Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 472
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3330-3338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999077

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered to be a manifestation of metabolic syndrome and has become one of the chronic diseases that endanger health around the world. There is still a lack of effective therapeutic drugs in clinical practice. Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) has been a popular target for NAFLD research in recent years. Fexaramine (Fex) is a potent and selective agonist of FXR, and its mechanism of action to improve NAFLD is unclear. Therefore, in this study, a mouse model of NAFLD was constructed using a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet and treated with Fex orally for 6 weeks. We evaluated the ameliorative effect of Fex on disorders of glucolipid metabolism in NAFLD mice, and preliminarily explored its potential mechanism of action. The animal experiments were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (approval number: PZSHUTCM210913011). In this study, it was found that 100 mg·kg-1 Fex significantly inhibited body weight gain, alleviated insulin resistance, improved liver injury and lipid accumulation in NAFLD mice. The effect of Fex on the expression of hepatic intestinal FXR and its target genes in NAFLD mice was further examined. Analysis of serum and hepatic bile acid profiles and expression related to hepatic lipid metabolism. It was found that Fex could stimulate intestinal FXR, promote fibroblast growth factor 15 (FGF15) secretion, inhibit the expression of cytochrome P450 family 7 subfamily A member 1 (CYP7A1), the rate-limiting enzyme of bile acid synthesis in liver, regulate bile acid synthesis by negative feedback, and improve the disorder of bile acid metabolism. At the same time, Fex reduces liver lipid synthesis and absorption, increases fatty acid oxidation, thus improving liver lipid metabolism. This study shows that Fex can improve NAFLD by activating intestinal FXR-FGF15 signal pathway and regulating liver lipid metabolism.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 696-700, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993876

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the practicality and safety of performing a radical prostatectomy(RP)shortly after the diagnosis of prostate cancer using a combination of prostate targeted biopsy and intraoperative frozen section.Methods:Prospective enrollment was conducted for patients suspected of having prostate cancer based on abnormal prostate specific antigen(PSA)levels.The inclusion criteria for the study were as follows: patients aged 80 years or younger with an ECOG score of 1 or lower.Prior to biopsy, patients underwent both prostate magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)and prostate specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography/computed tomography(PSMA PET/CT)to determine the likelihood of prostate cancer with clinical stages within T 2-3aN 0M 0.In order to be included in the study, patients must agree to receive RP after their prostate cancer diagnosis has been confirmed by biopsy.All enrolled patients underwent a targeted prostate biopsy, consisting of 1-2 cores.These specimens were then examined through frozen section analysis.For patients diagnosed with prostate cancer through intraoperative frozen section pathology, RP was immediately performed.In this study, transperineal prostate targeted+ systematic biopsy was utilized for patients with undiagnosed prostate cancer.Additionally, routine pathological examination of specimens was conducted.The study analyzed the baseline data, surgical conditions, pathological results, and follow-up information of patients in a descriptive manner. Results:Seven patients, ranging in age from 54 to 77 years with a mean age of 66.7 years, were enrolled in the study.Their mean PSA level was 12.668 μg/L, ranging from 4.359 to 22.195 μg/L.Of these patients, 4 had a PI-RADS score of 4 and 3 had a score of 5.The maximum diameter of the index lesion was 1.3 cm, ranging from 0.5 to 2.2 cm.PSMA PET/CT scores were 4 in 1 case and 5 in 6 cases.The index lesions detected by PSMA PET/CT were consistent with those detected by MRI, and the maximum standardized uptake