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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 406-413, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013829

ABSTRACT

As an essential trace element, selenium plays a very important role in antioxidation and maintaining redox homeostasis in various metabolic processes. With the development of nano-technology, selenium nanoparticles ( SeNPs) have become potential biomedical drugs because of their low toxicity, degrad-ability and high bioavailability. With the ability to activate apop-tosis or autophagy by regulating the production of reactive oxygen species ( ROS) , SeNPs are widely used in anticancer therapy and pathogens killing/clearance. In addition, with excellent stability and drug encapsulation capacity, SeNPs are serving as a kind of effective nano-carriers for anti-cancer and anti-infection treatments. Interestingly, the important role of SeNPs in immune regulation ( such as the activation of macrophages and T effector cells) provides a new possibilities to achieve nano-immune syn-ergetic treatment strategy for anti-cancer and anti-infection thera¬pies. In this paper, we review the latest progress of the prepara¬tion methods and safety for SeNPs, followed by the advances of anti-infection, anti-cancer effects and its mechanisms, which would be helpful for promoting the pace of clinical research and application. In addition, we also summarize the functions of SeNPs in other aspects, so as to provide beneficial assistance for facilitating its scientific and clinical research.

2.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 51-51, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010706

ABSTRACT

Periodontitis is caused by overactive osteoclast activity that results in the loss of periodontal supporting tissue and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are essential for periodontal regeneration. However, the hypoxic periodontal microenvironment during periodontitis induces the apoptosis of MSCs. Apoptotic bodies (ABs) are the major product of apoptotic cells and have been attracting increased attention as potential mediators for periodontitis treatment, thus we investigated the effects of ABs derived from MSCs on periodontitis. MSCs were derived from bone marrows of mice and were cultured under hypoxic conditions for 72 h, after which ABs were isolated from the culture supernatant using a multi-filtration system. The results demonstrate that ABs derived from MSCs inhibited osteoclast differentiation and alveolar bone resorption. miRNA array analysis showed that miR-223-3p is highly enriched in those ABs and is critical for their therapeutic effects. Targetscan and luciferase activity results confirmed that Itgb1 is targeted by miR-223-3p, which interferes with the function of osteoclasts. Additionally, DC-STAMP is a key regulator that mediates membrane infusion. ABs and pre-osteoclasts expressed high levels of DC-STAMP on their membranes, which mediates the engulfment of ABs by pre-osteoclasts. ABs with knock-down of DC-STAMP failed to be engulfed by pre-osteoclasts. Collectively, MSC-derived ABs are targeted to be engulfed by pre-osteoclasts via DC-STAMP, which rescued alveolar bone loss by transferring miR-223-3p to osteoclasts, which in turn led to the attenuation of their differentiation and bone resorption. These results suggest that MSC-derived ABs are promising therapeutic agents for the treatment of periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoclasts , Alveolar Bone Loss/therapy , Cell Differentiation , MicroRNAs , Periodontitis/therapy , Extracellular Vesicles , Apoptosis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2351-2361, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007550

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Long non-coding RNA colon cancer-associated transcript 1 (CCAT1) is involved in transforming multiple cancers into malignant cancer types. Previous studies underlining the mechanisms of the functions of CCAT1 primarily focused on its decoy for miRNAs (micro RNAs). However, the regulatory mechanism of CCAT1-protein interaction associated with tumor metastasis is still largely unknown. The present study aimed to identify proteome-wide CCAT1 partners and explored the CCAT1-protein interaction mediated tumor metastasis.@*METHODS@#CCAT1-proteins complexes were purified and identified using RNA antisense purification coupled with the mass spectrometry (RAP-MS) method. The database for annotation, visualization, and integrated discovery and database for eukaryotic RNA binding proteins (EuRBPDB) websites were used to bioinformatic analyzing CCAT1 binding proteins. RNA pull-down and RNA immunoprecipitation were used to validate CCAT1-Vimentin interaction. Transwell assay was used to evaluate the migration and invasion abilities of HeLa cells.@*RESULTS@#RAP-MS method worked well by culturing cells with nucleoside analog 4-thiouridine, and cross-linking was performed using 365 nm wavelength ultraviolet. There were 631 proteins identified, out of which about 60% were RNA binding proteins recorded by the EuRBPDB database. Vimentin was one of the CCAT1 binding proteins and participated in the tumor metastasis pathway. Knocked down vimetin ( VIM ) and rescued the downregulation by overexpressing CCAT1 demonstrated that CCAT1 could enhance tumor migration and invasion abilities by stabilizing Vimentin protein.@*CONCLUSION@#CCAT1 may bind with and stabilize Vimentin protein, thus enhancing cancer cell migration and invasion abilities.


