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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1481-1486, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Astragaloside Ⅳ-mediated Endothelial progenitor cells derived exosomes (EPC-Exos) on the biological function of EPC-Exos damaged by high glicose.Methods:EPCs from human umbilical cord blood were isolated and cultured in vitro. the EPC-Exos secreted by EPCs were extracted by ultracentrifugation combined with ultrafiltration, and identified by specific markers CD9, CD63 and CD81, respectively. After the cells were cultured for 24 hours with AS-IV at 100 mg/L and PBS at the same volume, the morphological characteristics of EPC-Exos were observed by transmission electron microscope. Human endothelial cells were isolated, cultured and identified in vitro. The identified endothelial cells were pretreated with 30 mmol/L glucose for 120 h and randomly divided into experimental group and control group, at the same time set the normal group. The cells were cultured for 24 hours, the effects of EPC-Exos on proliferation, adhesion, migration and angiogenesis of endothelial cells damaged by high glucose were observed by using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) Cell Proliferation Assay Kit, cell scratch test, adhesion assay and in vitro angiogenesis assay by Matrigel. Results:Compared with the normal group, the proliferation, migration, adhesion and tubulogenesis of human endothelial cells in the control group were significantly lower ( t=24.35, 6.80, 10.65, 9.62, P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the proliferation, adhesion, migration and tubulogenesis of human endothelial cells in the experimental group were significantly enhanced ( t=30.68, 5.99, 5.40, 8.25, P<0.05). Conclusions:EPC-Exos mediated by AS-Ⅳ can significantly improve the biological function of human endothelial cells damaged by high glucose and has the potential to modulate endothelial neovascularization in diabetic rats.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1001-1006, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impacts of astragaloside Ⅳ (AS-Ⅳ) on in- vitro proliferation and angioblastic differentiation of human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCBMSCs), providing a basis for further research about the effects of AS-Ⅳ on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)-mediated angiogenesis. Methods:The hUCBMSCs were extracted from umbilical cord blood of normal full-term infants and subcultured. Osteoblasts, chondroblasts, and lipoblasts were induced, differentiated and identified. At the same time, the surface antigens CD44, CD73, and CD105 on hUCBMSCs were determined by flow cytometry. The successfully identified hUCBMSCs were cultured and treated with a series concentrations of AS-Ⅳ (0, 50, 100, 200, 300, and 400 mg/L). The optimum concentration of AS-Ⅳ for cell proliferation in hUCBMSCs was confirmed. In another experiment, hUCBMSCs were randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group. The cells in the experiment group were treated with the optimum concentration of AS-Ⅳ, and those in the control group were treated with equal volume of PBS. The impact of AS-Ⅳ on the proliferation of hUCBMSCs was detected using the cell counting kit (CCK-8). Besides, the impact of AS-Ⅳ on the angioblastic differentiation of hUCBMSCs was examined using the matrigel in- vitro tube formation assay. CD31 and von willebrand factor (vWF) expressions were determined using immunofluorescence after hUCBMSCs differentiated towards endothelial cells. Results:Under the light microscope, hUCBMSCs had clear edges and arranged orderly, showing a typical long fusiform structure. Flow cytometry confirmed that hUCBMSCs had surface markers of mesenchymal stem cells. The optimum concentration of AS-Ⅳ for the proliferation of MSCs was 300 mg/L. The OD values of the control and experimental groups were (0.51±0.01) and (0.98±0.05), respectively, with statistical significance ( t=15.96, P<0.05), indicating that the proliferation ability of the experimental group was enhanced. Compared with the control group, the tube density and the length of the tube network in vitro in the experimental group were higher, with statistically significant difference [(629.80±52.94)mm vs (110.36±13.19)mm, P<0.05]. Compared with the control group, the expression of CD31 and vWF increased in the experimental group after AS-Ⅳ induced hUCBMSCs differentiation ( t=13.64, 13.18, P<0.05). Conclusions:AS-Ⅳ has no toxicity to human umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cells, and can improve their proliferation function, and induce hUCBMSCs to differentiate into endothelial cells.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921720

