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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 359-367, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016652

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the effect of myricetin (MYR) on renal fibrosis induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) and common bile duct ligation (CBDL) in mice and its mechanism. The animal experiment has been approved by the Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University (NO: 2022-10-020). Thirty-five ICR mice were divided into control, UUO, UUO+MYR, CBDL and CBDL+MYR groups. H&E and Masson staining were used to detect pathological changes in kidney tissues. Western blot (WB) was used to detect the expression of fibrosis-related proteins in renal tissue, and total superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity detection kit (WST-8) was used to detect the changes of total SOD in renal tissue of CBDL mice. In vitro, HK-2 cells and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1, 10 ng·mL-1) were used to induce fibrotic model, and high glucose (30 mmol·L-1) was used to induce oxidative stress model, and then treated with different concentrations of MYR, WB was used to detect the expression of fibrosis and oxidative stress-related proteins, while NIH/3T3 cells were treated with different concentrations of MYR, and their effects on cell proliferation were detected by 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine (Brdu). The results showed that the renal lesions in UUO group and CBDL group were severe, collagen deposition was obvious, the expression of collagen-Ⅰ (COL-Ⅰ), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), fibronectin (FN), vimentin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) protein was up-regulated, and the activity of SOD enzyme in CBDL group was significantly decreased. MYR partly reversed the above changes after treatment. MYR inhibited the proliferation of NIH/3T3 cells but had no effect on the proliferation of HK-2 cells, and decreased the upregulation of PAI-1, FN and vimentin in HK-2 cells stimulated by TGF-β1. MYR can also up-regulate the down-regulation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in HK-2 cells stimulated by high glucose. To sum up, MYR can improve renal fibrosis in vivo and in vitro, probably by inhibiting the proliferation of fibroblasts and activating Nrf2/HO-1 signal pathway to inhibit oxidative stress.

2.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 396-400, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012911

ABSTRACT

The aim is to evaluate the effect of therapeutic communication on cervical cancer patients’ preoperative anxiety and hope level. The convenience sampling method was used to select the inpatients who will receive radical surgery for cervical cancer in the department of obstetrics and gynecology of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from November 2016 to November 2019 as the research object. 50 patients were grouped by the random number table method: 25 patients were in the intervention group, and 25 patients were in the control group. Patients in the intervention group were given therapeutic communication on the basis of routine nursing, and patients in the control group were given routine nursing. Both groups were investigated with the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Herth Hope Index (HHI) on the first day of admission and the day before surgery. Before the intervention, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05) . After the intervention, the anxiety level of the intervention group was lower than that of the control group (P<0.05), and the hope level was higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). It can be seen that therapeutic communication can alleviate preoperative anxiety of cervical cancer patients, improve their hope level, promote patient recovery, and ease tense medical relationship.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 78-84, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006514

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the key points and difficulties of intraoperative frozen section diagnosis of pulmonary diseases. Methods    The intraoperative frozen section and postoperative paraffin section results of pulmonary nodule patients in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2021 to January 2022 were collected. The main causes of misdiagnosis in frozen section diagnosis were analyzed, and the main points of diagnosis and differential diagnosis were summarized. Results    According to the inclusion criteria, a total of 1 263 frozen section diagnosis results of 1 178 patients were included in the study, including 475 males and 703 females, with an average age of 58.7 (23-86) years. In 1 263 frozen section diagnosis results, the correct diagnosis rate was 95.65%, and the misdiagnosis rate was 4.35%. There were 55 misdiagnoses, including 18 (3.44%) invasive adenocarcinoma, 17 (5.82%) adenocarcinoma in situ, 7 (35.00%) mucinous adenocarcinoma, 4 (2.09%) minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, 3 (100.00%) IgG4 related diseases, 2 (66.67%) mucinous adenocarcinoma in situ, 1 (16.67%) atypical adenomatous hyperplasia, 1 (14.29%) sclerosing pulmonary cell tumor, 1 (33.33%) bronchiolar adenoma, and 1 (100.00%) papillary adenoma. Conclusion    Intraoperative frozen section diagnosis still has its limitations. Clinicians need to make a comprehensive judgment based on imaging examination and clinical experience.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 214-224, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005436

