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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1228-1232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973624

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of icotinib and gefitinib in the treatment of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS The data of 146 patients with EGFR- mutant advanced NSCLC of our Hospital from December 2015 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed and divided into the gefitinib group (73 cases) and the icotinib group (73 cases) according to the drug use. Patients in the gefitinib group were given 0.25 g of gefitinib tablets once a day orally by single drug or combined with conventional chemotherapy, while patients in the icotinib group were given 125 mg of icotinib hydrochloride tablets three times a day orally by single drug or combined with conventional chemotherapy. Short-term efficacy, progression-free survival (PFS) were observed; Cox regression model was used to analyze the factors affecting the prognosis of patients; the occurrence of ADR were observed in the two groups. RESULTS There was no statistically significant difference in the objective remission rate, disease control rate, and the incidence of grade 1-2 and grade 3-4 adverse drug reactions between the two groups (P>0.05); median PFS was significantly better in the icotinib group than in the gefitinib group (P=0.048). Results of subgroup analysis based on patients basic information showed that compared with the gefitinib group, PFS of female [HR=0.57,95%CI(0.34,0.96),P=0.031] and non-brain metastatic patients [HR=0.58,95%CI(0.36,0.91),P=0.017] in icotinib group were prolonged significantly. Results of regression model analysis showed that EGFR19 exon Del mutation [HR=0.50, 95%CI(0.25,1.00), P=0.049], EGFR21 exon L858R mutation [HR=0.44, 95%CI(0.21,0.89), P=0.022] and icotinib treatment [HR=0.65, 95%CI (0.44,0.96), P=0.030] were influential factors for prognosis. CONCLUSIONS The short-term efficacy and safety of icotinib and gefitinib in the treatment of EGFR- mutant advanced NSCLC are comparable, but icotinib can significantly prolong the patients’ PFS; EGFR19 exon Del, EGFR21 exon L858R mutations and icotinib treatment are factors affecting patients’ prognosis.

2.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 288-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986715

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of brentuximab vedotin(BV) combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of malignant lymphoma. Methods We collected the data of 32 lymphoma patients with CD30-positive status, including 14 cases of Hodgkin's lymphomas, 2 cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, and 16 cases of mature T/NK cell lymphomas. Chemotherapy combined with BV was administered to all patients for a minimum of two cycles. The efficacy of the treatment was evaluated according to Lugano criteria every two cycles. Results Complete response rate and overall response rate after four cycles of treatment were 22% and 50%, respectively. Sixteen cases (50.0%) had grades 1 and 2 toxicity, and 16 cases (50.0%) had grade 3 toxicity or higher. The most common adverse events were neutropenia (50.0%), pneumonia (46.9%), and anemia (43.8%). The most common grade 3 or higher adverse events were pneumonia (18.8%) and febrile neutropenia (12.5%). Four patients discontinued brentuximab vedotin because of severe adverse events. Conclusion BV is effective in treating relapsed and refractory CD30- positive Hodgkin's lymphoma and peripheral T-cell lymphoma, and its overall safety is acceptable.

3.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 339-349, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931263

ABSTRACT

GB7 acetate is a galbulimima alkaloid obtained from Galbulimima belgraveana.However,information regarding its structure,biological activities,and related mechanisms is not entirely available.A series of spectroscopic analyses,structural degradation,interconversion,and crystallography were performed to identify the structure of GB7 acetate.The MTT assay was applied to measure cell proliferation on human colorectal cancer HCT 116 cells.The expressions of the related proteins were measured by Western blotting.Transmission electron microscopy(TEM),acridine orange(AO)and monodansylcadaverine(MDC)staining were used to detect the presence of autophagic vesicles and autolysosomes.A transwell assay was performed to demonstrate metastatic capabilities.Oxygen consumption rate(OCR)and extracellular acidification rate(ECAR)assays were performed to determine the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation(OXPHOS)and glycolysis activity of HCT 116 cells.The data showed that GB7 acetate suppressed the proliferation and colony-forming ability of HCT 116 cells.Pretreatment with GB7 acetate significantly induced the formation of autophagic vesicles and autolysosomes.GB7 acetate upregulated the expressions of LC3 and Thr172 phosphorylated adenosine 5'-monophosphate(AMP)-activated pro-tein kinase α(p-AMPKα),which are key elements of autophagy.In addition,GB7 acetate suppressed the metastatic capabilities of HCT 116 cells.Additionally,the production of matrix metallo-proteinase-2(MMP-2)and MMP-9 was reduced,whereas the expression of E-cadherin(E-cad)was upregulated.Furthermore,GB7 acetate significantly reduced mitochondrial OXPHOS and glycolysis.In conclusion,the structure of the novel Galbulimima alkaloid GB7 acetate was identified.GB7 acetate was shown to have anti-proliferative,pro-autophagic,anti-metastatic,and anti-metabolite capabilities in HCT 116 cells.This study might provide new insights into cancer treatment efficacy and cancer chemoprevention.

