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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 77-88, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005256

ABSTRACT

In order to provide basic information for the utilization and development of famous classical formulas containing Bletillae Rhizoma, this article systematically analyzes the historical evolution of the name, origin, harvesting and processing of Bletillae Rhizoma by reviewing the ancient materia medica, prescription books, medical books and modern literature. The research results showed that Baiji(白及) was the main name, some scholars took Baiji(白芨) as its main name, and there were many other names such as Baiji(白给), Baigen(白根), Baiji(白苙). The mainstream source of Bletillae Rhizoma was the tubers of Bletilla striata, and drying, large, white, solid, root-free and skin removed completely were the good quality standards. With the promotion of wild to cultivated medicinal materials, there were certain differences between their traits, and the quality evaluation indexes should be adjusted accordingly. The origin of records in the past dynasties was widely distributed, with Guizhou and Sichuan having high production and good quality in modern times. The harvesting period is mostly in spring and autumn, and harvested in autumn was better. The processing and processing technology is relatively simple, and it was used fresh or powdered in past dynasties, while it is mainly sliced for raw use in modern times. Based on the results, it is suggested that the tubers of Bletilla striata of Orchidaceae should be used in the famous classical formulas, and it should be uniformly written as Baiji(白及). And if the original formula indicates the requirement of processing, it should be operated according to the requirement, if the requirement of processing is not indicated, it can be used in raw form as medicine.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1691-1696, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978959

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects and mechanism of curcumin (Cur) solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) loaded with flower-shaped lactose (Cur-SLN-FL) for lung inhalation on lung inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) model mice. METHODS Firstly, the irritation of Cur-SLN-FL to lung tissue was investigated, and the local safety of inhalation materials was determined. Then, 10 mice were randomly selected and injected with normal saline through the trachea, and the other 50 mice were all injected with porcine trypsin solution (concentration of 33.3 mg/mL, dosage of 1.0 mL/kg) to induce the COPD model. After normal feeding for 28 days, the mice were divided into sham operation group, model group, budesonide group (20 mg/kg), Cur-SLN-FL high-dose and low-dose groups (100, 50 mg/kg), with 10 mice in each group. The corresponding drugs were given to each group, once a day, for 14 consecutive days. Twenty-four hours after the last administration, the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of mice in each group was collected and the differential count of white blood cells was determined. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the histopathology of the trachea and lung tissue in each group. Masson staining was used to detect collagen deposition in the lung tissue of mice in each group. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect the positive expressions of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domains-like receptor protein-3 (NLRP3), caspase-1 and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in lung tissue of mice. Western blot assay was used to detect the protein expressions of NLRP3, caspase-1 and nuclear factor of kappa B(NF-κB) in lung tissue. RESULTS Cur-SLN-FL had no obvious pulmonary irritation. Compared with the sham operation group, the total number of white blood cells, neutrophils and eosinophils in BALF of the model group increased significantly, while the number of lymphocytes decreased significantly (P<0.05); ciliated columnar epithelium proliferated, thickened and exfoliated in the trachea, mucus accumulated in the cavity and interstitial inflammatory cells infiltrated in the lung tissue;the deposition of collagen fibers in lung tissue increased significantly, the positive expressions of NLRP3, caspase-1 and IL-1β in lung tissue increased significantly, and the expressions of NLRP3, caspase-1 and NF-κB protein in lung tissue all increased significantly (P<0.05). After giving Cur-SLN-FL, the above indexes were all improved to certain extent. CONCLUSIONS Cur-SLN-FL can improve the pulmonary inflammatory reaction in COPD model mice,and its mechanism may be through regulating the NLRP3 signaling pathway, inhibiting the expressions of caspase-1, NF-κB and IL-1β, thus alleviating the process of pulmonary fibrosis in COPD model mice.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 150-155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959739

