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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 51-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862775

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application prospect of the most extensive genome engineering pig internationally in preclinical xenotransplantation. Methods Porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) knockout combined with 3 major heterologous antigen gene knockouts and 9 humanized genes for inhibition of complement activation, regulation of coagulation disorders, anti-inflammatory and anti-phagocytosis were transferred into a pig (PERV-KO/3-KO/9-TG) as a donor, and the heart, liver and kidney were obtained and transplanted to 3 Rhesus macaque recipients respectively to establish a preclinical research model of pig-to-Rhesus macaque xenotransplantation. The functional status of xenografts after blood flow reconstruction was observed and the survival of recipients was summarized. The hemodynamics of xenografts were monitored. The change of hematological indexes of each recipient was compared. The histopathological manifestation of xenografts was observed. Results After the blood flow was reconstructed, all xenografts showed ruddy color, soft texture and good perfusion. The transplant heart, liver and kidney showed full arterial and venous blood flow and good perfusion at 1 d after operation. The postoperative survival time of heart, liver, and kidney transplant recipients was 7, 26, and 1 d, respectively. The levels of creatine kinase, creatine kinase isoenzyme, and lactate dehydrogenase increased in heart transplant recipient at 1 d after operation, and gradually recovered to near normal levels at 6 d after operation. All indexes increased sharply at 7 d after operation. The level of aspartate aminotransferase increased in liver transplant recipients at 2 d after operation, and the alanine aminotransferase basically returned to normal at 10 d after operation, but the total bilirubin continued to increase. Both aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase increased at 12 d after operation, and reached a peak at 15 d after operation. The kidney transplant recipient developed mild proteinuria at 1 d after operation, and died of sudden severe arrhythmia. Histopathology showed that the tissue structure of cardiac and renal xenografts was close to normal, and liver xenografts presented with patchy necrosis, the liver tissue structure was disordered, accompanied by inflammatory damage, interstitial hemorrhage and thrombotic microangiopathy. Conclusions PERV-KO/3-KO/9-TG pig shows advantages in overcoming hyperacute rejection, mitigating humoral rejection and coagulation dysregulation. However, whether it can be used as potential donor for clinical xenotransplantation needs further evaluation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885674

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the variation characteristics and influencing factors of HIV/AIDS subtypes in Wuxi city of Jiangsu Province from 2014 to 2016.Methods:HIV/AIDS population in Wuxi city in 2014 was selected as the research object, and the HIV molecular epidemiology and follow-up study were carried out. Collect epidemiological information, extract DNA from blood samples, amplify pol gene fragment by nest-PCR and sequence, use ChromasPro 1.6 software and MEGA 7.0 software to construct the HIV-1 sequence database, and use FastTree2.1.10 software to construct the phylogenetic tree to confirm the subtype; in 2016, the same population was followed up, and the HIV subtype variation was analyzed, and the influencing factors of subtype variation were explored by multivariate logistic regression. Results:A total of 612 HIV/AIDS cases in 2014 and 2016 were collected. The age of the subjects was mainly 30 years old or above (85.46%, 523/612), and the proportion of people over 50 years old was higher (228/612, 37.25%). The main route of transmission was homosexuality, accounting for 49.67%. A total of 1224 samples were detected and CRF01 _ AE、CRF07_ BC、B、CRF08_ BC、CRF67_ 01B、CRF55_ 01B、CRF68_ 01B, 7 subtypes of HIV-1 and 5 unique recombinant types (URFs) was detected. CRF01_ AE and CRF07_ BC was still the main genotype in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, accounting for 66.75%. There were 29 cases (3.56%) of URFs recombinant strains. During 2014-2016, the variation rate of subtypes was 14.63%, and the most common variation was CRF01_ AE changes to CRF07_ BC(13.95%). Marital status (OR=0.363, 95% CI: 0.137-0.964) and baseline CD4 level (OR=0.414, 95% CI: 0.192-0.891) were associated with subtype variation.Conclusions:The HIV-1 subtypes of HIV/AIDS patients in Wuxi city are diverse and complex, the proportion of recombinant subtypes is rising, the URFs that are difficult to determine the genotype increase significantly, and the variation rate of HIV-1 subtypes among HIV/AIDS infected people is high. It is necessary to strengthen the monitoring of HIV-1 subtypes.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884498