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Ginkgo biloba extract 50(GBE50) in the treatment of ischemic stroke. The databases including CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library were searched for randomized controlled trial(RCT) of GBE50 for the treatment of ischemic stroke reported between database inception and May 2020. The methodological quality of the included RCTs was evaluated via the Cochrane risk of bias tool. The RevMan 5.4 was used for Meta-analysis. Sixteen RCTs were included, involving 1 615 patients with acute ischemic stroke. Most of the included RCTs reported the methods of random sequence generation, but only two performed the concealment of random sequence. All RCTs failed in blinding. Two RCTs reported the information of cases lost to follow-up and drop-outs. Since the number was small, the baselines of groups remained balanced. All RCTs reported key outcomes of ischemic stroke, which made selective reporting bias in a low risk. Meta-analysis results revealed that GBE50 combined with routine therapies could effectively lower the score of the National Institutes of Health stroke scale(NIHSS) and restore cognitive function and daily activity in ischemic stroke patients. Compared with routine therapies, the combination is advantageous in treating patients with ischemic stroke. However, high-quality multicenter RCTs with large sample sizes are still required for verification.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Ginkgo biloba , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Plant Extracts , Stroke/drug therapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of auricular acupoint pressure therapy combined with intranasal dexmedetomidine for transthoracic echocardiography in pediatric patients.Methods:A total of 117 pediatric patients with congenital heart disease, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ, aged 3-36 months, weighing 5-20 kg, scheduled for elective transthoracic echocardiography under outpatient sedation, were selected.Transthoracic echocardiography was performed under sedation using intranasally administered dexmedetomidine or using auricular acupoint pressure therapy combined with intranasal dexmedetomidine.The interval between the two sedation methods was at least 1 week.Intranasal dexmedetomidine: Dexmedetomidine 3 μg/kg was administered to both nostrils via a nebulizer, with 1/2 dose in each nostril.Intranasal dexmedetomidine combined with auricular acupoint pressure: auricular acupressure with Wang Bu Liu Xing (semen vaccariae) seeds was used at the auricular acupoints.After each acupoint was rubbed for about 1 min, dexmedetomidine 3 μg/kg was administered to both nostrils via a nebulizer, with 1/2 dose in each nostril.After the examination, auricular acupoint pressure therapy was continued at home, and pressing-rubbing at the acupoints was manipulated for 3 times daily, one of which was performed at 30 min before going to bed, for 3 consecutive days.When the University of Michigan Sedation Scale score≥2 and body movement score ≥2 within 30 min after giving dexmedetomidine, sedation was considered to be successful.The onset time of sedation, examination time, waiting time, recovery time and the success of sedation were recorded.The incidence of adverse reactions such as bradycardia, hypotension, hypertension, hypoxemia, nausea and vomiting, respiratory depression, restlessness, hyperactivity, action imbalances and allergic reaction were recorded within 24 h after administration of dexmedetomidine.Time to recovery and improvement of sleep quality at night were recorded.Results:Compared with intranasal dexmedetomidine, the successful rate of sedation and incidence of improvement of sleep quality at night were significantly increased ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in adverse reactions using intranasal dexmedetomidine combined with auricular acupoint pressure ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Intranasal dexmedetomidine combined with auricular acupoint pressure therapy can increase the successful rate of sedation and improve the sleep quality at night in pediatric patients undergoing transthoracic echocardiography when compared to intranasal dexmedetomidine.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of a multi-task learning-based light-weight convolution neural network (MTLW-CNN) for the automatic segmentation of organs at risk (OARs) in thorax.Methods:MTLW-CNN consisted of several layers for sharing features and 3 branches for segmenting 3 OARs. 497 cases with thoracic tumors were collected. Among them, the computed tomography (CT) images encompassing lung, heart and spinal cord were included in this study. The corresponding contours delineated by experienced radiation oncologists were ground truth. All cases were randomly categorized into the training and validation set ( n=300) and test set ( n=197). By applying MTLW-CNN on the test set, the Dice similarity coefficients (DSCs) of 3 OARs, training and testing time and space complexity (S) were calculated and compared with those of Unet and DeepLabv3+ . To evaluate the effect of multi-task learning on the generalization performance of the model, 3 single-task light-weight CNNs (STLW-CNNs) were built. Their structures were totally the same as the corresponding branches in MTLW-CNN. After using the same data and algorithm to train STLW-CNN, the DSCs were statistically compared with MTLW-CNN on the testing set. Results:For MTLW-CNN, the averages (μ) of lung, heart and spinal cord DSCs were 0.954, 0.921 and 0.904, respectively. The differences of μ between MTLW-CNN and other two models (Unet and DeepLabv3+ ) were less than 0.020. The training and testing time of MTLW-CNN were 1/3 to 1/30 of that of Unet and DeepLabv3+ . S of MTLW-CNN was 1/42 of that of Unet and 1/1 220 of that of DeepLabv3+ . The differences of μ and standard deviation (σ) of lung and heart between MTLW-CNN and STLW-CNN were approximately 0.005 and 0.002. The difference of μ of spinal cord was 0.001, but σof STLW-CNN was 0.014 higher than that of MTLW-CNN.Conclusions:MTLW-CNN spends less time and space on high-precision automatic segmentation of thoracic OARs. It can improve the application efficiency and generalization performance of the models.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887958

