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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of PX-12 on apoptosis of multiple myeloma (MM) cell line induced by bortezomib.@*METHODS@#MM cell line H929 cells were divided into PX-12 group, bortezomib group, combination group, and control group. 5.0 μmol/L PX-12, 20 nmol/L bortezomib, combination of the two drugs, and DMSO were given to the above mentioned group, respectively. After culture for 24, 48, and 72 hours, the changes of cell viability were observed, the MM cell activity was detected by MTT method, and the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of each group was detected by flow cytometry. The intracellular ROS level was measured by H@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that after culture for 72 hours, the activity of H929 cells in PX-12 group (P<0.05) and bortezomib group (P<0.01) was significantly lower than that in the control group, while that in the combination group was decreased most significantly (P<0.01). After culture for 48 hours, cells in G1 phase in PX-12 group was decreased to 40%, while cells in S phase and G@*CONCLUSION@#PX-12 can increase the apoptosis of MM cell line H929 induced by bortezomib, which may be caused by increasing of ROS level.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880078

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of continuous intravenous infusion of 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) combined with high-dose cytarabine (Ara-C) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (CLAG regiem) in the treatment of relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Fifteen patients with refractory/relapsed AML hospitalized in 5 medical units such as Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University and received one course of CLAG regimen from June 2014 to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively (specifically: cladribine 5 mg/M@*RESULTS@#Among the 15 patients with refractory/relapsed AML, 9 males and 6 females, the median age was 35 (13-63) years old. FAB classification: 1 case of M@*CONCLUSION@#The CLAG regimen consisting of continuous intravenous infusion of cladribine shows high CR in the treatment of AML patients, but the duration of CR is short, myelosuppression is sever, so that infection control is the key. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation should be performed as soon as possible after CR.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cladribine/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Female , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Humans , Infusions, Intravenous , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergistic immunomodulatory mechanism of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI) regimen on patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Sixty eight untreated de novo or relapsed or refractory or maintenance therapy patients with AML admitted in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and the other 11 medical units from March 2016 to May 2019 were treated with ITI regimen. Peripheral blood specimen per patient was collected into EDTA-K3 anticoagulation vacuum tube before the administration of ITI and 3 months after the treatment; peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and perforin and Granzyme B expression were analyzed by using flow cytometry; the levels of VEGF, IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-6 in the plasma were detected by using a cytometric bead array. Thirty-five healthy subjects from the hospital physical examination centre were selected as normal controls.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ITI regimen can raise the ratio of CD4


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Perforin , Thalidomide
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1867-1872, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879985

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the gene mutation in adult patients with B-ALL and its influence on clinical prognosis.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 226 adult patients with B-ALL were retrospectively analyzed in the period from August 2011 to February 2018. The incidence of gene mutation in all patients were detected, and the influence of mutation gene on clinical prognosis were estimated. Cox regression model were used to evaluate the independent prognostic factors.@*RESULTS@#208 (92.04%) of 226 patients showed gene mutations, and the median mutation number was 2 (0-8). Among them, 54 cases (23.89%) showed 14 or more mutations. The top five mutation types of all patients were SF1, FAT1, MPL, PTPNII and N-RAS respectively. The median OS and median RFS times of 226 patients were 27.0 (5.5-84.0) months and 22.5 (0-81.0) months respectively. The OS and RFS times of Ph@*CONCLUSION@#Gene mutations are common in all adult B-ALL patients, and the clinical prognosis of patients with JAK and epigenetics-related signaling pathway mutations is worsen, while the WBC level closely relates to the clinical prognosis of the patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Mutation , Patients , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278718

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship of Ki-67 level with clinical features, immunophenotype, gene mutation, curative efficacy and prognosis in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Flow cytometry gated at CD45/SSC was used to detect the expression of Ki-67, and the correlation of Ki-67 expression with clinical manifestation, laboratorial indexes, curative efficacy and prognosis was analysed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ki-67 expression level increased in ALL patients, the median expression rate was 29.22%, there was significant difference as compared with the healthy control (P<0.01). In adult ALL, the median expression rate of Ki-67 in the high-risk group was 31.49%, and the difference was statistically significant as compared with the low-risk group (P<0.05). In children ALL, the median expression rate of Ki-67 in high-risk group was 42.28%, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The results of unvariate analysis showed that the age, WBC count at newly diagnosed and extramedullary invasion were adverse factors affecting OS and DFS; the results of multivariate analysis showed that age and extramedullary invasion were independent risk factors for OS and DFS in patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Age≥14 years old, intramedullary invasion are the poor factors for prognosis; the Ki-67 level is not an independent factor for the prognosis of patients.</p>

