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Methods: H9C2 cells were pretreated with kaempferol for 24 hours and further insulted with IR injury. Cell vitality, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, glutathione (GSH) level, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase activity, and sirtuin-3 (SIRT3), B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2), and Bcl2-associated X protein (Bax) expressions were evaluated. Moreover, short interfering ribonucleic acid targeting SIRT3 was used to investigate the role of SIRT3 against IR mediated by kaempferol in vitro. IR mice models were also established to confirm the protective effects of kaempferol on IR in vivo. Results: After IR injury, H9C2 cells vitality was reduced, ROS levels, NADPH oxidase activity, and Bax expressions were increased, and GSH levels and Bcl2 expressions were decreased. After kaempferol pretreatment, the vitality of H9C2 cells was increased. The levels of ROS, NADPH oxidase activity, and Bax expression were decreased. In addition, levels of GSH and Bcl2 expression were enhanced. Furthermore, silencing SIRT3 attenuated the protective effect mediated by kaempferol, with increased ROS levels, NADPH oxidase activity, and Bax expression, along with reduced GSH level and Bcl2 expression. In vivo IR model showed that kaempferol could preserve IR-damaged cardiac function. Conclusion: Kaempferol has the capability of attenuating H9C2 cells IR injury through activating SIRT3 to inhibit oxidative stress.

2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(2): 114-116, Mar-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365693

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Cardiovascular function is one of the main factors affecting health. The influence of different exercise intensities on cardiovascular function needs further research. Objective: To study the relationship between physical activity and cardiovascular disease in the elderly. Method: The article conducted a follow-up survey of 1,564 older adults. Elders who practice sports and those who do not went through the hemodynamic index test, which analyzed the relevant effects of physical exercise on their cardiovascular function. Results: Older adults who exercise regularly show good adaptability to exercise. Conclusion: Physical exercise can promote the function of the cardiovascular system. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: A função cardiovascular é um dos principais fatores que afetam a saúde. A influência da atividade física com diferentes intensidades na função cardiovascular precisa ser pesquisada mais a fundo. Objetivo: Estudar a relação entre atividade física e enfermidades cardiovasculares em idosos. Método: Este artigo realizou um questionário de acompanhamento com 1.564 idosos. Os idosos que praticam atividades físicas e aqueles que não o fazem passaram por testes de índices hemodinâmicos, que analisaram quais foram os efeitos relevantes da atividade física sobre sua função cardiovascular. Resultados: Idosos que praticam atividades físicas regularmente demonstraram boa adaptabilidade à atividade física. Conclusão: A atividade física pode ser benéfica para o funcionamento do sistema cardiovascular. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação do resultado de tratamentos.


RESUMEN Introducción: La función cardiovascular es uno de los principales factores que afectan a la salud. La influencia de la actividad física con diferentes intensidades en la función cardiovascular necesita ser investigada más a fondo. Objetivo: Estudiar la relación entre actividad física y enfermedades cardiovasculares en ancianos. Método: Este artículo realizó un cuestionario de acompañamiento con 1.564 ancianos. Los ancianos que practicaban actividades físicas y aquellos que no lo hacen pasaron por pruebas de índices hemodinámicos, que analizaron cuáles fueron los efectos relevantes de la actividad física sobre su función cardiovascular. Resultados: Ancianos que practican actividades físicas regularmente demostraron buena adaptabilidad a la actividad física. Conclusión: La actividad física puede ser benéfica para el funcionamiento del sistema cardiovascular. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación del resultado de tratamientos.

3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(2): 162-164, Mar-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365695

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Iatrogenic stroke is a cerebrovascular clinical event. It quickly leads to localized or diffuse brain dysfunction. After the onset, the patient develops motor dysfunction. Objective: To study the effect of evidence-based physical exercise on the physical function and daily life ability of stroke patients with hemiplegia. Results: The performance of the exercise group was better than that of the control group. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant. Conclusion: Systematic evidence-based exercise and effective rehabilitation methods can alleviate the motor dysfunction of stroke patients with hemiplegia. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: O acidente vascular cerebral iatrogênico é um evento clínico que, em pouco tempo, leva à disfunção cerebral localizada ou difusa, fazendo com que o paciente desenvolva disfunções motoras. Objetivo: Estudar o efeito de atividade física baseada em evidências sobre a função física de pacientes de AVC com hemiplegia sobre sua capacidade de executar suas atividades da vida diária. Método: 160 pacientes com AVC iatrogênico foram selecionados e separados aleatoriamente em grupos. O grupo Exercício recebeu treino reabilitativo, além de terapia medicamentosa convencional básica, enquanto o grupo Controle recebeu apenas terapia medicamentosa. Em seguida, os efeitos da reabilitação foram avaliados. Resultados: A performance do grupo Exercício foi melhor que a do grupo Controle. A diferença entre os dois grupos foi estatisticamente significativa. Conclusão: Atividade física sistemática e baseada em evidências e métodos de reabilitação eficientes podem aliviar a disfunção motora de pacientes de AVC com hemiplegia. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação do resultado de tratamentos.