Subject(s)
Humans , HeLa Cells , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Vimentin/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Colonic Neoplasms/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2053-2069, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981189

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the petroleum-based plastic pollution problem has been causing global attention. The idea of "degradation and up-cycling of plastics" was proposed for solving the environmental pollution caused by non-degradable plastics. Following this idea, plastics would be firstly degraded and then reconstructed. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) can be produced from the degraded plastic monomers as a choice to recycle among various plastics. PHA, a family of biopolyesters synthesized by many microbes, have attracted great interest in industrial, agricultural and medical sectors due to its biodegradability, biocompatibility, thermoplasticity and carbon neutrality. Moreover, the regulations on PHA monomer compositions, processing technology, and modification methods may further improve the material properties, making PHA a promising alternative to traditional plastics. Furthermore, the application of the "next-generation industrial biotechnology (NGIB)" utilizing extremophiles for PHA production is expected to enhance the PHA market competitiveness, promoting this environmentally friendly bio-based material to partially replace petroleum-based products, and achieve sustainable development with carbon-neutrality. This review summarizes the basic material properties, plastic upcycling via PHA biosynthesis, processing and modification methods of PHA, and biosynthesis of novel PHA.


Subject(s)
Polyhydroxyalkanoates , Plastics , Biotechnology , Petroleum , Carbon
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5294-5303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008727

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to investigate the effects and mechanisms of adipose-derived stem cells-exosomes(ADSCs-exos) toge-ther with aucubin in protecting human-derived nucleus pulposus cells(NPCs) from inflammatory injury, senescence, and apoptosis. The tert-butyl hydroperoxide(TBHP)-induced NPCs were assigned into normal, model, aucubin, ADSCs-exos, and aucubin+ADSCs-exos groups. The cell viability was examined by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8), cell proliferation by EdU staining, cell senescence by senescence-associated-β-galactosidase(SA-β-Gal), and cell cycle and apoptosis by flow cytometry. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to examine the expression of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α). Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot were employed to determine the mRNA and protein levels of aggregated proteoglycan(aggrecan), type Ⅱ collagen alpha 1(COL2A1), Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4), and nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB). The results showed that compared with the model group, the aucubin or ADSCs-exos group showed enhanced viability and proliferation of NPCs, decreased proportion of G_0/G_1 phase cells, increased proportion of S phase cells, reduced apoptosis and proportion of cells in senescence, lowered IL-1β and TNF-α levels, elevated IL-10 level, down-regulated mRNA and protein levels of TLR4 and NF-κB, and up-regulated mRNA and protein levels of aggrecan and COL2A1. Compared with the aucubin or ADSCs-exos group, the aucubin+ADSCs-exos combination further increased the viability and proliferation of NPCs, decreased the proportion of G_0/G_1 phase cells, increased the proportion of S phase cells, reduced the apoptosis and proportion of cells in senescence, lowered the IL-1β and TNF-α levels, elevated the IL-10 level, down-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of TLR4 and NF-κB, and up-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of aggrecan and COL2A1. In summary, both aucubin and ADSCs-exos could exert protective effects by inhibiting inflammatory responses, reducing apoptosis and senescence of NPCs, improving cell viability and proliferation as well as extracellular matrix synthesis, which may be associated with the inhibition of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway activation. The combination of both plays a synergistic role in the protective effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Interleukin-10 , Nucleus Pulposus/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Aggrecans/metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 1099-1110, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010309