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311536

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of transforming growth factor-β activated kinase-1(TAK1) gene silenced by RNA interference on proliferation inhibition of Kasumi-1 cells induced by AsOand its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The experiments were divided into 4 groups, including control group(Kasumi-1 cells treated with non-specific siRNA), TAK1 specific siRNA treated group (Kasumi 1 treated with TAK specific siRNA), AsOtreated group (Kasumi 1 cells treated with AsO) and combined treated group (Kasumi 1 cells treated with TAK1 specific siRNA plus AsO). The proliferation inhibition rate of Kasami 1 cells was detected by CCK-8 method, the apoptotic rate of cells was detected by flow eytometry, the expressions of TAK1, phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase(p-JNK) and apoptosis-related proteins were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>AsOcould inhibit Kasumi-1 cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner between 0.5 to 20 µmol/L with ICof (3.79±0.36) µmol/L at 24 h, and also inhibit Kasumi-1 cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner between 0.5 to 10 µmol/L with ICof (2.38±0.17) µmol/L at 48 h, but then the inhibitory effect reached plateau. After treating Kasumi-1 cells with TAK1 siRNA and 3.5 µmol/L AsOfor 24 h, the proliferation inhibition rate was (10.86±1.64)% and (49.80±2.19)%, meanwhile the apoptosis rate was (8.47±0.75)% and (24.78±2.14)%, all significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The proliferation inhibition rate and apoptosis rate of the combined treated group were significantly higher than that in control and single treated groups (P<0.05, P<0.01), TAK1 silencing and 3.5 µmol/L of AsOcould decrease the expression of TAK1, p-JNK, c-Fos, c-Jun and BCL-2 in different degrees, and increase the expression levels of BAX and the activated (cleaved) caspase-3, 9 with statistically significant differences as compared with control group (P< 0.05). When Kasumi-1 cells were treated with TAK1 specific siRNA plus AsOfor 24 h, protein expression levels were all significantly greater than that in the single-treated groups (P< 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TAK1 silencing and AsOcan separately and synergistically inhibit Kasumi-1 cell proliferation which probably relates with the inducing apoptosis via the JNK and mitochondrial pathway. Meanwhile, TAK1 silencing enhances the inhibitory effect of AsOon Kasumi-1 cell proliferation.</p>

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271922

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of EPOCH±R followed by DICE±R regimen for primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-three patients with primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma were admitted in our hosptial from January 2000 to April 2016. Among them 24 patients were treated with CHOP±R regimen, 19 patients were treated with EPOCH±R followed by DICE±R regimen. The clinical efficacy, survival rate and adverse effects were observed and compared between them.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The complete rate in EPOCH±R followed by DICE±R regimen group was higher than that in the CHOP±R group (84.2% vs 70.8%), and the relapsed rate was lower in EPOCH±R followed by DICE±R regimen group than that in the CHOP±R group (6.25% vs 35.3%). Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of 5 years after diagnosis in the EPOCH±R followed by DICE±R group were significantly higher as compared with that in CHOP±R group (PFS, 75% vs 47.4%, P=0.035; OS, 73.3% vs 45.2%, P= 0.043). Treatment-related hematologic adverse events were more serious in the EPOCH±R followed by DICE±R group(63.2% vs 25%). However, these adverse events were controlled and no treatment-related deaths were observed. Multivariate analysis showed that age (P=0.008; 95% CI, 0.026 to 0.579), radiotherapy (P=0.045; 95% CI, 1.028 to 14.719) and LDH level (P=0.007; 95% CI, 0.017 to 0.531) were independent prognostic factors for 5 year overall survival.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EPOCH±R followed by DICE±R regimen is an effective and safe treatment regimen for PB-DLBCL. Prognostic factors for survival are age, LDH level and radiotherapy.</p>