ABSTRACT

Objective:To enhance the capabilities of individual monitoring technology services for external exposure.Methods:The intercomparison results of the national individual monitoring for external exposure during 2015-2019 were presented, together with a summary and analysis provided of the main existing problems.Results:By 2019, 382 of individual monitoring technology service uints, from 30 provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities, participated in the individual monitoring intercomparisons results, involving disease control and prevention centers, occupational prevention and control institutions, research institutes, universities, nuclear industry, medical institutions, and companies. Except for slightly low in 2017, the pass rate in the other four years was above 90%. The excellence rate increased with the years.Conclusions:The capabilities of individual monitoring service units can meet the concerned requirements and provide standardized monitoring report for the period of 2015 to 2019, but with some being unqualified. These service units should carefully analyze and identify the reasons for the failure, standardize the quality control of laboratory, and improve the level of measurement and the ability of data analysis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882030

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological features and diagnosis of imported malaria cases in Zhejiang Province from 2017 to 2020, so as to provide the scientific evidence for the management of imported malaria in the province. Methods The data of malaria cases reported in Zhejiang Province were captured from the Information Management System for Parasitic Disease Control of China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention from 2017 to 2020, and the temporal, spatial and human distribution, and initial and definitive diagnosis of imported malaria cases were descriptively analyzed. Results A total of 593 malaria cases were reported in Zhejiang Province from 2017 to 2020, and all were overseas imported cases, including 532 men and 61 women, with a mean age of 41 years. There were 93.93% of the malaria cases from African countries, and the malaria parasites infecting these cases included Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae and mixed infections, with P. falciparum as the predominant species (76.73%, 455/593). All malaria cases received totally correct initial diagnoses in county- and city-level centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) and entry-exit inspection and quarantine sectors, and the proportion of malaria cases with confirmation at the day of initial diagnosis was 41.48% (207/499) in medical institutions and 66.18% (45/68) in CDC (χ2 = 14.779, P < 0.001). In addition, the median interval [M (QR)] of malaria cases was 1 (2) d from onset to initial diagnosis and 1 (2) d from initial diagnosis to confirmation in Zhejiang Province from 2017 to 2020, and the median interval [M (QR)] of severe malaria cases was significantly longer than that of non-severe cases [2 (3) d vs. 1 (2) d; Z = −3.002, P < 0.05]. Conclusions Zhejiang Province faces great challenges of malaria control, and post-elimination surveillance of malaria still requires to be reinforced. Meanwhile, the awareness of seeking medical services requires to be improved among returners from malaria-endemic regions and the diagnostic capability of malaria requires to be improved among medical professionals.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878709

ABSTRACT

Adipokines,the bioactive polypeptides secreted by adipose tissue,are related to the occurrence and development of obesity,metabolic syndrome,renal insufficiency,cardiovascular disease,diabetes mellitus and other diseases.They may be the disease intervention targets and a breakthrough in the study of disease pathogenesis.In this paper,we summarize the latest research progress of the adipokines omentin,chemerin and nesfatin.


Subject(s)
Adipokines , Adipose Tissue , Chemokines , Cytokines , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Metabolic Syndrome , Obesity
6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 653-657, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869445