4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 5-10,F3, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of intraoperative intravenous injection of indocyanine green in differentiating extrahepatic bile duct structure in chronic atrophic cholecystitis.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 110 patients diagnosed with chronic AC who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) admitted to the Department of Hepatobiliary and pancreatic Surgery of Changzhou Second People′s Hospital from January 2020 to July 2021. All patients were confirmed by abdominal B-ultrasound before surgery. The patients in the experimental group were divided into experimental group ( n=55) and control group ( n=55) according to whether indocyanine green was intravenously injected during the operation. The experimental group was intravenously injected with 5 mg indocyanine green during the operation, and LC was navigated by indocyanine green fluorescence imaging technique during the operation. The control group received routine LC. The imaging rate and imaging time of the cystic duct, common bile duct, and common hepatic duct in the experimental group were compared. The clinical data, identify three tube time, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, abdominal cavity drainage placement and extubation time, transfer laparotomy and bile duct injury, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative first review of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), glutamine transferase (GGT) of leveling and follow-up were compared between the two groups. The measurement data subject to normal distribution were expressed by Mean±standard deviation ( ± s), and the two groups were compared by independent sample t test. The measurement data of skewness distribution were described by M( Q1, Q3)and the manhui method in nonparametric test was used Mann-whitney U test.The chi-square test or Fisher′s exact probability method was used for comparison between groups of count data. Results:Operation was performed successfully in both groups. In the experimental group, the common hepatic duct, common bile duct and gallbladder duct were developed successfully in all patients, 54 cases and 52 cases respectively, and the developing time of the three tubes was (15.8±1.2) min. In the experimental group, the time of three tubes, operation time, intraoperative blood loss and abdominal drainage tube placement were (18.5±1.3) min, (64.0±6.8) min, (16.3±6.7) mL, 43 cases, respectively. In the control group, there were (46.3±8.1) min, (98.7±10.5) min, (53.6±14.9) mL and 55 cases, respectively. The experimental group was significantly lower than the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P< 0.05). There was no case of conversion to laparotomy and bile duct injury in the experimental group, and 1 case of conversion to laparotomy and 1 case of bile duct injury in the control group, and there was no statistical significance between the two groups ( P>0.05). There were significant differences in postoperative extubation time and postoperative hospital stay between the two groups ( P<0.05). ALT and GGT levels were 47(31, 75) U/L and 38(19, 114) U/L in the experimental group and 62(53, 92) U/L and 76(63, 96) U/L in the control group at the first postoperative review, with statistically significant differences between the two groups ( P<0.05). Patients in both groups were followed up for 3 months after discharge. There were no obvious complications in the experimental group, and 1 case had a small amount of peritoneal effusion 7 days after discharge in the control group. Conclusion:In the face of LC with chronic AC, intraoperative intravenous injection of indocyanine green to develop extrahepatic bile duct can help to distinguish its anatomical structure and avoid bile duct injury, improve the safety and progress of surgery, and maximize training and improve the level of the surgeon.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 223-226, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958715

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the efficacy and security of 2 940 nm Er∶YAG laser combined with electronic injection of collagen in treatment of striae gravidarum.Methods:The symmetrical spots on both sides of abdomen of 21 subjects with striae gravidarum were divided into treatment and control groups by simple randomization method in the Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, 903 Hospital from November 2017 to May 2019. The treatment group were treated with 2 940 nm Er∶YAG laser combined with electronic injection of collagen every 2 months for 3 sessions, and control group were received 2 940 nm Er∶YAG laser combined with electronic injection of physiological saline. The total effective rate, satisfaction, striae width, histopathology, and the adverse reaction were evaluated at 6 months after treatment.Results:A total of 19 subjects completed the whole trail. The clinical effective rate of the treatment group was 89.47% and the control group was 68.42%. In the treatment group, 11 cases were satisfied with and 6 cases were very satisfied with treatment outcome. In the treatment group, 8 cases were satisfied with and 3 cases were very satisfied with treatment outcome. The difference of total effective rate and satisfaction was statistically significant ( χ2 was 3.91 and 5.54, P was 0.045 and 0.019). The maximum width decreased by (1.53±0.97) mm on treatment side, and (1.37±1.01) mm on control side. The difference of striae width was statistically significant. No adverse effect was observed on both sides. Conclusions:The combination of the 2 940 nm Er∶YAG laser with electronic injection of collagen for treatment of striae gravidarum is a safe and effective approach for improving of striae gravidarum.