ABSTRACT

The quality control of Epimedii Folium, composed of diverse constituents, is single at present. In view of this, an eva-luation method of 13 chemical constituents based on quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) was established to further explore the composition differences of raw products and alcohol extracts in different batches and the influence of alcohol extraction on the composition, so as to provide a reference for improving the quality evaluation and control of Epimedii Folium. The fingerprints of different batches of Epimedii Folium were constructed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography(UPLC) to evaluate the inter-batch consistency. The changes of the flavonoids in Epimedii Folium during alcohol extraction were analyzed based on determined levels and heat map, and the reasons for the changes were preliminarily discussed. With icariin, the quality control component recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, as the internal reference, the stability of the relative correction factors of chemical components under different conditions was investigated to obtain the relative correction factors. Then the determination results of QAMS and the external standard method were compared to verify the accuracy of QAMS. The results revealed that all batches of Epimedii Folium met the requirements specified in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and the fingerprints of Epimedii Folium from the same place of origin exhibited a high similarity. Raw products and alcohol extracts of Epimedii Folium could be clearly distinguished by prenylated flavonoids, which are potential biomarkers for quality control. Additionally, the glycoside hydrolysis in the alcohol extraction was preliminarily explored. The QAMS method has good accuracy, durability, and repeatability in determining 13 chemical components in Epimedii Folium under different experimental conditions. No significant difference in the results obtained by the two methods was observed. This study can provide a reference for comprehensive, rapid and reasonable quality evaluation of Epimedii Folium.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plant Leaves
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2093-2101, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887058

ABSTRACT

At present, the research of Moutan cortex carbonisata (MCC) mainly focuses on the changes of chemical composition before and after charcoal production, and there is a lack of material basic research directly related to the efficacy at home and abroad. In this study, Moutan cortex, as a precursor, and was calcined to MCC at high temperature. The Moutan cortex carbonisata nano-components (MCC-NCs) were extracted and separated from MCC to explore its cooling-blood and hemostatic effects. In the experiment, the MCC was calcined at a high temperature in a muffle furnace (350 ℃, 1 h), and then MCC-NCs were extracted for MCC, and characterized by transmission electron microscopy and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. In addition, the study evaluated the blood-cooling and hemostatic effects of MCC-NCs. The results showed that MCC-NCs have a size distribution of 0.80-2.8 nm, a lattice spacing of 0.26 nm. MCC-NCs are mainly composed of C, O and N elements and have abundant surface functional groups such as OH, C=O, C-N and C=C. The fluorescence yield of MCC-NCs was 7.18%. The experiments complied with the Animal Ethics Committee of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. The result indicated that pretreatment MCC-NCs can significantly (P < 0.05) reduce the high, medium, and low viscosity of whole blood and plasma viscosity, and reduce hematocrit, red blood cell distribution width, hemoglobin and red blood cell level. In addition, MCC-NCs significantly reduced the levels of activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time and fibrinogen (P < 0.05). The pathological examination results showed that MCC-NCs can significantly reduce lung tissue damage, reduce bleeding and inflammatory cell infiltration. At the same time, it can also significantly reduce the symptoms of gastric mucosal bleeding. In conclusion, the results indicated that MCC-NCs has significantly the effect of blood cooling and hemostasis, and its hemostatic effect is mainly related to the activation of endogenous coagulation pathway or fibrinogen system, which provided a novel strategy for exploring the material basis of traditional Chinese medicine for hemostasis.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1100-1108, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886980

ABSTRACT

The structure and diversity of the intestinal flora in rats exposed to high altitude hypoxia was investigated. Animal experiments strictly follow the regulations of Medical Laboratory Animal Ethics Committee of Qinghai University, School of Medicine. SD rats were randomly divided into a control group, a moderate altitude hypoxia group, and a high altitude hypoxia group. The pH value of the feces was measured and histopathological changes in the small intestine were determined by HE staining, and the intestinal flora were characterized by 16S rDNA high throughput sequencing technology on the 3rd, 7th, 15th, and 30th day of hypoxia exposure. Compared with the control group, the fecal pH value of rats in the moderate altitude hypoxia group and the high altitude hypoxia group was decreased significantly. The lamina propria and submucosa capillaries were slightly dilated and congested on the 3rd day in the moderate altitude hypoxia group. In the high altitude hypoxia group the submembrane capillaries were dilated and congested, the lamina propria of the mucosa showed mild edema, and the lymphatic vessels were dilated on the 7th day. The composition and diversity of intestinal flora in these rats changed significantly with prolonged exposure to the high altitude hypoxic environment. A total of 35 phyla, 87 classes, 205 orders, 337 families, 638 genera, and 256 species were annotated in the three groups of rats, including Firmicutes, Clostridia, Clostridiales, Ruminococcaceae, Akkermansia, and Lactobacillus_murinus. Compared with the control group, the intestinal flora of the hypoxic groups showed the most significant changes by the 15th day. There were 9 microbiota of gut microorganisms with relative abundance in the moderate altitude hypoxia group, of which Rikenellaceae_RC9_gut_group bacteria was the most common, there were 19 different microbiota of gut microorganisms with higher relative abundance in the high altitude hypoxia group, of which Ruminococcaceae bacteria was the most common. The results of this study indicate significant changes in the intestinal flora with high altitude hypoxia, and establish a foundation for further research on the initiation and development of diseases and drug metabolism in high altitude hypoxia.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884277

