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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777936

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity among residents aged 35 years or older in Yuhuan county of Zhejiang Province and explore the associations of overweight and obesity with hypertension. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 124 693 permanent residents aged 35 years or older, who were randomly selected using cluster sampling method from Yuhuan county. Results The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 34.53% and 10.18% among subjects, respectively. The overweight prevalence for male (35.56%) was higher than that for female (33.66%), whereas the obesity prevalence for female (11.26%) was higher than that for male (8.90%) (all P<0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that age, education, occupation, regular physical exercise, smoking, drinking and high-salt diet were possible factors for overweight and obesity (all P<0.05). After adjustment for covariates, compared to participants with normal weight, the multivariate logistic regression indicated that the adjusted odds ratio (OR) and their 95% confidential interval of overweight and obesity were 2.02 (95% CI:1.93-2.11) and 3.83 (95% CI:3.57-4.10) for hypertension in men, and were 1.94(95% CI:1.86-2.02)and 3.56(95% CI:3.35-3.77) in women, respectively. Conclusions The prevalence of overweight and obesity was high among residents aged 35 years or older in Yuhuan county, and they may relate to the increasing risk of hypertension.

2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1119-1122, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792563

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between pulse blood pressure and cognitive function for the elders in Yuhuan County,Zhejiang Province.Methods Multi -stage cluster method was used to select 1 700 residents aged over 60 years in Yuhuan County,Zhejiang Province.Mini -Mental State Examination (MMSE)was used to screen cognitive impairment.Locally weighted scatter plot smoothing was used to explore the local linear trend between MMSE score and diastolic.The association between pulse pressure or blood pressure and cognitive function was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression analysis.Results The prevalence of cognitive impairments for the elders aged over 60 years in Yuhuan County was 15.74%.There was significant difference between the pulse blood pressure of cognitive impairment group (64.01 ±16.31)mmHg and none -cognitive impairment group (58.97 ±14.67)mmHg.The t value was 4.97.Pulse blood pressure and the elderly MMSE score showed a significant positive correlation.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that cognitive function related to diastolic blood pressure (OR =1.010,95% CI:1.001 -1.019,P =0.034)after adjusting several covariate.Conclusion Normal cognitive function was associated with decreased pulse blood pressure among the elders aged over 60 years in Yunhuan County,Zhejiang Province.

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