value(SUVmax)was 15.7, ranging from 5.3 to 39.4.Prostate cancer was diagnosed through targeted biopsy and intraoperative frozen section pathology.Four cases had a Gleason score of 3+ 3=6, while one case had a Gleason score of 3+ 4=7, another had a score of 4+ 3=7, and the last had a score of 4+ 4=8.All patients underwent RP treatment immediately after the prostate cancer diagnosis.Only one patient had slight adhesion at the apex of the prostate, while the other six patients were evaluated by surgeons as having no obvious adhesion at the apex.All surgeries were completed successfully, with a mean operation time of 149.7(ranging from 108 to 255)minutes.After RP, whole mount pathology results indicated that all cases were prostate adenocarcinoma, with a Gleason score of 3+ 4=7 in four cases and 4+ 3=7 in three cases.The pathological stages were pT2 in three cases and pT3a in four cases, with five cases having negative surgical margins and two cases with positive surgical margins.During the study, all patients were monitored for a period of 5.4 months(ranging from 3 to 7 months)and no complications of Clavien Dino≥Ⅰ were observed.PSA levels were measured at 6 weeks and 3 months after surgery, with readings of 0.020 μg/L(ranging from 0 to 0.079 μg/L)and 0.016 μg/L(ranging from 0 to 0.087 μg/L), respectively.No hormonal therapy or radiotherapy was administered during this time.Four patients were able to recover from urinary continence.Conclusions:Based on a combination of MRI and PSMA PET/CT, it is both safe and feasible to promptly perform RP following the diagnosis of prostate cancer through targeted biopsy for index lesions, along with intraoperative frozen section.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 475-479, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between body mass index (BMI) and the incidence of thyroid nodules, the clinical characteristics and efficacy evaluation of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), respectively.Methods:Clinical data of 1 375 healthy people (1 031 males, 344 females, age: (43.5±10.6) years) who underwent routine physical examination (PE) and 1 450 patients (490 males, 960 females, age: (44.3±12.4) years) with medium-high risk DTC in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from April 2016 to July 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. PE and DTC patients were classified into underweight group (BMI<18.5 kg/m 2), normal weight group (18.5≤BMI<24.0 kg/m 2), overweight group (24.0≤BMI<28.0 kg/m 2) and obesity group (BMI≥28.0 kg/m 2) respectively. χ2 test was employed to analyze the relation between BMI and thyroid nodules (with/without), BMI and clinical characteristics and efficacy evaluation of DTC, respectively. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent risk factors for the occurrence of thyroid nodules and the aggressiveness of DTC. Results:Among PE, there were 779 cases with nodules, and 596 cases without nodules. Comparing with those without nodules, more overweight and obese were found in PE cases with nodules (42.1%(328/779) vs 37.2%(222/596), 24.5%(191/779) vs 20.5%(122/596); χ2=13.42, P=0.004). Higher risk of developing thyroid nodules was related with older age and lower thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level (odds ratio ( OR): 1.044, 0.919, 95% CI: 1.029-1.060, 0.845-0.999; P<0.001, P=0.046). People with high-risk nodules were more likely to be obese than those with intermediate and lower risk nodules (5/15 vs 24.3% (186/764); χ2=21.11, P<0.001). Among 1 450 DTC patients, comparing with patients with normal weight, patients in the overweight and obesity groups were more likely to have central regional lymph node metastasis ( OR: 1.418, 1.427, 95% CI: 1.075-1.870, 1.044-1.952; P values: 0.013, 0.026), and patients in obese group were with greater risk of lesions being bilateral ( OR=0.696, 95% CI: 0.519-0.934; P=0.016). BMI was not related with the efficacy evaluation of DTC ( χ2=9.13, P=0.425). Conclusions:The incidence of thyroid nodules in people with high BMI is higher. DTC patients with high BMI may have more aggressive incidence. But BMI has no correlation with the efficacy evaluation of DTC patients after treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 230-235, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993584

