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1.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 111-113,128, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605853

ABSTRACT

Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) is an extremely rare disease without any unified diagnostic criterion.The symptoms are usually nonspecific.Liver biopsy remains the most valuable tool for diagnosis of PHL.The predominant histology of PHL is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.The therapeutic modalities are variable,including surgery,chemotherapy,radiotherapy,or combination of the various processes.This article described a 33-year-old man with diffuse large B-cell PHL who was treated at the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Shanxi Medical Univeitity Blood Disease Diagnosis and Treatment Center in February 2014.The patient benefited from eight-cycle chemotherapy.At present,the patient is disease-free and undergoes regular follow-up.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 20-22, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507004

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expressions of metadherin (MTDH) and cyclinD1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and their clinical significances. Methods The protein expressions of MTDH and cyclinD1 were detected by immunohistochemistry in 78 cases of ESCC. Results The positive expression rate of MTDH in ESCC was 71.79%(56/78) and the positive expression rate of cyclinD1 in ESCC was 74.36%(58/78). The expressions of MTDH and cyclinD1 were significantly correlated with the degree of differentiation and lymph node metastasis (both P 0.05). Conclusion The over expressions of MTDH and cyclinD1 protein may involve in the occurrence and development of esophageal carcinoma, which play important roles in the invasion and metastasis of esophageal cancer.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637303

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the ultrasound features of ultrasonograpy-false-positive benign thyroid nodules in 37 cases. Methods With pathology results as the golden standard, thirty-seven patients with forty-six nodules were misdiagnosed as thyroid cancer by ultrasonography. The pre-operative diagnosis of ultrasonography were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Results Among forty-six thyroid nodules, twenty-one nodules had a diameter of 10.0 mm or smaller, while the other twenty-five nodules had a diameter of larger than 10.0 mm. In all forty-six thyroid nodules, the pre-operative ultrasonography found the majority of nodules with 3 or more than 3 malignant signs. The forty-six thyroid nodules showed solid (89.1%, 41/46), cystic-solid (10.9%, 5/46), marked hypoechogencity (87.0%, 40/46), ill-defined margin (56.5%, 26/46), calcification (76.1%, 35/46),microcalcification and macrocalcification), and taller-than-wide shape (30.4%, 14/46). The thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TI-RADS) lexicon was introduced to describe the lesions:forty-one nodules were categorized as TI-RADS 4c and 5 nodules were categorized as TI-RADS 5. On histology, these misdiagnosed thyroid nodules revealed severe fibrosis, hyalinization and calcification. The ultrasonic images were complicated and difficult to be differentiated from thyroid cancer. Conclusion Benign thyroid nodules with fibrosis, hyalinization, hemorrhage and calcification will lead tothe significant change on lesions' morphology, echo intensity and internal structure. When the benign and malignant signs ultrasound co-existed in a single thyroid nodule, benign thyroid nodules might be easily misdiagnosed as thyroid cancer.

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 670-672,676, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601535

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of 14-3-3ε protein in the bladder urothelial carcinoma (BUC) and to explore its association with the clinicopathologic features.Methods The bladder urothelial carcinoma samples were divided into three groups:normal control group of 10 cases,low-grade malignant BUC group of 25cases (includes 5 cases of papilloma,10 cases of PUNLMP and 10 cases of low grade non-invasive papillary urothelial carcinoma),high-grade malignant BUC group of 21 cases (includes 11 cases of high-grade non invasive papillary urothelial carcinoma and 10cases of infiltrating carcinoma).The expression and location of 14-3-3ε in three groups were detected by immunohistochemical EnVision and the relationship with clinicopathologic parameters was analyzed.Results 14-3-3ε expression was observed in the cytoplasm of the cell.The expression of 14-3-3ε in normal control group was 90 % (9/10),low-grade malignant BUC group was 72.0 % (18/25),high grade malignant BUC group was 14.3 % (3/21).It correlated with histological grading but had not showed correlation with other clinicopathologic parameters.There was significant difference in 14-3-3ε expression between the high grade malignant BUC group and the low-grade malignant BUC group,the high grade malignant BUC group and norml control group (all P < 0.05).Conclusions 14-3-3ε plays an important role in carcinogenesis of BUC.It may be a biomarker for early diagnosis and classification of BUC and shows promise for clinic application.