RESUMEN Introducción: El accidente vascular cerebral iatrogénico es un evento clínico que, en poco tiempo, ocasiona disfunción cerebral localizada o difusa, haciendo que el paciente desarrolle disfunciones motoras. Objetivo: Estudiar el efecto de actividad física basada en evidencias sobre la función física de pacientes de ACV con hemiplejia sobre su capacidad de ejecutar sus actividades de vida diaria. Método: Fueron seleccionados y separados aleatoriamente en grupos 160 pacientes con ACV iatrogénico. El grupo Ejercicio recibió entrenamiento de rehabilitación, además de terapia medicamentosa convencional básica, mientras que el grupo Control recibió solo terapia medicamentosa. A continuación, los efectos de la rehabilitación fueron evaluados. Resultados: El rendimiento del grupo Ejercicio fue mejor que la del grupo Control. La diferencia entre los dos grupos fue estadísticamente significativa. Conclusión: Actividad física sistemática y basada en evidencias y métodos de rehabilitación eficientes pueden aliviar la disfunción motora de pacientes de ACV con hemiplejia. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación del resultado de tratamientos.

4.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 17, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152736

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with autoimmune diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis (AS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Current findings regarding plasma/serum homocysteine (HCY) levels in AS patients are inconsistent. This study aims to systematically evaluate the association between circulating HCY levels and AS. Methods: Online electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, ScienceDirect, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang data) were used to retrieve all relevant articles published up to May 7, 2020. The pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated using the random-effect model, Stata16 software. Results: Nine articles containing 778 AS patients and 522 controls were included in this meta-analysis. No significant differences in HCY levels were found between AS and control groups (pooled SMD = 0.46, 95% CI = − 0.30 to 1.23, P = 0.23). However, subgroup analysis suggested that HCY levels were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the AS group treated with methotrexate (MTX) compared with the control group. In contrast, HCY levels were significantly (P < 0.05) lower in the AS group receiving anti-TNF-α treatment compared with the control group. No significant differences were detected between HCY levels and disease activity scores (Bath AS disease activity index, BASDAI), and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T genotype. Conclusion: This meta-analysis indicates that HCY levels are similar between AS and controls, and do not correlate with disease activity. However, different medical treatments cause fluctuations of circulating HCY levels in AS patients. Further and larger-scale studies are needed to confirm these findings. Trial registration: This study was registered at international prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO), registration number: CRD42020184426.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/etiology , Homocysteine/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/therapeutic use
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 353-359, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941286