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study whether male was the risk factor for prognosis of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) after 131I treatment based on propensity score matching (PSM) method. Methods:From April 2016 to January 2021, 1 677 patients (age: 11-84 (43.9±12.5) years) with DTC who underwent total thyroidectomy and received 131I treatment in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital were retrospectively enrolled and patients were divided into male group ( n=546) and female group ( n=1 131). The evaluation results of patients were divided into excellent response (ER), indeterminate response (IDR), biochemical incomplete response (BIR) and structural incomplete response (SIR). Among them, ER and IDR were divided into good prognosis group, and BIR and SIR were divided into poor prognosis group. The PSM method was adopted to process all data to reduce the influence of data bias and confounding variables. χ2 test was used for data analysis. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors affecting prognosis, and ROC curve was used to analyze the relationship between stimulated thyroglobulin (sTg) level and poor prognosis. Results:Before PSM, the proportion of male patients with poor prognosis was significantly higher than that of female patients (21.2%(116/546) vs 14.0%(158/1 131); χ2=17.53, P=0.001). After PSM, there was no difference in the proportion of poor prognosis between male and female groups (19.9%(107/537) vs 15.6%(84/537); χ2=5.43, P=0.143). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that male (odds radio ( OR)=1.439 (95% CI: 1.016-2.038), P=0.040), high T stage(T3+ T4 stage)( OR=1.816 (95% CI: 1.273-2.590), P=0.001), N1b stage ( OR=1.766 (95% CI: 1.233-2.530), P=0.002), M1 stage ( OR=9.833 (95% CI: 3.190-30.309), P<0.001) and sTg level ( OR=1.035 (95% CI: 1.029-1.042), P<0.001) were risk factors for poor prognosis before PSM, while high T stage (T3+ T4 stage)( OR=1.870 (95% CI: 1.212-2.886), P=0.005), M1 stage ( OR=8.993 (95% CI: 2.434-33.225), P=0.001), sTg level ( OR=1.040 (95% CI: 1.030-1.049), P<0.001) were still risk factors, and N1b stage ( OR=1.459 (95% CI: 0.938-2.270), P=0.094), male ( OR=1.383 (95% CI: 0.912-2.096), P=0.127) were no longer risk factors for poor prognosis after PSM. ROC curve analysis showed that the cut-off value of sTg was 10.25 μg/L, with the sensitivity of 81.0%(222/274) and the specificity of 84.2%(1 181/1 403). Conclusions:After reduction of selection bias by PSM, male is no longer a risk factor for prognosis after 131I treatment of DTC. In addition, high T stage(T3+ T4 stage), M1 stage and sTg≥10.25 μg/L were risk factors for poor prognosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 495-501, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of cryptococcal meningitis patients with anti-granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) autoantibodies.Methods:A total of 216 non-acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related cryptococcal meningitis cases with positive cultures of Cryptococcus, hospitalized at Huashan Hospital, Fudan University during January 2014 and December 2021, were retrospectively included. The serum anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, and the clinical characteristics and prognosis were compared between patients with and without anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies. Statistical comparisons were mainly performed using the chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test. Cox proportional-hazards model was used to analyze the risk factors associated with prognosis. Results:Among 216 enrolled patients, 23 patients were positive of anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies, with a positive rate of 10.6%. Among 23 patients, seven cases were infected with Cryptococcus gattii, and 16 cases were infected with Cryptococcus neoformans. In the group with positive anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies, 30.4%(7/23) of the patients were infected with Cryptococcus gattii, which was higher than that of 1.6%(3/193) in the group with negative anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=38.82, P<0.001). In the group with positive anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies, 30.0% (6/20) had mass lesions with a diameter greater than three centimeters in the lungs, and the one-year all-cause mortality rate was 50.0% (10/20), which were both higher than those of 3.4%(5/145) and 16.1% (29/180) in the negative group, respectively. The differences were both statistically significant (both Fisher′s exact test, P<0.01). Age≥60 years (hazard ratio ( HR)=4.146, P=0.002), predisposing factors ( HR=3.160, P=0.021), epilepsy ( HR=6.129, P=0.002), positive anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies ( HR=2.675, P=0.034), white blood cell count of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)<100 ×10 6/L ( HR=2.736, P=0.039), the titers of cryptococcal capsular polysaccharide antigen of CSF≥1∶1 280 ( HR=4.361, P=0.009) were independent risk factors for one-year all-cause mortality in patients with cryptococcal meningitis. Conclusions:In non-AIDS related cryptococcal meningitis patients, the positive rate of serum anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies is as high as 10.6%. Patients with anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies could be infected with both Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii, and they have higher proportion of lung mass lesions than patients with negative anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies. The one-year survival rate decreases significantly in patients with anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies, which is an independent risk factor for the prognosis of cryptococcal meningitis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 632-636, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the prevalence of skeletal fluorosis in drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis areas in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (Inner Mongolia), and to provide reference for further prevention and treatment of skeletal fluorosis at this stage.Methods:From March to October 2019, a survey of skeletal fluorosis was carried out in all diseased villages of the eight diseased leagues (cities) in Inner Mongolia, including Alxa, Bayannur, Baotou, Ordos, Hohhot, Hulunbeier, Ulanqab and Xilingol. Permanent residents aged 18 years and above in the diseased villeges were investigated. Face to face questionnaires were used to collect the basic data of age, sex, epidemiological history, etc. of all subjects, and clinical examination of skeletal fluorosis was carried out. Drinking water samples were collected from residents for fluoride content testing.Results:A total of 123 166 residents aged 18 years and above were investigated, 1 781 cases of skeletal fluorosis were detected, and the detection rate was 1.45%. The degree of skeletal fluorosis was mild, accounting for 72.26% (1 287/1 781); the others were moderate and severe, accounting for 20.38% (363/1 781) and 7.36% (131/1 781), respectively. There were statistically significant differences in the detection rates of skeletal fluorosis among people of different water fluoride content, age, gender and regions (χ 2 = 565.96, 671.32, 4.38, 17 283.80, P < 0.05). Among them, the detection rates of skeletal fluorosis in water fluoride content > 4.0 mg/L, ≥56 years old and female population were relatively high, which were 5.21% (49/941), 2.26% (1 428/63 188) and 1.52% (905/59 555), respectively. The detection rates of skeletal fluorosis in Xilingol League and Baotou City were significantly higher, 25.48% (745/2 924) and 24.32% (225/925), respectively. Conclusion:The situation of skeletal fluorosis in drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis areas in Inner Mongolia has been effectively controlled, but there are still relatively many patients with skeletal fluorosis in some areas, and further targeted prevention and control work is needed.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1243-1249, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990325