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the curative efficacy of a buttress plate combined with Kirschner wires for treatment of Regan-Morrey type Ⅱ coronoid fracture after elbow terrible triad injury.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 20 patients who had been surgically treated for Regan-Morrey type Ⅱ coronoid fracture after elbow terrible triad injury from August 2014 to August 2018 at Department of Pelvic Trauma, Henan Luoyang Orthopedic-Traumatological Hospital. They were 12 men and 8 women, aged from 18 to 60 years (average, 39 years), with 6 left and 14 right sides affected. All the coronoid fractures were fixated with Kirschner wires plus a buttress plate through the anterior approach, the radial head and lateral collateral ligaments (LCL) were repaired through the posterolateral approach, and the medial collateral ligament (MCL) was repaired or fixated with a hinged external fixator if necessary. The curative efficacy was evaluated at the last follow-up by range of motion (ROM) of the elbow, Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Scale (ASES) and radiographs of the elbow. Complications were also recorded.Results:The mean follow-up time was 18 months (from 12 to 24 months) and the mean healing time 5 months. At the last follow-up, ROM in flexion and extension of the affected elbow joint averaged 132.5°, ROM in elbow pronation-supination 150°, MEPS 88, and ASES 87. No subluxation or dislocation occurred after elbow surgery. The fracture of coronoid process was slightly displaced in one case but eventually healed without affecting any elbow function; fat liquefaction occurred around the posterolateral incision in 2 cases but healed after debridement; traumatic arthritic changes occurred in 5 patients but no significant dysfunction of the elbow was observed.Conclusion:A buttress plate combined with Kirschner wires can lead to fine curative efficacy for Regan-Morrey type Ⅱ coronoid fracture after elbow terrible triad injury.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 24-28, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884004

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of astragaloside IV (AS-IV) on the secretion of stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) and CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) by high glucose injured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), so as to lay a foundation for further study on AS-IV improving angiogenesis by regulating SDF-1 α/CXCR4 axis of endothelial cells.Methods:HUVECs were isolated and cultured from the umbilical vein of full-term healthy newborns and identified by von Willebrand factor (vWF) combined with 4-diamino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) nuclear staining. The obtained HUVECs was cultured in EGM-2 medium with 30 mmol/L glucose for 120 h to obtain high glucose damaged HUVECs. After intervention with different concentration gradients (25 mg/L, 50 mg/L, 100 mg/L, 200 mg/L, 400 mg/L) AS-IV for 72 hours, the contents of SDF-1α and CXCR4 were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method to determine the best concentration of AS-IV. The supernatant of damaged HUVECs were collected at 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after intervention with the best concentration of AS-IV, and the contents of SDF-1α and CXCR4 were detected by ELISA method to determine the best action time of AS-IV. The damaged HUVECs was randomly divided into experimental group and control group, and the blank group was set up at the same time. The experimental group was treated with the best concentration of AS-IV and the best time, the control group and the blank group were treated with the same volume of phosphate buffered saline (PBS) solution, and the contents of SDF-1α and CXCR4 in each group were detected by ELISA method.Results:The vWF factor on the cell membrane was green fluorescence, and the nucleus was blue after DAPI staining. When the fusion image showed green fluorescence, HUVECs were identified by blue fluorescence. The expression of SDF-1α in damaged HUVECs was the best when treated with AS-IV of 100 mg/L for 24 hours (1 642.87 pg/ml), and the expression of CXCR4 in damaged HUVECs was the best when treated with AS-IV of 50 mg/L for 48 hours (8.44 ng/ml). Compared with the control group, the contents of SDF-1α and CXCR4 in the experimental group were significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). While the contents of SDF-1α and CXCR4 in the experiment group were slightly less than those in the blank group and there was no statistically significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusions:AS-IV can promote the expression of SDF-1α and CXCR4 in HUVECs damaged by high glucose to return to normal physiological level, so as to play the role of vascular repair and neovascularization.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882546