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 532-538,F3, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954246

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of transcystic injection of indocyanine green during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) surgery in the treatment of patients with gallbladder stones combined with liver cirrhosis.Methods:The clinical data of 96 patients with cirrhosis who underwent LC for gallbladder stones with cholecystitis attacks in the Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery of the Second People′s Hospital of Changzhou City from January 2018 to May 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were diagnosed by clinical history and auxiliary examination before surgery and underwent cholecystectomy according to their groups, which were divided into fluorescence group ( n=49) and white light group ( n=47) according to whether ICG was used or not, where the fluorescence group underwent LC in fluorescence mode after direct intraoperative injection of ICG via gallbladder. The two groups were compared in terms of identification time of the three tubes, operation time, intraoperative bleeding, intraoperative injury, intraoperative open abdomen and blood transfusion, postoperative drainage time, postoperative hospitalization time, postoperative complications and changes in infection and liver function indexes before and after surgery. The measurement data obeying normal distribution were expressed as mean±standard deviation( ± s), and independent sample t-test was used for comparison between groups. The measurement data obeying the skewed distribution were expressed by M( Q1, Q3), and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between groups. Count data were expressed as rates (%), and the chi-square test or Fisher′s exact probability method was used for comparison between groups. Results:The procedure was successfully performed in both groups, and the identification of triple-tube time, operative time, intraoperative bleeding, postoperative drainage time, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative ALT, postoperative GGT, and postoperative TBIL in the fluorescent group were (14.96±1.49) min, (52.14±7.36) min, 5(5, 10) mL, (1.61±0.61) d, (2.37±0.49) d, 31.5(22.0, 44.8) U/L, 38.0(21.0, 91.5) U/L, 18.0(11.5, 22.8) μmol/L, and (29.87±3.37) min, (84.36±13.25) min, 10(10, 20) mL, (2.70±0.69) d, (3.15±0.42) d, 45.0(28.0, 64.8) U/L, 73.0(32.0, 132.0) U/L, 23.0(16.1, 29.3) μmol/L in the white light group and the differences were statistically significant compared with the two groups( P<0.05). In the fluorescence group, there was no intraoperative injury and no cases of intraoperative opening, and there were 2 cases of postoperative complications, while in the white light group, there were 2 cases of intraoperative injury, 1 case of intraoperative opening, and 5 cases of postoperative complications, and there were no cases of blood transfusion in both groups. There was no statistically significant difference between the fluorescence group and the white light group when comparing the preoperative laboratory indexes of both groups ( P>0.05). When comparing the first postoperative white blood cell count, C-reactive protein, aspartate aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase indexes in the fluorescence group and the white light group, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:When LC is performed in patients with symptomatic gallbladder stones combined with cirrhosis, intraoperative injection of indocyanine green via the gallbladder to visualize the gallbladder and bile duct structures is simple and easy to perform, and the safe and efficient dissection of extrahepatic bile ducts and gallbladder bed speeds up the procedure while reducing postoperative trauma.

7.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 837-846, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897473

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#There is no optimal prognostic model for T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL). Here, we discussed the predictive value of total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) measured on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography–computed tomography (PET-CT) in T-LBL. @*Materials and Methods@#Thirty-seven treatment naïve T-LBL patients with PET-CT scans were enrolled. TMTV was obtained using the 41% maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) threshold method, and TLG was measured as metabolic tumor volume multiplied by the mean SUV. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier curves and compared by the log-rank test. @*Results@#The optimal cutoff values for SUVmax, TMTV, and TLG were 12.7, 302 cm3, and 890, respectively. A high SUVmax, TMTV, and TLG indicated a shorten PFS and OS. On multivariable analysis, TMTV ≥ 302 cm3, and central nervous system (CNS) involvement predicted inferior PFS, while high SUVmax, TLG and CNS involvement were associated with worse OS. Subsequently, we generated a risk model comprising high SUVmax, TMTV or TLG and CNS involvement, which stratified the population into three risk groups, which had significantly different median PFS of not reached, 14 months, and 7 months for low-risk group, mediate-risk group, and high-risk group, respectively (p < 0.001). Median OS were not reached, 27 months, and 13 months, respectively (p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#Baseline SUVmax, TMTV, and TLG measured on PET-CT are strong predictors of worse outcome in T-LBL. A risk model integrating these three parameters with CNS involvement identifies patients at high risk of disease progression.