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To prepare the nanoporous flower-shaped lactose (FL)-loaded curcumin (Cur) solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) inhalation powder (Cur-SLN-FL), and to investigate its inhibition effect on LPS-induced apoptosis of BEAS- 2B cells. METHODS Using different kinds (lactose, sucrose, mannitol, trehalose) and different amounts (2%, 3%, 5%) of freeze-dried protectants as objects, the suspension of Cur-SLN was micronized by freeze-drying technology into lyophilized powder, which was then mixed with FL and sieved by a 200-mesh sieve to obtain Cur-SLN-FL. The physicochemical properties of Cur-SLN-FL was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and laser particle size analyzer. Using BEAS-2B cells cultured in vitro as objects, LPS-induced apoptosis and the changes of mitochondrial membrane potential after treatment of Cur-SLN-FL were detected by Annexin Ⅴ/PI double staining method and JC-1 kit. RESULTS With 3% trehalose as Cur-SLN freeze-dried protective agent, the freeze-dried powder obtained was compact and full in shape, did not shrink and collapse, and was uniform in color and light-yellow powder, which could be completely dissolved in 30 s. When FL and Cur-SLN freeze-dried powder were mixed at a ratio of 1∶2, it had a higher deposition rate of secondary distribution ([ 40.92±0.02)%]. SEM results showed that Cur-SLN-FL had a flower-shaped appearance with an average particle size of (4.95±0.57) μm and an aerodynamic particle size of (4.03±0.40) μm. The critical relative humidity of Cur-SLN-FL was about 54%, and the evacuation rate was (90.34 ± 1.21)%; the quantity of fine particles that could be inhaled by Cur-SLN-FL in the 2-7 receiving discs was (47.5±0.7)%, and the measured aerodynamic particle size was (4.33±0.08) μm. The LD50 of Cur-SLN-FL to BEAS-2B cells was 5.809 mg/mL. The apoptosis rate of model cells was significantly reduced after treatment of Cur-SLN-FL, and the mitochondrial membrane potential was significantly increased (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS The preparation process of Cur-SLN-FL is simple and feasible. Cur-SLN-FL can improve LPS-induced apoptosis of BEAS-2B cells, and this effect is related to the regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 455-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970482

ABSTRACT

This study explores the effect of total flavonoids of Rhododendra simsii(TFR) on middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO)-induced cerebral injury in rats and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation(OGD/R) injury in PC12 cells and the underlying mechanism. The MCAO method was used to induce focal ischemic cerebral injury in rats. Male SD rats were randomized into sham group, model group, and TFR group. After MCAO, TFR(60 mg·kg~(-1)) was administered for 3 days. The content of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1(IL-1), and interleukin-6(IL-6) in serum was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The pathological changes of brain tissue and cerebral infarction were observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining and 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride(TTC) staining. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the mRNA and protein levels of calcium release-activated calcium channel modulator 1(ORAI1), stromal interaction molecule 1(STIM1), stromal intera-ction molecule 2(STIM2), protein kinase B(PKB), and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 3(caspase-3) in brain tissues. The OGD/R method was employed to induce injury in PC12 cells. Cells were randomized into the normal group, model group, gene silencing group, TFR(30 μg·mL~(-1)) group, and TFR(30 μg·mL~(-1))+gene overexpression plasmid group. Intracellular Ca~(2+) concentration and apoptosis rate of PC12 cells were measured by laser scanning confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. The effect of STIM-ORAI-regulated store-operated calcium entry(SOCE) pathway on TFR was explored based on gene silencing and gene overexpression techniques. The results showed that TFR significantly alleviated the histopathological damage of brains in MCAO rats after 3 days of admini-stration, reduced the contents of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in the serum, down-regulated the expression of ORAI1, STIM1, STIM2, and caspase-3 genes, and up-regulated the expression of PKB gene in brain tissues of MCAO rats. TFR significantly decreased OGD/R induced Ca~(2+) overload and apoptosis in PC12 cells. However, it induced TFR-like effect by ORAI1, STIM1 and STIM2 genes silencing. However, overexpression of these genes significantly blocked the effect of TFR in reducing Ca~(2+) overload and apoptosis in PC12 cells. In summary, in the early stage of focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and OGD/R-induced injury in PC12 cells TFR attenuates ischemic brain injury by inhibiting the STIM-ORAI-regulated SOCE pathway and reducing Ca~(2+) overload and inflammatory factor expression, and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Apoptosis , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Caspase 3 , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-6 , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Rhododendron/chemistry
5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 994-1001, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987013