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between the indexes of tongue coating exfoliated cells and the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndromes of patients with chronic gastritis.Methods:One hundred and forty-eight patients with chronic gastritis in our hospital from March 2017 to May 2018 were selected and divided into 4 groups, including 36 patients with spleen and stomach weakness syndrome, 39 patients with liver-stomach discordance syndrome, 32 patients with stomach yin deficiency syndrome, and spleen and 41patients with stomach damp-heat syndrome according to the TCM classification. In addition, another 50 healthy people without cold and heat deficiency syndrome were selected as healthy control group. The maturity index (MI) and mature value (MV) of tongue coating exfoliated cells, chemical indicators and cell cycle of tongue coating exfoliated cells were detected. The spearman rank correlation method was used to analyze the indicators of tongue coating exfoliated cells and TCM syndromes.Results:Compared with the healthy control group, the subjects with spleen and stomach weakness syndrome, liver-stomach discord syndrome, stomach-yin deficiency syndrome, spleen-stomach damp-heat syndrome showed significantly higher percentage of intermediate cells [(14.85 ± 4.03) % vs. (26.47 ± 3.94) %, (22.32 ± 5.41) %, (31.47 ± 3.28) %, (35.62 ± 3.96) %, P<0.05], significantly lower percentage of surface cells [(85.15 ± 5.33) % vs. (73.53 ± 6.47) %, (77.68 ± 5.38) %, (68.53 ± 4.20) %, (64.38 ± 4.39) %, P<0.05], and significantly lower percentage of MV value [(92.61 ± 3.74) % vs. (83.52 ± 3.10) %, (87.64 ± 2.95) %, (79.38 ± 3.21) %, (75.63 ± 2.83) %, P<0.05]. Compared with the healthy control group, the ACP, LDH, SDH, and -SH in tongue coating exfoliated cells of subjects with spleen and stomach weakness syndrome, liver and stomach discordance syndrome, and stomach yin deficiency syndrome were all significantly decreased ( P<0.05), while ACP, LDH, SDH, and -SH in subjects with spleen and stomach damp-heat syndrome were all significantly increased ( P<0.05). the percentage of cells in G1 phase of subjects with gastric yin deficiency and spleen and stomach damp-heat syndrome were significantly decreased ( P<0.05), while the percentage of S phase cells were significantly increased ( P<0.05). Spearman rank correlation analysis showed that each syndrome type was correlated with ACP, LDH, SDH, -SH ( r values were 0.608, 0.712, 0.704, 0.631, respectively, all Ps<0.05). Conclusion:Patients with different TCM syndromes of chronic gastritis may have different morphological changes of tongue coating exfoliated cells, large differences in cell cycle, and different levels of cell biochemical indicators.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 699-707, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878065

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Autophagy of alveolar macrophages is a crucial process in ischemia/reperfusion injury-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are multipotent cells with the potential for repairing injured sites and regulating autophagy. This study was to investigate the influence of BM-MSCs on autophagy of macrophages in the oxygen-glucose deprivation/restoration (OGD/R) microenvironment and to explore the potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#We established a co-culture system of macrophages (RAW264.7) with BM-MSCs under OGD/R conditions in vitro. RAW264.7 cells were transfected with recombinant adenovirus (Ad-mCherry-GFP-LC3B) and autophagic status of RAW264.7 cells was observed under a fluorescence microscope. Autophagy-related proteins light chain 3 (LC3)-I, LC3-II, and p62 in RAW264.7 cells were detected by Western blotting. We used microarray expression analysis to identify the differently expressed genes between OGD/R treated macrophages and macrophages co-culture with BM-MSCs. We investigated the gene heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which is downstream of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of LC3-II/LC3-I of OGD/R treated RAW264.7 cells was increased (1.27 ± 0.20 vs. 0.44 ± 0.08, t = 6.67, P  < 0.05), while the expression of p62 was decreased (0.77 ± 0.04 vs. 0.95 ± 0.10, t = 2.90, P  < 0.05), and PI3K (0.40 ± 0.06 vs. 0.63 ± 0.10, t = 3.42, P  < 0.05) and p-Akt/Akt ratio was also decreased (0.39 ± 0.02 vs. 0.58 ± 0.03, t = 9.13, P  < 0.05). BM-MSCs reduced the LC3-II/LC3-I ratio of OGD/R treated RAW264.7 cells (0.68 ± 0.14 vs. 1.27 ± 0.20, t = 4.12, P  < 0.05), up-regulated p62 expression (1.10 ± 0.20 vs. 0.77 ± 0.04, t = 2.80, P  < 0.05), and up-regulated PI3K (0.54 ± 0.05 vs. 0.40 ± 0.06, t = 3.11, P  < 0.05) and p-Akt/Akt ratios (0.52 ± 0.05 vs. 0.39 ± 0.02, t = 9.13, P  < 0.05). A whole-genome microarray assay screened the differentially expressed gene HO-1, which is downstream of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, and the alteration of HO-1 mRNA and protein expression was consistent with the data on PI3K/Akt pathway.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our results suggest the existence of the PI3K/Akt/HO-1 signaling pathway in RAW264.7 cells under OGD/R circumstances in vitro, revealing the mechanism underlying BM-MSC-mediated regulation of autophagy and enriching the understanding of potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of ALI.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Bone Marrow , Glucose , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Oxygen , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1869-1874, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922215