ABSTRACT

Based on UPLC-Q-orbitrap-MS and biological network analysis tools, the mechanism of Xihuang Pill in improving hyperplasia of mammary glands was systematically analyzed. The rat model of hyperplasia of mammary glands was established by intramuscular injection of estradiol benzoate and progesterone. LC-MS tissue metabolomics was used to explore the key metabolites and metabolic pathways of Xihuang Pill in improving hyperplasia of mammary glands in rat. The network analysis of the key metabolites regulated by Xihuang Pill was carried out by integrating biological network analysis tools, focusing on the key metabolic pathways, and exploring the potential targets of Xihuang Pill to improve hyperplasia of mammary glands. Compared with the control group, there were significant differences in the content of 49 differential metabolites in the tissues of the model group (P < 0.05). Xihuang Pills could significantly call back 17 metabolites such as L-alanine, threonine, indole-3-carboxylic aldehyde, lysine, arginine, alanylleucine, glycyltyrosine, γ-glutamyl leucine, vitamin B3, serine leucine, threonine leucine, isoleucine glutamic acid, γ-glutamyl tyrosine, decanoyl-L-carnitine, uric acid, leucylleucine, S-adenosyl-methionine. Further network analysis and literature research on the key metabolites regulated by Xihuang Pills showed that the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway may be one of the important pathways for Xihuang Pills to improve hyperplasia of mammary glands. STAT3, MAPK1, EGFR, CASP3, CASP8, PRKCA and JUN in the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway may be potential targets for Xihuang Pills to improve hyperplasia of mammary glands. The animal experiment operations involved in this paper follow the provisions of the Animal Ethics Committee of Gansu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and pass the ethical review of animal experiments (approval number: 2022-705).

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 21-26, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005208

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish the quality control method for the roots and rhizoma of Toricellia angulata. METHODS The properties of the roots and rhizoma of T. angulata were observed and microscopic identification was conducted. The moisture, total ash, acid-insoluble ash and ethanol-soluble extract were examined according to the method stated in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (part Ⅳ). HPLC fingerprints of 11 batches of the roots and rhizoma of T. angulata were established, common peaks were identified and the similarity was evaluated by using the Similarity Evaluation System of Chromatographic Fingerprint of TCM (2012 edition). The contents of coniferin, syringin, chlorogenic acid, (+)-syringaresinol-O-β-D-glucopyranoside and syringaresinol were determined by HPLC. RESULTS The properties and microscopic identification of the roots and rhizoma of T. angulata were obvious. The average contents of moisture, total ash, acid-insoluble ash and ethanol-soluble extract were 7.54%, 2.18%, 0.15% and 7.81%, respectively. There were 16 common peaks marked in the HPLC fingerprints of 11 batches of the roots and rhizoma of T. angulata, with similarities of 0.856-0.960; five of them were identified, such as coniferin, syringin, chlorogenic acid, (+)-syringaresinol-O-β-D-glucopyranoside and syringaresinol. The contents of the above five components were 0.047 2-0.401 6, 0.836 8-8.697 9, 1.245 3-10.950 0, 0.139 0-0.437 8 and 0.016 4-0.635 3 mg/g, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The established method is stable and accurate, which can be used for the quality control of the roots and rhizoma of T. angulata. It is preliminarily proposed that the moisture in the roots and rhizoma of T. angulata is not more than 11.0%, the total ash is not more than 4.0%, the ethanol-soluble extract is not less than 5.0%, the contents of coniferin, syringin, chlorogenic acid, (+)-syringaresinol-O-β-D- glucopyranoside and syringaresinol are not less than 0.04,0.83, 1.24, 0.13, 0.01 mg/g, respectively.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 871-875, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981839