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the attitudes and influencing factors towards advance -care planning(ACP)among elderly inpatients and their family members.Methods:A total of 197 elderly inpatients and 248 family members were enrolled by using a convenience sampling method, and they were investigated by a questionnaire.The differences in attitudes towards the nutrition support in the state of frailty and the advanced life support at the end of life between patients and their family members, and the influencing factors for making a living will were analyzed.Results:Compared with elderly inpatients, the proportions of their family members, who had heard of ACP/advance directives(ADs)(58.9% or 146/248 vs.41.6% or 82/197, χ2=13.070, P=0.000), who had discussed death(89.9% or 223/248 vs.55.3% or 109/197, χ2=69.334, P=0.000), who would make a living will(88.7% or 220/248 vs.46.7% or 92/197, χ2=92.461, P=0.000), who would know the true condition(97.2% or 241/248 vs.89.8% or 177/197, χ2=10.349, P=0.001), were significantly elevated.Towards the choice of tube feeding, percutaneous endoscopic gastrojejunostomy and deep-vein catheter insertion, family members had more positive attitudes than did patients themselves( χ2=42.996, 11.446 and 27.704, P=0.000, 0.003 and 0.000). Towards the life support during end-of-life including ventilator-assisted ventilation, electric defibrillation, extracorporeal cardiac compression and hemodialysis, there was no significant difference in attitudes between patients and family members( χ2=0.569, 1.866 and 4.337, P=0.752, 0.393 and 0.114), and the proportion of disapproval was higher in family members.The influencing factors for making a living will were the awareness of ACP/ADs( OR=0.187, 95% CI: 0.096-0.366, P=0.000)and having discussed death with family members( OR=0.450, 95% CI: 0.231-0.878, P=0.019). Conclusions:The proportion of elderly inpatients who are willing to make a living will is low in China, and its influencing factors are the awareness of ACP/ADs and having discussed death with family members.Thus, the promotion and education of ACP/ADs should be strengthened.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of low-to-moderate dose glucocorticoid therapy on viral clearance in patients with COVID-19.Methods:A total of 72 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 from January 19 to February 17, 2020 at the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine were recruited. All patients received oral arbidol and combination of lopinavir/ritonavir or darunavir/cobistitat for antiviral therapy, and symptomatic supportive care. Among them, 51 patients received methylprednisolone (0.75-1.50 mg·kg -1·d -1) (glucocorticoid treatment group), and 21 patients did not use glucocorticoid (control group). The time of virologic negative conversion in sputum and the time of radiologic recovery in lung since onset were compared between the two groups. The Kruskal-Wallis test or Fisher exact test was used to compare the difference between groups. Results:The median ages of the glucocorticoid group and the control group were 52 (45, 62) and 46 (32, 56) years ( χ2=4.365, P<0.05). The clinical conditions at hospital admission were different between the two groups ( P<0.01). The severe cases accounted for 52.0%, while moderate cases in the control group accounted for 71.4%. The median times from the onset to virologic negative conversion in the two groups were 15 (13, 20) and 14 (12, 20) days ( P>0.05). The median times from onset to radiologic recovery were 13 (11, 15) and 13 (12, 17) days in the two groups ( P>0.05). In moderate cases, the median times from the onset to virologic conversion in sputum were 13 (11, 18) days in the glucocorticoid group and 13 (12, 15) days in the control group ( P>0.05). The median times from onset to radiologic recovery in lung were 12 (10, 15) and 13 (12, 17) days, respectively ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Low-to-moderate glucocorticoid treatment has no effect on the time of virus clearance in patients with different clinical types of COVID-19, and also no effect on accelerating radiologic recovery in lung, so it is not recommended.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of the combination of abidol, lopinavir/ritonavir plus recombinant interferon α-2b (rIFNα-2b) and the combination of lopinavir/ritonavir plus rIFNα-2b for patients with COVID-19 in Zhejiang province.Methods:A multicenter prospective study was carried out to compare the efficacy of triple combination antiviral therapy and dual combination antiviral therapy in 15 medical institutions of Zhejiang province during January 22 to February 16, 2020. All patients were treated with rIFNα-2b (5 million U, 2 times/d) aerosol inhalation, in addition 196 patients were treated with abidol (200 mg, 3 times/d) + lopinavir/ritonavir (2 tablets, 1 time/12 h) (triple combination group) and 41 patients were treated with lopinavir/ritonavir (2 tablets, 1 time/12 h) (dual combination group). The patients who received triple combination antiviral therapy were further divided into three subgroups: <48 h, 3-5 d and >5 d according the time from the symptom onset to medication starting. The therapeutic efficacy was compared between triple combination group and dual combination group, and compared among 3 subgroups of patients receiving triple combination antiviral therapy. SPSS 17.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results:The virus nucleic acid-negative conversion time in respiratory tract specimens was (12.2±4.7) d in the triple combination group, which was shorter than that in the dual combination group [(15.0±5.0) d] ( t=6.159, P<0.01). The length of hospital stay in the triple combination group [12.0 (9.0, 17.0) d] was also shorter than that in the dual combination group [15.0 (10.0, 18.0) d] ( H=2.073, P<0.05). Compared with the antiviral treatment which was started within after the symptom onset of in the triple combination group, the time from the symptom onset to the viral negative conversion was 13.0 (10.0, 17.0), 17.0 (13.0, 22.0) and 21.0 (18.0, 24.0) d in subgroups of 48 h, 3-5 d and >5 d, respectively ( Z=32.983, P<0.01), while the time from antiviral therapy to viral negative conversion was (11.8±3.9), (13.5±5.1) and (11.2±4.3) d, respectively( Z=6.722, P<0.05). Conclusions:The triple combination antiviral therapy of abidol, lopinavir/litonavir and rIFNα-2b shows shorter viral shedding time and shorter hospitalization time, compared with the dual combination antiviral therapy; and the earlier starting triple combination antiviral therapy will result in better antiviral efficacy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship of Castleman disease (CD) and connective tissue disease (CTD).Methods:Clinical records and laboratory data of 11 patientsdiagnosed with CD and CTD were collected and retrospectively analyzed. All patients were diagnosed at Peking Union Medical College Hospital.Results:① The proportion of CD associated with or mimicking CTD was 5.67% (11/194) in all CD patients during the same period. The average age of these cases at the diagnosis was (51±17) years and the ratio of male to female was 6∶5. ② Lymphadenopathy (10/11), fever (8/11), serosal effusion (6/11), arthralgia (5/11), alopecia (2/11), Raynaud phenomenon (1/11) and photosensitivity (1/11) were the common clinical manifest- ations that could mimic CTD. ③ Elevated ESR (11/11), hypoalbuminemia (11/11), elevated CRP (10/11), elevated IgG (7/11), proteinuria (5/11), hematuria (5/11) and positive ANA(5/11) were commonly found in the patients' laboratory tests. ④ CD was inclined to mimic systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE)(5/11), IgG4-related disease(IgG4-RD)(2/11) and adult onset Still's disease(AOSD)(2/11), as well as 2 cases were associated with Sj?gren's Syndrome(SS)(2/11). ⑤All cases were ultimately diagnosed as multicentric CD, the pathologic subtypes were plasma cell variant (10/11) and mixed(1/11) respectively.Conclusion:CD maybe overlapped with or mimic a variety of clinical manifestations, such as fever, serosal effusion, arthralgia and proteinuria which could mimic CTD. Early biopsy is helpful for the diagnosis and to avoid misdiagnosis and mistreatment.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867101