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the involvement of endothelial cells (ECs)-derived exosomes in the anti-apoptotic effect of Danhong Injection (DHI) and the mechanism of DHI-induced exosomal protection against postinfarction myocardial apoptosis.@*METHODS@#A mouse permanent myocardial infarction (MI) model was established, followed by a 14-day daily treatment with DHI, DHI plus GW4869 (an exosomal inhibitor), or saline. Phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)-induced ECs-derived exosomes were isolated, analyzed by miRNA microarray and validated by droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR). The exosomes induced by DHI (DHI-exo), PBS (PBS-exo), or DHI+GW4869 (GW-exo) were isolated and injected into the peri-infarct zone following MI. The protective effects of DHI and DHI-exo on MI hearts were measured by echocardiography, Masson's trichrome staining, and TUNEL apoptosis assay. The Western blotting and quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) were used to evaluate the expression levels of miR-125b/p53-mediated pathway components, including miR-125b, p53, Bak, Bax, and caspase-3 activities.@*RESULTS@#DHI significantly improved cardiac function and reduced infarct size in MI mice (P<0.01), which was abolished by the GW4869 intervention. DHI promoted the exosomal secretion in ECs (P<0.01). According to the results of exosomal miRNA microarray assay, 30 differentially expressed miRNAs in the DHI-exo were identified (28 up-regulated miRNAs and 2 down-regulated miRNAs). Among them, DHI significantly elevated miR-125b level in DHI-exo and DHI-treated ECs, a recognized apoptotic inhibitor impeding p53 signaling (P<0.05). Remarkably, treatment with DHI and DHI-exo attenuated apoptosis, elevated miR-125b expression level, inhibited capsase-3 activity, and down-regulated the expression levels of proapoptotic effectors (p53, Bak, and Bax) in post-MI hearts, whereas these effects were blocked by GW4869 (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#DHI and DHI-induced exosomes inhibited apoptosis, promoted the miR-125b expression level, and regulated the p53 apoptotic pathway in post-infarction myocardium.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Exosomes/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Myocardium/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Apoptosis , MicroRNAs/metabolism
7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 638-642, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prevalence, risk factors, duration and outcome of delirium in intensive care unit (ICU) patients.@*METHODS@#A prospective observational study was conducted for critically ill patients admitted to the department of critical care medicine, the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from September to November 2021. Delirium assessments were performed twice daily using the Richmond agitation-sedation scale (RASS) and confusion assessment method of ICU (CAM-ICU) for patients who met the inclusions and exclusion criteria. Patient's age, gender, body mass index (BMI), underlying disease, acute physiologic assessment and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) at ICU admission, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) at ICU admission, oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2), diagnosis, type of delirium, duration of delirium, outcome, etc. were recorded. Patients were divided into delirium and non-delirium groups according to whether delirium occurred during the study period. The clinical characteristics of the patients in the two groups were compared, and risk factors for the development of delirium were screened using univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 347 ICU patients were included, and delirium occurred in 57.6% (200/347) patients. The most common type was hypoactive delirium (73.0% of the total). Univariate analysis showed statistically significant differences in age, APACHE score and SOFA score at ICU admission, history of smoking, hypertension, history of cerebral infarction, immunosuppression, neurological disease, sepsis, shock, glucose (Glu), PaO2/FiO2 at ICU admission, length of ICU stay, and duration of mechanical ventilation between the two groups. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age [odds ratio (OR) = 1.045, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.027-1.063, P < 0.001], APACHE score at ICU admission (OR = 1.049, 95%CI was 1.008-1.091, P = 0.018), neurological disease (OR = 5.275, 95%CI was 1.825-15.248, P = 0.002), sepsis (OR = 1.941, 95%CI was 1.117-3.374, P = 0.019), and duration of mechanical ventilation (OR = 1.005, 95%CI was 1.001-1.009, P = 0.012) were all independent risk factors for the development of delirium in ICU patients. The median duration of delirium in ICU patients was 2 (1, 3) days. Delirium was still present in 52% patients when they discharged from the ICU.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence of delirium in ICU patients is over 50%, with hypoactive delirium being the most common. Age, APACHE score at ICU admission, neurological disease, sepsis and duration of mechanical ventilation were all independent risk factors for the development of delirium in ICU patients. More than half of patients with delirium were still delirious when they discharged from the ICU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prevalence , Critical Care , Risk Factors , Sepsis , Intensive Care Units
8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 747-752, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985467

ABSTRACT

From January 2019 to December 2021, overweight and obese children who visited in health outpatient Center of Hunan Children's Hospital were studied to explore and analyze the rate, related factors and patterns of multimorbidity of overweight and obesity-related diseases in children in Hunan Province. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the multimorbidity-related factors of overweight and obesity-related diseases in children. Association rules (apriori algorithm) were used to explore the multimorbidity patterns of overweight and obesity-related diseases in children. A total of 725 overweight and obese children were included in this study. The multimorbidity rate of overweight and obesity-related diseases in children was 46.07% (334/725). Age, waist circumference, the frequency of food consumption such as hamburgers and fries and adding meals before bedtime were multimorbidity-related factors of overweight and obesity-related diseases in children. The multimorbidity associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was relatively common. The patterns with the top three support degrees were "NAFLD+dyslipidemia","NAFLD+hypertension" and "NAFLD+hyperuricemia". The patterns with the top three confidence and elevation degrees were "Hypertension+dyslipidemia => NAFLD","Hyperuricemia => NAFLD" and "NAFLD+hypertension => dyslipidemia".