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a child with D bifunctional protein deficiency (DBPD) born to a consanguineous pedigree.@*METHODS@#A child with DBPD who was admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical College on January 6, 2022 due to hypotonia and global developmental delay was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of her pedigree members were collected. Peripheral blood samples of the child, her parents and elder sisters were collected and subjected to whole exome sequencing. Candidate variant was validated by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#The child, a 2-year-and-9-month-old female, had featured hypotonia, growth retardation, unstable head lift, and sensorineural deafness. Serum long-chain fatty acids were elevated, and auditory brainstem evoked potentials had failed to elicit V waves in both ears with 90 dBnHL stimulation. Brain MRI revealed thinning of corpus callosum and white matter hypoplasia. The child's parents were secondary cousins. Their elder daughter had a normal phenotype and no clinical symptoms related to DBPD. Elder son had frequent convulsions, hypotonia and feeding difficulties after birth, and had died one and a half month later. Genetic testing revealed that the child had harbored homozygous c.483G>T (p.Gln161His) variants of the HSD17B4 gene, for which both of her parents and elder sisters were carriers. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the c.483G>T (p.Gln161His) was rated as a pathogenic variant (PM1+PM2_Supporting+PP1+PP3+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The homozygous c.483G>T (p.Gln161His) variants of the HSD17B4 gene caused by the consanguineous marriage probably underlay the DBPD in this child.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pedigree , Muscle Hypotonia , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Protein Deficiency , Mutation
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3360-3372, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981472

ABSTRACT

UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS and network pharmacology were employed to preliminarily study the active components and mechanism of Jinwugutong Capsules in the treatment of osteoporosis. Firstly, UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS was employed to characterize the chemical components of Jinwugutong Capsules, and network pharmacology was employed to establish the "drug-component-target-pathway-disease" network. The key targets and main active components were thus obtained. Secondly, AutoDock was used for the molecular docking between the main active components and key targets. Finally, the animal model of osteoporosis was established, and the effect of Jinwugutong Capsules on the expression of key targets including RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), albumin(ALB), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α) was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). A total of 59 chemical components were identified from Jinwugutong Capsules, among which coryfolin, 8-prenylnaringenin, demethoxycurcumin, isobavachin, and genistein may be the main active components of Jinwugutong Capsules in treating osteoporosis. The topological analysis of the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network revealed 10 core targets such as AKT1, ALB, catenin beta 1(CTNNB1), TNF, and epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR). The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment showed that Jinwugutong Capsules mainly exerted the therapeutic effect by regulating the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(AKT) signaling pathway, neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway and so on. Molecular docking showed that the main active components of Jinwugutong Capsules well bound to the key targets. ELISA results showed that Jinwugutong Capsules down-regulated the protein levels of AKT1 and TNF-α and up-regulated the protein level of ALB, which preliminarily verified the reliability of network pharmacology. This study indicates that Jinwugutong Capsules may play a role in the treatment of osteoporosis through multiple components, targets, and pathways, which can provide reference for the further research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Network Pharmacology , Capsules , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1899-1907, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981409

ABSTRACT

To study the quality control of three traditional Chinese medicines derived from Gleditsia sinensis [Gleditsiae Sinensis Fructus(GSF), Gleditsiae Fructus Abnormalis(GFA), and Gleditsiae Spina(GS)], this paper established a multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) approach based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole-linear ion-trap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-Trap-MS). Using an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.7 μm), gradient elution was performed at 40 ℃ with water containing 0.1% formic acid-acetonitrile as the mobile phase running at 0.3 mL·min~(-1), and the separation and content determination of ten chemical constituents(e.g., saikachinoside A, locustoside A, orientin, taxifolin, vitexin, isoquercitrin, luteolin, quercitrin, quercetin, and apigenin) in GSF, GFA, and GS were enabled within 31 min. The established method could quickly and efficiently determine the content of ten chemical constituents in GSF, GFA, and GS. All constituents showed good linearity(r>0.995), and the average recovery rate was 94.09%-110.9%. The results showed that, the content of two alkaloids in GSF(2.03-834.75 μg·g~(-1)) was higher than that in GFA(0.03-10.41 μg·g~(-1)) and GS(0.04-13.66 μg·g~(-1)), while the content of eight flavonoids in GS(0.54-2.38 mg·g~(-1)) was higher than that in GSF(0.08-0.29 mg·g~(-1)) and GFA(0.15-0.32 mg·g~(-1)). These results provide references for the quality control of G. sinensis-derived TCMs.