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of gamma oscillation in chronic insomnia patients with anxiety and depression, and to investigate its underlying neural mechanism.Methods:According to the anxiety and depression scores, the subjects with chronic insomnia who met the diagnostic criteria were divided into chronic insomnia with anxiety and depression group ( n=19) and chronic insomnia group ( n=13). Healthy subjects matched with age, gender, and educational background were selected as the normal control group ( n=16). The EEGs from the three groups under resting state and cognitive load state were collected.The relative gamma power was then calculated by fast Fourier transform.The spatial distribution pattern of the gamma oscillation in the three groups was analyzed.Spearman correlation analysis was employed to quantify the correlation between relative gamma powers and sleep scale, anxiety and depression scale scores. Results:In the resting state, the relative gamma power in the chronic insomnia with anxiety and depression, chronic insomnia and normal control group was 0.192 1±0.008 0, 0.210 3±0.009 6, 0.237 3±0.006 4, respectively.In the cognitive load state, the relative gamma power in the three groups increased compared with those in the resting state (0.220 7±0.008 1, 0.249 5±0.009 8, 0.267 7±0.007 2, respectively) (all P<0.05). In the resting state, the relative gamma power (F3, F4, C3, C4, P3, P4, O2, F8, T4) in the chronic insomnia with anxiety and depression group (0.179 9±0.009 7) and the chronic insomnia group (0.194 4±0.010 4) was lower than that in control (0.236 0±0.012 0, P<0.05). In the cognitive load state, the relative gamma power (F3, C3, C4, P3, P4, T4) in the chronic insomnia with anxiety and depression group (0.207 3±0.009 7) was lower than that in control (0.259 1±0.009 4)( P<0.05). There was a significant negative correlation between the relative gamma power in the nodes(F3, C3, P3)and the insomnia, anxiety and depression in the three groups(correlation coefficient r=-0.467--0.274, P<0.05). Conclusion:Chronic insomnia patients with anxiety and depression are often accompanied by cognitive dysfunction.The loss of gamma oscillation in left posterior, left central and left apex may be one of the potential neural mechanisms of cognitive dysfunction in chronic insomnia patients with anxiety and depression.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865757