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272485

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficiency and safety of rituximab and dexamethasone combined with cyclophosphamide for treating patients with relapsed and refractory immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve patients with relapsed and refractory immune thrombocytopenia were prospectively enrolled in this study, and received rituximab 375 mg/m(2) once a week for 4 weeks, dexamethasone 40 mg once a day for consecutive 4 days, and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m(2) biweekly for 2 weeks. The levels of IFN-r and IL-4 in peripheral blood of patients were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the percentages of Breg, Treg and Th17 cells were detected by flow cytometry before and after treatment. Efficiency was evaluated according to platelet counts, and side effects were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Six out of 12 patients reached to complete remission and 4 patients reached to partial remission, with the total response rate 83.33%. The platelet counts [(115.42 ± 76.60) × 10(9)/L] after treatment were significantly higher than that before treatment [(115.42 ± 76.60) × 10(9)/L] (P < 0.001). The ratio of IFN-r/ IL4 after treatment (5.89 ± 2.30) was very significantly lower than that before treatment (7.00 ± 2.73) (P = 0.002). The percentage of Breg cells after treatment [(21.27 ± 4.28)%] were much significantly higher than that before treatment [(15.48 ± 1.67)%] (P < 0.001). The ratio of Treg/Th17 after treatment (3.07 ± 1.50) was significantly higher than that before treatment (0.98 ± 0.45) (P < 0.001). Infusion reaction was observed in 1 patient, secondary hypertension and hyperglycemia were in 1 patient, and pneumonia in 2 patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rituximab and dexamethasone combined with cyclophosphamide can improve the outcomes of patients with relapsed and refractory immune thrombocytopenia patients and they were well tolerated, its mechanism may be related with the balance between T cell sunsets and Treg cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived , B-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cell Biology , Cyclophosphamide , Therapeutic Uses , Dexamethasone , Therapeutic Uses , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Blood , Interleukin-4 , Blood , Platelet Count , Prospective Studies , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Drug Therapy , Remission Induction , Rituximab , Therapeutic Uses , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cell Biology , Th17 Cells , Cell Biology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302368

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effects of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) combined with TPA on cell cycle, cell differentiation and apoptosis of K562 cell line, and their possible mechanisms. K562 cells were treated with 200 nmol/L TPA, 2 µmol/L As2O3 alone and 200 nmol/L TPA combined with 2 µmol/L As2O3. The proliferative inhibition rates were determined with CCK-8. Annexin V and agarose gel electrophoresis were adopted to detect apoptosis. Colony formation test was used to determine the colony-formation efficiency. Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell differentiation and cell cycle changes. Western blot was employed to detect the expression of P38 and p-P38 proteins. The results showed that combination treatment had synergistic effects on the proliferative inhibition and apoptosis, which were much higher than those treated alone. As2O3 could decrease the colony formation ability of K562 cells. The cells treated with both TPA and As2O3 expressed far more CD11b antigens compared with cells exposed to As2O3 alone. K562 cells treated with TPA were arrested in G1 phase compared with the control group, As2O3 increased the percentage of K562 cells in the G2 phase. The combination treatment increased the expression of p-P38 of K562 cells compared with the cells exposed As2O3 alone. It is concluded that TPA can enhance the effect of As2O3 on inducing apoptosis and adjusting cell cycle , which will expect to provide a new therapeutic program.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Arsenicals , Pharmacology , Cell Cycle , Drug Synergism , Humans , K562 Cells , Oxides , Pharmacology , Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate , Pharmacology
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1301-1305, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340509