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of grief among maternal spouse after perinatal loss, and analyze its influencing factors, so as to provide some reference for male grief supporting strategic.Methods:Using the convenient sampling method, 180 male spouses of hospitalized women in the Department of Obstetrics from Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital from March to October 2022 were recruited. A cross-sectional survey was conducted by the general questionnaire, the Perinatal Grief Scale, the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scale Ⅱ-Chinese Version, the Social Support Rating Scale, and the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire.Results:The overall score of the Perinatal Grief Scale in male spouses of women who experienced a perinatal loss was (61.57 ± 14.14) points. The score of the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scale Ⅱ-Chinese Version was (121 ± 14.42) points, the score of the Social Support Rating Scale was (34.23 ± 7.21) points, and the score of the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire was (36.08 ± 7.64) points. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that participation in fetal interaction, loss of fetal age, social support and family adaptability were the main factors affecting male grief ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The grief among male spouses of women who experienced a perinatal loss is at a low level. The clinical medical staff can refer to the influencing factors and implement effective support, such as respecting the male's father status, coordinating social support resources, and improving the family's coping ability, in order to alleviate men's grief and help them return to normal life.

8.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 82-86, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015258

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide anatomical basis for clinical treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation by studying the morphology of coracoid process of human scapula. Methods A total of 500 patients with shoulder injury were selected from the Affiliated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Southwest Medical University in Sichuan Province, and 300 patients were selected as subjects, including 159 cases of right shoulder and 141 cases of left shoulder. CT scan images and 3D reconstruction results of scapula of the subjects were collected. The basic morphological characteristics of coracoid process CT images of the subjects were observed, and the relevant parameters were measured, including the longest horizontal distance of the coracoid process tip and the thickness of the midpoint (cd, pp’), the distance from the upper part of the coracoid process scapula to the base and the thickness of the midpoint (mn, kk’). The distance from the apex of the coracoid process to the base of the coracoid process (ab), the longest horizontal distance of the recursion part of the coracoid process (ef), the distance of as (point s was the intersection of point a perpendicular to mn), the distance of hj (point h and j were the intersection of the base of the coracoid process and the recursion part respectively), and ik (point i was the intersection of point k perpendicular to mn and the coracoid process retraction). Results According to the morphological characteristics of coracoid process, they were divided into five types, including peanut 29. 7%; Short rod type accounted for 27. 4%; Melon seed type accounted for 12. 6%; Rod type accounted for 17. 0%; Wedge type accounted for 13. 3%. Through data comparison, it was found that the distance ef and distance hj on the left were larger than those on the right, P<0. 05. All types had statistical difference in comparison distance cd, P<0. 05. The melon seed type showed statistical differences with peanut type, wedge type, long stick type and short stick type in thickness pp’, distance ab and as of point p, P<0. 05. In the comparison of point K thickness kk’, there was statistical difference between melon seed type and other four types, P<0. 05. In the distance ab comparison, there was statistical difference between the short bar type and the other four types, P < 0. 05. Conclusion The study on the morphology of coracoid process can provide anatomical basis for clinical reconstruction of coracoid ligament to treat acromioclavicular joint dislocation.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1149-1156, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013791

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate the alleviating effect of NMDA receptor blocking on learning and memory impairment induced by gp120 in rats and its mechanism. Methods: (1 ) Thirty-two SD rats were randomly divided into control group, sham operation group, gpl20 group, and gp120 + Memantine group. Except for the control group, the other groups underwent a bilateral hippocampal injection to establish the model of learning and memory impairment in rats. Memantine (10 mg • kg

10.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 685-689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013155

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, serogroups and antimicrobial resistance of invasive non-typhoid Salmonella infection in children at Xiamen. Methods: Retrospective cohort study. The clinical manifestations, treatment, prognosis, serogroups and antimicrobial resistance of 29 hospitalized children with invasive non-typhoid Salmonella infection confirmed by blood, cerebrospinal fluid, bone marrow and other sterile body fluids or deep pus culture at the Department of Infectious Diseases, the Department of Orthopedics and the Department of General Surgery in Xiamen Children's Hospital from January 2016 to December 2021 were analyzed. According to the clinical diagnosis criteria, the patients were divided into sepsis group and non-sepsis group (bacteremia and local suppurative infection). The inflammatory markers, serogroups distribution and drug resistance were compared between the two groups. Comparison between groups using Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test. Results: Among the 29 cases, there were 17 males and 12 females, with an onset age of 14 (9, 25) months, and 10 cases (34%) of patients were younger than 1 year old, 15 cases (52%) under 1 to 3 years old, and 4 cases (14%) greater than or equal 3 years old. The onset time of 25 cases (86%) was from April to September. The diseases included 19 cases (66%) septicemia (2 of which were combined with suppurative meningitis), 10 cases (34%) non-sepsis group, including 7 cases bacteremia and 3 cases local suppurative infection (2 cases of osteomyelitis, 1 case of appendicitis with peritonitis). The clinical manifestations were fever in 29 cases (100%), diarrhea and abdominal pain in 18 cases (62%), cough and runny nose in 10 cases (34%). Eighteen cases (62%) were cured and 11 cases (38%) were improved by effective antibiotics treatment. C-reactive protein in sepsis group was significantly higher than that in non-sepsis group (25.2 (16.1, 56.4) vs. 3.4 (0.5, 7.5) mg/L, Z=-3.81, P<0.001).The serogroups of C, B and E were the most prevalent among non-typhoid Salmonella isolates, accounting for 10 cases (34%), 9 cases (31%) and 7 cases (24%) respectively. Antibacterial drug sensitivity test showed that the sensitivity rates of imipenem, ertapenem and piperaciratazobactam were all 100% (31/31), those of ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, and cefepime were 94% (29/31), 94% (29/31) and 97% (30/31) respectively. The drug resistance rates of ampicillin, ampicillin-sulbactam and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were 51% (16/31), 48% (15/31) and 48% (15/31) respectively, those of cefazolin, cefotetan, tobramycin, gentamicin and amikacinwere all 100% (31/31). There were no significant differences in the drug resistance rates of ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, aztreonam, ampicillin-sulbactam, ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and ciprofloxacin between the sepsis group and the non-sepsis group (χ2=0.31,0.31,0.00,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.26, all P>0.05). Conclusions: Invasive non-typhoid Salmonella infection in children at Xiamen mainly occurred in infants younger than 3 years old.The main clinical manifestations are fever, abdominal pain and diarrhea. C-reactive protein can be served as the laboratory indicators for indicating sepsis. The third generation of cephalosporins is recommended as the first choice for treatment.


