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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 831-838, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922900

ABSTRACT

italic>Rehmannia glutinosa belongs to the Scrophulariaceae family with important medicinal value. In order to effectively explore the transcriptome information of R. glutinosa and identify the genes encoding enzymes involved in phenylethanol glycoside (PhGs) biosynthesis, the leaves, stems and tuberous roots of R. glutinosa were used for transcriptome sequencing using Pacific Biosiences RS II platform. A total of 27 773 transcripts were generated with an average length of 2 380 bp, and 27 236 coding sequences (CDS) were predicted. Using BLAST software, non-redundant transcript sequences were annotated with NR, NT, GO, COG, KEGG, SwissProt and Interpro databases and a total of 27 399 annotated genes were obtained. Among them, the number of genes related to Sesamum indicum in the NR database was the highest (81.44%), which is consistent with their evolutionary relationship. Enzymes likely involved in the biosynthesis of isoacteoside, echinacoside, cistanosides A, cistanosides F, 2′-acetylacteoside and leonoside F were identified, and 143 genes were identified in R. glutinosa full-length transcriptome. The expression levels of 19 genes correlated with acteoside content in twelve tissues of R. glutinosa, and most showed higher expression levels in leaf tissues and floral organs. This study provides more reliable transcriptome data for screening R. glutinosa for functional genes and provides a foundation for the study of the molecular mechanisms of PhGs biosynthesis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 655-664, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare Parkinson′s disease with mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) patients in visual event-related delta, theta, alpha event-related band power and phase-locking measures, explore the electrophysiological differences in cognitive impairment between PD-MCI and aMCI patients, so as to provide evidence for the identification of PD-MCI and aMCI.Methods:This study is a cross-sectional study. A total of 30 patients with aMCI (aMCI group) and 50 patients with PD-MCI were recruited from memory outpatient clinic and movement disorders outpatient clinic in Dalian Friendship Hospital between January 2020 and October 2020, and 28 age-, gender- and education-matched cognitively normal healthy control participants (normal control group) from medical center of the hospital served the controls. Among the 50 patients with PD-MCI, 25 patients who received dopaminergic medication and benefited from it were assigned to PD-MCI (A) group, and 25 patients who did not receive dopaminergic medication were assigned to PD-MCI (B) group. A comprehensive neuropsychological test was conducted on all participants, using visual event-related delta, theta, alpha oscillatory responses by methods of event-related spectral perturbation and inter-trial coherence and recording the electroencephalogram activity. Time-frequency analysis was performed to obtain power enhancement and phase-locking in delta, theta and alpha frequency bands, and the electrophysiological differences among each group were analyzed. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for statistical analysis of demographic information and neuropsychological data. Mixed ANOVA was used for electrophysiological data analyses. Post-hoc analysis was performed by Bonferroni method.Results:The lowest power (compared with the aMCI group, P<0.05; compared with the normal control group, P<0.05) and phase-locking values (compared with the aMCI group, P<0.05; compared with the normal control group, P<0.05) were found in the PD-MCI (A) and PD-MCI (B) groups in all frequency bands over all locations. The PD-MCI (A) and PD-MCI (B) groups ( P<0.01) and the aMCI group ( P<0.05) commonly shared a decreased theta power, but all electrophysiological deviations from the normal controls were more prominent in the PD-MCI (A) and PD-MCI (B) groups than the aMCI group in all frequency bands ( P<0.05). Additionally, phase-locking in all studied frequency bands was decreased only in the PD-MCI (A) and PD-MCI (B) groups (compared with the aMCI group, P<0.05; compared with the normal control group, P<0.05), but preserved in the aMCI group. Conclusions:These findings indicate that visual networks in the PD-MCI patients are more severely affected than the aMCI patients. Reduced phase-locking in the PD-MCI patients may be related to dysfunctioning of subcortical modulating centers that play a role in the generation of event-related responses.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911700