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Overweight/complications , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology , Hyperuricemia , Multimorbidity , Hypertension/epidemiology , Dyslipidemias , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 408-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984637

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous iron supplementation in patients with recurrent iron deficiency anemia (IDA) . Methods: This retrospective analysis of 90 patients with recurrent IDA from May 2012 to December 2021 was conducted, comparing the efficacy and safety of the intravenous iron therapy group and the oral iron therapy group. Results: Among the 90 patients with recurrent IDA, 20 were males and 70 were females, with a median age of 40 (range: 14-85) years. A total of 60 patients received intravenous iron supplementation and 30 received oral iron supplementation. The hematologic response rates in the intravenous iron group were significantly higher than those in the oral iron group at 4 and 8 weeks after treatment [80.0% (48/60) vs 3.3% (1/30) and 96.7% (58/60) vs 46.7% (14/30), all P<0.001, respectively]. The median increase in hemoglobin levels was also significantly higher in the intravenous iron group than in the oral iron group [38 (4, 66) g/L vs 7 (1, 22) g/L at week 4 and 44.5 (18, 80) g/L vs 19 (3, 53) g/L at week 8, all P<0.001]. The intravenous iron group had a significantly higher proportion of patients who achieved normal hemoglobin levels than the oral iron group (55.0% vs 0 and 90% vs 43.3%, all P<0.001, respectively). Iron metabolism indicators were tested before and after 8 weeks of treatment in 26 and 7 patients in the intravenous and oral iron groups, respectively. The median increase in serum ferritin (SF) levels in the intravenous iron group 8 weeks after treatment was 113.7 (49.7, 413.5) μg/L, and 54% (14/26) of these patients had SF levels of ≥100 μg/L, which was significantly higher than the median increase in SF levels in the oral iron group [14.0 (5.8, 84.2) μg/L, t=4.760, P<0.001] and the proportion of patients with SF levels of ≥100 μg/L (P=0.013). The incidence of adverse reactions was 3.3% (2/60) in the intravenous iron group, which was significantly lower than that in the oral iron group [20.0% (6/30), P=0.015]. Conclusion: Intravenous iron supplementation is more effective for hematologic response, faster hemoglobin increase, and higher iron storage replenishment rates compared with oral iron supplementation in patients with recurrent IDA, and it is well tolerated by patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Sucrose/therapeutic use , Ferric Compounds/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Iron/therapeutic use , Hemoglobins/therapeutic use
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 316-320, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984621

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report gene mutations in nine patients with hereditary elliptocytosis (HE) and analyze the characteristics of pathogenic gene mutations in HE. Methods: The clinical and gene mutations of nine patients clinically diagnosed with HE at Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital from June 2018 to February 2022 were reported and verified by next-generation sequencing to analyze the relationship between gene mutations and clinical phenotypes. Results: Erythrocyte membrane protein gene mutations were detected among nine patients with HE, including six with SPTA1 mutation, one with SPTB mutation, one with EPB41 mutation, and one with chromosome 20 copy deletion. A total of 11 gene mutation sites were involved, including 6 known mutations and 5 novel mutations. The five novel mutations included SPTA1: c.1247A>C (p. K416T) in exon 9, c.1891delG (p. A631fs*17) in exon 15, E6-E12 Del; SPTB: c.154C>T (p. R52W) ; and EPB41: c.1636A>G (p. I546V) . Three of the six patients with the SPTA1 mutation were SPTA1 exon 9 mutation. Conclusion: SPTA1 is the most common mutant gene in patients with HE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Elliptocytosis, Hereditary/metabolism , Erythrocyte Membrane/metabolism , Exons , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Spherocytosis, Hereditary/metabolism
11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1008-1011, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992413