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of virtual-simulation laparoscopic training system in the training of basic skills of endoscopic surgery in trainees with different clinical experience.Method:s Eight refresher physicians, eight residents who received standardized residency training, and eight undergraduate interns in five-year clinical medicine were selected. All of them received the training of endoscopic operations with the laparoscopic training box and the virtual-simulation laparoscopic training system for 30 minutes every day for 4 weeks. Data analyses were performed using SPSS 19.0 and t-test was adopted to compare the scores before and after training among the three groups.Result:s Before training, there were significant differences in endoscopic operations between the undergraduate intern group and the other two groups ( P<0.05); after 4 weeks of training, all three groups had significant increases in the scores and spent less time on training items ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in simple operations among the three groups ( P>0.05), and the undergraduate intern group had a significantly higher score of complex operations than did the standardized residency training group and the refresher physician group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The virtual-simulation laparoscopic training system can improve the laparoscopic skills of clinical trainees at different levels, therefore, it is worth being promoted in the teaching of clinical skills.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of Clavien-Dindo classification in evaluation of postoperative short-term complications of Da Vinci robotic-assisted or laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy with D 2 lymphadenectomy. Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 262 patients with gastric cancer who were admitted to the 940th Hospital of Joint Logistic Support Force of Chinese People′s Liberation Army from January 2016 to January 2019 were collected. There were 214 males and 48 females, aged (58±11) years, with a range from 17 to 81 years. Of 262 patients, 120 cases undergoing Da Vinci robotic-assisted total gastrectomy + D 2 lymphadenectomy + Roux-en-Y anastomosis were divided into robotic group, and 142 cases undergoing laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy + D 2 lymphadenectomy + Roux-en-Y anastomosis were divided into laparoscopic group. Observation indicators: (1) intraoperative and postoperative situations; (2) postoperative pathological examination; (3)complications; (4) stratified analysis; (5) follow-up. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect complications, tumor recurrence and survival of patients within postoperative 2 months. The follow-up was up to May 2019. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ranked data between groups was analyzed using the rank sum test. Results:(1) Intraoperative and postoperative situations: cases undergoing conversion to open surgery, the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, the number of lymph node dissected, time to first flatus, time to initial fluid diet intake, duration of postoperative hospital stay of the robotic group were 1, (243±42)minutes, 100 mL(range, 100-150 mL), 38±15, (2.8±1.0)days, 3 days(range, 3-4 days), 11 days(range, 9-13 days), respectively. The above indicators of the laparoscopic group were 2, (244±38)minutes, 100 mL(range, 100-150 mL), 34±14, (3.2±1.0)days, 4 days(range, 3-5 days), 10 days(range, 9-13 days), respectively. There were significant differences in the number of lymph node dissected, time to first flatus, time to initial fluid diet intake between the two groups ( t=2.068, -3.030, Z=-3.370, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in cases undergoing conversion to open surgery, the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, duration of postoperative hospital stay between the two groups ( χ2=0.000, t=-0.158, Z=-1.824, -0.088, P>0.05). (2) Postoperative pathological examination: cases with well differentiated tumor, moderately differentiated tumor, poorly differentiated tumor, signet ring cell carcinoma or other types of tumor, cases in stage T1b, T2, T3 or T4a (pT staging), cases in stage N0, N1, N2, N3a or N3b (pN staging), cases in stage ⅠB, ⅡA, ⅡB, ⅢA, ⅢB or ⅢC (pTNM