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status quo of the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in primary care health institutions in Miyun District of Beijing.Methods:The Measures to Improve Medical Services in Primary Medical and Health Institutions was issued by Beijing Municipal Health Commission in June 2019. In August 2020, a survey on COPD management status after the measures was conducted with self-designed questionnaire among 19 community health service centers and 61 general practitioners (GPs) from 4 centers in Miyun District of Beijing. Two questionnaires were used for the survey: one was on the status of medical institutions (institution questionnaire, filled by the person in charge of the center) and other was on COPD knowledge of general practitioners (doctor questionnaire, filled by selected GPs). Results:For health institution, 19 valid questionnaires were collected. Among them, 12 centers were equipped with lung function examination equipment after reform; 17 centers were equipped with inhaled corticosteroids/long acting β 2 receptor agonists (ICS/LABA); 12 centers carried out the contract management of family doctors for COPD; 267 patients signed the contract, 7 centers followed up the signed patients at least twice a year; 13 centers referred patients to Miyun District Hospital with 2 024 referrals per year. For GPs, 61 valid questionnaire were collected with a recovery rate of 100% (61/61). Among them 12 GPs (20%) had contracted management for COPD patients; 12 GPs (20%) had referred COPD patients to the secondary or tertiary hospitals; and 9/12 of GPs referred the patients for lung function examination due to the needs of diagnosis or follow-up.The mean COPD-related knowledge score was (58.9±20.0), compared with the score of 65 GPs from the 4 same community centers tested in 2018 (63.2±18.9), there was no significant difference ( t=0.456, P>0.05). Conclusions:The implementation of the primary care institution measures in Beijing promoted the management of COPD and improved capacity building in primary health institutions, also promoted the work docking between primary health institutions and secondary, tertiary hospitals. However, it is still necessary to strengthen the ability training of general practitioners in relevant knowledge and skills to improve their management ability of COPD.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905234

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of individualized occupational therapy on occupational performance of schizophrenic patients. Methods:From 2016 to 2018, 30 schizophrenic patients hospitalized over one year in Beijing Anding Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 15) and experimental group (n = 15). The control group was given routine group work activities, and the experimental group was given individualized occupational therapy, 30 minutes a time, once a day, five days a week for four weeks. The Comprehensive Occupational Therapy Evaluation Scale (COTE) was used to evaluate the occupational performance of schizophrenic patients before and after treatment。 Results:The difference value of COTE score was higher in the experimental group than in the control group (t = 3.842, P < 0.01), especially for interpersonal communication behavior and task behavior (t > 3.106, P < 0.01). Conclusion:Individualized occupational therapy could improve the occupational performance of patients with schizophrenia.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899166

ABSTRACT

Background@#and PurposeTo determine the diagnostic value of straight head hanging (SHH) in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the posterior semicircular canal (PC-BPPV). @*Methods@#We retrospectively included 62 patients (age=56.2±15.0 years, 47 female) with unilateral PC-BPPV who underwent both the Dix-Hallpike maneuver and SHH before receiving canalith repositioning therapy (CRT) between September 2017 and July 2020 at the Dizziness Center of Seoul National University Bundang Hospital in South Korea (16 patients, 25.8%) or the Neurology Outpatient Clinic of Aerospace Central Hospital in China (46 patients, 74.2%). SHH was performed before (n=29, group A) or after (n=33, group B) the Dix-Hallpike maneuver. @*Results@#Torsional upbeat nystagmus typical of PC-BPPV was induced during SHH in 52 (83.9%) patients, and the incidence of this type of positional nystagmus did not differ between the groups A and B (79.3% vs. 87.9%, p=0.569). The maximum slow-phase velocity of the induced upbeat nystagmus was higher during SHH than during the Dix-Hallpike maneuver toward the lesion side [range=2.0–60.0°/s (median=18.5°/s) vs. range=2.7–40.0°/s (median=13.4°/s), p<0.001]. Reversal of the positional nystagmus was observed upon resuming the sitting position after SHH in 47 (75.8%) patients and after the Dix-Hallpike maneuver in 54 (87.7%) patients, with no significant difference between the groups (p=0.082). @*Conclusions@#SHH is effective for diagnosing PC-BPPV. Given its simplicity, SHH may be performed before the Dix-Hallpike maneuver, and CRT may be attempted thereafter when the typical positional nystagmus for unilateral PC-BPPV is induced during SHH.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899136