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of dual drug regimen in the treatment of Hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome with upper gastrointestinal bleeding.Methods:Sixty patients with hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and upper gastrointestinal bleeding admitted to the Eighth Medical Center of the 301 Hospital from January 2020 to January 2022 were selected as the research objects. They were randomly divided into the control group (30 cases) and the observation group (30 cases). They were treated with omeprazole and omeprazole combined with octreotide respectively for 72 hours. The clinical efficacy, hemostasis time, hospital stay, hemoglobin, serum glucagon levels, adverse reactions and rebleeding rate were compared between the two groups.Results:The total effective rate of clinical treatment in the observation group was 93.33%(28/30), significantly better than 76.67%(23/30) in the control group, with a statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). The hemostasis time and hospitalization time in the observation group were significantly shorter than those in the control group (all P<0.05). After treatment, the hemoglobin level in both groups was higher than that before treatment, and the serum glucagon level was lower than that before treatment, the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05); After treatment, the hemoglobin level in the observation group was higher than that in the control group, and the serum glucagon level was lower than that in the control group (all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups (all P>0.05). The 48 hour rebleeding rate in the observation group was 3.33%(1/30), lower than the 26.67%(8/30) in the control group, with a statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The dual drug regimen for Hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome with upper gastrointestinal bleeding can effectively control the bleeding symptoms, improve the hemostasis effect, lower the serum glucagon level, reduce the risk of rebleeding, and its safety is worthy of recognition.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 66-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991980

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the factors influencing pulmonary infections in elderly neurocritical patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to explore the predictive value of risk factors for pulmonary infections.Methods:The clinical data of 713 elderly neurocritical patients [age ≥ 65 years, Glasgow coma score (GCS) ≤ 12 points] admitted to the department of critical care medicine of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether or not they had HAP, the elderly neurocritical patients were divided into hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) group and non-HAP group. The differences in baseline data, medication and treatment, and outcome indicators between the two groups were compared. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the factors influencing the occurrence of pulmonary infection.The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted for risk factors and a predictive model was constructed to evaluate the predictive value for pulmonary infection.Results:A total of 341 patients were enrolled in the analysis, including 164 non-HAP patients and 177 HAP patients. The incidence of HAP was 51.91%. According to univariate analysis, compared with the non-HAP group, mechanical ventilation time, the length of ICU stay and total hospitalization in the HAP group were significantly longer [mechanical ventilation time (hours): 171.00 (95.00, 273.00) vs. 60.17 (24.50, 120.75), the length of ICU stay (hours): 263.50 (160.00, 409.00) vs. 114.00 (77.05, 187.50), total hospitalization (days): 29.00 (13.50, 39.50) vs. 27.00 (11.00, 29.50), all P < 0.01], the proportion of open airway, diabetes, proton pump inhibitor (PPI), sedative, blood transfusion, glucocorticoids, and GCS ≤ 8 points were significantly increased than those in HAP group [open airway: 95.5% vs. 71.3%, diabetes: 42.9% vs. 21.3%, PPI: 76.3% vs. 63.4%, sedative: 93.8% vs. 78.7%, blood transfusion: 57.1% vs. 29.9%, glucocorticoids: 19.2% vs. 4.3%, GCS ≤ 8 points: 83.6% vs. 57.9%, all P < 0.05], prealbumin (PA) and lymphocyte count (LYM) decreased significantly [PA (g/L): 125.28±47.46 vs. 158.57±54.12, LYM (×10 9/L): 0.79 (0.52, 1.23) vs. 1.05 (0.66, 1.57), both P < 0.01]. Logistic regression analysis showed that open airway, diabetes, blood transfusion, glucocorticoids and GCS ≤ 8 points were independent risk factors for pulmonary infection in elderly neurocritical patients [open airway: odds ratio ( OR) = 6.522, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 2.369-17.961; diabetes: OR = 3.917, 95% CI was 2.099-7.309; blood transfusion: OR = 2.730, 95% CI was 1.526-4.883; glucocorticoids: OR = 6.609, 95% CI was 2.273-19.215; GCS ≤ 8 points: OR = 4.191, 95% CI was 2.198-7.991, all P < 0.01], and LYM, PA were the protective factors for pulmonary infection in elderly neurocritical patients (LYM: OR = 0.508, 95% CI was 0.345-0.748; PA: OR = 0.988, 95% CI was 0.982-0.994, both P < 0.01). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) for predicting HAP using the above risk factors was 0.812 (95% CI was 0.767-0.857, P < 0.001), with a sensitivity of 72.3% and a specificity of 78.7%. Conclusions:Open airway, diabetes, glucocorticoids, blood transfusion, GCS ≤ 8 points are independent risk factors for pulmonary infection in elderly neurocritical patients. The prediction model constructed by the above mentioned risk factors has certain predictive value for the occurrence of pulmonary infection in elderly neurocritical patients.