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the causes of death and predictors in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing anticoagulation therapy. Methods: Consecutive anticoagulated nonvalvular AF patients were recruited from the China Atrial Fibrillation Registry (China-AF) Study from August 2011 to December 2018. After exclusion of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, or loss of follow-up within 1 year, 2 248 patients were included in this analysis. Enrolled patients were followed up were followed up for 3 and 6 months, and then every 6 months. The primary endpoint was death, including cardiovascular death, non-cardiovascular death and undetermined death. The patients were divided into survival group and death group according to the survival status after follow-up. Clinical information such as age and sex was collected. Cox proportional hazards regression was performed to identify associated risk factors for all-cause mortality, and Fine-Gray competing risk model was used to identify associated risk factors for cardiovascular mortality. Results: A total of 2 248 patients with atrial fibrillation receiving anticoagulant therapy died over a mean follow-up of (42±24) months, mean age was (67±10) years old and 41.1% (923/2 248) patients were female. The mortality rate was 2.8 deaths per 100 patient-years. The most common cause of death was cardiovascular deaths, accounted for 55.0% (120/218). Worsening heart failure was the most common cause of cardiovascular deaths (18.3% (40/218)), followed by bleeding events (12.9% (28/218)) and ischemic stroke (8.7% (19/218)). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that age (HR = 1.05, 95%CI 1.04-1.07, P<0.001), anemia (HR = 1.81, 95%CI 1.02-3.18, P = 0.041), heart failure (HR=2.40, 95%CI 1.75-3.30, P<0.001), ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA)(HR = 1.59, 95%CI 1.21-2.13, P = 0.001) and myocardial infarction (HR = 2.93, 95%CI 1.79-4.81, P<0.001) were independently associated with all-cause death. Fine-Gray competing risk model showed that age (HR=1.05, 95%CI 1.02-1.08, P<0.001), heart failure (HR=2.81, 95%CI 1.79-4.39, P<0.001), ischemic stroke/TIA (HR=1.50, 95%CI 1.02-2.22, P=0.041) and myocardial infarction (HR=3.31, 95%CI 1.72-6.37, P<0.001) were independently associated with cardiovascular death. Conclusions: In anticoagulated nonvalvular AF patients, ischemic stroke represents only a small subset of deaths, whereas worsening heart failure is the most common cause of cardiovascular deaths. Heart failure, ischemic stroke/TIA, and myocardial infarction are associated with increased mortality.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Cause of Death , China , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Stroke
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the associations of different monitoring metrics for short-term exposure to ambient ozone (O3) with pulmonary function and airway inflammation in healthy young adults.@*METHODS@#A total of 97 healthy young college students were recruited and followed in a panel study conducted from December 2017 to June 2018. Each participant underwent 3 follow-up visits, and lung function and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) were measured at each visit. Ambient air pollutant concentrations were obtained from the environment monitoring station of Beijing closest to the participant residences, and meteorological data were collected from China Meteorological Data Service Center. Linear mixed-effect models were applied to assess the associations between different monitoring metrics for ambient O3 short-term exposure with pulmonary function or airway inflammation in the healthy young adults.@*RESULTS@#During the study period, the P50 (P25, P75) values for ambient O3 concentration expressed as daily 1-hour maximum (O3-1 h max), daily maximum 8-hour average (O3-8 h max) and 24-hour average (O3-24 h avg) were 102.5 (76.8, 163.0) μg/m3, 91.1 (68.3, 154.3) μg/m3 and 61.6 (36.9, 81.7) μg/m3, respectively. The different monitoring metrics for short-term exposure to ambient O3 were significantly associated with reduced forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) and increased FeNO. An interquartile range (IQR) increase in 6-d moving average of O3-1 h max (IQR=71.5 μg/m3) was associated with a 6.2% (95%CI: -11.8%, -0.5%) decrease in FEV1 and a 63.3% (95%CI: 13.8%, 134.3%) increase in FeNO. An IQR increase in 7-d moving average of O3-8 h max (IQR=62.0 μg/m3) was associated with a 6.2% (95%CI: -11.6%, -0.7%) decrease in FEV1and a 75.5% (95%CI: 19.3%, 158.0%) increase in FeNO. An IQR increase in 5-d moving average of O3-24 h avg (IQR=32.9 μg/m3) was associated with a 3.7% (95%CI: -7.1%, -0.2%) decrease in FEV1and a 25.3% (95%CI: 3.6%, 51.6%) increase in FeNO. There was no significant association between the three monitoring metrics for O3 exposure and peak expiratory flow (PEF).@*CONCLUSION@#Short-term exposure to ambient O3 was associated with decreased lung function and increased airway inflammation among the healthy young adults, and daily 1-hour maximum was more sensitively to the respiratory effects of O3.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants , Air Pollution , Benchmarking , China , Environmental Exposure , Humans , Inflammation , Ozone , Particulate Matter , Young Adult
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 735-739, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941168

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study explored the thromboembolism risk of low-risk atrial fibrillation (AF) patients (CHA2DS2-VASc score of 0 or 1 for male and 1 or 2 for female) with different clinical characteristics to provide the basis for anticoagulation decision-making in these patients. Methods: We prospectively enrolled consecutive 2 862 nonvalvular low-risk AF patients between August 2011 to December 2018 in China-AF (China Atrial Fibrillation Registry) Study, their CHA2DS2-VASc score was 0 or 1 for male and 1 or 2 for female. According to their age, sex, presence or absence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, and vascular disease at the time of enrolling, patients were divided into CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 score group, 1 score group, and 2 score group. Patients were followed up every 6 months by outpatient clinic visit or telephone interview. The outcome was a thromboembolic event, including ischemic stroke and systemic embolism. Univariate Cox regression analysis was used to compare the thromboembolism risk between the patients with different risk factors and CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 group. Results: A total of 2 862 low-risk atrial fibrillation patients were enrolled in this study. 915 patients (32.0%) were female, and age was (55.0±10.7) years old. There were 933 patients (32.6%) in CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 group, 1 401 patients (49.0%) in score 1 group and 528 patients (18.5%) in score 2 group. During follow-up (median 1.5 years, 5 811.82 person-years), 33 cases of thromboembolic events were recorded, the annual rate of thromboembolism was 0.57% (95%CI 0.40%~0.80%). The number of thromboembolic events in patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score 0, 1 and 2 were 8, 11 and 14, respectively, and the annual thromboembolism event rates were 0.40% (95%CI 0.20%-0.81%), 0.39% (95%CI 0.22%-0.71%) and 1.34% (95%CI 0.80%-2.27%), respectively. The risk of thromboembolism of CHA2DS2-VASc score 2 group (HR=3.53, 95%CI 1.48-8.44; P=0.005), especially female patients aged 65-74 years in CHA2DS2-VASc score 2 group (HR=2.67, 95%CI 1.63-4.38; P<0.000) was significantly higher than that in patients of CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 group. Conclusion: Low-Risk Atrial Fibrillation patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score 2, especially female patients aged 65-74 years old with CHA2DS2-VASc score 2 are at higher risk of thromboembolism in low-risk AF patients. For such patients, intensified oral anticoagulant therapy might be helpful to reduce the risk of thrombolism.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anticoagulants , Atrial Fibrillation , China , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Stroke , Thromboembolism
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 308-314, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941110