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of exosomes secreted by lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-stimulated macrophages on hepatic stellate cell activation and migration and explore the underlying molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#Human monocyte THP-1 cells were induced to differentiate into macrophages using propylene glycol methyl ether acetic acid (PMA, 100 ng/mL, 24 h) followed by stimulation with LPS, and the culture supernatant of macrophages was collected for extraction of the exosomes by ultracentrifugation. The expression of miR-155-5p in the exosomes was detected using qRT-PCR. A Transwell co-culture system was used to observe the effects of the macrophage-derived exosomes on LX2 cell (a hepatic stellate cell line) proliferation, migration, oxidative stress and the expression of fibrosis biomarkers, which were also observed in LX2 cells transfected with miR-155-5p-mimics or miR-155-5p-inhibitors. Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of SOCS1 and its downstream signal pathway proteins.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with the exosomes from LPS-stimulated macrophages significantly enhanced the proliferation and migration ability of LX2 cells and increased the levels of oxidative stress and expressions of the fibrosis markers such as type Ⅰ collagen (P < 0.05). The expression of miR-155-5p in the exosomes secreted by macrophages was significantly increased after LPS treatment (P < 0.01). LX2 cells overexpressing miR-155-5p also exhibited significantly enhanced proliferation and migration with increased oxidative stress levels and expression of type Ⅰ collagen (P < 0.05), and interference of miR-155-5p expression produced the opposite effects. Western blotting showed that miR-155-5p overexpression obviously inhibited SOCS1 expression and promoted p-Smad2/3, Smad2/3 and RhoA protein expressions in LX2 cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#LPS stimulation of the macrophages increases miR-155-5p expression in the exosomes to promote activation and migration and increase oxidative stress and collagen production in hepatic stellate cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Collagen Type I , Exosomes , Macrophages , MicroRNAs
6.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 527-537, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982219

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) has been explored as a potential biomarker for various inflammatory diseases and cardiovascular events. This study aimed to assess the predictive role of GDF-15 levels in cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality, considering traditional risk factors and other biomarkers.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was conducted and 3699 patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) were enrolled into the research. Baseline GDF-15 levels were measured. Median follow-up was 3.1 years during the study. We analyzed clinical variables and several biomarkers. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was performed to evaluate prognostic performance of GDF-15 levels in predicting myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure, stroke, cardiovascular death, and non-cardiovascular death.@*RESULTS@#Baseline GDF-15 levels for 3699 patients were grouped by quartile (≤ 1153, 1153-1888, 1888-3043, > 3043 ng/L). Higher GDF-15 levels were associated with older age, male gender, history of hypertension, and elevated levels of N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP), soluble suppression of tumorigenesis-2 (sST2), and creatine (each with P < 0.001). Adjusting for established risk factors and biomarkers in Cox proportional hazards models, a 1 standard deviation (SD) increase in GDF-15 was associated with elevated risk of clinical events [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.18, 95% confidence interval (CI): (1.52-3.11)], including: MI [HR = 2.83 95% CI: (1.03-7.74)], heart failure [HR = 2.71 95% CI: (1.18-6.23)], cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular death [HR = 2.48, 95% CI (1.49-4.11)] during the median follow up of 3.1 years.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Higher levels of GDF-15 consistently provides prognostic information for cardiovascular events and all cause death, independent of clinical risk factors and other biomarkers. GDF-15 could be considered as a valuable addition to future risk prediction model in secondary prevention for predicting clinical events in patient with stable CAD.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 483-488, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982084