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to detect the expression levels of TRAF6, TAK1 and TGF-β mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMNC) of patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) before and after chemotherapy, and to explore the effect of chemotherapy on the activity of TRAF6/TAK1 signal pathway. The expression levels of TRAF-6, TAK1 and TGF-β mRNA in PBMNC of 38 patients with DLBCL were detected by using the quantitative real time PCR before treatment or after two cycles of chemotherapy, 12 healthy people were served as the control. The results showed that the expression levels of TRAF-6, TAK1 and TGF-β mRNA in PBMNC of DLBCL patients' were higher than those in healthy people. Before treatment, the expression levels of TRAF-6 and TAK1 mRNA had no significant difference as compared with healthy people (P > 0.05); after chemotherapy, the expression levels of these two genes significantly increased, and the differences both had statistically significant as compared with healthy people (P < 0.05); meanwhile the increased expression levels of these two genes after chemotherapy had statistically significant difference as compared with levels before treatment (P < 0.05) , and those expression levels were positively correlated. While the expression level of TGF-β mRNA decreased after chemotherapy as compared with level before treatment, and the differences had statistically significantse(P < 0.05). It is concluded that the activity of TRF6/TAK1 signal pathways in PBMNC of DLBCL patients' significantly increases after chemotherapy, while the expression level of TGF-β mRNA after chemotherapy is abviously lower than level before treatment.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Metabolism , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Drug Therapy , Genetics , MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Signal Transduction , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 6 , Genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 417-420, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235435

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of transforming growth factor-β activated kinase-1 (TAK1) gene silencing on the proliferation and apoptosis of Kasumi-1 cells induced by arsenic trioxide (As₂O₃).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21) cell line Kasumi-1 cells were treated with As₂O₃ or in combination with TAK1 siRNA interference technology. The experiment was divided into four groups: Kasumi-1 cells without any treatment, TAK1 specific siRNA transfection alone, Kasumi-1 cells treated with different concentration of As₂O₃, TAK1siRNA transfection combined with As₂O₃. CCK-8 was used to detect the cell viability. The expression of phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (P-JNK) was determined by Western Blot. Cell apoptosis and growth were examined by morphological and colony formation assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After Kasumi-1 cells were treated with As₂O₃, the rate of cell inhibition was concentration-dependent, and the 50% inhibitory concentration was 3.5 μmol/L. The highest expression level of P-JNK appeared in 30 minutes after cells were treated with As₂O₃. The apoptosis rates of Kasumi-1 cells without any treatment, TAK1 siRNA interference alone group, As₂O₃ alone group and the combined group were (5.02 ± 1.13)%, (6.18 ± 0.28)%, (48.33 ± 2.70)% and (86.07 ± 2.21)%; colony formation rates were (73.83 ± 2.78)%, (76.03 ± 1.46)%, (55.07 ± 1.50)% and (22.20 ± 1.15)%; apoptosis rate of TAK1 siRNA group and the untreated group has no significant difference (P = 0.052); colony formation rate between TAk1 siRNA group and the untreated group has no significant difference (P = 0.179), but the difference in other groups was significant (P = 0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Silencing the expression of TAK1 can enhance the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effect of As₂O₃ on Kasumi-1 cells, and its mechanism may be through the TAK1 downstream JNK signal pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Arsenicals , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Pathology , MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases , Genetics , Metabolism , Oxides , Pharmacology , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Signal Transduction
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301390

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the biology characters of CD133+ cancer stem cells from Hep-2 cell line.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The Flow cytometry was applied to purify CD133+ cells from Hep-2 cell line. The sorted CD133+ cells were cultured in RPMI1640. The ability of migration, invasion and clonality of CD133+ cells were performed to characterize the properties of the cells. CD133+ cells and CD133- control cells were treated with paclitaxel and exposed respectively to X-rays emitted by linear accelerator with a dose of 10 Gy. The surviving rates and growth inhibition ratio of cells in two groups were detected with MTT assay to observe the resistance to irradiation and chemotherapy in CD133+ cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The percentage of CD133+ cells in the unsorted and the sorted cells were 3.1% +/- 0.2% and 90.2% +/- 5.5%, respectively. CD133+ cells showed the higher proliferation and colony ability than CD133- cells. The numbers of CD133+ and CD133- cells that passed the membrane of Transwell chamber were 526 +/- 39 and 220 +/- 20 respectively (t = 22.08, P < 0.001). The colony forming units of three passages were 30.0% +/- 4.7%, 32.2% + 3.6%, 32.7% + 3.4% in CD133 cells and 15.2% +/- 2.2%, 12.0% + 2.5%, 13.8% +/- 3.3% in CD133- cells. There were statistic difference between two groups (t = 8.99, t = 14.66, t = 12.69, P < 0.01). At 24, 48, and 72 hours of treatment with paclitaxel, the cell surviving rates of CD133+ cells were 90.1% +/- 5.9%, 85.1% +/- 7.1% and 70.3% +/- 6.4% and lower than those of CD133- cells, respectively (t = 5.24, t = 8.18, t = 8.14, P < 0.01) . After radiotherapy, growth inhibition ratio of CD133+ and CD133- cells were 30.0% +/- 7.1% and 55.0% +/- 6.3% (t = 8.30, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CD133+ cells exist in a small proportion in Hep-2 cell line and they show the properties of cancer stem cells, with the resistance to irradiation and chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
AC133 Antigen , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Flow Cytometry , Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Paclitaxel , Peptides , Metabolism
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 55-59, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323449