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the predictors of recurrent hospitalizations among atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. Methods: We analyzed data from the Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry (CAFR), a prospective cohort study involving non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients from Augest 2011 to December 2017. A total of 5 349 NVAF patients with a minimum of 48 months follow-up were included for analysis. Data including patient demographics, complications, medical and ablation history were collected. The maximum number of all-cause hospitalizations within one-year for each patient served as the primary endpoint. Patients hospitalized less than twice within one-year were defined as non-recurrent hospitalizations group, those hospitalized at least twice within one-year were definned as recurrent hospitalizations group. Logistic regression model was used to identify associated risk factors for recurrent hospitalizations. Results: Of 5 349 NVAF patients, those hospitalized for 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and at least 5 times within one-year was 2 703 (50.5%), 1 776 (33.2%), 642 (12.0%), 161(3.0), 52 (1.0%), 15 (0.3%), respectively. Eight hundred and seventy (16.3%) patients were included in recurrent hospitalizations group, 4 479 (83.7%) patients were included in non-recurrent hospitalizations group. Compare with non-recurrent hospitalizations group, patients in recurrent hospitalizations group was more likely to be older and female, more frequently had a history of hypertension, heart failure, coronary heart disesase, ischaemic stroke/transient ischaemic attack, diabetes mellitus, peptic ulcer, a AF duration for more than 1 year, medication including drugs for ventricular rate control, statin, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and higher CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc scores (P<0.05), but less frequently had higher education, a history of drinking, smoking and ablation (P<0.05). Multivariable analysis showed that age 50-64 (OR=1.47, 95%CI 1.20-1.80), age≥65 (OR=1.89, 95%CI 1.50-2.38), female (OR=1.21, 95%CI 1.01-1.46), hypertension history (OR=1.42, 95%CI 1.16-1.74), heart failure history (OR=1.73, 95%CI 1.37-2.18), coronary heart disease history (OR=1.63, 95%CI 1.31-2.03), peptic ulcer history (OR=2.00, 95%CI 1.18-3.39) were independent risk factors for recurrent hospitalizations, while higher education (college or above) (OR=0.82, 95%CI 0.69-0.99) was the protective factor for recurrent hospitalizations. Conclusions: Nearly 1 in 6 of AF patients were admitted to hospital more than once within one year in this NVAF cohort. Age≥50, female, hypertension history, heart failure history, coronary heart disease history, peptic ulcer history are associated with an increased risk of recurrent hospitalizations.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation , Brain Ischemia , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843213