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the overview of thrombosis in myeloproliferative neoplasms(MPN) patients, and to explore the risk factors of thrombosis at diagnosis and during follow-up.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 388 MPN patients treated in our hospital were collected. The patients were followed up by outpatient and phone. The risk factors of thrombosis were analyzed by statistical methods.@*RESULTS@#Among 388 MPN patients, 161 patients (41.49%) showed thromboses at diagnosis or during follow-up. Among them, 92.55% were arterial thromboses, 146 cases (96.27%) were complicated with thromboses at diagnosis, and 36 cases (11.46%) showed newly thromboses or progression of previous thromboses among the 314 received full follow-up patients. Age (P<0.001, HR:1.033, 95%CI:1.016-1.051), JAK2V617F mutation (P=0.037, HR:1.72, 95%CI: 1.033-2.862), hypertension (P<0.001, HR:2.639, 95%CI:1.659-4.197) and hyperlipidemia (P<0.001, HR:2.659, 95%CI:1.626-4.347) were the independent risk factors affecting thrombosis at diagnosis of the patients. During the follow-up, age (P=0.016, HR:1.032, 95%CI: 1.006-1.059) and previous thrombosis history (P=0.019, HR:2.194, 95%CI: 1.135-4.242) were the independent risk factors affecting the progression of thrombosis at different sites or on the basis of the previous thrombosis in the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with advanced age, JAK2V617F mutation or complicated with hypertension and hyperlipidemia shows a higher risk of thrombosis at diagnosis, while the patients with advanced age or previous thrombosis history shows a higher risk of progression of thrombosis during the follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Neoplasms , Philadelphia Chromosome , Risk Factors , Thrombosis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847732

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Currently, it was confirmed that encapsulating islets with natural or synthetic biomaterials to form a barrier with the function of immune isolation can not only reduce the systematic use of immunosuppressive agents to a certain extent, but also make heterogenous islet transplantation possible. OBJECTIVE: To introduce the research progress of the biomaterials for islet transplantation, describe several models for encapsulating islet, and eventually discuss current research focus and prospects of islets encapsulating models. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed and Web of Science databases with the search terms “islet encapsulation, islet transplantation biomaterials, islet transplantation hydrogel” for relevant papers published. Initially, a total of 447 papers were retrieved, and 89 of them were included in the final analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: There are two main deficiencies in islet encapsulation for transplantation: one is the attack of immune rejection by the recipient; the other is the shortage of supply of oxygen and nutrient. Encapsulation of islet with a single material, synthetic or natural biomaterial, cannot address the two issues mentioned above. Herein, the biomaterial used for islet encapsulation must be modified. Current islet hydrogel models tend to combine synthetic biomaterials with natural biomaterials to take full advantage of the two kinds of biomaterials. In addition, immune-regulating drugs, angiogenic factors, or factors promoting the survival or function of islets can also be incorporated into the biomaterial. Besides, other cells can be involved to co-transplant with islets in the hydrogel. How to incorporate various strategies for addressing the above issues properly is the key of future research.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846716

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by persistent synovitis and destruction of articular cartilage and bone. With the aging of the population, the incidence of RA is increasing year by year and the burden of public health is becoming more and more serious. Tripterygium wilfordii has the effects of dispelling wind and dredging collaterals, dehumidifying and relieving pain, detoxification and insecticide. It is often used in the treatment of various autoimmune diseases, tumors and skin diseases in clinic, and the prominent effect is observed in the treatment of RA especially. This review systematically summarizes and discusses the latest research progress of T. wilfordii in the treatment of RA in the aspects of experimental pharmacology and clinical research, including its single application, the compatible application with other Chinese materia medica, and the combination of Western medicine, which is expected to promote the innovative drug development and more reasonable and effective clinical application of T. wilfordii in the treatment of RA.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 812-824, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828842