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of Ena/VASP gene family on the expression of glycoprotein (GP) Ib-IX complex in human megakaryoblastic leukemia Dami cells.@*METHODS@#SiRNAs targeting Ena/VASP gene family were designed and synthesized to interfere Enah, EVL and VASP gene expression. When the siRNAs were transfected into Dami cells by using LipofectamineTM 2000 for 48 h, the expression of GPIb-IX complex was detected by quantitative real-time PCR, Western blot and flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#We successfully established siVASP , siEVL and si Enah Dami cell lines. And it was found that the expression of GPIb-IX complex had no evident reduction in siEVL or siVASP Dami cells at both mRNA and protein level, while the total protein and membrane protein of GPIb-IX complex were obviously reduced when Enah was knocked down.@*CONCLUSION@#Enah could affect the expression of GPIb-IX complex in human megakaryoblastic leukemia Dami cells, but the underlying mechanism still needs to be further explored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIb-IX Complex/metabolism , Leukemia/metabolism , Blood Platelets/metabolism
8.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 183-186, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981922

ABSTRACT

For the treatment of an intertrochanteric fracture combined with femoral head necrosis in middle-age patients, it has been controversial whether to perform fracture reduction and fixation first then total hip replacement, or direct total hip replacement. We present a rare case of 53-year-old male patient suffered from bilateral intertrochanteric fracture caused by a road traffic injury. The patient had a history of femoral head necrosis for eight years, and the Harris score was 30. We performed total hip replacement with prolonged biologic shank prostheses for primary repair. One year after the surgery, nearly full range of motion was achieved without instability (active flexion angle of 110°, extension angle of 20°, adduction angle of 40°, abduction angle of 40°, internal rotation angle of 25°, and external rotation angle of 40°). The Harris score was 85. For the middle-aged patient with unstable intertrochanteric fractures and osteonecrosis of the femoral head, we can choose primary repair for concurrent bilateral intertrochanteric fracture and femoral head necrosis with prolonged shank biologic total hip replacement.


Subject(s)
Male , Middle Aged , Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Femur Head/surgery , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Biological Products , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3046-3054, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981435

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism of ligustilide, the main active constituent of essential oils of traditional Chinese medicine Angelicae Sinensis Radix, on alleviating oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion(OGD/R) injury in PC12 cells from the perspective of ferroptosis. OGD/R was induced in vitro, and 12 h after ligustilide addition during reperfusion, cell viability was detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay. DCFH-DA staining was used to detect the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS). Western blot was employed to detect the expression of ferroptosis-related proteins, glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4), transferrin receptor 1(TFR1), and solute carrier family 7 member 11(SLC7A11), and ferritinophagy-related proteins, nuclear receptor coactivator 4(NCOA4), ferritin heavy chain 1(FTH1), and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3(LC3). The fluorescence intensity of LC3 protein was analyzed by immunofluorescence staining. The content of glutathione(GSH), malondialdehyde(MDA), and Fe was detected by chemiluminescent immunoassay. The effect of ligustilide on ferroptosis was observed by overexpression of NCOA4 gene. The results showed that ligustilide increased the viability of PC12 cells damaged by OGD/R, inhibited the release of ROS, reduced the content of Fe and MDA and the expression of TFR1, NCOA4, and LC3, and improved the content of GSH and the expression of GPX4, SLC7A11, and FTH1 compared with OGD/R group. After overexpression of the key protein NCOA4 in ferritinophagy, the inhibitory effect of ligustilide on ferroptosis was partially reversed, indicating that ligustilide may alleviate OGD/R injury of PC12 cells by blocking ferritinophagy and then inhibiting ferroptosis. The mechanism by which ligustilide reduced OGD/R injury in PC12 cells is that it suppressed the ferroptosis involved in ferritinophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , PC12 Cells , Ferroptosis/genetics , Reactive Oxygen Species , Transcription Factors , Glutathione
10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 294-297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961661