ABSTRACT

Objective : To study the synergistic effect of chemo-photothermal on castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) for enhancing the efficacy of chemotherapy by single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). Methods ¡¤ High-purity SWCNTs were used as the drug carrier. Firstly, SWCHTs were truncated (shorten SWCNTs, s-SWCNTs) by mixed acid solutions. At the same time, a large amount of -COOH were in-troduced onto the surface of s-SWCNTs. Secondly, the polyethylene glycol (PEG) with amino terminated was successfully modified onto s-SWCNTs through amido linkage in N-hydroxysuccinimide and 1-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethyl-carbodiimide hydrochloride solutions to endow s-SWCNTs with water solubility and biocompatibility. Finally, docetaxel (DTX) was successfully loaded through nano-deposition method and π-π stacking on the surface of s-SWCNTs. Thus a nanosystem with both chemotherapy and photothermal properties was established. The chemo-photothermal therapy synergistic inhibition on CRPC cell line C4-2 in vitro and the anti-tumor effect in vivo were evaluated. Results ¡¤ Fourier transform infrared spectrum and zeta potential test showed that -COOH was successfully introduced onto s-SWCNTs, and the amount of -COOH was 0.412 mol per gram of SWCNTs determined by automatic conduct metric titration. The UV absorption spectrum showed that DTX was successfully loaded onto the nanosystem. By monitoring the UV absorption of the dialysate, DTX could be loaded onto SWCNTs up to 1.35 mg per gram of s-SWCNTs. Under the stimulation of acidic conditions, DTX could be rapidly released from the surface of the nanosystem. The in vitro cell viability and in vivo anti-tumor experiment showed that DTX combined with photothermal had a synergetic effect on killing C4-2 cells than any single treatment model. Conclusion ¡¤ DTX-loaded s-SWCNTs nanosystem with high stability and photothermal effect can inhib-it the growth of CRPC cells and the tumor growth in mice bearing CRPC. The nanosystem with synergistic effect of chemotherapy and photo-thermal therapy could be used in the treatment of prostate cancer which is resistant to chemotherapy drugs.

10.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 678-687, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771273

ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been associated with a high prevalence of depression.We aimed to determine the causal relation by performing a Mendelian randomization (MR) study using 34 T2D risk genetic variants validated in East Asians as the instrumental variable (IV). An MR analysis was performed involving 11 506 participants from a large longitudinal study. The T2D genetic risk score (GRS) was built using the 34 typical T2D common variants. We used T2D_GRS as the IV estimator and performed inverse-variance weighted (IVW) and Egger MR analysis. The T2D_GRS was found to be associated with depression with an OR of 1.21 (95% CI: 1.07-1.37) after adjustments for age, sex, body mass index, current smoking and drinking, physical activity, education, and marital status. Using T2D_GRS as the IV, we similarly found a causal relationship between genetically determined T2D and depression (OR: 1.84, 95% CI: 1.25-2.70). Though we found no association between the combined effect of the genetic IVs for T2D and depression with EggerMR(OR: 0.95, 95%CI: 0.42-2.14), we found an association for T2D and depression with IVW (OR: 1.75, 95% CI: 1.31-2.46) after excluding pleiotropic SNPs. Overall, the MR analyses provide evidence inferring a potential causal relationship between T2D and depression.


Subject(s)
Aged , Causality , China , Epidemiology , Depression , Epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Genetics , Psychology , Female , Genetic Variation , Genotype , Humans , Linear Models , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Mendelian Randomization Analysis , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694539

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and explore the related risk factors for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) among patients with type 2 diabetes so as to provide the evidence and reference to the early intervention in community. Methods A total of 662 patients with type 2 diabetes were selected in the community from June 2014 to June 2015 in Shenzhen province. All patients were divided into two groups according to the values of ankle-brachial index. The prevalence of PAD was calculated. Univariate and logistic regression analysis was applied to explore risk factors associated with the prevalence of PAD. Results 25.83% (171/662) of the diabetic patients suffered from peripheral arterial disease. Univariate analysis results found that age, education level, family history, course of disease, smoking status, physical exercise, dietary habits, body mass index, with hypertension, with hyperlipidemia, tuberculosis were all significantly associated with the prevalence of PAD (P<0.05) . Logistic regression analysis finally showed that older age, with hypertension, with dyslipidemia, long course of disease,body mass index,with family history, smoking were found to be the valuable risk factors related to PAD (P<0.05), whereas high education level and regular physical exercise were protective factors against PAD (P<0.05) . Conclusions Among diabetic patients in community, the prevalence of PAD was higher and there were many risk factors. We suggest that the early screening of PAD and targeted intervention should be given full attention and strengthened. Based on controlling of blood glucose, diabetic patients should not only strictly control blood pressure,but also pay attention to blood lipid regulation, control BMI and ensure smoking cessation, especially for those with advanced age, long course of disease and family history, so that we can effectively reduce the prevalence of PAD.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619965

ABSTRACT

By combining frequency modulation Chirp Z transform ion mobility spectrometers (IMS) and multi nozzle electrospray array ionization source, a method of NanoESI-Chirp Z transform ion mobility spectrometry-high performance liquid chromatography was developed for the determination of n-alkyl ammonium bromide compounds.The parameters of NanoESI-Chirp Z transform IMS such as electric field intensity, solvent composition, and solution flow rate were investigated and optimized.Subsequently, four kinds of n-alkyl ammonium bromide compounds were respectively detected by this developed Chirp Z transform method and Fourier transform method, and the obtained results were compared.The result indicated that the optimum conditions were electric field intensity of 4.5 kV, and ESI solution flow rate of 8 μL/min.Then a test mixture containing tetrabutylammonium bromide, tetrapentylammoniumbromide, tetrahexylammonium bromide, tetraheptylammonium bromide, tetranoctylammoniumbromideandtetrakis(decyl) ammonium bromide was successfully separated and determined by the HPLC-nanoESI-Chirp Z IMS method.Chirp Z transform method provided higher signal to noise ratio compared to conventional signal averaging method, and was superior to FT method in the determination of drift time.