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1639-1646, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013984

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the mechanism of the effect of mangiferin on obesity complicated with type 2 diabetes mellitus in MKR transgenic mice. Methods MKR mice were randomly divided into model group,metformin group(0.11 g·kg-1),mangiferin low-dose group(25 mg·kg-1),mangiferin medium-dose group(50 mg·kg-1),and mangiferin high-dose group(100 mg·kg-1); FVB/N mice of the same age were used as control group. The mice were given intragastric administration for five weeks,the body weight and fasting glucose of mice were measured every week,the oral glucose tolerance(OGTT)was detected on 30th day of administration,and the insulin tolerance(ITT)was detected on 33rd day,and serum metabolic indexes were detected after administration. HE staining,oil-red O staining and Masson staining were used to observe the changes of liver morphology in mice. HE staining was used to observe the changes of fat morphology in mice. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression changes of TNF-α,IL-6,IL-1β in adipose tissues. Results High-dose mangiferin significantly reduced body weight,decreased fasting blood glucose,increased insulin content,and improved OGTT and ITT; it decreased serum triglyceride,alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels; it also decreased the expression of serum IL-6 and TNF-α; it significantly reduced the expression of inflammatory factors in adipose tissues. Conclusions Mangiferin has therapeutic effects on obese MKR mice with type 2 diabetes,which is related to reducing the inflammatory response in adipose tissues.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 481-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976115

ABSTRACT

@#Objective - To analyze the prevalence and influencing factors of work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) Methods among painters in the manufacturing industry. A total of 639 painters from one shipbuilding enterprise, one automobile manufacturing enterprise and three wooden furniture manufacturing enterprises in Guangdong Province were selected as the research subjects using typical sampling method. The Chinese version of Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire was Results used to investigate the prevalence of WMSDs in the past one year, and the influencing factors were analyzed. The total prevalence rate of WMSDs among painters in the manufacturing industry was 37.4%. The prevalence of WMSDs in different vs vs P industries from high to low was shipbuilding, automobile and furniture manufacturing (50.0% 38.7% 29.0%, <0.01). The prevalence of WMSDs in different parts of the body from high to low was neck, ankle/foot, shoulder, low back, upper back, knee, vs vs vs vs vs vs vs vs P hand/wrist, hip/leg and elbow (20.7% 19.2% 17.4% 15.8% 14.1% 13.8% 13.5% 9.5% 6.6%, <0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that working in uncomfortable postures was a risk factor for neck, ankle/ P P foot and shoulder WMSDs (all <0.01); long time head turning was a risk factor for neck and shoulder WMSDs (both <0.05); P overweight and obesity, and bending and turning frequently at the same time were risk factors for ankle/foot WMSDs (all <0.05); P adequate rest time was a protective factor for neck and ankle/foot WMSDs (both <0.01); participated in physical exercise more P than once a week was a protective factor of neck and shoulder WMSDs in painters (all <0.05), after excluding the influence of Conclusion confounding factors. The prevalence of WMSDs in manufacturing painters was high, and the main body parts E mail 4813545@qq.com E mail wangzhongxu2003@163.com· · 中国职业医学 年 月第 卷第 期 , , , 482 2022 10 49 5 Chin Occup Med October 2022 Vol.49 No.5 involved were neck, ankle/foot and shoulder. The influencing factors include individual factors, poor ergonomics factors and unreasonable work organization.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 384-388, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923547

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To compare the effects of Flexi-bar training in different exercise patterns on trunk stability muscles.Methods From June, 2020 to January, 2021, 21 healthy men in Beijing Bo'ai Hospital finished Flexi-bar exercise in seven patterns in random order, namely no vibration, two hands-front vibration, dominant hand-front vibration, non dominant hand-front vibration, two hands-up vibration, two hands-down vibration and two hands-back vibration. The average voltage of electromyography of upper trapezius, middle trapezius, lower trapezius, latissimus dorsi and lumbar multifidus were recorded with surface electromyography during seven kinds of Flexi-bar exercise.Results The average voltage of lumbar multifidus was the most as two hands-front vibration (F=42.362, P<0.001); however, it was the most for upper trapezius and lower trapezius as two hands-up vibration (F > 10.935, P<0.001), it was the most for latissimus dorsi as two hands-back vibration (F=35.243, P<0.001), and it was the most for ipsilateral middle trapezius as non dominant hand-front vibration (F=40.400, P<0.001).Conclusion Flexi-bar training can effectively activate the contraction of trunk stability muscles, and it can be optimized in targeted patterns.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 175-182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923511