Subject(s)
Flavonoids/analysis , Alkaloids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Mass Spectrometry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2490-2499, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981325

ABSTRACT

The effect of Tujia medicine Berberidis Radix on endogenous metabolites in the serum and feces of mice with ulcerative colitis(UC) induced by dextran sulfate sodium(DSS) was analyzed by metabolomics technology to explore the metabolic pathway and underlying mechanism of Berberidis Radix in the intervention of UC. The UC model was induced in mice by DSS. Body weight, disease activity index(DAI), and colon length were recorded. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-10(IL-10) in colon tissues were determined by ELISA. The levels of endogenous metabolites in the serum and feces were detected by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS). Principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were employed to characterize and screen differential metabolites. The potential metabolic pathways were analyzed by MetaboAnalyst 5.0. The results showed that Berberidis Radix could significantly improve the symptoms of UC mice and increase the level of the anti-inflammatory factor IL-10. A total of 56 and 43 differential metabolites were identified in the serum and feces, respectively, belonging to lipids, amino acids, fatty acids, etc. After the intervention by Berberidis Radix, the metabolic disorder gradually recovered. The involved metabolic pathways included biosynthesis of phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan, linoleic acid metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism, and glycerophospholipid metabolism. Berberidis Radix can alleviate the symptoms of mice with DSS-induced UC, and the mechanism may be closely related to the re-gulation of lipid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and energy metabolism.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Interleukin-10 , Metabolomics/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2316-2324, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981307

ABSTRACT

Patchoulol is an important sesquiterpenoid in the volatile oil of Pogostemon cablin, and is also considered to be the main contributing component to the pharmacological efficacy and fragrance of P. cablin oil, which has antibacterial, antitumor, antioxidant, and other biological activities. Currently, patchoulol and its essential oil blends are in high demand worldwide, but the traditional plant extraction method has many problems such as wasting land and polluting the environment. Therefore, there is an urgent need for a new method to produce patchoulol efficiently and at low cost. To broaden the production method of patchouli and achieve the heterologous production of patchoulol in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the patchoulol synthase(PS) gene from P. cablin was codon optimized and placed under the inducible strong promoter GAL1 to transfer into the yeast platform strain YTT-T5, thereby obtaining strain PS00 with the production of(4.0±0.3) mg·L~(-1) patchoulol. To improve the conversion rate, this study used protein fusion method to fuse SmFPS gene from Salvia miltiorrhiza with PS gene, leading to increase the yield of patchoulol to(100.9±7.4) mg·L~(-1) by 25-folds. By further optimizing the copy number of the fusion gene, the yield of patchoulol was increased by 90% to(191.1±32.7) mg·L~(-1). By optimizing the fermentation process, the strain was able to achieve a patchouli yield of 2.1 g·L~(-1) in a high-density fermentation system, which was the highest yield so far. This study provides an important basis for the green production of patchoulol.


Subject(s)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Sesquiterpenes/metabolism , Pogostemon , Oils, Volatile/metabolism
11.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 429-435, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981287

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features,immunohistochemical features,diagnosis,and relationship with sporadic prostate cancer in primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics of 12 patients with primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder diagnosed at Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2013 to September 2022.The histological features of primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder were re-evaluated by two pathologists according to the 2022 revision of the World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Urinary System and Male Genital Organs.Electronic medical records were retrieved,and telephone follow-up was conducted from the time of histopathological diagnosis to the death or the end of the last follow-up until January 31,2023. Results The 12 patients include 7 patients in pT3 stage and 1 patient in pT4 stage.Eight patients were complicated with other types of tumors,such as high-grade urothelial carcinoma of the bladder and squamous cell carcinoma.Five patients had sporadic prostate cancer.Immunohistochemical staining showed that 12 (100.0%),10 (83.3%),and 8 (66.7%) patients were tested positive for CD56,Syn,and CgA,respectively.The Ki67 proliferation index ranged from 80% to 90%.Five patients with urothelial carcinoma were tested positive for CK20,GATA3,and CK7.P504S was positive in all the 5 patients with prostate cancer,while P63 and 34βE12 were negative.The follow-up of the 12 patients lasted for 3-60 months.Eight of these patients died during follow-up,with the median survival of 15.5 months.Four patients survived. Conclusions Primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder is a rare urological tumor with high aggressiveness and poor prognosis.In male patients with bladder prostatectomy,all prostate tissue should be sampled.If prostate cancer is detected,the prostate-specific antigen level should be monitored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/pathology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Urinary Bladder/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Prostatic Neoplasms , Biomarkers, Tumor
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 188-196, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980996