staging) of the robotic group were 6, 50, 55, 9, 10, 22, 63, 25, 42, 19, 19, 24, 16, 17, 22, 23, 20, 23, 15, respectively. The above indicators of the laparoscopic group were 4, 42, 84, 12, 6, 18, 81, 37, 39, 27, 32, 19, 25, 13, 19, 28, 39, 16, 27, respectively. There was no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( Z=-1.880, -1.827, -0.140, -1.460, P>0.05). (3) Complications: cases with complication classified as grade Ⅰ, grade Ⅱ, grade Ⅲa, grade Ⅲb, grade Ⅳa, grade Ⅳb of Clavien-Dindo classification, cases with death, cases with overall complications, cases with severe complications of the robotic group were 9, 6, 3, 2, 2, 0, 0, 22, 7, respectively. The above indicators of the laparoscopic group were 12, 15, 9, 6, 3, 1, 1, 47, 20, respectively. There were significant differences in cases with overall complications, cases with severe complications between the two groups ( χ2=7.309, 4.790, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in cases with complication classified as grade Ⅰ, grade Ⅱ, grade Ⅲa, grade Ⅲb, grade Ⅳa, grade Ⅳb of Clavien-Dindo classification, cases with death between the two groups ( χ2=0.080, 2.730, 1.042, 0.704, 0.000, 0.000, 0.000, P>0.05). (4) Stratified analysis: of the patients with overall complications in robotic group, cases of male or female, cases aged ≥65 years or <65 years, cases with body mass index (BMI) ≥24 kg/m 2 or <24 kg/m 2, cases with tumor diameter ≥5 cm or <5 cm, cases with or without abdominal surgery, cases with tumor located at upper stomach or middle stomach, cases in Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade or Ⅲ grade of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, cases with well differentiated tumor or undifferentiated tumor, cases in stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ or stage Ⅲ (pTNM staging), cases with operation time ≥250 minutes or <250 minutes, cases with volume of intraoperative blood loss ≥150 mL or <150 mL, cases with the number of lymph node dissected ≥25 or <25 were 15, 7, 14, 8, 11, 11, 16, 6, 4, 18, 19, 3, 15, 7, 7, 15, 8, 14, 12, 10, 12, 10, 14, 8, respectively. The above indicators of patients with overall complications in the laparoscopic group were 33, 14, 17, 30, 16, 31, 36, 11, 11, 36, 27, 20, 31, 16, 13, 34, 14, 33, 24, 23, respectively. Of the patients with overall complication, there were significant differences in cases of male, cases aged ≥65 years or <65 years, cases with BMI<24 kg/m 2, cases with tumor diameter≥5 cm, cases without abdominal surgery, cases with tumor located at middle stomach, cases in Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade or Ⅲ grade of ASA classification, cases with well differentiated tumor, cases in stage Ⅲ (pTNM staging), cases with operation time ≥250 minutes, cases with volume of intraoperative blood loss <150 mL, cases with the number of lymph node dissected ≥25 between the two groups ( χ2=6.683, 4.207, 6.761, 7.438, 4.297, 6.325, 9.433, 3.970, 4.850, 4.911, 3.952, 3.915, 6.865, 4.128, P<0.05) and there was no significant difference in cases of female, cases with BMI≥24 kg/m 2, cases with tumor diameter <5 cm, cases with abdominal surgery, cases with tumor located at upper stomach, cases with undifferentiated tumor, cases in stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ (pTNM staging), cases with operation time < 250 minutes, cases with volume of intraoperative blood loss ≥150 mL, cases with the number of lymph node dissected <25 between the two groups ( χ2=0.277, 1.052, 1.996, 1.552, 2.172, 2.594, 2.244, 3.771, 1.627, 3.223, P>0.05). (5) Follow-up: 262 patients were followed up postoperatively for 2 months. During the follow-up, no patient was diagnosed with tumor recurrence, and one patient in the laparoscopic group died of severe infection. Conclusions:The Clavien-Dindo classification can be used in evaluating postoperative short-term complications of Da Vinci robotic-assisted or laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy with D 2 lymphadenectomy. Compared with laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy with D 2 lymphadenectomy, Da Vinci robotic-assisted total gastrectomy with D 2 lymphadenectomy has the advantages of minimally invasiveness, low incidence of overall and severe complication.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864373