5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 448-451,454, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598449

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze imageology appearance and clinical characteristics of the cystic and solid breast carcinoma.Methods Features of MRI and B-type ultrasonic inspection of 26 patients with the cystic and solid breast carcinoma pathologically confirmed (15 patients with mucinous carcinoma,6 patients with intracystic papillary carcinoma,5 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the breast) were retrospectively reviewed.Results In terms of clinical appearance,the incidence of the squamous cell breast carcinoma with an average age of 70.1 years old was larger than in youth,while mucinous carcinoma with an average age of 67.7 years old and intracystic carcinoma of breast with an average age of 55.1 years old were contrary.The squamous cell breast carcinoma developed more quickly than mucinous carcinoma and intracystic carcinoma of breast.The squamous cell breast carcinoma often occurred around mammilla (4/5),while the mucinous carcinoma and intracystic papillary carcinoma often occurred upper outer quadrant of breast,which was similar with other breast cancer.The average size of 49.6 mm in the squamous cell breast carcinoma was largest than the average size of 25.1 mm in mucinous carcinoma and the average size of 35.2 mm in intracystic papillary carcinoma.The malignant degree of squamous cell breast carcinoma was higher than mucinous carcinoma and intracystic papillary carcinoma,which intended to occur lymph node metastasis and skin infiltration.The diagnosis probability of mucinous carcinoma was smaller than intracystic papillary carcinoma through preoperative puncture,while squamous cell breast carcinoma was larger.On the MRI imageology appearance,both types of breast cancer had the same shape of rotundity or lobulated.The tumors were low signal on T1WI and partially high signal on T2WI,which were circular enhancement after enhancement.However,the edge of mucinous carcinoma and squamous cell breast carcinoma was rougher than intracystic papillary carcinoma compared with squamous cell breast carcinoma.The bursa wall of mucinous carcinoma was more uniformity,while papillary soft tissue image can be found in intracystic papillary carcinoma,which was enhanced significantly after enhancement.In terms of ultrasonic sound (US),there were low echo signal and high echo signal on the back of tumor compared with other breast tumor.There were shadow beside mucinous carcinoma.Squamous cell breast carcinoma was rich in blood supply,while mucinous carcinoma and intracystic papillary carcinoma were opposite.Conclusion Histological type of cystic and solid breast carcinoma is complex,but the appearances of MRI and US have some characteristics.Histological type and the range of disease could be guessed through the combination of preoperative puncture and clinical appearance,which plays an important role in operation mode and treatment guidance.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 622-624, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421091

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression and significance of bcl-2 protein in esophageal squamous cell cancer and the surrounding tissues.Methods EnVision method was used to analyze the expression of bcl-2 protein in tissues of esophageal squamous cell cancer and the surrounding tissues from 62 patients.Results Expressions rates of bcl-2 protein were 80.3 % (49/61),45.9 % (28/61) and 67.7 % (20/62) in simple hyperplasia,high grade intraepithelial neoplasia and squamous cell carcinoma tissues,respectively,but 3.3 % (1/30) in normal mucosa tissue.There were significant differences between normal esophageal mucosa group and other groups (x2 =54.437,P < 0.01).The expression of bcl-2 had no differentiation in tissue differentiation grade and degree of invasion of carcinoma (x2 =0.219,x2 =5.878,P > 0.05).But it had significant relationship between the expression of bcl-2 and lymph node metastasis (x2 =4.120,P < 0.05).Conclusion bcl-2 may predicting the occurrence of esophageal squamous cell cancer in early stage,and may be regarded as an useful index for prognosis.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 303-306, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417305

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of EGFR, Her-2 and TOPO Ⅱ in esophageal canceration course, analyze the correlation between the expression and clinical pathological parameters and the correlation of the three genes. Methods EGFR, Her-2 and TOPO Ⅱ were detected by Tissue microarray technology and Envision immunohistochemistry method in 107 cases of esophageal carcinoma, including normal esophageal epithelium, esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Results The positive expression rates of EGFR and TOPO Ⅱ display an improving trend from normal esophageal epithelium, intraepithelial neoplasia to carcinoma (P =0.031) in the above four groups. The positive expression rates of EGFR were 8.41 %, 7.94 %, 27.27 %, 50.47 %, and TOPO Ⅱ were 3.74 %, 4.76 %, 20.45 %, 43.93 %. Furthermore, the expression showed gradually incresing with histological grades advance (P =0.009). There was no correlation between EGFR or TOPO Ⅱ and gender, age, lymph node or distant metastasis (P >0.05). There was a positive correlation between EGFR and TOPO Ⅱ (r 1=0.410, P 0.05), no correlation was obtained between Her-2 and gender, age, the depth of invasion or lymph node metastasis (P >0.05), no relationship between Her-2 and EGFR or TOPO Ⅱ either. Conclusion EGFR and TOPO Ⅱ are closely related to the occurrence and development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, their expressions all make a qualitative change in the esophageal high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia. The role of Her-2 in the development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is still not definite in Shanxi province.