8.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 837-846, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889769

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#There is no optimal prognostic model for T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL). Here, we discussed the predictive value of total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) measured on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography–computed tomography (PET-CT) in T-LBL. @*Materials and Methods@#Thirty-seven treatment naïve T-LBL patients with PET-CT scans were enrolled. TMTV was obtained using the 41% maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) threshold method, and TLG was measured as metabolic tumor volume multiplied by the mean SUV. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier curves and compared by the log-rank test. @*Results@#The optimal cutoff values for SUVmax, TMTV, and TLG were 12.7, 302 cm3, and 890, respectively. A high SUVmax, TMTV, and TLG indicated a shorten PFS and OS. On multivariable analysis, TMTV ≥ 302 cm3, and central nervous system (CNS) involvement predicted inferior PFS, while high SUVmax, TLG and CNS involvement were associated with worse OS. Subsequently, we generated a risk model comprising high SUVmax, TMTV or TLG and CNS involvement, which stratified the population into three risk groups, which had significantly different median PFS of not reached, 14 months, and 7 months for low-risk group, mediate-risk group, and high-risk group, respectively (p < 0.001). Median OS were not reached, 27 months, and 13 months, respectively (p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#Baseline SUVmax, TMTV, and TLG measured on PET-CT are strong predictors of worse outcome in T-LBL. A risk model integrating these three parameters with CNS involvement identifies patients at high risk of disease progression.

9.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1864-1869, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922736

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the impact of middle- and long-distance running on mental health of students in a college in Guangzhou during the COVID-19 outbreak.@*METHODS@#We collected data using online questionnaires from the college students selected via snowball sampling. After exclusion of invalid questionnaires and matching the data of running exercise with physical test scores of the participants, 1022 questionnaires were deemed valid for analysis. Of the 1022 students, 869 completed at least a 60-km running distance each semester as required and 153 students did not complete the task. The mental health status of the students was evaluated using PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C), Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). The scale scores were compared between the students who completed the running task and those who did not, and the factors affecting anxiety and depression were analyzed using univariate analysis and binary logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#The students who completed the running task had significantly higher physical test scores than those who did not complete the task (@*CONCLUSION@#Regular middleand long-distance running exercise may enhance the physical health to indirectly promote the mental health of the college students during COVID-19 outbreak.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety , COVID-19 , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disease Outbreaks , Mental Health , SARS-CoV-2 , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 472-477,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907465

ABSTRACT

In the era of precision medicine, compared with open surgery, laparoscopic cholecystectomy has the advantages of less trauma, less postoperative complications and shorter hospital stay, but it cannot escape the risk of bile duct injury, and bile duct injury can occur at any time for various reasons, and its unpredictability greatly increases the difficulty of surgery. Although traditional cholangiography can avoid bile duct injury, it has not been widely used due to its limitations such as time consuming, high cost, high radiation and so on. Early indocyanine green has been widely used in lymph node examination, angiography, tumor localization and treatment due to its characteristics. Now, indocyane green fluorescence imaging technology has been gradually applied in LC, which can dynamically reflect the intraoperative situation and realize real-time surgical navigation, so it has achieved ideal effects in the identification of duct structure and prevention of bile duct injury. Indocyanine green injection preoperatively or intraoperatively through the gallbladder to develop extrahepatic bile ducts significantly improves the safety rate of surgery, but there is no unified standard for the use time and dosage of inddocyanine green. In this paper, the time and dose selection and clinical value of indocyanine green were reviewed based on the current research status and the author's experience.

11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1530-1538, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880760