Subject(s)
Infant , Male , Female , Child , Humans , Child, Preschool , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/therapeutic use , Ceftazidime/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , C-Reactive Protein , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Salmonella Infections/microbiology , Ampicillin/therapeutic use , Salmonella , Diarrhea/drug therapy , Bacteremia , Abdominal Pain , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
11.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1237-1243, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012399

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, and molecular genetic alterations of metaplastic thymoma (MT). Methods: A total of ten MT cases, diagnosed from 2011 to 2021, were selected from the Department of Pathology of Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China for clinicopathological and immunohistochemical (IHC) examination and clinical follow-up. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), next-generation sequencing (NGS), and YAP1 C-terminus (YAP1-CT) IHC were performed to detect YAP1::MAML2 fusions. Results: There were four males and six females, ranging in age from 29 to 60 years (mean 50 years, median 54 years). Microscopically, all tumors showed a typical biphasic morphology consisting of epithelial components and gradually or abruptly transitioning spindle cell components. The two components were present in varying proportions in different cases. Immunophenotypically, the epithelial cells were diffusely positive for CKpan, CK5/6 and p63. The spindle cells were diffusely positive for vimentin and focally positive for EMA. TdT was negative in the background lymphocytes. Ki-67 proliferation index was less than 5%. YAP1 and MAML2 break-apart FISH analyses showed that all ten cases had narrow split signals with a distance of nearly 2 signal diameters and may be considered false-negative. Using YAP1::MAML2 fusion FISH assays, abnormal fusion signals were observed in all the ten cases. NGS demonstrated YAP1::MAML2 fusions in all eight cases with adequate nucleic acids; in two cases the fusions were detected by DNA sequencing and in eight cases by RNA sequencing. All ten cases of MT demonstrated loss of YAP1 C-terminal expression in epithelioid cells. Conclusions: MT is a rare and low-grade thymic tumor characterized by a biphasic pattern and YAP1::MAML2 fusions. Break-apart FISH assays may sometimes show false-negative results due to the proximity of YAP1 and MAML2, while YAP1 C-terminal IHC is a highly sensitive and specific marker for MT. Loss of YAP1 C-terminal expression can also be used to screen YAP1::MAML2 fusions for possible MT cases.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Thymoma/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Transcription Factors/genetics , Mutation , Thymus Neoplasms/genetics
12.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 297-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006078

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the clinical characteristics and risk factors of renal function deterioration in children with renal dysplasia and chronic kidney disease (CKD), so as to provide a basis for the diagnosis, treatment, and management. 【Methods】 The clinical data of children with renal dysplasia complicated with CKD treated in the Children’s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University during 2012 and 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, including the gender, age of diagnosis, growth index, concomitant malformation and complications. According to the diagnostic criteria and staging standard of KDIGO2020 guidelines, patients with disease deteriorated to CKD stage 4-5 were enrolled into the regression group. Factors affecting the deterioration of renal function were determined with Cox regression analysis. 【Results】 A total of 122 children were involved, including 66 (54.1%) with CKD stag 4-5. There were more boys than girls. Bilateral and unilateral renal dysplasia occurred in 88 (72.13%) and 34 (27.87%) cases, respectively, and 64 (52.46%) cases were complicated with other urinary diseases. There were significant differences in weight, height and body mass index (BMI) among patients with CKD stage 1-5 (P<0.01). The age of onset of CKD <10 years, BMI lower than the 3rd percentile of the same sex and age, bilateral renal dysplasia, and one or more complications of congenital renal and urinary tract abnormalities (CAKUT) were the risk factors of deterioration of renal function (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Renal dysplasia complicated with CKD are more common in boys, with high incidence of bilateral renal dysplasia. Bilateral renal dysplasia, age of onset of CKD <10 years, BMI lower than 3% and complications are important influencing factors of renal dysplasia in children with CKD.

13.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 177-184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005741