ABSTRACT

Renal outer medullary potassium (ROMK) channel is an important K+ excretion channel in the body, and K+ secreted by the ROMK channels is most or all source of urinary potassium. Previous studies focused on the ROMK channels of thick ascending limb (TAL) and collecting duct (CD), while there were few studies on the involvement of ROMK channels of the late distal convoluted tubule (DCT2) in K+ excretion. The purpose of the present study was mainly to record the ROMK channels current in renal DCT2 and observe the effect of high potassium diet on the ROMK channels by using single channel and whole-cell patch-clamp techniques. The results showed that a small conductance channel current with a conductance of 39 pS could be recorded in the apical membrane of renal DCT2, and it could be blocked by Tertiapin-Q (TPNQ), a ROMK channel inhibitor. The high potassium diet significantly increased the probability of ROMK channel current occurrence in the apical membrane of renal DCT2, and enhanced the activity of ROMK channel, compared to normal potassium diet (P < 0.01). Western blot results also demonstrated that the high potassium diet significantly up-regulated the protein expression levels of ROMK channels and epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), and down-regulated the protein expression level of Na+-Cl- cotransporter (NCC). Moreover, the high potassium diet significantly increased urinary potassium excretion. These results suggest that the high potassium diet may activate the ROMK channels in the apical membrane of renal DCT2 and increase the urinary potassium excretion by up-regulating the expression of renal ROMK channels.


Subject(s)
Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying/metabolism , Kidney Tubules, Distal/metabolism , Potassium/metabolism , Epithelial Sodium Channels/metabolism , Diet
13.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 536-541, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979910

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveWe conducted a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) study to assess the causal relationship between circulating isoleucine, leucine and valine levels and the risk of peripheral atherosclerosis. MethodsBased on the large-scale genome-wide association study (GWAS) database, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) closely related to the circulating levels of isoleucine, leucine and valine were identified as instrumental variables (IVs). Two-sample MR analysis applying the inverse variance weighted (IVW) method and the weighted median estimator (WME) method were performed to estimate the causal relationship between the risk of peripheral atherosclerosis and the exposure with more than three SNPs that were available as IVs. The pleiotropy was evaluated by using the MR-Egger regression and MR-PRESSO method, and the leave-one-out method was used in sensitivity analysis. ResultsFour, one and one SNPs were identified as IVs for circulating isoleucine, leucine and valine levels, respectively. For isoleucine, the IVW model demonstrated there was no evidence of heterogeneity among the IVs (P=0.715), and there was a significant causal relationship between the increase of circulating isoleucine level and a higher risk of peripheral atherosclerosis risk. Per every 1 elevated standard deviation (SD) of circulating isoleucine level resulted in increasing 31% of peripheral atherosclerosis risk (OR=1.31, 95%CI: 1.07‒1.61). Similarly, the OR(95%CI) was 1.33 (1.04‒1.71) in the WME model. The MR-Egger regression and MR-PRESSO analysis indicated no evidence of pleiotropy in IVs (all P>0.05). The result of the leave-one-out sensitivity analysis was stable. The Wald ratio model displayed that the causal relationship between circulating leucine and valine levels and the risk of peripheral atherosclerosis was not statistically significant. The OR (95%CI) for leucine and valine was 1.13 (0.78‒1.63) and 1.11 (0.82‒1.50), respectively. ConclusionThere is a significant causal relationship between the increase of circulating isoleucine level and a higher peripheral atherosclerosis risk. The causal relationships between circulating leucine and valine levels and the risk of peripheral atherosclerosis need to be further confirmed in future studies.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1308-1312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978784