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mental health status and its influencing factors among general population and healthcare professionals in Guangdong Province during COVID-19 pandemic.@*METHODS@#A online questionnaire-based survey was conducted from March 11st to March 15th, 2020.The questionnaire consisted of 4 parts to survey the participants'basic information, understanding of COVID-19 outbreak-associated information, cognition of COVID-19 pandemic and status of anxiety and depression.A total of 1433 valid responses were collected, including 706 from the general population and 727 from healthcare professionals.Cronbach's α coefficient and exploratory factor analysis were used for reliability and validity assessment.Chi-square, Wilcoxon and Kruskal-Wallis test were used for univariate analysis and ordinal or nominal logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis of the data.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference between the general population and the healthcare professionals in terms of anxiety, depression and cognition of COVID-19 outbreak after adjustment for demographic variables, but the levels of anxiety and depression of these participants were both higher than those before the pandemic.In the participants from the general population, multivariate logistic regressions showed an OR for anxiety of 1.93(1.18, 3.17) among those who spent 1-2 h a day in reading COVID-19-related news, while those who spent over 3 h had an OR value for anxiety of 1.88(1.14, 3.11);the unmarried individuals had a depression OR of 2.19(1.51, 3.18). Inaccurate cognition of COVID-19 outbreak was positive correlated with the occurrence of anxiety and depression.Unmarried individuals and those with higher educational levels had better cognition of COVID-19 outbreak.Among the healthcare professionals, multivariate logistic regressions suggested that insufficient rest time and worries about contracting the virus contributed to the occurrence of anxiety and depression.Among the nursing staff, the OR of obvious depression was 2.99(1.45, 6.18).Compared to healthcare professionals not working in designated hospital for COVID-19, those who work in the designated hospitals had ORs for obvious and severe depression of 0.48(0.25, 0.93) and 0.39(0.17, 0.89), respectively.Concerns over contracting the virus increased the possibility of incorrect cognition of COVID-19.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Psychological interventions are essential for both the general population and healthcare professionals, especially for unmarried individuals in the general population and the nursing staff.An excessive exposure to COVID-19-related information may have detrimental effects on the mental health.For healthcare professionals, sufficient rest needs to be ensured, and education programs on COVID-19 should be implemented among both residents and healthcare professionals to improve their mental health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety/epidemiology , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections , Health Status , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Reproducibility of Results , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 961-971, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828334

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to obtain the first national estimate of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Chinese children. We targeted the population of 6 to 12-year-old children for this prevalence study by multistage convenient cluster sampling. The Modified Chinese Autism Spectrum Rating Scale was used for the screening process. Of the target population of 142,086 children, 88.5% (n = 125,806) participated in the study. A total of 363 children were confirmed as having ASD. The observed ASD prevalence rate was 0.29% (95% CI: 0.26%-0.32%) for the overall population. After adjustment for response rates, the estimated number of ASD cases was 867 in the target population sample, thereby achieving an estimated prevalence of 0.70% (95% CI: 0.64%-0.74%). The prevalence was significantly higher in boys than in girls (0.95%; 95% CI: 0.87%-1.02% versus 0.30%; 95% CI: 0.26%-0.34%; P < 0.001). Of the 363 confirmed ASD cases, 43.3% were newly diagnosed, and most of those (90.4%) were attending regular schools, and 68.8% of the children with ASD had at least one neuropsychiatric comorbidity. Our findings provide reliable data on the estimated ASD prevalence and comorbidities in Chinese children.

13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 961-971, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826745

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to obtain the first national estimate of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Chinese children. We targeted the population of 6 to 12-year-old children for this prevalence study by multistage convenient cluster sampling. The Modified Chinese Autism Spectrum Rating Scale was used for the screening process. Of the target population of 142,086 children, 88.5% (n = 125,806) participated in the study. A total of 363 children were confirmed as having ASD. The observed ASD prevalence rate was 0.29% (95% CI: 0.26%-0.32%) for the overall population. After adjustment for response rates, the estimated number of ASD cases was 867 in the target population sample, thereby achieving an estimated prevalence of 0.70% (95% CI: 0.64%-0.74%). The prevalence was significantly higher in boys than in girls (0.95%; 95% CI: 0.87%-1.02% versus 0.30%; 95% CI: 0.26%-0.34%; P < 0.001). Of the 363 confirmed ASD cases, 43.3% were newly diagnosed, and most of those (90.4%) were attending regular schools, and 68.8% of the children with ASD had at least one neuropsychiatric comorbidity. Our findings provide reliable data on the estimated ASD prevalence and comorbidities in Chinese children.

14.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 9-14, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742996