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the effects of perceived risk of COVID-19 of college students on their anxiety and depression, as well as the roles of attention to negative information and perceived social support, so as to provide theoretical basis for colleges and universities to formulate corresponding intervention measures. 【Methods】 By the convenience sampling method, totally 1 404 college students from Shaanxi and Henan provinces were investigated online by using General Information Questionnaire, Perceived Risk of COVID-19 Pandemic Scale, Attention to Negative Information Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire, Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Perceived Social Support Scale. SPSS 20.0 was used for data analysis, Pearson correlation method was used to explore the correlation between variables. The mediating effect of attention to negative information and the moderating effect of perceived social support were analyzed by PROCESS. 【Results】 The scores of anxiety and depression of the 1 404 college students included in the study were 4.03±4.48 and 6.21±5.41, respectively. The detection rate of anxiety symptom was 29.9%, and that of depression symptom was 44.4%. The risk perception of COVID-19 epidemic of the college students was positively correlated with attention to negative information (r=0.373, P<0.001), anxiety (r=0.227, P<0.001), and depression (r=0.226, P<0.001). Anxiety (r=0.553, P<0.001) and depression (r=0.497, P<0.001) were positively correlated with attention to negative information, while perceived social support was negatively correlated with the risk perception of the COVID-19 (r=-0.154, P<0.001), attention to negative information (r=-0.259, P<0.001), anxiety (r=-0.321, P<0.001) and depression (r=-0.278, P<0.001). The risk perception of COVID-19 affected the anxiety and depression of the students mainly through the mediating effect of attention to negative information. The total effect of risk perception of COVID-19 and anxiety was 0.227, and the mediating effect accounted for 80.18% of the total effect. The total effect of risk perception of COVID-19 and depression was 0.228, and the mediating effect accounted for 90.35% of the total effect. Perceived social support played a moderating role in the last half of this mediating model. 【Conclusion】 Risk perception of COVID-19 indirectly affects the occurrence of anxiety and depression in college students through attention to negative information, and perceived social support plays a moderating role in this mediating model. The findings suggest that when a risk event occurs, colleges and universities should pay attention to guiding students to adjust their attentional bias to external information, and give students enough care and support to improve their mental health.

14.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 171-176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005740

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the influencing factors of adolescent runaway and its correlation with family health so as to provide epidemiological evidence for future comprehensive interventions. 【Methods】 Using the quota sampling method, 1 065 adolescents aged 12-18 years old were surveyed by Questionnaire Star in 120 cities in China from July to September 2021. A well-developed electronic questionnaire was used to collect information about demographic characteristics, psychological characteristics, family health, social support, and behavior of running away from home. Univariate analysis and Logistic regression were used to explore the influencing factors of adolescent runaway and its correlation with family health. 【Results】 A total of 1 065 adolescents were investigated, among whom 334 were the only children (31.36%) and 442 were boys (41.50%). Univariate analysis revealed that 7.6% of teenagers had the experience of running away from home in the last 30 days. Participants who were ethnic minorities (P=0.031) and had education of technical school or junior college (P=0.029) and a low family income (P<0.001) were more likely to have running away behavior. Adolescents with low self-efficacy (P=0.005), depression (P<0.001), anxiety (P<0.001), and more stress had higher detection rates of runaway behavior. However, adolescents with higher family health and social support were less likely to run away from home (P<0.01). Multivariate analysis showed that compared with adolescents with low family health, adolescents with high (OR=0.16, 95% CI: 0.06-0.46) and moderate (OR=0.27, 95% CI: 0.14-0.55) family health had a significantly lower risk of runaway behavior. 【Conclusion】 The family is of great significance in preventing teenagers from running away from home. Parents should build a good parent-child relationship and create a happy family atmosphere to reduce the occurrence of teenagers running away from home.

15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5707-5718, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008769

ABSTRACT

Sleep occupies one-third of a person's lifetime and is a necessary condition for maintaining physiological function and health. With the increase in social and economic pressures, the growing use of electronic devices and the accelerated aging process of the population, insufficient sleep and its hazards have drawn widespread attention from researchers in China and abroad. Sleep deprivation refers to a decrease in sleep or a severe lack of sleep due to various reasons. Previous studies have found that sleep deprivation can cause extensive damage to the body, including an increased incidence and mortality rate of neuropathic diseases in the brain, cardiovascular diseases, imbalances in the gut microbiota, and other multi-organ diseases. The mechanisms underlying the occurrence of multi-system and multi-organ diseases due to sleep deprivation mainly involve oxidative stress, inflammatory responses, and impaired immune function in the body. According to traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), sleep deprivation falls into the category of sleepiness, and long-term sleepiness leads to Yin-Yang imbalance, resulting in the consumption of Qi and damage to the five Zang-organs. The appropriate treatment should focus on tonifying deficiency, reinforcing healthy Qi, and harmonizing Yin and Yang. TCM is characterized by a wide variety and abundant resources, and it has minimal side effects and a broad range of applications. Numerous studies have shown that TCM drugs and prescriptions not only improve sleep but also have beneficial effects on liver nourishment, intelligence enhancement, and kidney tonification, effectively preventing and treating the body injury caused by sleep deprivation. Given the increasing prevalence of sleep deprivation and its significant impact on body health, this article reviewed sleep deprivation-mediated body injury and its mechanism, summarized and categorized TCM compound prescriptions and single drugs for preventing and treating body injury, with the aim of laying the foundation for researchers to develop effective drugs for preventing and treating body injury caused by sleep deprivation and providing references for further exploration of the molecular mechanisms underlying the body injury caused by sleep deprivation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Sleep Deprivation/drug therapy , Sleepiness , Yin-Yang , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5701-5706, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008768