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between platelet count (PLT) and the prognosis of hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF), to establish a new PLT-related scoring model, and to assess its value in predicting the short-term prognosis of HBV-ACLF. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted among the patients with HBV-ACLF who were hospitalized and treated in Department of Gastroenterology, The General Hospital of Western Theater Command, from January 2018 to January 2022. Clinical data within 24 hours after admission were collected from all patients, and according to the survival after 180 days of follow-up, the patients were divided into survival group and death group. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The Pearson correlation coefficient was used to investigate the correlation between different indicators, and the logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors for prognosis. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to assess the predictive value of the prognostic model, and the Kaplan-Meier curve analysis was used to investigate the survival condition of the high AIP group and the low AIP group. Results A total of 236 patients were enrolled, with a 180-day survival rate of 75.85% (179/236). Compared with the survival group, the death group had significantly higher age (53.98±10.45 vs 47.44±12.46, P =0.001), international normalized ratio (INR) [1.78 (1.46-2.04) vs 1.47 (1.23-1.68), P < 0.001], total bilirubin [275.60 (165.00-451.45) vs 230.60 (154.90-323.70), P =0.035], Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score [21.47 (18.14-24.76) vs 18.67 (15.70-21.62), P < 0.001], and albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score [-1.06 (-1.64~-0.86) vs-1.32 (-1.73~-1.01), P =0.034], as well as significantly lower PLT [80.00 (50.00~124.50) vs 115.00 (82.00~143.00), P =0.001] and platelet-to-white blood cell ratio (PWR) [13.40 (9.54~20.70) vs 18.49 (13.95~24.74), P =0.001]. The Pearson correlation analysis showed that PLT was negatively correlated with liver cirrhosis and INR ( r =-0.332 and -0.194, P < 0.001 and P =0.003). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.045, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.015-1.076), PLT ( OR =0.990, 95% CI : 0.983-0.998), and INR ( OR =2.591, 95% CI : 1.363-4.925) were independent risk factors for the 180-day prognosis of HBV-ACLF patients. The new predictive model was established as follows: AIP=0.006×age+0.187×INR-0.001×PLT. The AIP scoring model had an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.718 in predicting the 180-day prognosis of HBV-ACLF patients, with a sensitivity of 81.1% and a specificity of 54.1%, while PLT, PWR, LPACLF score, MELD score, and ALBI score had an AUC of 0.673, 0.659, 0.588, 0.647, and 0.578, respectively. The AIP scoring model had an optimal cut-off value of 0.48. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the high AIP group had a significantly lower survival rate than the low AIP group ( P < 0.001). Conclusion The PLT-related scoring model has a better value than other models in predicting the prognosis of HBV-ACLF, and HBV-ACLF patients with a relatively high PLT level tend to have a high overall survival rate.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1619-1628, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978728

ABSTRACT

Valencene, a kind of sesquiterpenoid with a citrus flavor, is mainly found in Valencia orange and is commonly used in cosmetics and food additives, as well as industrial synthetic nootkatone. In this study, synthetic biology was used to create a Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell factory to produce valencene. Fistly, valencene synthase gene (CnVS) from Callitropsis nootkatensis was inserted into the chromosome of the chassis strain YTT-T5. The resulting strain VAL-01 could produce 1.1 mg·L-1 valencene. Protein fusion technique was used, different valencene synthases were compared and the copy number of key genes was adjusted, yielding valencene to 436.4 mg·L-1. Then, knocking-out the transcription factor ROX1 resulted in valencene improvement by 17.4%. Moreover, the induction system of galactose was regulated, transcription factor PDR3 and INO2 were overexpressed. The engineered strain VAL-10 could produce 2 798.6 mg·L-1 valencene by high cell density fermentation method (nearly 2 500 times higher than VAL-01). This study provides a basis for green production of valencene.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1802-1811, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978653

ABSTRACT

In this study, a combination of metabolomics and network pharmacology was used to study the pharmacodynamic substances and mechanism of action of Yiyi Fuzi powder (YYFZ) on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rats. The animal experiments were conducted in accordance with the requirements of the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (approval number: TCM-LAEC2021241). The metabolomic analysis using UPLC-Q-TOF/MS technique identified 22 metabolites, including arachidonic acid, tryptophan, linoleic acid, phenylalanine, as significant biomarkers for the treatment of RA with YYFZ, and they were significantly regressed after YYFZ treatment. The analysis of YYFZ blood components also revealed that 11 blood components, including hypaconitine, benzoylhypaconitine, and deoxyaconitine, may be the components that exert direct pharmacological effects in YYFZ in vivo, and further network pharmacological analysis of blood components obtained that YYFZ may exhibit anti-inflammatory effects through acting on PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, estrogen signaling pathway, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway. The results of this study provide implications for the clinical application of YYFZ.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 274-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973158

