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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879449

ABSTRACT

In the process of repairing of bone defects, bone scaffold materials need to be implanted to restore the corresponding tissue structure at the injury. At present, the repair materials used for bone defects mainly include autogenous bone, allogeneic bone, metal materials, bioceramics, polymer materials and various composite materials. Different materials have demonstrated strong reconstruction ability in bone repair, but the ideal bone implants in the clinic are still yet to be established. Except for autogenous bone, other materials used in bone defect repair are unable to perfectly balance biocompatibility, bone formation, bone conduction and osteoinduction. Combining the latest advances in materials sciences and clinical application, we believe that composite materials supplementedwith Chinese medicine, tissue cells, cytokines, trace elements, etc. and manufactured using advanced technologies such as additive manufacturing technology may have ideal bone repair performance, and may have profound significance in clinical repair of bone defects of special type. This article reviewed to the domestic and foreign literature in recent years, and elaborates the current status of bone defect repair materials in clinical application and basic research in regard to the advantages, clinical options, shortcomings, and how to improve the autogenous bone, allogeneic bone and artificial bone materials, in order to provide a theoretical basis for clinical management of bone defects.


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Substitutes , Bone and Bones , Osteogenesis , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773834

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the clinical efficacy of Tri-Lock bio-short prosthesis in artificial total hip arthroplasty(THA) in young patients with Dorr type C femoral medullary cavity.@*METHODS@#From January 2010 to January 2014, 35 young patients(37 hips) with in the chimney-like femoral medullary cavity received Tri-Lock BPS prosthesis of THA, including 18 males(20 hips) and 17 females with an average age of (32.2±3.0) years old ranging from 21.2 to 38.5 years old. There were 16 cases of rheumatoid hip arthritis (17 hips), 8 cases of rheumatoid arthritis (9 hips), and 11 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head (11 hips). All cases were complicated with different degrees of osteoporosis. According to Singh index, 26 cases were classified as Grade III and 9 cases as Grade II. Biological prostheses were used for the acetabulum, with ceramic lining and full ceramic femoral head. The proximal femoral medullary cavity was Dorr type C on anteroposterior X-ray. After replacement, X-ray examination was performed to locate the prosthesis stem. Engh and Harris criteria were used to evaluate the stability of bone-prosthesis interface and hip function, respectively. Changes of hip movement pre-operation and at last follow-up were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 18 to 45 months(means 33.8 months). Harris hip scores in 35 cases (37 hips) increased significantly from preoperative 61.8±3.0 (51.2 to 73.5) to 93.3±6.5 (92.5 to 98.8) points at last follow-up (=54.745, <0.01). The hip mobility increased from (46.5±8.0)°(0° to 55°) before surgery to(101.2±10.5)°(85° to 130°) at the last follow-up, the difference was statistically significant(=133.091, <0.01). Immediately after surgery, the prostheses were tightly packed with the medullary cavity. At the final follow-up, 17 hips had significant femur cortical bone thickening;12 hips had varying degrees of stress occlusal bone resorption at proximal femoral, including 9 degree I(low femur density, round and blunt) and 3 degree II(involving small rotor) hips. Meanwhile, 15 hips had significant femur cortical bone thickening without thigh pain.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The cone-shaped short Tri-lock biological short-stem can fill Dorr C chimney-like medullary cavity and effectively retain good proximal femoral bone mass. Titanium microporous coating on the surface can effectively increase the friction of the prosthesis. The short-stem end in the medullary cavity can effectively avoid the occurrence of coxa varus.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Adult , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Femur , Femur Head , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259774