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the tissue distribution characteristics of curcumin solid lipid nanoparticles (Cur-SLN) in rats. METHODS Cur-SLN was prepared with microemulsion. SD rats were randomly divided into Cur raw material group and Cur- SLN group, with 45 rats in each group. The rats of two groups were injected with the corresponding drugs (by Cur, 25 mg/kg) by single intravenous injection. The heart, lung, kidney and liver tisse were separated at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 h after administration. The contents of Cur in different tissues were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography method. Their tissue distribution was analyzed. RESULTS The linear range of detected mass concentration of Cur in heart, lung, kidney and liver tissues were 0.064 75-129.50, 0.064 75-64.75, 0.064 75-129.50, 0.064 75-129.50 μg/mL, respectively (all r>0.99). The lower limits of quantitation were all 0.064 75 μg/mL, and the limit of detection were all 0.012 95 μg/mL. The intra-day and inter-day precision, accuracy and extraction recovery were in line with the requirements of quantitative analysis. Compared with Cur raw material group, the contents of Cur in heart, kidney, lung (at each time point of 0.25-24 h) and liver tissue (at each time point of 0.25-1 h, 12-24 h) of samples were significantly increased in the Cur-SLN group (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the contents of Cur in liver tissue (at each time point of 2-8 h) were significantly decreased (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS After Cur was prepared into solid lipid nanoparticles, its distribution in heart, kidney and lung tissues is increased.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 71-75, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970881

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic basis of a child with Kartagener syndrome (KTS).@*METHODS@#Trio-whole exome sequencing was carried out for the child and his parents, and candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing. Changes in protein structure due to missense variants were simulated and analyzed, and the Human Splicing Finder 3.0 (HSF 3.0) online platform was used to predict the effect of the variant of the non-coding region.@*RESULTS@#The child had featured bronchiectasis, sinusitis and visceral inversion. Genetic testing revealed that he has harbored compound heterozygous variants of the DNAH5 gene, namely c.5174T>C and c.7610-3T>G. Sanger sequencing confirmed the existence of the variants. The variants were not found in the dbSNP, 1000 Genomes, ExAC, ClinVar and HGMD databases. Protein structural analysis suggested that the c.5174T>C (p.Leu1725Pro) variant may affect the stability of local structure and its biological activity. The results of HSF 3.0 analysis suggested that the c.7610-3T>G variant has probably destroyed a splicing receptor to affect the transcription process.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous variants of the DNAH5 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis in the child. Above finding may facilitate the understanding of the clinical characteristics and genetic basis of KTS, and further expand the spectrum of DNAH5 gene variants.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child , Mutation , Kartagener Syndrome/genetics , Genetic Testing , Mutation, Missense , Exome Sequencing , Axonemal Dyneins/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 642-647, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984697

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the status of statins use and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) management in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and very high/high risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) from Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry (CAFR). Methods: A total of 9 119 patients with AF were recruited in CAFR between January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2018, patients at very high and high risk of ASCVD were included in this study. Demographics, medical history, cardiovascular risk factors, and laboratory test results were collected. In patients with very high-risk, a threshold of 1.8 mmol/L was used as LDL-C management target and in patients with high risk, a threshold of 2.6 mmol/L was used as LDL-C management target. Statins use and LDL-C compliance rate were analyzed, multiple regression analysis was performed to explore the influencing factors of statins use. Results: 3 833 patients were selected (1 912 (21.0%) in very high risk of ASCVD group and 1 921 (21.1%) in high risk of ASCVD group). The proportion of patients with very high and high risk of ASCVD taking statins was 60.2% (1 151/1 912) and 38.6% (741/1 921), respectively. Attainment rate of LDL-C management target in patients with very high and high risk were 26.7% (511/1 912) and 36.4% (700/1 921), respectively. Conclusion: The proportion of statins use and attainment rate of LDL-C management target are low in AF patients with very high and high risk of ASCVD in this cohort. The comprehensive management in AF patients should be further strengthened, especially the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in AF patients with very high and high risk of ASCVD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol, LDL , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Atherosclerosis , Dyslipidemias/drug therapy
13.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 694-699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998509