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the method of preparing black phosphrous quantum dot (BPQD)-loaded erythrocyte membrane nanovesicles (BPQD-EMNVs), and to study its efficiency in photothermal therapy for breast cancer. Methods Fresh red blood cells (RBCs) of healthy mice were extracted to prepare erythrocyte membrane, and BPQD-EMNVs were prepared by sonication method. The morphology of BPQD-EMNVs was observed by a transmission electron microscopy. The particle size distribution was measured by a nano-particle size and Zeta potential meter. The encapsulation efficiency of BPQD was determined by inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry. The uptake rate of BPQD-EMNVs was observed by a laser scanning confocal microscope. 4T1 tumor-bearing Balb/c mice were randomly divided into PBS, EMNVs, BPQD and BPQD-EMNVs groups, and the tumor sites were irradiated with 808 nm near-infrared light for 10 min after 4 hours of tail vein injection. The growth of the tumors was continually observed. Results The prepared BPQD-EMNVs have a regular spherical shape with an average particle diameter of 228 nm and an encapsulation efficiency of about 47%. Cellular uptake in vitro experiments showed that BPQD-EMNVs were rapidly taken up by 4T1 tumor cells. The results of animal in vivo experiments showed that BPQD-EMNVs had the highest enrichment after 4 h of injection at the tumor site, and BPQD-EMNVs could effectively kill tumor tissues after 10 min of 808 nm near-infrared light irradiation. Conclusions The BPQD-EMNVs are easy to prepare, and the prepared nanovesicles have good biocompatibility and photothermiotherapy effect, which is expected to be a promising method for breast cancer therapy.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 537-540, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753416

ABSTRACT

In recent years,the increasingly intense doctor-patient relationship has become a major impact on health development and harmonious society construction in China.From the perspective of emotional interaction,this article focuses on improving medical techniques,establishing the awareness of comprehensive communication,attempting role exchange,showing humanistic concern,and expanding communication methods,in order to build an effective multidimensional doctor-patient communication framework and establish the new doctor-patient relationship with mutual respect,understanding,trust,and sympathy.

16.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 565-568, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751442

ABSTRACT

Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is one of the subtypes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, its most pathological type is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. At present, the gold standard of PCNSL diagnosis is biopsy and pathological examination, but many patients cannot be diagnosed early due to high risk of puncture, patient compliance problems and lack of specific symptoms. PCNSL is sensitive to chemotherapy, but many patients cannot tolerate high-dose chemotherapy or develop drug resistance, leading to disease progression or recurrence. Therefore, the search and identification of biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid for early diagnosis, efficacy judgment and prognosis monitoring are particularly important for improving the diagnosis and treatment of PCNSL.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2908-2912, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817467

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prepare Jinlei capsule and evaluate its quality. METHODS: Wet granulation was adopted. The molding technology of Jinlei capsule content granule was optimized with drug-excipient ratio, excipient ratio and ethanol volume fraction as factors, using comprehensive score of particle forming rate, moisture content and fluidity as the evaluation index. According to 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (part Ⅳ), the characters, moisture, volume difference, disintegration time limit were checked. Qualitative identification of Gentianopsis paludosa and Lysimachia christinale were analysed by TLC, and quantitative analysis of luteolin and kaempferol were analysed by HPLC. RESULTS: The optimal molding technology of Jinlei capsule content granule was that the maltodextrin and the micro-silica gel are mixed as a mixed auxiliary material according to 10 ∶ 1 and then mixed with the drug powder by 1 ∶ 0.5, using the wet granulation method with 90% ethanol as wetting agent. The characters, moisture, volume difference and disintegration time limit of Jinlei capsule were in line with Chinese Pharmacopoeia. TLC showed the same color spots on the corresponding positions of the reference chromatogram. The linear range of luteolin and kaempferol were 4.4-88.0 μg/mL and 9.6-96.0 μg/mL (all r=0.999 9). RSD of precision (n=6), reproducibility (n=6) and stability (18 h, n=7) tests were all lower than 2.5%. The average recoveries were 95.74% and 99.77% (RSD=1.50%, 2.72%, n=6); the content of them were 2.52, 0.34 mg/g. CONCLUSIONS: The optimal molding technology of Jinlei capsule is stable and feasible; prepared Jinlei capsule in controllable in quality.

18.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 565-568, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798248

ABSTRACT

Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is one of the subtypes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, its most pathological type is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. At present, the gold standard of PCNSL diagnosis is biopsy and pathological examination, but many patients cannot be diagnosed early due to high risk of puncture, patient compliance problems and lack of specific symptoms. PCNSL is sensitive to chemotherapy, but many patients cannot tolerate high-dose chemotherapy or develop drug resistance, leading to disease progression or recurrence. Therefore, the search and identification of biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid for early diagnosis, efficacy judgment and prognosis monitoring are particularly important for improving the diagnosis and treatment of PCNSL.