ABSTRACT

@#With potent biological activities, cellular growth factors are polypeptide factors that primarily stimulate cell growth and proliferation. They participate in the regulation of not only normal physiological functions such as human embryonic development and cell growth, but also neurorehabilitation and neuroplasticity in pathological processes such as nerve injury and recovery. Specifically, cellular growth factors have been shown to promote neuron survival, facilitate nerve regeneration and regulate synaptic plasticity, promote cell differentiation/vascular regeneration and modulate the microenvironment, promote nerve fiber myelination and improve nerve conduction. This review summarized current knowledge on the roles and various growth factors in neurorehabilitation and neuroplasticity, providing an update on potential clinical application of cellular growth factors in the field of neural rehabilitation.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 433-436, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927986

ABSTRACT

The genus Rabdosia is famous for the abundance of diverse and novel ent-kaurane diterpenoids. However, only a few ent-kauranoids have been discovered from R. flexicaulis since the investigation on its chemical constituents is not systematic. To find novel bioactive diterpenoids, the ethyl acetate extract of the above ground part of R. flexicaulis in Daofu County, Sichuan Province was obtained by column chromatography. One new compound and five known ones were identified as flexicaulin E(1), forrestin B(2), inf-lexarabdonin D(3), 7α-hydroxydehydroabietic acid(4), 15-hydroxydehydroabietic acid(5), and pomiferin F(6) by spectral techniques. Compounds 1-3 were the ent-kaurane diterpenoids isolated from this species for the first time. Compounds 4-6, aromatic abie-tanoids, were isolated from the genus Rabdosia for the first time.


Subject(s)
Diterpenes , Diterpenes, Kaurane , Isodon/chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Extracts/chemistry
18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 119-124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940628

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Qingfei Jiangmai decoction (QJD) on the content of mercapturic acids in urine in healthy people amid PM2.5 (particles 2.5 microns or less in size) pollution. MethodA total of 84 healthy students of 18-30 years old in Beijing were recruited and they were randomized into the test group (42 in total, with 1 dropout) and control group (42 in total, with 3 dropouts). During the pollution, the test group and the control group respectively took QJD granules and placebo for 7 days (1 bag/time, 2 times/day), and another 7-day intervention with the same drugs was performed at an interval of 4 weeks. The time-activity patterns were recorded during the intervention. On-line solid phase extraction-liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (SPE-LC-MS/MS) was performed to detect the content of PM2.5-related metabolites S-phenylmercapturic acid (SPMA), 3-hydroxypropylmercapturic acid (3-HPMA), 3-hydroxy-1-methylpropylmercapturic acid (HMPMA), N-acetyl-S-(2-nitrile ethyl)-L-cysteine (CEMA), and N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxy ethyl)-L-cysteine (HEMA) in urine before and after intervention. Statistical analysis was followed. ResultThe content of CEMA, HEMA, 3-HPMA, and HMPMA in the test group was all higher after the intervention than before the intervention, with the significant difference in HEMA (P<0.05). After intervention, content of HEMA and SPMA was significantly higher in the test group than in the control group (P<0.05), and the difference in HEMA (Z=-3.614, P<0.01) and HMPMA (Z=-1.988, P<0.05) before and after invention in the test group was significantly larger than that in the control group. After the intervention, HEMA in the test group was significantly higher than that in the control group (F=7.597, P<0.01). ConclusionDuring PM2.5 pollution, QJD can increase the excretion of HEMA, a metabolite of ethylene oxide, in the urine of healthy people in Beijing, and enhance the detoxification process of toxic components in PM2.5, which is of great value in preventing and treating haze-related illnesses.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 197-210, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940501