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide the evidence for clinical medication safety by the investigation of the risk factors of linezolid-related thrombocytopenia in cancer patients in the department of hepatobiliary surgery. Methods Patients who received linezolid for anti-infective treatment from January 2017 to December 2021 were selected. The patients were divided into thrombocytopenia group and non-thrombocytopenia group according to whether thrombocytopenia occurred or not after administration of linezolid. The general data and laboratory indicators of the two groups were compared, and the risk factors of linezolid-related thrombocytopenia were screened by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 104 patients were included in the study, including 84 patients who underwent surgery and 20 patients who did not. The incidence of linezolid-related thrombocytopenia was 24.0%. There were significant differences in gender, age, duration of linezolid use, platelet count, white blood cell count, alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), total bilirubin, creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate between the two groups (P<0.05); logistic regression analysis suggested that age ≥60 years (OR=7.093; P=0.017), duration of linezolid use ≥12 days (OR=4.399; P=0.035), baseline platelet count ≤200×109/L (OR=8.470; P=0.004), baseline AST≥50 U/L (OR=15.465; P<0.001), and baseline white blood cell count ≥11×109/L (OR=11.436; P=0.001) were the risk factors for linezolid-related thrombocytopenia in cancer patients. Conclusion During the treatment of linezolid in cancer patients, attention should be paid to the adverse reactions of thrombocytopenia in the patients, especially those with old age, long-term treatment, low baseline platelets, poor baseline liver function, and high baseline white blood cell counts.

14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1228-1234, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996951

ABSTRACT

@#The umbrella trial has received increasing attention in the design of clinical trials for oncology drugs in recent years. This trial design categorizes a single disease into multiple sub-types based on predictive biomarkers or other predictive factors, and simultaneously evaluates the efficacy of multiple targeted therapies. When compared with the traditional drug development model of phase Ⅰ, phaseⅡ, and phase Ⅲ randomized controlled trials, umbrella trials are a more scientifically rigorous trial design that can speed up drug evaluation to address the conflict between numerous untested drugs and diseases with a lack of effective treatment options. This article will focus on the concept, main characteristics, eligibility criteria, design and statistical considerations, ethical considerations, and future directions of umbrella trials, with the aim of providing methodological guidance for the design of clinical trials for oncology drugs.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 322-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993815

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Osimertinib in the second-line and above treatment of elderly patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma with epidermal grouth factor receptor(EGFR)mutation.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 51 elderly patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma aged 65 years and over was performed.EGFR gene mutations were detected at baseline.The patients were treated with Osimertinib as second or later-line treatment after disease progression on prior epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor(EGFR-TKI)therapy.Results:The median age of the patients was 72 years old, and the median progression-free survival(PFS)with Osimertinib was 13 months(95% CI: 10.8-15.2 months). Patients with exon 19 deletion(19del)treated with Osimertinib had longer PFS than patients with EGFR 21 exon L858R mutation(12 vs.24 month, P=0.028). In patients with EGFR resistance mutation T790M(T790M-positive), the PFS of patients with 19del combined with T790M(19del / T790M-positive)was better than that of patients with L858R combined with T790M(L858R / T790M-positive)(10 vs.28 months, P=0.029). After Osimertinib treatment, 43.8% of patients had brain or meningeal progression.The most commonly used agents for treatment after resistance to Osimertinib are antiangiogenic drugs.The common adverse reactions of Osimertinib were diarrhea(31.4 %), followed by dry skin with itching(29.4%)and rash(25.5 %). Most adverse reactions were grade 1 to 2, and one patient discontinued the drug intermittently due to grade 3 hematological adverse reactions. Conclusions:Osimertinib is effective and well tolerated in elderly patients with advanced EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 605-612, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993482