ABSTRACT

Malignant tumors seriously threaten human life and health. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are the conventional methods for the clinical treatment of advanced tumors. The prognosis and efficacy are still far from satisfactory due to the radiotherapy has serious adverse effects on the body and the chemotherapy often causes problems such as tumor resistance and cell proliferationinhibition. Therefore, the search for new, safe, and effective anti-tumor drugs and the elucidation of their molecular mechanisms are effective measures for clinical treatment of tumors and improvement of patients' quality of life. Active ingredients derived from Chinese herbal medicines and natural products have gradually become a hot spot in the research and development of anti-tumor drugs due to their multi-target and multi-channel anti-tumor pharmacological activity characteristics and their advantages such as less adverse reaction on the body. Bruceine D is a class of tetracyclic triterpenoids extracted from the fruit of the Chinese herbal medicine Bruceae Fructus, with anti-inflammatory, anti-malarial, anti-parasitic, and other pharmacological activities, and its anti-tumor activity is particularly significant. Pharmacological studies have found that bruceine D can regulate various cellular physiological activities such as proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and migration of lung cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, intestinal cancer, and other cancer cells by targeting different signaling pathways. Bruceine D can be used in combination with other chemotherapeutic drugs to improve the sensitivity of tumor cells to chemotherapeutic drugs, thereby reducing the adverse effect of chemotherapy. Clinical application practice has shown that Bruceae Fructus oil emulsion injection containing bruceine D has significant advantages in the efficacy and safety of tumor treatment. Although there are many studies on the antitumor pharmacological activity of bruceine D and its clinical efficacy is significant, the specific antitumor molecular mechanism of bruceine D is still unclear, and there is a lack of systematic review on the existing antitumor mechanism of bruceine D. Therefore, based on the research on bruceine D in China and abroad in recent years, this paper reviewed the anti-tumor effect and related molecular mechanisms of bruceine D from six aspects, namely, tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis, metastasis and invasion, glucose metabolism process, autophagy, and chemotherapy sensitivity. This paper is expected to provide a pharmacological basis and scientific reference for the antitumor drug development and clinical application of bruceine D.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 13-25, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973128

ABSTRACT

This article has systematically reviewed the name, origin, scientific name, producing area, quality evaluation, harvesting and processing methods of Polygonati Odorati Rhizoma(POR) by consulting the materia medica, medical books, prescription books and modern literature, in order to provide a reference for the development of famous classical formulas containing POR. Yuzhu was first recorded in the Shennong Bencaojing under the name of Nyuwei. After that, Weirui was used as the rectification name in the subsequent dynasties, and in recent times, the name of Yuzhu is mostly used in materia medica and prescription books. In ancient times, there were different names for Yuzhu, such as Nyuwei, Weiwei and Weirui. The names of the three are similar and there was a mixed use of the same name and foreign matter in history. In the Tang dynasty, SU Jing listed Nyuwei with the effect of curing dysentery in the intermediate of herbal part of Xinxiu Bencao according to its different efficacy. However, based on Shennong Bencaojing, Mingyi Bielu and the different energy efficiency of medical prescriptions, SU Song of the Northern Song dynasty believed that the three were medicinal materials of different origins. In short, the names of the three have been unclear in history for a long time. According to the development of the time line, this paper examines the names and realities of the three, and concludes that the two(Weiwei and Weirui) are the same medicinal material, that is, Polygonatum odoratum of Liliaceae, and the Nyuwei is Clematis apiifolia of Ranunculaceae, and the source relationship of the three is clarified. The mainstream source of Yuzhu used in the past dynasties was the rhizome of P. odoratum, which was widely distributed in the wild and has a large amount of resources. The origins of Yuzhu recorded in ancient times were mainly Taishan in Shandong, Chuzhou and Shuzhou in Anhui, and Hanzhong in Shaanxi, in modern times, it was produced in northern Hebei and Shaoyang in Hunan with high quality, and in the modern times, Jiangbei Yuzhu from Haimen in Jiangsu, Anyuzhu from Nanling, Anqing and Tongling in Anhui, Guanyuzhu from Fengrun, Yutian, Zunhua, Huailai in Hebei and Suizhong, Jinxi, Jianchang, Lingyuan, Liaoyang, Haicheng, Gaiping in Liaoning, Xiangyuzhu from Shaoyang in Hunan are the authentic medicinal material. In ancient times, the quality of Yuzhu was good if it was fat and white, while in modern times, it is better with thick roots, bright yellow color, soft texture, no stiff skin and no oiliness. In ancient times, the origin processing of POR was mostly dried in the shade, but in modern times, it is mostly sun-dried or dried after steaming and rubbing. The ancient processing was mostly scraped off the skin and soaked in honey water and then steamed through, while the modern one is mostly washed and cut into thick slices for raw use. Based on the conclusion of the herbal textual research, it is suggested that the rhizome of P. odoratum of Liliaceae be used as the source for the development of famous classical formulas, and the corresponding specifications be selected according to the processing requirements of the prescription. In view of the Yiweitang in Wenbing Tiaobian, which uses the method of frying fragrance to achieve the effect of fragrant refreshing the spleen, it can be processed by referring to the stir-frying method in the current version of Chinese Pharmacopoeia.