13.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 1018-1023, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664448

ABSTRACT

Outbreak of trichinellosis belongs to the sudden public health events,with number of hazards and social influence,and is a serious threat to people's health and the social order stability.Through literature search,we collected the global outbreaks of human trichinellosis in recent years,focused on analyzing outbreak areas,cause of the outbreak,kind of infected meat,the number of cases,the genus of Trichinella and migration,diagnostic methods,etc.,in order to further prevent and control trichinellosis and to provide the important theoretical reference basis.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789789

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: The study aimed to investigate the therapeutic benefits of intravenous Xuebijing on acute kidney injury (AKI) in rats with paraquat intoxication. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided equally into three groups:sham group (n=8), paraquat group (n=8) and Xuebijing-treated group (n=8) using a random number table. The rats were intraperitoneally injected with 50 mg/kg of paraquat. One hour after paraquat administration, the rats were treated intravenously with Xuebijing (8 mL/kg). At 12 hours after paraquat administration, serum was collected to evaluate kidney function, then the rats were sacrificed and kidney samples were immediately harvested. AKI scores were evaluated by renal histopathology and pro-inflammatory cytokines mRNA levels in kidney were assayed using real-time RT-PCR. RESULTS: Serum urea nitrogen, creatinine and AKI scores were significantly higher in the paraquat group, compared with the sham group (P<0.05, respectively). Moreover, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α mRNA levels were significantly higher in the paraquat group (P<0.01, respectively). However, intravenous Xuebijing significantly decreased serum urea nitrogen, creatinine, AKI scores and IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α mRNA levels, compared with the paraquat group (P<0.05, respectively). CONCLUSION: Intravenous Xuebijing attenuates AKI fol owing paraquat poisoning by suppressing inflammatory response.

15.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 501-505, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304711

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To study the correlation of high-risk human papillomavirus 16 and 18 (HPV16/18) infections with the risk of prostate cancer (PCa) and their association with the clinicopathologic indexes of PCa.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We collected tissue samples from 75 cases of PCa and 73 cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We detected HPV16/18 infections in the samples by immunohistochemistry and PCR combined with reverse dot blot (RDB) assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Immunohistochemistry revealed 16 cases of HPV16/18 positive in the PCa (21.3%) and 7 cases in the BPH samples (9.5%), with statistically significant difference between the two groups (P=0.049). PCR combined with RDB assay showed 17 cases of HPV16 infection (22.6%) and 13 cases of HPV18 infection (17.8%), including 4 cases of HPV16/18 positive, in the PCa group, remarkably higher than 6 cases of HPV16 infection (8.2%), 3 cases of HPV18 infection (4.1%) and no HPV16/18 positive in the BPH controls (P=0.001). No significant differences were observed between the result of immunohistochemistry and that of PCR combined with RDB assay (P=0.069). The risk of HPV16/18 infections was found to be correlated with the clinical T-stage and Gleason score of PCa (P<0.05 ) but not with the patient's age, PSA level or lymph node metastasis (P>0.05 ).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>High-risk HPV16/18 infections are correlated with the risk of prostate cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Human papillomavirus 16 , Human papillomavirus 18 , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Neoplasm Grading , Papillomavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Epidemiology , Virology , Prostatic Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Virology
16.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1658-1661, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473967