ABSTRACT

Cerebral palsy is the most common childhood-onset neuromuscular disorder creating lifelong physical disabilities. It affects about 1 in 500 neonates with an estimated worldwide prevalence of 17 million. Cerebral palsy is not a specific disease, but a spectrum of clinical symptoms of permanent abnormalities of the development of movement and posture caused by non-progressive disturbances in a developing fetal or infant brain. Various musculoskeletal disorders are caused by cerebral palsy, hip displacement is one of the most common deformities, second only to equinus deformities of the foot and ankle.Based on the review of previous literatures, this paper summarized the pathophysiology, clinical symptoms, relationship with the gross motor functionclassification and orthopedic treatment of hip displacement in cerebral palsy. Hip displacement in cerebral palsy is mainly caused by the lack of normal stress stimulation in the early childhood and the continuous asymmetric muscle tone and muscle strength around the hip joint. Early hip displacement in cerebral palsy is usually asymptomatic, but without timely intervention hip subluxation/dislocation will cause hip pain and hip motion limitation and thus influence the patient's activity ability and increase the difficulty of daily caring. Hip displacement in cerebral palsy is closely related to the gross motor functionclassification, and the higher the classification of gross motor, the greater the risk of displacement, and hip monitoring can significantly reduce the incidence of hip dislocation. Therefore, a consensus has been reached that a standardized hip surveillance programs and timely intervention are important to prevent the occurrence of hip dislocation and pain. The surgical strategies for hip displacement in CP can be divided into three types: preventive surgery, reconstructive surgery and salvage surgery.

17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 169-173, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935597

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the clinical effect of simple muscle packing through transnasal sphenoid approach in the treatment of intrasellar arachnoid cyst. Methods: The clinical data of 11 patients with intrasellar arachnoid cyst treated by transnasal sphenoidal approach with simple muscle packing at the Neurosurgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2014 to February 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 5 males and 6 females, with a median age of 48 years (range: 23 to 75 years). The clinical manifestations included headache in 6 cases, dizziness in 4 cases, hypo-libido in 1 case, disturbance of consciousness in 1 case, visual impairment in 7 cases and mixed pituitary dysfunction in 5 cases. The enlargement of the sellar fossa was seen in the preoperative MRI images. The enhanced MRI images showed that the cyst wall of the intrasellar arachnoid cyst was not enhanced, and the compression and thinning of the sellar base was seen in the CT images. In 9 cases, the cyst extended suprasellar and the sellar septum was "arched". In 7 cases, the cyst compressed the optic chiasm upward. The cyst walls of all patients were incised through the nasal sphenoid approach under the endoscope, and the muscle was packed after sufficient drainage. The postoperative symptoms, pituitary endocrine function and recurrence of patients were followed up. Results: MRI images of the sellar region in all patients showed significant reduction or disappearance of cysts. Intracranial infection occurred in 1 case and electrolyte disorder in 2 cases, which were relieved after symptomatic treatment. No cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea occurred. Postoperative clinical symptoms were completely relieved in 6 cases and partially relieved in 5 cases. Pituitary endocrine function recovered completely in 2 cases and improved significantly in 4 cases. All patients were followed up for 10 to 40 months. One patient found to have a partial recurrence of the cyst 3 months after surgery. Because there were no new symptoms appeared, the follow-up was continued without second operation. Conclusion: Transnasal sphenoidal approach is a feasible method for the treatment of intrasellar arachnoid cyst.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Arachnoid Cysts/surgery , Endoscopy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Muscles , Retrospective Studies , Sella Turcica
18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 607-612, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934904