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the changes of naive T cell level of thymic recent output at different stages of treatment in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), thereby to evaluate the relationship of thymic recent output function with prognosis and the impact of chemotherapy on the potential of immunological recovery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The levels of T-cell receptor rearrangement excision circles (TREC) in DNA of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) from 30 DLBCL patients were monitored before, during, until 3 months and 6 months after chemotherapy by real-time PCR (TaqMan), and TREC-level was detected according to the number of CD3 positive(CD3(+)) cells. Twelve normal individuals who matched in age were served as controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was a dramatic reduction of TREC values in all DLBCL patients among which TREC values in germinal center B-cell-like-DLBCL (GCB-DLBCL) were higher than those in non-GCB-DLBCL, as compared with TREC values of normal individual in peripheral blood. The mean values of TREC were 0.91 ± 0.15/1000 PBMNCs and (1.22 ± 0.69)/1000 CD3(+) cells in GCB-DLBCL, (0.43 ± 0.29)/1000 PBMNCs and (0.64 ± 0.44)/1000 CD3(+) cells in non-GCB-DLBCL before chemotherapy. TREC values were significantly associated with lower international prognostic index (IPI) grade (r = -0.441, P = 0.015). TREC-level in DLBCL patients was further decreased after chemotherapy, and reached to the lowest level after the 6th cycle of chemotherapy, and during the corresponding period, the mean values of TREC were (0.63 ± 0.34)/1000 PBMNCs and (0.89 ± 0.65)/1000 CD3(+)cells in GCB-DLBCL, (0.19 ± 0.11)/1000 PBMNCs and (0.27 ± 0.25)/1000 CD3(+) cells in non-GCB-DLBCL. TREC-level began to rise obviously 3 months after the last cycle of chemotherapy in most of the DLBCL patients, and came close to normal level in five cases of patients 6 months after the last cycle of chemotherapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Thymic recent output function was impaired severely in DLBCL patients. There was an important relationship between thymic recent output function before chemotherapy and prognosis, and chemotherapy had influenced the potential of immunological recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Case-Control Studies , Female , Gene Rearrangement, T-Lymphocyte , Germinal Center , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Allergy and Immunology , Thymus Gland , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1399-1402, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265005

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the effect of blocking Ras/Erk signaling pathway on expression of important transcription factor c-fos, c-jun and TAK1 gene in primary acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) cells. The best effective concentration and effect time of PD98059 were screened; the expression levels of c-fos, c-jun and TAK1 in primary cultured cells of normal persons, primary cultured ALL cells and primary cultured ALL cells treated by PD98059 were detected by SYBR GreenI real-time quantitative-PCR. The results showed that before treatment by PD98059 the expression levels of c-fos and TAK1 mRNA were significantly up-regulated in primary cultured ALL cells as compared with primary cultured cells of normal persons (P = 0.014 and P = 0.017 respectively). After treatment by PD98059, the expression levels of c-fos, c-jun mRNA decreased in all 7 serum samples, while expression of TAK1 was down-regulated in 5 samples, and up-regulated in 2 samples. After treatment with PD98059, there was no statistical difference of c-fos, c-jun and TAK1 expression levels in primary cultured ALL cells and primary cultured normal cells. It is concluded that the c-fos and TAK1 activity of primary cultured ALL cells increases, and blocking the Ras/Erk signaling pathway of ALL cells can lead to obvious decrease of important transcription factors c-fos, c-jun, TAK1 genes expression.