19.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 224-232, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971321

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether casticin (CAS) suppresses stemness in cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs) obtained from human cervical cancer (CCSLCs) and the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Spheres from HeLa and CaSki cells were used as CCSLCs. DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) activity and mRNA levels, self-renewal capability (Nanog and Sox2), and cancer stem cell markers (CD133 and CD44), were detected by a colorimetric DNMT activity/inhibition assay kit, quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, sphere and colony formation assays, and immunoblot, respectively. Knockdown and overexpression of DNMT1 by transfection with shRNA and cDNA, respectively, were performed to explore the mechanism for action of CAS (0, 10, 30, and 100 nmol/L).@*RESULTS@#DNMT1 activity was increased in CCSLCs compared with HeLa and CaSki cells (P<0.05). In addition, HeLa-derived CCSLCs transfected with DNMT1 shRNA showed reduced sphere and colony formation abilities, and lower CD133, CD44, Nanog and Sox2 protein expressions (P<0.05). Conversely, overexpression of DNMT1 in HeLa cells exhibited the oppositive effects. Furthermore, CAS significantly reduced DNMT1 activity and transcription levels as well as stemness in HeLa-derived CCSLCs (P<0.05). Interestingly, DNMT1 knockdown enhanced the inhibitory effect of CAS on stemness. As expected, DNMT1 overexpression reversed the inhibitory effect of CAS on stemness in HeLa cells.@*CONCLUSION@#CAS effectively inhibits stemness in CCSLCs through suppression of DNMT1 activation, suggesting that CAS acts as a promising preventive and therapeutic candidate in cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , HeLa Cells , Neoplastic Stem Cells/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism
20.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 22-29, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971269

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficiency and effect of establishing rat peri-implantitis model by traditional cotton thread ligation and local injection of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) around the implant, as well as the combination of the two methods.@*METHODS@#Left side maxillary first molars of 39 male SD rats were extracted, and titanium implants were implanted after four weeks of healing. After 4 weeks of implant osseointegration, 39 rats were randomly divided into 4 groups. Cotton thread ligation (n=12), local injection of LPS around the implant (n=12), and the two methods combined (n=12) were used to induce peri-implantitis, the rest 3 rats were untreated as control group. All procedures were conducted under 5% isoflurane inhalation anesthesia. The rats were sacrificed 2 weeks and 4 weeks after induction through carbon dioxide asphyxiation method. The maxilla of the rats in the test groups were collected and marginal bone loss was observed by micro-CT. The gingival tissues around the implants were collected for further real time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis, specifically the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) as well as interleukin-1β (IL-1β). The probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and gingival index (GI) of each rat in the experimental group were recorded before induction of inflammation and before death.@*RESULTS@#After 4 weeks of implantation, the osseointegration of implants were confirmed. All the three test groups showed red and swollen gums, obvious marginal bone loss around implants. After 2 weeks and 4 weeks of inflammation induction, PD, GI and BOP of the three test groups increased compared with those before induction, but only BOP was statistically significant among the three test groups (P < 0.05). At the end of 2 weeks of inflammation induction, marginal bone loss was observed at each site in the cotton thread ligation group and the combined group. At each site, the bone resorption in the combined group was greater than that in the cotton thread ligation group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05), bone resorption was observed at some sites of some implants in LPS local injection group. At the end of 4 weeks of inflammation induction, marginal bone loss was observed at all sites in each group. The marginal bone loss in the cotton thread ligation group and the combined group was greater than that in the LPS local injection group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). At the end of 2 weeks and 4 weeks of induction, the expression of TNF-α and IL-1β in the test groups were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with local injection of LPS around the implant, cotton thread ligature and the two methods combined can induce peri-implantitis in rats better and faster.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Inflammation , Lipopolysaccharides , Peri-Implantitis/pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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