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose This study aimed to determine the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with persistent geotropic (pG) and persistent apogeotropic (pAG) direction-changing positional nystagmus (DCPN). @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 30 patients with pG-DCPN and 44 patients with pAG-DCPN. All patients underwent neurological and neurotological examinations, including an evaluation of gaze-evoked nystagmus, eye-movement tests, and assessments of limb ataxia and balance, as well as magnetic resonance imaging to exclude central causes. The characteristics of positional nystagmus were detected using the supine roll test (SRT) and bow-andlean test (BLT). The null point (NP) at which the nystagmus disappeared was determined. All patients were treated with the barbecue maneuver, and treatment efficacy was evaluated immediately, 1 week, and 1 month after treatment. @*Results@#The history of diseases associated with atherosclerosis, peripheral vestibular disorders, otological disease, and migraine differed significantly between patients with pG-DCPN and pAG-DCPN. The affected sides of persistent horizontal DCPN can be determined using the SRT and the BLT, while determining the second NP and vestibular function as well as performing an audiological evaluation can be used to assist in identifying the affected side. The efficacy rates immediately and 1 week after treatment with the barbecue maneuver were higher in patients with pAG-DCPN than in patients with pG-DCPN. @*Conclusions@#pAG-DCPN was more compatible with the characteristics of cupulolithiasis, and pG-DCPN was more likely to be associated with a light cupula rather than canalolithiasis. pAG-DCPN was more likely to be accompanied by a disease associated with atherosclerosis, while pG-DCPN was often accompanied by autoimmune-related diseases and a history of migraine. The associations between pAG-DCPN, pG-DCPN, and the above-mentioned diseases need to be clarified further. The canalith-repositioning maneuver was effective in patients with pAG-DCPN and ineffective in patients with pG-DCPN, but most cases of pGDCPN are self-limiting.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891462

ABSTRACT

Background@#and PurposeTo determine the diagnostic value of straight head hanging (SHH) in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the posterior semicircular canal (PC-BPPV). @*Methods@#We retrospectively included 62 patients (age=56.2±15.0 years, 47 female) with unilateral PC-BPPV who underwent both the Dix-Hallpike maneuver and SHH before receiving canalith repositioning therapy (CRT) between September 2017 and July 2020 at the Dizziness Center of Seoul National University Bundang Hospital in South Korea (16 patients, 25.8%) or the Neurology Outpatient Clinic of Aerospace Central Hospital in China (46 patients, 74.2%). SHH was performed before (n=29, group A) or after (n=33, group B) the Dix-Hallpike maneuver. @*Results@#Torsional upbeat nystagmus typical of PC-BPPV was induced during SHH in 52 (83.9%) patients, and the incidence of this type of positional nystagmus did not differ between the groups A and B (79.3% vs. 87.9%, p=0.569). The maximum slow-phase velocity of the induced upbeat nystagmus was higher during SHH than during the Dix-Hallpike maneuver toward the lesion side [range=2.0–60.0°/s (median=18.5°/s) vs. range=2.7–40.0°/s (median=13.4°/s), p<0.001]. Reversal of the positional nystagmus was observed upon resuming the sitting position after SHH in 47 (75.8%) patients and after the Dix-Hallpike maneuver in 54 (87.7%) patients, with no significant difference between the groups (p=0.082). @*Conclusions@#SHH is effective for diagnosing PC-BPPV. Given its simplicity, SHH may be performed before the Dix-Hallpike maneuver, and CRT may be attempted thereafter when the typical positional nystagmus for unilateral PC-BPPV is induced during SHH.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891432