8.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 243-246, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413379

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of cell cycle regulatory protein CDK4,p18,p19 in the genesis and development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).Methods Tissue microarray and immunohistochemical method (Envision) were used to detect the protein expression of CDK4,p18,p19 in 120 cases of esophageal tissues.The results were statistically analyzed.Results The positive rate of CDK4 protein expression in normal esophageal epithelium was low [28.3 % (34/120)],it increased in esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia [32.5 % (39/120)],and it was high in esophageal SCC [84.2 % (101/120)],which increased with the degree of SCC differentiation decreasing gradually.There was significant differences between the SCC and normal esophageal epithelium or esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia (x2= 76.004,P <0.05; x 2= 65.897,P < 0.05).The expression of CDK4 in group with lymphatic metastasis [93.88 % (46/49)]was higher than without it [71.43 % (55/71)] (x2= 5.860,P < 0.05).The positive rates of p18,p19 protein expression in normal esophageal epithelium were high [34.2 % (41/120),29.2 % (35/120)],it decreased in esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia [19.2 % (23/120),15.0 % (1 8/120)] (x 2= 134.481,P < 0.05; x 2 = 141.376,P < 0.05),but it were high in esophageal SCC [63.3 % (76/120) and 61.7 % (74/120)] which decreased with the degree of SCC differentiation gradually increased.There were significant differences between the normal esophageal epithelium and esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia,esophegeal intraepithelial neoplasia and SCC,normal esophageal epithelium and SCC (p 18:x 2 = 6.903,48.296,20.429,P < 0.05; p1 9:x2 = 6.998,55.276,25.565,P< 0.05).CDK4 protein expression was correlated with both p18 and p19 (r =0.696,0.630,P <0.05),and there was significant positive correlation between the protein expression of p18 and p19 (r =0.833,P <0.05).Conclusion Cell cycle regulatory gene CDK4,p18,p19 get involved in the genesis and development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Their protein expressions are closely related to canceration of esophageal epithelium.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 676-677,680, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597017

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions of p16, cyclinD1 protein in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and its clinic significance. Methods The expressions of p16 and cyclinD1 protein in 55 esophageal carcinoma cases were detected by immunohistochemical technique. Results The positive expression of p16 protein in 55 patients was 49.1%(27/55). The loss of p16 protein was significantly related to lymph node metastasis (P <0.05), and the positive expression of p16 had the higher five-year survival rate.Conversely, the positive expression of cyclinD1 in 55 patients was 74.5 % (41/55), and had the lower five-year survival rate compared to the negative expression cases. Conclusion Loss of p16 protein in human ESCC is a frequent event and correlates significantly with the lymph node metastasis. The loss of p16 and the over expression of cyclinD 1 in esophageal carcinoma may serve as a risk prognosis factors.

10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 185-186,189, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556800

ABSTRACT

Objecfive Most prostate cancer contains two or more widely separate turnors.To study the origin of prostate cancer based on the analysis of microsatellite alteration in separate tumors from the same prostate.Methods A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to examine the allelic loss pattern of 4 microsatellite polymorphic markers on chromosome 8p (D8S133,D8S136,D8S137) and 17q (D17S855) in multifocal tumors of prostate from 19 patients.DNA samples were obtained from different regions of distinctly separate tumors on single case using microdissection technique.Results The overall frequence of LOH at D8S133,D8S136,D8S137 and D17S855 for all informative cases was 74%,38%,86% and 46%respectively in 40 separate tumors of prostate from 19 patients.The pattern of allelic loss was not identical in 15 of 18 (83%) informative cases. It showed that the different regions of prostate cancer were independent origin respectively.Discordant pattern of histology was observe in distantly separate regions.whereas the same allele was consistently lost in samples from different regions of the same tumor in 3 cases. Condusion Current data supports independent origin of multiple tumors in most prostate cancer patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-542628

ABSTRACT

0.05). The positive rate was 81.0 %(17/21) in those with lymph node metastasis vs 48.6 %(17/35) in those without lymph node metastasis. The 3 year survival rate with p53 protein expression was significantly lower than those without p53 protein expression. [46.4 %(13/28) and 73.9 %(17/23) respectively]. The LOH rate of p53 gene in ESCC was 80.5 %(33/41), which had no obvious correlation with Age,Sex, Family history and lymph node metastasis, but had obvious correlation with the 3 year survival rate(P

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674693

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the density of langerhan cell(Lc) and Tcell (Tc) and the histological classification, biological behavior and prognosis of esophageal carcinoma.Methods The immunohistochemical (ABC) method with S-100 and CD3 staining was used in samples ofprimary esophageal cancer in 249 cases for quantitative analysis. All cases were followed up for more than7 years. We observed the morphology,number and distribution of langerhan cell (Lc) and T cell (Tc) indifferent portionof the tumor mass. Results Lc positive expressed in the nucleus and cytoplasma. To positiveexpressed in cytomembrane. The number of Lc in cancer nest had positive correlation with malignantdegree of tumor, infiltration depth and metastasis of lymph node, and had negative correlation with thesurvival period. On the contrary, the number of To and Lc in peritumor interstitial tissue had negativecorrelation with the survival period. Conclusion The distribution density of Lc and Tc in cancer nest andperitumor interstitial tissue might be used as an immunological parameter for assessment of the prognosis.

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