ABSTRACT

@#Objective  To evaluate the role of surgical resection on synchronous multiple pulmonary nodules identified difficultly in clinics. Methods  The clinical data of 97 patients with synchronous multiple pulmonary nodules who received surgical resection between 2012 and 2019 in Hunan Cancer Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 72 males and 25 females, aged 58.1卤9.0 years. Among these patients, there were 78 patients with ipsilateral and 19 patients with bilateral pulmonary nodules. Clinicopathological parameters between main nodules and secondary nodules were evaluated. Perioperative morbidity was also assessed. Results  The operation was successfully completed on all patients for the ipsilateral and bilateral lesions. Totally, 71.1% of mian lesions was mostly removed by lobectomy, and the completion rate of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) was 69.1% (67/97); 80.4% of secondary lesions were mostly removed by wedge resection, and the completion rate of VATS was 71.1% (69/97). The incidence of grade 3 or higher complications after unilateral or bilateral surgery was 12.8% and 5.3%, respectively. Postoperative pathology confirmed that the main lesions were malignant in 65 patients (67.0%), mainly adenocarcinoma (63.1%), of which 43.1%were in the stage Ⅰ; 32 patients were benign, mainly tuberculoma (56.3%). There were 29 patients of malignant secondary lesions, 67 benign, and 1 both benign and malignant; the pathological agreement rate of primary and secondary lesions was 54.6% (lung cancer metastases in the lung and all the benign). When the primary lesion was malignant with its diameters of <3 cm, 3-<5 cm, 5-7 cm, >7 cm, the metastatic rate of secondary lesions was 42.5%, 15.8%, 20.0%, 0, respectively. When the primary lesion was malignant with lymph node metastasis, the probability of the secondary lesion being a metastatic tumor was higher than that without lymph node metastasis (46.7% vs. 30.0%, P>0.05). When the primary lesion was malignant and the primary and secondary lesions were located in the same lobe, the secondary lesions were more likely to metastasize (54.5%), while when they were located on different lobes on the same side or different sides, the secondary lesions were more likely to be benign (58.1%, 72.7%), and the possibility of metastasis was small ( 32.6%, 9.1%). When the primary lesion was benign and clinical differential diagnosis was difficult, the secondary lesion was benign. Conclusion    For synchronous multiple pulmonary nodules, the diameter of the primary lesion is large, the metastatic rate of secondary lesions tends to decrease. In ipsilateral synchronous multiple pulmonary nodules, especially with node metastasis, the risk of metastatic nodule increases. Bilateral surgical resection does not significantly increase the perioperative morbidity.

19.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 99-102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the familial inheritances, clinical features, treatments and outcomes of familial Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM) patients.Methods:The clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, diagnosis and treatments, and follow-up data of 6 familial WM patients who were admitted to Yancheng No.1 People's Hospital from June 2002 to July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, and the literature was reviewed.Results:Among 6 WM patients, 4 patients had dizziness and fatigue at the onset, 1 patient had recurrent low-grade fever and abnormal sweating as the first manifestations, 1 patient was hospitalized due to pulmonary infection, and WM was found later. Two brothers of the patients were diagnosed with WM, another 2 brothers of the patients had IgM-type monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) during the physical examination. All the 6 patients were middle-aged/elderly men, with a median age of 63 years old (51-70 years old). The median follow-up time were 71.5 months (4-217 months), and by the end of the follow-up (June 2020), 2 cases died of pulmonary infection, and 1 of them developed acute myeloid leukemia; the other 4 cases were in regular chemotherapy. Two IgM-MGUS patients were followed up without symptoms.Conclusions:WM patients have familial aggregation, and their clinical manifestations are highly heterogeneous. Patients with family history may have poor prognosis. It is necessary to strengthen the awareness of WM and family history screening.

20.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 246-256, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925614

ABSTRACT

The present study focused on the potential mechanism of betulin (BT), a pentacyclic triterpenoid isolated from the bark of white birch (Betula pubescens), against chronic alcohol-induced lipid accumulation and metaflammation. AML-12 and RAW 264.7 cells were administered ethanol (EtOH), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or BT. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed Lieber-DeCarli liquid diets containing 5% EtOH for 4 weeks, followed by single EtOH gavage on the last day and simultaneous treatment with BT (20 or 50 mg/ kg) by oral gavage once per day. In vitro, MTT showed that 0-25 mM EtOH and 0-25 μM BT had no toxic effect on AML-12 cells. BT could regulate sterolregulatory-element-binding protein 1 (SREBP1), lipin1/2, P2X7 receptor (P2X7r) and NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) expressions again EtOH-stimulation. Oil Red O staining also indicated that BT significantly reduced lipid accumulation in EtOH-stimulated AML-12 cells. Lipin1/2 deficiency indicated that BT might mediate lipin1/2 to regulate SREBP1 and P2X7r expression and further alleviate lipid accumulation and inflammation. In vivo, BT significantly alleviated histopathological changes, reduced serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and triglyceride (TG) levels, and regulated lipin1/2, SREBP1, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor α/γ (PPARα/γ) and PGC-1α expression compared with the EtOH group. BT reduced the secretion of inflammatory factors and blocked the P2X7rNLRP3 signaling pathway. Collectively, BT attenuated lipid accumulation and metaflammation by regulating the lipin1/2-mediated P2X7r signaling pathway.

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