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo systematically evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of Chinese medicinal injection (CMI) in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris (UAP). MethodEight databases, i.e., China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),VIP,Wanfang Data,CBM,PubMed,EMBASE,The Cochrane Library,and Web of Science were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCT) of conventional treatment combined with CMI (treatment group) versus conventional treatment (CT)(control group)in the treatment of UAP published from database inception to March 31th 2021. Stata 16.0 was used for network Meta-analysis. ResultThirty-nine RCT involving 3 407 patients were included. As revealed by the results of network Meta-analysis, in terms of the total effective rate in angina pectoris improvement, the therapeutic protocols were ranked as Tanreqing injection(TRQI)+CT>Xiangdan injection(XDI)+CT>Ciwujia injection(CWJI)+CT=Shengmai injection(SMI)+CT>Xuesaitong injection(XSTS)+CT>Breviscapine injection(BI)+CT>Shuxuetong injection(SXTI)+CT>Kudiezi injection(KDZI)+CT>Shuxuening injection(SXNI)+CT>Danshen injection (DSI)+CT>Guanxinning injection(GXNI)+CT>Dengzhanxixin injection(DZXXI)+CT>Xueshuantong injection(XSTI)+CT>Gualoupi injection(GLPI)+CT>CT;for the total effective rate in ECG improvement, SXTI+CT>XDI+CT>TRQI+CT>CWJI+CT>XSTI+CT>BI+CT>XSTI+CT>SXNI+CT>GXNI+CT>KDZI+CT>DZXXI+CT>GLPI+CT>CT>SMI+CT;for the adverse reactions, DZXXI+CT>XDI+CT>DSI+CT>BI+CT>SMI+CT>SXNI+CT>CT>GLPI+CT>GXNI+CT>SXTI+CT>KDZI+CT>CWJI+CT;for the reduction of fibrinogen (FIB), BI+CT>SXTI+CT>XSTI+CT>CT>KDZI+CT;for the reduction of C-reactive protein (CRP), DSI+CT>DZXXI+CT>XSTI+CT>CT;for the reduction of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), SXNI+CT>KDZI+CT>SXTI+CT>DZXXI+CT>GLPI+CT>TRQI+CT>XSTI+CT>CT. The results of subgroup analyses were consistent with those of the overall Meta-analysis. ConclusionCMI combined with CT can improve angina pectoris and ECG,reduce adverse reactions,and also improve FIB,CRP,and hs-CRP to varying degrees. However,due to the differences in the quality and quantity of CMIs in RCTs,clinical application should be performed based on the specific conditions.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 935-942, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956610

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effects of minimally invasive reduction through a bone tunnel combined with Jail screwing and those of posterolateral locking plating in the treatment of simple posterolateral tibial plateau fractures.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the data of 48 patients who had been operatively treated and completely followed up at Department of Orthopedics, Suqian Hospital of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Group for simple posterolateral tibial plateau fractures from October 2016 to October 2020. There were 26 males and 22 females, aged from 35 to 68 years. They were divided into a minimally invasive group (25 cases subjected to minimally invasive reduction through a bone tunnel combined with Jail screwing) and an incision group (23 cases subjected to posterolateral locking plating) according to their surgical methods. The operation time, incision length, intraoperative blood loss, fracture healing time, cumulative fluoroscopy time, hospital stay and posterior inclination angles of the tibial plateau and Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee function scores at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after operation were compared between the 2 groups. Complications in the 2 groups of patients were recorded.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability ( P>0.05). The 48 patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months (average 16.5 months). The minimally invasive group was significantly better than the incision group in operation time [(42.6±9.1) min versus (65.7±11.5) min], incision length [(4.0±0.4) cm versus (15.0±1.5) cm], intraoperative blood loss[(22.6±5.8) mL versus (31.5±8.8) mL], hospital stay [(7.6±1.4) d versus (11.1±2.4) d], and HSS score one month after operation [(84.8±1.9) points versus (72.9±4.1) points], but the cumulative fluoroscopy time in the incision group [(4.1±1.4) s]was significantly less than that in the minimally invasive group [(22.3±4.2) s] ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in fracture healing time, HSS scores at 3, 6, 9, or 12 months after operation, or posterior inclination angle of the tibial plateau between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). There were no such complications as wound infection, vascular injury, internal fixation failure, nonunion or malunion of fractures in either of the 2 groups. Two cases in the incision group presented with symptoms of common peroneal nerve injury but recovered 3 months after operation. Conclusions:Although both minimally invasive reduction through a bone tunnel combined with Jail screwing and posterolateral locking plating can achieve satisfactory outcomes in the treatment of simple posterolateral tibial plateau fractures, the minimally invasive technique is preferable because it shows the advantages of a smaller incision, less bleeding, shorter operation time, a lower operation risk, quicker postoperative recovery and shorter hospital stay.

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