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose This study aimed to determine the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with persistent geotropic (pG) and persistent apogeotropic (pAG) direction-changing positional nystagmus (DCPN). @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 30 patients with pG-DCPN and 44 patients with pAG-DCPN. All patients underwent neurological and neurotological examinations, including an evaluation of gaze-evoked nystagmus, eye-movement tests, and assessments of limb ataxia and balance, as well as magnetic resonance imaging to exclude central causes. The characteristics of positional nystagmus were detected using the supine roll test (SRT) and bow-andlean test (BLT). The null point (NP) at which the nystagmus disappeared was determined. All patients were treated with the barbecue maneuver, and treatment efficacy was evaluated immediately, 1 week, and 1 month after treatment. @*Results@#The history of diseases associated with atherosclerosis, peripheral vestibular disorders, otological disease, and migraine differed significantly between patients with pG-DCPN and pAG-DCPN. The affected sides of persistent horizontal DCPN can be determined using the SRT and the BLT, while determining the second NP and vestibular function as well as performing an audiological evaluation can be used to assist in identifying the affected side. The efficacy rates immediately and 1 week after treatment with the barbecue maneuver were higher in patients with pAG-DCPN than in patients with pG-DCPN. @*Conclusions@#pAG-DCPN was more compatible with the characteristics of cupulolithiasis, and pG-DCPN was more likely to be associated with a light cupula rather than canalolithiasis. pAG-DCPN was more likely to be accompanied by a disease associated with atherosclerosis, while pG-DCPN was often accompanied by autoimmune-related diseases and a history of migraine. The associations between pAG-DCPN, pG-DCPN, and the above-mentioned diseases need to be clarified further. The canalith-repositioning maneuver was effective in patients with pAG-DCPN and ineffective in patients with pG-DCPN, but most cases of pGDCPN are self-limiting.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 266-271, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923161

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the current situation of job burnout, sleep quality and working ability and the association among them in oil workers. METHODS: A total of 2 086 oil workers from six oil field companies in a city of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region were selected as the study subjects using a typical sampling method. The job burnout level, sleep quality and working ability were measured respectively by the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Work Ability Index Questionnaire. RESULTS: The average score of job burnout in the study subjects was(48.6±11.0), the median and the 25 th, 75 th percentile of sleep quality and working ability scores were 6.0(5.0, 8.0) and 39.0(36.0, 42.0) respectively. There was a negative correlation between job burnout and working ability, or sleep quality and working ability [spearman correlation coefficient(r_S) were-0.28 and-0.21, all P<0.01]. There was a positive correlation between job burnout and sleep quality(r_S=0.19, P<0.01). The structural equation model results showed that both job burnout and sleep quality had a direct effect on working ability of oil workers [normalized path coefficient(β) were-0.29 and-0.27, respectively, all P<0.01]. Job burnout could indirectly affect working ability through reducing sleep quality(β=-0.12, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The higher the degree of job burnout and the poorer the sleep quality, the lower their working ability in oil workers. Oil workers with a higher degree of job burnout can lead to poorer sleep quality, which in turn leads to a decline in their working ability.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878985

ABSTRACT

Two phloroglucinol compounds(1-2) were isolated and purified from 95% ethanol extract of Dryopteris fragrans through various column chromatographies on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, medium pressure column chromatography, and preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated as 2',4',6'-trihydroxy-5'-methyl acetate-3'-methyl-1'-butyrophenone(1) and aspidinol B(2) based on their chemical and physicochemical methods and spectroscopic data. Compound 1 is a new phloroglucinol compound named "dryofraginol".