ABSTRACT

Peritoneal adhesions are fibrous tissues that tether organs to one another or to the peritoneal wall and represent the major cause of postsurgical morbidity. Enterolysis at repeat surgeries induces adhesion reformation that is more difficult to prevent than primary adhesion. Here we studied the preventive effects of different approaches of berberine treatment for primary adhesion, and its effects on adhesion reformation compared to Interceed. We found the primary adhesion was remarkably prevented by berberine through intraperitoneal injection 30 min before abrasive surgery (pre-berberine) or direct addition into injured cecum immediately after the surgery (inter-berberine). Rats with adhesion reformation had a more deteriorative collagen accumulation and tissue injury in abrasive sites than rats with primary adhesion. The dysregulated TIMP-1/MMP balance was observed in patients after surgery, as well as adhesion tissues from primary adhesion or adhesion reformation rats. Inter-berberine treatment had a better effect for adhesion reformation prevention than Interceed. Berberine promoted the activation of MMP-3 and MMP-8 by directly blocking TIMP-1 activation core, which was reversed by TIMP-1 overexpression in fibroblasts. In conclusion, this study suggests berberine as a reasonable approach for preventing primary adhesion formation and adhesion reformation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824104

ABSTRACT

To develop and validate a novel 6-dye STR(short tandem repeat) 25-plex DNA typing system for forensic DNA profiling and databases. In this study, a novel STR 25-plex DNA typing system that includes 24 autosomal STRs (D1S1656, D2S1338, D2S441, D3S1358, D5S818, D6S1043, D7S820, D8S1179, D10S1248, D12S391, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D19S433, D21S11, D22S1045, CSF1PO, FGA, Penta D, Penta E, TH01, TPOX, vWA, D11S4463) and Amelogenin was developed. Validation studies demonstrated the sensitivity, accuracy, and reproducibility of our novel STR 25-plex DNA typing system. The sensitivity of the STR 25-plex DNA typing system was demonstrated by the ability to obtain complete profiles from as little as 0.125ng of human DNA. Specificity testing was demonstrated by the lack of cross-reactivity to a variety of commonly encountered animal species and microbial pool. For stability testing, full profiles were obtained with humic acid concentration ≤60ng/μL and hematin ≤600μM. For forensic evaluation, the selected 24 autosomal STRs followed the Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium. Since 24 autosomal STRs were independent from one another, PM (Probability matching) was 3.5434×10-28, TDP (Total Probability of Discrimination Power) was 0.999999999999999999999999969863, and CEP (Cumulative probability of exclusion) was 0.99999999375. The new STR 25-plex typing system is sensitive, reproducible, and stable, therefore it is highly applicable for use in national DNA database and can help to facilitate international data sharing.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2219-2223, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825651

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study spectrum-effect relationship of 11 different solvent extracts from Trollius chinensis against hypoxia/reoxygenation injury of cardiomyocyte . METHODS :HPLC-MS/MS method was used to establish the fingerprints of 11 different solvent extracts from T. chinensis ,the compounds corresponding to the common peaks were identified by comparing with the substance control and literature information. MTT assay was used to detect the effects of 11 different solvent extracts from T. chinensis on the survival rate of rat myocardial H 9c2 cells injured by hypoxia/reoxygenation. The MDA content ,ROS level in cells and LDH content in the supernatant were detected by ELISA. GRA and PLS method were used to analyze the spectrum-effect relationship between the compounds corresponding to common peak and anti-hypoxia/reoxygenation injury of cardiomyocyte (drug effect). RESULTS :There were 22 common peaks in 11 different solvent extracts from T. chinensis ,and 22 compounds were identified. Compared with hypoxia/reoxygenation injury group ,survival rate of hypoxia/reoxygenation injury+S 1-S6,S9 and S 10 groups were increased significantly ,while MDA content ,ROS level and LDH content were decreased significantly (P<0.05); ROS level and LDH content of hypoxia/reoxygenation injury+S 8 group w ere decreased significantly (P<0.05). The r of GRA analysis of 22 compounds with drug effects were all higher than 0.8. Except for peaks 1,2,7,13,14 and 21,r of PLS analysis of rest peaks with drug effects were higher than 0 发。电话:0431-86058683。E-mial:nml2000@163.com (being positive correlation ). Top 9 common peaks in the list of contribution rate were peak 6>11>4>5>8>9>12>10>15. CONCLUSIONS :Orientin(peak 6),vitexin(peak 11), orientin-2″-O-β-L-galacto- pyranosl (peak 4),orientin-2″-O-β-D-Pyrine xylosides (peak 5),quercetin-3-O-glucopyranoside(peak 8),vitexin-2″-O-β-L-galactoside(peak 9),hyperoside(peak 12),vitexin-2″-O-β-D-pyrine xylosides (peak 10),2″-O-(2″′- methylbutyry-loxy)-orientin(peak 15)may be the main components of anti-hypoxia/reoxygenation injury of cardiomyocytes.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872375