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of laparoscopitotal mesorectal excision (TME) with sphincter-preservation in the treatmenof low rectal cancerby using metanalysi.MethodThe electronidatabase(PubMed ,Medline ,Ov-id ,Cochrane Library ,Controlled TrialRegistry ,SinoMedCBM ,Wanfang Dat,CNKI ,VIP ,eal) were retrieved .The related litera-tureon the randomized controlled trail(RCTs) and the non-randomized controlled trails(non-RCTs) comparing laparoscopiver-sulaparotomy TME with sphincter-preservation fotreating low rectal cancepublished from January 2001 to Octobe2012 were collected .The RevMan5 .2 software waused to conducthe metanalysi.ResultTwelve studieincluding 1 508 patientwere included ,in which the laparoscopigroup had 781 caseand the laparotomy group had 727 case.The metanalysiresultshowed thacompared with the laparotomy group ,the laparoscopiTME(LTME) group with sphincter-preservation had significantly lesestimated blood loss[mean difference(MD)= -67 .13 ,95% confidence interval(CI) (-78 .74 ,-55 .51) ,P<0 .01] ,longedistal resection margins[MD=0 .15 ,95% CI(0 .01 ,0 .29) ,P= 0 .04] ,earlieintestinal functional recovery [MD= -1 .16 ,95% CI (-1 .32 ,-1 .01) ,P<0 .01] ,shortehospital stay [MD= -3 .99 ,95% CI (-5 .36 ,-2 .63) ,P<0 .01) ,lestotal morbidity [oddratio(OR)=0 .40 ,95% CI (0 .25 ,0 .63) ,P<0 .01] ,anastomotileakage[OR=0 .60 ,95% CI (0 .37 ,0 .96) ,P=0 .03] ,urinary re-tention[OR=0 .40 ,95% CI(0 .18 ,0 .87) ,P=0 .02] and incision infection[OR=0 .26 ,95% CI(0 .11 ,0 .61) ,P=0 .002] .The statis-tically significandifferencewere nofound between the two groupin the numbeof lymph node dissection,length of resected specimen ,postoperative obstruction and the 2-yeaoverall survival rate(P>0 .05) .Conclusion LTME with sphincter-preservation fotreating low rectal cancehathe advantageof lessurgical traum,rapid postoperative recovery and few complication.Never-theles,iineeded to conducfurtheresearch fovalidating whetheLTME with sphincter-preservation having the superiority in the aspectof postoperative anal function recovery and long-term outcome .

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether emodin exerts protective effects on mouse with allergic asthma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A mouse model of allergic airway inflflammation was employed. The C57BL/6 mice sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin (OVA) were intraperitoneally administered 10 or 20 mg/kg emodin for 3 days during OVA challenge. Animals were sacrificed 48 h after the last challenge. Inflammatory cell count in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was measured. The levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-13 and eotaxin in BALF and level of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in serum were measured with enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay kits. The mRNA expressions of IL-4, IL-5, heme oxygenase (HO)-1 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Emodin induced significant suppression of the number of OVA-induced total inflammatory cells in BALF. Treatment with emodin led to significant decreases in the levels of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 and eotaxin in BALF and total IgE level in serum. Histological examination of lung tissue revealed marked attenuation of allergen-induced lung eosinophilic inflammation. Additionally, emodin suppressed IL-4, IL-5 and MMP-9 mRNA expressions and induced HO-1 mRNA expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Emodin exhibits anti-inflammatory activity in the airway inflammation mouse model, supporting its therapeutic potential for the treatment of allergic bronchial asthma.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Cell Biology , Chemokines , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Emodin , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Gene Expression Regulation , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Interleukins , Genetics , Metabolism , Leukocytes , Metabolism , Lung , Metabolism , Pathology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Genetics , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Ovalbumin , Pneumonia , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism
18.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 24(3): 282-287, May-Jun/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-719454

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to produce artificial antigens for astragaloside IV that could be used to prepare antibodies against astragaloside IV screened in Radix astragali (Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch) Bunge, Fabaceae) and its preparations, using an indirect ELISA. Astragaloside IV was coupled to carrier proteins, bovine serum albumin and ovalbumin using the sodium periodate method and was then evaluated using SDS-PAGE, MALDI-TOF MS and animal immunizations. The coupling ratio of astragaloside IV to bovine serum albumin ratio was determined to be thirteen, and the indirect ELISA demonstrated that three groups of mice immunized with astragaloside IV-bovine serum albumin produced anti-astragaloside IV- bovine serum albumin-specific antibody, with a minimum serum titer of 1:9600. A method for synthesizing highly immunogenic astragaloside IV artificial antigens was successfully developed thus indicating its feasibility in the establishment of a fast immunoassay for astragaloside IV content determination in Radix astragali and its products.