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dryopteris , Ethanol , Phloroglucinol , Plant Extracts
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888135

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the effects of planting density on the development, quality, and gene transcription characte-ristics of Rehmannia glutinosa using 85-5 and J9 as materials with three planting densities of 5 000, 25 000, and 50 000 plants/Mu(1 Mu≈667 m~2). The agronomic characteristics of leaves and tuberous roots, the content of catalpol and acteoside, and the changes of gene expression were determined. The results showed that the leaf size, the diameter of tuberous root, leaf biomass, tuberous root number, and tuberous root biomass per plant at low density were significantly higher than those of medium and high densities. The content of catalpol and acteoside in leaves was higher at high density. The content of catalpol in tuberous roots was higher at low density, and the change trend was similar to that in leaves, while the content of acteoside in tuberous roots was higher at high density. Transcriptome analysis found that about 1/2 of the expansin genes could change regularly in response to density treatment, which was rela-ted to the development of tuberous roots. The change trend of the gene expression of multiple catalytic enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of catalpol and acteoside was consistent with that of their content, which was presumedly involved in the accumulation and regulation of density-responsive medicinal components. Based on the analysis of the development, medicinal components, and gene expression characteristics of R. glutinosa at different densities, this study is expected to provide an important basis for regulating the quality and yield of medicinal materials of R. glutinosa by managing the planting density.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Profiling , Plant Leaves/genetics , Plant Roots/genetics , Rehmannia/genetics , Transcription, Genetic
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1332-1342, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887076

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), also named as a cancer of cardiovascular disease, is a rare disease and has complicated pathogenesis. Recently, there are more understandings of PAH pathogeneses. According to the pathogenesis and active pathways, the clinically used drugs are classified into several groups incluidng prostacyclin analogues and prostacyclin receptor agonists, endothelin receptor antagonists, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitors, etc. To elevate the efficacy of the drugs, numerous drug delivery systems are developed. This review mainly summarized the pathological mechanism of PAH, drugs and drug delivery approaches in the treatment of PAH.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1904-1907, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore th e applicatio n of team situatio nal simulation education and teaching mode in clinical pharmacy teaching. METHODS :A total of 60 clinical pharmacy interns were selected as the research objects ,and course disease was type 2 diabetes mellitus. Thirty interns were randomly selected as control group ,using traditional teaching mode ;other 30 interns were selected as trial group ,which carried out team situational simulation education and teaching mode. The teaching effects were evaluated by using the satisfaction of interns to the two modes ,the comprehensive score of graduation examination and the self-evaluation of learning effect. RESULTS :Compared with traditional teaching mode ,team situational simulation education and teaching mode was conducive to stimulate the learning interest of interns ,improve their interpersonal communication ability , cultivate teamwork spirit ,improve the awareness of humanistic care ,and cultivate the professional attitude of clinical pharmacists (P<0.05). Compared with control group ,the comprehensive score of trial group was dominantly increased (P<0.001),and the scores of professional quality ,humanistic care and communication skills in the trial group were significantly higher than control group(P<0.01). In terms of self-evaluation of learning effect ,except for the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and the commonly used treatment regimens ,the self-evaluation scores of the other items in trial group were significantly higher than control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :Team situational simulation education and teaching mode is superior to traditional teaching mode for clinical pharmacy teaching.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885348