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the relative importance of four emotion regulation strategies (i.e. cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression, rumination and mindfulness) in explaining job burnout and depression of nurses.Methods:We conducted a cross-sectional study with questionnaires for 1 037 nurses from two general hospitals. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey (MBI-HSS), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ), Ruminative Responses Scale (RRS) and Short Inventory of Mindfulness Capability (SIM-C) were assessed.Results:Dominance analysis revealed that in terms of job burnout, rumination, cognitive reappraisal and mindfulness could explain 41.38% (0.132/0.319), 30.09% (0.096/0.319) and 28.53% (0.091/0.319). In terms of depression, rumination and mindfulness could explain 68.6% (0.362/0.528)and 24.43% (0.129/0.528).Conclusions:Rumination and mindfulness were important predictors of job burnout and depression of nurses. This study indicates that reducing ruminative responses and enhancement of mindfulness are the important approach to reduce nurses′ job burnout and depression.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864218

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the testicular descent process and temporal morphology and position changes of its neighboring tissues and organs in mice with three dimensional (3D) histological reconstruction technique.Methods:Tissue below the kidney plane of male Kunming mice was harvested on gestation days (GD)15, GD17, GD19, postnatal days (PD)3 and PD7.The tissue was then serially sectioned and stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE). Slices were scanned and saved by the PerkinElmer automatic section analysis system.Afterward, Photoshop software was used for image registration and alignment, and 3D-doctor software was employed for 3D reconstruction and analysis.Results:(1)The epididymis enveloped the testis, and the tail of the epididymis was connected with the gubernaculum, but no direct connection was found between the lower pole of the testis and the gubernaculum.During pregnancy, each part of the epididymis and the vas deferens of mice were piled up into a mass, making it hard to identify the epididymis.The gubernaculum leads to " swelled" . After birth, the epididymis became large, elongated, and morphologi-cally recognizable, and the gubernaculum degenerated into fibrous cords.During the whole process, the volume of gubernaculum was significantly smaller than that of testicle.(2)Testicles on both sides were similar in shape and asymmetrical in position.The left testicle was lower than the right testicle, and descended before the right one.During pregnancy, testicles on both sides descended from the lower pole of the kidney, the left testical stopped at the lower part of the bladder.and the right one stopped at middle part of the bladder.After birth, the left testicle dropped below the neck of the bladder.Finally, the left testicle was lower than the right testicle.(3) The epididymis descend prior to the testicles.Throughout the process, the tail of the epididymis descended before the testicles, and it pulled the whole epididymis down.Testicles entered the scrotum along the descending path of the epididymis.After the complete descent, the tail of the epididymis remained below the testicles.Conclusions:Through observation, the testicular descend process in mice includes the following steps.First, the tail of the epididymis is pulled down to the inner ring by the gubernaculum, and the tail and body of the epididymis expand the inner ring and the inguinal canal through their morphological changes.The epididymis then continues to go down into the scrotum and expands it.Finally, the testicles and the head of the epididymis follow the epididymis body and enter the scrotum through the enlarged inner ring and inguinal canal.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863218

ABSTRACT

Objective:To combine automatic image segmentation technology and machine learning methods to accurately classify and recognize mammography images.Methods:Taking mammography images with clustered pleomorphic calcification as the research object, which were in BI-RADS4 class from the Digital Mammogram Database (DDSM). The region of interest (ROI) of the images was automatically segmented. The characteristic features extracted by wavelet transform, Gabor filter and gray level co-occurrence matrix method were fused. The fused feature parameters were screened based on sensitivity analysis. Using ensemble learning method, the polynomial kernel SVM, random forest and logistic regression classifiers were integrated to form a classifier for automatic classification of mammography images. The ensemble learning method was soft voting integration.Results:The proposed ensemble classifier can efficiently recognize and classify mammography images, and its classification sensitivity, specificity and accuracy on the training set were 99.1%, 99.6% and 99.3%, respectively.Conclusions:The proposed mammography image processing, classification and recognition method can provide assistant detection basis for doctors' clinical judgment, and provide a technical basis for subdividing BI-RADS4 class images.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1827-1830, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862208

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of individual materialism, social status on victimization, and to provide a reference for the intervention of campus bullying.@*Methods@#A total of 2 597 grade 7 students representing 47 classes from 7 junior middle schools in Zhenzhou were administered with Material Values Scale, Peer Nomination Questionnaire and Victim Questionnaire. Hierarchical Linear Model was used in data analysis.@*Results@#Peer rejection(γ=0.15, P<0.01) and individual materialism(γ=0.13, P<0.01) positively predicted victimization, while popularity negatively predicted victimization(γ=-0.05, P<0.01). Class materialism norm also could positively predict victimization(γ=0.82, P<0.01). Moreover, there was a significant interaction between class materialism norm and peer rejection(γ=0.30, P<0.05), and the results of simple effect showed that with the increase of materialism level, the negative impact of peer rejection on victimization was increasing(γ high=0.18, Z high=7.80; γ low=0.12, Z low=5.50, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Peer rejection, individual materialism, popularity and class materialism norm affect individual bullying, and class materialism norm could moderate the relationship between peer rejection and victimization.

17.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 292-298, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832482

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The neuropeptide oxytocin has been found to improve human social cognition and promote prosocial behavior. However, itis still unclear about the mechanisms underlying these effects of oxytocin on neural processes, such as visual perception and awareness.Especially, it is still unclear whether oxytocin influences perceptual salience of social stimuli in the absence of awareness. @*Methods@#In a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial we applied an interocular suppression paradigm and eye tracking @*methods@#to investigate the influence of intranasally administered oxytocin on perceptual salience of social stimuli. Suppression times andpupillometric data were measured during subjects being presented with gradually introduced pictures of social stimuli (neutral expressionfaces) or nonsocial stimuli (grayscale watch pictures) that were suppressed and invisible in 10 men who were administered 24 IU oxytocinand 10 men who were administered a placebo. @*Results@#The results demonstrated that the oxytocin group perceived social stimuli more quickly accompanied by subsequent larger increasingpupil diameter than nonsocial stimuli, indicating an increased unconscious salience of social stimuli. @*Conclusion@#These findings provided new insights into oxytocin’s modulatory role to social information processing, suggesting that oxytocinmight enhance attentional bias to social stimuli even after removal of awareness. Psychiatry Investig 2020;17(4):292-298