Subject(s)
Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Humans , MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun , Metabolism , Tumor Cells, Cultured
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332728

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to evaluate the frequencies and prognostic significance of the nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1) mutation, the fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) mutation and c-KIT mutation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to explore their relevance to clinical characteristics, cytogenetics and survival. Genomic DNA from 78 newly diagnosed AML from August 2010 to October 2012 was screened by PCR and sequencing or capillary electrophoresis (CE) for NPM1, FLT3 and c-KIT mutations. The results showed that the incidence of NPM1 mutation was 14.1% in AML patients and 26.7% in normal karyotype AML patients. NPM1 mutant cases were significantly associated with old age (P < 0.05), high peripheral white cell count and platelet counts (P < 0.05) and low expression of CD34 (P < 0.05), but no statistic difference was found in sex, percentage of bone marrow blasts, Hb, expression of CD117 and HLA-DR, complete remission rate, overall survival and relapse rate (P > 0.05). The prevalences of FLT3-ITD and FLT3-TKD mutations were 11.5% (9/78) and 3.8% (3/78) respectively, and no one patient has both of the two mutations. Patients with FLT3-ITD mutation had higher white blood cell counts and percentage of in bone marrow blasts (P < 0.05), and lower overall survival (P < 0.05), more relative to normal karyotype (P < 0.05), while no statistic difference was found in sex, age, platelet count, Hb level, complete remission rate and relapse rate (P > 0.05). No statistic analysis was performed due to the cases of less FLT3-TKD mutation. C-KIT mutation accounts for 7.7% (6/78). Patients with C-KIT mutation had a higher percentage in abnormal karyotype (P < 0.05), and higher relapse rate (P < 0.05), and lower overall survival, whereas no statistic difference was found in sex, age, percentage of bone marrow blasts, peripheral blood cell count, complete remission rate (P > 0.05). It is concluded that the detection of NPM1, FLT3 and C-KIT mutations may contribute to guiding treatment and evaluating prognosis of patients with AML.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Genetics , Young Adult , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 , Genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 857-861, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272100

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy, adverse events and long-term survival of cyclophosphamide, vindesine, cytarabine, dexamethasone and bleomycin (COAD-B) regimen for relapsed and refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty six patients diagnosed with relapsed or refractory NHL were included in our study from January 2007 to January 2013. The chemotherapy regimen was COAD-B, the therapeutic efficacy was evaluated every 2 courses. Once the stable disease (SD) or progress of the disease (PD) achieved, the patients would switch to other second-line regimens.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall response rate (ORR) was 67.4%, median remission duration was 13 months (3-51 months); 1-,2- and 4-year overall survival (OS) rates were 75.4%, 56.8% and 40.0%, respectively; 1-, 2- and 4-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 50.3%, 39.4% and 27.5%, respectively. The main adverse reaction of patients was myelosuppression. The response to chemotherapy and long- term survival of the relapsed patients were significantly better than that of the refractory ones, and the difference had statistical significance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>COAD-B could be the salvage regimen for relapsed and refractory NHL.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Bleomycin , Cyclophosphamide , Cytarabine , Dexamethasone , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Drug Therapy , Remission Induction , Salvage Therapy , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome , Vindesine
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313917

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to explore the effect of hyperthermia on sensitivity of multiple myeloma cells RPMI 8226 to adriamycin (ADM) and its mechanism. The working concentration of ADM against RPMI 8226 cells was defined by MTT assay. RPMI 8226 cells were divided into 4 groups: control group, hyperthermia (42°C) group, chemotherapy (ADM) group and combination group (42°C + ADM), the survival rate of RPMI 8226 cells in 4 groups was detected by trypan blue exclusion, the inhibitory effect of hyperthermia on proliferation of RPMI 8226 cells was detected by MTT assay, the cell cycle distribution, apoptosis rate of cells, intracellular ADM concentration and P-gp expression level were measured by flow cytometry. The 1/4 IC(50) of ADM was defined as the working concentration in the experiment. The results indicated that the hyperthermia promoted the entering the cells from in G(0)/G(1) phase into S and G(2)/M phases, the expression of P-gp protein on cells in hyperthermia and combination groups was down-regulated, the intracellular ADM concentration in combination group obviously increased. It is concluded that the hyperthermia combined with ADM obviously enhance the inhibitory effect on proliferation of RPMI 8226 cells. The hyperthermia increases the sensitivity of RPMI 8226 cells to chemotherapy through down-regulating the expression of P-gp protein on cells and increasing the intracellular ADM concentration.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cold Temperature , Doxorubicin , Pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 610-613, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251515