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19)prevention and control work and the problems and difficulties faced by non-government primary medical institutions in China during the epidemic period.Methods:A survey on the coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19)prevention and control work of non-government primary medical institutions was conducted on April 14 to 21, 2020 with the self-designed questionnaire. The questionnaire contained three parts: the first part was basic information of medical staff in non-government primary medical institutions, including position and institutional information; the second part was the status quo of non-government primary medical institutions participating in the prevention and control of COVID-19, including the specific work and difficulties faced by the responders during the epidemic period; and the third part was the prevention and control effect of COVID-19 in the responders′ institutions, including whether there were confirmed cases and infected medical staff. An online invitation was issued among the members of General Practice Branch of Chinese Non-government Medical Institution Association. The invited participants included the heads, general practitioners and other medical personnel of the non-government primary medical institutions the invited participants voluntarily scanned the online two-dimensional code to fill in.Results:A total of 761 individuals in primary health institutions from 20 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China participated in the survey. There were 290 (38.1%) men and 471 (61.9%) women with age of 40(32, 48) years; 83.0% (632/761) had worked for more than 5 years; 33.8% (257/761) owned primary professional titles and 33.0% (251/761) owned intermediate titles. Among all participants 28.5% (217/761) were general practitioners, 26.9% (205/761) were institutions/department managers, 14.6% (111/761) were specialists and 40.3% (307/761) were other related personnel. A total of 549 institutions continued to operate during the epidemic period and 96.5% (530/549) participated in the work related to the prevention and control of the epidemic, including prescreening and triage, health consultation, follow-up of suspected patients, donation, quarantine of suspected cases, follow-up of close contacts/discharged patients, diagnosis and treatment of patients with new coronavirus pneumonia. 44.7% (340/761) of respondents participated in the epidemic prevention as front-line staff and directly contacted patients/suspected patients, and 63.1% (480/761) participated in the epidemic prevention work of primary medical institutions, including clinical outpatient service, prescreening triage and screening. The working sites were not limited to the institutions, but also other sites including high-speed railway station. The 97.8% (744/761) responders expressed their willingness to participate in epidemic prevention work under the unified leadership and command of the state. The 63.9% (486/761) of the responders were worried about the lack of protective equipments and measures, and 90.4% (688/761) respondents showed that they needed medical supplies (protective equipment: masks, goggles, protective gowns, etc.).Conclusion:The participation of non-government primary medical institutions and their staff in COVID-19 infection prevention and control is a key component of the epidemic prevention process.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current status of chronic respiratory disease (chronic obstructive pulmary disease, bronchial asthma and obstructive sleep apnea) management capacity in community health centers in Beijing Miyun district.Methods:From November 21 to 22,2018,nineteen community health centers and 65 general practitioners in Miyun district of Beijing were selected to participate in a questionnaire survey. The self-designed questionnaire was divided into two parts: the questionnaire for medical institutions(institution questionnaire)and questionnaire for general practitioners(doctor questionnaire). The institution questionnaires were distributed by the Miyun District Health Commission,and filled in by the person in charge of the institution; the knowledge questionnaires were sent to all general practitioners of 4 community health service centers. The two independent sample t test was used to compare the measurement data in accordance with normal distribution between the two groups, and analysis of variance was used for multi group comparison. Results:Nineteen institution questionnaires were sent to all centers in the district and all 19 valid questionnaires were recovered. Among them, 18 centers thought that chronic respiratory diseases should be included in the management of chronic non-communicable diseases, and health records should be established to achieve regular follow-up monitoring, but only one center had put asthma in the record. Nine centers purchased pulmonary function instrument; 8 centers were equipped with inhaled glucocorticoid, and 1 center was equipped with β 2-receptor agonists. The effective recovery rate of knowledge questionnaire was 100.0% (65/65). There was no significant difference in the knowledge scores of three kinds of chronic respiratory diseases (chronic obstructive pulmary disease, bronchial asthma, obstructive sleep apnea) among general practitioners [(63±19), (64±23), (62±21), F=0.087, P>0.05]. The scores of general practitioners with different ages and professional titles were (57±15), (66±13), (42±16) and (54±19), (67±12), (68±11) respectively. There were significant differences in the knowledge scores of general practitioners with different ages and professional titles ( F= 8.582 and 6.079, all P<0.05). The average scores of general practitioners with age>50 years or junior professional title were lower than others. Conclusions:The leaders of each center in Miyun district have a clear understanding of the necessity of diagnosis and treatment of chronic respiratory diseases, but there are still some problems, such as insufficient attention to chronic respiratory system, insufficient investment in disease management infrastructure, and lack of professional knowledge of chronic respiratory diseases among general practitioners. It is hoped that in the future, chronic respiratory diseases can be introduced into public health service projects, investment in related disease infrastructure will be strengthened, and comprehensive respiratory knowledge and ability training courses suitable for grass-roots general practitioners can be popularized as soon as possible.