19.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1163-1170, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800308

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of cardial mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma (MANEC) and analyze its prognostic factors.@*Methods@#The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 34 patients with primary cardial MANEC who were admitted to the Changzhou No.2 People′s Hospital of Nangjing Medical University from January 2008 to January 2018 were collected. There were 20 males and 14 females, aged from 39 to 81 years, with an average age of 66 years. All the 34 patients underwent resection of cardia cancer and postoperative pathological examination. Observation indicators: (1) surgery and treatment; (2) clinical manifestations and pathological conditions; (3) pathological examination of surgical resection specimens; (4) follow-up and survival; (5) analysis of prognostic factors. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was conducted to detect the survival of patients and tumor recurrence and metastasis up to December 2018. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD. Measurement data with skewed distribution were expressed as M (range). Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages. Kaplan-Merier method was used to calculate the survival time and rate and draw the survival curve, and log-rank test was used for the survival analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using the COX proportional risk model.@*Results@#(1) Surgery and treatment: all the patients underwent surgery successfully and postoperative systemic chemotherapy based on cisplatin + etoposide. (2) Clinical manifestations and pathological conditions: patients had epigastric discomfort, abdominal pain and abdominal distension as the first symptoms. Of 34 patients, number of males, cases with age ≥60 years, cases with esophageal involvement, cases with stable microsatellite, cases with higher CA19-9, cases with elevated cancer embryonic antigen, cases of tumor pathologic TNM stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, cases with tumor diameter ≥5 cm, cases with vascular tumor emboli, cases with positive lymph node metastasis, cases with nerve invasion were 20, 29, 31, 28, 4, 3, 29, 30, 27, 30, 29, respectively. (3) Pathological examination of surgical excision specimens: the masses of patients were mainly ulcer-type, with the diameter of 3.0-8.4 cm. Of the 34 patients, 1 had tumor infiltrated into submucosa, 5 infiltrated into muscle layer, 18 infiltrated into serosal layer, and 10 infiltrated into extra-serous fibrous adipose tissues. Microscopy examination showed that all tumors were composed of two components including adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma, and the two components accounted for more than 30%. Among adenocarcinoma components of the 34 patients, 14 were poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma, 6 were mucinous adenocarcinoma, 6 were moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma, 5 were low-adhesion carcinoma, 1 was highly differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma, and 2 were papillary adenocarcinoma. Among the neuroendocrine carcinoma components of the 34 patients, 10 were small cell type and 24 were large cell type. Of the 34 patients, 10 had adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma closely adjacent but not confused, and 24 had adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma cross-mixed. Immunohistochemistry examination of 34 patients showed that the components of neuroendocrine carcinoma were positive for synaptophysin, pheochromoin A and nerve cell adhesion molecule. The components of adenocarcinoma were positive for broad-spectrum cytokeratin, cytokeratin 8/18 and cytokeratin 7. (4) Follow-up and survival: 34 patients were followed up for 8.0-68.0 months, with a median time of 53.7 months. The 34 patients had survived for 21-49 months, with a median time of 35 months. The 1-, 3-, 5-year survival rates were 93.31%, 53.60%, and 20.62%. (5) Ananlysis of prognostic factors: results of univariate analysis showed that CA19-9, tumor diameter, intravascular tumor thrombus, tumor pathological TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, microsatellite detection, and histological classification were the related factors affecting the prognosis of patients with cardial MANEC (risk ratio =1.724, 0.327, 1.401, 1.612, 1.542, 1.876, 0.945, 95% confidence interval: 1.226-3.467, 0.218-0.776, 1.171-4.432, 0.694-4.054, 0.987-3.776, 1.217-4.341, 0.614-2.115, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that the tumor pathological TNM stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, positive lymph node metastasis, stable microsatellite, neuroendocrine carcinoma as the main histological classification were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with cardial MANEC (odds ratio=1.667, 1.441, 1.306, 3.501, 95% confidence interval: 1.013-4.915, 1.035-5.746, 1.006-6.213, 2.076-8.528, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Cardial MANEC is composed of two components including adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma, and the two components account for more than 30%. The tumors in the neuroendocrine cacinoma area present as solid nest-like pattern, rosettes-shaped or organ-like pattern, with high nuclear-to-plasma ratio and fine chromatin, and it is easy to see mitotic figures. Adenocarcinoma components are tubular adenocarcinoma, mucinous adenocarcinoma, papillary adenocarcinoma with various differentiation. The adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma components can be cross-mixed, and also can be closely adjacent but not confused. Tumor pathological TNM stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, positive lymph node metastasis, stable microsatellite, neuroendocrine carcinoma as the main histological classification are independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with cardial MANEC.