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the frequencies and prognostic significance of the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2) mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to explore their relevance to clinical, cytogenetic and molecular feature.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Genomic DNA from 96 newly diagnosed AML patients from Sep. 2009 to Jan. 2011 was screened by RT-PCR and sequencing for IDH1 and 1DH2 mutation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prevalence of IDH1 (p. P127 and p. I130) and IDH2 mutations (p. R140) was 14.6% (14/ 96) and 2.17% (2/96) respectively. The IDH1 mutations of p. P127 and p. I130 were not reported so far in literature. Of 14 IDH1 mutation patients, 10 were with normal karyotype and the differences had statistical significance (P=0.021). Two patients with IDH2 mutation were also with normal karyotype. IDH2 mutations were in older patients at diagnosis. Patients with IDH mutation had higher white blood cell counts, lower platelet counts, expression of HLA-DR, CD34, CD33 and CD13, lower remission rate and higher relapse rate.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>IDH mutation is recurring genetic change in AML and indicates poor prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , DNA Mutational Analysis , Female , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Prognosis , Young Adult
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1128-1131, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237580

ABSTRACT

The purpose of study was to investigate the feasibility for establishing erythroleukemia model in CB6F1 mice by transplant with haploidentical mouse leukemic cell line FBL-3 and to explore the biological characteristics of FBL-3 cells in CB6F1 mice, CB6F1 and C57BL/6 mice were inoculated intravenously at doses of 1×10(3)-1×10(7) FBL-3 cells respectively. The survival time, the count of peripheral white blood cells, the percentage of erythroblasts and chromosome of these mice were observed. The liver, spleen, lung and kidney were obtained from the dying CB6F1 mice for pathological examination. The ultrastructure of erythroblasts in bone marrow and spleen was observed by transmission electron microscopy as soon as these mice died. Expression of MHC molecules and karyotype of spleen and bone marrow cell were measured. The results showed that 100% and 92.5% incidences of erythroleukemia were observed when 1×10(3)-1×10(7) FBL-3 cells had been administrated intravenously to CB6F1 and C57BL/6 mouse, respectively. There was a linear relationship between the survival time and the number of inoculated leukemic cells. The survival time of CB6F1 was longer than C57BL/6 mice inoculated the same number cell. The main targets for FBL-3 cell infiltration were liver, spleen, marrow, lung and kidney. The reaction of FBL-3 cells to glycogen staining was positive, while the to reaction peroxidase, alkaline phosphatase and butyric acid staining were negative, reaction to chloroacetic acid staining partially was positive. Virus-like particles were found in the spleen and bone marrow cells under electron microscope. Chromosomes of spleen and bone marrow cells in the majority were non-diploid, and the expression of H-2b increased, H-2d expression decreased. It is concluded that the erythroleukemia mouse model can be established in CB6F1 mice transplanted with leukemic FBL-3 cells, that provides a convenience experimental erythroleukemia model for study.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neoplasm Transplantation
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1479-1483, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332334

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to explore the biological effects suppressing growth and inducing apoptosis of Chinese medicine compound FFJZ on leukemia cell line K562 and its possible mechanisms of FFJZ. The growth status of K562 cells cultured in vitro was determined by trypan blue exclusion test; the suppressive effect of FFJZ on K562 cells was assayed by MTT method; the inducing apoptosis of FFJZ on K562 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The results showed that after K562 cells were treated with FFJZ in certain concentration range, the inhibited rate of FFJZ on K562 cell growth was remarkably increased along with enhancement of FFJZ, the IC(50) value of FFJZ on K562 cells was 5.6 mg/ml after treatment for 48 hours. At 4 mg/ml of FFJZ the early apoptosis predominated in K562 cells, at 8 mg/ml of FFJZ the late apoptosis ratio significantly increased. As compared with control group without FFJZ, there was significant difference (p < 0.01). It is concluded that the FFJZ in range of certain concentration can suppress growth and proliferation of K562 cells and induce their apoptosis in concentration-dependent manner, the mechanism of which may be associated to inducing apoptosis of K562 cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Humans , K562 Cells
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