16.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 236-240, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876109

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemic trend of viral hepatitis in Nanjing from 1989 to 2019 and predict the incidence in 2020, so as to provide reference for the prevention and control of viral hepatitis.@*Methods@#The incidence data of viral hepatitis in Nanjing from 1989 to 2019 was retrieved from Nanjng Center for Disease Control and Prevention and National Infectious Disease Reporting System. The epidemic trend was analyzed by estimating the annual percent change ( APC ) and the average annual percent change ( AAPC ). The seasonal incidence of different types of viral hepatitis was analyzed by seasonal index. The autoregressive integrated moving average model ( ARIMA ) was built to predict monthly incidence rate of viral hepatitis in 2020. @*Results@#The annual incidence rate of viral hepatitis was 62.00/100 000 in Nanjing from 1989 to 2019, showing a downward trend ( AAPC=8.4%, P<0.05 ). From 1998 to 2019, the annual incidence rates of hepatitis A, B, C and E were 1.98/100 000, 14.31/100 000, 2.30/100 000 and 2.60/100 000. The incidence of hepatitis A and B showed downward trends ( AAPC=-11.81%, -6.02%, both P<0.05 ); the incidence trend of hepatitis C was not obvious ( P>0.05 ); the incidence of hepatitis E showed an increasing trend ( AAPC=4.82%, P<0.05 ). From 2015 to 2019, the third and fourth quarters were the epidemic seasons of hepatitis A, B and C, while the first and second quarters were the epidemic seasons of hepatitis E. The ARIMA model predicted that the monthly incidence rates of viral hepatitis in 2020 would range from 1.26/100 000 to 3.69/100 000, among which hepatitis B ranged from 1.21/100 000 to 2.58/100 000, hepatitis C from 0.20/100 000 to 0.48/100 000, hepatitis E from 0.09/100 000 to 0.25/100 000. @*Conclusions@#The incidence of viral hepatitis in Nanjing shows a downward trend. Among different types of hepatitis, hepatitis B has a higher incidence. All types of hepatitis have epidemic seasons. It is predicted that the monthly incidence rates of viral hepatitis will be 1.26/100 000 to 3.69/100 000 in 2020.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880517

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the pharmacological mechanism of Guanxin II formula (II) for treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A network pharmacology-based method was utilized. First candidate compounds, targets of GX II were collected using PharmMapper, BATMAN-TCM, DrugBank and SwissTargetPrediction, and targets on CHD were mined from GeneCards, DisGenet, DrugBank and GEO. Afterwards, the big hub compounds and targets were chosen in the candidate compounds-direct therapeutic targets on the CHD (C-T) network and the direct therapeutic targets on the CHD (T-D) network. Furthermore, the Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis were performed to identify the enriched terms. Finally, a molecular docking simulation strategy was adopted to verify the binding capacity between the big hub compounds and big hub targets on CHD.@*RESULTS@#First, 114 candidate compounds were selected with the following criteria: OB⩾30%, DL⩾0.18, and HL ⩾4 h. Then, 1,035 targets of GX II were gathered, while 928 targets on CHD were collected. Afterwards, 196 common targets of compound targets and therapeutic targets on CHD were defined as direct therapeutic targets acting on CHD. In addition, the contribution index (CI) in the C-T network was calculated, and 4 centrality properties, including degree, betweenness, closeness and coreness, in the T-D network, 4 big hub compounds, and 6 big hub targets were eventually chosen. Furthermore, the GO and KEGG analysis indicated that GX II acted on CHD by regulating the reactive oxygen species metabolism, steroid metabolism, lipid metabolism, inflammatory response, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The docking results manifested excellent binding capacity between the 4 big hub compounds and 6 big hub targets on CHD.@*CONCLUSION@#This network pharmacology-based exploration revealed that GX II might prevent and inhibit the primary pathological processes of CHD.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880134