19.
Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 50(1): 101-106, Jan-Mar/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709539

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of sanguinarine (SAN) on acute radiation induced injury in mice, 45 mice were randomly divided into control, 10 Gy and SAN+10 Gy groups. Mice in the 10 Gy and SAN+10 Gy groups were exposed to single X-ray radiation with an accumulated dose of 10 Gy. Mice in the SAN+10 Gy group were administered intraperitoneally with 2.5 mg/kg body weight of SAN before radiation. Five days after radiation exposure, 5 mice from each group were sacrificed and samples of the small intestine, lung, spleen and liver were fixed for histopathological examinations. Compared with the 10 Gy group, radiation sickness was obviously delayed or attenuated in the SAN+10 Gy group. Survival analysis showed a significant difference between 2 radiation groups (P<0.05) and mean survival time was 3 days longer in the SAN+10 Gy group than in the 10 Gy group (7.21±0.19 vs. 4.20±0.13, P<0.001). Radiation-induced organ damage, based on histopathological examinations, was decreased by SAN pretreatment. Chiu’s pathology grading scores, which is an index of intestinal damage, was significantly lower in the SAN+10 Gy group than in the 10 Gy group (2.77±0.48 vs. 4.37±0.31, P<0.01). A similar result was obtained in the pathological score of lung (1.67±0.21 vs. 2.33±0.38, P<0.01). Our preliminary findings demonstrated that SAN protects animals against radiation-induced sickness and acute damage to organs and following animal death.


Para investigar os efeitos da sanguinarina (SAN) em lesões induzidas em ratos por radiação aguda, 45 ratos foram aleatoriamente divididos em grupo controle, grupo 10 Gy e grupo SAN+10 Gy. Os ratos dos grupos 10 Gy e SAN+10 Gy foram expostos à radiação de raio-X simples com uma dose acumulada de 10 Gy. Aos ratos do grupo SAN+10 Gy administraram-se, intraperitonealmente, 2.5 mg/kg de peso de SAN antes da radiação. Aos 5 dias de exposição à radiação, sacrificaram-se 5 ratos de cada grupo e retiraram-se amostras do intestino delgado, pulmões, baço e fígado para exames histopatológicos. Comparando com o grupo 10 Gy, a doença por radiação foi claramente atrasada e atenuada no grupo SAN+10 Gy. A análise de sobrevivência mostrou diferença significativa entre os dois grupos de radiação (P<0.05) e o tempo de sobrevivência média foi de mais 3 dias no grupo SAN+10 Gy do que no grupo 10 Gy (7.21±0.19 vs 4.20±0.13, P<0.001). Danos induzidos nos órgãos por radiação, baseados em exames histopatológicos, foram reduzidos pelo pré-tratamento com SAN. As pontuações de classificação da patologia Chiu, um índice para os danos intestinais, foi significativamente menor no grupo SAN+10 Gy do que no grupo 10 Gy (2.77±0.48 vs 4.37±0.31, P<0.01). Resultado semelhante foi obtido na pontuação patológica do pulmão (1.67±0.21 vs 2.33±0.38, P<0.01). As nossas descobertas preliminares mostram que SAN protege os animais contra doenças induzidas pela radiação e danos agudos nos órgãos seguidos de morte animal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Argemone/radiation effects , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Sanguinaria/radiation effects , Radiation Exposure Control , Radiation Exposure/analysis , X-Rays/adverse effects
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636098

ABSTRACT

Background Wearing of soft contact lens,as one of the important methods to correct ametropia,has been widely applied at present.The clinically deleterious effects of soft contact lens have been reported,but researches about influence of apoptosis of corneal epithelial cells are scant.Objective This study was to detect and compare the ratio of apoptosis of corneal epithelial cells between the patients with contact lens wearing and without contact lens wearing,and explore the influence of soft contact lens wearing for long term on growth of corneal epithelial cells after injury.Methods A retrospective nest case-controlled study was designed.Forty eyes of 20 myopic patients with wearing of soft contact lens for ≥5 years and 40 eyes of 20 myopic patients without wearing of soft contact lens were included in Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College.All the patients received the off-flap epipolis laser in situ keratomileusis (Epi-LASIK) from 2010 October to 2011 June.The corneal flaps were collected during the surgery.The apoptosis of corneal epithelial cells was detected by flow cytometry(FCM),and the difference of apoptotic proportion between the two groups was compared using independent sample t test.Results The FCM scatter plot showed that compared to the without contact lens wearing group,the early stage of apoptotic cells with high staining annexin V and low staining proaium iodide (PI) were much more,and survival cells with low staining annexin V and PI were less,and necrotic and late stage of apoptotic cells with high staining of annexin V/PI were more in the with contact lens wearing group.The early stage of apoptosis proportion of corneal epithelial cells was (11.23 ± 5.31)% in the with contact lens wearing group,and that in the without contact lens wearing group was (7.31± 5.43)%,showing a significant difference between them (t=2.754,P=0.008).Conclusions A long term wearing of contact lens induce more apoptosis of corneal epithelial cells,which can result in a disorder of structure and function of ocular surface during the wound healing stage.

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