20.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1163-1170, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823838

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of cardial mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma (MANEC) and analyze its prognostic factors.Methods The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 34 patients with primary cardial MANEC who were admitted to the Changzhou No.2 People's Hospital of Nangjing Medical University from January 2008 to January 2018 were collected.There were 20 males and 14 females,aged from 39 to 81 years,with an average age of 66 years.All the 34 patients underwent resection of cardia cancer and postoperative pathological examination.Observation indicators:(1) surgery and treatment;(2) clinical manifestations and pathological conditions;(3) pathological examination of surgical resection specimens;(4) follow-up and survival;(5) analysis of prognostic factors.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was conducted to detect the survival of patients and tumor recurrence and metastasis up to December 2018.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD.Measurement data with skewed distribution were expressed as M (range).Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages.Kaplan-Merier method was used to calculate the survival time and rate and draw the survival curve,and log-rank test was used for the survival analysis.Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using the COX proportional risk model.Results (1) Surgery and treatment:all the patients underwent surgery successfully and postoperative systemic chemotherapy based on cisplatin + etoposide.(2) Clinical manifestations and pathological conditions:patients had epigastric discomfort,abdominal pain and abdominal distension as the first symptoms.Of 34 patients,number of males,cases with age ≥ 60 years,cases with esophageal involvement,cases with stable microsatellite,cases with higher CA19-9,cases with elevated cancer embryonic antigen,cases of tumor pathologic TNM stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ,cases with tumor diameter ≥5 cm,cases with vascular tumor emboli,cases with positive lymph node metastasis,cases with nerve invasion were 20,29,31,28,4,3,29,30,27,30,29,respectively.(3) Pathological examination of surgical excision specimens:the masses of patients were mainly ulcer-type,with the diameter of 3.0-8.4 cm.Of the 34 patients,1 had tumor infiltrated into submucosa,5 infiltrated into muscle layer,18 infiltrated into serosal layer,and 10 infiltrated into extra-serous fibrous adipose tissues.Microscopy examination showed that all tumors were composed of two components including adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma,and the two components accounted for more than 30%.Among adenocarcinoma components of the 34 patients,14 were poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma,6 were mucinous adenocarcinoma,6 were moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma,5 were low-adhesion carcinoma,1 was highly differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma,and 2 were papillary adenocarcinoma.Among the neuroendocrine carcinoma components of the 34 patients,10 were small cell type and 24 were large cell type.Of the 34 patients,10 had adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma closely adjacent but not confused,and 24 had adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma cross-mixed.Immunohistochemistry examination of 34 patients showed that the components of neuroendocrine carcinoma were positive for synaptophysin,pheochromoin A and nerve cell adhesion molecule.The components of adenocarcinoma were positive for broad-spectrum cytokeratin,cytokeratin 8/18 and cytokeratin 7.(4) Follow-up and survival:34patients were followed up for 8.0-68.0 months,with a median time of 53.7 months.The 34 patients had survived for 21-49 months,with a median time of 35 months.The 1-,3-,5-year survival rates were 93.31%,53.60%,and 20.62%.(5) Ananlysis of prognostic factors:results of univariate analysis showed that CA19-9,tumor diameter,intravascular tumor thrombus,tumor pathological TNM stage,lymph node metastasis,microsatellite detection,and histological classification were the related factors affecting the prognosis of patients with cardial MANEC (risk ratio =1.724,0.327,1.401,1.612,1.542,1.876,0.945,95% confidence interval:1.226-3.467,0.218-0.776,1.171-4.432,0.694-4.054,0.987-3.776,1.217-4.341,0.614-2.115,P<0.05).Results of multivariate analysis showed that the tumor pathological TNM stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ,positive lymph node metastasis,stable microsatellite,neuroendocrine carcinoma as the main histological classification were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with cardial MANEC (odds ratio =1.667,1.441,1.306,3.501,95% confidence interval:1.013-4.915,1.035-5.746,1.006-6.213,2.076-8.528,P<0.05).Conclusions Cardial MANEC is composed of two components including adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma,and the two components account for more than 30%.The tumors in the neuroendocrine cacinoma area present as solid nestlike pattern,rosettes-shaped or organ-like pattern,with high nuclear-to-plasma ratio and fine chromatin,and it is easy to see mitotic figures.Adenocarcinoma components are tubular adenocarcinoma,mucinous adenocarcinoma,papillary adenocarcinoma with various differentiation.The adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma components can be cross-mixed,and also can be closely adjacent but not confused.Tumor pathological TNM stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ,positive lymph node metastasis,stable microsatellite,neuroendocrine carcinoma as the main histological classification are independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with cardial MANEC.

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