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IKAROS family Zinc finger 3 (IKZF3) gene and the risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood samples from 286 children with ALL and 382 healthy children were collected and divided into ALL group and control group, respectively. The genotypes of IKZF3 gene at rs62066988 C > T and rs12946510 C > T were detected by quantitative PCR with TaqMan detection system, and their correlation with ALL was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The distribution frequencies of CC, CT and TT genotypes at rs62066988 in ALL group were 58.39%, 37.06% and 4.55%, respectively, while those in control group were 69.19%, 27.68% and 3.13%, respectively. The distribution frequencies of CC, CT and TT genotypes at rs12946510 in ALL group were 58.16%, 34.75% and 7.09%, respectively, while those in control group were 55.76%, 37.43% and 6.81%, respectively. Compared with the control group, the distribution frequency of CT/TT genotype at rs62066988 was significantly increased in the ALL group (OR=1.59, 95%CI: 1.16-2.19, P=0.004). However, there was no significant difference in the distribution of rs12946510 C > T polymorphism between ALL group and control group.@*CONCLUSION@#The CT/TT genotype of IKZF3 at the site of rs62066988 is associated with the increased risk of ALL in children.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Case-Control Studies , Child , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Ikaros Transcription Factor/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
19.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 625-638, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826795

ABSTRACT

Aloin is a small-molecule drug well known for its protective actions in various models of damage. Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-induced cerebral edema from secondary damage caused by disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) often leads to an adverse prognosis. Since the role of aloin in maintaining the integrity of the BBB after TBI remains unclear, we explored the protective effects of aloin on the BBB using in vivo and in vitro TBI models. Adult male C57BL/6 mice underwent controlled cortical impact injury, and mouse brain capillary endothelial bEnd.3 cells underwent biaxial stretch injury, then both received aloin treatment. In the animal experiments, we found 20 mg/kg aloin to be the optimum concentration to decrease cerebral edema, decrease disruption of the BBB, and improve neurobehavioral performance after cortical impact injury. In the cellular studies, the optimum concentration of 40 μg/mL aloin reduced apoptosis and reversed the loss of tight junctions by reducing the reactive oxygen species levels and changes in mitochondrial membrane potential after stretch injury. The mechanisms may be that aloin downregulates the phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, the activation of p65 nuclear factor-kappa B, and the ratios of B cell lymphoma (Bcl)-2-associated X protein/Bcl-2 and cleaved caspase-3/caspase-3. We conclude that aloin exhibits these protective effects on the BBB after TBI through its anti-oxidative stress and anti-apoptotic properties in mouse brain capillary endothelial cells. Aloin may thus be a promising therapeutic drug for TBI.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826616

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to reveal the effects of silicon (Si) application on nutrient utilization efficiency by rice and on soil nutrient availability and soil microorganisms in a hybrid rice double-cropping planting system. A series of field experiments were conducted during 2017 and 2018. The results showed that Si nutrient supply improved grain yield and the utilization rates of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) to an appropriate level for both early and late plantings, reaching a maximum at 23.4 kg/ha Si. The same trends were found for the ratios of available N (AN) to total N (TN) and available P (AP) to total P (TP), the soil microbial biomass carbon (MBC), microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN), microbial biomass phosphorus (MBP), and the ratios of MBN to TN and MBP to TP, at different levels of Si. Statistical analysis further revealed that Si application enhanced rice growth and increased the utilization rate of fertilizer due to an ecological mechanism, i.e., Si supply significantly increased the total amount of soil microorganisms in paddy soil compared to the control. This promoted the mineralization of soil nutrients and improved the availability and reserves of easily mineralized organic nutrients.

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