ABSTRACT

The application of new-generation information technologies such as big data, the internet of things(IoT), and cloud computing in the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)manufacturing industry is gradually deepening, driving the intelligent transformation and upgrading of the TCM industry. At the current stage, there are challenges in understanding the extraction process and its mechanisms in TCM. Online detection technology faces difficulties in making breakthroughs, and data throughout the entire production process is scattered, lacking valuable mining and utilization, which significantly hinders the intelligent upgrading of the TCM industry. Applying data-driven technologies in the process of TCM extraction can enhance the understanding of the extraction process, achieve precise control, and effectively improve the quality of TCM products. This article analyzed the technological bottlenecks in the production process of TCM extraction, summarized commonly used data-driven algorithms in the research and production control of extraction processes, and reviewed the progress in the application of data-driven technologies in the following five aspects: mechanism analysis of the extraction process, process development and optimization, online detection, process control, and production management. This article is expected to provide references for optimizing the extraction process and intelligent production of TCM.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control , Big Data , Algorithms
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4106-4114, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008606

ABSTRACT

This study aims to reveal the effects of different growth patterns and years on the quality of Saposhnikoviae Radix samples. The apparent colors of the powder samples were quantified by a colorimeter, and the total color values(E~*ab) were calculated. The content of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, cimifugin, 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol, sec-O-glucosylhamaudol, and 3'-O-angeloylhamaudol in the samples was simultaneously determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). Cluster analysis, principal component analysis, partial least squares discriminant analysis, and Pearson correlation analysis were performed to analyze the powder chromatic values and the content of 5 components. The results showed that the E~*ab values of the samples were in the order of wild group<multiple-year-old group<one-year-old group. The content of cimifugin, sec-O-glucosylhamaudol, and 3'-O-angeloylhamaudol in the wild group was significantly higher than that in the multiple-year-old and one-year-old groups. The results of multivariate statistical analysis showed that the quality of multiple-year-old group varied greatly. The quality of the multiple-year-old samples was close to that of the wild group and better than that of the one-year-old group. The variable importance in the projection(VIP) values of b~*, 3'-O-angeloylhamaudol content, E~*ab, and L~* were all larger than 1, and that of cimifugin content was close to 1. The E~*ab value was negatively correlated with the content of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, cimifugin, sec-O-glucosylhamaudol, and 3'-O-angeloylhamaudol, while it had no linear correlation with the 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol content. The growth patterns and years had different effects on the quality of Saposhnikoviae Radix samples. The chromatic values of Saposhnikoviae Radix and the content of 5 components can be used to evaluate the quality of Saposhnikoviae Radix, and 3'-O-angeloylhamaudol and cinmifugin can be considered as markers for the quality control of Saposhnikovia divaricata during the growing process.


Subject(s)
Powders , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Apiaceae , Plant Roots/chemistry
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1757-1763, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of peripheral blood platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) with Treg and Th17 and its influence on prognosis in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#One hundred thirty-five newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients admitted to the Department of Hematology of Zhengzhou People's Hospital from June 2015 to October 2022 were selected as MM group. Clinical data included sex, age, immune typing, ISS stage, blood calcium (Ca), albumin (ALB), hemoglobin (Hb), PLR, LDH, β2 microglobulin (β2-MG), Treg and Th17 levels. Sixty healthy volunteers who underwent physical examination in our hospital during the same period were selected as the control group. PLR, Treg and Th17 levels in MM group and control group were compared. Pearson was used to analyze the correlation between PLR and Treg, Th17. The relationship between MM patients with different PLR and clinical features and prognosis was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The PLR and Th17 of MM patients were significantly higher than that of control group, and Treg was significantly lower than that of control group (P<0.05). In MM patients, PLR was negatively correlated with Treg (r=-0.616), and PLR was positively correlated with Th17 (r=0.555). Using mean PLR=132.72 as the boundary, 135 MM patients were divided into high PLR group (n=54) and low PLR group (n=81). In MM patients with high PLR, ISS stage, ALB and Treg were significantly higher than those in low PLR group, while Th17 was significantly lower than those in low PLR group (P<0.05). By univariate and COX regression analysis, PLR was an independent prognostic risk factor for newly diagnosed MM patients (P<0.05). MM patients with high PLR had better PFS and OS, and the difference was statistically significant compared with MM patients with low PLR (P<0.05). 65 patients admitted from June 2015 to December 2018 were used as the training set, and 70 patients admitted from January 2019 to October 2022 were used as the validation set. The OS of MM patients with different PLR were compared respectively. The results showed that the conclusions of the training set and the validation set were consistent. PLR with high expression had higher OS (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#PLR is correlated with Treg and Th17 in newly diagnosed MM patients, and high PLR has better prognosis. PLR can be used to evaluate the prognosis of MM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Blood Platelets , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Prognosis , Th17 Cells , Retrospective Studies
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1706-1713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Baicalin on the proliferation and pyroptosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cell line DB and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#DB cells were treated with baicalin at different concentrations (0, 5, 10, 20, 40 μmol/L). Cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 assay and half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) was calculated. The morphology of pyroptosis was observed under an inverted microscope, the integrity of the cell membrane was verified by LDH content release assay, and the expressions of pyroptosis-related mRNA and protein (NLRP3, GSDMD, GSDME, N-GSDMD, N-GSDME) were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot. In order to further clarify the relationship between baicalin-induced pyroptosis and ROS production in DB cells, DB cells were divided into control group, baicalin group, NAC group and NAC combined with baicalin group. DB cells in the NAC group were pretreated with ROS inhibitor N-acetylcysteine (NAC) 2 mmol/L for 2 h. Baicalin was added to the combined treatment group after pretreatment, and the content of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the cells was detected by DCFH-DA method after 48 hours of culture.@*RESULTS@#Baicalin inhibited the proliferation of DB cells in a dose-dependent manner (r=-0.99), and the IC50 was 20.56 μmol/L at 48 h. The morphological changes of pyroptosis in DB cells were observed under inverted microscope. Compared with the control group, the release of LDH in the baicalin group was significantly increased (P<0.01), indicating the loss of cell membrane integrity. Baicalin dose-dependently increased the expression levels of NLRP3, N-GSDMD, and N-GSDME mRNA and protein in the pyroptosis pathway (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the level of ROS in the baicalin group was significantly increased (P<0.05), and the content of ROS in the NAC group was significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the NAC group, the content of ROS in the NAC + baicalin group was increased. Baicalin significantly attenuated the inhibitory effect of NAC on ROS production (P<0.05). Similarly, Western blot results showed that compared with the control group, the expression levels of pyroptosis-related proteins was increased in the baicalin group (P<0.05). NAC inhibited the expression of NLRP3 and reduced the cleavage of N-GSDMD and N-GSDME (P<0.05). Compared with the NAC group, the NAC + baicalin group had significantly increased expression of pyroptosis-related proteins. These results indicate that baicalin can effectively induce pyroptosis in DB cells and reverse the inhibitory effect of NAC on ROS production.@*CONCLUSION@#Baicalin can inhibit the proliferation of DLBCL cell line DB, and its mechanism may be through regulating ROS production to affect the pyroptosis pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/pharmacology , Pyroptosis , Cell Line , RNA, Messenger , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 730-738, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982123