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the manipulation technique and clinical outcome of Tri-Lock bone preservation stem for acetabular protrusion combined with shorten defect of femoral head and neck.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2013 to December 2015, 10 patients(12 hips) with acetabular protrusion combined with shorten defect of femoral head and neck were treated with total hip arthroplasty(THA) including 5 males and 5 female with an average age of(51.6±3.0) years old ranging from 42.5 to 67.5 years old. The acetabular prostheses were all biological prosthesis with the ceramic lining, the whole ceramic femoral head was used in all the cases. The posterior-lateral hip incision was adopted in the surgery. The follow-up was carried out in 12 months after the surgery, and later once a year. The Harris score system in growth of femoral side described was used to assess the joint function of the patients before and after the surgery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ten patients were followed up for 8 to 48 months with an average of 33.0±3.5. All the incisions healed well and there were no complications such as femoral fracture, infection, dislocation and neurovascular injuries. The biological compression of the acetabulum and the stem of the femur was realized immediately after operation in 10 patients(12 hips). X-ray at 3 months after the operation showed bone growth were extended in a wide range, which could achieve bone fixation, no loosening and re-invagination. The range of hip movement increased from (45.8±7.5)° to (90.0±6.5)° at the final follow-up, with flexion increased to (89.0±6.0)°, abduction increased to (35.5±7.3)° and internal rotation increased to(31.8±6.6)°, the outer rotation increased to(32.6±5.2)°. The mean Harris scores had improved from 45.7±7.5 pre-operatively to 93.5±8.0 post-operatively, there was statistically significant difference between before and after surgery (=144.832,<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Combined with acetabular treatment, Tri-Lock bone retention of the femoral stem in the treatment of femoral head and neck with shortening of the acetabular retraction and severe hip joint soft tissue contracture in patients, could be well pressed and retained more bone. The reconstruction of the acetabulum and the delamination of soft tissue are required during the operation. The results were safe and satisfactory in the middle and short term follow-up.</p>

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259839

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a most common inflammatory joint disease with direct invasion of joint synovial membrane, cartilage and bone. Currently, although the RA mitigation drugs are being improved continously, but these drugs only can delay the development of joint dysfunction. Total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty(THA or TKA) has become the only choices for patients with advanced RA, and the joint function and deformity of the patients after surgical treatment can be improved to some extent. However, the progression of RA has a direct effect on the long-term clinical effect of the surgery, and how to improve perioperative management, and combine the joint replacement surgery and drug therapy effectively, have become the focus of attention in clinical doctors. This article intends to summarize the current situation of domestic and foreign management of usage of pre-operative drugs, operation skills, prosthesis selection, postoperative treatment, rehabilitation and complications, so as to improve the long-term efficacy of joint replacement.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304321

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To systematically review the effectiveness of minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty (MIS-THA) versus traditional total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with hip diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Through a method of combining Free words and keywords,we searched databases including PubMed,The Cochrane Library, EMbase,Web of Science, CBM , CNKI and Wanfang Data for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the comparison between MIS-THA and THA for hip disease from inception to June, 2014. Two reviewers independently screened literatures according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted data and assessed the quality of the included studies according to the "bias risk assessment" tool recommended by Cochrane Handbook 5.0 for Systematic Reviews. Then, meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirteen RCTs involving 1 213 cases of surgeries and total 1 284 hips (MIS-THA: n = 631; THA: n = 653) were identified. The results of meta-analysis showed that statistically significant differences were found in Harris hip score on the 3rd month after operation [MD = 8.37, 95% CI (6.02,10.72)], Hematocrit [MD = 0.02, 95% CI (0.01, 0.03)] and Hemoglobin [MD = 0.50, 95% CI (0.16, 0.85)] at the 48th hour after operation, changed value of femoral offset [MD = 0.30, 95% CI (0.04, 0.56)] between two groups. In the change value of femoral offset, THA was better than MIS-THA; There were no statistically significant differences between two groups in Harris hip score at 1st year after operation [MD = 3.26, 95% CI (-3.25, 9.76)], WOMAC score [MD = -0.53, 95% CI (-3.67, 2.60)] and Oxford score [MD = 1.34, 95% CI (-3.46, 6.13)] at the 6th week after operation, Hematocrit at the 8th hour after operation [MD = -0.01, 95% CI (-0.02, 0.00)], the incidence of hip varus [RR = 0.82, 95% CI (0.45,1.52)] and dislocation [RR = 1.40, 95% CI (0.48, 4.12)].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>THA brings less trauma, less hemorrhage and better early clinical outcome compared with MIS-THA, but the difference of the complication rates between the two groups is similar.</p>


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Methods , Humans , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Methods
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281374

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe influence of JAK2/STAT3 signal pathway mediating curcumin in cartilage cell metabolism of osteoarthritis and mitochondria oxidative stress resistance;also explore the role of JAK2/STAT3 signal pathway and effect of curcumin in this process.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifteen male SPF C57BL/6 rats rweighted from 10.05 to 15.00 g with an average of 12.80 g were collected and randomly divided into control group, OA group(modeled as OA by Glasson SS), curcumin with OA group (100 mg/kg curcumin were performed intraperitoneal injection every day based on OA group), 5 rats in each group. Rats were taken off the neck after 4 weeks, morphologic change were observed, specimens changes were observed by histochemical methods;p-JAK2, p-STAT3 and Bax protein expression were detected by Western blot;At the same time, the changes of mitochondria oxidative stress index such as succinate dehydrogenase(SDH) and cytochrome C oxydase(COX) in each group were detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 4 weeks, cartilage tissue showed translucent shape, no swelling and congestion, the number of cartilage cell increased, nuclei liked oval, chromatin arranged uniform in control group;in curcumin with OA group, joint showed slightly swelling without congestion, the formation of cartilage cell was regular, and number of cell decreased;while in OA group, the surface of joint was roughness with mild damage, cell arrangement was a bit disorder, nuclear was disappeared under vision and dyeing was uneven. Compared with control group, p-JAK2, p-STAT3 protein expression was decreased in OA and curcumin with OA group(<0.05), Bax protein expression was increased (<0.05), SDA and COX protein expression were reduced (<0.05). Compared with OA group, p-JAK2, p-STAT3 protein expression was increased in curcumin with OA, Bax protein expression was decreased (<0.05), SDA and COX protein expression were increased (<0.05), and had statistical differences among three groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>JAK2/STAT3 signal pathway is closely associated with pathology course of osteoarthritis, curcumin could stimulate JAK2/STAT3 signal pathway and promote mitochondria oxidative stress. It could obviously relieve degeneration of articular cartilage and slow lower progress of OA.</p>

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345225

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correct method of bone resection and posterior capsular soft tissue releasing in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for the patients with rheumatoid arthritis with stiff knee in flexion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From November 2009 to January 2012,15 patients with rheumatoid arthritis with stiff knee in flexion underwent primary TKA and releasing of the posterior soft tissues. There were 7 males and 8 females,aged 22 to 75 years old (58.7 years old on average). The preoperative range of movement(ROM) was (3.2 ± 1.7)°. According to Knee Society score (KSS) criterion, the preoperative clinical score was 23.3 ± 12.5 and functional score was 35.2 ± 9.8. Based on the correct osteotomy, effective releasing of posterior structures was used for different degrees of flexion contracture during the TKA procedure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up, and the average duration was 2.3 years (1.6 to 3 years). At the latest follow-up,the KSS clinical score was 81.7 ± 6.5 and functional score was 82.8 ± 9.3. The flexion and extension ROM of the knee joint was (103.5 ± 13.1). Three knees remained 50 flexion contracture deformity, but the function of the affect knees was good.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The effective releasing of the soft tissue of posterior capsule is a major management for correction of the flexion contracture in TKA. The correct releasing of posterior structure can not only achieve fundamental gap of TKA but also effectively avoid bone over-resection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , General Surgery , Arthrogryposis , General Surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Methods , Female , Humans , Joint Capsule Release , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240986

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare therapeutic effects between arthroscopic medial retinaculum plication and plaster external fixation for the treatment of acute patellar dislocation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February 2006 to October 2012,29 patients with acute patellar dislocation were divided into two groups: operation group and non-operation group. The patellar dislocation duration was 2 weeks. In operation group, there were 7 males and 10 females, with an average age of (16.2 ± 6.2) years old, and the patients were treated with arthroscopic medial retinaculum plication. In non-operation group, there were 5 males and 7 females,with an average age of (16.3 ± 5.0) years old,and the patients were treated with plaster external fixation. The Kujala scores, patellar tilt angle measured on CT film, apprehension test and recurrence rate of patellar instability were observed before and 1 year after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In operation group, the pre-treatment and post-treatment patellar tilt angles had no statistical difference, but the post-treatment Kujala score was lower than that of pre-treatment; while in non-operation group, the post-treatment patellar tilt angle was larger than that of pre-treatment, and the post-treatment Kujala score was lower than that of pre-treatment. At 1 year after treatment, the patellar tilt angle (21.2 ± 5.3) of patients in non-operation group was larger than (13.5 ± 3.5) of operation group, and the Kujala score 73.3 ± 10.5 of patient in non-operation group was lower than 84.1 ± 5.6 of operation group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>During 1 year after operation, arthroscopic medical retinaculum plication is a more effective treatment for acute patellar dislocation compared with plaster external fixation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Arthroscopy , Case-Control Studies , Casts, Surgical , Child , Female , Fracture Fixation , Humans , Male , Patellar Dislocation , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Patellar Ligament , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301823

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study modified ilioinguinal approach through the retrospective analysis on the surgical treatment of 63 patients with pelvic and acetabular fractures through anterior approach.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2006 to January 2013, 63 patients with pelvic and acetabular fractures were treated with the ilioinguinal anterior approach, including 45 males and 18 females, ranging in age from 12 to 68 years old, with an average of (37.71 +/- 13.41) years old. All the patients were divided into two groups: standard ilioinguinal anterior approach group (group A) and modified ilioinguinal anterior approach group(group B). In group A, there were 26 males and 11 females, with an average age of (38.49 +/- 13.64) years old. In group B, there were 19 males and 7 females, with an average age of (36.62 +/- 13.29) years old. Intraoperative and postoperative indicators in group A and B were observed and compared, including operation incision exposure time (from skin incision to complete the ilioinguinal in front of three "windows"), the blood loss, incision close time and treatment effect of Majeed function score.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to group A, the incision exposure time of patients in group B was shorter, the blood loss (bleeding during exposure process) was less, and the close incision time was shorter, but the treatment effect of Majeed function score had no significant differences between two groups. All the patients were followed up, and the during ranged from 3 to 36 months, with an average of (18.6 +/- 9.2) months. According to Matta standard assessment reduction of pelvic and acetabular fracture, there were 28 patients got an excellent result, 8 good, and 1 fair in the group A; and 20 patients got an excellent result, 5 good, and 1 fair in the group B. According to Majeed function score for hip function, 20 patients got a satisfactory result, 12 good,4 fair and 1 poor in group A, and the mean score was 82.51 +/- 9.72; and 13 patients got an satisfactory result, 10 good, 3 fair and 0 poor in group B, and the mean score was 80.54 +/- 10.79.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The modified approach has several advantages as follows: providing a good surgical exposure; preventing from the injury of femoral nerve, femoral artery and vein under the inguinal ligament; not needing to open the inguinal canal, which can avoid the occurrence of inguinal hernia, reduce operation prodedures and shorten operation time.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Case-Control Studies , Child , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
10.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E260-E265, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804381

ABSTRACT

Objective By measuring the microstructure parameters of cancellous bone in vertebral bodies with different bone mineral density (BMD) levels, to study the correlation between such parameters and the corresponding maximum pullout strength (MPS) when fixed by pedicle screws, so as to understand if the microstructure parameters are related with screw stability and further to reveal the cause of screw loosening. Methods Based on the BMD detection results, fresh human cadaver spines were stratified into four levels: normal, osteopenia, osteoporosis and severe osteoporosis, according to diagnosis criteria in clinic. The corresponding vertebral specimens were then instrumented with pedicle screws, and screw pullout tests were conducted to measure the MPS of such screws. All the vertebral specimens were collected subsequently, and the cancellous bone cylinders were drilled from the center of each vertebra for micro CT scanning. Microstructure parameters of the vertebral trabecular bone at different BMD levels were obtained to investigate the interrelationships in between, and the relationships between the microstruture parameters and corresponding MPS of pedicle screws with osteoporosis severity were then compared. Results With the decline of BMD from normal to severe osteoporosis level, the corresponding MPS of pedicle screws was significantly declined. With the severity of osteoporosis increasing, the progressive bone volume loss, mechanical incompetence and microstructure deterioration also appeared evidently. Significant differences were found in microstructure parameters at different BMD levels. Strong correlations were extensively observed among BMD, microstructure parameters and MPS of screws. The MPS of pedicle screws was highly correlated with bone volume over total volume (BV/TV), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th) and trabecular separation (Tb.Sp) from micro-CT scanning. Conclusions Significant deterioration would occur in bone tissues with the decline of BMD level, and the MPS of pedicle screws was highly correlated with some microstructure parameters.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250699

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate characteristics of treating dislocation and fracture of sacroiliac joint through anterior and posterior approaches.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between January 2006 and September 2012, 39 patients with dislocations and fractures of sacroiliac joint were treated with operation. There were 28 males and 11 females, aged 12 to 64 (mean, 41.3) years old. Seventeen cases were chosen through anterior approach, 13 cases through posterior and 9 cases were combined with anterior and posterior approaches. The anterior approach were made with supine position, performed open reduction, and two plates with 4 holes were used as internal fixation for arthrodesis of sacroiliac joint after reduction; while posterior approach prone position, close or open reduction was performed, and one or two partial thread lag screws, which with 7.3 mm in diameter and 60 to 75 mm in length, were penetrated via sacroiliac joint for fixation under X-ray. Postoperative complications were observed, Matta and Majeed scoring were used to evaluated currative effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 6 to 36 months. The patient could sit on the bed 2 to 4 weeks after surgery and walk with a crane 6 weeks' later. No breakage or loosening of screw occurred during follow-up. In all but one case with old sacral iliac fractures reducted poor, others obtained good opposition. According to Matta's criteria, 30 cases got excellent results, 8 good and 1 fair. According to Majeed's funtional standard, 14 patients got excellent results, 20 good 4 fair and 1 poor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Treating dislocation and fracture of sacroiliac joint through anterior and posterior approaches can obtain good effects. However, anatomic location, fracture types, degree of displacement, the rate of preoperational reduction, vulnerability assessment of operation and fixation strength should be considered.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bone Screws , Child , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Humans , Internal Fixators , Joint Dislocations , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Sacroiliac Joint , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274465

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prosthesis selection, precaution and curative effect of total knee replacement in severe gonarthrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 1996 to July 2009, 50 patients (58 knees) with severe gonarthrosis underwent total knee replacement, included 12 males and 38 females, aged from 46 to 80 years with an average age of 66.5 years old. Six artificial hinged knee joints, 37 general knee joints and 15 ScorpioNRG knee joints were used according to the deformity of the knees. Fifty patients (58 knees) were followed up and evaluated with the HSS (the Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Score) scoring system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The duration of follow-up ranged from 6 months to 8 years (means 62 months). According to the HSS scoring system, the mean preoperative score was (38.6 +/- 8.76) points, and the postoperative score was (86.50 +/- 9.45) points. The clinical effect was excellent in 20 cases (23 knees), good in 28 cases (32 knees),and acceptable in 2 cases (3 knees).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Stable and functional recovery knee joint without deformities and pains could be obtained after total knee replacement by carefully chosing of prosthetic replacements according to the different degrees of joint deformity of severe gonarthrosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Joint Deformities, Acquired , General Surgery , Knee Joint , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Pathology , General Surgery
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340180

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of Ginkgo biloba extract (GbE) on the activities of energy metabolism enzymes and contraction capacity of diaphragm from type 2 diabetic rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty SD male rats were randomly divided into normal control group (n=10) and model group (n=30). Type 2 diabetes models were induced by feeding with high-sucrose-high-fat diet and intraperitoneal injecting 25 mg/kg streptozotocin. 20 successful models were rearranged to two groups: diabetic group and GbE treatment group, 10 rats in each. Then the saline and 8 mg/(kg x d) of GbE were respectively intraperitoneal injected, once a day continuously for 8 weeks. Then diaphragm contractility was assessed using Peak twitch tension (Pt), Maximum tetanic tension (P0) and fatigue index (FI) in vitro diaphragm strip preparations. Cytochrome oxidase (CCO), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) in diaphragm were detected and the varieties of diaphragm ultrastructure were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with control group, Pt, P0 and FI in diabetic group decreased significantly (P < 0.01); the activity of CCO, LDH and SDH in the tissues was more obviously reduced than those in control group (P < 0.01). The ultrastructure in diabetic group under electron microscope indicated that diaphragm mitochondrions swelled and degenerated. The above changes were inhibited by GbE.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GbE can enhance contraction capacity of diaphragm from type 2 diabetic rats by increasing the aerobic oxidation capacity, glycolytic capacity and the function of respiratory chain.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diaphragm , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Ginkgo biloba , Chemistry , Male , Muscle Contraction , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236237

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of ginkgo leaf extract (GLE) on vascular endothelial function (VEF) in patients with early stage diabetic nephropathy (DN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-four patients were randomized equally by a randomzing digital table into two groups, the treated group and the control group. They were all treated for 8 weeks with conventional therapy for diabetes, but GLE tablets were given to the treated group additionally. Changes in VEF were estimated before and after treatment by ultrasonic examination of the brachial artery. In the meantime, changes in plasma levels of the von Willebrand factor (vWF), nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) were observed as well.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The brachial arterial endothelium dependent dilating function in the treated group increased from 4.91+/-2.31% before treatment to 6.78+/-3.89% after treatment (P<0.05), while the level of vWF decreased from 182.05+/-64.13% to 128.56+/-48.98%, and that of NO increased from 50.16+/-24.64 micromol/L to 70.65+/-28.71 micromol/L (P<0.01). However, these indexes were not significantly changed in the control group after treatment (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GLE could decrease the plasma level of vWF, raise the plasma NO level and improve the endothelium dependent vascular dilating function in DN patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Brachial Artery , Pathology , Diabetic Nephropathies , Blood , Drug Therapy , Endothelium, Vascular , Female , Ginkgo biloba , Chemistry , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Plant Leaves , Chemistry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234756

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of extract of Gingko biloba (EGb) on soluble intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) in patients with early diabetic nephropathy (DN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-three patients with DN in early stage were randomly assigned to the control group (29 cases) and the treatment group (34 cases). Both groups were treated by routine treatment, and with EGb given to the treatment group additionally. The treatment course was 2 months. Serum sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 were determined with ELISA before and after treatment, and urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), serum creatinine (SCr) and blood lipids, etc. were examined as well.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of serum sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 were significantly lower in both groups after treatment than those before treatment (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), and the decrement in the treatment group was more significant than that in the control group (P < 0.01). And the levels of UAER, SCr and blood lipids decreased in the treatment group after treatment (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EGb could retard the development of early DN through decreasing the levels of serum sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Diabetic Nephropathies , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Ginkgo biloba , Chemistry , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Phytotherapy , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Blood
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287064

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the protective effect of Gingko biloba extract (EGb) against myocardial impairment in diabetic rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Morphology of effect of EGb on myocardium in diabetic rats was observed under light microscopy (LM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Activity of super oxide dismutase (SOD), nitric oxide synthase (NOS), constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS), inductive nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and content of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO) were detected biochemically in myocardial homogenate.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>It was manifestation as vascular degeneration and local lysis of myocardial fiber under LM and swelling of mitochondria, shorten of mitochondrial crest, lysis of myofibril under TEM, the activity of SOD decreased and the activity of NOS, iNOS, the content of NO, MDA increased, but the morphological changes became slight in EGb treatment group. Activity of SOD increased while activity of NOS, iNOS and content of MDA, NO decreased in EGb treatment group compared with diabetic group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EGb can protect diabetic myocardium and anti-lipid peroxidation and decrease of NO level may be involved in it.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Ginkgo biloba , Lipid Peroxidation , Male , Myocardium , Metabolism , Pathology , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Metabolism , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
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