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829076

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy between acupoint selection of meridian diagnosis and regular acupoint selection for chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG).@*METHODS@#A total of 70 cases of CAG were randomly divided into an observation group (35 cases, 5 cases dropped off) and a control group (35 cases, 5 dropped off). In the observation group, according to the hand diagnosis of meridians and the results of 80-channels energy determinator, based on the principle of child-mother relation acupoint combination, the -connecting point and back- points were added for excess syndrome, and the -primary point, front- points and -sea point of foot meridians were added for deficiency syndrome; in addition, the acupoints of the eight extraordinary meridians were added based on the nature of acupoints. In the control group, Zhongwan (CV 12), Neiguan (PC 6), Zusanli (ST 36) and Gongsun (SP 4) were selected as the primary acupoints, and additional acupoints were added according to syndrome differentiation. The two groups were treated twice a week (Tuesday and Thursday, respectively), totally for 6 months. Six months after treatment, the follow-up was conducted. The clinical symptom score, gastroenteropathy patient reported outcomes (PRO) scale score before treatment, after treatment and during follow-up as well as the score of pathological changes of gastric mucosa before and after treatment were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and during follow-up, the clinical symptom scores and gastroenteropathy PRO scale scores were decreased in the two groups (<0.01, <0.001); at the follow-up, the gastroenteropathy PRO scale score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (<0.01). After treatment, the scores of pathological changes of gastric mucosa in the two groups were decreased (<0.01), and the score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The acupoint selection of meridian diagnosis is superior to regular acupoint selection for CAG, which has better efficacy, more significant improvement on gastric mucosa pathology, and more stable long-term effect.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828378

ABSTRACT

We used exogenous GA_3 to break the seed dormancy of Thesium chinense. We used high-throughput sequencing technology was used to sequence the transcriptome of dormant seed embryos and dormancy breaking seed embryos of Th. chinense, and the data was analyzed bioinformatically and systematically. The results showed that exogenous GA_3 could effectively break the seed dormancy of Th. chinense; 73 794 up-regulated genes and 42 776 down regulated genes were obtained by transcriptome sequencing; 116 570 diffe-rential genes were annotated by GO function to GO items such as metabolism process, cell process, cell, cell component, binding and catalytic activity. A total of 133 metabolic pathways were found by Pathway analysis of 26 508 differentially expressed genes. In the process of dormancy release, DEGs were mainly enriched in translation, carbohydrate metabolism, folding, classification, degradation and amino acid metabolism. Based on the annotation results in KEGG database, 20 metabolic pathways related to dormancy release were found. Dormancy release of Th. chinense seeds is a complex biological process, including cell morphology construction, secondary metabolite synthesis, sugar metabolism and plant signal transduction, among which plant hormone signal transduction is one of the key factors to regulate dormancy release. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the sequencing results were consistent with the actual results.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Dormancy , Plant Growth Regulators , Santalaceae , Seeds , Transcriptome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847340

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Absorbable and non-absorbable barrier membranes have their own merits and demerits in the guided bone regeneration. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of new preformed titanium mesh combined with different bone augmentation materials in anterior teeth with inadequate bone volume for dental implants. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with single maxillary anterior tooth loss were divided into three groups: Bio-Gide collagen membrane + Bio-oss bone group (C; n=12), titanium mesh + Bio-Gide collagen membrane + Bio-Oss bone group (TC; n=10), titanium mesh + concentrated growth factor + Bio-Gide collagen membrane + Bio-Oss bonegroup (TCC; n=9). Through clinical review, cone-beam CT and histological examination, osteogenic effects of the three treatment methods were compared and statistically analyzed at 0 day and 6 months after operation. The implementation of the study protocol complied with the relevant ethical requirements of Qingdao Stomatological Hospital, and each patient was fully informed of the trial process. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: In the postoperative review, only two patients in the TC group had wound deformations, and the wound healed about 3 weeks postoperation. Six months after the operation, cone-beam CT results revealed significant differences in bone height between the TCC and TC groups and the C group (P < 0.05), as well as in bone width at the mark points of 2, 4 and 6 mm (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in bone width between three groups at the mark point of 8 mm (P < 0.05). Hematoxylin-eosin staining of bone tissue around the implant showed that trabecular structure was visible in all three groups, but the structures was more mature and denser in the TCC group and sparser in the C group. These findings indicate that titanium mesh has good space maintenance function, better maintains the stability of bone graft material, and enhances the osteogenesis effect to a certain extent. Concentrated growth factors may promote soft tissue healing.

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