ABSTRACT

Key healthcare resources are doubtlessly critical in emergency management. How to balance the supply and demand, use limited resources scientifically and rationally, and maintain a healthy public service system, have emerged an important challenge in emergency command. Based on the theory of supply-demand balance of public goods, the article took Wuhan as an example to analyze and establish a model on key healthcare resources allocation, in order to provide reference and evidence for global health governance and other similar public health emergencies.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 446-453, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic value of PD-L1 expression level in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC).Methods:The clinicopathological and survival data of patients with mRCC in our hospital from Jan 2014 to Apr 2016 were retrospectively analyzed including 46 males and 15 females. The median age of these patients was 56 years(range: 29-75 years), with 41 patients ≤60 years and 20 patients >60 years. The baseline data before the systemic therapy showed 36 patients(59.0%)had 1 metastatic organ and 25 patients (41.0%) had equal or more than 2 organs to be metastasized. Among them, 17 patients(27.9%)had lung metastasis and 54 patients(88.5%)had liver metastasis. Abnormal baseline LDH occurred in 4 patients and 52 patients had normal LDH. Favorite and intermediate risk patients categorized by MSKCC risk stratification accounted for 59.6%(34 patients)and 40.4%(23 patients), respectively. Six patients(9.8%)experienced distant metastasis at initial diagnosis, with 4 of them undergoing primary site resection, and the other 55 patients undergoing radical nephrectomy. PD-L1 expression was detected by the immunohistochemical staining method. PD-L1 staining rate ≥1% detected on the tumor cell membrane was defined as positive expression. The correlation between PD-L1 expression and clinicopathological characteristics were compared. Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to compare the differences about DFS and OS under different factors. Cox proportional hazards regression model is used for multivariable analysis of survival data.Results:The detailed pathological types of the 61 patients with renal cell carcinoma were classified as 53 clear cell carcinomas, 3 papillary carcinomas, 1 collecting duct carcinoma, 2 translocation renal cell carcinomas and 2 being unclassified. There were 4, 20, 19 and 9 patients categorized as WHO/ISUP nuclear grade 1, 2, 3 and 4, and 26, 12, 20 and 2 patients were categorized as T 1, T 2, T 3 and T 4 stage, respectively. Five patients had regional lymph node metastasis(N+), and the other 56 patients had no regional lymph node metastasis(N-). The numbers of patients categorized as stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ diseases according to TNM staging system were 20, 11, 21 and 8, respectively. The total PD-L1 positive rate was 24.6%(15/61). The corresponding PD-L1 expression rate of patients with WHO/ISUP nuclear grade 1-4 were 0(0 patient), 5.0%(1 patient), 31.6%(6 patients)and 44.4%(4 patients), respectively; With the increasing WHO/ISUP nuclear grade, the positive rate of PD-L1 gradually escalated with a linear correlation ( P=0.006). The PD-L1 expression of the normal and abnormal LDH group were 19.2%(10 patients)and 75.0%(3 patients), respectively, with significant difference( P=0.035). Univariate analysis of disease-free survival time(DFS)showed that the prognostic factors include PD-L1( P=0.045), age group( P=0.014), WHO/ISUP nuclear grade( P<0.001), T stage( P=0.015), N stage( P=0.026)and TNM stage( P=0.005). However multivariate analysis only suggested WHO/ISUP nuclear grade as the independent prognostic factors for DFS( HR=1.8, 95% CI 1.1-2.9, P=0.018). Either in univariate or multivariate analysis, PD-L1 was not a prognostic factor for overall survival (OS)of mRCC patients(univariate analysis: P=0.154; multivariate analysis: P=0.902). The independent prognostic factors of OS include WHO/ISUP nuclear grade( HR=3.0, 95% CI 1.1-8.0, P=0.033)and MSKCC risk stratification( HR=5.9, 95% CI 1.2-29.7, P=0.03). Conclusions:This study showed that the higher the WHO/ISUP nuclear grade of patients with mRCC, the higher the positive rate of PD-L1. PD-L1 expression was not the independent prognostic factor for DFS or OS of mRCC.

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