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of baicalin on the growth of extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma (ENKTCL) cells and its related mechanism.@*METHODS@#Normal NK cells and human ENKTCL cells lines SNK-6 and YTS were cultured, then SNK-6 and YTS cells were treated with 5, 10, 20 μmol/L baicalin and set control. Cell proliferation and apoptosis was detected by Edu method and FCM method, respectively, and expressions of BCL-2, Bax, FOXO3 and CCL22 proteins were detected by Western blot. Interference plasmids were designed and synthesized. FOXO3 siRNA interference plasmids and CCL22 pcDNA overexpression plasmids were transfected with PEI transfection reagent. Furthermore, animal models were established for validation.@*RESULTS@#In control group and 5, 10, 20 μmol/L baicalin group, the proliferation rate of SNK-6 cells was (56.17±2.96)%, (51.92±4.63)%, (36.42±1.58)%, and (14.60±2.81)%, respectively, while that of YTS cells was (58.85±2.98)%, (51.38±1.32)%, (34.75±1.09)%, and (15.45±1.10)%, respectively. In control group and 5, 10, 20 μmol/L baicalin group, the apoptosis rate of SNK-6 cells was (5.93±0.74)%, (11.78±0.34)%, (28.46±0.44)%, and (32.40±0.37)%, respectively, while that of YTS cells was (7.93±0.69)%, (16.29±1.35)%, (33.91±1.56)%, and (36.27±1.06)%, respectively. Compared with control group, the expression of BCL-2 protein both in SNK-6 and YTS cells decreased significantly (P<0.001), and the expression of Bax protein increased in SNK-6 cells only when the concentration of baicalin was 20 μmol/L (P<0.001), while that in YTS cells increased in all three concentrations(5, 10, 20 μmol/L) of baicalin (P<0.001). The expression of FOXO3 protein decreased while CCL22 protein increased in ENKTCL cell lines compared with human NK cells (P<0.001), but the expression of FOXO3 protein increased (P<0.01) and CCL22 protein decreased after baicalin treatment (P<0.001). Animal experiments showed that baicalin treatment could inhibit tumor growth. The expression of CCL22 protein in ENKTCL tissue of nude mice treated with baicalin decreased compared with control group (P<0.01), while the FOXO3 protein increased (P<0.05). In addition, FOXO3 silencing resulted in the decrease of FOXO3 protein expression and increase of CCL22 protein expression (P<0.01, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Baicalin can inhibit proliferation and promote apoptosis of ENKTCL cell lines SNK-6 and YTS, up-regulate the expression of Bax protein, down-regulate the expression of BCL-2 protein, and down-regulate the expression of CCL22 protein mediated by FOXO3. Animal experiment shown that the baicalin can inhibit tumor growth. Baicalin can inhibit the growth and induce apoptosis of ENKTCL cells through FOXO3/CCL22 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/pathology , Forkhead Box Protein O3/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/pharmacology , Mice, Nude , Signal Transduction , Apoptosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Chemokine CCL22/pharmacology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL